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Anno 1 

of tt 
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The Gospel Messenger. 

'Set for the Defense of the Gospel." 

Vol. 31, Old Shim. 

Mt. Morris, 111., and Huntingdon, Pa., Jan. 3, 

No. 1. • 

The Gospel Messenger. 

H. B. Brumbau 

jy As the rmug Dhcifk and the Quarterlies are publish 
ed at Mt. Morris, orders lor them and Sunday-school sup 
piles should be sent to that office. 

Table of Contents, 

rthe New Leaf,. 

Understood and Practiced 
W. Reese. Faith.— 

Primitive Christianity, 
by the Brethren. By 

Part 4 

Conversion. By David E. Crlpe 

The Two Th ;hf»r. . By W. I. T. Hoover, 

Missionary and Tract Work Department,- 

Missionary Work. By Sadie Bralller NoBsinger ^allotted time 18 much less than 

.. Emergencies. By J. S.Flory 

I 'W Influence. By Carrie M. Kessler ;--7 

9 Thomas. By Elizabeth H. Delp 1 

i Mini iterlal Meeting of the Southern District o! Indiana, 1 

(HjSrflfdon Bible Term,. 

.8, 9 


• 4.5. 


Notes from Our Correspondents "i '* 

Literary Notices •. 

Matrimonial, v 

Fallen Asleep i'c l6 

Advertisements ^ j6 


As there are still some inquiries about the time 
of the opening of the Bible Session, also terms, 
etc., we state once more, that it will open, no 
Providence preventing, on Tuesday, Jan. 31, 
and continue four weeks. For good room and 
boarding S3.00 per week will be charged Tu- 
ition is free. A program of the work will be sent 

lation. Page after page is turned, as our days 
open and shadow away, unfolding new truths, 
giving new aspirations and telliDg that an end, 
a consummation,— is surely approaching. 

Did yon ever watch the hour-glass as the 
sands fall, and not experience a feeling for 
which you had no words to express? How slow- 
ly, at first, Biuks the diminishing bulk, but as one 
mark after another is passed, more rapidly fall 
the sands, and all at once it is gone, and, tin. 
changed, time is no more! 

So is life. In the early dawn we have the bird 
songs, — the brightening light, the trickling dew 
and the lifting fogs. But soon all this passes 
away and the realities push up before us. Our 
eyes open, and we "see men as trees walking." 
These settle down to the normal, and duties fledge 
in upon ub until we are made to feel that our 
Hours, days, weeks, months and years get on the 
down grade, and we find ourselves aside of a Nt- 
agarian rapid, wonderiDg whether or not the life 
is in the rapids or ourself. 

As we sit here, a thinking being, on the verge 
Mtwew the oM er^the , M .corner, 

with more'foroe than eveT before :"vVuat is lite? 
What is our own life as it has been lived— is be- 
ing lived I Are we awake, or, after all, are we 
only dreaming? Is this a sample of ihe life, or 
are we only looking through a glass darkly? We 



ly flowing with milk and honey, with olive-yards, 
vineyards and ready-built cities thrown in, were 
not enough to Satisfy the favored of Clod. And 
yet, how much better are we? The sin of in- 
gratitude is, indeed, the sin of the world. 

Among the kingdoms of the world, eighteen 
hundred and ninety-two has been a year of com- 
parative peace, with the usual strifeB and up- 
heavals. In onr own country there has been a 
remarkablo political revolution, but as the ohaDge 
oame through the expression of the people, we 
ought to hopo that the change will be for the 
better, and that the right of sovereignty will 
continue to be maintained. From our own land, 
the hand of physical pestilence has been stayed, 
and no special indications of the Father's dis- ggij 

pleasure have beeu made manifest toward us. 
We have enjoyed the early and the latter rains, .i 

so tint our fields have brought forth abundant 1 

harvests. Our barns and store-houaes are well ' 

filled with the good of the land, and a reasonable 
prosperity is apparent anywhere within our bor- 
ders. We have not only had enough, but some 
spare, aud the hearts of other nation! 

npivj f-uouj 


to all on application. 

Those intending to come, 

will please write at once, that the necessary ar- 
rangements may be made for accommodation, etc. 
Address: H. B. Brnmbaugh, Huntingdon, 1 a. 

One of the strangesTttogs in human expert 
ence is life.-our own life. As we look at it 
there is , continual receding from us, and he 
more diligently we push our »vestigat,on th^ 
more ramdly it passes from us. Then, too, as 
Z years I'll n, there are continual changes 
'X UP bo that our theories a,e unbottome , 
Lore we are able to make the practical applies 
In our retrospecting, we lose sight of the 

not sure that we know or ever shall know. 
The Psalmist tells us that "we spend onr yeare 
as a tale that is told." And as is onr interpreta- 
tion of this truth, such is our life. 

But to-day it is still the old. A few more 
swingings of the pendulum of the old family 
clock-tick, tick-andtheold will be gone to give 
place to the new. Not yet are we ready for the 
parting, and to say eighteen hundred and mne- 
iy.iwo no more. No, to us it has been a dear old 
friend, and with its aging has come another year 
to our own life. What has the old year been to 
us,-to all of us -to the church, and to the 
world? A year of blessings it has truly been. 
Not all sunshine and joy; many sorrows, much 
disappointment, -full of burning ' 

tears. Th( 

grim monster, Death -has been at work. But has 
not even death, in the Christ, lost his sting, and 
the grave its victory? Thank God for this truth. 
Conld we recount the bleseings that have been 
brought to us during the year, that is now pass- 
ing away, would we not find much to be gratefu 
for? Surely, our feet have been placed at the 
foot of the " Mount of Blessing 


ye have just awakened from a season of medi. 
tat on and we have come to about th.s conclu- 
^on-that we, of ourselves, can never learn to 
now ourselves. Onr life is a book of new reve- 

feet have been placed 

But as they 
e expre B sserth7oug"h nature, by the providen- 
ces of the Beneficent Father, unlike Israel of old 
we failed to give the hearty Amen 
from day to day, pursue Bible Htst° 

sometimes made to cry out , wretched I 

ra^££ setups* 

Prenil:—^^, and the .and literal- 

Ab we, 
Bible History, we aie 

been mad,' I " munificence an 


Ab to the church, the year hae bee" -" of qui- 
etness, peace aud activity to some extent, and en- 
couraging prosperity. All of our working appa- 
ratus has been moving along rather encouraging- 
ly, and it seems to us that on every hand we 
have the evidence of favors and blessings being 
showered upon ns. 

Perhaps, taking the optimistic view of things - 
and yet we believe, not too much so.-let ub, for 
a moment, look at the chnrch, as she stands to- 
day! Poor enough, weak and small enough she 
is we admit, bat are we not going forward? 
Through the force of the truth, the Holy Spirit, 
and the developing forces that have been brought 
to bear upon her, the moral, intellectual and spir- 
itual standard of the membership has been raised, 
and in proportion„we have additional power for 
the 'accomplishing of good within and without. 
Through onr Sunday-schools, Bible cIsbsob and 
prayer.meetings, onr young brethren and sisters 
have been given new fields for labor, and in this 
way they have been encouraged to develop their 
talents for the Master's work. 

Oar ministry haB wonderfully advanced in ef- 
ficiency and power, as well as in devotedness and 
consecration. Onr "Bible Terms" and Minis- 
terial Meetings" are telling for good. Wider 
Christian culture, enlarged Scriptural interpre- 
tations, a deeper and sweeter liberality, and a 
more united effort for the organic unity of the 
whole Brotherhood, are signs of the times in the 
best and most hopeful senae: 

Our educational work, though wisely conserva- 
tive, is growing 


wider and deeper into the hearts 
and'lives°of our"people, and an encouraging pros- 

(Cmichukd on P«s c S-) 



The year begins. I turn a leaf 

All over wilt with good resolves; 
Each to fulfill will be in chief 

My aim while earth Us round revolves; 
How many & leaf I've turned before, 

And tried to make the record true; 
Each year a wreck on time's dull shore, 

Proved much I dared, but little knew. 
Mi, bright rc-Bolvel How high you bear 

The future's hopeful standard on; 
How brave you start; how poor you wear! 

How soon are faith and courage gone, 
You point to deeds of sacrifice, 

You shun the path of careless ease; 
Lentils and wooden shoes? Is this 

The fare n human soul to please? 

What wonder, then, If men do fall, 

Where good Is ever all austere; 
While vice Is fair and pleasant all, 

And turns the leaf to lend the year? 
Yet still once more I turn the leaf, 

And mean to walk the better way; 
I struggle with old unbelief, 

And strive to reach the perfect day. 

Why should the road that leads to heaven 

Be all one reach of sterile sand? 
Why not, just here and there, be given 

A rose to deck the dreary land? 
But why repine? Others have trod, 

With sorer feet and heavier sins, 
Their painful pathway toward God:— 

My pilgrimage anew begins. 

Failure and failure, hllheito, 

Has time Inscribed upon my leaves; 
I wandered many a harvest through, 

And never yet have gathered sheaves. 
Yet once again the leaf I turn, 
*■ tiopt; ngUinstnope'ror one b.«*cas; , 
One merit mark, at least, to earn, 
One sunbeam In the wilderness. 



If Noah had lacked faith in the warning of 
God, he would not have etruck the first lick on 
the ark, and he and all his family would have 
been drowned in the flood, along with the rest of 
the unbelieving world, Thus we see that genuine 
faith goes right along, hand in hand, with works. 
We must sincerely believe that our crucified Sav- 
ior made a full and complete atonement for the 
sins of the whole world. We fully believe, in the 
light of hia Word, that there is no son or daugb 
ter of Adam, upon whose ears the blessed sound 
of the Gospel ever has or ever shall fall, but that 
can be Bftved. 

"Jesus paid It all, 
All to him I owe." 

And yet, it is not an unconditional salvation. 
There are certain requirements laid down in the 
New Testament, a compliance with which is abso- 
lutely necessary to man's pardon and acceptance 
with God. These conditions are faith, repentance 
and baptism, and, we think, in the order in which 
they are named, Faith is the prime mover in the 
gTeat work. Without faith a man will not, — in- 
deed cannot, — take the first step towards the 

kiDgdom of God. Why should he? What mo- 
tive could induce an unbeliever to repent, be bap- 
tized, or do anything* el Be commanded in the 
Word of God? 

An unbeliever neither loves, fears, or respects 
God. Why should he? What motive could he 
have to do ao? "He that cometh to God must 
believe that he IB." The unbeliever really denies 
the existence of a Supreme Being. He does not 
believe there is any God. What sort of a specta- 
cle would such a person present, in affecting to 
obey the commands of a purely imaginative Be- 

On the other hand, the believer accepts the 
idea of God, as presented in the Word of Divine 
Truth. Faith recognizes the God of the Bible as 
the Supreme Ruler of the universe, — the Creator 
of all things,— the Framer of our bodies and the 
Father of our spirits. Faith unhesitatingly ac- 
cepts and relies upon his Word. Faith is a sim- 
confiding trust in that Word. Faith finds its 
only poBBible manifest expression in an implicit 
obedience to all the requirements of that Word. 

It is impossible that faith can be divorced 
from works, from obedience to the commands of 
God. How else cau faith be shown? " Show me 
thy faith without thy works, and I will show thee 
my faith by my worke." JameB 2: 18. What 
more sensible proposition than that! " Faith 
without works is dead, being alone," says the 
Apostle James, 2: 26. 

Faith, then, is not some subtle, intangible 
thing, some shadowy, indefinable essence, which 
the mind cannot comprehend, or grasp, and 
which cannot be described or explained, but, 
like Egyptian darkness, must be felt; but on the 
other hand, ia an active, living power, a vital 
principle, a spiritual force, permeating man's 
being, and iLiiaeucing his conduct and life. 

Faith, then, instead of the mysterious thing, 
¥oTn^cra^_repr°j^oV f ^V/.% w i- > tei^11.,a ven; VT2I$fi 
thing. It might not be inaptly defined, as just 
taking God at his word. Unbelief demands a 
reason, wants proof When God speaks, faith 
does not stop to reason, — accepts without asking 
further evidence, believes because God says so. 

Noah set to work on the ark without stopping 
to reason about the case. Indeed, all the deduc- 
tions of human reason, all the resources of hu- 
man Bcience, all the experience of mankind, were 
against the possibility of the coming flood. It 
was a problem more difficult of solution than the 
fabled riddle of the spihnx. But Noah did not 
attempt its solution. He went immediately to 
work, to prepare for the coming day of evil. By 
this conduct, this expression of faith, "he con- 
demned the world, and became heir of the right- 
eousness which is by faith." Heb. 11: 7. The 
conduct of Moses, in refusing the sceptre of 
Egypt, and casting in his lot with that of his de- 
BpiBed countrymen, in their bitter and hopeless 
bondage, was the quinteesence of folly, in the 
eye of human reason. 

As the Bon of Pharaoh's daughter, what a bril- 
liant and magnificent future was before him! 
Worldly honors, — such as few men have ever had 
showered upon them, unlimited power, — vast and 
inconceivable wealth, — beyond that, even, of Crce- 
bus, King of Lydia. A court of unrivaled pomp 
and splendor, such was the prospective grandeur 
which Moses refused to accept. Furthermore, 
at death, as the King of Egypt, his body would 
have been preserved, through countless cycles of 
time, by a process so subtle, an art bo sublime, 
that the mouldering finger of decay should have 
no power to mar its beauty, or crumble it to duBi 
And what & funeral pageant would have accom- 
panied his sacred remains to their final resting 
place on earth! Lastly, his name would have 
been recorded among the demi-gods of Egypt, 

aud placed side by side, with those of Ibis and 
Oaiup, the ancient deitiea of that wonderful land. 

What brilliant prospects, what glittering temp- 
tations were these! And what did MoseB receive 
in exchange for these things, for the loss of that 
fame, whose fumes are said to be frankincense to 
human thought? What reward for this marvel- 
ous exhibition of self-abnegation unparalleled in 
the annals of the world? This is what Moses re- 
ceived in exchange: A life of thanklesB toil, of 
anxiety, responsibility and care. A life of priva- 
tion, — self-denial-privation, — of worry, vexation 
and strife with a peevish, ungrateful, discontented, 
repining people. It was his lot to carry all this 
burden through life, and, at last, to die an exile 
from that "promised land" whose soil his feet 
were forbidden to tread. And yet, sad as is this 
picture of the after-life of this remarkable man, 
Moses was honored both in life and death as no 
other man ever has been honored. He was the 
oompanion of God. He talked with Jehovah day 
by day; through him God talked to the children 
of Israel, and at the hands of Moses gave them 
his law. No other man ever reached the termi- 
nus of a long life, beBide Moses, free from the 
infirmities of old age, his eye undimmed, and his 
strength unabated. He reached the end of life's 
journey at a good old age. He died in the full 
exercise of the faculties, both of his body and 

ind, and waB honored, in his death, as no other 
man ever has been, for God buried Moses. 

There have been many grand funeral pageants 
on the earth. Kings have been borne, on the 
shoulders of other kings, to their last, long, 
dreamless sleep. The Duke of Wellington, a 

" England's greatest son, 
Who fought an hundred fights, 
And never lost an English gun! " 

Was laid away in Westminster Abbey, among; 
British kings, and men of high renown, with all 
\,ue coBtly woe of a mignty nation, Voaymg -.x 
highest honors, with lavish hands, upon the bier 
of its illustrious dead. 

11 Bury the great Duke with an Empire's lamentation I " 

The world, perhaps, never witnessed a grander, 
a more imposing funeral pag*eant than that 
which attended the ceremonies of removing the 
remains of Napoleon Bonaparte from the Island 
of St. Helena. The streets of Paris were draped 
in black. Vast crowds of people, Buffused with 
grief, thronged the sidewalks. The gorgeous 
hearse, containing the body of the Emperor, 
drawn by twelve sable steeds, crowned by tall, 
nodding plumes of deepest black, presented an 
impressive scene. Behind these came the Impe- 
rial troops, with reversed arms; the long, inter- 
minable line of coBtly carriages, glittering with 
silver, and draped in deep funeral black, the sad 
strains of martial music, the murfied drums, the 
mournful cadence of the " Dead March, " the 
measured, stately, solemn tread of dense files of 
infantry, the gorgeous cavalry, the grim bat- 
teries of light field artillery, all combined to 
form one of the most imposing spectacles on 
earth. It is said that Sergeant Hubert, one of 
the devoted soldiers, who shared Napoleon's ex- 
ile, watohed by the lonely grave of his great 
leader, on that sterile, rock-ribbed island, for 
nineteen years. 

What a spectacle of devotion was that! The 
splendor of Gen. Grant's funeral cortege has nev- 
er been equaled on the Continent of America. 
But the death and bnrial of Moses, in grandeur 
and majesty, surpassed all others since creation's 
dawn. No pageant of earthly glory ever equaled 
this. The hands that framed the universe hol- 
lowed out hia unknown grave. His pall-bearer 
was the King of kings and the Lord of lords. 
God Almighty, Jehovah himself, laid the body of 

Jan. 3, 1&3 


Moses, his honored servant in the grave. No 
human foot has ever profaned that sacred spot. 
The eternal eye of God alone watches, through 
the drifting years, the hallowed tomb where Mo. 
see sleeps. 

These illnstrionB examples, set forth in Holy 
Writ, show us, "in these last days," the nature 
and the operation of faith. They were written 
for our eDBamples. There are many things con- 
tained in the Scriptures of Divine Truth, which 
the finite mind cannot grasp. There are many 
things, set forth therein, which we cannot com- 
prehend, which no human reason can fathom. 

National Military Home, Kans. 



verted, strengthen thy brethri 

"When thou 
Luke 22: 32. 

Peter had left his home, his boats and nets, 
and, for several years, faithfully followed his won- 
derful MaBter. He himself had preached to the 
lost sheep of the house of iBrael, that the king- 
dom of heaven was at hand, and in his Master's 
name, had performed miracles. He had walked 
with Jesus over the hills and through the val- 
leys of Jndea, and listened, enraptured, to Ihe 
teaching of him who spake as never man spake. 
He was one of the favored three, admitted into 
the silent chamber of death, where Jairua' daugh- 
ter lay in slumber so deep that her friends 
mourned her for dead, and there he heard the 
thrilling tones of his Master, which called her 
back to life again. He was also one of the three 
whom Jesus took with him up into the mountain, 
to see the overpowering glory of the transfigura- 
tion. He was the only one whose zeal and devo- 
tion were not awed into Bilence by that Bublime 
..j.osta-.le. He was the first of the disciples be 
exclaim, " Thou art the Christ, the Son of the liv- 
ing God," and " Thou hast the words of eternal 
life." To him alone, of all the apoBtles, were 
promised the keys of the kingdom of heapen, 

In view of all these ihiDgs, one would surely 
think that Peter was a converted man, but the 
language of Jesus makes it clear that he was not. 
" When thou art converted " proves that a time 
was coming when Peter would be converted, bat 
that time was still in the future. There is also 
evidence in the life of Peter to show that he was 
not a converted man at the time this language 
was used, which occurred ]ust before Jesus was 
betrayed into the hands of sinners. He had long 
been a follower of Jesus, but had not yet learned 
the nature of the kingdom he had come to establish, 
much less partaken of the spirit which rules that 
kingdom. He still looked on him who could 
open the eyes of those who were born blind, and 
raise the dead to life again, as an earthly king, 
who had come to re-establish the kingdom of an- 
cient Israel, with glory and magnificence, sur- 
passing even that of the reigns of David and Sol- 
* onion. He believed it should be a kingdom in 
which physical strength and power would rule, 
and one which could never be subdued or pass 
away. He still retained this view when he drew 
hie sword to defend his MaBter from the soldiers. 
He had desired to be one of the greatest in that 
kingdom, or, at least, was offended because others 
wished to be greater than he. 

Peter's loud boasts, in time of apparent securi- 
ty, were no evidence of his conversion. Jesus 
knew that it was easy to say, " Though all men be 
offended because of thee, yet will I not be offend- 
ed," Matt. 26: 33, and "I am ready to go with 
thee to prison and to death." Luke 22: 33. In 
spite of these promises, the Boldiers had no soon 
er led Jesus away, than Peter, who had ever fol- 

lowed close on his Master's steps, followed afar 
off. When he reached the high-priest's palace, 
he sat with servauts and "common people, trying 
to appear as one of them, so that he could see 
what they would do with his Master, and yet not 
endanger himself. When they acouBed him of be- 
ing a follower of Jesus, he denied it, — denied it 
three times, — said he did not know the man, and 
cursed and swore. If he had been a oouverted 
man, he would never have thought of cursing and 

All these things plainly prove that Peter was 
not at this time a converted man, although he 
had followed Jesus for many years. But when 
the tender, reproachful eyes rested upon him 
after he had loudly denied him, he remembered 
that Jesus had said unto him, " Before the cock 
crow, thou shalt deny me thrice." Then he went 
out and wept bitterly. The look which Jesus 
gave him, brought him to himself aud made him 
repent of what he had done, and caused him to 
weep bitterly, and this weeping opened his ^yes 
to his real condition, and brought on the conver- 
sion of his heart, which made him a changed man. 
That the Son of God was willing to leave the 
shining courts of heaven and come down on this 
low ground of sorrow, and live and suffer and die 
that ainners might be reconciled to God, is, the 
greatest example of unselfish love, of puro un- 
selfishness, that even God could conceive. This 
self-denial, this unselfishness, this forgetting of 
all self and self-interest for the good of otln 
the very ground-work on which all true religion 

to them: When thou art converted, strengthen 
thy brethren. 

If we examine ourselves and find that we, like 
Peter, have been following Jesus and yet are not 
thoroughly converted, we, too, should turn away 
from the world and weep bitterly " with a godly 
sorrow that worketh repentauce to salvation not 
to be repented of." 2 Cor. 7:. 10. 

Akron, Ind. 

THE TWO THOROUGHFAKES.-Matt. 7: 13, 14. 

There are many highways to-day. Many 
thoroughfares center in every city. City \s joined 
ity, country to country, and nations are 
crossed in every direction with prominent high- 

The Appian Way, leading south-east from 
Borne, was 360 miles long, 2-1 feet wide, and 
paved with hexagonal blocks. Upon it were ex- 
pended the treasures of a whole empire. 

But these two thoroughfares, over which the 
entire human family intuit pass, aro vastly great- 
er than all earthly ones combined. Their cost ia 

Tho way that leads to the left was built by a 
false architect at the cost of untold misery, in- 
comprehensible suffering, and the loss of life 

But tho way that leads to the right was built 
by Christ, our Savior. It waa hewn from the 

Rock of Ages " and " cemented with the blood 

is based. Indeed, the life and teachings of Christ £ Calvary." 

exemplify this more than anything else. To be Both of these ways take thoir beginning at the 

converted to Christ is to become like him in this B ame place, but where they end, they are as far 

humble self-denial, and having regard for the apart as the East from the West, and there is a 
welfare of others. I fixed and impassable gulf between them. 

To bring about this true conversion, it is nee- Each way ia .broad enough and ample enough 

essary that tho spirit of selfishneBB be driven out for all, yet men have it within thefr own pr>wer 

of the heart,, its chambers swept and garnished, 
and the spirit of Christ taken in its. stead. If we 
have the spirit of Christ within us, it will lead us 
in the aame path, of humility, love and kindness 
that it led him. 'Peter's after-life and preaching 
proves that he was then continually led- by the 
same spirit that ever led his Master. 

From this text we learn that it is possible that 
we may have faith in Christ, obity his command- 
ments and follow him in his ordinances, or even 
preach him as Peter did, and yet not be converted 
The question, then, should come home 
to each one of us, "Am I really converted?" Do 
we, by our lives and aotions, deny Jesus? If we 
do, we are not converted. Do we associate with 
the world, and, by our conversation and appear- 
ance, endeavor to be just like them, so that they 
ay never suspect that we are disciples of Jesus? 
If we do, wo are not converted, for the true Chris- 
tian will let his light shine wherever he may be. 
Do we follow him afar off, as Peter did, trying to 
keep bo far away that no one will suspect that we 
are following him, and yet have a vague desire of 
getting where he is? If so, wo are only strag- 
glers, and not truly converted soldiers of Christ. 

Do we desire to be great, to win fame and hon- 
or, and would we. rather Bee the cause of Christ 
suffer than to let any one else become greater, 
stronger in the Lord and more useful than we? 
If we do, then we have not driven out the spirit 
of self and taken in the spirit of Christ, and 
therefore we cannot be truly converted. Some- 
times those, who have been set apart to minister 
in holy things, ao far forget their high calling 
that, instead of preaching Christ and his Gospel, 
which is able to make men wise unto salvation, 
they preach about themselves, what great things 
they have done and can do. Then we think of 
how Peter boasted when there was no danger vis- 
ible, and how fittingly the words of Jesua apply 

to decide which they desire, aud they are doing it. 

This divergence of the ways begiue at the age 
of accountability. Thue far they have been one, 
the way that leads to the right. Youth is inno- 
cent, joyous and pleasant. But, while passing 
along life's way, we soon come to where there aie 
two ways, and we must decide which we will 
ohoose for our life's journey. Here we behold 
two aigns. One says, " The Only Way to the 
Land of Bedlah." The other is, "The Only 
Way to the Land of Pleasdre and of Wondeb. 
Here are, also, two angele, one of light and one 
of darkness. They explain the meaning of the 
Bigus. The angel of light says the way that leads 
to the right has a "etrait gate" and is a "narrow 
way," but promises divine comfort, divine direc- 
tion, divine protection, triumph in death, and " a 
home beyond the tide." 

The angel of darkneBS quickly speaks thus, 
" This has a ' wide gate ' and ia a ' broad way.' 
There are plenty of pleasure resorts and wayside 
parks, — go where you please, do what you please, 
and there is always plenty of jubilee music to 
entertain the travelers." And then, if he hesi- 
tates in deciding, the angel of darkness adds, 
"Both ways lead to the same place,— Death 1" 
Bnt, ah, how deceiving! To the one death is a 
transforming power from a life of toil to a life of 
everlasting joy, peaoe, and happiness, while to 
the other traveler it is a transforming power 
from a dying life into a living death. 

Let the reader now picture to himself a travel- 
er as he enters upon the left way. How timid at 
first, then how careless and frivolous, next, his 
company, then his real fight with conscience. 
At first conscience smites him so hard that he 
feels sorry he ever engaged in such a contest, bnt 
it is not a " Godly sorrow that worketh repent- 
ance." The contest grows fiercer as the journey 
continues until he makes a final stand, and in the 


Jan. 3, 1693. 

fierce combat conscience is knocked down and 
trampled. Then, in the flash of victory, he 
stabs his victim, and waving the blood-stained 
dagger above his head, he proclaims himself vic- 
tor. Then all restraint is gone and he rushes 
heedlessly forward until he comes to a precipice, 
over which he leapB into the dark, and ie gone. 

Other travelers are often more concerned about 
their welfare, and in their musings they behold 
a great mansion. On it, in glowing letters, is 
painted, " Full Particulars of the Great Be- 
yond." It is the home of philosophers. 

But learned men have often lectured on the 
composition of the stars and swept the celestial 
domeB with their telescopes and have not found 
the "Bright and Morning 8tar." Mathemati- 
cians have solved the mysteries of the ancients 
and oompnted the distance from sun to sun, yet 
have failed to count "What doth it profit a man 
if he gain the whole world and lose his own 
soul?" Many have read the best literature, 
studied it critically, even the Bible, yet have 
failed to "read their title clear to mansions in 
the skies." Botanists have analyzed flowers from 
shore to shore, but have not found the true 
"Rose of Sharon and Lily of the Valley." As 
the Spaniards sought in the Southern States the 
fountain of youth, so do men to-day, but miss the 
" Bread and Water of Life." They have sought 
for a talisman and have not found the " doors of 
heaven." Many have traveled the African jungle 
and climbed the steep aBcent of Mt. Blanc, but 
have not gone through the Garden of Geth 
semane and triumphed upon Mt. Calvary. They 
have worked marvelouB cures, but have not 
raised themselves from the dead. They have 
hovered about the earth, but have not, on the 
(inietness and stillness of the morning, lifted 
themselves from this sinful earth info those ce- 
le^ial regions from whoa© banrno no traveler has 
ever retimed to tell of its mysteries. 

Many ways lead out from this house, some of 
whioh are Skepticism, Infidelity, Agnosticism, 
Positivism, Pantheism, Materialism, and a host of 
other " isms," but all lead to the river of death, 
far below the angelio ferry. And this ferry can 
never be reached from this place. Death is the 
reservoir of the past. 

Now behold the splendor of the way that leads 
to the right. Let me show it you by the St. Ber- 
nard Pass in the Alps. It goes over deep 
ohasms, on bridges where the dizzy height oanses 
one to hold his breath in wonder and amazement 
It leads under the projecting rock, by the steep 
precipice, and through tunnels adrip with the 
melting glaciers, and then opens out in a beanti- 
ful view of the lovely valleys, clothed with flow- 
ers, showing traces of the Divine brush. 

This is, indeed, a magnificent way. It was 
built by the King's Son, our Redeemer, who paid 
for it himself on Calvary's rugged brow. To the 
pilgrims passing over this way, Divine direction 
is given in passing the by-ways that lead to the 
k/'.— Divine protection in passing by "Doubting 
Castle" and "Giant Despair." Divine comfort 
helps us over the " Slough of Despond " and di- 
vine grace at the river of death. 

If one departs from this way, he must return 
by the valley of humiliation and repentance. 
But there is no danger of such departure if he 
will but continue looking at the Great Light at the 
end of the way. Every one knows that in going 
toward a light his pathway is lighted, but as soon 
as he turns his back to the light, he walks in his 
own shadow and is liable to fall. 

This light might be compared to the light- 
house which stands upon a rocky reef, to warn 
the sailors of rocks in the time of storm and fog. 
Many hear the ringing of the fog-bells, the beat- 
ing of the surge, and roaring of the breakers, yet 

they heed them not. Oh, my unconverted friend 
" harden not your heart," for " the night Cometh 
when no man can work." 

The reader can now very easily compare the 
two ways and the multitudes passing over each. 
The one is a noisome crowd, — we hear the 
shouting, beating of drums, blowing of horns, 
fighting, gambling, racing and rushing forward, 
pell-mell into the yawning gulf at the left hand 
of God. The other is a meek and quiet company, 
charitable and willing to help the weak and fal- 

Beloved, be faithful, so that at the last day we 
may be permitted to wear a robe of pure white, 
and a crown of gold, to wave the palm of victory, 
and shout the triumphant choruB,— the song of 
Zion, — as we sweep through the gates into the 
Golden City. 

Oreencastle, Ind. 

By an arrangement made between Mt. Morris 
College and the College at McPherson, Eld. Dan- 
iel Vaniman will give a series of discourses at 
Mt. Morris, and Eld. J. G. Eoyer will labor at 
McPherson. Eld. I. D. Parker has also been 
secured as one of the speakers, besides the in- 
structors from the College. 

The instruction will be given free, Furnished 
rooms and boarding in the vicinity will be S3 per 
week. Make your arrangements in time to come. 
Do not think yon are not prepared to come. 
Write for a place of boarding to our business 
manager, J. H. Peck, or 8. Z. Sharp, Pres. 

A Voice from the West. 


t thou eccst, and send ft u 

c churches." 

"Church News solicited tor thla Department, II yon have had a 
good meeting, send a report ol It. bo that others may rejoice with yon. 
in writing give name ol church, County and State. Be b:iel. Notes of 
Travel ihould be as ehort as possible. Land Advertisements are not so- 
licited lor this Department. We have an advertising page, and, II neces- 

The Bible Normal Course, McPherson College, Kane. 

The extraordinary interest manifested in this 
course during the past two years, and the eager 
desire of those to return again, who have been 
with us, have encouraged us to put forth addi- 
tional efforts to make this year's Bible instruction 
more efFective than ever before. The course has 
been extended and additional instructors engaged. 
It will embrace the following topics: 

I. Old Testament Studies. 

1. "Geography of the Bible." 

2. " Land of tire Bible." 

3. " History of the Bible." 

4. "The Bible from God-" 

5. "How to Study the Bible." 

II. New Testament Sltidics. 

1. The Four Gospels. 

2. The Life of Christ in Seven Periods, embrac- 

(«) Preparation, 
(i) Preliminary work, 
(r) His main work. 
Id) His closing work, 
(c) His trial. 
(./) Death. 
(g) Resurrection and ascension. 

III. Sunday-school Teachers' Course. 

r. "Teachers' Qualifications." 

2. "Teachers' Preparation." 

3. " Principles of Instruction." 

4. " Methods of Instruction." 

IV. Principles of Reading as Applied to the 
Bible and Hymn Book. 

V. Miscellaneous. — Sunday-school and church 

VI. Sermons and Lectures. — The following is a 
partial list of topics: 

1. Conversion. 

2. The Office of the Holy Spirit. 

3. Church Ordinances. 

(n) Subject and Design of Baptism. 
(4) Mode of Baptism. 
(■■) Feet-washing, etc. 

4. The Church. 

0) Place, (1) local; (2) general; (3) militant. 

{/') The Ministry, (1) Call and preparation ; (2) Relation 
of the minister to the church 5(3) to the Sunday- 
school; (4) Ministers' Inner life; (5) Ministers' 
outer life, etc. 

6. Church Government. 

6. The Testimony of Science to the Truth of 
the Bible. 

Deo. 3, 1 met with the members of Fredonia in 
ohurch-meeting. Bro. John Wise and I were 
called to assist the church in settling some diffi- 
culties, and considerable business came before the 
meeting, but everything was disposed of in a 
Christian spirit, and, we trust, for the peace and 
prosperity of the church. Sunday afternoon, 
Dec. 4, 1 went to the Independence church to so- 
licit funds for the maintenance of the " Aged Per- 
sons, Infirm and Orphans' Home." I preached 
Sunday evening to a large congregation of at- 
tentive hearers. We also had meetings on Mon- 
day and Tuesday evenings. Three came out from 
the world and expressed a desire to walk with the 
people of God. One wbb baptized Tuesday, and 
the other two were to be baptized on Wednesday. 
Bro. Caleb Fogle closed a series of meetings on 
Sunday, Dec. 4, south of Havana, in Chatauqua 
County. Two were added to the faithful by baptism 
at this place, making six added to the Independ- 
ence ohurch within a month. Two others desired 
to come, but I was informed that their parents ob- 

The brethren and sisters seem to be much in- 
terested in the success of the " Home," as far as I 
have been in soliciting. I think onr brethren and 
Bisters, who are able, should endow the " Home " 
with sortie of their means, which God has en- 
trusted to them. " He that giveth to the poor, 
lendeth to the Lord," and, " Inasmuch as ye did 
it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye 
have done it unto me." " The poor you have al- 
ways with you, and whensoever ye will, ye may do 
them good." Could we but realize the comfort 
and enjoyment we may afford our aged and infirm 
fathers and mothers, who have fought a good 
fight, and have borne heavy burdens, we would 
freely supply their earthly needs. I am fully per- 
suaded our Home would be amply provided for. 

No preventing Providence I expect to visit and 
solicit as many of the churches and members of 
South-eastern Kansas as possible, and hope that 
our dear brethren and sisters will be ready to re- 
spond liberally to this noble enterprise. Let all 
give endowment notes who can. 

Chas. M. Teabodt. 
Westphalia, Kans., Dec. 11. 

From Locke, Ind. 

The Union Center church assembled in council 
Dec. 10, and disposed of its business in love and 
harmony. At the close of the services three 
bright young sisters, all in their teens, presented 
themselves for baptism. This caused much re- 
joicing. These sisters were surrounded with good 
influence at home and enjoyed the benefits of 
Sunday-school and church, from childhood. As 
a consequence the allurements of the world did 
not satisfy them, and without any speoial effort 
for their conversion, they came and made mani- 
fest the longings of their hearts. Why is this 


not the case with thousands more of onr Breth- 
ren's children? Canyon tell? J.E.Miller. 

Dec. 13. 

Remakes. — This qnestion certainly deserves 
attention. We cannot solve the problem to onr 
own satisfaction, though we have a few thoughts 
of onr own. Are there not those of large experi- 
ence, who could aid parents with their counsel? 
—Ed. ^ 

From Nebraska 

Br order of the Distiet Mission Board I left 
home Nov. 2 for Crawford. From there I was 
taken twelve miles North-west into Sioux County, 
where there is a little band of the Father's chil- 
dren, without a resident minister. They have 
been assembling in prayer-meetings, but are de- 
pendent on the Mission Board for preaching. I 
held five pleasant meetings here, and then pro- 
ceeded eastward bb far as Rnshville. Here I 
made a short visit with the Rush Valley church. 
They have two resident ministers. We enjoyed 
several meetings with the dear members at that 
point. Winter being near at hand, I hurried on 
to Orooksfcoa, in O'rsrry County, where I arrived 
Nov. 15, and found the lambs of this little fold 
(five in number), all well, and enjoying their 
short membership in the church very much 
Here we thanked God and took courage. Last 
July the first sheaves were gathered in here. 
Now there are five, and a good prospect for a 
further extension of the borders in the future. 
We enjoyed eight meetings with the members, 
and the kind neighbors, and feel assured that onr 
labors were not all in vain. 

From h9re I proceeded eastward again, as far 
as Bassett, in Rock County, where there is still a 
remnant of what was onoe a well-organized church, 
but a number moved away, and death removed 
some, so that only a few remain, with Bro. W. L. 
Boyd for their minister. They are isolated, and 
had not been visited by any members for two 
years, so, when they heard of my coming, they 
looked forward for a love-feast to be held, while I 
should remain. But that was not convenient, as 
they are considerably scattered and winter has 
now set in with considerable rigor. 

From exposure in traveling I had taken a severe 
cold, so, on Friday morning, Nov. 25, I was taken 
to the railroad in a severe Bnow-storm, and at 8:30 
I started homeward. By eleven o'clock at night 
I arrived at home, having traveled just 300 miles 
since I left Bassett. After traveling about 150 
miles, we appeared to outride the snow-storm, and 
the ground was clear and the weather pleasant. 

It would be very desirable to have several min- 
isters locate in this North-western country, for, 
besides Crawford and Crookston, where there 
are no resident ministers, there is aleo a little 
baud of eight or ten members left without a min- 
ister, in, what was once, the Niobrara church 
abont twenty miles south of Hay Springs, ii 
Sheridan County. 

These points are quite distant from the main 
body of the Brethern in Nebraska, and to visit 
these isolated parts, takes considerable time and 
incurs quite an expense on the Mission treasury, 
and to neglect them, is to expose them to the 
inroads of the adversary, and the lambs, for whom 
Jeans died, will fall a prey to the enemy again. 
Truly, "the harfestiB great and the laborers few." 
Jesse Y. Heoklir 

From the Greenland Church, Grant Co., W. 7a. 

OoR feast was held Oct. 15 and 16. Brethren 
D. B. Arnold, Tobias and Jonas Fike, Isaac Ab- 
ernatby, R. Baker, and Frank Nine were the min- 

isters present. One hundred and twenty-five 
members communed. We had one of the most 
enjoyable feasts we ever attended. One dear Bis- 
ter was received by baptism. 

Brethren Tobias and Jonas Fike held a series 
of meetings about two and one-half miles weBt of 
the church, and four dear members were receive! 
by baptism during the week following our feast. 
Bro. Tobias left during the meetings for another 
field of labor. Oct. 23 Bro. Jonau Fike com- 
menced preaching at the Jordan's Run school- 
house. During that meeting Bro. Tobias re- 
turned, and they labored earnestly for several 
days, with four applicants for baptism. Just 
when the interest wbb growing, they were called 
home to attend the funeral of their only earthly 
sister, who died very suddenly during their meet- 
ing. Three of these applicants were baptized by 
Bro. J. P. Oosner on the fourth Sunday in Oc- 

The members were unwilling to have the results 
of the Brethren's labors lost, and asked them to 
return and complete the work. Accordingly, on 
Nov. 26, brethren Tobias Fike and R. Baker be- 
gan a series of meetings at the game place, and 
continued until Dec. 1, with sev.n applicants for 
membership, who were received into the church 
Dec. 2. At the same time four, who had wandered 
from the fold, were reoeived as members. Dur- 
ing these meetings quite a gloom was oaBt over the 
community by the death of Bro. Thomas Burgess. 
Our brethren preached his funeral Dec. 1. Bro. 
Burgess was one of our staunch members whose 
loss will be felt. Dec. 2 these same brethren be- 
gan preaching at the Burgess school-house, and 
preached four sermons. Two dear sonls were re- 
ceived by baptism. This adds twenty-one bouIb 
to our fold since our feast. Our Brethren then 
left us. May God reward them for their labors 
among us I They labored very earnestly and zeal- 
ously for us. Others are considering very se- 
riously whetherifc is profitable to remain out in the 
cold world. We hope to report other additions 
soon. Brethren, pray for net Dennis Clark. 
Maysville, W. Va. 


From the Brothers' Valley Congregation, Pa. 

We had onr quarterly council on Easter Mon- 
day, April 18. At this meeting we received two 
brethren back to the fold again, who had 
strayed off with the Holsinger faction. After that 
we elected a corps of officers for the year. It 
was determined at this meeting to hold a love- 
feaBt at the Grove church on Sunday evening, 
May 8, at i P. M. We had onr church meeting 
on Saturday, April 30. The visiting brethren re- 
ported all in love and union, with one exception. 
A sister, formerly belonging to the Reformed 
church, made application for membership and was 

On Saturday, the eighth, two more sisters were 
received by confession and baptism. The love- 
feast was largely attended by surrounding congre- 
gations. Ministerial assistance was. ample. Eld. 
Silas Hoover officiated. 

Oot. 1 we had a church meeting preparatory to 
our fall love-feast. The churoh was reported as 
being in love and union. At this meeting a 
brother was received by baptism. 

A love-feaBt was held Oct. 10, at i P. M. with 
a fair representation of members. The order 
about the house was not so good as on former oc- 
casions. Eld. Valentine Blongh officiated. Dec. 
10 we had another quarterly chorch meeting. A 
sister was admitted into the church by confession 
and baptism. She was, at one time, a member of 
the Lutheran church. J. J- Blauoh 

Berlin, Pa., Dec. 1:. 

From Washington, D. C. 

A few days ago I received a message from a 
friend living within a square and a half of my 
place, stating that I should call upon him at my 
earliest convenience, as he was an invalid and 
could not call on me. I went at once, and, no 
donbt, it will prove as interesting and surprising 
to moBt of the Gosi'EL Messenger family as it 
was to me, to learn that this gentleman is a grand- 
son of Alexandor Mack, Jun. He has writings in 
hi i possession, containing the signatures of Alex- 
ander Mack, Sen,, and Alexander Mack, Jun. He 
and his wife both seem to manifest quite an inter- 
est in the " German Baptist Church " and made 
many inquiries as to the present condition and 
practice of the ohurcb. They are members of the 
Episcopal churoh. The work here is moving 
along, I think, as well as could be expected, all 
things considered, but it will take considerable 
time to bring about deBired results. The mem- 
bership here is small,— much less than I had ex- 
pected,— but under the blessings of God, we trust 
that we may be able, at no distant period, to Bee a 
favorable growtli. I will have more to report soon. 
Brethren, pray for nsl W. M. Lyon. 

303 Sixth St., Dec. 13. 


(CondHdtd from First Pagi.) 
perity has attended all of onr schools, so that 
they are slowly, but surely, growing to be a 
power for good. As these grow and are felt, 
they become harbingors for other forceB, needed 
in the great work of saving a sin-ruined world. 

The Mission Work is not only growing, but it 
is being greatly blessed, and thus being blessed, 
is blessing the world more profusely with the 
light of the Gospel. New ohurchee T>re being or- 
ganized, houses built, and sonls gathered into the 
fold. The Lord, through the instrumentalities of 
man, is opening the hearts of onr people, and do- 
nations and endowments are pouring in from all 
the churohes, so that the small stone, started only 
a few years ago, has been rolling and gathering 
as it rolls. Let us keep it going! 

The same may be said of the Traot Work, send- 
ing its white-winged messages of truth, and as a 
Baptist, to prepare the minds and hearts of the 
people, to hear and accept the living messages, as 
they go to gather in the sheaves. Has not the 
Lord been doing wonderful things for his people 
during the year that is now passing, — gone? 
Yes, truly, it has been a year of blesBingsl 

But we are not done yet. Another child has 
been born into a more active life. Look at the 
Homes for the Orphans and the Aged that are 
now looming up as altars for acceptable sacrifices 
unto the Lord, north and south, east and west. 
The Ark may move slowly, but if we are humble 
and faithful, it will surely move onward. 

Yes, a loving farewell to the old year, eighteen 
hundred and ninety-two, and the Lord forgive 
onr short-comings, and bless the work we have 
done! Fare thee well I 

To the new year we extend a most hearty wel- 
come, and as it comes, we pray that, with it, may 
come the richest blessings of the Master. As we 
go forth, may we accept the words of Joshua 
to his people, "Be strong and very courageous for 
there is yet much land to conquer." With our 
enlarging possibilities, still greater responsibili- 
ties are weighing down upon us, and only by a 
grasping faith and unflinching trust can we meet 
them. And with this we extend to one and to all 
our New Year's greeting. God bless you ! 


Jan, 3, 18S3. 

Missionary and Tract Work Department. 

a as he purposeth In 
let Mm give. Not 
ol necessity, 'or the 

i cheerlul giver."-* 

" Upon the fitst day ol the week, 
let every one ol you lay by him In 
■tote at God bath prospered him, 
that there be no gatherings when 1 
come."— *. Cor. 16: i. 

grudgingly o: 
Cor. q: 7- 

i according to hit ability:' " E 
"Everyman, according as he p. 
For lltlieic be first a willing mi: 
Hath, anil not affording to that 

Organization of Hissionary Committee, 

Daniel Vaniman, Foreman, 
D. L Millrr, Treasurer, 
Gm-kn B. Rover, Secretary, 

McPhereon, Kans. 

Mt. Morris, III. 

■ Mt. Morris, 111. 

Organization of Book and Tract Work. 

Dayton, Ohio. 
Dayton, Ohio. 

--All i 

Intended loi Mtsaionary Work should be sent t 
It. Morris, III. 
r Tract Work should be sent to S. Bock, Daytoi 


^"Moncymay be sent b7 Money Order, Registered Letter, or Drat'i 
on New York or Chicago. Do not send personal checks, or dralta on In- 
terior towns, as It costs a; cents tu collect them. 

^-Solicitors are requested to faithfully carry out the plan of Annual 

year ior'thc Mission and Tract Work ol the Church. 

HTNotcs lot the Endowment Fund can be had by writing to the Sec- 
retary ol cither Work. 



There are many avenues open for missionary 
labor. I wish, however, to call attention to the 
importance of missionary work at home. Our 
country is called a Christian nation, but is it 
Buch? "Do we, indeed, belong to a nation which 
is in Bubjeotion^o the spirit and will of Christ? 
On all aides of us we behold gambling dens, sa- 
loons and honnes of ill-fame. Is it not high time 
that we become aroused to the great need of mis- 
sionary work at home? We need not go to India 
and China and Africa to convert transgressors to 
the Living God. We can find them in onr own 
nation; indeed we can find them in our immediate 

It is appalling to meditate npon the vast amount 
of sin, even m one large oity. Oar minds can 
scarcely comprehend its awful magnitude. Slums 
in the heart of the city, slums in the outskirts, 
slums almost everywhere. Thousands are being 
enticed, young men and young women are falling, 
and bouIb are daily drifting to eternal ruin 
Brother and sister, what are we doing to stay this 
vast increase of sin? What are we doing towards 
bringing about a reformation in the hearts and 
morals of our follow-citizens? This is a moment 
ous question. Let it go home to each one of us 
and God grant that it may meet with a willing 
response from every heartl 

I am glad to know that there are at least some 
Christian men and women, — however few, — to 
whose hearts the missionary cause is very dear. 
There are some, at least, who strive not to reveal 
their work by vain ostentation or display, but 
quietly, though determinedly, toil, and if needs 
be, suffer to accomplish missionary work at home. 
I am glad there are those, — and let us bid them 
God-speed in their high endeavor, — who are la- 
boring so devotedly to elevate the lost women of 
our nation, — seeking to convert them to God, 
striving to unlock to them the door of respecta- 
bility, that they may be admitted to honorable 
employment and earn for themselves an honest 
livelihood. Right here, my sister, is a grand av- 
enue open to us for missionary work. It may be 
that, in this respect, we can accomplish i 
than our brothers. Will we accept the work, or 

shall the fallen of our sex continue their course 
in the dark road of depravity, to stop only at the 
great judgment bar of God, where, alas, they may 
ariBe and condemn us? 

It is a mistaken idea that this Bubject should 
not be discussed amongst us,— a Badly mistaken, 
though prevalent one. If our clergy and our lit- 
erature would speak more plainly and more fre- 
quently in regard to fallen women, and fallen 
men as well, the great probability is, there would 
be less need of missionary work among such, for 
the caseB of ruined characters would, no doubt, be 
fewer. The modesty which prevents men and 
women from speaking against tfcie sin of impurity 
is a false modesty, and should, by no means, be 
encouraged among Christian people. Only the 
pure men and virtuous women, devote time and 
efforts to raise the fallen, and it only proves 
that they are pure, that ihey are honorable, that 
they are virtuous in such a superior degree that 
they do not desire to have the law of chastity vio- 
lated and desecrated. Let us blush and be 
ashamed that there is need of such work among 
U3, but of performing the work, never! 

I speak of the fallen women more particularly 
bscause they are almost universally despised and 
trodden upon; whilst our young men can sin, and 
yet retain the respect of their friends and keep 
their place in society. Even professed Christians 
will condemn the woman and forgive the man. 
This is a gross injustice and it is high time that a 
revolution were effected. It is a Btrange, aB well 
as a sad truth, that in her own sex, fallen woman 
finds her bitterest enemy.. As a rule, man is 
more relenting toward her than woman is. 

Let the pure and high regard, which we have 
for our own sex, call us to the vilest of our fallen 
sisters, and let the love which we ehould have for 
seals, strengthen us to lift them from the haunts 
of shame and lead them heavenward. 

It iB surprising how much missionary work can 
be accomplished among these poor, despised, for- 
saken ones, if we only set about it with willing 
hearts and in the proper way. I want to relate a 
little circumstance which occurred in this town. 
I am well acquainted with the missionary to 
whom I shall refer, and can therefore vouch for 
the truth of the story. I mention this case only 
to show that we need not go outside our own 
cities to find missionary work to do. 

A lady, to whose heart the mission cause is of 
much concern, walked out on an errand of mercy. 
Having learned that one of the inmates of a 
house of ill-fame wbb ill, she visited her. She 
found the woman very sick and very much agitat- 
ed, because of her unsaved condition. So this 
missionary ventured to talk to her about Christ 
and heaven and eternal life. But the woman 
warded her off with a frantic gesture and cried: 
"I tell you that neither the blood of Christ nor 
all the fire of hell can cleanse my soul of its dark 
stain. Talk to others if you will. But as for me, 
I am lost beyond all hope of pardon." But this 
missionary stayed by her and talked with her, 
and read to her and prayed for her, and at last 
succeeded in gaining the woman's confidence, and 
she related to her the history of her sine, the nat- 
ure of which was so utterly vile, that this mis- 
sionary wbb completely overwhelmed and amazed 
that a woman ooukl fall so low; and so sincere 
and deep was her pity for the wretched sinner 
that, while listening to the dark tale of woe, she 
wept the saddest tears her eyes had ever shed. 
She took that poor woman's hand in hera and 
said, " My dear sister, by the authority of Heaven, 
I declare to yon that there ia virtue enough in 
the blood of Christ to drown the vilest sins that 
ever stained the human heart." Then she read to 
her the divine promise: "Though thy sins are aB 
scarlet, they shall be whiter than snow." The 

nest day she found the sick woman repentant and 
truBtiag. A few days later, on approaching the 
house, ehe saw crape on the door. They told her 
she had died, rejoicing in the hope of heaven, and 
praying God to blesB the dear lady who had been 
her good angel. 

Thus souls are perishing on every side. If we 
do not know just where to find them, let ub ask 
our Father, and I am sure ho will reveal to us the 

But to accomplish good in this direction, we 
ust get our hearts into the work and rid our- 
selves of the egotistic feeling of "I am holier 
than thou." Let us pray for the spirit of him 
who said to the adulteress, " I forgive thee," and 
to the harlot, " Go and ein no more." 
Johnstown, Pa. 



Owing to the conditiona of society, the material 
changes taking place, and questions of practical 
importance confronting us on every side, it be- 
hooves the church to be wide-awake to any emer- 
gency, — that we do not affiliate ourselves with the 
unscriptural modes and manners of the religious 

Of late years there seems to be a more general 
union of sentiment in evangelistic work, so-called, 
by the various denominations, and now the unit- 
ed efforts of the young people of the professing 
world are assuming such a magnitude that, unleaB 
due caution is used, we may unconsciously be 
drawn into a position of questionable right. On 
the surface, at a glance, it may seem all is proper, 
but, by a careful investigation, we may discover a 
hidden snag. Union, in sentiment, with the gen- 
eral movements of the religious, world, will ulti- 
mately culminate in an abandonment of our 
Chriet-ordained doctrine, "Be not unequally 
yoked together," and of bounding into the arena 
of the " faith-alone " religions show. Evangelists, 
Christian Alliances, Christian Endeavor societies, 
and kindred movementp, work on*the line of salva- 
tion through simply a faith in Christ, regardless 
of the essentials necesaary for faith to embrace. 
They do not seem to distinguish between a moral 
reformation and salvation of the soul from sin. 

The emergency is forced upon us. In some 
places already trouble has arisen because of our 
church- honseB being opened to meetings of some 
of those societies, and our members takiDg part 
and uniting with them, Shall we abandon the 
Btrong position that the church is all sufficient 
for the needs of Christian work? We hope not. 
To unite with any other society, no matter how 
plausible the excuse, is virtually aaying, "The 
church is not complete in its requirements. 
There must be something else added by the inge- 
nuity of man." ■* 

We cannot afford to sanction anch an advance 
movement, but, as the emergency is pressing up- 
on us, what shall we do? In this, as in all eccle- 
siastical concerns, let wisdom and prudence dic- 
tate. There is no limitation in regard to the 
ehnrch'o work, only that she keep within the 
bounds of true Christianity. We know of no 
barrier that would hinder our members from 
working together, individually or collectively, for 
the upbuilding of each other and for them going 
out, through organized efforts, to bring in the 
wandering, lost sinners. But to do thiB, we see 
no excuse to leave the borders of the church 

Christ, as the individual representative of the 
divine goodness of God, worked on a line of his 
own identity, while on earth. Now, if his church 
is his body, — he so Bays it is, — let the church 


stand on its own identity in all its work. Ib it 
consistent to join in alliance with other bodies? 
We say, No. We know of congregations where 
the yonng members of the chnrch meet together 
in "Young People's Devotional Meetings," and 
encourage each other and inspire a feeling to 
help others. "What more can be gained by affili- 
ating in organizations with other bodies? JEven 
where advantages are claimed, we fear the dan- 
gers outweigh the probable advantages. We ad- 
vocate aggressive work, but let it be done in the 
line of Bafety. Obedience is better than sacrifice. 
Zeal is a good thing when directed aright, but an 
evil thing when prosecuted in the wroDg. 
Lordsburg, Cal. 



Did you ever stop to think or grasp the full 
meaning of this word, and the responsibility of it? 

There is not a person living who does not, in 
some way, either consciously or unconsciously 
have a power or influence over another. No mat- 
ter how low our station in life, we each one, in- 
dividually, have a weight or effect on some one. 

TMb fact agreed on, the question arises: What 
is my influence over others? Our lives govern 
our influence. If our lives be good, our influence 
will be for good. 

Consider a few traits of character and how con- 
tagiouB they are. Look at the cheerful person! 
Often several persons in a room may be quietly 
working in a monotonous, wearisome, gloomy 
way, when, upon the entranoe of a bright, cheer- 
fully-disposed one, at once the gloom and monot- 
ony give place to cheerfulness and the room 
seems so bright, the work less arduous and life 
brighter. Cheerfulness is an excellent wearing 
quality. It has been called the bright weather of 
the heart. To brighten the lives of those less 
fortunate than ourselves, is something to live for, 
and well worth cultivating. 

Look on the reverse scene. The people assem 
bled may be bright, joyous, merry folks, but the 
appearance of a dull, cloudy nature casts a gloom 
over all. You see both have their influence. 

Another trait of character, which has so much 
to do with others, too, is selfishness. Did you 
ever see a person who was willing to admit 
was selfish? They will, in some cases, grant they 
are close or Belfish in some things, but claim to 
be liberal in others, and that this atones for all 
else. Is it unselfishness to yield or give some- 
thing, no matter what amount or value, that does 
not cost us a sacrifice or a pang? There is truly 
no unselfishness that does not comprise self-denial, 
What can have a worse influence than selfish- 
ness, — the conduct of a person whose first thought 
is self? Can a selfish person be a Christian? A 
Christian is one who loves and follows Christ. 
Can we be followers of one who not only gave his 
time and pleasure, but even his life, and be un- 
willing to deny ourselves for the good of others? 
The Bible tells us we must die daily,— dethrone 
self daily, if we would live in Christ Jesus. 

Selfishness surely is a vice; it causes quite as 
much unhappiness as some of the so-called vices, 
and its influence is quite as plainly and painfully 
felt. This, then, is surely a trait to avoid. On 
the other hand, how many homes are made truly 
happy ones by the example and influence of the 
unselfish ones in itl 

Seeing, then, how the lives of others are b< 
closely allied to our own, how great is our re- 
sponsibility for their happiness, and not only 
their happiness here, but their happiness here- 
after! Rom. 14: 7 tells ns plainly, "For none of 
ue liveth to himself, and no man dieth to him- 

self." The wise man tells ub, "Withhold not 
good from them to whom it is due, when it is in 
the power of thiue hand to do it." 

"Hjou know what torch to light, 

Guiding others through the night, 

Light It." 

Spurgeou sayB, "The serene, silent beauty of a 
holy life is the most powerful influence in the 
world, next to the almightiness of the Spirit of 

Each human being on this earth 

Some Influence is wielding 
Upon the rest, though small his -worth ; 

It Is a law unyielding, 
And there are some whose virtues make 

Philadelphia, Pa. 


A spirit of religious incredulity, if followed, 
leads to "broad views" and "honost doubts." 
It destroys inward peace, and, with serpentine 
windings of reasoning, and bitter thought, con- 
flicts will, at the end, substitute a God of " law," 
of "force," of "system," for our "Father who art 

Thomas had " honent doubts " upon the subject 
of Christ's resurrection. The latent Sadduceeiem 
of his nature sprung into life, and he was a skep- 
tic at a time when the other disciples were filled 
with the joy and peace that is born of faith and 
trust. The nature of Thomas was cautious aud 
critical. The other discipleB would not believe 
the reports of the resurrection, given by the Gali- 
lean women, but when Peter added hie testi- 
mony, they believed, before they had seen him 
with their own eyes. Thomas, however, will not 
believe, He liked to sift the evidence and get 
down to real facte, before he would accept them 
as truths. He would not be swayed about by 
" every wind of doctrine." A matter muet be 
made dear and logical to his mind, before he 
would subscribe to it. Idealization would be a 
difficult task for him. He accepted and believed 
things which lay within the circle of his own ob- 

Nor was there any religious indifference I 
which we can ascribe his skepticism. When Ihe 
Master, at the call of the sisters of Lazarus, sa : d 
to his disciples, "Let ns go into Judea again," 
the disciples feared, for they knew that the life 
of Jesus was in danger. They ventured to rea- 
son with Christ. "Master," they say unto him, 
" the Jews of late sought to stone thee, and goeat 
thou thither again?" But he would not be dis- 
suaded. Then spake Thomas, "Let us also 
that we may die with him." He warmly and 
generously offers to lay down hie life for Jesne. 
But we can readily Bee, that, in proportion as hie 
love for the Master would impel him to make 
this supreme sacrifice, so the blow of the cruci- 
fixion would fall with stunning force; as eager as 
his hopes had been, so would be the darkness of 
his despair. 

After arguing the subject of Christ's resurrec- 
tion with the other disciples, with ingenious cas- 
uistry, he at length declares, that the grounds 
upon which they base their belief are not suffi- 
cient for him. He says, "Except I shall not on- 
ly see in his hands the print of the nails, but 
shall put my finger into the print of the nailB, 
and thrust my hand into his side, I will not be- 
lieve." The mental character of infidelity is 
warped and narrow, but when the Lord revealed 
himself unto Thomas, there was a rebound from 
the misery of antagonism and doubt, to a faith, 
purified and strengthened. Sometimes "honest 

doubts" are the reaching out of the soul unto 
God. On the ruins of his skepticism, there risea 
a faith, adoring, full and complete; he falls at the 
feet of Jesus, saying, "My Lord and my God." 

The Gospel has often been defined as glad ti- 
dings." It is infinitely more than this. It is a 
living force, a power great and wonderful, which 
will envelop the soul aud save it. It is a faot 
that it contains "mysteries," but we are com- 
manded to "have faith," and happy are we, if we 
fully trust the great "I Am." The mysteries of 
the Gospel harmonize with those of nature. The 
creation and destiny of the world have engrossed 
the attention of scientists of all ages. Do we ful- 
ly understand this to-day? Let the words come 
into your heart and mine, with startling, blessed 
significance, "Only believe; all things are possi- 
ble to him who believes." Let us be strong in 
faith, for Christianity, without the vivifying in- 
fluence of a perfect faith in God, is dead, — a mere A faith that can sing in the prison, 
remembering only the celestial mansions beyond, 
will also uphold ub when the dearest hopes of 
our life lie dead. A faith in the eternal God, 
that will not question his divine behests, will 
also enable us to walk close to him in the dark- 
ness, feeling and knowing that he is guiding ns, 
and that sometime we may lie prostrate at his 
feet, and re-echo the adoring cry of Thomas, 
"My Lord and my God." 

Mainland, Pa. 


The Ministerial Meeting for the Southern Dis- 
trict of Indiana met at the Upper Fall Creek 
ohnrch Dec. G, 18112 While there was a good at- 
tendance, it was not all we hoped for, there being 
only about one-third of the ministeia present. In 
the session of three days, the discussions were, 
for the moet part, spirited, aud many good lessons 
were imparted. The sermons of the night ses- 
sions were of a high order, and no mistake in 
their adaptation. Bro. G. L. Stndebaker, on 
"True Gospel Conversion," struck the key-note 
of the Gospel, while Bro. L. W. Teeter, on " Trine 
Immerbion," was especially strong. All points 
were of a high order and new to the hearers. 
Bro. Goshorn, on the text, " Thou gaveBt me no 
kiss," ou the last night, gave us many strong 
reasons why Christians should not disobey the 
grand institution of the holy kiss. 

At the close of the meeting the following breth- 
ren were choBen as the next Executive Committee: 
L. T. Holsinger, L. W. Teeter, Solomon Blicken- 
staff, D. F. Hoover and G. V. Goshorn. Calls for 
the next meeting were: White chnrch, Summit, 
Middle Fork and Nettle Creek. The Committee 
will probably meet at the District Meeting, and 
program, time and place of meeting selected. 

D. F. Hoover, Sec. 

"Every new need of ours is God's new oppor- 
tunity of love in our behalf; and God never miss- 
es an opportunity. If we have had a new need, 
God has put a new blessing at our disposal. If 
we see what that blessing is, let us lay hold of it 
rejoicingly; if we have so far failed to perceive 
it, let us look for it with the eye of faith. It 
may not yet be too late for us to make it our own 
by a hearty acceptance and appropriation." 

" If we wait until we have more than we want 
before beginning to give, we shall die without 
giving. But if we give out of our scanty por- 
tion to those whose need is greater than ours, 
we shall live as givers, and shall enjoy living. 
The man who only gives from his surplus never 
knows the real joy of giving." 


Jan. 3, 1893. 

The Gospel Messenger, 

A Weekly at $1.50 Per Annum. 

The Brethren's Publishing Co. 

D. L. MILLER, Editor. 

J. H. MOORE, Office Editor. 

j. B. Brumbaugh,) .... Awoclate Editors. 

J. G. Roysr, f 

JOSEPH AMICK, Business Manager. 


L. W. Teeter, A. Hutchison, Dsnlel H»y». 

The Franklin Grove church, Lee Co., Ill, re- 
cently raised over J4G for the purpose of sending 
the Gospel Messenger to the poor. 

Some articles, intended for ChrietmaB reading, 
did not reach ns until the last issue was printed, 
hence will have to be declined on account of be- 

g too late, as this issue will not be mailed till 
after OhristmaB. 

EP^Com lo ns lor publication should be legibly written with 
black Ink en 0110 side ol the paper only. Do not attempt to interline, or 
to put on one page wnat ought to occupy two. 

pyAnonymoua communications will not be published. ■ 

0S~j)o not mix business with articles tor publication. Keep your 
communications on separate sheets from all business. 

Bf-Timc la precious. Wc always have time to attend to business and 
to answer questions of importance, but plcaae do not subject us to need 
less answering ol letters. 

[yThc Messenger is mailed each week to all subscribers. II the ad- 
dress is correctly entered on our list, the paper must reach the person to 
whom it Is addressed. II you do not get your paper, write us, giving par- 

E»~ When changing your address, please give your former as well as 
your fut u ro addruss In lull, so as to avoid delay and misunderstanding. 

l3J~Always remit to the office from which you order your goods, no 

EP~Do not send personal checks or drafts on Interior banks, unless you 
send with them as cents each, to pay lor collection. 

|y Remittances should be made by Post-office Money Order, Drafts 
on New York, Philadelphia or Chicago, or Registered Letters, made pay- 
able and addressed to "Brethren's Publishing Co., Mount Morris, 111.," 
or " Brethren's Publishing Co., Huntingdon, Pa." 

HT*Entcred at the Post-office at Mount Morris, 111., as second-class 

Mount Morrli, III, 

For the want of room, much church news, in- 
tended for this issue, will have to lay over until 
next week. 

We mail this issue a little in advance, so as to 
have it reach all the subscribers by the begin- 
ning of the new year. 

Bro. I. D. Parker is booked for a series of 
meetings at the South Union house, Union Cen- 
ter congregation, Elkhart County, Ind. 

Writing from McPherson, Kansas, Bro. Sharp 
says: " One student was baptized last Sunday, 
another came out on the Lord's side to-day, 
Dec. 19." 

In numbering Bro. Miller's letters, we take up 
the old number, where he left off last year, and 
continue the numbering consecutively. Hence 
the letter in this issue is No. 25 instead of No. 3, 

From the daily press we learn that the business 
part of Oerro Gordo, 111., Buffered a severe losa by 
tire last week. We have not learned whether any 
of our Brethren were among the losers. 

Any of our readers knowing of members' chil- 
dren, or others, favorable to our people, living in 
Washington City, will send their names and ad- 
dresses to Bro. W. M. Lyon, 308 Sixth St., S. E. 
'ton, D. 0. 

Bno. Hutchison's health has improved suffi- 
ciently to permit him to be on duty again. He 
remains at Garrison, Iowa, until the middle of 
this week, then comes to Mr. Morris, to be pres- 
ent at the Bible Term. 

Some one who signs himself " A lover of the 
Trnth " sends a very interesting report of a meet- 
ing held in Dauphin County, Pa., but the article 
can not be published without the writer's name 
as a guarantee of good faith. 

Bno. I. W. Leatherman, of Conway Springs, 
Kans,, is now at Keuka, Fla., with a view of see- 
ing how he likes the Sunny South. He thinks of 
spending the winter in the State, and do some 
preaching in different localities. 

The Arnold's Grove church, Northern Illinois, 
has decided to hold the Ministerial Meeting, as 
well as the District Meeting, next spring, in the 
Brethren's meeting-house, in the City of Mt. Car- 
roll. This will make it quite convenient in case 
of bad weather. 

Under date of Dec. 10 Bro. S. F. Sanger writes: 
" We are now holding a series of meetings at Mill 
Creek, Va. Sis have come forward to enter the 
Lord's army. The meetings are to continue a few 
days longer." Since receiving the above we learn 
that the meetings closed with eight additions. 

The members of the South English church, 
Iowa, are now rejoicing over nine additions to 
the church as the result of a series of meetings 
recently held at the North church by Michael 
Flory. He is now engaged in another series of 
meetings at the South church, with fifteen addi- 
tions in all when last heard from. 

The Minutes of the District Meeting of North- 
ern Indiana have juBt been received. The Dis- 
trict is composed of thirty-seven congregations, 
and all but two were represented at the Meeting. 
No queries were sent to the Annual Meeting. 
Bro. W. B. Deeter was elected member of the 
Standing Committee. 

We are favored with a copy of the Minutes of 
the District Meeting of North-eastern Ohio. 
Considerable business came before the Meeting, 
but no queries were sent to the Annual Meeting. 
Bro. Noah Longanecker represents the District 
.on the Standing Committee. 

Bro. L. A. Neff reports a sad case of death 
from hydrophobia at Syracuse, Ind. About thir 
teen months ago young Bro. Robert Cory wai 
bitten on the wrist and arm by a dog supposed to 
have been rabid. A few days ago he went into 
convulsions and died after thirty-six hours. The 
case was indeed a sad one. The funeral was 
preached by Bro. Davis Xounce. 

In the Far West is a little band of members 
without a resident minister. Since last spring 
eleven have accepted Christ and obeyed the Gob- 

!. If this much can be accomplished by visit- 
ing ministers, what might be the result if an act- 
ive, consecrated preacher could go in and out 
among the members? Surely, there are many 
openings for faithful ministers who are willing to 
spend and be spent for the cause of Christ. 

We find it necessary to issue a supplement this 
week. In addition to Bro. Miller's first letter, 
which is republished in order that we may get it 
into the hands of thousands who have not yet 
seen it, the supplement contains muoh other mat- 
ter of interest. Do not fail to examine it with 
care. It will be found about as interesting as any 
other part of the Messenger. 

Bro. Samuel H. Baked, of Luddington, "Wis., 
,et with a very serious accident laBt month. He 
fell from the top of a new house, on which he was 
king, onto the hard, frozen ground, a distance 
of about fifteen feet, dislocating the left wriBt, 
and fracturing the upper bone just above the 
wris^. He also greatly injured his back. While 
he is improving and able to go around by the aid 
of a cane, he nevertheless craves an interest in 
the prayers of the faithful. 

The electric lights in a church 
recently went out when the minister was in the 
midst of an interesting sermon. He went right 
on with his sermon, and the large congregation 
kept their seats and listened to the discourse, Bit- 
ting in darkness twenty minutes. The circum- 
stance has prompted some one to say, " Then the 
people that sat in darkness saw a great light," 
The preacher who can thus continue his discourse, 
light or no light, is more fortunate than the one 
who was greatly interrupted because a puff of wind 
happened to blow a few pageB of his manuscript out 
of the window. The minister who has his sermon 
well-prepared and stored away in his heart and 
head, need not be disturbed by either darkness or 

Some of our brethren are writing strong arti- 
cles against secret societies. We have on the 
hook a forcible production on that subject from 
the pen of Bro. H. O. Early. That is right, 
brethren. Our people cannot afford to slacken 
their earnest efforts against oath-bound societies. 
To-day they are robbing the churches and fami- 
lies of our land. Thousands of men walk past 
the open doors of the churches, where their wives 
and daughters are praying, to enter the lodge 
with its barred doors and covered windows. Here 
they spend the time, money and talent to which 
their families and the church are justly entitled. 
When the lodge takes men from their families 
and their ohurches, and takes from their pockets 
the money that should go to the church and fami- 
ly, it is most assuredly robbing the church and 
family, and every active church worker in the 
land knows it. Certainly our people do not 
want to encourage, or even tolerate an institution 
that is robbing the church of her men and money. 

The daily press reports that starvation is 
threatened in large districts of Russia. The 
famishing peasants ate the grain that was fur- 
nished last spring for seed, consequently they 
have raised no crop and must starve unless they 
are provided for by the Government, or the char- 
itable of other lands. The crop of the country is 
unequal to this demand. This condition of 
things ought to have been foreseen and provided 
for by the Government. The nation that can 
send men to Siberia by the thousand for alleged 
treason, ought Burely to have the means and the 
power to put its starving citizens in the way of 
providing their sustenance, especially when the 
I whole world is willing to aid the humane work. 

In a letter Bro. Samuel Murray says: "Is it 
right for Brethren, in writing about the doctrine 
of the church of Christ, to say, ' The doctrine of 
the Brethren"? Have the Brethren a doctrine 
apart and different from the doctrine of Christ or 
the Gospel? If they have a doctrine differing 
from that taught by Christ in the Gospel, would 
it be right to contend for it? I think not. If we 
have only the doctrine of Christ and the Gospel, 
would it not be better to call it that in our preach- 
ing and writing? We might say, 'The doctrine 
of Christ as believed, accepted and practiced by 
the Brethren.' I would rather not hear so much 
about the ' doctrine of the Brethren.' It looks as 
though we have a doctrine of our own, separate 
and apart from the doctrine of Christ." Bro. 
Murray reasons correctly. We should call Bible 
things by Bible names as much as possible. As 
a people we have accepted the doctrine taught by 
Christ, and the more we can speak and write of 
the doctrine as coming from Jesus, the more con- 
fidence, it would seem, we have in hie Word. 

Jan. 3, 1813 


The Brethren recently held five meetings in 
the City of St. Joseph, Mo., and baptized two, 
the first ever baptized in the place by our people. 
The prospects are that more will follow. The 
congregations were small on account of a repo-.t 
being circulated that the public would not be al- 
lowed at these meetings. For city work of this 
kind it will be found very beneficial to distribute 
a little circular or a neatly-printed card, an- 
nouncing the meetings and the subjects, and in- 
vite the people to attend. 

Elsewhere in this issue Bro. Lyon relates how 
he was happily surprised by finding in Washing- 
ton City a grandson of Alexander Mack, Jr. It 
would be interesting, indeed, to learn more of the 
descendants of our ancient brother, and yet it is 
sad to think that many of them are not now iden 
tified with the church. "Within the last month 
we have learned much concerning many of the 
descendants of Eld. Christopher Sower, few, if 
any of whom are now in the church. In an early 
day they drifted from the .religion of their fa- 
thers. "We lost sight of them and they of ne. 
"We trust that more of them may be found and 
their attention called to the doctrine held by the 
church, and the condition of the Brotherhood. 
To them, as well as their kindred, a knowledge of 
us may prove both interesting and profitable. 

^ The home ministers near Daleville, Va , recent- 
ly held a series of meetings at the Franklin meet- 
ing-house, and on Dec. 10, led thirty-one persons 
into the water and baptized them. This is the 
largest number we have heard of this season be- 
ing immersed in one day. The congregation 
here referred to is near Roanoke, and it will be a 
great satisfaction to our readers to learn that the 
church is so greatly prospering in that part of 
- "Virginia. Bro. B. F. Moomaw, who has lived in 
this congregation for more than a generation, 
writes us that the scene was witnessed by a very 
large assembly of people with the very best of 
order. The thirty-one were immersed in sixty- 
four minutes. He further adds, " We are greatly 
encouraged to continue the work in other parts of 
. our church district, and ask your prayers in our 


,, A cablegram from Bro. D. L. Miller informs 
' us of the safe arrival of himself and Bro. Lsh- 
man at Cairo, Egypt, Dec. 22. They were well, 
and seem to have had a pleasant voyage from 
Italy across the Mediterranean Sea. At this 
writing they are in the land of Egypt, visiting 
the ruins of that once mighty kingdom where 
the children of Israel were held as slaves, and 
where Joseph and Moses arose from bondage to 
high political stations in life. We may expect 
some interesting letters concerning this, one of 
the most remarkable places on the globe. In ad- 
dition to the letter, now in this issue, we have two 
others on the hook. Those who have not yet 
subscribed and wish to read all these interesting 
letters, should see that their names are sent in at 



"While Bro. H. B. B., in his editorial on first 
page, takes a last look at the old year, we turn 
with much interest towards the new year, and 
the field that lies before us. 

"With this issue commences a new volume of 
the Messenger. We need say but little concern- 
ing our intentions or purposes for the future. 
The paper has been before the Brotherhood long 
enough to give all necessary confidence, and onr 
policy, as well as our principles, are known. 
Judging from the past our readers will know 

abont what to expect of us in the future. We 
are " set for the defense of the Gospel," and if 
there be any perceptible change in our policy it 
will be to adhere still more closely to the teach- 
ings of the Great Founder of Christian religion. 
His doctrine is our doctrine. His teachings and 
examples constitute our rule of faith and prac- 
tice The writings and teachings of the Bpostles 
are our creed. It is our purpose not only to re- 
spect, but to maintain iu our praotice, and defend 
in the piper, the ancient landmarks which they 
have set. In doing so we shall show all due 
respect to our Brethren and their distinctive 
features, believing that their faith and practice 
is clearly set forth in the Soriptures. 

We realize, however, that we have a great 
work before us, and need not only their counsel 
and prayers, bnt the patronage and support of 
the general Brotherhood. Our people have a 
great responsibility resting upon them. To them 
have been intrusted the words of life, and it is 
their duty to make them known to others. In this 
present confused Btate of Christendom we have a 
most important mission,— one that will require 
all of our energies and strength to exeoute. Pop- 
ular Christianity has seen proper to remove the 
the apostolio landmarks. It iB our mission to 
restore them, and show by our example, self-de- 
nial and consecration, that they can be main- 
tained, and are essential to Primitive Chris- 

On every hand we are surrounded by great 
mission fields now ready for the Gospel seed. 
There is not a State in the Union where we conld 
not use a score of active evangelists to good ad- 
vantage, For our local ministers, there is an 
abundance of work all around them. There iB no 
excuse for idle ministers in any of our congrega- 
tions. Nor is there a lack of work for the laity, 
from the least to the greatest. Every member 
may become a missionary for Jesus by a proper 
u96 of our tracts and the Messenger. Remem- 
ber, that a little tract, like a bomb shell, may be 
thrown over walls whoEe gates are closed. A 
great temperance lecturer once said of a certain 
State, that it "had to be literally covered with 
prohibition tracts and papers before the saloons 
were driven out. We may yet have to cover thiB 
land with Christian literature before much can 
be accomplished. Our tracts should be pushed 
into every corner to make openings for the truth 
There ought to be thousands of Messengers go- 
ing into as many families, paving the way for the 

(Copyright applied (or; nil ri e hl» rwerved.) 


Then every member ought to become a living 
„pistle, known and read of all men. Nothing 
could possibly advanoe the cause of Christianity 
more than this. A living, walking epistle, mov- 
ing among the children of men, would make im- 
pressions more lasting and forcible than eloquence 
or pohBhed lit srature. We have thousands of liv- 
ing epistles, but some of them are not known ss 
snch outside of their own circle of acquaintances. 
Possibly our people ought to become more ear- 
nest in their belief and acceptance of what the 
Bible teaches. We need to cultivate a Bteadfast- 
ness that will be recognized by the world aB well 
as the church. We ought to show by our zeal 
and strict adherence to Gospel principles, that we 
really do believe them. If there wbb ever a time 
when onr people should be intensely in earnest 
about our distinctive features, it is now, and we 
trust that each one will enter upon the duties of 
the new year with this feeling, and labor more 
earnestly for the spread of the Gospel and the 
maintenance of the New Testament form of wor- 
ship and religious conduct, than we have ever 
done in any former period. J - H ' Ml 

No. 25— Genoa and its Campo Santo— Pisa's Leaning 
Tower and Ancient Baptistry.— On to Rome. 
We closed our Inst letter at Genoa, one of the 
most important commercial cities of Italy, with a 
permanent popnlation of two hundred and ten 
thousand. It iB beantifully situated on the hills 
around about the bay into which more than six- 
teen thousand ships, from the di IFerent partB of 
the world, enter annually. It also has the dis- 
tinction of having been, at one time, the home of 
Columbus, the discoverer of America, the four 
hundredth anniversary of which event was recent- 
ly celebrated in the United States. The house, in 
which this distinguished navigator lived, is point- 
ed out to travelers. The city has many hand- 
some houses and villas, the homes of the Genoese 
nobility, which gives one a very good idea of the 
architecture of the past centuries. 

We spent one day in Genoa hefore going on to 
Rome by way of Pisa. The change from our own 
home life to that of Italy is a marked one. Lan- 
guage, dress, manners and CQBtoms are all so en- 
tirely different from what we are used to that we 
are reminded on every hand that we are in a for- 
eign land, that we have indeed left our own oonn- 
try and are in the Old World. It is not entirely 
new to the writer, but to Bro. Lahman it has all 
the novelty of a first experience, which, unfortu- 
nately, we can only fully enjoy once in this world. 
We start out to see something of our new sur- 
roundings, and as we leave the door of our hotel, 
we are at once accosts d by several of the nativeB, 
who have picked up a smattering of the English, 
and who are anxious to serve us in the capacity 
of guides and interpreters. They press their 
claims in a mixture of English and Italian which 
is wholly unintelligible to us. One who spoke 
EDglish fairly well, followed us a considerable 
distance, insiBting that he was a good "guida" 
and spoke " inglese vara well." We put together 
part of what he said, and here it is as it sounded 
to us: "Me Bpeeka vara good inglese, vara good 
guida. Vill Bhow you ze palais of ze great Oristo- 
fo Colombo; vill show you ze whole Genovo; only 
four francs." We concluded to risk our own very 
limited knowledge of the Italian, and bo dismissed 
our would-be guide with a polite No, and a wave 
of the hand. 

It is remarkable how well one can get along in 
a foreign land if he is acquainted with but a few 
words of the language spoken. The following in- 
cident will illustrate this point. Bro. Lahman 
wanted to purchase a trunk strap. Passing along 
the street we came to a shop where the desired 
article was seen. We walked in, pointed to the 
strap and remarked to the shop-keeper, " Quan- 
ta" (how much)? He replied, " Tre franco" 
(three francs) We paid the money, took the 
strap, and went our way. 

Only three words were used in this transaction, 
and these were all that were needed. How many 
words we waste in this world! Wolds are only 
valuable as they express ideas, and the most effect- 
ive expression, as a rule, comes from the fewest 
words, paying due deference to clearness. Minis, 
ters and writers make a great mistake when they 
fill in with words instead of ideas, and how apt 
we are to fall into this very common error! The 
reason is not hard to find: ideas 5re scarce, worda 
are plenty. 



Jau. 3, 1883. 

The Oampo Santo, literally, the Camp of the 
Saints, aa the Genoese call their cemetery, is one 
of the attractions of the city. The name is beau- 
tiful and fitting when applied to the last resting- 
place of the people of God, but no this is the one 
great burial-place of Genoa wo doubted the ap- 
propriateness of the naun-. 

The entire ground is surrounded by a bi| 
on the iriner side of which is a double row of cor- 
ridors, formed by column* which eupport the 
arched roof. The corridors are wide enough for 
double rows of graves and open out upon the cem- 
etery proper. Judging from l-ho rich and lavish 
display of decorations, only the wealthy find a 
restiDg-place in the vaults beneath the pavements 
of the corriclorp. Tho poor are laid to rest in the 
ground enclosed by the walls. 

The most profuse display ill sculptured marble, 
much of it in bad taste, bo it evemed to us, adorns 
the corridors from end to end. It is placed in 
niches in the wall and between the columns, and 
gives the interior the appearance of great galler- 
ies of sculpture. A description of a aingle group 
will give an idea of the realistic character of the 
work and ahow the taste displayed. In one of the 
large circular spaces a large sarcophagus of black 
marble, beautifully polished, is placed on a plat- 
form. On top of it stands a life-size figure of the 
dead husband and father, cut from pure, white 
marble. At one end of the coffin is the kneeling 
figure of the wife and mother; at the other end, 
that of the son, a young man of about twenty 
yearB. Both are life-size and life-like. Their c ac- 
es are the very pictures of gri^f. On the moth- 
er's eyelid trembles a tear-drop. Her modern 
dress, with her widow's lace cap and her lace col- 
lar are all exquisitely cut in the white marble. 
The son is represented in a fashionable drees suit; 
his left hand thrown behind him holds his round, 
derby hat. The work wa* done by a master band, 
but it seemed to us au uuseemly display, and the 
details of the dreBs, so carefully worked out, were 
not in keeping with the sorrow-stricken faces. 

There are hundreds of pieces of Btatuary in the 
oorridors, of a similar character, some of which 
are even more inharmonious than the one de- 
scribed. Altogether the Campo Santo of Genoa 
is one among the most remarkable modern ceme- 
teries in Europe. 

From Genoa we journey to Rsme by railroad, 
a distance of some three hundred miles. On the 
way we pass through Pisa where we stop long 
enough to visit the Leaning Tower and the cele- 
brated Baptistry, both objects of considerable in. 
terest to travelers. 

The Baptistry was built about 1150 A. D., and 
was constructed especially for the administration 
of the rite of OhriBtian baptism, The building ib 
circular in form and is built entirely of marble. 
It is one hundred feet in diameter and a hundred 
and ninety feet to the top of the conical- shaped 
dome which oovera it Below it is surrounded 
with fine marble columns and is decorated with 
statuary. In the interior, exactly in the center, 
beneath the dome, is the pool with fonts ior bap- 
tism. The pool is made large enough for immer- 
sion, and deep enough to immerse the candidate 
in a kneeling posture. It is a fact bo well known 
that we need scarcely refer to it, that, until about 
the beginning of the fourteenth century, the Rom- 
an church followed the commission given by 
Christ, and baptized by trine immersion. This 
was the almost universal practice up to the fore- 
going date. And here, in this old Baptistry at 

Pisa, the rite was performed in that way until the 
change was made to sprinkling and pouring. 

The church of Rome claims the right to make 
changes of this kind when, in the judgment of 
the Pope and his councilors, it is proper to do so. 
In 1854 the dogma of the immaculate conception 
of the Virgin Mary was promulgated, and in 1870 
the doctrine of the infallibility of the Pope was 
made an article of the Roman Catholic faith. 
Just as these new doctrines were set forth by tho 
authority of the Pope and the council, so the 
change was made from trine immersion to sprink- 
ling and pouring. Luther, in his reformation, 
made an effort to re-establish trine immersion, 
but failed, because he did not wholly free himself 
from the Roman practice of sprinkling. All the 
Protestant churches that practice sprinkling are 
following the mandates of Rome. John Wesley 
recognized this and prepared to baptize by trine 
immersion, according to the commission given by 
Christ. In proof of this we quote as follows: 
" When Mr. Wesley baptized adults, professing 
faith in Christ, he chose to do it by trine immer- 
sion, if the person would submit to it, judging 
this to be the apostolic method of baptizing." 
(Moore's Life of Wesley, Vol. 1, p. 425) 

The pool and fonts in the Baptistry at Pisa are 
beautifully constructed of marble, highly polished 
and inlaid with various colored Btones. It is an 
octagon in shape, and each of its eight sides is 
decorated with figures in bass-relief. It is a fine 
piece of work and shows great artistic taste in its 
construction. The building is also remarkable 
for its wonderful echo. The attendant sang a 
few notes in a deep, rich tone, and by the watch, 
the sound was heard twelve seconds, echoing and 
re-echoing softer and softer until it died away in a 
whisper in the top of the lofty dome. A pulpit, 
constructed in the eleventh century, Btands at one 
side of the Baptistry. It is also of marble, and is 
a fine piece of work. Owing to the echo, we con- 
cluded that it would be a difficult place in which 
to preach a sermon. 

The leaning Tower of Pisa, about which every 
school-boy has read, is, in its way, one of the 
wonders of the world. It is 179 feet high, and its 
inclination is thirteen feet from the perpendicu- 
lar. It is ascended by a winding stairway of 294 
steps. We climbed to the top and experienced a 
very peculiar sensation. The slant is a regular 
one, and in walking up and around the tower, 
could not free ourselves from the feeling that it 
might fall over. The top is flat and is surround 
ed by an iron railing. The slant is quite marked 
on top, and very few persons care to walk to the 
lower side and look over. A plumb, dropped from 
this side at the top, would Btrike the ground thir- 
teen feet from the base line of the foundation. 
Looking over the railing at the lower side, the 
sense of insecurity is so strong that we start back, 
feeling that the addition of our weight to the 
overhanging wall may cause it to topple over. It 
was here that Galileo made hiB celebrated experi 
ments regarding the laws of gravitation. 

From Pisa to Rome we journeyed by night, 
reaching the "Eternal City" at midnight. Our 
first day in Rome, Sunday, Nov. 27, was partly 
spent in trying to find a church where we might 
hear English preaching. We secured a cab and 
driver,— cab fares are very cheap here, twenty 
cents for two persons for a drive anywhere within 
the city walls,— and gave him instructions where 
to drive. After a long drive he Btopped and 
pointed to a doorway. We entered' and found a 

Baptist church, with services conducted in Ital- 
ian. Of course we were disappointed. We spent 
several hours in walking through the winding 
streets before we reached our hotel again. 

Rome and its Christian Antiquities will be the 
subject of several letters to follow this. We are 
now in one of the cities of the Bible. Here it 
was that "Paul dwelt two whole years in his own 
hired bonso, and received all that came unto bim, 
preaching the kingdom of God, and teaching 
those things which concern the Lord Jesus 
Christ, with all confidence, no man forbidding 
him." Here he labored in word and doctrine, 
and here he gave to the cause of Christ. This 
has been especially impressed upon our minds to- 
day, as Bro. Lahman and the writer passed out of 
of the gates of the city and, walking out to the 
fourth mile-stone, we saw the spot where it is 
said the great apostle to the Gentiles was behead- 
ed. At this writing, Dec. 1, 1892, we are both in 
the enjoyment of excellent health. The Lord be 
praised for his goodness to us! d. l. m. 


We had the pleasure of attending the love- 
feast held in Altoona, Pa., Saturday evening, Nov. 
19. Elders J. W. and G. W. Brumbaugh were 
present. The services were largely attended in 
the evening, and on Sabbath morning aud evening. 
Bro. J. W. Wilt is the only resident minister. 
He is a merchant and preacher, and considering 
the difficulties attending his business, he is surely 
doing all for the church that could be expected. 
He preaches twice each Sunday with no time 
for preparation except what little he can take from 
his business. Then, too, he has no time to visit 
the members and look after the interests of 
the church in a general way, all of which is so es- 
sential in building up a church in a city. Those 
who have no experience in town and city work, 
often look on with critical eyes, and, because 
things are not just as they have them in the coun- 
try churches, find fault, not realizing that the cir- 
cumstances and surroundings are very different. 

We remained, after the love-feaBt, two weeks, 
and labored as best we could. During this time 
we tried to get into the homes of all our people, 
but as many of the brethren labor in the shops, 
we did not have the pleasure of meeting them 
with their families. ThiB is one of the difficulties 
in doing pastoral work in a place like Altoona. 
We found some who had once been members of 
the church, but had fallen back, aud others 
again who were members, nominally, but had lost 
their first love. By frequent visits, earnest 
teaching and encouraging words, many might be 
revived ; but this would require time and persist- 
ent effort. There are, perhaps, few cities where 
there are so many persons who were, at one time, 
in some way, connected with our people. There 
are large numbers of our Brethren's children liv- 
ing in Altoona, and we were surprised to find 
how very indifferent to the church many of them 
are. This made us think a little as to the cause. 

We know that this state o£ things is generally 
attributed to the barrounding influences, but we 
are inclined to lay it, partly at least, to the home 
training. Where children are properly instructed 
in the doctrines of the church, and a proper ex- 
ample of Christian living is set before them, they 
are not so likely to drift away from the church. 
Parents give the matter of church relation too 
little attention. Their first consideration, in too 

Jan. 3, 18S3 



many instances, is their financial good, and if the 
sons and daughters can only marry well and get 
good homes, they seem to be satisfied. Is not the 
church relation the great consideration? It 
seems to us that no parent who believes in the 
church and loves it, can overlook this matter. 
Further, parents, who have ohildren living in 
cities, should manifest Borne concern; they should 
write to the minister abont them, and then, too, 
they ehould urge their children to attend the 

A young man, whose parents were members of 
the church, came to the city, and for awhile at- 
tended the services. At a certain time he was 
under conviction, and it was thought would unite 
with the church, but, all at once, he went to an 
other churoh and united with it. This young 
man said he wrote home to his father for advice 
on the subject, but his father had no advice to 
give. If the young man made a correct state- 
ment, the father certainly did not have very 
much zeal for Mb church. Another young i 
whose mother was a member of the church, is 
now wholly given to making money, and is an at- 
tendant with his wife at the Catholic church, 
And so we might go on giving instances of this 

Parents sometimes blame the church; they say 
the church is not right. This may be so, but 
where will you find a church that is right? We 
have never seen a faultless church, and never ex- 
pect to see one. There cannot be faultless 
churches until there are faultless people, and it 
might be a good thing for parents to give their 
children a little teaching along this line. Of 
course, the church should be a Bhining, attractive 
church; it should hold up Christ in its discipline 
and doctrines, but at the same time it cannot be 
perfect, as its Head is perfect. Parents who are 
always finding fault with the church, and are 
holding up those faults, and even magnify them 
before their children, may expect to see the 
fruits of such a course ere long. They will be 
ready to Bee the faults of the church and make 
them a cloak to hide their own sine. 

Amid all the discouragements, Altoona is a 
promising field. If some one could give all his 
time to the work, and were diligent in looking 
after the membership, and others in different 
parts of the city, we believe a much greater work 
could be done. As it is, we think the church is 
in a better condition, and the outlook more hope- 
ful than it has been in times gone by. There is 
more unity of feeling among the members, and 
whatever else may be the faults of a church, we 
regard this as a hopeful sign. Where there is 
discord, there can be but little progress. It 
maintains a Sunday-school of over one hundred 
and fifty, and the young people have a prayer- 
meeting every Sunday evening before the regular 
church service. This is well attended and seems 
to be awakening quite an interest. There are 
other points in the city at which missions should 
be started. Other denominations are at work in 
this way, and we should do likewise. The troub- 
le is, we do not have the necessary funds. By 
way of illustration, the Baptists have built in 
one of the suburbs of the city a neat little chap- 
el, at a cost of abont nine hundred dollars. The 
lot cost two thousand or more. Here they have 
a thriving Sunday-school, and will soon build up 
a congregation. This is an efficient way of work- 
ing, but it costs money. Our people want to 
rent a room, bnt this is hard to do in a suitable 

locality, and then, too, tho rents are high. In 
short, oar two weeks' sojourn in Altoona has ini- 
pressed us more than ever with the fact, that to 
build up churches in the cities requires money, 
persistence, and judicious effort. j. b d. 


d send it unto tin churchy 

In writing give name of cluircli, County and State. Be brie!. NotC3 a 
T..lvlI should be as short as possible. Land Advertisements arc not so 
ii'.L'u.l l,-,r this Department. We have an advertising page, and, if nec« 

From th9 Miasissinewa Church, Ind 

The Missiasinewa ohurch held a short feties of 
meetings at the Union Grove church-house, com- 
mencing on the evening of Nov. 27, and lasting 
uutil the evening of Dec. 4. The preaching was 
done by the home ministers, Eld. Jacob Rarick 
and G. L. Studebaker. The immediate result of 
the meetings was the addition of one by baptism 
on Sunday, Dec. ■! The meetings closed on ac- 
count of the Ministerial Meeting held in the ad- 
joining church on Tuesday following. The meet- 
ings closed with good interest, and the brethren 
were insisted upon to continue the meetings, so 
great was the interest. It is our opinion that 
home preachers can hold some of the best meet- 
ings if they try. 

On Saturday, Dec. 3, was our quarterly churoh 
council. Everything passed off pleasantly. A 
committee was appointed to sell the old meeting- 
house, and arrangements were made to build 
another in the near future. It is in the bounds of 
the MiBsissinewa church that the nest Annual 
Meeting will ba h^ld, at Manoie, the city of natu- 
ral gas. This one thing, natural gas, we expe> 
bring hundreds, if not thousands, of people to our 
country. The committee of arrangements 
making preparations to accommodate tho greatest 
number of people that has been at any previous 
Annual Meeting. The committee en lodging 
has been selected, and is composed of the follow- 
ing brethren: Jacob W. Rarick, Geo. L. Stude- 
baker and Isaac Branson. The names of these 
brethren are a sufficient guarantee that ample ar- 
rangements will be made for lodging. 

Muncie is a prosperous city of about.1.6,000 in- 
habitants; but five years ago it had only 
between 5,000 and 0,000 inhabitants. It has three 
good, first-class railroads, viz., L E W., Big Four, 
and Ft. W., Oin. & L. Calvin W. Hooke. 

New Corner, Ind , Dec. 7. 

From Rome, Italy. 

Beo. Miller and I are now in our rooms after a 
day's hard work of sight-seeing and study of the 
" City on the Seven Hills." I Bhall not give 
much in detail by the way of facte, leaving that 
to Bro. Miller's regular letters, as we continue our 
journey of investigation. 

One day in Rome is sufficient already to induce 
me to invite all the present readers of the Mes- 
senger and as many more as wish to get the full 
benefit of the letters, that will appear regularly, 
to begin with the commencement and read regu- 
larly and carefully, all that may be written. 

To-day our trip took us across the River Tiber, 
on the new bridge, to the Cathedral of St. Peter. 
This is a church of vast dimensions. In the cen- 
ter we look up to the top of tho dome, nearly 500 
feet above us. To-morrow we hope to go up and 
look down. "We saw marble statues of wonderful 
proportions, representing the Fathers. We also 
saw statues of ancient Kings, and Popes of more 
recent date. The history of all these would fill 

volumes. Those immense paintings call up in 
the mind thoughts of the Bible. We also visited 
the Colisseum, now iu ruins. Here Christians 
were torn to pieces by wild beasts, while the 
throng looked down upon the scene with approval, 
to satisfy the desire of a lustful mind. Their 
heinous crimes and games are too horrible to 
think of as emanating from human beings. From 
siich thoughts wo shrink iu disgust. The dens 
may jet be seon, from which the beasts came, in 
maddened rage, upon their victims. 

Pro. Miller and I are aa lone pilgrims in the Ro- 
man city. We enter into each other's feelings, and 
think of the friends and dear ones far away, at all 
times, whether on the rolling ooean or upon the 
smooth waters of the great Mediterranean Sea. 
We remember our friends with grateful hearts 
to God who haB so far been very gracious and 
good in affording excellent weather and good 
health, for which we give him all praise. We hope 
and pray that God's blessings may continue on 
our further journey, that we may attain to the 
object of the mission of investigation for the good 
of all the readers of the Messenger, and suataiu, 
by actual proof, the divine truths of the Bible. 
J. C. Lahman. 

Nov. 28, 1892. 

From Sabetha, Kans. 

" Go and teach all nations," was the command 
ofonr Savior, to the disciples, I am glad that 
the effort is being made to spread the Gospel to 
other nations, but is there not danger of negleot- 
iug some localities near home? 

In August we were called to hold meetings over 
Sunday, at Highland Station, a little town about 
40 miles from Sibatha, iu the hill country of the 
Missouri River, — a point at which the doctrine of 
the Brethren had never bean preached, I "held 
two meetiuga, at which two whim baptized, with 
several more applicants We arranged that reg- 
ular meetings might be held once a month. Since 
that time, six more have been added to the num- 
ber by baptism. This point is in the bounds of 
the Wolf River congregation,— a little baud of 
members of about Ihirty, without a resident min- 
ister. There have been eleven added te this little 
baud since sprirg. The appointments nr« filled 
by the Sabsthi brethren. O J. Hooper. 

Dec, 12, 1892. 

The Three Thousand Baptized in One Day. 

I notice in Gospel Messenger No. 47 that 
eight persona were baptized by trine immersion 
in tho Keoknk church, Iowa, in twelve minutes. 
If this is true, then I am made to wonder at what 
noted men call impossibilities. 

Some time ago, while on the train, going to a 
certain place, I fell in conversation with a noted 
professor of the Methodist church. Talking on 
the subject of baptism, he made the strong asser- 
tion that it was impossible to baptize three thou- 
sand persons in one day by threefold immersion. 
The figures below Bhould aettle the question for 

It is possible that the seventy, appointed by 
Christ and the twelve apostles, were present on 
the day of PentecoBt. Now, then, if it only re- 
quired twelve minutes to immerse eight persons 
in Iowa, it would only require seventy-five ad- 
ministrators to immerse three thousand persona 
in one hour*s time. Bat we will be more liberal 

ith the doubter. As it is an easy matter to im- 
lerae twenty persona in one hour, we don't want 
you to give us soventy-five administrators to do 
this work in one day, bnt give us twenty-five per- 
sons authorized to baptize and we will immerse 
three thousand in six hours. Let this settle the 
question in dispute for ever. J. S. Kulp. 

Dunlap, Ind., Dec, 6. 


Jan. 3, 1893. 

Ministerial Meeting of Middle Iowa, 

We are in receipt of two accounts of the Minis- 
terial Meetiog held in Iowa River church, Dec. 5. 
The representation from Middle Iowa was good. 
There were also some present from the Northern 
District, "We make the following extract from 
the letter sent by Bro. H R Taylor: 

The meeting was opened with the usual de- 
votional exercises by Eld A M. Dickey, after 
which the meeting proceeded to a permanent or- 
ganization by electing Eld. J. Seibert, Modera- 
tor, and H. it. Taylor, Secretary. Next followed an 
opsning address by the Moderator, regarding the 
object of the meeting. The different topicB were 
then taken up and discasBed. 

As to how well the brethren and Bisters did in 
their deliberations, is best realized by those who 
heard them. Aside from our meetings for dis- 
cussions, we had preaching on Monday evening 
by Bro. 8. 0. Miller, from the text, "And of His 
fullness have all we received and grace for grace." 
John 1: 16. We had all our meals but breakfast 
at the meeting-house, Tuesday evening, about 
four o'clock, we adjourned for supper. At about 
six P. M, we met for song service and then had a 
talk from brethren H, R. Taylor and S. M. Gough- 
nour from the words, " And without controversy, 
great is the mystery of godliness. God was man- 
ifest in the flesh." 1 Tim, 3: 1*>. At seven 
P. M. whb onr missionary meeting. Eld. John 
Znck read the Seriptore: " And he said unto them, 
Go ye into all the world aad preaoh the Gospel to 
every creature," Mark 16: 15, and in connection 
Acts 13, " The Holy Ghost said, Separate me Bar- 
nabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have 
called them And when they had fasted and 
prayed, aud laid their hauls on them, they sent 
them away." He then addressed the meeting, fol- 
lowed by Eld. R. F. McOuue. As a parting hymn 
we sang No. (383. Many thanks to the dear breth- 
ren and sisters of the Iowa River church for the 
Christian manner in which they treated us while 
with them. Our next Ministerial Meeting, God 
williug, will be held in the Indian Greek church, 
Polk Co., October, 1893. Further notice will be 
given of time. H. R. Tailor 

Deep River, Iowa 

Notes from Our -Correspondents. 

Walnut Creek Church, Mo.— The Walnut Creek 
church had a good meeting on Thanksgiving Day. 
The Bum of S3.05 was collected for home mission 
work. Nov. 20 one more precious sonl was added 
to our number by baptism, making four additions 
Bince Bro. Hope commenced preaching for ub in 
November.— Esther Cripe, Knobnoster, Mo., 
Deo. 10. 

Porlage Church, Ohio.— Bro. Henry Frautzoameto 
us Dae. 10 and expects to remain with ns over two 
Sundays. He is dealing out the Bread of Life in 
hie plain manner of talk to the edifying of all. 
Good attendance and good attention were paid to 
the Word preaohed. At this writing we have had 
three sermone. Will write later and give a full 
report of the meeting.— J. P. Krabill, Clover- 
dile, Ohio, Deo. 12. 

Secor, III.— Bro. D. E Brnbaker, of Mount Mor- 
riB, came to ns Nov. 30 to hold a BerieB of meet- 
ings, bnt the rain and bad roads made onr meet- 
ings BmalJ. No one united with the church, al- 
though the preaching was good. All the mem- 
bers were bnilt up in the faith of the Gospel of 
CbriBt. The meetings closed last evening, and 
Bro. Brnbaker left for home.— 0. W. Gish, Dec. 

Cornell, III. — We are in the midBt of a well-con- 
ducted BerieB of meetings. Bro. D. B. Gibson is 
doing the preaching. By hie efforts both saints 
and sinners were edified. Up to this writing one 
has been reclaimed and brought back iuto the 
fold.— D. Heckman, Dec. 15. 

Koantz, Va.— Bro. S. H. Myers, of Timberville, 
Va., came to ua Nov. 19 and began a series of 
meetings. Bro. E. L. Brower, of WayneBborough, 
Va , also came Dec. 22, and assisted Bro. Myers 
in preaching. Bro. Myers stayed with us until 
Dec. 28, and Bro. Brower continued the meetings 
until Deo. 3. Six dear aoula came to Chriat aud 
we think others were almoat persuaded to come. — 
Geo. W. Painter, Dec. 10. 

Welsh Run Church, Pa.— Bro. T. F. Imler, of Lan- 
caster, Pa., commenced a series of meetingB Nov. 
26, which he continued until Dec. 10. He 
preached seventeen sermons. Dec. 11 he preached 
two aermons at the Clay Lick church. He la- 
bored faithfully in dealing out the Bread of Life. 
Four were baptized and one promised to come. 
Dec. 12 he preached one sermon in Mercersburgh, 
at the United Brethren church. — Eliab Zuck t 
Dec. 14. 

Rogue River, Oregon. — Since our laBt report one 
dear Bister was made willing to accept Christ as 
her Savior. It aeemed to arouse the people, and 
there was a crowded house at the meeting prior 
to baptism. Good attention was given to the 
Word. Our prayer is that more may follow the 
example of this dear Bister. Health is generally 
good here. The evenings are long at present 
and the Messenger iB good company. — J. S. 
Root, Dec. 7. 

Sunfleld Church, lien.— Our love-feaat, Oct. 5, 
waa a very pleasant one. Eld. Fryfogle held a 
few interesting meetings previous to the feast. 
One young brother made application to be bap- 
tized at the cloBe of our meetings, which has 
been attended to since, at onr quarterly council, 
Dec. 3. At that time two more were received by 
letter. Our council was a very pleasant one. 
All business waa transacted with the best of feel- 
ings. — John D. Birman. 

Newport, Va.— Bro. S. H. Myers, of Rockingham, 
came to this place Nov. 15. Bro. E. L. Brower, 
of Augusta, came a few days later, holding meet- 
ings for two weeks. Six were baptizad. Bro. 
William Peters, of Cross RoadB, came to the 
Brethren at Dry Ran, Va., and held meetings for 
one week. His efforts resulted in three addi- 
tions. The home ministers baptized twelve. 
This makes twenty-one aouls baptized in Page, 
Va , this year. — Martin 

Shannon, 111.— Oar aeries of meetings at Shannon 
closed Dec. 6. We had, in all, fifteen meetings. 
Bro. Hollinger was with us at three meetings and 
spoke earnestly of the way of Balvation. He gave 
ua many good thoughts. We saw no immediate 
results, bat trust that the Lord will call loudly 
unto some who know to do good and do it not. 
We hope to have more meetings in the near fut- 
ure, and hope we may have good roads and fine 
weather at that time.— D. Rowland. 

Wichita, Kans.— We are doing what we can for 
the Master. We hold at leaat three services each 
Sunday, and as our ministers, except one, are all 
poor men, we feel that they are doing nobly, and 
pray God for the increase. We have an evergreen 
Sunday-school in the city, which is proapering 
fairly. Like all other churches in cities, we need 
a meeting-honse, but are too few in numbers and 
too poor yet. Our council was harmonious and 
ahowed forth brotherly love and forbearance.— W. 
A. Jacques, Dec. 5, 

Kiddletown, Ind. — We are now in the midst of a 
glorious aeries of meetings at the Upper Fall 
church, held by Bro. Bennett Trout, of Ohio. 
He preached the Word in its purity and truth. 
Our Ministerial Meeting passed off pleaaantly, 
although the weather waa inclement all the time. 
We formed many pleaaant acquaintances. — Flori- 
da J. Etter, Dec 18. 

South English, Iowa.— Bro Michael Flory, of Illi- 
nois, has been holding forth the Word with pow- 
er, at the North church, for two weeks. Saints 
were nourished and ainners warned. Yesterday 
nine souls were buried with Christ in baptism. 
They were all young in years. The meetings con- 
tinue a few nights yet, and will then change to 
the South church. We pray God to add Mb fur- 
ther blessings. — Peter Brower, Dec. 12. 

Herington, Kans.— Bro. J. A. Root, of Ozawkie 
Kans., commenced a series of meetings in the 
Herington church, Nov. 25, and closed Dec. 4. 
There were no additions to the church, but we 
believe many good impressions were made. Much 
interest was manifested, for our dear brother 
preached the Word in its parity. Could we 
have more such meetings, we believe much good 
could be done. We feel much strengthened and 
pray the Lord to bless every good work. — 
Sarah Shirk, Dec. 11. 

VanWert Church, Ohio.— Bro. B. F. Honeyman 
came to us Nov. 2G and staid until Dec. 4. He 
preached the Word with power. The members 
were much built up. Although there were no ac- 
cessions to the church, there were some good im- 
pressiona made. I pray the Word may be as 
bread cast on the water, to be gathered many days 
hence. Bro. Honeyman accompanied Bro. Heis- 
tand to the lower end of the congregation to hold 
a protracted effort May God bless their laborby 
giving them aoula for their hirel— Sarah E. Long- 
anecker, Dec. 10. 

Lost Creek Church, Ohio.— Bro. W. Q. Calvert be- 
gan to preach for us Nov. 10, and continued until 
the night of Dec. 4. There were no additions to" 
the church at this meeting. Though there were 
some, who wanted to be with us, yet they could not 
get the consent of their minds. Since July 1, there 
have been five received by baptism, and the 
church seems to be in a healthy condition. A few 
weeks previous to the series of meetings, Bro. B. 
F. Filburn was elected to the ministry, and Cal- 
ahil Weddle to the office of deacon. May the 
Lord bless them in their workl— M 7 . R. Murphy. 

Big Creek Church, III.— We commenced a series of 
meetings on Saturday night, Nov. 26. Bro. T. D. 
Lyon, of Hudson, 111., held forth the Word in its 
power. There were no accessions to the church. 
On the first day of Decembar Bro. John Harsh- 
barger came to our assistance. Our quarterly 
council was on Friday. The church held a choice 
for a minister. The lot fell on Bro. Claybom 
Forney. He was duly installed. Bro. Harshbar- 
ger left on Saturday for other places. Bro. Lyon 
continued the meeting until Monday night, when, 
on account of failing health, he had to close. — 
J. M. Forney. 

fflill Creek, Va. — Our series of meetings com- 
menced Nov. 27, and closed Dec. 12. Bro. Sam- 
uel F. Sanger, of Bridgewater, Va., did the preach- 
ing. The weather was about as good aa could be 
desired during ths eutire services, and the roads 
were excellent out qaently the large house was 
well filled every night, by eager listeners. Bro. 
Samuel preached, in all, twenty-one sermons, two 
of them fcneral discourses. The brethren and 
sisters are encoaraged on their pilgrimage, while 
ainners were warned to flee the wrath to come. 
As an immediate result eight were received into 
the church by baptism. — A. Flory, Friedem, Pa. 

Jan. 3,1893. 


tordsburg, Cal.— Eld. D. Vaninmn, of McPher- 
Bon, Eans., has just closed a very refreshing se- 
ries of meetings in the Lordsbnrg College Chap- 
el. Many were the powerful appeals to the un- 
converted, bnt none responded. The congrega- 
tions were large and attentive. We hope and 
pray that the good will manifest itself in time to 
come! — J. F. Neher. 

Beaver Creek, Va.— Bro. Levi A. Wenger came to 
onr Branch meeting-honBe Nov. 27, and com- 
menced a series of meetings, which he continued 
till the following Sunday night. He preaohed 
the doctrine in a very plain and comprehensive 
way to an attentive audience. One was added to 
the fold. The meetings were then continued 
another week, and closed yesterday, with aix more 
additions by baptism. There are still others not 
far off. Thus we see again the loss of labor and 
time, by closing the meetings too soon. — Q. W. 
Wine, OUobine, Va., Dec 12. 

Forgy, Ohio. — The meetings closed at Price's 
Creek, Ohio, on the evening of Dec. 8, with the 
very best of interest and attendance. During the 
meetings two precious souls were baptized into 
Christ. We trust they may be shining lights in 
the church. The church seemed to be built: up 
in the most holy faith. One minister and three 
deacons were elected on that occasion. May they 
be zealous workerB in their calling! After being 
at home part of a day and one night, wife and I set 
out, on the morning of Dec. 10, for Portage, Ohio, 
where we are at present, trying to hold forth the 
Word of Life to a dying world. — Henry Franiz, 
Deo. 12. 

Woodbury Cburcb, Pa. — The church met in council 
Nov. 1 9. All business before the meeting passed 
off pleasantly. Nov. 21, Eld. G. W. Brumbaugh 
began a series of meetings for us at the Replogle 
church, continuing until Dec 6. He wag assisted 
by elders J. W. Brumbaugh and Joa. Snowberger, 
who dropped in during the progress of the meeting. 
There were in all seventeen sermons preached. 
Two precious sonls came out on the Lord's side, 
and we hope more of the good seed sown may be 
gathered not many days hence. On Thanksgiv- 
ing a collection was taken for the benefit of the 
" Home Mission," amounting to $17.77. — ./. C. 
Slayer, Dec. IS. 

Bellefontaiiie, Ohio. — Bro. Jacob Witmore and 
wife, of Centre View, Mo., came to us and began 
a series of meetings Nov. 22, and closed Dec. 11. 
Bro. Witmore has an earnest way of presenting 
the Truth. Three were received by baptism, and 
two, that had wandered off, returned to the fold. 
Our regular quarterly counoil occurred Dec. 3. 
Bro. L. H. Dickey and wife, of Alvada, Ohio, 
were present and remained until the 6th. Bro. 
Dickey preached for us on Monday morning and 
evening. May these meetings mark a new era in 
the history of our church, — an era characterized 
by a greater activity in the spreading of the Gos- 
pel and an increased devotion to the cause of 
Christ!— Effie Snyder, Dec. 12. 

Casstown, Ohio.— The love-feast at Mosquito 
Creek was held Nov. 5, at which time many of the 
old brethren were present, The elders with ub 
were, Tobias Kreider, J. Eatherman, Emanuel 
Hershey, J. L. Frantz, also Z. Annon, William 
Boggs, and others. They rendered good service. 
Many were made glad and encouraged to go on in 
the good cause. Bro. Z. Annon officiated. At 
this meeting an election for one deacon was held. 
The lot fell on Bro. Jacob Hnber. May he prove 
an efficient worker! Bro. Annon remained and 
held a series of meetings which continued until 
Nov. 16. As a result the church was encouraged 
and strengthened, and some were near the king- 
dom. — W. B. Murphy, Deo. 14. 

Daleville, Va.— To-day, Dec. 10, thirty-one were 
baptized here. A three weeks' reviving meeting 
was held at the Troutville house. The home min- 
isters, Jonas Graybill, T. 0. Denton, J. A. Dove, 
and D. N. Eller did the preaching. Home min- 
isters may and do conduct successful meetings. 
The fruita of the Sunday-school are plainly seen 
in this regiment, juBt entering the holy army. 
The Lord is richly blessing his people in this 
large congregation, which greatly rejoices not 
only our aged elder, B. F. Moomaw, but all. 
Note this as another testimony in favor of home 
revivals. — I. N. B. Beahm. 

North Hanchesler, Ind. — Wife and I had the priv- 
ilege of meeting a few times with the Brethren at 
North Manchester, where Bro. Silas Gilbert is 
now holding forth the words of eternal life with 
great power. Deo. 13, when we left there, four 
young persons had already come out from the 
world, and cast in their lot with the Lord's people, 
while others seem to be near the kingdom. Those 
who had already enlisted in the Lord's cause, 
were much strengthened by the rioh, spiritual 
food which was dealt out to them liberally. Sure- 
ly, those who have the opportunity of attending 
such meetings and do not improve it, miss a great 
blessing, — a blessing they can ill afford to lose. — 
D. E. Gripe, Akron, Ind., Dec. 16. 

, Pa. — This church has again had a 
season of refreshing from the Lord. Bro. J. M, 
Mohler, of Lewistown, Pa., preaohed two weeks 
for us in the meeting-house at Intercourse. This 
is a comparatively new territory for the Breth- 
ren, the house of worship having been purchased 
from the Methodists about a year ago. That the 
preaching was both interesting and instructive 
was shown by the well-filled and sometimes crowd- 
ed house of intelligent persons. Although but 
two precious souls were made willing to accept 
Christ, yet we feel sure that the Brethren have 
gained a stronghold, and that their doctrine has 
been powerfully proclaimed unto thia people. 
May the good Lord speed the work among us! — 
Lizzie Meyer, Bareville, Pa, Dec. 9. 

Franklin drove, 111.— Bro. Eeltner, of Sterling, 
came here Nov. 28, aud labored earnestly for ub 
nearly two weeks. We were all much encouraged 
through his efforts, and believe sinners were awak- 
ened to a sense of their duty. One signified her 
intention to walk with God's people and will be 
baptizid in the near future. On Thanksgiving 
Day, after the usual services, we re-organized our 
Sunday-schools. Bro. John Baker was elected 
Superintendent of the. Franklin Grove school, and 
Bro. S. Eiddlesbarger was re-elected Superintend- 
ent of the Emmert church school. Collections 
were also taken for the Tract Work and the Gos- 
tel Messenger poor fund. The former received 
§26.85, and the latter over S46.00. We trust the 
Lord may so bless it, that it may be the means of 
converting some soul. — D. B. Senger. 

Bound mountain Church, Ark.— Eld. Wm. Harvey 
came to us Nov. 29, and the same evening com- 
menced a series of meetings. He preached fifteen 
discourses for us up to the evening of Dec. 11, 
and very ably held forth the Word of the Lord. 
The members were much revived. One brother, 
who had been out of the ohurch for several years, 
was restored. The same evening a young sister 
was baptized. After having applied for member- 
ship, we ascertained, upon inquiry, that she 
wished to be baptized the same night. So we re- 
paired to the water, where we baptized her by 
lantern light. Thus we, for the first time, had 
the privilege of doing in the night, as Paul and 
Silas did with the jailer. Judging by appear- 
ances, there were some, like Felix of old,— almost 
persuaded.— Samuel Weimer, Wyman, Ark. 

Paris, Ohio.— On the evening of Deo. 3 we had 
the pleasure of meeting at the home of Bro. Sam- 
uel Keller, four milts west o£ Alliance, where 
twenty-one members communed. Bro. Keller 
invited his neighbors and friends, so that several 
of his large rooniB were well rilled with specta- 
tors. The beat of order prevailed during the 
meetings. Bro. J. J. Hoover offioiated. We 
think many more such meetings should be held, 
especially for our aged members who are uuable 
to leave their homes, to go any distance to meet- 
ing. — S. B. ShtcJcey. 

Heyerheofler's Store, Va. - On the evening of Oct. 
1, 1 began a series of meetings in the Meyersdale 
churoh, Pa, which continued until the evening of 
the 12th of the same mouth. Within this 
time a love feast was held which was a very 
pleasant aud, we trust, profitable meeting. 
A considerable number oommuned. As a mani- 
fest result of the meeting, seven were baptized. 
Bro. C. G. Lint is the elder in charge, and the 
wisdom of his eldership is to be seen in the condi- 
tion of the Myeradale church and Sunday-school. 
Right here "Progression " began. H. It. Holsing- 
er lived in this town when he began to give troub- 
le, and here the " Progressives " olaim one of their 
strongholds. Here their first church house was 
built in '81, before Mr. Holsinger was really ex- 
pelled. Their membership hero, I am told, is 
about 125. The principles of their church ruling 
make it difficult to administer proper church gov- 
ernment.— fl. C. Early, Dec 13. 

Battle Creek, Iowa.— The members, of the Battle 
Creek congregation met on Saturday, Dec. 3, at 
Bro. Isenbarger'a, to organize. Elders J. Trostle 
and John Early assisted us. Our election for 
minister resulted in the choice of Wesley Myler. 
For deacon Bro. William Iseubarger was chosen. 
Eld. Trostle was chosen as overseer of our 
church. We now number twenty members, with 
one minister and two deaoons, The same evening 
Bro. John Early gave us an excellent sermon. 
On the following day. D-o. 4, Eld. Trostle 
preached the funeral sermon of the infant Bon of 
Bro. Gripe's In the evening Bro. Early preached 
another interesting sermon. Bro. Trostle was 
with us a few days and preachel several soul-in- 
spiring Bermons but, owiDg to the bad weather, 
he could give us only a few Bermons. There waB 
quite a goodly number present, and good atten- 
tion was given to the Word of God, which our 
brother ministered unto ua, — Lima Gripe, Dec. 12. 

Overkill, W. Va.— The members of the Buchanan 
congregation held their rove-feast at Sand Uun 
Oct. 31. The meeting began on Friday night 
Oot. 28. Eld. W. A Gaunt, from the Valley River 
church, Barbour Co., W. Va., was with us at our 
feast; also several brethren and sisters from the 
Goshen church. All seempd to greatly enjoy the 
meetings. Bro. Gaunt preached seven soul-cheer- 
ing sermons, including the Communion services. 
There was one baptizid and one reclaimed at the 
time of the meetiDg, to the joy of the church. 
One was also reclaimed since the meeting. There 
have been four baptized and two reclaimed here 
this season. The love-feaBt in the upper church 
house, at Indian Camp, was Nov. 6 and 7. The 
preaching was done by the home ministers. The 
Buchanan congregation is in a prosperous con- 
dition, and looking forward to a greater ingather- 
ing of souls. We have spent some time in the 
mission field this fall, in Braxton County, W. Va. 
Prospects are favorable towards building up a 
good church. There were two baptized and one 
reclaimed. There are now two applicants for bap- 
tism. The Braxton brethren intend to build a 
church-bouse next summer if they can get help 
from the General Mission Board.— David J. Mil- 
ler, Dec. 12. 


Literary Notices. 

"The Columbian Historical Novels.'' Vol. IV P 
tas, a Story of Virginia, 3''f> PP- By John R, Mustek. Illus- 
trated with full-page half tone engravings and othir lllustra 
lions. Cloth, ramo, gold stamps, etc., $1.50. New York, 
London, and Toronto: Funk & WagnalU Company. 

iv ill 1 


Pocahontas lis a name to conjui 
name that striken a sympathetic chord in every generous 
breast, a name which can hardly fall 10 awaken a passing re- 
gret that a race, capable of producing so noble a type of 
womanhood, should have been doomed to extinction in the 
Inevitable struggle for race supremacy, 

Our author has done wisely in selecting her a* the heroine 
Of the historic drama nl that period; while historic truth de- 
manded that she and that splendid type of heroic manhood 
from the Old World, Captain John Smith, should be assigned 
the leading parts Our author has been pre-emlnenlly suc- 
cessful In the delineation of the dramatis persona; calling up 
from the dead past the real men and women who figured so 
conspicuously in the thrilling events of that time; and while 
historic accuracy has been the chief aim, the romantic Inter- 
est never lings,— the brilliant setting of the story fixes historic 
characters permanently In the render's memory. As In the 
preceding volumes of this series, an Estevan plays an im- 
portant part, the Estevan of "Pocahontas and Virginia" 
transferred to English soil becoims plain Philip Stevens. 
Young folks, particularly, will be delighted In the possession 
of a copy of thl< book, and ll will not fall to Instruct them in 
heroism and Inspire patriotism. 


FOLTZ— HOFFMAN.— At the residence of Bio. DavM 
A. Hoffman, near Newport, Page Co., Va., Dec. i, 1891, by 
the writer. Mr. Jacob Ashley F61t2 end Miss Annie Hoffman. 

HOFFMAN— STROLE.— At the residence of Bro David 
A. Hoffman, near Newport, Page Co., Va., Dec. 1, 1891, by 
the writer, Bro. J. Frank Hoffman and Miss Alice Strolc, all 
of Page County, Va, E. L. Bkowfr. 

MORE— WALDRON.— At the residence of the bride's 
parents, Nov. 2*, 1892, by Rev. John O. Boone, Mr. Andrew 
J. More and Miss Bellie Waldron, all ol Franklin County, Va 

TEAZELL— WALDRON. — At the residence of the 
bride's parents, Nov 24. 1892, by Rev. John O- B w 
William G. Teazel! and Miss Martha Waldron. 

G. F, Luke. 

HARRISON— MINEELY.- Oct. 23, 1892, by the under- 
signed, Bro. Solomon Harrison and sister Samilda Mfnetly, 
all of Cambria County, Pa. David Hildibrand. 

DAVIDSON— LYTER— At the residence of friend Ab- 
ner Braden, near Brooklyn, Iowa, Nov. 24, 1S92, by the writ- 
er, Mr. Thomas Davidson and lister Elizabeth Lyter, all of 
Powtshlek. County, Iowa. li F. Co.nnei l 

GROGG— BOON.— By the undersigned, at hia residence, 
Roann, Ind, Dec. ir, 1892, Mr. I.eonder Grogg and Miss 
Llbble Boon, all of Miami County, It d. David SwiHART. 

Fallen Asleep. 

LANDES —In the Pine Creek church, Ogle Co., III., Nov. 
14, "89:, Bro. Solomon Landes, aged S6 years, 10 months 
and 12 days. Edmund Forney. 

STEARNS.— At Fairmount, III., Jan. 20, 1S92, of conges- 
tion of the lungs, Calvin Stearns, aged 71 years, 2 months 
and 22 days. He was only confined to his bed six days He 
had been a member of the Brethren church for nearly forty 
years. Clara Stearns. 

BOM AN.— In the Cole Creek congregation, Boman, 

aged Si years, S months and 2 days. He was born In Ken- 
tucky in 1S11, and moved to North Carolina when six years 
old. He lived there and In Tennessee until his marriage A 
few years after his marriage he moved to Illinois, where he 
lived until death took him to his long home. He was no mem- 
ber of any church. Funeral occasion improved by Bro. Solo- 
mon Bucklew from Job 1:1,2. 

Matthias Lingi 

SHAW.— In the Greene church, Iowa, Dec. 6, 1892, sister 
Florence Shaw, aged 3S j ears and 9 months. She, like many 
others, put off the one thing most needed until the very last. 
Then she was received into the church as far as her bodily 
strength would permit, and seemed to become reconciled In 
mind. Funeral occasion Improved by the writer from Luke 
8: 53 to all that were present. J. F. Eikenberrv. 

PETERS.— In the Cole Creek congregation, III., Nov. 27, 
l', ters, Rged 67 years, S n onths and 7 days. Fu- 
neral by Bro. Solomon Bucklew from John 5: 25. She was 
a member of the Methodist church. 

Matthias Lingssfblter. 

AM1CK.— In the Monticello church, Ind., Nov. 18, 1892, 
of erysipelas, William Amick, son of Isaac and Sarah Amtck, 
aged i-j years, 11 months and 28 days. He leaves a FOrrow- 
fng father and mother, and three younger brothers- Funeral 
services on his twenty-eighth birthday by Willard Tedford, 
of the Baptist church. D. A. Mhrtz. 

VARNER.— In the Johnstown church, Pa., Nov. 19, 1892, 
sister Catharine Varner, aged 69 years, 3 months and 10 days. 

HORNER,— In the Johnstown church, Pa., Nov. 22, 1892, 
sister Sarah A. Horner, aged 73 years, 2 months and 14 days. 

WISSINGER.— In the Johnstown church, Pa., Dec. 2, 
892, Bro. Jeremiah Wisslnger, aged 63 years, 8 months and 
, 7 da) 6. David Hildebrand. 

KEEPER.— In the Broadfording congregation, Md., Nov. 

28, 1892, Willie, son of Bro. Samuel and sister Molile Keefer, 

aged 12 years, 5 months and 29 days. He was thrown from a 

ho ■', ri 1 :i Ivh g si vere wounds, 2nd in a few days died from 

his Injuries. He was a bright and Interesting little boy, loved 

by his many associates. Services at the Broad forcing church 

by the hem; ministers. D. Victor Long. 

MILLER— In the Pine Creek church, Ind., Dec. 5, 1892, 

lura Ellen, daughter cf Jacob ana sister Miller, aged 17 

ars, 11 months and 14 days. Funeral services by Bro. 

Jacob Hildebrand, assisted by Rro. John Appleman. 

Clara Hildkrbrand. 

LEAMAN.— In the Maple Grove church, Ashland Co., 
Ohio, at the residence of her son-in-law, Bro. D. Umbaugh, 
Sept. 29, 1892, of heart trouble, sister Margareth Leaman (tiee 
Zarger), ogeJ S2 ) ears, 6 months and 22 days. Deceased was 
born in Dauphin County, Pa., March 7, 1S10, and was joined 
In matrimony to Jacob Leaman in 1827. She emigrated to 
Ohio In 1832, where she, -with her husband, united with the 
Brethren church In 1834. July 4, 1855, her husband passed 
away, leaving her with seven children. She had the pleasure 
of seeing all of her children buried with Christ In baptism 
Appropriate funeral services were conducted by Eld. D. N 
Workman from Isa. 3S: 1. Maggie A. Dickey. 

FULKER.— In the Willow Creek church, near Aberdeen, 
Brown Co, S Dak., Ncv. 10, 181,2, of pleuropneumonia, Bo. 
Samuel Fulker, aged 65 years, 3 months and 2S days. Bro, 
Fuller was born in Maryland and moved to Ohio in 1S3S, 
He was married to Mary Ann Christian July 9, 1857. They 
moved to Missouri in 1S70, and in 1SS4 they moved to Bi 
County, S. Dak. Tl ey raised a family of nine children, 

d three daughters. One daughter, sister Leedy, and 
one son preceded Bro. Fulker to the grave. He lived 
slstent member of the Brethren church for thirty years. The 
last twenty-one years of his life he served In the effice of 
deacon. Funeral services by the writer and Eld. W. 1 
Horning, from Rev. 14; 12, 13. B. F. Miller 

ECHARD.— In the Indian Creek church, Fayette Co., Pa., 
Nov. 13, 1S92. Bro David Echard, aged 77 years, 7 months 
and 7 days. Funeral services by Bro. F. F. Murray, assisted 
by the writer from 1 Cor. 15: 55. He was a member of the 
Brethren church for about fifty years. Jeremiah Faust. 

SEASHOLS — At the home of her parents, near Primrose, 
Williams Co, Ohio, Emma J. Seashols, aged 21 years, 10 
months and 16 days. Funeral services by Eld. B. F. Sholty. 
Noah Long. 
CLINE. — In the same congregation, Nov. 14, 1S92, Mary 
E. Cline, daughter cf friend Wm. H. and sister Cathaiine J. 
Cllne, aged 24 years, 4 months and 16 days. She leaves a 
father, mother, one sister, one brother and many sympathiz- 
ing friends to mourn their loss. Funeral by Bro. Abram 
Flory. D. H. Niccum. 

PRICE.— In the Exeter church, Nebr, Nov. 17, 1892, 
Irena R. Piice, wife of Joseph Price, aged 24 years and 27 
days. An infant preceded her four days, aged six days. Fu- 
neral services by Eld. G. W. Stambaugh, assisted by the writ- 
er, from Isa. 3S: 1. D. B. Heiny. 

ESHELMAN— In Mt. Carroll, 111., Nov. 24, 1S92, sister 
Hannah Eshelman, aged 66 years, 6 months and 17 days. 
Disease, dropsy. She has been a member of the Brethren 
church since she was fifteen years of age. Funeral services 
by the writer from Heb. 2: 15. Franklin Myers. 

SHIREMAN.— In the Eel River church, Kosciusko Co., 
Ind., Dec. 2, 1892, near Silver Lake, Mary Etta Shlreman, 
aged. 14 years, 5 months and 25 days. Services by Bro. John 
Stafford, assisted by the writer. Emanuel Leckrone. 

BURKETT —At Gait, Mich , Nov. 19, 1892, Lottie Leon, 
youngest child of D. F. and I. B. Burkett, aged 1 year, 7 
months and 20 days. Services conducted at the house by 
Rev. J. Braggings. Remains Interred in the Riverside cem 
tery. M. E. Burkbtt, 

MUM AH.— At Sand Lake, Mich., Dec. 1, 1892, of Brlght's 
disease, Ellas Mumah, aged 62 years, 8 months and 26 days. 
Bro. Mumah was born In Lancaster County, Pa. In after 
years he emigrated to Darke County, Ohio, where, in the 
year 1S77, he was received Into fellowship by the Union City 
church. In 18S4 he moved to Sand Lake, Kent Co., Mich. 
He leaves a wife and three sons to mourn their loss. Funeral 
services conducted by the writer, from 2 Tim. 4: 6-S. 

John M. Smith. 

WATSON.— Near Glyde, Washington Co., Pa., Nov. 26, 
1S92, Mrs. Martha Watson, wife of Mr. Henry Watson, aged 
58 years and 10 months. Deceased was a member of the 
Baptist church. Funeral services Nov. 27, at the Ridge 
church by the writer. Subject, "Preparing for the Passage." 
Josh. i:n. N. B. Ciiristner. 

STOVER.— In the Falling Spring church, Franklin Co., 
Pa., Dec. 4, 1S92, Christian Guy Stover, youngest son of Bro. 
John A. and sister Annie A. Stover, aged 10 months and 7 
days. Funeral services by Eld. Silas Hoover, assisted by the 
writer, from John 1 1 : 25. Wm. C. Koontz. 

NITCHER.— In the Pine Creek church, Marshall Co., 
Ind., Nov. 19, 1891, John Daniel, Infant son of Bro. Simon 
and sister Caroline Nitcher, aged 6 months and 1 day. Fu- 
neral services by Jacob Hildebrand. 

Clara L. Hilderbrand. 

STEESE.— In the Buffalo Valley church, Union Co,, Pa., 
Dec. 1, 1892, Bro. Samuel Steese, aged 73 years and 24 days. 
J. L. Beaver. 

WEYBRIGHT. — At Double Pipe Creek, Carroll Co., 
Md,, In the Monocacy congregation, Dec. 1, 1892, sister Su- 
san, widow of John Weybright, aged 66 years, 11 months and 
17 days. In one short year their daughter (sister Emma) Is 
left to battle alone with life and to sorrow over her loss. 
Dec. n, 1S91, Bro. John was summoned home and now the 
mother is called to follow him. In their death (he church 
has lost two faithful standard-bearers, whose places will not 
easily be filled. Funeral occasion Improved by the writer, 
assisted by the home brethren and Dr. Fahrney, from Rev. 
14: 5. The remains were laid away at the Rocky Ridge 
cemetery Dec. 3. E. W. Stoker. 

SMITH.— Oct. 15, 1892, sister Anna Smith, aged 82 years, 
2 months and iS days. She leaves seven children, — three 
sons and four daughters. She united with the Brethren's 
church in 1S37, and lived faithful until death. Her children 
are all in the church but one daughter. Funeral services by 
the writer from Rev. 14: 12, 13. Henry L. Fadely. 

BEER.— In the Rockton church, Clearfield Co., Pa., June 
24, 1892, Bro. Peter Beer. He united with the Brethren 
church in 1859, was chosen to the ministry In i860, and or- 
dained elder in 18S5. Funeral services by G. S. Ralrlgh, of 
Johnstown, Pa. M. E. Rairigh. 

LINEBURG — In the bounds of the Salem church, Fred- 
erick Co., Va., Annie Sarah Llneburg, youngest daughter of 
friend James and sister Maggie Llneburg, aged 3 years, 5 
months and 21 days. Funeral services by the writer from 
John 13: 7. W. H. Spiggle. 

The Gospel fllessengep 

Is the recognized organ of the German Baptist or Brethren's church, 
and advocates the form of doctrine taught in the New Testament and 
■pleads for a return to apostolic and primitive Christianity, 

It recognizes the New Testament as the only infallible rule of faith and 
practice, and maintains that Faith toward God, Repentance from dead 
works, Regeneration of tlie heart and mind, baptism by Trine Immersion 
for remission of sins unto the reception of the Holy Ghost by the laying 
on of hands, are the means of adoption into the household of God,— the 
church militant. 

It also maintains that Feet-washing, as taught In John 13, both by ex- 
ample and command of Jesus, should be observed in the church. 

That the Lord's Supper, Instituted by Christ and as universally ob- 
served by the apostles and the early Christians, Is a full meal, and, in 
connection with the Communion, should be taken in the evening or after 

That the Salutation of the Holy Kiss, or Kiss of Charity, fa binding 
upon the followers of Christ. 

That War and Retaliation are contrary to the spirit and self-denying 
principles of the religion of Jesus Christ. 

That the principle of Flain Dressing and of N on-con forrrJty to the 
world, as taught in the New Testament, should be observed by the to I- 
iowers ol Christ. 

That the Scriptural duty of Anointing the Sick with Oil, In the Name 
of the Lord, James 5: 14, is binding upon all Christians. 

It also advocates the church's duty to support Missionary and Tract 
Work, thus giving to the Lord for the spread ol the Gospel and for the 
conversion of sinners. 

In short, It la a vindicator of all that Christ and the apostles have en- 
joined upon us, and aims, amid the conflicting theories and discords of 
modem Christendom, to point out ground that all must concede to be In- 
fallibly safe. 

|yThe above principles of our Fraternity are set forth 
on our Brethren's Envelopes." Use them I Price 15 cents 
per package; 40 cents per hundred, 

Tin vou know some one lo whom you would like 
■ . ...„„,. .earns a oresentr Perhaps 

send Ihe eh one yea. as .1 pre -en. 
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rr ^n:; ;. - ^ ..... -.. *> 

more good than to use it in sending Ihe Mess. 
one year, to a person or family seeking the truth ! 

If a few thousand members would invest one dollar 
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might be the means of converting. Some well-to-do 
brother might have the paper sent to five or ten per 
sons In this way they would get right into the family 
where the most good ^^J^"*' 
that this year Lhu Mi-.^f .nci- " «"i co»l«uu -v. 
ablest articles in defense of Primitive Christianity that 
have ever appeared in our paper. We have 
from our good writers over one hundred articles that 
will appear during the year. Ever, body ought to have 
the paper. Then think of the thousands upon thou- 
sand, who would take great delight in reading Bro 
Miller's letters from the Bible Lauds. 

The Sunday-school is getting 10 he a power in the 
church. It has come to slay, and while all realize its 
„,,,,„ no , -,ii are uiv inn '!" J work the care- 
ZTl^T^Z. Helps' should be provided that 
fullv explain the text, and that, too, in such a way, as to 
co, fesp nd with our belief as a church. In this respect 
our Brethren cannot be too careful. Perfect assurance 
may be had by providing jour school with the Breth- 
en's literature, the prices of which are given e.sewhe.c 
The llrrliri-u's ^imrlirly for advanced scliolars, and 
Ihe r«-',-»,V. "mrl.-rlv for .he younger portion of Ihe 
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ble. The Sacred Volume should never be forgotten 
but should he the text-book of the Sunday-school 
scholar. Those who would like to obtain a good 
able Bible, should correspond wnh u«. We cai 
whatever you may want m that in 


ore admonished hi the apostle to give » " 
,-v man of the hope that is in us. Often » 
.gated upon points of church doctrineon whtel 

.e c-.nno. give the desired information, and would b, 
glad to know just whereto get it. "The Doctrine of 
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n the evils of the modern churcl 

lertainment? All Ihe spirituality and purity th 

characterized the church of God, has beencmi 

,.n, places by the withering Influence of ll 

filements of Ihe Lord's house. It is well that 

irage are lifting up their voices against this gigantic 

ev B. Carra'dine ha-, written an excellent little 
work "Church Entertainments; Twenty Objections, 
which we send post-paid for only 30 cents II. is P 
strong book in defense of it, position, written by a now 

- t „l pen, presenting Ihe mo,, candid and SC, al 

ighrnent of unwarrantable method, lor "loney-raislng 

the church. The spirit of the book is highly devo 

tional and cannot fail lo inspire the reader with - ■ 

Nor all can go to foreign lands and sec for then, 
Ives the many interesting sights presented to I 
servant traveler. Many have neither time 
to spend in that direction, and yet they would like to 
know something about the world at large. To such we 
recommend "Europe and Bible Lands 

of this deservedly-popular work has again been 
published. It retains all the excellencies of It. pre* 
cessor,, and with those who are Interested 
study this work will alw-.,- 
who have read the ordinary hook of .rave v.."!. 
priseS to find "Europe and Bible Lands " of thrilling 
interest for both old and young. The large number of 

books, already sold, proves that the work,- of mole 
than ordinary merit. Those who have not ye. seemed 
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„ , „ Thai i- i d. * onvcrl ""■ i"'" 1 '"' '" 

„' rM c"hlngtheGo.pelithen,ai an. urageme th, 

L dworkundertaken,havethemtaketheMi 1 »«] 
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give then. • ethlng good 10 think about In lifc'..trug- 

all the members of our chimb have thai pel 

•t knowledge of our principle., that Is »***>•. 

„,,. .„,. „ho are well acquainted with tin 

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Kara of Ihe church, that I .0 dear lo all of u. should 
1 complete compilation, such a. I. found 

in, he "Clashed Minnies of Mee.lug." will. 

the appendix, ln| '""" "<" « ["""' 

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bringing la the 11'"°' °"» Sunday school, 1" 

ling" pel < <»•' '"»«■• ' '■;""' 

have no hesitancy In saying thai il Hot step 
no merll A new edition oi this deiervcdly popolu 

Jay-school song-book has jlial hem I » '"' '■ 

,;,,.,, ha. hadaiU ..perl in S la, e 1 

1 1 1 1 '" '";::;; 

I thai II, in general, evince- ll„ . n I'"' " 

!s good judgment, The religious punt, of the 
contributed by sislei Beery, add. much 1.. ihe 

excellence ol Ih. k, Price, |1< copy, -•>"■■. 

per dozen, by mall, fi^e : by express, $, 0. .0 

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atrial We should be pleased to have you in- 
ipect the book will, a view of introducing it into your 

hool. ___ , • . 

devoted Ci.ri.Uans have longdated to have 
„„ which w.mld aid them In the ntlalnmentofa 
„,.„„», hameof mind. Such a wort we I""'"" , 

a Utile hook, .milled, "Al «' «■ 

, manual ol devotions, by J. H. Garrison, compi sea 
.erfe. of meditation, wlthform.of prayerfo. private 

devotions, family wors """ "■■;':' "'IV'T:,'^ 

of the most useful, mosl ided, 1 best adapted 

boolui of the year, and therefore It I. not .trangetn 

i, i 1 1 gone of the most popular In work 

kind Its disllng.usl.ed, gifled, pious and beloved author 
is at Ills best This book I. helpful 10 every minister, 

,,„, fidal, and Sunday-school .uperlntendtnt, a. 

n ,„ r iv n te member of the church In all age.. 

U ha. model, of prayer, sulUble for the service of the 
prayer-meeting, while lis sugges.lo,,-, medilallons and 
instructions are pre-eminenlly ealcula.ed ... he of serv- 
« In preparation for .he .olemn dull., thai restupon 
the active members. Clolh, 75 cents; morocco, ?I.«S- 
I Address this office. 

.. A noul.' life is a poem of Ihe Infinite," says a no.- 
edalor. I. is true and we are glad that our Broth- 
erhood has inen who, in the ...ness ( ' iruih 

1 ,e without feeling deeply and favorably impressed. 
The work shows how a poor orphan boy, by hard work 
and faithfulness lo his religious .on, iclions, ■ 


Lds a"" «- 'mpres-lve exa les in piety earning 

and simplicity will f..^^;;^—;'"";;:^ 

,ror,tabl'e reading ,0 all, and especially to our ^InUter. 
and isolated members. We feed lhat *»*«*"« 
fill a long-felt want in our Brotherhood. 1 ice, post 
1 1 «, 2. Agents should send for special .cms lo 
Cat'* ^work every ire. The work contain. 

4" r P .g«. »n<l I. well worth tbo -man price wked for 



pleaBBiit voyage has thus far been fally realized 
The weather has been delightfully pleasant. 
Sunshine aud clear skies, with warm, balmy 
breezes have been the order of tlie days as they 
have gone by. It has been altogether one of the 
finest of our five Atlantic voyages. For two days 
wa had the swells of the ocean, caused by a great 
storm that pissed north of us, and we were liter- 
ally "rocked io the cradle of the deep." Judging 
from the great, heaving swells that bore down 
upon us, the storm to the North most have been 
very severe. We were glad to escape with only 
two days of rocking and rolling. 

When the swells were heaviest, we were stand- 
ing on deck, looking over the rail at the dark 
waters b9low. A number of passengers, ladieB 
mostly, were sitting in steamer chairs, rangpd 
along and fastened to the iuuer and upper aide of 
the deck. The chairs are made on the principle 
of an invalid's extension chair bo that, when sit 
ting down, one is in a half-reclining postnre. 
The passengers were enjoying the refreshing 
evening breeze, and were protected by having 
heavy shawls or traveling blankets thrown over 
the lower part of the body. Suddenly a mighty 
swell bore down upon the ship and she rolled 
over until the deck Btood at an angle of at least 
forty-five degrees. As a result the luckles's pas- 
sengers slid from their chairs down the inclined 
deck and piled up at the ship's railing. A good 
deal of screaming was heard, but fortunately no 
one was injared. After this incident the deck 
was very Boon deserted. 

Bro. Lahmau proves to be a. good seaman, hav- 
ing suffered very little from spasickness and 
seems to enjoy his first ocean voyage qnite well. 
Barring the sad incident referred to at the be- 
ginning of our voyage, our journey thus far has 
been as pleasant as C"»uld be hoped for under the 
circumstances. We thank the Lord for hia pro- 
tecting care over us, and trust to him for a con- 
tinuance of the blessings which we have thus far 

To-day we cast anchor in the open roadstead 
off the Rook of Gibraltar, and our Atlantic voy- 
age is ended. We have a thousand miles or Ipbs 
to Bail on the Mediterranean before reaching Gp- 
noa, where we shall laud, but here we pass from 
the Atlantic Ocean aud sail upon the bine waters 
of the "Great Sea" No sooner is the anchor 
down than our ship is surrounded by small hoa*s 
laden with oranges, tangariues, fisrs aud other 
semi-tropical fruits, and the venders call out in a 
jargon of English, Italian and Spanish, the price 
of their commodities they have for pale. At first 
it was a question with us as to bow tbev were to 
reach the passengers who stood twenty feet above 
them on the deck of the ship. But the problem 
was soon solved. A rope was thrown up and 
caught by the would-be purchaser, a basket was 
attached, and the means of communication were 
at once established. The purchaser put bis mon- 
ey into the basket, the boatman replaced it with 
the articles desired, and in this way a brisk trade 
was kept up for several hours. The Rock of Gi- 
braltar, the strongest natural fortress in the 
world, is an immense cliff, composed of limestone, 
deuse grey marble, and red sandstone, some three 
miles in length, 1,430 feet high, and about six 

miles in circumference. It fell into the ban !s i f 
the English in 1704, and since then England has 
held the key to the Mediterranean Sea. In 1779 
France and Spain besieged the Rock, and al- 
though they kept up the siege fouf years, were 
at last obliged to give it up. The garrison 
consists of five thousand men in times of teace, 
with quarters for a hundred thousand when ne- 
cessity requires A constant food supply for five 
yearB is stored away on the Rock The bill-side 
is pierced with cave-like openings, from each of 
which the mozss'e of a cannon is faintly discerned. 
On the highest point of the mountain is a bat- 
tery of 100 ton guns. It requires 450 ponndi 
of powder for a single charge for each of these 
monster implements of death and destruction 

On the west side the rock stands on 
platean, and on this aud the sloping hill-side the 
town of Gibraltar is built. To the east the cl 
rise like giant walls from the sea. The entire 
pecfc of the place is that of solitude and inaccessi- 
bility. It stands like a huge sentinel, keeping 
everlasting watch over the waters of the sea, nat- 
ure's own impregnable fortress. 

Hoisting anchor, we sail through the Straits 
with the guns of the rock frowning down upon 
us. To the south from ten to twenty miles away 
is the clearly-outlined coast of Afiica where the 
Atlas Mountains raise a natural bulwark against 
the sea. Turning the point of the rock we have 
the coast of Spain laid ont in panoramic view be- 
fore us. All day we coast along these beautiful 
shoreB. The snow-covered heights of the Sierras 
glisten like great domes of silver in the bright 
sunlight. The sky is marvelously clear, and its 
blue tint is de<-psned in contrast with the darker 
waters of the see. A gentle breezy warmed by 
"Africa's burning sand" is borne lazily to us 
from the South, breaking the wattrs into myriads 
of ripples, which sparkle in the clear light of the 
sun, as if the diamonds of the world were set in 
the crest of each liny wavelet. On such a sea, 
with snch surroundings, one might sail on forever, 
forgetting the storms which lash the waters to 
fury and bring swift destruction to many hapless 
mariners. But as we write the enu drops iufco 
the western sea, leaving a pathway of glory be- 
hind him The light fades away, the hills of 
Spain are seen only in dim outline as the dark- 
ness comes down over laud and sea, and our day- 
dream ia ended. 

Two days and a half we sail along the shores 
f Spain, France, arid Italy; the sea as smooth as 
glass, the weather moat delightful, and then we 
cast anchor in the, beautiful baibor of " Genova La 
Snperba" as the Italians call the Oifcy of Genoa. 
The boat of the health officer comes alongside, 
and, upon hearing that we have had a death on 
board, Eays he must s^nd the. doctor to examine 
us in the morning. We are quarantined for the 
night. They remember that there were rumors 
of cholera at Njv York and are extra careful. 
As we have a clean bill of health we shall land 
early in the morning. 

Here, with the close of our sea voyage, we close 
this letter. From Genoa we go to Rome, where 
w* will spend a few weeks and then hurry on to 
Egypt. Our next letter will be from the Eternal 
Oity. We thank God and go on trusting in him. 
D. L. m. 


Solomon's Creek, Ind. — Nov. 24 we 
held a thanksgiving and harvest 
meeting. Adjoining congregations 
were well represented and eleven 
ministers were present. Dec. 3 
we met in quarterly council. Five 
letters were granted and all mat- 
ters were disposed of in harmony. 
Bro. James Neff was chosen Sun- 
day-school Superintendent. Bro, 
Daniel Shively is in the Oamp 
Creek congregation, Marshall Co., 
Ind., holding a series of meet- 
ings. — L A. Neff, Dec. 9. 

Dorrance Church, Kans. -Bro. Mo- 
ses Brubaker, of Lyons, Rice Co., 
Kans., came to us Nov. 26, and 
preached thirteen sermons. The 
meetings were very interesting, 
and the attendance and attention 
good. On Wednesday, Nov. 30, 
he preached the funeral sermon 
of Edward Keller, the son of Bro. 
Daniel and Sabina Keller. He 
died in New Mexico but his body 
was sent home and buried in the 
Wilson cemetery. On Friday, 
Dec. 2, we held our quarterly 
council. We held an election for 
a deacon. The lot fell on Bro. 
Joseph Long. May he ever prove 
faithfull— Sarah E. Shenk, Dor- 
rance, Kans., Dec. 11. 

Alfred, Kans. --Tie Washington 
Creek church met in quarterly 
council Dec. 10. All business 
was transacted in the spirit of 
love. One was received by letter 
and one letter was granted. Bro. 
H S. Garst was elected clerk (the 
former clerk having moved away). 
The writer was appointed chuTch 
correspondent. Donations were 
made for holding a BerieB of meet- 
ings, part of which was given for 
the purpose of holding a series of 
meetings in Ocerbrook, in the 
western part of our district, in 
the near future. A poor Bister in 
the western part of the State was 
remembered and the Gospel Mes- 
senger sent to her for one year. 
Bro. James Kinzie, from Appa- 
e, was present with a supply 
of the new Almanacs; he alao ob- 
tained a good list of subscribers 
for the Gospel Messenger. I 
heard one sister say, "I want to 
send the , Gospel Messenger to 
my children iu the State of Wash- 
ington." What a blessing it may 
prove to theml— Isaac L Hoover, 
Dec. 12. 

Have you a Family Bible? If not, send 
for our fine Catalogue of Family Bibles. 
We sell them as cheap as the cheapest, aud 
the quality is unexcelled. 


JamieBon, Fausset and Brown's 

From New York to Gibraltar and Genoa. 

n and unexpected death caat a gloom over 
the ship's company and this was increased when, 
on Sunday morning, it was announced that the 
body would he bniied at (ea. As the snn sank 
behind the western olouds, bathing sea and eky 
with the tints of red and gold, preparation* 
were made to give the UfelesB form to the 
waves. A platform was fastened to the side of 
the ship and all the arrangements were com- 
pleted It was sad to think of this burial, and of 

Number Two. 

Sea voyages have been described again and 

ain, Bnd descriptions will continue to multiply 

until' there shall he no more sea. The great, 

restless ocean having upon its bosom the navies ^ickenTearts "iulhaTfa.away New Eng- 

and the commerce of the world has always had an he s r okei . hea ^ q£ 

absorbing interest for humanity. To those who land horn e wh «r the w ^ ^ 

. . . v , , stand on the shore and listen to the dying mur- he death ^f b ™^ Bome / tbe pa88e ngers 

Vmmmmmm' marB o£ the wftTe8 as they lose themselves on he las U » th ffort. o ^ ^^ 

P.ease notice that th.. , the o,J Bands o£ the beach, it has '^^r^U.^., embalmed and will 
Commentary upon the whole Bible P ub- that u a , way8 8trong , and . deep interest that is ol all esp , theQ be sent baQk t0 

„ s „ed at a moderate price. It h, there- new To tho3e who g0 down to the sea in be carrier! 

10 rESSS sift ^ : 2£. ^3i«s: iX^ 

— ^.bllca, literature oft^ 

tested and proven, during one of the most ^^ by the re8tle88 wa ter8 never to be re f their boy y the joy 

active period, ever known In Biblical re- command of him who holds He was the only son ami ru y 

-* -— — : I^ngs in his hands, the sea shall give up her L, -ther, heart, the^ope^of^ father ^ ^ 

fud now we are off on our long Journey. The Lome ^ ^^Z^ STSS 
, u- u.v.ii>4» hear ua henoo, moves out f or newB from their Dny, »uu 

smooth water of the bay, passing the lower forts. 

tag 15 < 

jvldent In the still unabated de- 
At considerable outlay a new edi- 
tion of this valuable work ha< besn Is- 
sued, ta clear type, attractively bound, 
and at a price much lower than any com- 
plete Commentary ever before issued In 
extra fine English Cloth, sprinkled edges, 
the full set U vol,, *Sco; In Half Mo- 
,-occo the full set (4 vol). $10. Send to 
the Mssshngir offi:e for Circular, fully 
describing this W 

Biblical students who are 
iar with the very best Com 
this generation, are most abli 
ate the unfading freshness, the clea 

lalvtis the spiritual force, the quata. [I1(J uuo „ __ 

humor, 'and the evangelical richness of bMrd the " Kaiser Wllhtl 
1 ae of 01 

and New Testaments." It has now lasted | ""^^ ^j BQ HQ8t en and 

bTstting with cannon for the defense of the pn» 
export of our country, and we are out upon 
the broad waters of the Atlantic Ocean We 
top a moment to drop our pilot, and the last eon- 
neoHng «»k with country, hom»s, and loved ones 
r::lve g redan d we must now .00k for news from 
Lome on the other shore. In t reive days if the 
Wd prosper our voyage, we hope to oas ancho 
and land at Genoa, Italy, four thousand, three 
hundred miles away. , 

Sailing out upon the great deep on this cloudy 
November day, we wonder what the sea h » « 
8t .ore for „.. Shall we be driven h ther and 
Either, and tossed by *.■£»*• u»» *>«" 
we reach our ^^Y^pping waves 
holds her ^"Xt 1 w 11 bring to the wan- 
^^hopeevtrsinging in L heart says, 

S^^'tbese doubtless came to each of 
JL/hnndred and. five ^_ = «££ 

« The wind of the sea Is Ihe waft of death, 
The waves arc staging a song of woe : . 
By silent river, by moaning sea, 
Long and vain shall the watching be; 
Never again shall the sweet voice call, 
r the while hand rise and fall I " 

We turn away from this sad picture with heart- 
felt sympathy for the stricken home. But the 
mpression made by the sudden appearance 
death in our midst left an impression upon all 
that will not soon be forgotten. Surely, in the 
.Mat of life, we are in deathl 
B, planning our present trip to the " 
t , "7 fl aimed to take the most direct route 
from New York to Port Said, Egypt. Instead of 
loil to Northern Europe, we took a more south- 
ed™ ree which will carry us by the Azores 
I anl* to the Strait of Gibraltar. Hereto ore we 
hallaTUl at B««^ Germany, 52° North Lat- 
ft'fle On this trip we shall catch our first 
glimpse of the Extern Continent when we sight 
Cape St. Vincent, the southern point of Portugal, 
fi freen deszreeB south of Bremen. 

pofnts are gained in taking this southern 

.^^^^Z^^^l^^t^^T:^^,^, In that *™^™£rv.Zr^» to spend 
^irTe!:a n m y e„ts,. P Ithasnow,asted f^J ' ^ J UD8te n and "'^.^Kid.Cll.r and spring in Egypt and 

o'clock he said: •■ I will go ■ do« to my *«™» 0ar CQri osit : 

strength — 

time- and it bids fair to be the Co>~ 
for all coming time. True to God 
to nature, true to common sense, 

■r, h j^^^|*sr-' iui " "■■■■ 

sounds I and at 10 

B . .. X will go down to my »-^ Qar CQrio8itv 
he reached the lower deck _ he | to to, mot^ ^ ^.^ 

that direction 

Special Rates to Ministers or. Application. | were m 

^ospelMessenger Supplement. 

Vol. 81. ================ ====— 

. Mt. MOBRTS Trr ™~^ ^ 

At tin's eensoa of the v,.»,. m i 

,,. iv , more ,„„„,,. ,1 ,' -7" wu always re. 

orowd into il„ r , • ,8 P ossil >le to 

Mir,, ii„. href issue of thn ,.,.„,. 

Sill enable tint, BU PP'<»ment. ftia 

at, arlv , L 7' " ""™ " ■«■*« 

Bro mi ',; ■". ^-togi 

«.«.. if .|, ,.!,•„' ,■"'"' " H "'" r '■"■-"I..!!..,, 

- :,;::": ******* 

toping to n,,', * ln, « e «"<''«", 

:::-; ^XJ.Wks 

fa<l to read all ,,,,„,.„ is : ' V 7° not 

(li(i „ M ,,.„„. |l||f . ie ^™ «f Merest, ,n ad. 

1 '" ''" lu rtisemeni of n, 7, 
C pnny, !■,,,„ qj ( ™. ™ e Hammock Cart 

fuse, ad "* h ' *£ * ears - ^ybnzzand 

«romul« K r™t |„„' ,7 """' y Iittle fl ><* 

i «s«s^r.-sr" 

• *r:L B t° h or ft y / a ^°' ■ - w 

M.ixv brethren make it a 

TV °f doing missions^ ,' v t ' S the " ■»<! « «. dollar &M he " Ch" T ^^ 
'"' " ™*Wy in this lay? Wj,oau ™t Co mi n entary ., ,„ ^p™ C1 ™"an Lesson 

= *-»--aaai bs3s=?==-»-* 

o„ t"„.°*r" 1 " 1 ' 1 ™"" 1 - —»• »»> 2irf *","■•'•»' «« 

i| . l ;7 -good the world over. 

»o» - ,f a rnSr^ ife - Dd s«- 

gooo „«, J r d i T ni l e ' 8ndis 8tilHn 

o. yninter was a noble 

•Single immersion wan i„i,.„ i 
"omius about the yeTT f^l" >' E "- 
baokward action in b^t" dfd noL "' ^ 
"86 ^til about 370 ears ant? 6 ™ 

youngest mode of ba P LmnX^ee e 

'""'<!. that the I,i,., e , v ' to beai ' ; n 
Judgment 86at of God ^ fi °T " p at tue 
in their heart (ha,, (1 Utl more 6rr °ra 

thebook. tbeyeVercl ™'nedof in 

„ Wbat bstteTeln^oToVtW ♦ , 

Uvmg far away? It win,. ■* <-uildren 
reminder of vonr ;„, \ 8 ? rve a8 » weekly 

^^andCyX^^ 1 '^^ 

''»« »'"'u to m lr iJ ' heme »^of lead 

Let everybody wh n ;„ ■ / 
■liureh and he, „ , mteres te<3 in the 

ded to these „, 1 \ '"V'^mesbe 

well-beloved from' onTenZf V"^ I we >»™ agents 
'•on to the other and h(= iT- f the na " handed fw, "° ,,rerer ,l,ilt »" 

commendable record. "" lrf ' SUch a Ir you se n77^^e7toT ,• 

— — _ «o Preach everv,S„n,r, 0ertam P ™t 

" has a ohance on their 

Evjjur oldeTah^ulde^cotma 

r f&SFJZ&'Xfr 

erature,asaTaU a, 7 ° Urcb " ,xb » 

«ver y good,v„,k; n ;,;x^;; ]o '"^'ive in 


P?« a series of v l f n t^ 6 Y °'"}» »>»*- 
ng her trio ^!.r^ articI -. de- 

aPosfles and often hea,7s l,b, '? S H** a serieT of vZlr '^ ^^ ^'^ 
P'eaeh. fl'heu Titus cant, , T* ° f tt «» Uribbg her r L « ''f^ 8 ' artioIes .' de- 

Jan. 3, 1893 



Sitei psr Inea itcb iBisrUot. 

One time or mote Ii S° 

One month (4 times) ' 3= 

Three months (ia times) ' *o 

Six months (sj times) 1 °° 

One year (50 times) 7° 

No advertisement accepted lot less tbi.' 1 °o 

Tract Work. 

List of Publications for Sale— Sent by 
Mail or Express, Prepaid. 



C3F~The following books, Sunday-school 
supplies, etc., are for sale by the Breth- 
ren's Publishing Co., Mt. Morris, 111., or 
Huntingdon, Pa., to whom all orders should 
be addressed. 

The Brethren's Quarterly* 

For Sunday-school teachers and scholars this pub] 
cation is ol the greatest benefit. Look at our prices 

Single subscription, one year, 3$ cent 

Single subscription, per quarter locent 

Three copies, per quarter a$«nt 

Eight copies, per quarter 40 cent 

Twenty copies and over, 4 cents eac 

Hymn Books, 


The Atoning fi 

ood of Christ, 

.1 Dressing 

In (Swedish, 

In (Danish,) 

Light Hon 


dcrn Skepti 

i s n m EX3m - BCd ' I ;ithn. 
Morocco, pci 

:co, gilt edge, 

New. Tune and Hymn Books. 

copy, 1 

copy, post-paid 

Hymn Books. 

Morocco, per copy, post-paid 

Morocco, gilt edge, per copy, post-paid 

Arabesque, pei copy, post-paid 

Fine Limp, per copy, post-paid, 

Fine Limp, gilt edge, per copy, post-paid, . 
German and English, per copy, post-paid, . 



;is is a neatly-printed and well-bound 
Tie of 426 pages, containing a well- 
written biographical sketch of Kid. James 
Qulnter and forty of his sermons. 

The biographical part will be found quite 
Interesting, Instructive and Impre 
one can read an account of Bio. Qulnter'e 
life without feeling deeply and favorably Im- 
pressed. The work shows how a poor 
orphan boy, by hard work, and falthl Ini 
his religious convictions, rose step by step, 
until he reached a field of usefulnt and 
honor as broad as the Nation itself. Though 
dead, his good deeds and the impressive 
examples in piety, learning and simplicity 
will follow him for generations to come. 

The Sermon Department contains many of 
his choice sermons, which will prove exceed- 
ingly Interesting and profitable reading to all, 
and especially to onr minister*, and Isolated 
members. We feel that this book will fill a 
long-felt want In our Brotherhood. Price, 
post-paid, $1.3$. 

Brethren's PUBLISHING Co., 
Mt. Morris, 111. 

Good Books for All. 

All for Christ— By Thomas Carter. Every 

..ii.. I Christian cai t help but be benefited by 

llu: riding ol this excellent work. Cloth, 6$ cts. 

Ancient History.— By Charles Rollln, This 

landardwork 1 Id in- In every library, Price, 

cloth, ■■; 0, 

A Momilctic Encyclopedia.— By K. A. Bert- 
ram. This 1 ! - , bi ildi ■■■ giving llhi itratlons In 

in i.ii 1, 1 .1 hand I l- ol pra< ileal dlvinityi and a 

. mmi ntnrj "" Holy Si rlpture. Cloth, J2.S0. 

Before an Audience. By Nathan Sheppard. 
A nwi! ..| ■ |"-. ln-ni lil l.i .ill wlin . 1'i.ii. in i'iil>- 
1 . . i finjj tin 11- ni tlio will in public Bpealt 

. 7; ,: 

Sunday-School Requisites. ■ 

The following list ol things Is needed in all Sunday- 

Testaments, Flexible, red edge, per dozen ft 00 

Minute Books, each. 4« 

Class Books, per doien T> 

S. S. Primers, with fine engravings, per dozen,... 70 

New and Beautiful Sunday -School Sards. 

•■The Gem,'.' So picture cards, each with Bible 
text, verse o( hymn, 3S 

blue m 

The Young Disciple. 

The Young Disciplb la a neatly printed weekly, 
published especially lor the moral benefit and relig- 
ious instruction ol our young lolks. 

Single copy, one year * So 

Six copies (the sixth to the agent) 2 So 

Ten copies 4 00 

For Three Months or Thirteen Weeks. 

apies to one address fli 7° 


Why Am I Not a Christian? 

Christ and War, - - - 
Gold and Cosily Array, - - 

'.".".' z 

Send for our catalogue 


s and Hymn Books. 

and price list. 

Dayton, Ohio. 


Any book in trie market furnished at pub- 
Ishers' lowest retail price by the Brethren's 
Publishing Company, Mt. Morris, 111. Sff 
ctal fykes given when books are purchased In 
quantities. When ordering books, not on 
our list, If possible give title, name of author, 
and address of publishers. 

Webster's International Dictionary. — Latest edi- 
tion. Write for special low prices. 
The House We Live In.— By Daniel Vaniman. It 

,,[ tin. I..u 

uf the Brethrc 

For Sii Hontlis or Twenty-Sii Weeks. 

o copies to one address * 3 35 

" 'J " ( " t *£ 

o " » " " "»'.'.'.'.""'."". 7 So 

* :: :: " : ::::::::::::::.:::::::: SS 

Our paper is designed for the Sunday-school and the 
ame circle. We desire the name ol every Sunday 
:hool Superintendent in the Brotherhood, and want 
a agent in every church. Send lor sample copies. 



This excellent work, which we offer (or 
sale to our readers, at the low price of $1 50 
post-paid, Is the only one of 1! 
may be depended upon as being strictly re- 
liable. Any verse In the Bible may be readi- 
ly found by looking for any ma' I 
the verse. Besides this there are given the 
significations of the principal word . 
their true, Scriptural meaning ma 
A full account of Jewl 
monies Is given as well as it con 
cordance of the propel 1 
and of the books called 
all orders for the 

Bible Teachings in Nature- By HughMuc* 
mlllan. Nattuo and the Dlble agree, because the 

,,w ll. u.1 ..l.i. dm. I them to minister unto us, 

nndthii Is hown In the above work. Cloth, fli.7$. 

Cyclopedia of Illustrations, lly Elon Fos* 

1, i. 1 Id 1 work la arrange .1 In i" 1 " volumci , two 

1-1 wlih 1 1'.iin prose, .ui.i two, poetical llluatra* 

Cyclopedia of Sermons.— By J. Burns. This 

.,; , wlilli noi Intended to do away with Individ- 

hi h . -.. ; !i 1 row h valuable Kelp to any minis- 

, ( loth, Ja.$o. 

Events and Epochs In Religious History.— 

By James Freeman Clarko. This work Bho.wa In 

grapl i.iiipi. 1 iin- Id 1 - ■ 1 v i>l i.lli:i.'ii In the tltl- 

rcrcnl ages. Clolh,*3.w. 
Feathers for Arrows.- ByCharlea H. Spur- 
gi on, in have the arrow ol Truth ren< h the do- 

ilrcd mark la, pi rhaps, ■ <>i the groati il dlfll- 

. .1 1 1 1 . 1 il I:, 1 In- purpose ul this little work to 

aid In that direction. Cloth,#i.oo. 
God's Light on Dark Clouds.— Ily T. L. 

• given to .1 

afflicted ones. Cloth, 75 
God and the Future Life. By Chas, Nord- 

i,,.;i. \clcarand else work, treating on this 

great Issue ol life. Cloth, Ji.oo. 
History of the Christian Church.— By Phil- 
\ v. iy iplcte and 



irope and Bible Lands.— By D. L. Miller. A book 
for the people,— more comprehensive and thor- 
ough than many higher-priced works. Price, cloth, 
{1.50; leather, $2.00. 

linter and McConnell Debate —A debate on Trine 
Immersion, the Lord's Supper, and Feet-washing, 
between Eld. James Quinter (German Baptist) 
and Eld. N. A. McConnell (Christian) held at Dry 
Creek, Iowa, 1867. Price, fli.So. 


: Gospels, Chr 
Maps, Tables ol Weights and Measures, 
Record, eight elegant illustrations, etc. 
substantially bound, 54-So- 
ne People's Bible.-By Joseph Parker, i 
lent work. In twenty-lour volumes, 8v 
Per volume, li.So. 

sephua' Complete Works.— Large type. 

Illustrated with many steel and wood er 

Library sheep, $3-oo. 
ose Communion,— By Landon 1 

simple though conclui 

the Story of 
old and yc 
desiring 1 


This Is just the Quarterly for the little 
lolks. Price, Three Copies, per Quarter, 10 
Cents; 6 Copies, per Quarter, 25 Cents; 10 
I Copies and owr, p«r Quarter, 3 Cent* •«*»• 



new edition of this deservedly-popular 
lay-school song-hook has just been is- 

Bro. Beery has had a large experience In 
Sunday-school work, and the book which we 
ofier to the Brethren, and Ihr; public In gen- 
eral, evinces the exercise of talent as well as 
good judgment. The religious purity of the 
hymns, contributed by sister Beery, tdda 
much to the excellence of the book. 

Price per single copy, 25 ds ; pi 
mail, $2.50; by express $2.50. Lots of more 
than a dozen must be sent by expn . 

. Pom. 


Mt. M'T.I. HI 

All for 55 Cents! 

The MONON ROUTE has added to Us 
already splendid equipment, two brand new 
dining-cars, which are now in daily service on 
the fast day trains between Chicago and Lou- 

These cars are models of convenience, 
comfort, and beauty, and are operated on the 
a la carte plan, which means that a passenger 
can get anything he wants and pay only 
for what he gets. An elegant tteak, with 
bread, butter, coffee or tea with creai 
served for only 5$ cents. 

Watch for the MONON'S-new schedule to 

John Ploughman's Talk and Pictures. By 

1 . n. Spurgi ■■.. I 111 1 sorl 1 1 ao ' adylce 

, n„. ,„,,. tlcal QMitlana ol lid In language au 

nin il,. il lie " who n Hi in. iv 11 ad an 1 undei 

and." (lull.. Si.oo. 
Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah.— By 

Ifn 1 1 dcrsl a thoi [li worl . ol 1 peclal 

. ,, , ,,, uii.i,.. students. Two volumes, cloth, 


in Life, Death and Eternity. - 
Zseliokkc. Thla is a translation iroi 
1 originally publlahcd bj thai 1 

be Interesting. In two 
.cloth, each.fli.fio. 
Modem Doubt and Christian Unbelief. — By 

. (lil ,.,,.,,. , llM Hi.i.. I'hlH work affords a com- 

,,i, 1 ,. 1 [cw ..1 the lasuea ol the ! 'i.'\. ■ ■ B 

thel hristl illglon. Cloth, *3.oo. 

Natural Law in the Spiritual World.-By 

Henry Druini I. A valuable work totheener- 

g ct|i Bible student. Cloth, ji.oo. 
Pulpit Cyclopedia.— Ily J. Burns. Similar 

in J.1..H i.l wink ,iml Rotieral thatarti" I 1 Hi'' " Cy- 

, | opi (J] , ol Sermon ■•" Cloth, *2.;a. 
Spurgcon's Gems. — By C. H. Spurgeon. 
I . , .„ , 1 . the title Indicatea, contain 

I be found in the aermons of 

Sermons on Living Subjects.— By Horace 

Two Worlds are Ours.- By Hugh Macmil- 

I in A-' I1.1-- !■ > ■ li i" ; v '"' 1 ' 1 '" "'" "'"■' '''" 

,,,„.[, v,<; : kill do well to read this work. Cloth, 

Types and Emblems.— By Charles H. Spur- 
;,,,.„. Showa plainly the application ol those 
beautiful liRurcs, used by the sacred writers. 
Cloth. $1.00. 
The Parabolic Teaching of Christ.— By A. 
[Jiuo-. A .ii"l Critical Study of the 

■ ! Lord. Cloth, Jz.Jo. 

The Prayers of the Bible.— By Philip Wat- 

The Life of Trust.— By George Muller. In 
this work it may be seen how a perfect faith Is re- 
waided by the blcssii"^ o' God. Cloth, S1.50. 

The Works of Flavius Josephus.— Trans- 
lai Uromthe Original Greek by William Whis- 
ton A M This is a full and complete edition 
and the fine, large type makes it acceptable to alL 
Clutb, |a.w; alligator, fla-So; aheep. $2-<x>. 

rm. i .OSPEL Ml 

Jan. 3, 1893 



Absolutely Pure. 



Jan. ii, Alvin church, to be held In It 

A Fine Family Record! 

Size, 16x22 Original made with a pen, 
worth $150 Made especially for the Breth- 
ren's homes. Send 50 cents for a copy. A 
fine circular giving full description free. Write 
at once to G. E. Weaver, Principal Art De- 
partment, Mt. Morris College, Mt Morils, 111. 


1 If'tiittrtt. 1 




Alone with God. 


Parm for Sale I 

A desirable 80 acre farm, three miles north 
and one half mile west of Parsons, Labette 
Co., Kans, fairly well improved. For fur- 
ther particulars or plat of farm call on or ad- 
dress, J. V. Ei Licit, Cerro Gordo, III. eotl 

For Sstle I 

Having a desire to de\ 
church work, I offer one quarter section of 
choice farm land for sale. This farm has a 
good house, barn, fences, well, and a nice 
spring. It is situated aj£ miles south of 
the Brethren's meeting-house In Shannon, 111. 
It Is also within one mile of a good creamery. 
I also offer 50 head of registered Short Horn 
Cattle, 15 males and 35 females, — choice In- 
dividuals at a very low price. Address for 
particulars, D. Rowland, Lanark, III. 

Farm for Sale. 

ual of devotions, by J. H. Garrl- 
comprises a series of meditations with 
s of prayer for private devotions, family 
hip and special occasions. It is one of 
nost useful, most needed, and best adapt- 
ed books of the year, and therefore It Is not 
strange that It Is proving one of the most 
popular. In work of this kind Its distin- 
guished, gifted, pious and beloved author Is 
at his best. This book is helpful 
minister, church official, and Sunday-school 
superintendent, as well as every private 
ber of the church In all ages. It has models 
of rJrayer, suitable for the service of the 
prayer-meeting, while Its suggestions, medi- 
tations and instructions are pre-eminently 
calculated to be of service In preparation for 
the solemn duties that rest upon the active 
members. Cloth, 75 cei 
Address this office. 



A desirable property located i}£ miles east 
of Mt. Morris, consisting of 1S5 acre6of well. 
Improved land. One of the finest country 
residences in Ogle County. For further par- 
ticulars call on, or address, 

Elizabeth Middlkkaufr. 
4»' Mt. Morris, 111. 

Excursio ns to Ca lifornia. 

Incursions In charge of M. M. Eshelraan, Immlgra- 
Hon Agent, will leave Chicago over the ■• Santa Fe Route *' 
Tuesdays, and^.i. City, during the year 
.89., on dates M follows: 

Chicago, January .6, February 23, March ■>, April .6, 
M.y » 4 , June *S, July 3 6, August 13, September a 7 , Oc- 

Kansas City, January 97, February 14, March 33, April 
17, May sj, June »r>, July 87, August 34, September >B, 

:hester, California, prior to the t 5 th of each month, 

iojo Union Avenue (opposite Union Depot), Kansas City, 
Mo., stating when and where they wish to join one of 
these excursions, aod he will give them full Information, 
uid if desired will reserve berths In Tourist Sleeping Car 
lor them. Do not (all to write him; he will do you good 

James T. Quinlan, 

Shipping & Commission Merchant, 

305 S. Charles St., Baltimore, Md. 


Chicago and St. Louis, 





Warsaw, Ind., 





Gen. Pass. Agt., 

My New Method! 



We make a specialty of plain clothing, 
put In good cloth and trimmings and make 
them up first-class In every way. 

Complete catalogue of all kinds of clothing 
for men and boys, rules for self-measurement, 
tape-measure, and samples of cloth, from 
which Brethren's suits are made, will be sent 
to- any address on receipt of six cents In 
stamps, : ^ yI 


Dr. WrigfLnan's Sovereign Balm of Life 


The Hollinier Fence 

We are still in the field, pushing the best 
Fence In the world with all the force possible. 
Parlies, desiring to correspond with us, should 
observe the following 


B2TA11 orders from Ohio should be ad- 
dressed to Miami Fence Co., Miamlsbure 
Ohlo. S 

t»-All orders from Pennsylvania should 
be addressed to Pennsylvania Fence Co., Un- 
ion Deposit, Pa. 

CS"A11 outside of the above States, should 
be addressed to Holllnger Fence Co Green- 
ville, Ohio. 

taTDuring the Bible Term, visitors at Mt. 
Morris can get full information from David 
Holllnger, Mt. Morris, 111. 4 8 tt 

Wolf's Business College. 


Show Pigs a Specialty ! 

I in 

I have an extra fine lot of fall Pigs for 
le; also several from last spring, Either Sex. 

rite correspondence, or come lo my place. 

es may be ascertained by correspondence. 


t 4 Roanoke, Huntington Co, Ind. 


Jerusalem! Jerusalem! 

Vhat could be more beautiful and touchto 
ture of Christ as he stood upon Olivet looki 

1! Jerusalem'" We have such a p^aurT'ux. 

A New Catalogue' for '93, 

try House, Symptoms , 


's Cough and Croup Cure 

iKS such as morphia, opium, chloral, etc. 
ly harmless. It is highly endorsed for 
Our Cough and Croup Cure is second lo n 
:ll it on the strong guarantee, "No cure 

n the Gosi'bl Mes- 

S. E. Dubbel & Co., 

Manufacturers and Proprietors, 
Waynesboro, Franklin Co., Pa. 

m« A d'S.?',Sp , r.d »'51«A fiteS S"StruZ 

Annual Meeting held at Ceda, Rapids, u„. „„; 

The Gospel Messenger. 

" Bet for the Defense of the Gospel." 

Vol. 31, Old Series 

Mt. Morris, 111., and Huntingdon. Pa, Jan. 10, 189S. 

The Gospel Messenger. 

H. B. Brumbaugh, Editor, 

ISP- As the Toimg Disdflc and the Quarterlies are publish- 
ed at Mt. Morris, orders tor them and Sunday-school sup- 
plies should be sent to that office. 

Table of Contents, 


Thought. By Sadie Bralller NoBslnger, I 

Good News Comes o'er the Sea, 2 

Essays, — 

On Earth Peace. By W. B. Stover, J 

Primitive Christianity, as Understood and Practiced 
by the Brethren. By A. W. Reese. Faith.— 

Part s 1 

Employment In Heaven. By Jas. M. Neff, I 

Health. By U. Miller I 

The Sophistry of Ingersoli. By John M. Stover 1 

Golden Gleanings 1 

Missionary and Tract Work Department- 
Missionary Items, 2 

Reasons Against Secret Orders. By H. C. Early. 


Items, 2 4> 2 5 

Editorial Wanderings in the Old World. No. 3 25 

Correspondence 20, 21, 26, 27, :8 

Notes from Our Correspondents 2S, 29 

Matrimonial 30 

Fallen Asleep 2° 

Advertisements, 31, 3 3 

Announcements, 32 


Substance of a Recent Sermon by W. B. Stover. 

Chribtmas day, celebrating the birth of Christ, 
ought to be the most joyful of all the days of the 
year. Let the children every-where rejoice and 
be happy it the many gifts they receive of their 
parents and friends; then, when they become men 
and women, they can all the more celebrate this 
day, and appreciate God's gift to ns, — his only 
Son. And while we are rejoicing, we may in- 
crease our joy if we recall the fact that just 179 
years ago to-day six persons, the first fruits of 
America to us, were baptized yonder in the Wie- 
sahickon Creek. 

"Glory to God in the highest, on earth peace, 
good will toward men." In Luke 2: 1-1 these 
words are recorded as the song of the angels. Im- 
agine, if you can, a throng in heaven gathered 
about the throne. The eternal Father stands be- 
fore them, giving instruction,— heaven's singing 
class and heaven's Teacher. The lesson learned 
they hasten quickly to the earth to chant the glad 
refrain unto the sons of men. It is the announce- 
ment of the divine will. In the midst of it is the 
divine proclamation for universal peace. "On 
earth peace." The angels have learned the Fa- 
ther's wish and now they tell it to men just as 
well as they know how. They wish it, too, since 
the Father wishes it. 

All heaven is for peace and the great principles 
of peaoe, It is the Father's will. The Son com- 
maude it. The Holy GhoBt requires it. The an- 
gels wish it. 

This is heaven's way, "Resist not evil." This 
is earth's way, "Self-defence is the first law of 
nature." The one says, "Love your enemies;" 
the other says, " Destroy them." The one says, 
"Do them good;'' the other says, "Do them 
harm;" the upper says, "Pray for them;" the low- 
er says, " Bring them to terms;" the upper says, 
" Thou shalt not kill;" the lower Bay?, " You may 
in case of necessity." 

Again, the Divine mind is this. "If thine ene- 
my hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink," 
but it is the spirit of evil which says, " Now is 
your time, let his necessity be your opportunity." 
Again, we cannot help bnt notice a strangely deep 
significance of the words of Job, " A soft answer 
turneth away wratli," when we think of them in 
connection with the three peace words of the Ser- 
mon on the Mount, or the three peaoe words of 
the angel chorus. 

I am glad the history of our church is so clear 
on this great doctrine. Did you ever study the 
growth of any doctrine? There is nothing in this 
line that I ory 

will pi-no aim, Aji' bne same'anioont of time and la- 
bor, so clear and commendable ideae as simply 
the study of the growth of doctrine. How did we 
come to our present belief? Do we believe be- 
cause our fathers did? Do we believe what they 
did? Take for instance the doctrine of baptism, 
or, rather, the design of baptism. Consider the 
doctrines of the Lord's Supper and the Commun- 
ion. Get the history of opinions concerning sep- 
aration from the world. Study the growth of any 
doctrine, and the time so spent is well spent. 

Oar principles of "peaoe on earth" have, too, 
their history. We did not find them. They were 
given to us. But the record is always so clearly 
defined. One tall brother would rather hang by 
his thumb and toe than to enlist in Frederick 
William's army of giants, and thus violate his 
conscience. One of our first bishops, if not the 
first, cut off the first four letters of his name that 
he might not bear the name of a warrior. He 
said he was a man of peace and it was not good 
usage for a man of peace to have a name which al- 
ways sounded war-like. He preferred to have a 
name that did not signify anything, to one that 
was in open opposition to his espoused principles. 
The fact is not much in itself, bnt it shows how 
deep-Beated was the peace principle in the lives 
and characters of those early men. 

Our early fathers, too, were men of excellent 
education. They ranked high in social positions. 
They met opposition and were equal to it because 
they were prepared for it. But there came a time 
that proved unfortunate. There were two classes, 
the belligerent and the non-belligerent Christians, 
or, the fighting and the non-fighting Christians'. 
The Friends, and the Drinkers, and the Moravi- 
ans, and the Mennonites, add the Schwenckfeld- 
ers, and others, believed in non-resistance and 
practiced it. When the Indians came to them 
they treated them civilly. Bnt if an Indian did 

an unkind thing to the man of warlike mind, the 
next Indian was shot by him. 
.. Soon IndinnB were hostile and the non-resistant 
government and idea of William l'enn got all the 
blame, though it was not entitled to any of it. 
Then came, through tho efforts of a certain 
preacher, who was hostile to the non-resistant 
idea, a large sum of money to establish schools. 
Thin money went into the hands of the belligerent 
Christians. This placed the schools in the hands 
of bolligoreut Christiana, and quickly the non- 
belligerent Christians perceived the unfair scheme 
of making proselytes of their children, and so 
they said overy-where, rather than have their chil- 
dren taught principles of hostility, they would 
keep them from the schools, and so they did. 
Does the term " Pennsylvania Dutch " in the 
mindB of some signify ignorance? Here is the 
cause for it. In the minds of others that same 
term signifies even more fully religion. See those 
old fathers contending for their faith I See them 
sacrificing privilege for principle! O, I some- 
times fear that in our efforts, in behalf of some 
other things, probably of less importance, this 
great theme of heaven may receive but minor rec- 

/ universal , «»ace? w " 
' uiii that Christ s Sermon on tue Mouut 
was but ideal, that the song of the angels was but 
a poem, that such a hopo is fanciful. There is a 
way to reach that point, and but one way. "Re- 
sist not evil." That means me. Peace on earth 
cannot be established by the State. It cannot be 
established by the nation. It cannot be estab- 
lished even, probably, by the church. There io 
but one way it can come. That way is by the in- 

You will remember an oft-told story of a cer- 
tain town that had such dirty streets. For a long 
time their great men were discussing that grave 
question. No solution was found till one day 
some one luckily remarked, " Let every man clean 
up before his own house." The thing was set- 
tled. The oity was cleansed. There never was 
any trouble after that. This is the solution of 
the whole matter. Peace on earth must be up- 
held by the individual. It is the only reasonable 

Look beyond our great Atlantic. There are, in 
the Europeau countries to-day, nine millions of 
men in arms for war. That does not look much 
like peace. Nine million men! Prepare for war 
to keep the peace! It takes no more to support a 
man in idleness at home than it does to support 
him in work away from home. Let this vast army 
of warriors be converted. Let them be fighting 
for heaven instead of fighting for earth. Let 
them throw away their musty muskets and rusty 
sabers, and go forth to battle for the Lord. Let 
their feet be shod with the preparation of the 
Gospel of peace, and their weapon be the Sword 
of the Spirit, and their defense be the breastplate 
of righteousness. There are yet eight years un- 
til this century shall be closed. There are a 
thousand million souls to whom the Gospel has 
never yet been preached! Let this host go forth 
to these lost ones, and eaoh man should have eight 

(Concluded on Pago at.) 

■<r QtUie^M^t /. "CjZ 



'Study to show thyse 

Alt. faint and wretched, ead and lone, 

1 wrestled 'neath a hard decree; 
And mused and wondered, when a thought 

Burst In upon my reverie. 
It nestled deep within my heart, 

And whispered : " Surely thou art blind 
Or thou would'bt see that God is good 

And all his judgments wise and kind." 
I, listening, marveled at the power 

Which bade me rise from pain released, 
And pondered o'er the wondrous hush 

That calmed me, ere the voice had ceased. 
Full long, full deep I pondered, till 

More sweet, more radiant, seemed the thought; 
And more profound the wondrous hush; 

And more divine the change It wrought. 
«' Oil heart! " I cried, » Thy night is past. 

Oh thought! my soul shall cleave to thee. 

Uphold my spirit with thy breath, 

And evermore abide with me." 
" Breathe on, and let my fears be calmed. 

Breathe on, breathe on eternally. 
Breathe light In darkness, strength In pain, 

And peace in woe's extremity." 
" Thus shall my' joy be full, complete." 

It sank within my spirit's core, 
And, blinded by its radiance, 

I only marveled more and more. 
Days dawned, days vanished. But anon 

When sorrows rose to fret my mind, 
It whispered: " Know that God Is good, 

And all Ids judgments wise and kind." 
■•■Tmrrr; Q^p-wWUJU]»y^eaa'Uil4ie^ts_ .. . ^__ 

I built a kingly, holy shrine, 
With sure foundations: dazzling fair, 

Whereon might dwell this thought divine. 
new, Pa., Nov. *j. 


and shr.uld be 

cm to the author of the article 




it Is impossible to please him; 

Part Five 

Who can understand what God is? Self-exist- 
ent, — having neither beginning nor end, omnipo- 
tent, omniscient, omnipresent. "Who can com- 
prehend the Trinity, the Godhead, the three in 
one, the one in three? What human intelligence 
can solve, or grasp, the idea of the immaculate 
conception, the resurrection, the eternity, the fi. 
nal judgment? These are beyond the utmost 
stretch of the finite mind. 

We accept these things, we believe them, not 
because we have even a remote, or shadowy con- 
ception of their infinite, mysterious meaning, 
but, simply, because God has declared them. 
We cannot reason on these things, we cannot un- 
derstand them, but we must believe and accept 
them if we accept the Bible as the Word of God. 
We cannot choose what part of it we may receive, 
and what part we may reject, for " all Scripture 
is given by inspiration." "The prophecy came 
not, in old time, by the will of man, but holy 
men of old spake as they were moved by the Ho- 
ly GhoBt." We must accept it all, or none. The 
appeal to reason ia futile, even in the seemingly 
simple phases of the Word. 

Our Savior says, "He that believeth and ia 
baptized shall bo Baved." But who can give any 
other reason for baptism, than that Christ com- 
mands it to be done? We are commended to 
wash one another's feet; there is uo command, 
inside the lids of the New Testament, any plainer 
than that, yet, aside from the purposes of person- 
al cleanliness, human reason cannot explain the 
necessity for this ordinance of the church, and 
yet our Savior gives no such intimation of its 
purpose. On the other hand, it seems of such vi- 
tal importance that our Lord declared to the re- 
luctant Peter, " If I wash thee not, thou hast no 
part with me." Without obedience there can be 
no manifest evidence of faith. It is the infallible 
test of faith. We do not always discriminate be- 
tween faith and knowledge. These are by no 
means synonymous terms. Indeed, they are sel- 
dom convertible terms! Not perceiving this fact, 
we are sometimes led to assert things which 
we cannot prove. The dilemma, in which we are 
thus placed, leaves us in the power of the op- 
position, and cannot but" 

" Make the judicious grieve." 

For example, the skeptic denies certain things 
sst forth in the Word of God, say, the immortali- 
ty of the soul, and he demands the proof. He 
will be satisfied with nothing short of absolute 
demonstration. He wants bona fide evidence, he 
wants you to show up the matter on the same 
level plain by which you would demonstrate a 
problem in Euclid. Now this cannot be done, 
and if you undertake to do it, you will fall head- 
long into a pit. 

You may not think so at the start, but you will 
before yon get through. You may, perhaps, re- 
fer triumphantly, to the language of Paul: 2 Cor. 

1, "For we know that, if our earthly house of 
tiiis tabernacle were dissolved, we have a houee 
not made with hands, ^eternal ia the -heavens." 
But Paul had, really, no personal knowledge of 
this fact. He had never crossed " the silent riv- 
er " and entered 

The declaration of Paul, " For we knew, etc., 
was not an assumption of actual, personal knowl- 
edge, but an expression of faith. It was the an- 
nouncement of a faith so strong, in fact, that it 
amounted to an assurance, — a settled conviction 
of the truth. If we omit/m77t as a factor in the 
case we can prove very little contained in the 
Bible. The strongest evidence of its inspiration 
is the Book itself. The Brethren church accepts 
the Scriptures, both of the Old and the New Tes- 
tament, as the Word of God. They believe these 
to be the only infallible rule of faith and prac- 
tice. The Brethren believe all that is recorded 
in the Book. 

They believe that God means just what he 
says, and says just what he means. They inter- 
pret the Word according to its plain and oommon 
sense meaning. When our Savior said to his 
disciples, " Ye ought to wash one another's feet," 
they believe that a very plain command, and 
they do it. They don't propose to substitute 
something else, as for instance, if you do for your 
brother some other humble thing, as to black his 
shoes, curry his horse, etc., will do just as well. 

When the Scripture says, "Greet all the 
brethren with an holy kiss, " they do not evade 
the command, and say, as do some, " O that was 
the common form of Christian salutation in that 
day, but if Paul had been living now, in this en- 
lightened (?) day, # he would have said, "Just 
shake hands with your brother, that will do as 
well," Juat us if everybody now, saint and sin- 
ner alike, did not greet each other in that wayl 
When the apostle says, "Mind not high things, 

but condescend to men of low estate," the 
Brethren try to obey that command instead of 
following the example of fashionable Christiani- 
ty, which seems, in this respect, to have reversed 
the order of things. 

The Brethren regard all the commandments, 
contained in God's Word, of vital importance. 
They insist on obedience to that Word as the on- 
ly genuine test of Christian character. When 
the Scriptures declare a thing, they seek no fur- 
ther reason for accepting that thing. They be- 
lieve that the Word of God, so far as it relates to 
the salvation of meD, is within the comprehension 
of all. They do not much concern themselves 
about the mysterious purposes of God. They be- 
lieve that Christ died for the sins of the whole 
world, and not for a select few. 

They believe in the free agency of man, — that 
" whosoever will, may partake of the water of life 
freely." They believe that, in the offer of salvation 
to men, God was honest with his creatures, that 
he gives every man a chance for eternal life. In 
this age of spectacular devotion, the plain and 
simple worship of the Brethren church, forms a 
marked and striking contrast. In an age of 
worldly ostentation and display, their frugal style 
of living, their non- conformity to the world in 
dress, in manners, in their conversation, and hab- 
its of thought, cannot fail to mark them as "a 
peculiar people." 

In view of all these things, that the Brethren 
are not in sympathy with the methods, the habits, 
and the customs of popular, worldly, and fashion- 
able churches, cannot be a matter of surprise. 
How can such a people worship " the meek and 
lowly Jesus," — born in a stable, and cradled in a 
manger, who was so poor that he "had not where 
to lay his head," — iu temples of more than Pagan 
splendor? The Brethren church recognizes, as 
the main, cardinal principle of the to3y, — tlrat 
"to know and to do the will of God," is "the 
whole duty of man." Finally, the embodiment 
of their faith might be summed up in the lan- 
guage of our Lord and Master, "If ye know these 
things, happy are ye if ye do them." 

National Military Home, Kans. 


To my mind, the idea which eo many people 
seem to have of heaven, that it is a place of ham- 
mocks and arm-chairs, and luxuries of every 
kind, a place to rest, eat and sleep in, is a false 
one. There is, I am glad to know, a rest that re- 
maineth to the people of God. But that is the 
rest that comes from the removal of all car?, un- 
easiness and anxiety, in the absence of the intru- 
sion of evil, and in freedom from duties that are 
disagreeable and irksome. This, however, does 
not argue that all our work will be done when we 
get to heaven, and that God will have nothing 
more for us to do. On the other hand, I believe 
that then our work will only be begun. 

I think of heaven, not as a place of quiet and 
inaction, but as a place of noise and activity. I 
imagine there is the hurrying to and fro of the 
saints and angels on their errands of love and 
service. I imagine I hear a great noise, — not the 
noise of commerce and the clamors of self-seek- 
ing men, not the commands of policemen and the 
Bhrieks of wretchedness and woe, but the flapping 
of white robes and the sweep of angels' wings; 
the shouts and songs of praise and redemption 
going up from the redeemed. 

But what can be the nature of the work we 
will there have to do? I answer to serve God 
and help one another. I believe we will need 
one another's help over there. I believe we will 


enter heaven at the 8ame stage of spiritual devel- 
opment as that in which death finds us. There 
will be as many different degrees of thiB develop, 
ment there as there are among good people here. 
For instance, Bro. A., while in this life, though 
perhaps just as pious and devoted as Bro. .15., 
was so hindered by poverty and adverse cir- 
cumstances, or perchance a dull intellect, that he 
did not attain to near bo thorough a knowledge 
of the Scriptures as did Brother B. Now ia it 
reasonable to suppose that Bro. A. can go to 
heaven and meet Adam and Enoch, Methuselah 
and Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, Moses and Miriam, 
David and Solomon, Elijah and Jonah, without 
desiring to know all about their history? And is 
it reasonable to suppose that he can know all this 
without learning it? No, no! He must learn 
there all that he did not learn here. Then a part 
of Bro. B'b. work will be to assist Bro. A. in the 
attainment of this divine knowledge. 

Then there is Bro. , who is a very good man, 
but he was never able to sing well. He seemed 
to enjoy the services of God's house, and was al- 
ways punctual in his attendance there, but he 
could not sing. But there was sister D., who 
could slug like an ang6l. Her voice was bo sweet 
and heavenly, and it seemed so easy for her to be- 
come proficient in music. Now, is it reasonable 
to suppose that Bro. C, would want to live forev- 
er amid the melodious harmony of angels' voices 
without joining in the choruses? No, no! Then 
it will be a part of sister D's. work to teach Bro. 
C. how to sing. 

Then, too, I believe there will be a great many 
meetings in heaven. A praise meeting here, and 
a song service there, and these, perhaps, long dis- 
tances apart. But distance there will not be as 
'distance here, and work will not be toil. O, if I 
,am so happy as to reach heaven, I shall want to 
attend all these meetings; for then we can go 
without tiring, and we can sing and the throat 
will not become dry. And I shall want to enter 
npon a course of Scriptural study, and a course 
of heavenly music, and continue until I have 
fathomed the deep things of God, and until I can 
sing like an angel. 

But if Bro. A, gets to heaven with an imper- 
fect knowledge, and Bro. C, with an imperfect 
skill, will their joy be complete? Are we to be- 
lieve' in perfect happiness in heaven? I answer 
Yes, and No. "We will perfectly enjoy all that 
we have a capacity for enjoying, but there will 
be a difference in capacities, and as our capaci- 
ties are enlarged, our happiness will increase. 
And the assistance we can render each other in 
enlarging these capacities will give work for all. 

It is wrong, dear reader, to wish for a heaven 
where there is nothing to do. It indicates a self- 
ish laziness, such as God will not give room to 
in heaven. I believe heaven is a condition in 
which all hindrances are removed, and our possi- 
bilities and opportnnities for serving God will be 
infinitely enlarged. "We Bhall serve God day and 
night in his temple. "We Bhall be kings and 
priests nnto God. We shall be rulers over cities. 
And if our hearts are right, if we love God as we 
should, our chief desire will not be for a 
where we can live in everlasting idleness, but 
where we can serve our Loving Father perfectly. 
Covington, Ohio. 

the absolute essential to the performance of man's 
proper dntieF. God has given us these bodies 
nr earthly use. When we disobey the laws 
of health, we sin against our Maker. Without 
health we cannot be useful to ourselves, our 
fellow-men, or our God. I believe it as much a 
duty to preserve our health as to love our neigh- 
bor. The Creator has given us many duties to 
perform, the performance of which depends on 
the possession of health or strength. If we 
break the laws of health, we destroy our ability 
to perform our God-given dutiep. Our fore- 
parentB were Btronger and longer-lived than the 
generation of to-day. Bnt they, by disobeying 
the laws of health, have, as a general rule, hand- 
ed down to this generation weak constitutions, 
and hence, frail bodies. 

Look around us to-day, and can we see a 
healthy person, one whose blood bounds through 
his veins, bearing health, whose lips are free 
from a fever's blight, whose sleep ia sweet and 
whose days and nights are free from pain? 

Ah no! People are not only physically weak, 
but mentally weak. A strong mind is found in a 
sound body. If wo would try as hard to get 
health as we do the good things of this world, 
which, not unusually, ore the bad ones, we cer- 
tainly would be of greater use to both God and 

In the libraries of our homes may be found 
books of all claBBes, — those with long treatises of 
diseases, with medicines to cure them, but noth- 
ing to prevent them. We eat unwholesome food, 
improper quantities and at improper timeB. We 
breathe impure air, and sleep in confined rooms, 
as though we regarded the pure air of heaven as 
dangerous. We get sick. Some think it a visita- 
tion of providence. Then it is drugs, drugs! 
MedioineB are all richt*int ; i^ : '- ------ , -\— ,\ 

their place is "noVoften in the human stomach, 

Lot us preserve our health, that we may perform 

our proper duties. 3 John 1: 2. 

Mexico, Ind. 



The earthly dwelling place of our spirit ia the 
body. The eyes are the windows of this residence. 
Health,— what is it? It is that condition of the 
human body, when both mind and body perform 
their duties in unison and without pain. It ia 



In the November number of the North Ameri- 
can Review appears a biography of the French 
philosopher, Renan, by Robert G. Ingersoll. In 
this article the colonel makes the statement, 
" The time has arrived when Jesus must become 
a myth or a man." In his treatment of Jesus at 
a man, he follows a course which ia perfectly nat- 
ural from such a standpoint, viz , that he was not 

In proof of this theory he represents Jesus as 
passing through several stages or phases of re- 
ligious development. First, as a devout Jew who 
endeavors to comply in all respects with the Old 
Law. This he tries to prove by quoting, or rath- 
er misquoting Matt. 5: 34, 35, "Swear not by 
heaven, because it is God's throne, nor by earth, 
for it is his footstool: nor by Jerusalem, for it is 
his holy city." 

He gives this distorted quotation as a proof 
that Jesus was a consistent Jew. But the colo. 
nel, through mistake, ignorance, or a willful de- 
sire to pervert the Scriptures,— we leave our 
readers to judge which, — omitted the first clause 
of the quotation, "But I say unto you, Swear not 
at all," which makes the distinction between Jew 
and Christian. The Jew was to swear truthfully, 
in the name of God. Daut. 6: 13. The Chris- 
tian is to abstain from swearing. 

Further on Mr. Ingersoll says, " We find plen- 
ty of evidence that he wished to reform the re- 
ligion of the Jews; to fulfill the law, not to abro- 

gate it." "He has ceased his efforts to reform 
that religion, and has become a destroyer." 

The sophistry of his first statement, we think, 
has been clearly shown. In the second and third 
there is no real distinction. To fulfill the law, 
waB to abrogate it. The types and shadows of 
the law are but so many finger-boards, pointing 
to the great antitype, of which the law and the 
prophets were bnt the forerunners. Again, he 
says, " People who asserted that Christ was di- 
vine, that he was actually God, reached the con- 
clusion without any laborious course of reason- 
ing, that all he said aud did was perfection. 
Now, if it is admitted that he was human, the 
conclusion that he was perfect, does not follow." 

But the most astonishing imputation which 
Mr. Ingersoll makes against the perfection and 
divinity of Jesus, ia this, "Christ imagined that 
the world was about to be destroyed or purified 
by fire. We know, — if we know anything, — that 
Jesus waa mistaken about the coming of the end. 
Having made this mistake, having acted upon it, 
certainly we cannot now say that he waa perfect 
in knowledge." 

To give this imputation its death blow, we 
need but to quote Rev. 1:8, "I am Alpha and 
Omega, the beginning and the end, saith the 
Lord, which is, and winch was, and which ia to 
came." If the colonel were not blinded by his 
own fallacious theory, he would recognize Christ 
in his true character,— that of God and man. 
He was a man in fleBh, but God in spirit. 
Philpp. 2: 0, 7, " Who being in the form of 
God, thought it not robbery to be equal with 
God, but made himself of no reputation, and took 
upon him the form of a servant, aud was made in 
the likeness of men." Now, as God is a spirit, 
and has not a physical form as man, the j Jilfe", 1 ';~f» 

r'Tt' -^ ; *~ .'.'., '.'-J^uoowivo oeen in spirit, 

whioh would make Christ's spirit divine. 

Now, if Christ " ia to come" where is the foun- 
dation for the assertion, that "Christ imagined 
that the world was soon to be destroyed by fire." 

Thus are brought to naught, one by one, the 
attacks of the skeptic. But, when Christ shall 
come, the mists shall roll from before our eyes 
like smoke before a gale, aud all the cunning de- 
vices that have been invented by the skeptice, to 
rob God of his glory, and draw men from his 
great plan of salvation,— shall be scattered like 
chaff. Christ, who lived and died, that we might 
know how to live and die, and who returned 
again to his Father's throne to prepare a place 
for us, shall welcome each of his faithful ones 
with that glad welcome, " Well done, thou good 
and faithful servant: enter thou into the joy of 
thy Lord." 
Mt. Morris, 111. 


"He that excuses himself for Bin on the plea of 
passion or disposition admits himself a slave. To 
serve his passion, we suppose, is pleasant, be- 
oauee his service is a willing service. If he 
willed to overcome his master, and liberate him- 
self, he has the power given him to win the bat- 
tle. The Word of God is the Emancipation 
Proclamation for every servant of sin." 

The following are rules of contentment, given 
to young people by an English Quakeress, many 
years ago: 

1. Allow thyself to complain of nothing, not 
even the weather. 

2. Never picture thyself to thyself under any 
circumstances in which thou art not. 

3. Never compare thine own lot with that of 


4. Never allow thyself to dwell on the wish 
that this or that had been or were otherwise 
than it was or is. 

5. Never worry over the morrow; remember 
that is God'a,— not thine. The heaviest part of 
sorrow is to look forward to it. The Lord will 
provide (if we only do onr best end trnst him for 


" Write what thou iMlt, and aend ll unto the churches." 

Bb^CUuicIi News solicited (or this Department. II yon 
ROOd n-eetlnj;, sod 2 rcpo-t ol it. bo that others may rejoice with you. 
In writing Rive name of church, County and State. Be brief. Notes cl 
Travel siiould be as chert as possible. Land Advertisements are not so- 
licited for this Department. Wc have an advertising Plgo, and, II neces- 
sary, will Issue supplements. 

Our Trip to Colorado and Return. 

After leaving the hospitable home of friend 
and sister Underhill wo pursued onr journey to- 
ward the Bast, Passing throngh Pueblo, a city of 
40,000 inhabitants, we wondered whether among 
that number there were not some members, but 
receiving no reqnest from there for our services, 
while we were at Monte Vista, wo concluded there 
wore none there, and ao passed on, not knowing 
better until wo arrived at Denver, where we re- 
ceived their letter, forwarded to us from Monte 
Vista. We regretted very much that the mem- 
bers at Pneblo did not write us before we left 
Monte Vista, so that we could have stopped with 
them and given them some meetings, which we 
would have cheerfully done. To return, after 
having passed beyond them about 150 miles, did 
not seem prudent. 

My first stop, after leaving Canyon City, was 
Colorado Springs, a city of 18,000 population. 
Hero, by diligent search, I found live members. 
They had ! ,V sta . but > for 

some unaccountable reason, I failed to get their 
letter until I arrived at Denver; bonce no arrange- 
ments were made for preaching. The members 
at Colorado Springs are Bister Furik, and her son, 
Harry Funk, Bro. Barnhart and wife, and another 
sister whose name T caunot now recall. Having 
about a half a day's leisure, till train time, I de- 
voted the time to viewing the natural scenery 
around the city. 

Colorado Springs is a great resort for tourists 
from all parts of tlncast. The travel to this, and 
other noted points in the mountains, during the 
tourist's season, is simply immense. Hotels of 
the first magnitude abound on every side. The 
oity is finely built, and abounds in wealth. 
Twenty-one millionaires live on one atreet, and 
bow many more live on the other streets, we were 
not informed. " Wealthy men, from England, live 
here in lordly style. Fine mansions, beautiful 
lawns and groves, and clear, rippling streams, or- 
nament the city. 

The natural scenery is grand. Here are the 
famous soda and iron springs, the waters of which 
are said to contain great curative properties, and 
thousands of bottles are shipped all over the laud. 
Pike's Peak is close by, swathed in a mantle of 
clonde, and a head white with snow. Its base 
would fill an ordinary County, and its sides, spread 
out, Beveral Counties more. 

Not far away ig the "Garden of the Gods," con- 
taining about fifty of thoBe deaf and dumb and 
blind deities. The gods are simply detached 
rocks of all sizes and forma, scattered around 
promiscuously over, perhaps, ten thousand acres 
of barren land. They bear a faint resemblance to 
the object for which they are uamed. Here is the 
Lion, there the Tiger, the Dragon, the Elephant, 
the Crocodile, and ao on, all over the Garden. 
The Gates to the Garden are red as blood, per- 
haps a hundred feet high, thin and broad, between 

which is the passage into, and out of the Garden. 
They are nature's own work, and it seems mar- 
velous that they have not, long since, been blown 
down. J. 8. Mohler. 

( To be continued.) 

From Hagerstown, Ind. 

Ocn meetings at the White Branch meeting- 
house in the Nettle Creek church, five miles 
north of Hagerstown Ind, began Dec. 10 and 
closed Dec. 26, with eight accessions by baptism 
and one applicant. The meeting was a very 
pleasant one. The Lord visited his people with 
snch blessings bb ho alone can give. This church, 
under the care of Eld, L. W. Teeter, has a large 
membership and plenty of territory to keep them 
busy. They are giving it a thorough stirring this 
seaBOD. They have four church houses, about 
five miles apart and have now had a series of 
meetings in three of them in close succession, and 
will begin another at the Locust Grove house 
Dec. 29. This will be conducted by Eld. J. C. 
Murray, of Nappanee. 

Wo begin a series of meetings in the Union 
Center church at a Union house, five miles north- 
west of Nappanee, Ind., this evening (Dee, 27). 
I. D. Pakker. 

From the Osage Church, Kans, 

We organized an evergreen Sunday-school for 
the winter term Dec. 3. We began long ago at 
Matt. 1: 1, and have been taking one chapter for a 
lesBon ever since. We have now arrived at 
Philpp. 4: 1. Bro. Samuel Edgeoomb gave us an 
interesting sermon a few Sundays ago. His theme 
was, " Usury, and other Unscriptural Practices. 
We have a difficult question in our next Sunday- 
school lesson, viz, Who. was Paul's "true yoke- 
fellow" in Pniipp. ¥ HW % SfrouH ii&glgjfo he.v©- 
some information upon it. 

Bro. Eli Wolf is n^w visiting and preaching in 
Indiana. There was but a small attendance at 
onr Thanksgiving meeting on account of bad 
weather. Eld. J. H. Neher has been holding 
meetings at Olathe. J. L. Switzer. 

McCune, Kans. 

From Lower Stillwater, Ohio. 

Last night closed a very interesting series of 
meetings in onr lower house. Bro. David Filbrun, 
of Brandt, Ohio, came to us Dec. 2 and preached 
each night in the mild and persuasive way ao 
characteristic of him. Some day meetings were 
also held but were not so well attended as the im- 
portance of the work should demand. Dec. 15 
four, — a husband and wife, ^nd two young sis- 
ters, — were buried into Christ by baptism, rising, 
we trust, to walk in newness of life. Yesterday 
four more eiBters were added. 

We feel that the reaping was only fairly be- 
ginning when the meetings closed, yet we trust 
that the good seed sown has fallen on good ground 
in many hearts and that we may yet reap some of 
the good results of the meeting, aa it were " after 
many days." L. A. Bookwalter. 

Trottvood, Ohio, Dee 19. 

From the Good Hops Church, Colo. 

Our dear brother, Archy Van Dyke, came to visit 
his two sons. He commenced meetings Nov. 26 
and continued every night except one, until Dec. 
7. Some of onr good neighbors considered them 
the beBt sermons they heard for ten years. 

There were no accessions to the church, yet 
great good was done. Our love-feast was held 
Dec. 3. It was an enjoyable one. Onr number 

at ths Lord's table was only seventeen, but it was 
an excellent feast. We had the best of order and 
the congregation was large. 

On Saturday the day of our love-feaBt, our dear 
young brother, A. C. Snowberger, came to us from 
the Hock Creek church in the San Luis Valley, 
Colo. Our meeting was much benefited by his 
presence. We held an election for deacon. The 
lot fell on our dear young brother, Allen B. Van- 
Dyke. Our children's meeting was held on Sun- 
day evening at 5 o'clock. The children were well 
entertained by brethren A. C. Snowberger, Jacob 
Zern and Archy Van Dyke. From here brethren 
Van Dyke and Snowbarger went to Chase County, 
Nebr., to hold some meetings for the brethren 
who are somewhat isolated. D. A. Fiokel. 

Holyohe, Colo. 

A Call for Preaching. 

Dec. 3 Bro. Joseph Hylton and I made a visit 
to Patrick County, Virginia, on Smith's River, 
where we held a few meetings. We found three 
different denominations, all claiming Christ as 
their Leader, and some holding to morality only. 
The people were very kind to ue, and we saw 
some good prospects for the future. We have 
only one brother here. 

We next commenced a series of meetings at the 
De3kins school-house. At this place Bro. Jacob 
Hylton met us. We held eight meetings with a 
full house. Four lambs joined the church. The 
prospect is fair for more to come soon. 

From here we went to the Union church coun- 
cil. We had four meetings at this point. Bro. 
Henry Sheets, of Ashe County, N. C, is with us, 
preaching. Bro. P. S. Miller, of Roanoke City, 
will be at the Brick church Jan. 1,- to hold a se- 
ries of meetings. I have never before seen the 
rneuibers of the church take such an interest in 
the cause of the Master as at -this time. We have 
churches in the County and the brethren and 
sisters are alive all along the line. 

J. H. Sltjbher. 

Dec- 22. 

From Independence Church, Kans. 

We had a very refreshing Beries of meetings 
commencing Nov. 13, the preaching being done 
by Bro. J. H. Neher, of McCune, Kans. He 
preached thirteen sermons in all. One was bap- 
tized. Bro. Chas. Yearout came shortly after- 
wards and preached three sermons, and baptized 
one more. Three more have made application, 
but have deferred being baptized. Bro. Neher is 

>w laboring in Oklahoma. 

Sometimes we wonder why our Brethren usual- 
ly have such short revival meetings, — if we may 
be allowed that expression, — when others preach 
for weeks with no more encouragement I 

It takes time at the present day to convince 
people as to the doctrine which is right, when 
there are so many different views promulgated. 
David Betts. 

Dec. 29. 

From the Falling Spring Church, Franklin Co., Pa, 

We arranged for a series of meetings at the 
Hade church, to commence Nov. 26, and called to 
st us in the work, Bro. Silas Hoover, from 
Somerset County, Pa., but, owing to sickness, he 
did not arrive until Nov. 29, Meanwhile the 
meeting was commenced and carried on by the 
home ministers. Bro. Hoover preached, in all, 
nine excellent sermons. The congregations in- 
creased from night to night and quite an interest 
was awakened, but, aa too often is the case, the 
meetings closed too soon. Four were baptized 
during the meetings and twelve since, with two 

Jan. 10, 1893 


applicants for baptism, making eighteen in all, 
and many more near the told. We haYe received 
by baptism, since Nov. 22, thirty-two, for which 
we give God the praise. 

Bro. D. F. Stonffer, of Benevola, Md., com- 
mences a series at the Falling Spring church on 
the evening of Dec. 31. This is at one end o! our 
congregation, at a place where we have but fe?; 
members. Wm. A. Anthony. 

Dec. 20. 

From New Paris, Ind. 

Dec. 3 the Brethren of Solomon's Creek chnreh 
met in quarterly council. The business passed 
off very pleasantly. The writer then left for the 
Camp Creek church, near Etna Green, Ind., to 
hold some meetings. Here we met Eld. David 
Byers, of Ohio. He had already held a few meet- 
ings and gave us good -assistance. Our meetings 
continued until Dec. 14 with considerable interest, 
considering dark nights, bad roads and three oth- 
er meetings near by. 

As a result of our labors, a Sunday-school was 
re-opened, to meet on the day of meeting only* 
A sneoeasful plan for winter Sunday- schools is to 
hold them in close connection with the meetings, 
with one opening prayer. The brethren in charge 
of the meeting, as well as those of the Echool, 
should be prompt. Two hours will be sufficient 
for both services. We had several good talks 
with the children. Three were baptized and one 
reclaimed. I distributed a number of tracts and 
gave advice to circulate freely the Gospel Mes- 
senger, as the beet of all religious journals. This 
chnreh is under the care of Eld. David Shively. 
His usefulness is mostly in the German, and 
therefore limited. He much desires help. Two 
young ministers, several aged and two very 
young deacons do the work in this field. 

Daniel Shively. 

Notes from our Correspondents. 

Downsville, Id. — Our series of meetings is post- 
poned, and will not commence until Jan. 29. 
This is by the request of Bro. H. C. Early who is 
to do the preaching. He deBircs to attend the 
Bible Term at Bridgewater, Va — J. A. Bricker. 

Union City, Ind. — I am here since Dec. 16, hold- 
ing forth the Word of Life to large crowds with 
good interest. At this place this church is under 
the supervision of Eld. W. K. Simmons, and is in 
a prosperous condition. — Jos. Holder, Dec. 21. 

Webster County, W. Va.— Bro. H. S. Olaypool 
came to us Nov. 30, and preached five soul-cheer- 
ing sermons. There are only two members here 
in this vicinity, — husband and I. We ask an in- 
terest in the prayers of all the brethren and sis- 
ters. — Harriet Bankhead. 

Dorrill, Kans — Kecently Bro. J. E. Young was 
called to hold a series of meetings in the North 
Morrill church. The interest was good and kept 
growing until a severe snow-storm blockaded the 
roads, and compelled us to discontinue the meet- 
ings for the time being. Two were added to the 
church. The meetings will be taken up again 
later on.— J. S, Mohler, Dec. 22. 

Waldron, Bo.— We have just enjoyed a series of 
meetings by Bro. J. E. Ellenberger, of Pitts- 
burgh, who presented to ns our faith and practice, 
ably defending the dootrine. We had no addi- 
tions to the church, but believe many were made 
to feel the importance of living up to the com- 
mandments of our Lord Jesus Christ. We have 
only three members at this point. We believe 
much good could be done here, had we regular 
preaching by the Brethren.— S. B. Stuckey, Dec. 

Clarion, Iowa.— Bro. Wm. Ikenberry, of Water- 
loo, came to us Dec. 3, and remained over Suuday. 
He held two meetings for us. He haB the over- 
sight of this, the Boone River church. Brethren, 
you do not know how much jour isolated breth- 
ren and sisters appreciate your labors of love.— 
Jefferson Mathis, Dec. :>:>. 

Laurel, Kans.— Nov. 19 Bro. Geo. E. Studebaker 
came to us and preached the Word faithfully un- 
til the evening of Dec. 4. There have been no 
additions to the church, although Bro. Studeba- 
ker discharged his duty faithfully. May the 
Lord keep the fire aglow, that it may be as bread 
cast upon the water, to be gathered by and by. 
The Lord bless and keep na near the croesl — 
Tena Olaihart. 

HI. Hope Clrarcb, Ok. Ter.— Wo have just closed 
an interesting series of meetings. Bro. A. W. 
Austin, of Texas, met with ns Dec. 11, and re- 
mained until Dec. 19. He preached each even- 
ing, and also on Sunday while here. On Satur- 
day, Dec. 17, we met in special council. Bro. 
Jacob Appleman, our elder, was with us. Some 
serious matters came before the meeting, but 
were disposed of satisfactorily. Bro. Appleman, 
with Bro. Austin, remained with ns over Sun- 
day.-J. H. Neher, Cresoent, Ok. Tor., Dec. 21. 

Aurelia, Iowa. — We cannot report as many addi- 
tions to the church as some do, but we oan report 
peace and good will among the members, which, 
in the sight of God is of groat value. Sept. 24 
Bro. M. Fowler came to us and preached one 
week prior to our love-feast, which was held Oct. 
£ Oar thanksgiving meeting was not well at- 
tended, owing to unpleasant weather, but the few 
that were present were moved with a missionary 
spirit and raised some funds for that work. At 
the close of our Sunday-school this frill, wo or- 
ganized » Bible class, which meets at tho chnreh 
every Thursday evening. Daring the fall two 
dear young sisters were baptized into the 
church. — Norman S JSby, Dec. IIS. 

Bardner, Kans. — On the evening of Due. ti, Bro. 
J. H. Neher, of McOnne, Kans., commenced a se- 
ries of meetings in the east end of our church, 
the Bethel school-honse, near Olathe, and 
preached nine able discourses. Tho members re- 
alized that it was good to be there, aud Binners 
were made to exclaim, "What most we do?" 
Three were born into the family of God. Dec. 
13 Bro. G. E. Eller, of Roanoke, 111., preaohed 
at oar church-house. The meetings will continue 
for some time after Dec 22 We have the prom- 
ise of Brj. John Sherfy, of Pomona, Kans.', to 
continue the meetings. Our prayer is, that much 
good may be donol We rejoice to see so many 
good reports from the field, through the GosrEL 
Messekgek, especially are wo made happy to 
learn of the large ingathering in North-eastern 
Kansae. —Isaac H. Crist. 

Hickory Grove Churcli, Ohio.— Bro. A. G. CroeB- 
white came to us Nov. 19, and commenced a se- 
ries of meetings in our Charleston house, and 
preached evening and morning until Thursday 
evening, Dec. 1. He preached, in all, twenty- 
tsfo sermonB. The interest was good. The even- 
ing services, especially, were well attended. 
Though we had no accessions, we feel many 
good impressions were made, especially at the 
children's meeting. As so often happen 
such occasions, when sinners begin seriously to 
count the'eost, the meetings had to olose, owing 
to other appointments. We expect Bro. Wm. 
Boggs, of Covington, Ohio, to assist us in a series 
of meetings, at tho Grove house, beginning Jan, 
19, 1893. May God help us to make it a rnattei 
of ' prayer and deep concern! — Jacob Coppock, 
Tippecanoe City, Ohio, Dec. 15, 


years to carry the GoBpel to about one hundred 
eleven people; all tho forces of the Dnited States 
aould be used only as assistants, and we should 
have the happy privilege of seeing the day in 
which tho Gospel is preached to all the world, and 
with the dawn of the twentieth century might 
come the dawn of the Christ's millennium, when 
wars shall cease and peace and love shall reign 
supreme, and the redeemed ones,— sons of God, — 
shall occupy with their Redeemer! 

But why cry out against war when there is no 
war? We iustrnot against war and the art of it, 
and of course nobody goes to war now. That is 
the spirit of the Gospel in time of war, but it's 
tho letter only in times of peace. "The letter 
killeth, but the spirit giveth life." There is a 
greater significance. "Peace on earth" doesn't 
stop with refusal to go to war. We may say it 
begins there. Peace in the neighborhood I Peace 
in the churoh! Peace in the home! Peace in the 
heart! Peace every-where, with the individual, 
with peace and love as synonyms, and love the 
greatest thing in the world,— this is the peace 
that pa6seth understanding. 

Heart-peace is peace with God. It is the 
knowledge that you and ho are on good terms. It 
is knowing that you have been and ore now doing 
that which he would have you do. It is basking 
ia the Bunlight of heaven. Beloved, we have a 
right to know that Christ is with us. He has 
promised that. Con we have a conviotion of it, — 
a real, deep-seated conviction? 0, I believe he is 
as near as this Book is near. He is just as much 
present in person as you aro present before me in 
person; he is just as much present in person as I 
present before jou jn person. Ho is not w 
breath. He is not a wind. He is not a shadow 
fancy. He is a God, having not less of ex- 
istence than each of ns, bnt more. Devotion 
ealizes God's eternal presence. Consecration 
eaUzes it Happy is that peaceful soul to whom 
Christ's personality is a living presence. 

Than a pencrful, Christian home, what is more 
desirable? The Christ-home is a miniatnre heav- 
There is no name above the namo of Jesus, 
There is no service above hia service. There, 
around tho altar of prayer, all daily gather. 
There doctrines are settled for eternity. 

The chnreh is, or ought to be, a great peace so- 
ciety. The community merges into the chnreh 
when it is what it claims to be. See a church, 
Bay of twelve members ; that is small, but it will 
serve the purpose. Each one is peculiarly his 
brother's keeper. Each one thinks his own opin- 
ion is the best, nor will he yield if the eleven oth- 
ers agree and ask him to. Each thinks all the 
others are not much interested in the welfare of 
the church. There is no spiritual warmth. There 
ore no accessions. Even the members don't en- 
joy their own services. 

See another church of twelve. Each thinks 
that he has all bo can do to keep himself straight. 
Each has his opinion, bat prefers the mcnt3 of 
another's. Each feels that he is not doing as 
mn-jh as he might. There is spiritual life. There 
is joy in service. Sacrifice is pleasure. God is 
love Souls are centers of eternities. Which has 
the approval of heaven? Whore Christ is, peace 
is. Where the devil is, there is always trouble. 

O brother, to be in Christ is the Christian's 
life —to think Christ-thoughts, to do Christ-deeds, 
to pray Christ-prayers, to speak Christ-words,— 
we must adorn onr profession, and not seek to 
have it adorn us. Let peace reign over usl Let 
love lead ns! Let joy possess our sonlsl We can 
live for him! We can work for him! We can 
r"ud for him! We oan tell of him! We can 
dream of him! Our lives can be a constant song,— 
the angel chorus, "Glory to God in the highest, 
on earth peace, good will toward men." 
Qermaniown, Pa. 


Missionary and Tract Work Department. 

"Upon the firit d*y ol the week, 

» Every m 

n as he purjoieth In 

let every one ol you lay by hliu In 

bli bntti i 

let bim give. Not 

■tore u God hath prospered him, 

grudglnBly o 

ol necessity, for the 

that there be no fathering! when I 

Lord lovcth 

a cheerful giver."— * 

coaoe."— * Cor. 16: f. 

Cor. q: 7. 


an according to his ability." " Every one at Gad hath firoi- 
" Everyman, atcerdingat he furPottth in Hit fuart, bo let 
"For II there be first b will, rig mind, It Is accepted according 

Orftaofzatloi) of Hissiomrjr tatylttti. 

Daiurl Vanimax, Foreman, 
D. L Miller, Treasurer, 
Galen B. Rover, Secretary, 

McPherson, Kane 

Mt. Morris, 111. 

• Mt. Morris, 111. 

Organization of Book and Tract Work. 

S. W. Hoover, Foreman, 

S. Bock, Secretary and Trcasun 

Dayton, Ohio. 
Dayton, Ohio. 

f3f~All donations Intended tbl Missionary Work should be Bint to 
Galen 0. koybr, Mt. Morris, III. 

(VAII money lor Tract Work should bs cent to 3. Bock, Dayton. 

tyMoneymay be sent by Money Order, Registered Letter, or Drafts 
on New York or Chicago. Do not send personal checks, or drafts on In- 
terior towns, as It coats a; cents to collect them. 

iVSolfcltora are requested to lafthfully carry out the plan ol Annual 
Meeting, that all our member! be solicited to contribute at least twice a 
year lor the Misdlon and Tract Work ol the Church. 

lyNotes lor the Endowment Fund can be had by witting to the Sec- 
retary ol either Work. 


And tells of victory there; 
The heathen bow the knee, 

In humble, fervent prayer. 
Long %vaited we to hear 

Thc glorious tidings come, 
Proclaiming victory there, 

Where darkness reigned alone. 
'/'■ ■ .■',,,1.,,,.. CJQSpeJ Ui'lil. 

In splendor shines to-day, 
Where natighl but darkest night 

Fell on the heathen's way. 
Brave Christians heard the cry 

That came across the sea, 
" Come, help us, ere we die, 

Come, help us to be free." 
They bade adieu to home, 

To friends and loved ones dear; 
They crossed the ocean's foam, 

They landed safely there. 
They raised the banner bright 

On Afrlc's hostile 6hore, 
The heathen saw a light, 

Where darkness reigned before. 
Oil see thein coming home! 

The poor, degraded race I 
The Master bids them come 

To seek his saving grace. 
At Jesus' feet they fall; 

To heaven they lift their cry ; 
He hears their simple call,— 

He saves them ere they die. 

The Master's calling you I 
Why stand ye idly by I 

There's work for you to do! 
Your treasures, prayers, and tears, 

Go, lay at Jesus' feet; 
And soon we'll sing the song 

Of victory complete. 

Sehcicd by Emma L. i'yrt 


The native lady from Jamaica, to whom refer- 
ence was made some weeks ago, was baptized re- 
cently in the Philadelphia church. 

Bro. W. B. Stover, 2029 N. 13 St., Philadelphia, 
Pa., whoBe desires are, in the near future, to be en- 
gaged in active mission work in India, would like 
to correspond with those whose secret desires are 
for the same work. 

A missionary text — " Let ns go over unto the 
other Bide of the lake." Luke 8; 22 
* • * 

Two little silver cords come winding all the 
way through the Old Testament, to find a promi- 
nent place in the New. Brighter they are, and 
more distinct, than the two silk threads in each of 
our paper dollars. They are Christ our Savior, 
and Missions our work. 

In a recent lecture the statement was made, and 
it ib undeniably true, for the pages of hiBtory bear 
record, that in 1870, when the decree of infallibil- 
ity was proclaimed for the Pope of Home, there 
was a significant coincidence. The high authori- 
ties of the church were all assembled in the great 
St. Peter's cathedral at Borne. The council had 
just passed that the Botnan pontiff when officially 
aoting "is possessed of that infallibility with 
which ihe divine Redeemer willed ihai his church 
should be endowed for defining doctrine regard- 
ing faith or morals; and that therefore onch def- 
initions of the Boman pontiff are i^rcformable of 
themselves, and not from the consent of the 

As he, the Pope, was about to read that decree, 
suddenly a fearful darkness came over the whole 
city. It was high noon, and even the street lamps 
had to be lighted, and in the assembly halls the 
lights, regularly supplied, were not sufficient. 
Lightnings played along the Tiber and three times 
struck the great cathedral in which the council 
was assembled, and a large painting of the vir- 
gin Mary had its frame so shattered that it had to 
be taken down. Amid that expression of heaven's 
approval, Pius IX read by candle-light, his own in- 
fallibility! It may be regarded as merely coinci- 
dental, but we cannot affirm that it meant no 


Bobert Wilder, at Princeton, in 1851, gathered 
together a number of men who expected to enter 
the work of foreign missions. They were to help 
and encourage each other. They pledged them- 
selves to the work as God should grant them 
grace. This was the beginning of a work with a 
great future. The Student Volunteer Movement 
for Foreign Missions has been growing ever 
since. In one sense it is an organization, in an- 
other it is not. All such persons who are willing 
and desirous to become foreign workers for the 
Lord are entitled to be counted as volunteers. 
Those who are counted as snch, simply express 
their desire with these words: " I am willing and 
desirous, God permitting, to become a foreign 
missionary." These words are pledge, initiation 
fee, and all. The volunteer then is directed in 
his reading matter to mission literature, books, 
magazines, papers, etc. He is helped to a knowl- 
edge of the work, of the fields, and prepared to 
choose the field for work to which he is beBt 
suited. By the time he is ready to go, he is 
ready all around. 

Since the beginning of the movement over 
7,100 have signified their willingness for the 
work; about 1,000 of these in the last year, and of 
all denominations, including our own. Of these, 
2,600 are now in schools, 700 are at the work, 400 
are beginning it, 100 are now ready, 450 have 
backed out, 450 are unaccounted for, 250 were 
hindered, 60 have died, 50 were rejected by the 
mission boards, etc.; 4 340 are men, 1,860 are 
women. This is a vast army of yonng people, 
ready to die that the Gospel of Light may be car- 
ried to the nations of heathen darkness! A score 
of young people sail from New York harbor to- 
day (Dec. 14), to become missionaries. The am- 
bition of Panl was to push to the front with the 
Gospel standard. We ought. We can. We will. 
s. B. 

BY H. 0. EAKLV. 

Number Two. 

That the secret order question is one of co n- 
siderable moment, is proven by the fact that it is 
puzzling religious conferences, and, in a few in- 
stances, it is producing quite radical results. It 
is altogether proper, Iherefore, that .the strong 
reasons against secret orders be kept before the 
public mind. In view of these things the follow- 
ing reasons are submitted : 

1. Secrecy is in direct opposition to the spirit 
and genius of Christianity. The New Testament 
is a book of intenee openness. OpenneBS marked 
all the Master's teachings. When before Annas, 
his answer was, "I spake openly to the world; I 
ever taught in the synagogue, and in the temple, 
whither the Jews always resort; and in secret 
have I said nothing." John 18: 20. This fully 
settles the attitnde of Christ on Beerecy. Openly 
he taught, and in secret he said nothing. 

Now turn to Matt. 5: 14-16, and read what is 
said of Christians: "Ye are the light of the 
world. A city that is set on a hill cannot be 
hid. Neither do men light a candle and put it 
under a bushel, but on a candlestick; and it giv- 
eth light unto all that are in the house. Let 
your light so shine before men, that they may 
see your geed works, and glorify your Father 
which is in heaven." 

God designs- that the church shall refleot 
heaven's great light, clashing it into every nook 
and corner of the world, but seorecy designs that 
the light shall be Bhut in. The church is as a 
city set on a hill to be seen, but secrecy hides. 
When men light a candle, they use it to light 
men, but secrecy lights the candle and puts it 
under the bushel and bed; and if you wish to en- 
joy her light, you mnst get under the bushel and 
bed alBO. What violation of reason and com- 
mon sense ! We are commanded to let our light 
Bhine out, that it may do others good, but secrecy 
commands that her light be concealed. Will 
some one take the pains to reconcile these texts 
with the principles of secrecy, for I confess I 

Moreover, secrecy is the product of evil. Why 
do men conceal? Because their works are good? 
Why die Adam, after the transgression, attempt 
to conceal himself? Because he had mightily 
vindicated God? Not quite. He made only the 
mistake of vindicating the devil. So it is still. 
When men do wrong, they attempt to cover it np. 
If a thing be good, why in the world cover it up? 
Why not let the good be seen? That's the way 
our Master did when he came to this world, to 
set up his system of morals and religion. Did he 
blunder? Why are the drinking saloons, gam- 
bling holes, immoral dens, etc, behind screens 
and curtains? Do the foul workB of iniquity de- 
mand the curtain? Let the subjects of these in- 
stitutions answer, for they fully understand the 
philosophy of secrecy. The introduction of sin 
into the world is the explanation of secrecy, for 
before then it was unknown to man. 

2. Nearly all secret orders are oath-bound, and 
the first thing, therefore, to obtain membership 
in them is to violate a command of God, " But 
I say unto yon, Swear not at all." Matt. 5: 34; 
Jas. 5: 12. Not at all. These words are the end 
of all Btrif e on the question of oaths. Any insti- 
tution that lives at the cost of God's commands, 
defies God and damns man. Jesus says, "Swear 
not," but the Lodge makes the oath a condition 
of membership, — the Ledge against God. 

Not only so, but men are required to swear al- 
legiance to what they do not understand. The 
secrets lie beyond the oath, and, therefore, to 

Jan. 10, 1S93 



know the secrets is to swallow the oath. Christ's 
order ia, first to teach, and then to ask the tanght 
to avow allegiance. In the Lodge it is allegiance 
first, end then learn to know, which not only re- 
verses the Christian order, but ignores common 

3. The Lodge has no place, nor mission. It is 
simply an institution of morality and benevo- 
lence. It pretends to be nothing higher. These 
virtues are fully taught and exemplified by the 
church. They form a considerable part of her 
mission. Socially, morally, religiously and very 
largely intellectually, the church of God supplies 
every legitimate need of man's nature. It pro- 
vides that men behave with all soberness and 
honesty, and that good be done to all men as 
there i3 need and opportunity. Tit. 2: 12; Gal. 
6: 10; Rom. 12: 13; Mark 14: 7. The church is 
the dispenser of correct behavior and good will 
toward men in extending a helping hand to the 
helpless. The mission, claimed by the Lodge, 
belongs to the church, and is done by her so 
much better than it is possible to an institution 
merely moral and benevolent. The drunkard is 
taught not only to dismiss the whiskey cup, but 
to hi a Christian, while the helpless is not only 
helped, but helped to help himself. This is real 

4, The Lodge satisfies many at a point where 
the church cannot reach them, and Christ cannot 
save them. They become satisfied with the re- 
ligion of the Lodge. Men that belong to the dif- 
ferent popular churches and to the Lodge, divide 
their support between their church and Lodge, 
giving the Lodge the larger share. They walk 
right by the open church door to attend the Lodge. 
Even some men, who profess to be* ministers of 
the Gospel, have been known to do this. This set- 
tles the question of attachment, for " where our 
treasure ia, there will be our heart also." Moral- 
ity and benevolence are good things, but they do 
not insure salvation, and to those that put the 
Lodge above the church, it becomes the door of 
hell. Through this gaping door many pass every 

The Lodge is sucking the blood of the church 
and family. The vast amount of time, talent and 
money, givan to the Ledge, rightly belongs to the 
church and family. What an inconceivable 
amount of good these three great powers would 
do every year, if they were concentrated on lines 
of converting and saving men! Why should an 
institution, that dares make a violation of God's 
command a condition of membership, and antag- 
onizes church and family prosperity, bs allowed 
to live ? Young man, stop ! Think ! 

Meyerhoeffer's Store, Va. 



" Will a man rob God? Yet .ye have robbed me. But ye 
say, Wherein have we robbed thee? In tithes and offerings." 
—Mai. 3:8. 

Israel had returned from her CBptivity in Bab- 
ylon. Through the reproofs and earnest plead- 
ings of Haggai and Zechariah, the Jews had been 
aroused to rebuild the temple and renew the true 
worship. Idolatry and superstition were no long- 
er found within her borders. But sin waa there. 
This time it was impiety and irreligioc. The Is- 
raelites failed to present the required offerings be- 
fore the Lord as an atonement for their sins. 
They neglected to give a due portion of their prod- 
ucts to the treasuries of the Lord, to keep up His 
holy temple. Yet the keeping of the temple and 
the daily bread of the Lovitea all depended upon 
these "tithes and offerings." 

The people were to give of the first and best. 
But, because of indifference to their religion, they 

defrauded the Levites either iu giving the weak- 
est and poorest, in offering that which was injured 
and of no profit to themselves, or in not making 
au offering at all. Ou account of this state of af- 
fairs, the prophet is made to declare that they 
have robbed God in "tithes and offerings" and 
are "cursed with a ourse." But Israel's day is 
past; — a new disp3nsation is here. In the change 
from the one to the other, have our duties, in 
serving God, been lessened and our responsibili- 
ties made lighter? The question, we believe, is a 
fair one and worthy our attention. 

Under the old law, God's people were instructed 
to teach the way of salvation to their children, but 
not to the children of their heathen neighbors, and, 
making exception of the healing of Naauiau, by 
Elisha, and Jonah's message to Nineveh, both of 
which are typical and prophetical of the church's 
great mission in the world, we have no account of 
such a departure until the apostles' time. God 
did not require it of Israel, but labored to keep 
her separate from the heathen nations. Israel's 
work, then, was entirely within her own land 
and among her own people. When she complied 
with Jehovah's requirements for the keeping up 
of the temple, aud faithfully attended to all its 
services, ehe fully met the demands of God. Un- 
der such circumstances Israel was greatly blessed. 

But Christ left us no such temple. He requires 
not the blood of bulls aud goats. Because of this 
is the church of today to think she has no sacri- 
fice to make, no work to do? Verily the church 
has a great work to do. The idea of that work is 
suggested in the " candle upon the candle stick," 
which is to give light to all in the room; in the 
"mustard seed" which grows until the fowls of 
the air and the beasts of the field fiad protection 
in it; in Christ's coming to this world to redeem 
fallen man. It ia plainly commanded in Christ's 
last words, " Go ye into all the world and preaoh 
the Gospel to every creature." Unless the church 
is doing that to-day, she is not performing the 
work her Savior commanded her to do. If she is 
unable to do it to-day, she is clear of responsibili- 
ty, but if she ha3 been neglectful of her duty, it 
will not be well with her, for as in Israel's time a 
neglect brought a curse, so to-day an indifference 
to the great cause of making disciples of all men, 
will bring judgment against the church. 



On page 773, of the Gospel Messenger, I no- 
tice that the church at Covington, Ohio, expressed 
a great desire that the mission work be 'carried to 
heathen lands. Do you mean the fourteen mill- 
ion of souls south of the Mason and Dixon Line? 
While not heathens, they can nearly all under- 
stand and speak common English, yet very few, 
either white or black, have ever heard the Gospel 
preached in its purity. Ministers, come down, 
try your hand in this southern country ! Start up 
some new charchesl Why talk of going to Africa 
and the islauds of the sea, while we have thou- 
sands almost in sight, that we are not willing to 
go and preach to? Think of the grand old State 
of Kentucky, with not one complete, organized 
church in it! Many other Southern States are 
equally unfortunate. When will we, as a people, 
wake up? I fear not until the last great trumpet 
sounds. Then it will be loo late to do Southern 
mission work. 

Then, again, wo read of twenty-five preachers 
at one. love-feast. How nicely they sing, " From 
Greenland's Icy Mountains! " Yes, good speech- 
es, good articles, good sermons, good plans about 
missionary work, and about going to foreign 
lands! Yes, all this is nice, but what we want is 

brethren that have the courage to go even where 
the smoke of their mother's chimney is not in 
sight,— brethren, who, trusting in God, go to work! 
Don't stop to ask, " How much will you give 
me?" Jesus says, "Go;" he will settle it with 
you. "Believest thou this? " 

If any minister, iu order aud sympathy with the 
General Brotherhood, will come to Austin, Ark., 
and preach and take charge of the little churoh 
there, we will furnish a farm one year rent free, 
with house, stable, well, fruit trees, eto. This will 
give him a ohauoa to try tho country, climate, etc. 
This is twenty-five miles north of Little Hock, ou 
tho Great Iron Mountain R. R, For particulars 
address Bro, J. C. Valentine, Austin, Ark., with 
stamp. Your help is much needed. Hasten; 
night is coming when you cannot work. Love to 
all! Jab. R. Gish. 

Stuttgart, Ark. 


[The following IcnllctwaB distributed at the Young Peo- 
ples' Chilstlnn Endeavor Society, at their State Convention 
at Beatrice, Ncbr.] 

Some time ago a young lady of the so-called 
Dnnkard (Brethren) church started from Bea- 
trice to go to Kausas. On tho way the conductor 
of the train sat down opposite her and politely 
asked, " Why do you dress so plain?" She in- 
quired what his motive was iu asking this ques- 
tion bo that she might answer him accordingly. 
He replied that his wife always talked about the 
necessity of women dressing plainly, whilst he 
did not see any reason for doing bo. The young 
lady looked at him and said: "Why do you wear 
this special uniform?" He replied, "Because I 
serve the Rock Island company, and comply with 
its orders in wearing it." "So do I," was her 
quick reply, "I have joined the church of Chrisu, 
and am in the service of my Master, whose orders 
I must obey also in my dress, according to 1 Tim. 
2: 9, where he says verbally that women shall 
adorn themselves in modest apparel." 

Barbaric people are specially fond of gewgawB 
and ornaments. When they have hardly clothes 
enough to cover their nakedness, they will have 
bracelets, ear-rings, nose-jewels, anklets, feath- 
ers and beads in profasion. Savages will tattoo 
themselves in hid- ms style; but when they cease 
to be barbarians, more cultivated tastes prevail, 
and they learn to despise trinkets, gewgaws and 

While quietness and sobriety of apparel is the 
prevailing taste among educated and cultivated 
men, about the dress of women there still re- 
mains much of the gaudiness of other days. 
They siill pierce their ears, bead their necks, 
adorn their fingers with rings, and deck them- 
selves in all the colors of the rainbow, every- 
where seeking new modes of making their gar- 
ment} uncomfortable, inconvenient, and needless- 
ly expensive. In this undertaking Parisian har- 
lots usually lead the way, and fashionable church- 
members follow. Christians, however, more and 
more cultivate quiet tastes, and endeavor to 
"adorn themselves in modest apparel," not with 
gold, or pearls, or costly array, but which becom- 
eth women professing godliness, — with good 

If women would put away the hurtful fashions 
which they have so long followed, and live sim- 
ply and healthfally, they would soon have little 
need of ornaments. Their eyes would flash 
brighter than diamonds, and their rosy cheeks, 
clear complexions, and bsamiDg countenances 
would need neither cosmetics nor jewels, and 
they could well dispense with the feathers of 
dead birds, and all the rest of those gaudy and 
barbaric trinkets which are so fashionable among 
many of the uncultured people of to-day. 


The Gospel Messenger, 

A Weekly at $1.50 Per Annum. 

The Brethren's Publishing Co. 

J. B. Brumbaugh, | 

J. G. RoYKR, | 



Office Editor, 

... • Associate Editors. 

■ Business Manager, 

.. HutchUoa, Daniel Hay*. 

to put on one page what ought t. 

W Anonymous communications will not be published. 

WDo not mix business with articles lor publication. Keep yc-ui 
communications on separate sheets (fom all business. 

t^~Tiine Is precious. We always have time to attend lo*busln:ss and 
to answer questions ol Importance, but plca3e do not subject us to need 
less answering ol letters. 

BeBT~Thc Messenger Is mailed each neck to all subscribers. II the ad. 
dress is correctly entered on ourllsl, the paper must reach the person to 
Whom His addressed. II you do not get yom paper, write us, giving par. 

E«?~Wlicn changing y 
your future address In 

ir address, please give your former as well as 
ill, so as to avoid delay and misunderstanding. 
; office trom which you order your goods, no 

CWDo not send personal checks or drafts on Interior banks, unless 
send with them 25 cents each, to pay lor collection. 

^^Remittances should be made by Test-office Money Order, Drafts 
i.n New Vi.rk, J'iill.uklplil.i o, Chicago, or Registered Letters, made p 
A -k- .Hid adJr^-'cd !„ " Bret Incli's t'ubllshing Co., Mount Morris, II! 
or " Brethren's Publishing Co., Huntingdon, Pa." 

veV~Entcrcd at the Post-office at Mount Morris, 111., as second-cl 

Moont Morris, 111., 

DnniNQ a series of meetings in the Salamouie 
ohuroh, Indiana, twelve recently united with the 

B110. 8. E. Yondt is engaged in a series of 
meetings at Cherry Grove, 111., with increasing 
interest and large congregations. 

Foubteen recently united with the Ogan'e 
Creek church, Ind., as the result of a series of 
meetings held by Bro. W. E. Deeter. 

The church at North Manchester, Ind., feels 
greatly encouraged. Ten recently united with 
the church at a eeries of meetings, conducted by 
Bro. Silas Gilbert 

Bro. D. B. Gibson is now laboring with the 
churoh at St. Joseph, Champaign Co., 111. He 
went there from Cornell, where he held a very 
successful meeting. 

Bro. David Neisley writes that sicca last 
March eighteen have been received and baptized 
in the Lower Cumberland church, Pa. He re- 
gards this as encouraging. 

Bro. Andrew Hutchison has been with us 
several days. He is not strong enough to do 
inuoh work in this severe climate during the win- 
ter months, and if proper arrangements can be 
made, will soon start to Keuka, Fla., for the pur- 
pose of spending the winter preaching in that 

We are asked to say why we refuse to publish 
certain obituaries. We wish to state, once for 
all, that we never decline an obituary that has 
the proper information in it. We receive many 
that give neither the date nor place of death, and 
some are minus the name of the sender. As 
these do not appear in the paper, the kindred 
naturally conclude that it is onr fault, whereas it 
is the fault of those sending the notices. When 
the notice does not appear, you may rest assured 
that something is wrong abont it, and it will be 
best to send another. In matters of this kind we 
show no partiality whatever. 

Bro. Daniel D. Sell, of Plattsburgh, Mo., on 
Mb way home from Chicago, gave us a short oall 
a few days ago. Two of his children are in 
school here. 

• Bro. John Zdok, who visits Cedar Kapids, 
Iowa, occasionally, reports the outlook more fa- 
vorable. He also reports two received by letter 
in the Clarence congregation. 

^Our correspondent in the English River 
church, Iowa, reports twenty-four additions to 
the church during the series of meetings recently 
held there by Bro. Michael Flory. 

We learned that the Bible Term at Pleasant 
Hill, III, was very largely attended and full of 
interest. Sickness compelled Bro. Young to re- 
turn home sooner than he anticipated. 

Writino from Tunker, Whitley Co., Ind., un- 
der date of Dec. 28, Bro. Daniel P. Shively says 
that he is in the midst of a series of meetings 
with six additions, and others seemingly near the 

All money intended for the mission work 
among the children in Chicago should be sent to 
A. H. Emmert, 651 Ashland Ave., Chicago, 111. 
Donors should give their names and addresses 
plainly written. 

We regret to learn that Eld. Isaac Cripe, of 
Indiana, has been confined to his bed for over 
forty days. He greatly desires the prayers of the 
members during his great affliction. At times 
his suffering is very severe. 

It is said that, on an average, seventeen church- 
63 are built in the United States every twenty.four 
hours. This looks encouraging. On the other 
hand, two-thirds of the membership of these 
churches are women. This is discouraging. But 
where are the men? Ask the oath-bonud and an- 
ti-Christian lodges. They can tell the sad story. 
The lodge is robbing the ehnrcheB of their men. 
We wonder that churches do not see this. 

Bro. H. M. Barwiok, one of the students in 
the College here, ccnoluded to spend the Holi 
dajs conducting a series of meetings in the Bock 
Creek church. When last heard from the meet- 
ings were still in progress, with eight applicants 
for baptism. 

Last December Bro. C. C. Boot baptized a 
yonng deaf mute sister at Silver Lake, Kane; 
also a mute brother one year ago, making, in all, 
eight deaf mute members residing three miles 
north of Silver Lake, which is twelve miles west 
of Topeka. These members request that mem- 
bers, who can converse by signs, should visit 
them. Inquire for Mummaugh, deaf mnte. 

Our monthly Ministerial Meeting, in the Bi- 
ble Boom, the first Monday in Jannary, was in- 
tensely interesting. It had for consideration, 
"Feeding the Flock, especially the Lambs." 
Many valuable thoughts were brought out, and 
some excellent suggestions were offered. We 
felt that these meetings are a great help to us in 
onr labors. We would like to favor onr readers 
with some of the excellent things we hear on 
these occasions, but cannot find time to do so. 
The subject for our next meeting, the first Mon- 
day in February, is, "What Books (besides the 
Bible) ought the Minister to Bead, and how 
ought he to Raad Them?" 

In this issue we give the closing part of Bro. 
Reese's chapter on "Faith." It will be followed 
by Bro. H. 0. Early on " Repentance." After that 
comes a chapter on the "Subjects and Design of 
Christian Baptism," by A. W. Vaniman. Next 
in order will be the "Mode of Baptism," by L. 
W. Teeter. Thus the chapters will continue for 
months, laying before our readers the most com- 
plete defense and exposition of Primitive Chris- 
tianity that has yet been published. We trust 
that onr subscribers are enjoying this rare- treat, 
and are also doing their utmost to get the paper 
into the hands of the thousands who may be ben- 
efited by reading these and scores of other arti- 
cles that are appearing in the Messenger, 

Writing from Fortuna, Cal., sister Sadie Haya 
says, that two families have just moved into that 
locality with a view of making it their home, and 
are very well pleased with the country. She 
thinks there are those who might unite with the 
church, if some of onr ministers would oall and 
hold some meetings. It may be convenient for 
our brethren in California to give this call atten- 

We did our utmost to have the ministerial list 
in the Almanac absolutely correct, but some er- 
rors have crept in nevertheless. The want of 
care upon the part of some sending in corrections 
was the cause of theBe mistakes. Bro. Martin 
Neher'e address is given at Olarkson, Ind. Ter., 
and John H. Neher's at Orescent City. They 
both should be addressed in Kansas, the former 
at Monmouth, and the latter at McCune. 

From a letter, received from Andrew Wester- 
green, 202 E. Grand Avenue, Des Moines, Iowa, 
we learn that there are in the United States, all 
told, about 2,000,000 Scandinavians. In Chicago 
there are 100,000; in Minneapolis, 70,000, and in 
Des Moines there are also several thousand. He 
thinks that Bro. Hope, or some other minister, — 
who can speak the language of these people, 
should spend his time preaching to them. He 
feels that there is a good opening in his city 
among the Swedes. 

Some one asked the editor of the Untied Pres- 
byterian for the best method to raise money for be- 
nevolent purposes. He got this sensible answer: 
"We know of but one way; put your hand well 
down into the pocket, just as though you were 
going after money for some selfish purpose; get 
the contents of your pocket 'well in -hand,' as a 
business man says of his work, and then — lift. 
This is the very best way to raise money. If you 
want to know how to get other people to raise 
money, the answer is, set them a good example. " 

When Bro. Daniel Vaniman came to Mt. Mor- 
ris last week, he had in his valise a few oranges 
from the Brethren's mission farm in California. 
On this farm is a bearing grove, containing abont 
forty acres. At present there are nearly 4,000 box- 
es of oranges on the place. A half car-load has 
already been sold at §2.25 per box. One of these 
oranges was placed on our desk to be sampled. 
We found it delicious, and we somehow think that 
we know what a good orange is. These oranges 
are shipped by the car-load to Bro. Wm. R. Mill- 
er, 441 West Van Buren St., Chicago. It will re- 
quire at least twelve cars to carry them through. 
The donation of this farm to the Mission Board 
has put many of our wealthy brethren to think- 
ing, and not a few of them are preparing to turn 
valuable property over to the missionary cause. 
This they should do while living, so they will 
know that it is done properly. We not only com- 
mend our brethren for liberally remembering the 
Mission and Tract departments in their donations, 
but we suggest that they also remember our col- 
leges and charitable institutions generally. We 
now have a number of safe places where money 
may be put and will do good for generations to 
e. This is far better than to allow the money 
to be wasted by others. 


Since Nov. 22 thirty-two persona are reported 
to have been received by confession and baptism 
into the Falling Spring chnrch, Franklin Co., Pa. 
Snch reports as this, and there are a number of 
them, are indeed encouraging. It shoWB that 
there iB Btill power in the old Gospel. 

It is not death-bed sceneB nor sensational stor- 
ies that our preaohers want to learn to narrate, 
but it is a plain, clear statement of the plan of 
salvation, as found recorded iu the New Testa- 
ment. If there ever was an age in which the 
Gospel should be clearly and forcibly preaohed, 
it is at this time. Let all of our ministers make 
special preparation in both heart and mind for 
the work. 

Beo. J. H. Keller, of Livingston, Iowa, ie the 
first one to inform us of the number of additions 
to the church, by confession and baptism, report- 
ed in the Messenger during the year just closed. 
He gives the number 3,648. If we rightly re- 
member, this is a considerable increase over last 
year, and yet there were a number of baptisms 
not reported. 

In a communication concerning the Old Peo- 
ple's Home, addressed to this office, a sister Bays: 
" Many of the sisters say they have no money to 
give, but they have plenty of patches of which 
they might piece quilts and oomforters, which, 
we think, will be just as acceptable as money." 
These sisters are now gathering up their spare 
patches, have their quiltings, and in that way are 
doing an excellent thing for the comfort and con- 
venience of the, poor. A good work of this kind 
might be done by our sisters in many communi- 
ties. We have in the Brotherhood several Homes 
that will gladly accept goods of this class. Write 
■ the managers or trusteeB of these Homes for sug- 
gestions, and they will cheerfully give you needed 
information concerning the size and quality of 
goods best suited to the wants of these institu- 
tions. This item is intended to favor all the 
Homes, now in operation in the Brotherhood, and 
we trust that our sisters will act upon the sugges- 

The General Mission Board met in Mi. Morris 
last week and transacted considerable important 
business. Few of our readers are aware of the 
immense amount of business that cornea before 
the Board during the year. Some of the work re- 
quires considerable deliberation and investigation, 
in order that a proper conclusion may be reached. 
All calls for assistance in the erection of houses 
of worship, and in the preaching of the Gospel 
are looked into with great care. The business of 
the Board is conducted on the most economical 
basis. In this respect it is surpassed by no Mis- 
sion Board of which we have any knowledge. It 
requires only about two cents out of every dollar 
received to pay the working expenses of the 
Board. Thus it may be Been that 98 cents out of 
every dollar received goes direct to the mission 
field. We know of no General Board that re- 
quires less than five cents out of each dollar re- 
ceived for running expenses, while in some in- 
stances more than forty cents is required. But 
here we have a Mission Board paying its running 
expenses with less than half of what is required 
by the most economically conducted enterprises 
of the kind. Surely our Brethren have no reason 
to complain. The fifty thousand dollar farm in 
California, donated to the Brotherhood, has great- 
ly enoonraged the memberB of the Mission Board. 
They feel that our people are beooming more 
thoroughly interested in the spread of the Gospel, 
and that at no distant day we will be able to ac- 
complish a work that will make onr power felt in 
all parte of the country. 

A brother wishes to know what can be done 
with an elder, who, in his administration of church 
government, persists in violating the plain Gospel 
reqnirements of the Annual Meeting. Let that 
brother and otherB admonish the elder concerning 
his duty. If he will not heed the admonitions, he 
may then be reparted to the adjoining elders. 

a successful 
during the 

Bho. J. G. Rojer reports quite 
meeting at North Manchester, Ind 
Holidays. The meetings were held 
in the city, which was filled to overflowing. Many 
could not be accommodated, and had to return 
home. Six came forward and demauded Chris- 
tian baptism. Two were reclaimed fr< m the 
Progressives. The North Manchester chnrch is 
in a most flourishing condition. 

The Speoial Bible Term, which opened Jan. 3. 
has brought into our midst a number of ministers. 
We cannot now give the names of all of them. 
We always look forward to their coming with a 
good deal of interest and enjoy their presence. 
We trust they will find their sojonrn among ub 
both pleasant and profitable. We regret that our 
office duties will not permit us to spend more time 
with the several Bible classes now at work. 

Fashion seekers aTe ready to adopt anythiog 
that suits the fancy, however ridiculous. This 
curious story is told of the origin of the bang. 
On Blackwell's Island, New York, is a reforma- 
tory school for girls. Girls of bad habits are 
placed here to be reformed. They were in the 
habit of getting away and it was difficult to rec- 
ognize them after changing their clothing. Fi- 
nally they decided to bang them. That proved a 
perfect mark. Some of the more fashionable took 
a fancy to the style Bnd it became fashionable. 
People, who follow these fashions, might do well 
to consider their origin. 

Deo. 15 brethren Miller and Lahman had an 
experience on the volcano Vesuvius that they 
will not soon forget. As they stood looking dowr 
into the great crater there came a terrible explo- 
sion, like the firing of a battery of heavy artillery 
many times intensified. Stones were thrown 100 
feet into the air Suddenly the dark smoke and 
flames of fire burst forth. The huge mountain 
quaked and trembled, and the brethren too. 
about three minutes, Bro. Miller thinkB, they got 
volcano enough to do them the remainder of 
It was a grand, yet terrible scene. Oar readers 
will await with interest Bro. Miller's description 
of the incident. It was a sight that few travel 
are permitted to witness. It is remarkable that 
the explosion should take place just at a time to 
be seen by these brethren. 

In 1887 the Annual Meeting decided that, as the 
GosrEL Messenger can be profitably used in op. 
ening up mission fields, the General Mission- 
ary Committee be authorized to appropriate of 
the mission funds for the purpose of sending the 
Messenger into such new localities as may ap- 
pear favorable to the work, and that District Mis- 
sion Committees, and brethren engaged iu mis- 
sionary work, may recommend persons and locali- 
ties to which papers may be sent. This decision 
permits any of our District Mission Boards, or 
any regular missionary, to have the Messenger 
sent to any person, in new fields, likely to be ben- 
efited by reading the paper. It is believed that a 
judiciouB use of this privilege will be a great help 
to our missionaries in every part of the Brother- 
hood, especially so this year, for our doctrine will 
be set fully before the readers during the next 
twelve months. The names should be sent direct 
to us, stating that the paper is intended for use 
in the mission field. 


Number Twenty-six. 
The Eternal City of Rome and Its Ruins —The 
Palatine Hill and the Palace of Ceesar. 
The Colosseum. 
At one time in its history a visit to the City of 
Eome was considered a great event iu the lives of 
those who were fortuuate enough to see the Eter- 
nal City. This idea grew into a proverb, " See 
Borne and die," which would indicate that after 
seeiug the City of the Cmmrs nothing else iu this 
world would be worth seeiug. In our own days 
of rapid traveling, when we may girdle tlt6 world 
ty days, a visit to Borne has but little more 
than the commonplace in it And yet for those 
who come within her gates uot for pleasure, but 
ad the history of the past, she has wonderful 
lessons to reveal. It is to study some of these 
lessons and give them to our "readers that we are 
spending some time iu the City of Seven Hills. 

Rome, once the proud mietreBB of the world, 
oocupies such a vaBt place iu history, both relig- 
ious and political, that it has been for centurieB 
past, and will continue to b8j for years to oome, 
one of t he great centres of the world's travel. In 
the days of her greatest prosperity and power un- 
der the first Civ-tars, it was said that " all roads 
lead to Eome," and the golden mile-stone Bet up 
in the forum was the centre of her great empire, 
and she ruled nearly all the known world, so to- 
day all lines of travel converge in Rome. 

One of the most fruitful sources of the great 
masB of people who visit the City annually is the 
great church of which she is the center. Two 
hundred million of theeart'.'s inhabitants are Ro- 
man Catholics, and no matter what wo may think, 
or believe about it, every one of them regards 
their spiritual ruler who dwells on the bankB of 
the Tiber in the great Vatican palace, as the suc- 
cessor of Peter and as Christ's legal representa- 
tive on the earth. Holding this faith, but few of 
those who are able to do so, fail to visit Rome 
once or more in their life-time. 

But we are not so much interested in tho Eome 
of the present as in the Rome of the past,— the 
Rome which Paul knew, the Rime which ruled 
the world when Christ was born. And where 
shall we look for the city of the past? Not in the 
life and bnatle of the modern city, bnt amid her 
own mighty ruins, crumbling to the dust inch by 
inch as the years roll on. We wander over the 
steps of broken thrones and shattered altars, we 
plod our way among the prostrate columns of 
marble temples, once the pride of emperors and 
kings, now overthrown and covered with the moss 
of centuries. We thread our way through the 
mass of ruins, finding here and there an ancient 
temple still preserved, standing as a land-mark and 
beariDg testimony as to what the City was iu her 
glory. Every-where we find the dust of ages 
clinging to her ruins, and the owls and the bats 
flit about in what were once her pleasant palaces. 
We are reminded of the words of Byron: 

"The Niobe of nations! there she 6tands 
Childless and crownless in her voiceless woe; 

An empty urn within her withered hanos, 
Whose sacred dust was scattered long ago." 

To day we stood on the Palatine hill where 
once stood the magnificent palace of Tiberias, 
who ruled Rome when her empire was at the 
height of its glory. Our mind went back to a lit- 
tle village in an obscure Roman province, where 
a babe was born and laid in a manger. It was 



Jan, 10, 18*3. 

the babe of Bethlehem, whose kingdom should bo 
established, and whose reign should continue 
when Rome's mighty temples should crumble to 
the dust. When Christ, the King, was born, the 
palace of Tiberius stood on this height where we 
walk to-day. It was most magnificent in all its 
proportions, and grand bejond description in its 
decorations. Within its marble halls every lux- 
ury that human ingenuity could invent, and the 
wealth of the world could purchase, was enjoyed 
by the royal household. Nineteen centuries have 
passed away; the palace has gone with them. No 
trace of it iB to be seen to-day. We walked be 
neath the Bhade of the eucalyptus and pepper 
treeB and plncked roses by the wayside for loved 
ones at home. At onr feet lay the ruins of the 
Roman forum, the palaces of the Cio3ars, the arch 
of Titus and the Oolosseum. Rains every-where, 
and we thought, What is the value of the work of 
man! He rears paluces, temples and monuments, 
he passes away and Iub works crumble to the dust! 
Surely, if this world were all of life, how little it 
would be worth living! But wo thank God that 
we can look beyond the ruins and ravages of time 
to a house not made with hands, eternal in the 

In these letters, limited aB to space, we shall 
only be able to give a limited account of what we 
have seen in Rome. To go into details would be 
to write a volume. 


The wonderful structure, grand, massive, and 
imposing in its ruins, was built by the emperors 
Vespasian and Titus after the destruction of Jeru- 
salem, — some twelve thousand Jews, who were 
brought as captiveB from Palestine by Titus, as- 
sisting in building the gigantic structure. It is 
1,641 feet in circumference, 287 feet long, 182 feet 
wide and 157 feet to the top of its lofty walls. It 
was built of stone and brick and covered with 
marble. Seats were arranged in tiers in the in- 
terior so that from all parts of the great structure 
each of the 100,000 people, who could find sitting 
and standing room, could see all that transpired 
in the arena below. 

It was completed in the year A. D. 80 and Titus 
dedicated it with gameB and gladiatorial contests, 
It is said 5,000 wild beasts were slain and aB 
many men were killed in the contests, which were 
continued for one hundred days. Thus the great 
amphitheatre was dedicated in blood, and it was 
not many years before, in and around these old 
ruins, thousands of Christians were cruelly tor- 
tured and torn by wild beasts. 

It is in ruins now, but so strong was it built 
that the lower wall ia entire among the whole 
building and more than a fourth of the wall stands 
aa it was completed. We walked among the rains 
and stood in the arena, saw the denB where the 
wild beasts were kept and on the mind goes, back. 
to the ages past. We see the great building filled 
to its utmoBt capacity. The games have been 
played, the contests Bettled, and now we see a lit- 
tle band of men and women led into the arena; 
they have been brought from prison and stand 
alone and unarmed in the great arena. They 
stand, the center of the great, gazing throng, and 
in all that throng there iB not a pitying eye. The 
cry goeB aronnd the great building, "The Chris- 
tians to the lions, to the lions!" On the faoes of 
the little band, who stand alone, is a peace that 
passeth understand iog. An old, gray-haired fa- 

in prayer, while the multitudes ehont and up- 
braid them. At a given signal the dens are 
opened. The famished Hone, kept without food 
and maddened with the smell of blood, spring in- 
to the arena. For an instant they Btand dazed by 
the light, shaking their Bhaggy manes, then they 
spriDg upon their victims. The band of Christian 
martyrs are torn to pieces and the savage Ro- 
mans yell themselves hoarse with delight Such 
a scene as this comes before us to-day in the are- 
na of the Colosseum and it is not a picture of the 
imagination, for thousands of Christians were 
torn to pieces in Rome by wild beaBts. We turn 
r traveling companion and say, Let us thank 
God that we live in an age when such scenes are 
impossible. Yes, the old amphitheatre iB in ruins 
aud we are glad of it. A writer, who once visited 
the place, said of the Colosseum: 

" ItB solitude, its awfnl beauty, and its utter 
desolation, strikes upon the stranger, the nest mo- 
ment, like a softened sorrow; and never iu his life, 
perhaps, will he be so moved and overcome by 
any sight, not immediately connected with his 
own affections and afflictions. To see it crum- 
bling there, an inch a year; its walls and arohes 
overgrown with green, itB corridors open to the 
day; the young grass on its porches; young trees 
of yesterday springing up on its ragged parapets, 
and bearing fruit, chance product of the seeds 
dropped there by birds who build their nests 
within itB chinks and crannies; to see its pit of 
fight filled up with earth, and the peaceful cross 
planted in the center; to climb into its upper halls 
and look down on ruin, ruin, ruin, all about it 
the triumphal arches of OonBtantine, Septimus 
Servius and Titus, the Roman Forum, the Palace 
of the CiB3ars, the temples of the old religion, fall- 
en down and gone; is to see the ghost of old 
Rome, wicked, wonderful, old city, haunting the 
very ground on which its people trod. It is the 
most impressive, the most stately, the most sol- 
emn, grand, majestic, monrnful sight conceivable. 
Never, in its bloodiest prime, can the sight of the 
gigantic Colosseum, full and running over with 
the lustiest life, have moved one heart as it must 
move all who look upon it now, a ruin! a ruin! 
God be thanked, a ruin! " 

The first Christian martyr, who sufEered in this 
place was Ignatius, Bishop of Antioob, the disci- 
ple of John and the companion of Polycarp. 
When brought into the arena he knelt down and 
exclaimed: "Romans, who are present, know that 
I have not been brought into thiB place for any 
crime, but in order that by this means I may mer- 
it the fruition of the glory of God, for love of 
whom I have been made prisoner. I am as the 
grain of the field, and must be ground by the 
teeth of lions, that I may become bread fit for his 
table." Then closing his eyes in silent prayer he 
so remained until the famished lions were loosed 
and he was torn to pieces and devoured. Jamie- 
son, in his "Sacred Art," referring to the martyr- 
dom of this servant of God, says: " His story and 
fate are so well attested, and so sublimely affect- 
ing, that it has alwayB been to me a cause of sur- 
prise aB well as regret, to find so few represents 
tions of him." 

Oar next letter will be descriptive of the Cata- 
combs of the early Christians, one of the most in- 
teresting plaoeB we have visited in Rome. 

d. L. M. 


"Write what thou s 

HP-Church Nev/3 solicited 
good meeting, send a report ol 
In writing give n; 
Travel should be 
licitcd for this D< 
sary, will Issue si 

of it, so that others i 
ch, County and Stati 

possible. Land Adve 

Soon after the death of IgnatiuB one hundred 
and fifteen Christians were shot to death in the 
arena with arrows, and from this time on, nntil 
the end of the pagan persecution, A. D. 315, the 
history of the place ia replete with the sufferings 
of the Christian martyrs. 

We repeat again, we are glad the Colosseum is a 

ther says: "Let us pray." They kneel reverently ! rain. les, thank God, a ruin! 

The Place of Next Annual Meeting. 

Thinking that a description of the Annual 
Meeting grounds at Muncie, Ind., as well as of 
the " Magic City " itself, would be of interest to 
your readers, I give some items of information 
that I obtained to-day from the foreman of the 
committee of arrangements, Bro. Lewis J. Hooke, 
while on my first visit to the city. 

Muncie is the County-seat of Delaware County, 
and has a population of about 20,000. Situated, 
as it is, directly on the gas belt, iu the midst of a 
fine farming country, and possessed of more 'nat- 
ural advantages than any town in Southern Indi- 
ana, its growth, for the last few years, baa been 
phenomenal. To gain a faint idea of its rapid 
development, it must be borne in mind that the 
town of Whitely, a suburb on the north-east, and 
so named from its founder, Mr. Whitely, the fa- 
mous McCormick reaper man, has changed from 
a fertile tract of farming land to a manufact- 
uring centre within the last |hree months. 
Three main lines of railroads, viz: The "Big 
Four," Lake Erie & Western, and Ft. Wayne, 
Cincinnati & Louisville run into the city from 
different directions, as well as one or two shorter 
lines. Two of theBe use the same depot, and the 
other is within a square, and steam street car 
lines are handy to both stopping places. 

It is now the intention of the manager of the 
street railway system, to lay a track to the fair 
grounds, and make regular trips, for the accom- 
modation of those who attend the forthcoming 
meeting; if this is not done, a platform will be 
built on the Ft. Wayne road, and trains will stop 
one-half mile east of the grounds. 

Now as to the grounds themselves. About for- 
ty acres are enclosed in the site, and a more 
beautiful, healthful location could hardly have 
been selected. As for drainage, the ground ia 
gently undulating, and slopes to the west and 
Bouth-west. The inclination will be five feet 
to the hundred where the tabernacle stands, 
thus rendering it entirely free from elanding wa- 
ter in case of continuous rainfall, ss has been 
the case a few times at onr mef-tings. Then 
there is a stiff, blue grass sod that will hardly get 
trampled enough during one mf-eting to make it 
muddy, if it should even be rainy weather, and 
as for shade, I have never seen a more inviting, 
beautiful grove for the purpoee, The timber is 
mostly white oak, and standa eo thick over the 
whole ground that I would suppose an umbrella 
to be a nuisance while on the grounds. The 
main point, I dare say, has not been touched, 
and that is water. Let our brethren and Bisters 
reBt easy on this point, for there is an abundance 
of good, cold limestone water right on the 
grounds, and ma> be had just for the pumping. 

Some may be ready to ask by this time about 
lodging accommodations. It is now generally 
understood that the people in the city will open 
the doors to our people qaite as liberally as they 
did at Cedar Kapids, laet year, so that we feel 
safe in predicting that much for our Muncie peo- 
ple. As to the construction and arrangement of 

Jan 10, 8S3. 


the Tabernacle, Dining and Lnnch Rcoms, they 
will be very mnoh after the fashion of those used 
at Cedar Kapids, except that they will be larger 
in every way. The Tabernacle will be 148 feet 
long, 100 feet wide, and at least 7 feet to the 
eaveB all aronnd, the gables being boarded down 
to the square as heretofore. The beat of vulcan- 
ized paper will be laid on light pine sheeting for 
roofing. The seating capacity will not be less 
than 5,000, exolnsive of the large platform nsed 
for the Standing Committee, aged people, re- 
porters, etc. The Boarding Tent, Dining Hall, 
etc., will be 76 by 140 feet, and a lnnch Btand 20 
by 160, nnlesB hereafter changed. Electrio lights 
will be nsed for Tabernacle services alone, while 
natural gas will be nsed in all other buildings, 
and for lighting up the grounds. Small gas en- 
gines will be UBed to force water where/ver it is 
needed. The report has been circulated to some 
extent, that Mnncie is to donate §1,200 to the 
meeting. She does much better than that. She 
furnishes all necessary buildings, water, light and 
heat, and even the crockery, spoons and cutlery 
for our cooking department. They are counted 
to us, and we connt them back to them, we pay- 
ing shrinkage except on building material. 

I further add an item of great interest to all 
our members and friends who may w>Bh to at- 
tend. Strict sanitary measures will be enforced, 
and ten efficient policemen, furnished by the city, 
will patrol the grounds by day, and an equal 
number by night. Much interest is being taken 
already by the leading business men in the forth- 
coming Conference, and I dare say our Brethren 
have not been extended as cordial a greeting by 
any people as they will find here next year. 

I had a very pleasant conversation with the 
editor of the Daily Times yesterday, and he as- 
^s<i»«->s me that the columns of his paper, which" 
has double the circulation o£ any paper in the 
city, will be open to any information that will 
throw any light on our faith and practice. I 
have promised him some articles from the pens 
of our best talent, if they can be secured. My 
thanks are due him for courtesies shown me. I 
am also indebted for valuable information fur- 
nished by Bro. Hooke, but especially to Bro. 
Bechtelheimer, of Blonutsville, without whose as- 
sistance I might not have Been Muncie. 

The committee of arrangements will meet in 
the City of Munoie, the last day of the old year, 
and any one wishing to confer with them, should 
address either Lewis J. Hooke, Stockport, Ind., 
or Eld. D. F. Hoover, of Sulphur Springs, Ind., 
who is Secretary. A, G. Ckosswhite. 

Blounisville, Ind. 

Two New Churches Organized. 

the line, tffered by the Raccoon Creek church, 
and to go into a separate organization, abiding by 
the decision.! of Annual Meetiug. An election 
was then held for an elder to take the oversight 
of the church, and the choice fell upon William 
Harahberger. They also adopted the name " Lit- 
tle Walnut Church " 

We then went to the meeting-house iu Boone 
County, where we met with the members of that 
branch of the ohnroh Deo 3 Four elders were 
present at this place They were organized in a 
way similar to that of the Little Walnut church. 
They then chose Eld. D. O Campbell to take the 
oversight, and adopted the name "Bethany 

These new churches have no resident ministers 
among them and are in need of ministerial help 
R R Gobbobn. 
Hauserlown, Ind. 

Notes by the Way. 

The Raccoon Creek church, in Southern Indi- 
ana, being a large church with four good meeting- 
houses, and its members scattered over five or six 
Counties, began to think it would be more con- 
venient for them to be divided into three separate, 
organized chnrcheB. Accordingly, after visiting 
their members and counseling in their assembly, 
they agreed upon lines. One of them divides off 
about fifty members living in Putnam and Park 
Counties, with one meeting-house, in Little Wal- 
nut Creek, Putnam County. The other line was 
designed to divide off a cluster of about twenty- 
two members, situated in Boone and Hendricks 
Counties, with a good meeting-honse in Boone 

On Thursday, Dec. 1, the members of Pntnam 
and Park Counties assembled in their meeting- 
house on Little Walnut Creek. Three elders 
were present. After the opening exercises some 
explanations were given by the elders; then they 
unanimously decided, by individual vote, to accept 

By request I went, Nov. 12, to Friendsville, a 
preaching point in the Black Kiver churob, Me- 
dina Co , Ohio. After a few pleasant meetings I 
returned on the 14tb. I then attended the Min- 
isterial Meeting of North eastern Ohio, in the 
Maple Grove church, Nov. 16 and 17. It was 
very enjoyable and, we trust, will result in great 
good for the District. Nov. 18 I went to the 
Sandy church, Columbiana Co, Ohio, for a few 
meetings. Two noble young men received Chris- 
tian baptism Nov. 24 and others were counting 
the cost. Having other engagements, I was 
obliged to return home the same day. The home 
ministry continued the meetings a few days, when 
_.._ dear brother, John F. Kahlor, of the Canton 
church, went to their assistance. 

I began a series of meetings in the West Nim- 
ishillen church, Stark Co., Ohio, Nov. 27 and con- 
tinned until Dec. 7, closing with four baptized. 
One came out at a meeting, conducted by Eld. 
Weimer in the other church-house some time pre- 
vious. This is the home church of our dear broth- 
er, Eld. Samuel Sprankle, and while there I was 
impressed with the troth, that many of our elders 
have a great care resting upon them. Being 
called almost constantly from home, lays upon 
him a double burden,- a burden that no one can 
carry any length of time without a great Iosb 
being felt Bomewhere. The power is in the chnrch 
and she ought to come to the rescue with warm 
hearts and liberal hands. May God abunikntly 
bless all, with whom we have recently worshiped, 
for their manifestations of love while we were 
among them. 

I left home Dec. 9, for Hageretown, Ind, six 
miles north of which I am now engaged in a 
series of meetings iu the Nettle Creek church. 
The meetings have opened fairly well, and we are 
hopeful. I stopped on my way here, at Bro. 
Hoover's, in Dayton, Ohio, over night. I had the 
pleasure of hearing Bro. I. J. Rosenberger preach 
a Goepel sermon. He is conducting a aeries of 
meetings for the church there. The outlook is 
encouraging. Sister Bock was very ill and was 
anointed after evening services. Our sympathies 
and prayers are in behalf of the dear family. We 
expect to go from hero to the Union Center 
church, four miles north of Nappanee. 

I. D. Paukeb. 

llth, when we dosed with a full house and good 
interest. One wss baptized and I am satisfied 
many good and lasting impressions were made, 
which, if the proper efforts are made, will be pro- 
ductive of much good. We expect, if the Lord 
permits, to visit this place sgeiu soon. The Lord 
has a people here and we are held responsible for 
the manner in which we use our talents in regard 
to saving sinners. To God be all the prauel 
When we arrived home, we found all well. 

W. H. Miller. 
Adrian, Mo. 

Report of Ministerial Meeting. 

The Brethren of the Southern District of Penn- 
sylvania held their annual Ministerial Meeting at 
York, Pa., for the first time since a division of the 
_iddle District of Penusylvauia was effected, as 
before anuoinoed, Nov. 30, and Deo. 1 and 2. 
They organized by electing Bro. J. F. Oiler, of 
Waynesboro, Pa., Chairman, Bro. O. L. Pfoutz, of 
Gettysburg, TreaBurer, and Jacob Aldinger, of 
York, Pa., Seoretary. The meeting wan well rep- 
resent by the ministers of Southern Penn- 
sylvania, and also by the Eastern District of 
Pennsylvania, Middle Dislrict of Pennsylvania, 
and the Western District of Maryland. 

Many Brethren took part iu the discussion of 
the subjects, all in the beet spirits and brotherly 
love. Many, to whom this was a new thing, ex. 
pressed themselves pleased beyond expectations. 

The profoundeBt love and peace prevailed dur- 
ing the whole meeting. Many of our York mem- 
bers desire it to lie hell at York soon again. The 
Sunday-school qnietitnvts \eiy nbly discussed 
by Bro. S. R. Zug, of Lancaster County, Pa. The 
question, " What is the Best Method to Introduce 
the Preaching of the Gosptl in Unoccupied Ter- 
ritory?" was commented upon by J. F. OHer, Al- 
bert Hollinger and Jacob Hollinger. Good re- 
suits from the occasion are in prospect. 

Jacob Aiding*!!, Sec'y. 

From the Mission Field. 

ON Thursday, Dec. 1, 1 left home for a point, five 
and one-half miles south-west of Harrisonville 
Cass Co., Mo., where lives an isolated brother and 
sister. I commenced meetings the same evening 
in a large brick church, controlled by the M. E. 
chnrch, and continued until the evening of the 

From Bakersville, Someiset Co., Pa. 

We have just closed a very interesting series of 
meetings at the Kimmel meeting-bouse, in the 
bounds of the Middle Creek congregation. Bro. 
Jonas Fike, of Eglon, W. Vs., did the preaching. 
He commenced Nov. 26, and continued till Sun- 
day evening, Dec. 4, preaching in all twelve soul- 
cheering Bermons, by which we all feel much 
built up and encouraged in our Christian race. 
One dear old brother remarked that the meeting 
was worth a great deal to him. I certainly 
thought that it was one of the best meetings I 
ever attended. On Friday we had a children's 
meeting which was well attended and certainly 
an interesting part of our meeting. Many tears 
were Bhed while Bro. Fike talked to our children, 
and I think many lasting impressions were made 
upon their young hearts. I would recommend 
children's meetings to be held in connection 
with every series of meetings. 

Robebt T. Hdll. 
Baitrsville, Pa., Dee. 8. 

From Owen and Clay Counties, Ind. 

The Lick Creek church met in council Dec. 17, 
1892 Though an unusual amount of important 
business came before the meeting, all was dis- 
posed of to the satisfaction of all present 

" How blest the sacred ti; that binds, 
In sweet communion, kindred minds." 

Brother H. A. Sommera was chosen to act as 
Clerk, and B. F. Goshorn as correspondent to the 
Messeng-eb. A query, concerning salutation in 
public, and one, concerning attitude in prayer 


where the audience stands, were diecuBsed and 
will probably go to District Meeting from here. 

Onr Sanday-school closed for the winter. The 
members are scattered to the extremes of forty 
miles, — in fact our congregation haB no bounds, 
and when winter comes onr roads get very bad, 
and to keep up a successful Sunday-school under 
such disadvantages is nearly impossible. We 
think it would be advisable for our Missionary 
Boards to look somewhat to the needB and possi- 
bilities of onr surroundings. B. F. Goshobn. 

Clay Cily, Ind. 

Notes from Our Correspondents. 

Heljer, Kans.— Bro. A. I. Heestand closed an ex- 
cellent and interesting series of meetings in the 
Walnut Valley church, Barton Co., Kans., on 
Sunday evening, Dec. 11. Though there were 
no additions, yet we think there were many last- 
ing impressions made. — M. Keller, Dec. 13. 

Avery, Bo.— Bro. K. S. Bust, of Johnson Coun- 
ty, Missouri, came to ub Dec. 8, and continued 
until the evening of Dec. 11. Our dear brother 
gave us five interesting sermons. We think the 
members were greatly benefited, and we feel to 
rejoioe and take courage. We hope to have 
series of meetings in the near future, provided 
we can get our meeting-house finished, which, 
so far, is progressing nicely — B. E. Breshears, 
Dee. 12. 

Baugo Church, Ind. — Bro. H. W. Kreighbaum 
conducted a series of meetings commencing on 
the evening of Nov. 26, and closing Dec. 8. The 
brother labored with much zeal and earnestness. 
Onr meetings were well attended, considering 
the bad weather part of the time. There were no 
additions to the church, but the church was much 
enoouraged on her pilgrimage. Three have unit- 
ed with the church here of late. Our elder, J . 
Metzler, is at present in Ohio. — H. M. Schwalm, 
Dec. 12. 

White Church, Ind. — Dec. 7 was the date for our 
regular quarterly counoil. The business which 
oauie before the meeting was pleasantly disposed 
of, and union and harmony was the order of the 
day. At our last prayer- meeting one young sister 
made the wise choice and was received into church 
fellowship. Bro. HolBiuger came to us Dec. 1( 
and preached the Word with power. Two pre- 
cious sonls, — a young man and wife, — united with 
the church; also one dear sister,- who had wan- 
dered away, returned to the fold. We believe 
others were deeply impressed. — Frank Johnson. 

Boon Biver Church, Iowa.— Our elder, Wm. Iken- 
berry, from Waterloo, is visiting isolated members 
iu our territory. After spending a few days in 
Wright County, he came to Hancock County 
Deo. 7, and remained until the 12th. He reports 
everything in a prosperous condition, and many 
calls for preaching. During hiB presence with 
us we held our quarterly counoil. Everything 
passed off pleasantly. We selected Bro. J. E. 
MoFarlen as our Sunday-school Superintendent. 
Four members were received into the church by 
letter. They ore located in Wright County, and 
one of them is a minister in the second degree. 
Bro. W. H. Eikenberry, from Franklin County, 
has bought a farm two miles east and two miles 
south of our meeting- houBe, and is now located 
on it He is eho a minister in the second de- 
gree. He expects to hold a series of meetings at 
the school-house near his place, beginning Jan. 8. 

Bogersvllle, Ind.— Bro. A. G. OroBBwhite, of Ohio, 
commenced a series of meetings in the Buck 
Creek chnrch Dec. 13, and continued until the 
evening of Dec 23. He preached thirteen Eer- 
mons. He remained until after the council, Dec. 
24 Five additions were made to the church. — 
D.n-a Rhodes, Dec. 26. 

Plymouth, Ohio. — Eld. James McMullen con- 
ducted a sories of meetings in the Richland 
chnrch, Dec. 3, until the 6lh, when Bro. Reuben 
Shroyer, of Pierce, Ohio, continued the work. 
Nine precious souls were received into the church 
by baptiBin. Others were almost persuaded. — 
Mary M. Heifer, Dec. 25. 
Connly Line Church, Ohio.— Bro. Samuel Driver, 
elder, commenced a series of meetings Dec. 
3, and closed Dec 11, He preached fourteen ser- 
mons in all. There were no accessions to the 
church. The roads being bad, the attendance 
was not as large as it would have been otherwise, 
yet all felt that much good wan done.— J. J. 

West Dayton, Ohio. — The series of meetings closed 
Dec. 22. The results are not seen, but we hope 
that the good seed sown may produce a copious 
harvest. The church has been edified. Dec. 20 
we held onr love-feast, which will long be remem- 
bered by those present. Deo. 25 we held our 
children's meeting, which was conducted by Bro. 
0. P. Hoover. One was received by letter.— El- 
mer Wombold, Dec. 26. 

Bethel Church, Ho. — The members of this church 
have been much revived during the series of 
meetings, held here by Bro. William Hipes. The 
meetings oommenced Nov. 26 and closed Dec. 11. 
We missed two nights on account of bad weather. 
We had good attendance and good attention, but 
no aoceBsions. We believe there are sonls near 
the kingdom. May the Lord help us all to go 
forward in the line of duty! We held our coun- 
cil-meeting on Saturday, Dec. 10. — Frances Eil- 

Lordshurg, Cal. — Wife and I are in our usual 
health. To-day I am eighty-five years old, and 
if 1 wanted to tell you all that the Good Lord has 
done for me, it would take a long time. It would 
not, however, take me long to tell the little that 
I have done for the Good Lord. Blessed be the 
Lord for his care over me when exposed to many 
dangers! The Lord has been my shepherd, and 
I can say with Paul, " The Lord stood by me." 
The Lord willing, I would like to meet with the 
Brethren once more in Annual Meeting in Indi- 
ana. We have appointed a Communion meeting 
here at Lordsburg, for Dec. 24. The general 
health is good, and the weather pleasant. Many 
people are still coming to California, and among 
the number some of our own members. — John 
Metzger, Dec. 20. 

ffieyerhoeDer's Store, Va. — In the Upper Cumber- 
land congregation, at Huntsdale, Pa , I began a se- 
ries of meetings Dec. 10 of the present month, and 
continued until the 18th, when I was called home 
by the sad message that the evening before, my 
next younger brother dropped dead while prepar- 
ing to see a sick child, after riding all day and 
viBitiug a number of patients. On Monday, Dec. 
19, he,— Dr. J. W. Early,— and J. Daniel Early, 
my nephew, who died of lung trouble about the 
same hour his uncle fell dead, were buried in the 
Pleasant Valley graveyard. Funeral of both at 
one time; the coffiuB were side by side in church, 
and both graveB filled at the same time. Congre- 
gation was large and sad. My dear brother 

lacoh's Creek Church, Pa.— Bro. D. H. Walker met 
with us on the evening of Dec. 2, at Laurel Run 
school-house, and held a series of meetings, clos- 
ing Dec. 11. One dear lamb was added to the 
flock, and many lasting impressions were made. — 
J. K. Eicher, Keclcsburg, Pa., Dec. 11. 

English Biver Congregation, Iowa. — Oar meetings 
are still in progress. Three were baptized last 
Sunday, making fifteen iu all. Only one was 
over twenty years old. The youngeBt was the 
only daughter of the writer, nearly ten years old. 
Others are not muoh older. At present there is 
one applicant. — Peter Brotcer, South English, 
Iowa, Dec. 20. 

East Nimi&hillen Church, Ohio. — Bro. John Metzler, 
of Elkhart, Ind., preached four sermons for us 
recently. We hope his efforts may result in 
much good. He then left us, to stop with the 
Brethren in the Orville church, his former home. 
He expected to be with his family at home over 
Christmas. We intend to commence a series of 
meetings on the evening of Dec. 24 Bro. Sam- 
uel Sprankle is to be with us.— D. F. Ebie. 

Wabash, Ind. — An interesting series of meetings 
is being conducted here by Eld. Jacob Snell, of 
Whitley County, Ind. We expect to continue 
as long as the interest is good. The outlook 
last night was rather discouraging, it being 
near Christmas. We think Brethren's children 
should be encouraged rather to attend our own 
meetings instead of attending Christmas festivals 
and Christmas trees. — C. C. Arnold, Dec. 24. 

We have now two located ministers in the Boon ' died of heart failure, aged thirty-Bix years and 
River church. Bro. W. H. Long, of Garrison, seven days. He leaves a young widow and four 
Iowa, was with us, vUiting relatives; he preached little, fatherlesB children. He practiced medicine 
a few sermons. — Daniel Aschenbrenner, Dec 2V. ten years. — B. C. Early. 

Argos, Ind.— The Walnut ohurch, Ind., met in 
quarterly counoil Dec. 17. Considerable busi- 
ness came before the meeting, but all was harmo- 
niously 'disposed of. A manifestation of God's 
spirit seemed to pervade the meeting. We s j n9 
pect to hold a series of meetings about the mid- 
dle of January. Brethren David Swihart and 
John Stafford were selected to do the preaching. 
Two were baptized the day following onr Com- 
munion.— David W. Wolfe, Dec. 21. 

Ogan's Creek, Ind. — We were invited to the 
Ogan's Creek church, Ind., to assist in a series of 
meetings, which we began Dec. 5, and continued 
until Dec. 21. We had meeting eaoh evening, 
and a number of day meetings, — in all twenty- 
three services. The church being in peace, it 
was a pleasure to labor with them. Eld. J. H. 
Wright has charge of the churoh here, afsisted 
by Bro. Stephen Ullery. Many teors were Bhed 
by parents, when they saw their children come 
flocking home to Jesus. As a result of the meet- 
ings, the church was much revived, and fourteen 
were added by baptism. Others were brought 
nearer the kingdom, who, we hope, will not pro- 
crastinate until it is too late— IT. R. Deeter. 

Price's Creek Church, Ohio.— Dec. 8 we closed a 
very interesting series of meetings. On Thanks- 
giving Day Bro. J. H. Brumbaugh came to us 
and gave to us four soul- stirring lessons. One 
soul was brought to Christ. Bro. Henry Frantz 
continued the meetings from Nov. 26 until Dec. 
8, in his usual, earnest way. Much good was 
done. As an immediate result one more came 
out on the Lord's side. The members were 
strengthened and built up, and sinners are count- 
ing the cost. Sister Frantz, who accompanied 
her huBband, also msde many friends while with 
us. Dec. 6 we met in council to elect some 
ohurch officers. For minister the lot fell on Bro. 
Henry Eby ; for deacon, on brethren Joseph 
Sharer, Jacob Petry and Lewis Richards. As our 
elder, Bro. Samuel Petry, is very feeble and not 
able to see to his duties, we chose our dear broth- 
er, Tobias Kreider, to take tho oversight of our 
ohurch.— Joseph Longanecker. 

Jan. 10, 1893. 



New SI ark, Obio. — The meetings closed at the 
Portage church, Ohio, on the evening of Dec. 20. 
They were held in a Union chnrch, where the 
Brethren never held a series o£ meetings before. 
The interest increased till the cloBe, with a fair 
outlook for building np a ohurch here. There 
are only a few members near the chnrch. They 
showed much interest in the meetings by their 
faithful attendance. Four precious souls were 
baptized. The meetings had to close too soon. 
I am now with the Brethren of the Eagle Creek 
church, Ohio. — Henry Frantz, Dec. 23. 

Pipe Creek Church, Ind.— The members of this 
church are working in love and harmony. Our 
quarterly council was held Dec. 8. Everything 
seemed to pass off pleasantly. Bro. Daniel Wy- 
song, of Nappanee, Ind., came to us Dec. 3, and 
continued meetings until Dec. 18, preaching, in 
all, twenty sermons. There were no additions, 
but we think many were almost ready to come. 
At the close of the meeting a collection was 
taken for the children's mission school in Chi- 
cago, resulting in S15.17 — William B. Dailey, 
Peru, Ind., Dec. 19. 

Cornell, 111.— Bro. D. B. Gibson commenced a se- 
ries of meetings with the Brethren at Cornell, 
Dec. 3 and closed Dec. 18. He preached in that 
time nineteen sermons to large and attentive con- 
gregations. At times the house was filled to over- 
flowing. His preaching drew men to hear him 
who have not been inside of a church for years. 
Four precious souls resolved to serve their Mas- 
ter. Nearly the entire congregation, with few ex- 
ceptions, was brought to deep aud, we hope, last- 
ing impressions. Bro. Gibson left us this morn- 
ing. We were sorry to see him go, but he needs 
rest. He was hardly able to finish his discourse 
last evening. He delivered a sermon every day 
-;-~o Aug. 27. Bro. Gibson is surely a good 
woiier for the Lord.— J. M. Cox, Dec 19. 

flrundy Centre, Iowa.— Bro. A. Julius came to us 
here in Grundy Centre, Dec. 8, commenced meet- 
ings the same evening, and continued until the 
night of the 18th, preaching in all eleven ser- 
mons. Bro. James Thomas, of AmeB, Iowa, 
preached on Saturday night, the 17th, and while 
there were no accessions to the churoh, we feel 
that good impressions were made, and that the 
memberB were bnilt up and encouraged on their 
way Zionward. We are still trying to work for 
the Master. We have preaohing every Sunday 
morning and evening, and while our attendance 
is not large, it seems to be on the increase. Bro. 
James Thomas, of Ames, Iowa, is now holding 
meetings iu our weBt meeting-house, ten miles 
west of Grundy Centre. May the Lord bless all 
the Brethren in their labors!— A. W. Hawbecker, 
Dec. 19. 

Laity, OMo.— Bro. Jacob Heistand of Van Wert 
County, accompanied by Bro. B. F. Honeyman, of 
Gettysburg, Ohio, who had juBt closed a one 
week's series of meetings in the Van Wert 
church, began meetings on the evening of Dec. 
4, in a school-house near Latty. Bro. Honey- 
man remained one week, and Bro. Heistand con- 
tinned the meetings one week longer. He con- 
ducted an interesting children's meeting Dec. 11, 
before regular services. The attention during 
the meetings was excellent, and the attendance 
was good, considering the condition of the roads. 
Three precious ones made the good confession, 
and were baptized. Others expressed a desire 
to become followers of OhriBt, but were not 
ready to accept the earnest invitations given. If 
the excuses, sent to the Lord of that banquet, 
were not accepted, can valid reasons be found for 
not accepting the " glad tidings of salvation?"— 
Ida F. Miller. 

Dpper Cumberland Church, Pa.— A very interesting 
and profitable series of meetings was commenced 
in this churoh Nov. 26, by B. F. Kittinger, of 
Gettysburg, at the centre house, on the north 
side of this congregation, aud continued uutil 
Dec. 5. Two were received by baptism. — Albert 
Hollinger, Huntsdale, Pa., Dec 21. 

Hnntington, Ind.— Bro. Geo. L, Studebaker came 
to our Lone Creek house iu the Salamonie con- 
gregation, Huntington Co., Iud., Dec. 13. He 
remained until the evening of the 2'.lth, and 
preached twenty-seven sermons. Twelve dear 
souls were added to the fold by baptism, nine of 
the number being Sunday-school scholars. As 
is too often the case, the meetings closed too 
soon, other engagements calling Bro. S. away. — 
A. H. Snotcberger, Dec. 30. 

Ephratan, Pa.— Eld. Samuel B, Zug, of Master- 
souville, oame to us on the evening of Dec. 6, 
and preached every evening till Dec. 15, when he 
had to leave. Eld. William Herlzler came to us 
the same day and gave us five more sermons dur- 
ing the next few days. The meetings were well 
attended, considering the dark and rainy nights. 
We can report no additions, but I know that the 
earnest preaohing did the members much good. 
We ought to have more workers for the Snnday- 
school like Eld. Zag.—J. Z. Keller, Dec. 22. 

0nion Church, Ind.— This ohurch has received 
seven members by baptism Bince Jan. 11, 1892, 
and several by letter. Dec. 10 we met in quar- 
terly council. All business passed off pleasant- 
ly. The church decided to divide her territory 
and have two congregations instead of one. This 
we did Dec. 24. Elder H. W. Kroighbaum, John 
Sellers and A. Swihart were present. The divis- 
ion was made with the best of feeling, and we be- 
lieve the Lord was with ue. It leaves our dis- 
trict six and onehalf by eight miles. We have 
eighty-five members, one deacon, and two young 
ministers.— John F. Appelmnn, Plymouth, Ind, 
Dec. 20. 

Yellow Creek Church, III.— Bro. Melchor Newcom- 
■ commenced a very interesting series of meet- 
ings in thiB church, on Thursday evening, Nov. 
31. He continued until the Sunday eveuiog fol- 
lowing, when other duties called him elsewhere. 
Bro. Newcomer, while here, labored hard for the 
interest of Christ's cause. The meetings were 
continued by the home ministers for over a week 
with a growing interest, until Friday, Dec. 15, 
when Bro. Geo. Zollers, of the Hickory Grove 
church, 111., came and continued the saivices un- 
til Dec. 25, when the meetings closed. One dear 
soul came out on the Lord's Bide, and was buried 
with Christ in baptism. — Lewis E KeXlner, 
Dec. 26 

Lordstrarg Church, Cal. - The love-feast at this 
place, which was held last evening, Dec. 24, was 
well attended, especially by the members, yet the 
continuous rain during the day hindered some 
from being present. We were favored with 
some very impressive remarks by brethren from 
abroad and the home ministry, and we feel much 
benefited by the same, aud trust that we may all 
put into practice what we have heard here, not 
only on this occasion, but from time to time. 
This forenoon, before meeting, we had a chil- 
dren's meeting. Several of the brethren ad- 
dressed the children, and much interest seemed 
to be manifested by both young aud old. At the 
close of this meeting a collection was taken for 
the Children's Mission iu Chicago, conducted by 
sister Boone. The sum of $14.48 was raised 
God speed the day when more will take hold of 
work of this kind I This was a pleasant Christ- 
mas Day; the weather was quite warm part of 
the time.— Maggie Bail, Dec. 25. 

Pipe Creek Church, Ind.— Bro. Daniel Wysong of 
Nappanee, Ind., rommenced a series of meetings 
Dec. 3, cloBing the 18:h. We had a very enjoya- 
ble meeting, indeed. The churoh received much 
encouragement. None were added to the fold, 
though many felt it their duty to serve the Lord, 
but seemed to be waiting for a more convenient 
season. The prayerB of the people of God are, 
that they may not delay too long. At the close 
of the services on Sunday evening, we took up a 
oolleotion for the children's mission at Ohioago, 
which, after some addition was made, amounted 
to $15.50. — Carrie Slutesman, Onward, Ind., 
Deo. 19. 

North Manchester, Ind.— I met^ with the North 
Mauchester church Deo. 3, to assist them in hold- 
ing a series of meetings. There seemed to be an 
excellent interest from the beginning, aud, with 
the exception of a few rainy nights, the congrega- 
tions were large. Ten united with the church 
and were baptized in the beautiful little stream 
near the churoh. This is a very large and pros- 
perous church, and was formerly presided over 
by Bro. R. H. Miller who has gone to hiB reward. 
I enjoyed his fatherly couueel two years ago, 
when I assisted them in a series of meetings. 
Now I could only visit his monument and read 
thereon his last words: 2 Cor. 5: I. As I turned 
my steps from the scene, I waB impreBBed with 
the words, "He is dead but yet speaketh." I am, 
at this writing, Dec. 21, in the Eel Eiver 
churoh.— Silas Gilbert, Lighisvillc, Ohio. 

Knobnosler, Ho.— Friday, Nov. 18, I started by 
private conveyance to a point in Camden Coun- 
ty, nsar Climax, about seventy-five miles from 
home. Friday night I stopped with brother and 
sister Baker, of Iona, Teltis Co., and held a meet- 
ing at tbe Christian church. Saturday morning 
I again Btavted out, and reached my destination 
in time for eleven o'olock meeting on Sunday. 
I remained at this place sewitien days, trying to 
present tbe Word of Life. The Lord blessed the 
Word spoken, snd nire dear ones confessed 
Christ and were baptized. On my return I 
stopped with the Spring Branch congregation, 
and held five meetings with good interest. The 
Brethren at thiB point aru working hard to build 
a meeting-house. Nearly the enure building has 
been constructed of native lumber, and much of 
the work has been done by tbeir elder, Bro. M. T. 
Baer, overseeing the work I arrived home Dec. 
13 -if. S Bust 

Oalesburgli, Eans.-The members of the Neosho 
chnrch met yesterday, Dec. 10, iu quarterly coun- 
cil, at which Bro. M. O Ho.lgden was appointed 
to act as agent, and the wiiter as correspondent 
for the MiiS3ENOEH. It was also decided to com- 
mence a Bible meeting. As but little business 
cams before the meeting, all passed off pleasant- 
ly. As I have seen no report of our love-feast, 
I will report it now. We commenced a series of 
meetings Nov. 6, and continued each evening 
during the week. The meetings were conducted 
by the home ministry until Nov. 9, when Bro. 
Jesse Studebaker, of Mont Ida, came to us and 
held forth the Word of Life each evening np to 
our feast, which occurred Nov. 12. Onr love- 
feast was indeed an enjoyable one. About 100 
members communed. We were glad to see bo 
many with us from adjoining churches. On Sun- 
day we had social meeting at nine o'clock and 
preaching at eleven; also in the evening. This 
closed our meetings at this time, with no addi- 
tions to the church. A few weeks later, while 
our elder, Bro. Sidney Hodgden and his Bon, Bro. 
Dorsey Hodgden, of Indiana, were with ns, one 
young man was baptized, and one reclaimed. 
May we all prove faithful and enter in through 
the gates into the oityl— Mary E. Kester, Dec. 11. 



WILLY— MATTES.— At the home of the bride's parent/, 
In Shannon, III, on Thursday evening, Dec. 15, 1892, Mr. 
John Willy and Emma Mattel. D. Rowland. 

ROBERTS-LYLE— At the residence of the bride's par- 
ents, Nov. 30, 1891, by Rtv. U. B.Cannon, Bro. Chas. L. 
Roberts and Miss Daisy P, Lyle, all of White Cottage, Ohio. 
S. L. Roberts. 

HESS— TROXEL.— At the residence of the undersigned, 
Dec. 8, 189a, Bro, Henry Hess, of Knox County, Ohio, and 
sister Anna Troxel, lately from Missouri, but formerly of 
Ashland County, Ohio. Eld. Gkokge Worst. 

OSWALT— HOCJVER.— At the home of the bride, on 
Thanksgiving evening, by the undersigned, Mr. Henry W. 
Oswalt and Miss Emma Elizabeth Hoover, both of Stnrk 
County, Ohio. S. B. Stuckby. 

KNORR— WEIGLE.— At the residence of the under- 
signed, Dec. 15, 1892, Mr. Thomas J. Knorr and sister A n- 
dora Wtlgle, all of Shannon, Carroll Co., III. 

S. Mattes, 

STROLE— HARN1SH. — At the bride's home, In Dor- 
ranre church, Russell Co, Kan*., Dec. 21, 1892, by the writ- 
er,John S. Strole and Susan R llarnlsh 

BIERLY — In the Cook's Creek 
ham Co., Va, Dec 7. 1S9?, of piralj 
Margaret Bkrly, aged 68 jears, 1 ni< 
husband, Jacob Bh rlv, preceded her 
months ago. Funeral services from 

r>i;n.^.'U'on, Rocking- 
G of the brain, sister 
tii and 2 dajs. Her 
the »plri! world ten 
71m. 4: 6-S by tne 
S F Sanger. 

BUCK.-Al h 
189 1, very f u Jdi nly, of reiil 
wife of Bro John S. Buck 
days. SI c leaves a husband 
loss. The funeral occasion 

in Fi 

lln Grove, 111., Nov. 24. 
Iteate, tlster Matilda N. Buck, 
grd 64 jears, 1 month and 29 
d five children to mourn treir 
as Improved by Bro. Daniel 
D. B. Senger. 

1 Ha 

HELWIG— BOWMAN.— At the heme of the bride's par- 
ent*, Thomas M. and Eliza Bowman, near Plercetori, Ind„ 
Dec. 25, 1891J Llewellyn Htlivlg and Miss Grace C. Bow- 

Bennett, Dec. 25 1891. by the unde 
Clemans and MIeb Nellie Rldinger. 

ALLEN— ROSS— At the groom's 
by Geo. E. Studebnker. Geo, H. Allen j 
all of Hoitgman County, Kans. 

residence of Daniel 
signed, George W. 
II. H. Brallirr. 

Fallen Asleep. 

MINIC— In the Bachelor Ru 
Nov. 21, 1891, of typhoid 1 ii. in. 
yean, 9 months and 19 dajs. ] 
many fympathutng friends to 
servicers by Bro Hiel Hamilton. 

church, Carroll Co., Ind 
nla, Noah Mlnlc, aged 50 
! leaves a wife, a son, 

ouni their loss. Funeral 

FAUST— Near Williamson, -'Back Creek church," Pa., 
Dec. 1 6, iS9i, David Faust, aged 72 years, S months and 12 
da)B, rhe deceased suffer, d from asthma for years, but la'.er 
on from dropsy. He ceived In the effice of deacon for many 
)ears. His wife preceded him to the spirit world some ) ears 
ago. Gborge Hhgk. 

MILLER.— Near York City, Pa., Sept. 8, 1892, Charles, 
son of Bro. Daniel and sister Mary Miller, aged about 1 1 
)ears His remains were Interred In the cemetery at Roth's 
church, services being held by Eld. Peter Brown and David 
H. Baker. 

WAGNER— Near Abbottstown, ra.Sept 11, 1892, Infant 
child of Bro. David and tlster Katie Wagner, Interment at 
Mummert's meeting house near East Berlin. Services con- 
ducted by Eld. Peter Brown and others. 

SOWERS.— Near New Oxford, Pa., Sept. 14, 1892, Levi 
Sower 5, aged about 37 3 ears. 1 nler ment at same place as the 
one preceding. Services by Rev. Shlndle (Lutheran) and 
David H. Baker. 

LONGENECKER— In the SprlngBi Id congregation, No 

ble Co. Ind., Dec. 12, 1892, Samuel II Longenecker, son of 
Samuel and Barbara Lorgenecker, aged 68 years, 8 months 
and 18 days. Deceased was born March 25, 1824, in Lancas- 
ter County, Pa. He was married to Miss Sophia Beckly, 
Nov. 12, 1S44 In 1853 he moved from Pennsylvania to Ohlc. 
In the year following they united with the German Baptist 
Brethren. In 18C0 he lost his companion. He was united 
In marriage to Catharine Yourg In rS6; He moved to Indi- 
ana In 1876. He leaves a wife and eix children of the first 
companion and five of the second. Funeral services con- 
ducted by Bro. Benjamin Leer, asiisted by Bro. John V. Felt- 
house. Remains Interred In the Ligonier cemetery, Noble 
Co,, Ind. 

KING.- In the Arnold's Grove church, Carroll Co., 111., 
Samuel Joseph, twin son of Bro. Samuel and sister Emma 
King, aged 5 months and 16 daye. Funeral t^rvlces were 
conducted by Bro. Geo. D. Zolleis. LtzziE Zollers. 

HARTER.-NearOdell, Gage Co., Nebr , Dec. 3, 1892,0! 
heart disease, Bro. Aaron Harter, aged 7 [years, 10 months 
rind 19 days. Funeral services by the writer, from Rev. 14: 
13, to a sorrow Irg family and sympathizing audience. 

Stephen Yodkr. 

DUGAN.-In the Landess church, Grant Co., Ind., Nov. 
17, rSg:, Bro Dugan, aged S3 years, 6 months and 1 day. 
He was born May 16, 1809, in the County of Dover, Ireland. 
He had 01 ly been a member of the Brethren church a few 
years, but proved faithful until death. Funeral by the writer. 
Aaron Moss. 

JEFFERSON— At Washington C. H., Ohio, Dec. 7, 1892, 
sister Maria Jefferson, aged about 75 years. Deceased was 
born In (lark County, Kentucky She came to Washington 
C H., Ohio, abjtit seventeen years sga and was a member of 
the M. E. church until Nov. 22, 1891, when she was received 
by baptism Into the Brethren church. Funeral by Eld. Har- 
vey Carter from 2 Tim. 4:7. J. C. Jones. 

LILLIGH —In the Mulberry Gro 
392, Bro. Jacob LUligb, aged Si year 
le was born In Lancaster County, 
smovedto Illinois in 1865. He wa 

MILLER.— In the Spring River church, Jasper Co., Mo., 
Jec. 2, 1892, Samuel T. Miller, aged 80 years, 9 months and 
5 days. He leaves a wife and four children. Deceased 
erved the church as deacon for about twenty-five years. Fu- 
neral discourse by the Brethren from Rev. 14: 13. Father 
was born in Rockingham County, Va., in 1S12, and in 1832 
was Miss Ann Hunt In Virginia. In 1839 he emi- 
grated to Washington County, Tenn., and In 1S56 moved to 
Linn County, Iowa. In 1858 he moved to Andrew County, 
Mo., and in 1815 he moved to this County. 

S. A. Miller. 

HARDMAN.— In Missouri Valley, Harrison Co., Iowa, 
Aug. 28, 1892, tister Catharine Hardman, wife of friend John 
Hardman, aged 71 years, 3 months and 3 days. Old Mother 
Hardman was confined to her bed for nearly twelve years. 
She bore her affliction with patience. She was the mother of 
eight children,— five sons and three daughters. Three sons 
and one daughter preceded her to the spirit world. She was 
a very consistent member of the Brethren church for over 
fifty-four years. Funeral services conducted by Rev. Isaac 
Skelton, pastor of the Baptist church. S. Schlotman. 

HOLLER.— In the bounds of the Green Mount congrega- 
tion, Rockingham Co., Va., Dec. n, 1892, Earl Grafton, little 
san of Bro. Noah Holler, aged 7 months and 29 days. A few 
weeks ago little Earl's mother was called into eternity. Fu- 
neral services by Eld. B. Miller and the writer from Matt. 18: 
1,2,3. J.C.Mvers. 

BECK.— At Warrior's Mark, Huntingdon Co., Pa., Dec. 
iS, 1892, Reuben H. Beck. He was a sufferer for about nine 
months. He was a good citizen and a member of the Metho- 
dist church for a number of years. He leaves a faithful wife, 
a member of the Brethren church. Three sons and three 
daughters also mourn their loss. Services by Rev. Young, of 
the M. E. church, and the writer. S. S. Gray. 

STOUFFER.— At Downs vllle, Md., 
grene of the throat, resulting from mu; 
Stouffer, daughter of Wm. C. and Emrr 
years, 3 months and 13 days. Funeral 

>ec. ;o, 1S92, of gan- 
rps, Emma Florence 
1 K. Stouffer, aged 7 
srvices in the Dlscl- 


John 6: 44. Interment I 
, Md. J. A. Bricker. 

■e church 

111., Dec- is, 

, 3 months 
Pa , Aug 

and devoted 

ars and filled 


) B. S:u 


conducted by 
(jii Text, 1 

sister Hannah Livlngst 
months and 3 days. 

GAMBER.— In the Silver Creek congregation, Williams 
County, Ohio, Dec. 20, 1892, sister Mary Gamber, aged 63 
years, 2 months and 24 days. She was a devoted sister. An 
aged companion and seven children are left behind. 

A. A. Thi 

Meadow Branch church, In thegCity of 
roll Co., Md , Dec. 13, 1892, of heart trouble, 
wife of A. H. Huber, aged about 52 years, 
iw-stricken husband and five children. Fu- 
s improved by elders E. W. Stoner and Uri- 

Bachmansville, Pa., Oct. 1, 1S92, 
at the advanced age of 95 years, 7 
rment at the Holtz Schwamp 
church. Services conducted by Rev. Secrist (Lutheran) and 
D. H. Baker. 

BAKER.— Near Big Mount, Pa., Nov. 2, 1S92, George 
Baker, aged 3S years. Interment at same place as the one 
preceding. Services by Rev. Henry (Lutheran) and David 
H. Baker. 

BAER.— Near Bragtown, Pa., Dec. 3, 1892, Bro. Wm. 
Baer, aged about 77 years. His remains were interred at the 
Mummert meeting- house near East Berlin. Services by Pe- 
ter Brown and David H. Baker. 

MILLER.— Near Menges' Mill, Pa., Dec. 9, 1892, sister 
Rebecca Miller, widow of Solomon Miller, deceased, aged 
about 83 years. Interment in the cemetery at Roth's church. 
Funeral services by Eld. Aaron Baugher and David H.Bak- 
er. Mary K. Baker. 

WILES.— in the Hopewell church, Bedford Co., Pa., Nov. 
20, 1S92, Bro. James Wile6, aged 40 years, 7 months and 3 
days. Funeral services by Eld. Henry Clapper from John 
14: 1 and 2. L. A. Moore. 

tiie dt-iicon's otli:e for over 30 ) 
Eld. John Goodman, assisted 
Thess. 4: 13 14. 

SWORDS— In the Lower Cumberland church, Pa., Oct 
10, 1892, Benjamin H. Swords, aged 63 years and 2 months 
He lived, at the lime of his death, with Bro. John Robert. 

SIPLINGER— At the same place, Nov. 6, 1S92, sister 
Margaret Siplinger, aged 74 years, 5 months and 15 days 
Funeral by the writer. David Niesly. 

SHAFNER.— At Boiling Spring. Cumbsrland Co, Pa. 
Nov. 12, 1S92, Elizabeth Shafner, wife of John Shafner, agec 
65 years and several months. David Niesly. 

TRUSLER.— In the Buckhannon congregation, Upshui 
Co., W. Va, Dec. i, 1S92, sister Rodla Trusler, daughter of 
Wm. and Sarah Trusler, aged 19 years, 2 months and 19 day: 
Sister Rodla had the measles last winter, which left her In 
bad health, which soon terminated in consumption. When 
the realized her condition, she desired to pin the church of 
the Brethren, but was greatly opposed by her parents who 
wished her to pin the church of their choice. Falling in 
this, woiel was sent to the Brethren, who sent a buggy and 
brought her to the church-house. Sspt. iS, In thepresence of 
a large crowd, she was burled In Christ by baptism, and Oct. 
31 she was again brought to the love-feast, and there permit- 
ted to partake of the institutions of God's house. At the 
close of the services she wassnolnted with oil. Before she 
died she requested her parents to get close to the Lord and 
meet her in heaven. She desired to be burled In plain cloth- 
ing. Amidst tears of sorrowing brethren and friends she was 
laid to rest, expecting to realize the last words she said to her 
mother, " You will find me In heaven." 

Eld David J. Miller, 
HA AN.— In the Scott Valley church, Coffey County, 
Kans., Dec. 10, 1S92, sister Minnie May, daughter of Bro. 
Peter and risler Susie Haan, aged 15 years and 7 months. 
Minnie united with the Brethren church about three years 
ago. Funeral discourse by the undersigned from Luke 8: 52. 
Chas. M. Ybarout. 

Westminster, Ca 
sister Mary Anr 
She leaves a son 
neral occasion w 
ah Bixler. 

MYERS.— In the Beaver Dam church, Frederick Co., 
Md,, Dec. 15, 1S92, Bro. Abraham Myers, aged about 60 
years. He leaves a sorrowing widow and two grown chil- 
dren, — a son and a daughter, with their companions. All are 
members of the church except the ton. Funeral occasion im- 
proved by brethren Solomon Stoner, T. J. Kolb, I. Utz and 
the writer. 

The Gospel JHessenge* 

1 13, both by e 

lolthe German Baptist or Brethrep'a church, 
and advocates the form of doctrine taught in the New Testament and 
pleads lor a return to apostolic and primitive Christianity. 

It recognizes the New Testament as the only infallible rule of faith and 
practice, and maintains that Faith toward God, Repentance from dead 
works, Regeneration of the heart and mind, baptism by Trine Immersion 
lor remission of sins unto the reception of the Holy Ghost by the laying 
on of hands, arc the means of adoption Into the household of God,— the 
church militant. 

It also maintains that Feet-washing, as t; 
ample and command of Jesus, should be observed in the church. 

That the Lord's Supper, Instituted by Christ and as universally ob- 
served by the apostles and the early Christians, Is a full meal, and, in 
connection with the Communion, should be taken In the evening or after 
the close of the day. 

That the Salutation of the Holy Kiss, or Kiss of Charity, Is binding 
upon the followers of Christ. 

That War and Retaliation are contrary to the spirit and self-denying 
principles of the religion of Jesus Christ. 

That the principle of Plain Dressing and of Non-conformity to the 
world, as taught in the New Testament, should be observed by the fol- 
lowers of Christ. 

That the Scriptural duty of Anointing the Sick with OH, In the Name 
oi the Lord, James 5: 14, b binding upon all Christians. 

It also advocates the church's duty to support Missionary and Tract 
Work, thus giving to the Lord for the spread of the Gospel and for the 
conversion of sinners. 

In short, it Is a vindicator of all that Christ and t 
joined upon us, and aims, amid the conflicting the 
modern Christendom, to point out ground that all 11 
iallibly safe. 

ies and discords oi 
st concede to be in- 

|yThe above principles of our Fraternity are 6et forth 
on our Brethren's Envelopes." Use them I Price 15 cents 
per package; 40 cents per hundred. 

-V J/l<T 

Jjy^y^, d&jujhi 

1 U. vi x j\ «. ( rfu. ^cr^ d W U £ AW^, -W» 4 'flf i^fa %uy^ x 

Jan. 10, 1S93. 



lit*! pit tstk **:! I:e':1!:3. 

Ons time or more, Si 

One month {4 times) 1 

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List of Publications for Sale.— Sent by 
Mail or Express, Prepaid, 



, Family Bible, i 

. Iaimmion, Qo 

ai.<lStnnOD S ,Qu 



rine of the Br. 


= Communion, 

Fine Limp, gilt-edge, 

9 House We Live In, 


ood of Christ, - - - .- 

ght Church. .... 


In (Danish,) .... 


on Examined, .... 

.,; . 

In( .... 

". S 

H"° n - 

menrs, all styles and sires. Hymnals and Hymn Bool 

Sena for our catalogue anil price lie 



Any book in the market furnished at pub 
lshers' lowest retail price by the Brethren's 
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ciat prices given when books are purchased in 
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Hon, Write (or gpedil low pricea- 
The House We Live In.— By Daniel Vaniman. It 

gives a concise account of the faith and practice 

of the Brethren. Price, 100 copies, 60 cents. 
Teaching and Teachers. — By H. Clay Trumbull. 

Just the book for a live Sunday-school teacher. 

Cloth, Si.aS- 
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Illustrated with many steel and wood engravings. 

Library sheep, S3. 00. 

important subject in a simple though conclusive 
manner. Price, 50 cents. 
the Story of the Bible. —An excellent volume for 
old and young; will interest and instruct all those 
desiring a knowledge 0! the Scriptures. Price, 


C^~The following books, Sunday-school 
supplies, etc., are for sale by the Breth- 
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For Sunday-school teachers and scholars this publi- 
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ties Tunc and Hymn Books. 

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The following list ol things Is needed in all Sundaj 

Testaments, Flexible, (<_■] tdyv, j cr doien, (1 

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New artd Beautiful Sunday-School Cards. 

"The Gem," 50 picture cards, each with Bible 
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The Young Disciple, 

The Young Disciple is a neatly printed weekly, 
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Europe and Bible Lands.— By D. L. Miller. A book 
for the people,— more comprehensive and thor- 
ough than many higher-priced works. Price, cloth, 
<i.St>; leather, S2.00. 

Quinter and McConnell Debate.— A debateon Trine 
Immersion, the Lord's Supper, and Feet-washing, 
between Eld. James Quinter (German Baptist) 
and Eld. N. A. McConnell (Christian) held at Dry 
Creek, Iowa, 1867. Price, ji.50. 

Family Bible, with Notes and Instructions.— Con- 
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Maps, Tables ol Weights and Measures, Family 
Record, eight elegant illustrations, etc. Price, 
substantially bound, $4.50. 

Tne People's Bible.— By Joseph Parker. An excel- 
lent work. In twenty-four volumes, 8vo, cloth. 
Per volume, 41.50. 


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folks. Price, Three Copies, per Quarter, 10 
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This is a neatly-printed and well-bound 
volume of 426 pages, containing a 
written biographical sketch of Eld. J, 
Quinter and forty of his sermons. 

The biographical part will be found ciuite 
Interesting, instructive and Imprei 
one can read an account of Bro. Qulnter'i 
life without feeling deeply and favorably Im 
pressed. The work shows how a poor 
orphan boy, by hard work, and faithfulness to 
his religious convictions, rose step by step, 
until he reached ft field of usefulness and 
honor as broad as the Nation itself. Though 
dead, his good deeds and the Impress! 
examples In piety, learning and simplicity 
will follow him for generalloiis to come. 

The Sermon Department contains many of 
his choice sermons, which will prove exceed- 
ingly Interesting and profitable reading to all, 
and especially to onr ministers nnd Isolated 
members. We feel that this book will fill a 
long-felt want in our Brotherhood. Price, 
post-paid, $1.25. 

Brethren's Publishing Co., 
Mt. Morris, III. 



This excellent work, which we offer (or 
sale to our readers, at the low price of %i c.0 
post-paid, Is the only one of the kind thai 
may be depended upon :is being 
liable. Any verse in the Bible m 
ly found by looking for any material word In 
the verse. Besides this 
significations of fie pr! ..;■ . 
'.heir true, Scriptural menr I ,g mi 
A full accomr . ' 

monies Is given as wi 11 
eordance of the pM-iv.-. 
and of the bcoU .. 


for 1 



A new edition of this deserved ly-popidar 
Sunday-school song book lia^ ju I been Is 

Bro. Beery has had a large experience In 
Sunday-school work, and the book which we 
offer to the Brethren, and the public in gen- 
eral, evinces the exerci>:.;j of talent as well as 
good judgment. The religious purity of the 
hymns, contributed by sinter Beery, adds 
much to the excellence of the book. 

Price per single copy, 25 cts. , per dozen, by 
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Br p. 


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Watch for the MONON'S new schedule to 

Good Books for All. 

AH for Christ,— By Thomas I arter. 1 v> ry 
■ m tClirl linn 1 innot hi Ip but bo benefited i>y 
the reading- ol tills excellent work. Cloth, 65 els. 

Ancient History. By Charles Rollin. This 

i.ui.l .i,l wml. -.UuuM I.,- h, ,'v, iv 1il,,. U \. 1'ike, 

A Homilctic Encyclopedia. By R. A. Bert* 

I im. 1 In I I . 1.. .hi, , giving illustrations In 

moral . Ii .1 linnd 1 Ii ol prai tli ii divinity, and a 

commentary on Holy Scripture. Cloth, J3.50. 

Before an Audience.- -By Nathan Sheppard, 
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In .. I loth, 75 cents. 

Bible Teachings in Nature. — lty Hugh Mafr 
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. xtat Hand on] dm d them to mini iti 1 unto us, 
and this Ii ihown In the above work. Cloth, 41.75. 

Cyclopedia of Illustrations. By Elon Fos- 
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work, while nol Intended to do away with Individ- 
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Cod and the Future Life. By < Im,. No,d- 

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History of the Christian Church.— By Phil- 

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■ ■ . : ■ 
John Ploughman's Talk and Pictures. By 
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plain Hint ho " who mow th may ro Ld an 1 under 
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Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah.— By 

Uircd 1 ii' 1 in Im. A tl gli work, ol 1 !"■' lol 

Interi il to Bible students. Two volumes, cloth. 

1 . fall to I-; Interesting. 1" two 

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the Christian religion. Cloth, 
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Puipit Cyclopedia.- By J. Burn.. i I.n 

In plan ol work and general 1 harm tc 1 1 tin " Cy- 
.■ 1 ■■■:.. 

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the be l thoughts to he l 1 in the sermons ol 

this great preacher. Cloth, 

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■ ■ 

Two Worlds are Ours. By Hugh Macmil- 

lan. As travelers from this world t" il"- hc- 

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Types and Emblems.— By Charles H. Spur- 
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Cloth, Si. 00. 

The Parabolic Teaching of Christ.— By A. 

1;, A Systematic and Critical Study of the 

1 our Lord. Cloth, %%.<fi. 

The Prayers of the Bible.— By Philip Wal- 
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. :.v ol this Important subject. <Cloth, 


The Life of Trust.— By George MuIIer. In 
this work It may lie seen how a perfect faith is re- 
warded Ly the blessing of God. Cloth, fi.5». 

The Works of Flavius Josephus.— Trans- 
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ton, A. M. This la a full and complete edition 
and the fine, large type makes it acceptable to all. 
Cloth, % a, w; alligator, 12.50; sheep, 13.00. 

Wearebtill in the field, pushing the be! 
Fence In the world with all the force possible. 
Patties, desiring to correspond with us, should 
e the following 

t^"AU orders from Ohio should be ad- 
dress to Miami Fence Co., Miamisburg, 

5^* All orders from Pennsylvania should 
be addressed to Pennsylvania Fence Co., Un 
ion Deposit, Pa. 

jyAU outside of the above States, should 
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ville, Ohio. 

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Morris can get full information from David 
Holiinger, Mt. Monk, 111. 48tt 

Wolf's Business College. 

D Eleie Wolf, Principal, 

James T. Quinlan, 

Shipping & Commission Merchant, 

305 S. Charles St., Baltimore, Md. 


The Gospel Messenger. 

"Set for the Defense of the Gospel." 

Vol. 31, Old Serin 

Morris, ill, and Huntingdon', Pa. Jan 17, 1893. 

No. 3 


The Gospel Messenger. 

H. B. Brumbaugh, Editor, 

Aj!i3 Bimlncss Manager of the Eastern House, Boe 50 

Huntingdon, Pa. 

0®" As the Young Disciple and the Quarterlies are publish- 
ed at Mt. Morris, orders for them and Sunday-school sup- 
plies should be sent to that office. 

Table of Contents, 


Things Earthly. By Sadie Brallier Noffsinger, 34 

Two Pictures 38 

Essays, — 

Primitive Christianity, as Understood and Practiced by 
the Brethren. By H. C. Early. Repentance.— 

Part 1 34 

The Nature of Man . By M. J. McCIure, 34 

That Which Is pleasing to God. By A, Hutchison,. . .35 

A New Year's Check. By J. D. Haughteiin, 36 

Setting Our House in Order. By Florida J , E. Etter, . 36 

Weights. By A. Flory, 36 

The Ml6slng"H." By C. H. Bahbauj;h, 36 

" Be Not Weary in Well-doing." By Isaiah C. John- 
Missionary and Tract Work Department,— , 

The Bible. By J. L. SwlUer, 38 

The Lord's Cause In Cities. By A. Hutchison 3S 

Orr Trip to Colorado and Return. Bj I 

A Warning 39 

The Best Insurance Company. By Albert Sharp,,... 39 

Ministerial Meeting 39 


* Holiday Reflections 33 

A Lack of Faithfulness, 41 

Editorial Wanderings In the Old World. No. 27, 41 

Correspondence, , 37, 42, 43, 44 

Notes from Our Correspondents, 44, 45 

Literary Notices, 46 

Matrimonial, 46 

Fallen Asleep 46 

Advertisements,... 47, 4S 

Bbo. J. M. Mohler opened, a series of meetings 
Jan. 4, at Martinsbnrg, Pa , in the Clover Creek 

Bbo. A. 0. Dilling, Treasurer, wishes as to re 
port $9.00 to the home mission from the Yellow 
Creek church, Po. 

"Those who have finished by making all oth- 
ers think with them, have usually been those who 
began by daring to think for themselves." 

Cold weather, good sleighing, and protracted 
meetings aeemB to bo the program for January. 
We fondly hope that all these things may work 
together for good. 

" If it coat3 much to be a zealous and success 
ful Christian, it will coat infinitely more to live 
and die an impenitent sinner. Biblo religion 
costs self-denial; sin costs self-destruction." 

Bro. F. P. Holsoitle, in charge of the Ser- 
geantsville church, N. J., was, with his wife, on a 
visit to his mother-in-law, eistar Qainter, at this 
place, during the Holidays. He reports a pleas- 
ant home with the New Jersey brethren and is 
pleased with his work at that place. 

Don't forgot that the Huntingdon Bible Term 
opens Jan. 31 and that everybody is invited to bfl 
present. Come at the opening and remain till the 
close. If you caunot do this, come as Boon aa you 
can and remain as long as yon can. 


There is no other season of the year that ia so 
pregnant with thoughts as the closing and open- 
ing of the years as they come and go. The needs 
and wants are greater than the possibilities, and, 
as a result, we have a crowding every-where. In 
our towns and cities, our thoroughfares, railroad 
depots, coaches, wherever we go, there is a feel- 
ing manifest of crowding and grasping for Bpace 
and time, thus teaching us that, after all, time is 
precious and that we have none to spare. Every 
day, every bout, yea, every moment is a determin- 
ing point in our life, and admonishes us that, what 
we have to do should be done with our might. 

We were more than ever inipreeeed with these 
thoughts during our late trip to Hagerstown, Md, 
On our way we were met with auxiouB feces and 
crowded minds, sho^ng that there wus more of 

to do it. The closing of ell periods brings with 
it such feelings and indications, and it such are 
our experiences in life, what must they' be when 
the last period comes, — when time, as a proba- 
tion, shall be no more, and our fature depends 
upon what the past has been! 

But still other thoughts orowded in upon us 
as we came within touching contact with a busy 
and pushing world. Humanity always was an 
interesting study with us, and to be crowded in 
among the people is a pleasure that it is diffi- 
cult to explain even to ourself. Every man's life 
is a volume, being edited and compiled, — in mo=t 
cases largely compiled, as they fail to thick for 
themselves and make up their own lives by assim- 
ilating to themselves the lives of others. Perhaps, 
for some, this is the better way and yet ifc eeems a 
pity that a living, rational entity should bo noth- 
ing more than a Bponge. While there is much in 
life that is disappointing yet it is a satisfaction to 
learn that we have lives that are real and the ex- 
ponents of unflinching integrity, aud in our meas- 
uring character it is the life, and not the profes- 
sion, that is made the test for decision. 

Oar associations in travel afford very good op- 
portunities for glancing views into the ever- in- 
creasing life-volumes of others. As we thus see 
them, we are reminded of our own. The courte- 
sies of contact are generally a fair index of the 
life being lived. Home habits, though often kept 
in the background, when abroad, take pleasure in 
asserting themselves in the unguarded momenta, 
and often speak right out in meetiDg. Like 
naughty children, they are always present when 
not wanted. Can a leopard change his spots? So 
it ia with the good and bad, — their lives travel 
with them, and if we wish to be polite, courteous, 

'i. away from home, it is beBfc to bo prac- 
tice at home,— b?6t in more ways than one. The 
home life is the life, and upon thia life depends 
our own happiness as well as the happiness of 
tho3e with whom we come in contact. After all, 
the most beautiful and accomplished life in the 
world is the Christ-life. It is the light of the 
world nud. the great mollifier of all human ills. 

Daring onr Jato visit we came in contact with 
lives abroad aud at home as well, — among theae 
the homes of our own people. We wore made 
glad that in these homes we enjoyed a home-like 
feeling. Our pledgo of diecipleahip ia that we 
have love one for another, and it is the exercise of 
this lovo that makes ub feel that we are children 
of tho same household of faith. It is the con- 
tinued expression in ua that we are of tho Father 
and that we are living to express "his will to, 
save " in the Uvea of others. 

In going to Maryland our purpese was to see a 
few with whom we were acquainted and to attend 
their Ministerial Meeting. Our hesitancy in go- 
ing was that we had a personal acquaintance with 
only a few; but in this case, as in all Buch caseB, 
ling tvaa soon forgottun, and 
we associated as childron of the same family. 

Right here we will digress from our present 
line of thought to say what we aaid to some of 
our brethren, and we Bay it with great deference 
to the guilty parties. It is this: The Maryland 
churches, we mean the homes of the members, are 
hard on visiting ministers, — they kill in overfeed- 
ing. Of course it is all kindness, but it is an ov- 
erdosing of love, which does not result in good 
and edifying preaching. It is true that we are to 
resist temptation, but it is equally true that we 
pray, "Lead us not into temptatioD," and why 
should we be thus led by those who love us beat? 
However, as we remarked before, the Holidays are 
a season of crowding, and the festive board ia no 
exception. We would like to give our experience 
for the warning of ofhera, but it might caBt aome 
unsavory reflections upon ourself and therefore 
we desiBt, hoping that others will accept the kind- 
ness of our Maryland sisters more sparingly than 
did we. 

On our arrival at Hagerstown we were met by 
our esteemed brother of "Orphans' Home" repu- 
tation, D. Emmerfc, where we had our headquar- 
ters. By him we were informed that preaching was 
called for in the church-house in town for the ev- 
ening. There are about seventy members living 
in the town, divided into the three adjoining 
churches. There are three ministers, — W. S. 
Ketchard, A. B. Barnhart, and Dr. Pollard, so 
that they are well provided with ministerial help, 
and should be able to do good work. They also 
have a good Sunday-school and a weekly prayer- 
meeting. The membership, ministerial force and 
surrounding cireumetancea would seem to call for 
a BBparate organization, Why it was not bo done, 
we did not learn. We hope, however, that the 

(Coocluded on page ;-.j.) 


Jan 17, 189: 




Oh, dream not of visions that soon fade away, 
Of tplendors that vanish in mildew and blight. 

The beauty and grandeur of earth must decay, 
All sink In the gloom of oblivious night. 

Oh, seek not for palaces stately and grand, 
With flower-glrt arches and jasper-lined hall ; 

Whose gilded foundations are built on the sand- 
Doomed shortly to crumble and totter and fall. 

Oh, strive not for riches'. Though diamonds and gold 

May flash for a moment In brilliancy rare, 
From out their dark caverns, corruption and mould, 

Shall grapple and tarnish and bury them there. 
Oh, sigh not for bliss that is earthly I nor waste 

In searching for love's golden nectar, your years. 
Its sweetness may turn Into gall at your taste, 
And doom you to sorrow and heartache and tears. 

All Is delusion i we pass within the vale. 
Joyful we press toward the other side; 
Biding the mornlng,-our hope cannot fail,— 
When In His likeness " we shall be satisfied." 
Joltusltmn, Pa. < _ > _ > 


BY H. 0. EARLY. 


jfthc Holy Ghosl 
Pari One. 

The commission, according to Luke 24: 47 : 
provided "that repentance and remission of sins 
should be preaohed in his (Christ's) name among 
all nations, beginning at Jerusalem." The motto 
at the head of this chapter is the first attempt at 
carrying out this commission. It took place at 
Jerusalem, as indicated, when the nations were 
assembled to hear the saving doctrines of the 
Christian kingdom. Aots 3: 19 gives Peter's sec- 
ond effort to unfold these doctrines, which is 
identical in meaning with his first. Thus it is to 
be seen that repentance is fundamental among 
the doctrines of the New Testament, John the 
Baptist came, saying, "Repent ye: for the king- 
dom of heaven is at hand." Matt. 3: 1, 2. Jesus 
followed, preaching, "The time is fulfilled, and 
the kingdom of God is at hand: repent ye, and 
believe the gospel." Mark 1: 15. 

The twelve, according to the divine command^ 
" went out and preaohed that men should repent." 
Mark 6: 12. Eepentance was a cardinal doctrine 
in the preaching and writings of all the apostles 
both before and after the resurrection of Christ. 
It has also been characteristic of all God's true 
ministers in past generations, and will continue 
so during the generations to come. 

inward; reformation is outward. The outward is 
the fruit of the inward. Repentance belongs to 
the sphere of the mind and heart; reformation, to 
the sphere of the life and conduct. Repentance 
is reformation only in the sense of producing it 
This is made clear in the fact that the Bible 
makes a difference between repentance and its 
fruit. Israel was commanded to repent and turn 
from her idols and transgressions. Ezek. 14: 6; 
18: 30. Repent first, then turn. This gives the 
order, and shows that repentance is one thing, 
and turning— reformation— is another. When 
John saw the unrepentant Pharisees and Saddu- 
cees come to his baptism, he said, " Bring forth 
therefore fruits meet for repentance." Matt. 3: 8. 
Paul showed that there are "works meet for re- 
pentance." Aots 26: 20. Repentance is the tree, 
reformation its fruit. If, as these passages show, 
repentance and reformation stand in the relation 
of cause and effect to each other, how can the one 
be the other? Let no one think, therefore, that 
he has repented by reforming his life and con- 
duct; and let no one think his repentance genuine 
unless it leads to reformation of life and conduct. 
The conduct of the Ninevites is a clear case of 
repentance. " The men of Nineveh shall rise in 
judgment with this generation, and shall con- 
demn it: because they repented at the preaching 
of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas is 
here." Matt. 12: 41. Now turn to the Book of 
Jonah, 3: 5-10, and see what the Ninevites did 
under Jonah's preaching. When Jonah cried, 
"Yet forty days and Nineveh shall be destroyed," 
they at once formed the purpose io do right, and 
turned from their sins and cried mightily unto 
God for mercy, and, as a token of their contrition 
and humility before God, they covered them- 
Belves with sackcloth. 

The returning prodigal, ^mentioned in Luke 
15: 11-24, is another clear illustration. Upon himself, and seeing what he had lost on 
the one hand and what he had incurred on the 
other, he said, "I will ari B e and go to my father." 
" And he arose." The act of arising was the be- 
ginning of reformation, which was the fruit of 
the new purpose formed in the poor boy's heart. 
The act of turning away from sin is repentance in 
its consequential sense. Repentance proper lies 
between " Godly sorrow" on the one side and its 
"fruit,"-reformationof life,-on the other, and 
is performed only under certain conditions of 



knowledge of God is universal, so that we are If 
without excuse. "He now therefore comman 
all men everywhere to repent." Acts 17: 30. 
Meyerlweffer's Store, Va. 



The etymology of the word of which " repent " 
is a translation, signifies after-thought, after- 
concern, etc., as its firBt meaning, and a change of 
mind and heart as its second meaning. It is easy 
to see how the first precedes the second and the 
second follows the first. Repentance, therefore, 
is an inward change, the product of ofler-thought. 
Strictly, it is the formation of the purpose to do 
right. Frequently the mistake is made of putting 
"reformation" for repentance. Repentance is 

A sense of personal pollution and guilt before 
God is essential to genuine repentance. This is 
synonymous with "they were pricked m their 
heart, and said unto Peter and to the rest of the 
apostles, Men and brethren, what shall we do? 
"He came trembling, and falling down before 
Paul and Silas, ... and said, Sirs, what 
must I do to be saved?" " Wash me thoroughly 
from mine iniquity, and cleanBe me from my Bin. 

Against thee, thee only, have I sinned and done 
this evil in thy sight." "And when he came to 
himself, he said, How many hired servants of my 
father's have bread enough and to spare, and I 
perish with hunger! " This is " conviction,' as it 
is generally called. Without it, genuine repent- 
imDossible. Speaking of the Spirit, Je- 
... »„,s, "He will reprove (convince) the world 
of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment. 
John 16: 8. In being convinced of these three 
facts, we receive a sense of sin and guilt. We 
stand guilty before God. Rom. 3: 10. The giv- 
ing of this is the God side of repentance. And it 
is God's goodness that leads men to repentance. 
Rom. 2:4. It is so good in God that he gives us 
to know that we are sinners and therefore guilty. 
This iB universal in the proportion that the 

Before entering upon the subject proper, pi 
mit me to say that, sometime ago, I received 
book called; "True Theology," from CharleBtt 
S. 0., with the request that I review the book 
the columns of the Messenser. The book v 
written by a prominent and able Second Adv< 
minister, and contains some strange and startli 
ideas. By permission of the Messenser bre 
ren I will write a few articles on the leading si 
jects treated in "True Theology," with an oc 
sional reference to the book. 

Nature, in a general sense, is used to den 
anything that is made. The word " made " cc 
pels the acknowledgment and consideration o 
maker. This leads at once to the origin of 
thing made. 

Of the things made by God no two kinds h 
the same nature in all respects. There is a i 

pertaining to man; another of the brute, 

other of birds, fishes, trees, etc. 

To study the nature of man we must go to 
only source of knowledge of the creation of mai 
the Book of God. In analyzing this creature, 
find him to be tri-unity. "I pray God y 
whole spirit and soul and body be preser 
blameless." 1 Thess. 5: 23. Gen. 1: 26, 27 s 
"Let us make man in our own image, after 
likeness." "So God created man in his 
image." In what particular or to what ex 
this image and likeness was the exact cour 
part of the Maker, this quotation does not si 
but that some one part was to be the image, 
some portion should be the fulfillment of all 
the word "likeness "contains, must be acee. 
because this is the language of God, but it is 
for us to discover, by the sure means that he 
provided. Permit me to state that right hei 
found the point where "true theology" stari 
go astray. 

The whole history of the creation of me 
epitomized in Gen. 2: 7, thus: "And the : 
God formed man of the dust of the ground, 
breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; 
man became a living soul." Now notice, in 
1:26 we have first the image, then, "aftei 
likeness." In Gen. 2: 7 first the dust is moi 
into form; then, after that, breath from the 
ator changes the formulated dust into an a 
breathing, living soul. Paul, in the above q 
tion, from 1 Thess. 5: 23, describes this comi 
creature as being composed of body, sou 
spirit. ' 

As in harmony with all other of God s v 
each of these component parts mnst, and, 
matter of fact, does have a nature peculiar 
own. (I want to emphasize, at this time 
fact, that, while man is surely responsible f 
his acts, God is surely responsible for all th 
in man's nature. ) 

We want to examine these several nature! 
and carefully, and perhaps we may disct 
solution of what has been considered enigm 
and, at the same time, remove some errc 
once dangerous and reprehensible. The foi 
body, is of the same nature as the remain 
the earth, it is of the earth earthy; it is perif 
like all bodies formed of earth. 

God so formed that portion of earth 
could receive, and, for a time, retain that 
God communicated to it. This caused a 
I abled it to be what a lump of day, formed 

Jan. 1?, 18V3 


other power, never could be, but, after all, the 
body was only dnBt, and could only endure a cer- 
tain, amount of hardship, unless further provision 
was made for it. 

The body being of earth, could only be sus- 
tained by the productions of earth, so God 
"planted a garden," and told man to eat, in order 
that life might be sustained. Among other fruit 
growing there, was that of life. That this was 
different from all others, is proved by its especial 
mention, and the circurnsfauces connected with 
man's after-experiences. This fruit would have 
given immortality to this, otherwise, mortal body, 
as is evident from Gen. 3: 22, " LeBt he put forth 
his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, 
and live forever." 

Then we have the nature of the spirit, different 
in all essential features, operated upon by differ- 
ent influences, affected in a different manner, op- 
erating upon the body alone, or, in connection 
with other spirits, according to the circumstances 

The term spirit, except when applied to God, 
the third person in the Godhead, angels, and oth- 
er inhabitants of the spirit world, is used to de- 
scribe the rnling iniluence effecting man. Spirits 
may be good or bad, and may be known by the 
feeling they engender and the results which fol- 

If the spirit be child-like, devotional, 
tial and true, it all denotes a nature divine in its 
origin, and aids in producing a character which 
we call Christian. If the life of the man is " low, 
sensual, devilish," it betrays the presence and op- 
eration of a spirit of an evil nature. 

The spirit enlivens or depresses, according to 
the extraneous influences to which it yields, or 
according to its peculiar nature; but that the 
spirit gives life in the sense of communicatiog 
life, where none existed before, I fail to find the 

Then we have that part of the man called soul. 
It has a nature peculiar to itself. Much specula- 
tion has been engaged in by many great minds, to 
determine what the soul is, — its character, its 
qnality, its durability, its operations, its capacity 
of being operated upon, even its appearance and 
shape, One strange peculiarity seems to perme- 
ate nearly all psychological teaching, — the theol- 
ogy is formedfirst, and then the soul must be so 
constituted as to suit it. 

I want it to be understood emphatically, that I 
do not base my theology on the different mean- 
iugs of the words in the classic tongues from 
which our word soul is translated, nor the differ- 
ent ways the words are applied. It is that part 
of man that is called soul that I am discussing. 
What its nature is, must be determined by some- 
thing else than its name. 

In studying the history of creation, we can find 
only two sources from which the human family 
sprung, — one was from the ground, the ether was 
from God. One, we have found, is mortal be- 
cause of its nature. If we allow the same rule of 
reasoning, the part that came from God would be 
immortal. Before God breathed into the earthy 
form, it was called man. After the breath of 
God entered, a name was applied that was never 
heard of before,— soul. The condition was de- 
scribed as "living." In all psychological exege- 
sis the world has ever known, either human or di- 
vine, the phrase "dead soul" is unknown. The 
condition described in Gen. 2: 7, remains, and 
ever will remain, — past, present and prospective, — 
for the simple reason that, in its nature, it is im- 
perishable, being from above. 

Unless, as is ststed in " True Theology," page 
23, Deity can die and go into the grave, that part 
called soul is, in its nature, immortal, because its 
parent is God, the Creator. 

None dare deny the divine origin of the life 
that was communicated to man in the act of God, 
ia breathing into man. That this act, or the ef- 
fect of this act was to raise man above all other 
creatures, is proved indubitably by his finer 
tastes, his higher aspirations, the greater things 
he accomplishes, the ever- recurring inclination 
and desire to approach nearer to God, and last, 
but not least, that blessed fact that, notwithstand- 
ing however much man may yield to the influ- 
ence of his earthly (or carnal) nature, and the 
spirit which so often dominates it, God has al- 
ways followed man with loving-kindness and per- 
suasive influences, to induce him to reprehend 
the evil and cling to the good nature. 

Cerro Gordo, III. 



" And Samuel said, Hath the Lord as great delight hi burnt 
offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying (lie voice of the Lord? 
Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, and to hearken than 
the fat of rams."— i Sam. 15: 22. 

Hebe it is apparent that the Lord was not 
pleased with the offering which Saul was propos 
ing to make. 

1. Because Saul must disobey the Lord in order 
to make the offering in the way that he meant to 

2. Because, in making the offering under the 
pretense of sacrifice it was false, for he w&b mak- 
ing no sacrifice at all. He was simply offering to 
the Lord that which he had taken from somebody 
else. He was seeking self-glory all the while, in- 
stead of the glory of God. We further learn from 
this case that, if we wish to please God, we must 
do what he says instead of following our own ideas 
of things. Hence " to obey is better than sacri- 
fice." Sacrifice for Christ's sake is well pleasing 
unto God, but if we make sacrifice we must see 
that it is to God and not for self-glory. We may 
all learn a grand and important lesson from Solo- 
mon. Let us all consider the spirit of his peti- 
tion, as found in the following words: "Give, 
therefore, thy servant an understanding heart to 
judge thy people, that I may discern between 
good and bad: for who is able to judge this thy 
so great a people? And the speech pleased the 
Lord that Solomon had asked this thing.' 
Kings 3: 9,10. 

Solomon seemed to feel his nothingness before 
the Lord and, because he humbled himself before 
the Lord, he received from him much more than 
he had asked for. We see that it is true that 
that humbleth himself shall be exalted." It is 
clearly set forth here that if we wish to please the 
Lord we must not exalt ourselves. Leave that for 
the Lord to do, 

David Bays, "I will praise the name of God 
with a song, and will magnify him with thanks- 
giving. This also shall please the Lord better 
than an ox or bullock that hath horns and hoofs." 
Psalms 69: 30, 31. The time was when offerings 
of beasts, etc., were well pleasing unto the Lord, 
but now he wishes us to "offer our bodies a living 
sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is our 
reasonable service." Bom. 12: 1. A song is also 
acceptable to God when it is offered with the 
proper spirit. Hence, the apostle says: "Speak- 
ing to yourselves in psalms and hymns and spirit- 
ual songs, singing and making melody in your 
heart to the Lord." Eph. 5: 19. We surely 
ought to be very grateful to the Lord that he has 
given us such a medium, as a voice with which to 
praise hie name. In the use of this great medium 
let us see to it that we please the Lord in using 
our voices to his glory, — especially so when we 
consider what the Lord hath done for us through 

Jesus, our glorious Redeemer. Read carefully the 
folbwing words: "Yet it pleased the Lord to 
braise him; he hath put him to grief. Surely he 
hath borne our griefs and carried our sorrows. 
But he was wounded for our transgressions, he 
was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement 
of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes 
we are healed." Isa. 63. 

When we realize what the Lord hath done for 
us, we ought to try to please him in everything. 
Jesus has given us plainly to understand how this 
may be done. He did what the Father had given 
him to do and therefore could well say, " The Fa- 
ther hath not left me alone, for I do always those 
things that please him." John 8: 29. He fur- 
ther says, " Ye are my friends if ye "do whatsoever 
I command you." John 15: 14. 

This, it would seem, ought to be a sufficient in- 
centive to prompt every one to try to find out 
what JesuB said unto the disciples then, for we 
want the same blessings now that he promised to 
his followers then. If we wish to Becure the 
same blessings, it would be reasonable to suppose 
that we inuBt do the same things. We must not 
expect that it is only the promises that are to 
come to ub through the apostlee. If the promises 
come down from Christ through the apostles to 
us, Burely the commands come through the same 
medium. Then, if they pleased the Lord, and be- 
came his friends by doing what he commanded 
them, we are certainly on the safe side when we, 
too, do the same things. They were to be his wit- 
nesses of what he had done for loBt humanity, and 
if we wish to please the Lord, and Becure to our- 
selves the promises, we must fall in line and keep 
the "all things," as taught by Christ and the apos- 

One of the things which the Master gave to his 
followers was to go and preach his words to all 
nations. Hence the apostle says, "It pleased God 
by the foolishness of preaching to save them that 
believe." 1 Cor. 1: 21. Those who preached at 
that time had to preaoh God's Word in order to 
please God. Paul says: "For do I now persuade 
men or God? or do I seek to please men? for if I 
yet pleased men I should not be the servant of 
Christ." Gal. 1: 10. From this we may readily 
draw the conclusion that, if we wiah to please God 
in our preaching, we must not seek to please men. 
I fear there is too much sitting in judgment upon 
God's Word, and if we sit in judgment upon his 
Word, James will tell us that we are judges, and 
not doers. James 4: 11. If we undertake to 
serve as judges, it means that we wish to deter- 
mine what part of the Saored Book we will accept 
and what we will reject. This cannot please God. 
Jcbus will not say, " Ye are my friends if ye con- 
demn my words." In the great work, which is 
committed to the church, every individual mem- 
ber has a work to do, and a work, too, which no 
one else can do. Hence the necessity for each of 
us to find our place and then suit ourselves to it. 
It is especially important to notice that Jesus, in 
order to please the Father, did not please himself. 
Paul says of him, " For even Christ pleased not 
himself." Rom. 15: 3. Then we may make grave 
mistakes by trying to please ourselves. We read, 
" If any man have not the spirit of Christ, he is 
none of his." Rom. 8: 9. We sometimes wish to 
have our own way, and if we cannot get it we are 
not well pleased, but the great question is, Will 
we surrender like our Great Leader, and say to 
the Father, "Not my will but thine be done?" 
Self must be subdued before we can please God. 
The carnal mind is always on the war-path against 
the teaching of the Holy Spirit. Though Jesus 
was rf quired to be subject to the will of the Fa- 
ther, while working out the redemptive plan, yet 
it hath pleased the Father to give him a name 
which ia above every other name; and as it pleased 


Jan. 17, 188: 

the Father to cause his Son to bow the kneo for 
every one, so it hath pleased him also to require 
every knee to bow to his Sod. In the hei,t we 
wish to notice some of the things that displease 



As our ministers took their seats behind the 
table on New Tear's evening, each one found an 
envelope with his name inscribed in beautiful 
letters, lying before him. On opening it, each 
one found enclosed a check on the Bank of Pros- 
perity, colling for three hundred and sixty-five 
happy days, to be bestowed upon the several 
servants (ministers) therein named. They were 
signed by an aged veteran who has "used well 
the deacon's office." Though past his days of 
active duty, he is still watohing opportunities to 
do good and spread sunshine and happiness. 
Though these checks have no financial value, 
they cause a chord to vibrate that could never be 
moved by filthy lucre 

Panora, Iowa. 



put into practice what we preaob, it will be of no 
avail whatever. 

How very precise and particular we are in com- 
pany, that we do nothing amiss, but how little do 
we think that a jast God is taking cognizance of 
every word wo say, and of all our thoughts! We 
can see the faults of others better than our own, 
and are always ready to censure others, while, at 
the same time, we are guilty of something per- 
haps far greater. 

If we are as careful abont our spiritual house, 
as about our temporal affair?, what a heaven on 
earth there would be! What a glorious crop 
would we reap! Let us sweep well around our 
own doorB and exercise ourselves well, and we 
will have no time to see much of the faults of 

Carler&ville, \'a. 


It is as important to keep our house in order 
as our garden. We can apply this to the church, 
or to ourselves individually. We, who have had 
experience in keeping house, know the cares and 
responsibilities that rest upon ns. The most of us 
like to keep everything in order,— to have every- 
thing jUBt right. To do so keeps one quite busy, 
bo that we have no time to idle away. If we are 
diligent, we will always find employment. We 
may set everything in order, as we think, but if 
we retrace our steps, we will yet find something 
that we have missed. Wo may have the exterior 
glittering, but let us examine well the interior, 
look into the most obscure corner, and see if we 
have left any rubbish. See if the interior corre- 
sponds with the exterior. 

Whenever we hear of any one proposing to 
call ou us, how particular we are to set every- 
thing in order, so as to make ail appear well! 
We think it beat to keep everything in order, 
and to do it juBt right; and it is better for us to 
push our work a Utile, than to let it get ahead. 
We find it much easier to manage in that WBy. 
So it is in onr spiritual work. 

We know that in our temporal affairs we must 
be in a good state of feeling, or onr work is a 
drag to us. Now, before we are fit subjects for 
the Master's use, it is necessary for ub to become 
truly and thoroughly regenerated. We must be 
just right, before we can enter into hie service. 
We must keep our hearts clean, bo as to have com- 
munion with the Divine Spirit. We should 
have a good understanding of our duties before 
we enter upon the work of the Lord. We mnat 
also taste of the Good Spirit before we are capa- 
ble of performing our duty in this spiritual 

The Christian is always kept busy. Indeed, a 
lazy person cannot be a Christian. Satan always 
gives us trouble, putting obataoles in our path- 
way, so that we are kept busy all the time to 
keep ahead of him. It requires all the energy we 
can pnt forth to overcome his devices, and keep 
ourselves from the BnareB of the evil one. 

If we are not right ourselves, how can we ad- 
monish others? How can we, with a beam in our 
own eye, Bee clearly to pull the mote out of our 
brother's eyel We are not capable of giving ad- 
vice under Bnch circumstances. We may preaoh 
with much energy and power, but if we do not 

Weights are good for some things, bnt not for 
every purpose. When we make wine, the heavier 
weights we use the more wine we get, but when 
we run a race, the less weights we use the more 
speed we make. Historians-- inform us that race- 
running with the ancient Grecians was a very 
popular game. The apostle says, " Know ye not 
that they who rnn in a race run all, but one re- 
ceived the prize? So run all, that ye may ob- 
tain." 1 Cor. 9: 24. 

No doubt the apostle had reference to those 
ancient games. The most popular was the Olym- 
pic. ThoBe who proved victorious in any cne of 
those games, were universally honored,— yea al- 
most adored. In the Christian race all may ob- 
tain the prize if they will strivo lawfully. In or- 
der to do this, wa must lay aside every weight. 
Heb. 12: 1. In those Grecian races, in order to 
win the prize, it was necessary to lay aside every 
thing that might prove a hinderance. Even i 
very small weight would decrease the spead and 
cause the loss of the prize. For this reason Paul 
tells ub to lay aside every weight. EufHts and 
rings and unnecessary finery seem to be but 
email things, but the apostle tells us to lay aside 
all superfluities. Therefore the command reach- 
es the small weightB as well as the large ones. 
Even a pipe may prove a great hinderance. 

Christ says we should let our light shine. In 
the days of the prophets the little foxes Bpoiled 
the vines. It was not so hard to shut out the 
big' ones, bnt the little ones were continually 
creeping in. So it is in God's vineyard to-day. 
A little patch of hair on the upper lip, with all 
the rest of the beard shaved off, may seem to 
some but a little thing, but then it is fully in 
line with the fashions of the world, and intended 
to gratify the lust of the .eye; consequently it is 
s weight. Let us all take the advice of the apos- 
tle and lay aside every weight. Then God will 
tell us, in the final day of accounts, to come up 
higher. But if we neglect this important duty, 
we may be compelled to go down. Weights, at- 
tached to temporal things, bring about a down- 
ward tendency. The same ie true of weights at 
tached to spiritual things. 
•Friedem ' 

and there never would have been a Christ in t 
world. Gen. 17:5, 15. The " h " in the name 
Jehovah mnBt be incorporated in the name of t! 
great Faith-father, as the pledge for the perforr 
ance of the divine premise ajid of the loyalty 
all believers. That " h " stands for the grace 
God and the faith of man; and these two dov 
tail into our salvation. "For by grace are 
srirocl through /aii/i; and that not of yourselvi 

IT 18 THE GIFT OF GOD " Eph. 2: 8. 

And so it is always. Grace embodies the all 
God, and faith the all of man. To count 
works os a plea of acceptance with God, is 
"fall from graci." Gal. 5: 4. And "ahaUoei 
is not of faith is sin." Rom. 14: 23. Faith is 
full of works as grace iB fnll of law. What 
grace to us was law to Christ. The faith tl 
secures grace expresses the law which grace cc 
tains. The obedience of Christ and the obedier 
of the believer have not the same object. 1 
one satisfies divine justice and atones for hum 
Bin. The other externalizes the reality of i 
faith which appropriates the atonement. 1 
one meets the utmost claims of the eternal h 
The other embodies our appreciation of the 
vine favor. To offer ne grace that does not ati 
the perfect fulfillment of the Law is impossi 
even to God. This would not be grace, but i 
archy. Christ must live the Law before he < 
die for sin. Faith cannot avail itself of the p 
visions of grace without an absolute concession 
exemplify all its requirements. The faith t 
accepts Christ lives Christ. 

Faith equals grace plus obedience, is the ari 
metie formula of salvation. Without graoe sal 
tion cannot be offered: without faith it oannot 
appropriated; and without obedience faith i 

In No. 60, 1892, there is a type-error of a sin 
letter, which turns the whole Gospel eeono 
into a contradiction. On page 787, first colu: 
seventh line from the top, for opposite read 
posite, Exchange the " o " for the "a," and 
have the omnipotence of Christ and the eqi 
ment and obligation of the chureh in solemn 
imperative correspondence. How slow we ar< 
heed the "go" and believe the "to" of Chr 
valedictory mandate and promise. 
Union Deposit, Pa. 


Life Bud death may hang on a Bingle letter 
It did so in the case of the Ephraimites in Judges 
12: 6. The absence of the letter "h" in the 
names of Abraham and Sarah would have con- 
fused and defeated the eternal purpose of God, 



True religion seems to be narrowing dowr 
a comparatively small number. As the y 
roll around, it seems the Brethren church h 
correspondingly harder task to keep its mem 
on the "narrow path," and to convince the w 
of true religion. Yet, if we would all tr; 
speak the same thing and work together 
unit, a much greater work could be accomplie 
It has been said to me, "Ton people migl 
well give up the dress question, because you 
never accomplish what yon want." Even i 
of the brethren seem to think the same. Bu< 
aim should be to do what is right, and wb 
for the promotion of trne Christianity, whf 
we can accomplish all we would like to or noi 
We have strong opposition on the dress q 
tion, but we also have a great deal of oppos 
on other questions. Look at the oppositioi 
have on trine immersion and feet-waBhing. 
few there are who believe in the anointingl 
aider those who don't believe in our non-si 
ing and non-combatant principles. Think 
of the large number who use tobacoo, and 
comsider what a power we have to battle agaii 
the temperance question! 

Jan. 17,1893. 


When we consider all these things with which 
we have to deal, we might think it is too much, 
and say, " How can an army of ten thousand men 
meet him that cometh with twenty thousand?" 
Yet Gideon routed the hosts of the Midianites 
with 300 men. A few men with horns caused the 
walls of Jericho to fall down. David, when a 
mere lad went out against the Giant Goliath, and 
the Philistines fled. So we see that some great 
things have been done by those who were on 
God's Bide, — the Bide of right. This certainly af- 
fords encouragement for God's people. TheD, 
on the other hand, if we cannot get all accom- 
plished we would like to see, we know it is a 
great thing to be right. Let us think of Noah; 
he preached and talked a great deal to the people 
during the time he was building the ark. Pe: 
haps no one would help him, and none believed 
him outside of his own family. So, if we cannot 
accomplish much, we can accomplish something. 

While some of the brethren and sisters are in- 
clined to depart from the order of the church, yet 
a great many are turning from fashion to plain- 
ness. The move we have made against tobacco 
has no doubt impressed some of its advocates un- 
favorably, y«t I know Bo-.eral who have quit its 
use. So with intemperance. Keep on working 
away at it, and we may be paid for our trouble. 
If one would preach all his life and be the means 
of only one soul being saved, it would be a great 
work. In heaven there is "more joy over one 
sinner that repenteth than ninety and nine that 
need no repentance." So it is with whiskey, to- 
bacco, etc. No, we cannot get them to all come 
to the " order," — cannot get them to all quit to- 
bacco and intoxicants, etc. Even the greatest 
temperance enthusiasts hardly expect to entirely 
root out intemperance. But what is right ought 
to be advooated if we accomplish but little. 
Some get discouraged because they cannot make 
money faBt enough, — some, ceeauee they cannot 
become good Christians in a short time, Some 
give up because of too much opposition. "Be 
not weary in well doing, for he that overcometh 
shall inherit all things." 
Somerset, Pa. 

We have no winter here,— some are plowing, 
some are planting, some are hoeing their potatoes 
and peas, some are gathering their ripe tomatoes 
and shipping them to Chicago. Pasture is im- 
proving every day. Cattle are out on t 
grazing. Wheat and barley are up, and growing 
nicely. Mercury inns from 70 to SO during the 
the day. There is snow on gome of the mount- 
ains, and summer in the valleys. Most of the 
trees are green as iu midsummer. 

S. C. Lehman. 

Los Angeles, Cal, Dec. 30. 


" Write what f 

, .-'.ml ■;:■[■> J ','■ 

^""Church News solicited lor this Department. It you have had; 
good meeting, send a report of it, so that others may-rejoice with you 
In writing give name of church, County and State. Be brief. Notes o 
Travel should be as short as possible. Land Advertisements are not so 
licitcd for this Department. We have an advertising page, and, if neces 

From California, 

On the evening of Dec. 5 we boarded the trail 
at Franklin Grove, 111., and arrived at Los An. 
geles, Dec. 10. I took the La Grippe with me 
from Illinois, and have a little in my possession 
yet. We made a stay of ten days in the city be- 
fore I was able to travel. We made a short visit 
to Glendora, to Bro. Netzley's, formerly of Na; 
perville. We also visited many other Brethren 
around Glendora, and also attended public servi- 
ces, where we had the pleasure of listening to 
Bro Norcross. 

We also visited Lordsburg, but, on account of 
the heavy rain, we could not enjoy the feast with 
the Brethren. Among our visits at that place, 
we had the pleasure of visiting Bro, John Metz 
ger, J. W. Metzger, and Bro. Kuns and families, 
We visited many beautiful orange orchards, 
heavy laden with the golden fruit. We called 
on brethren Peter and Samuel Overholtzer's at 
Covina. We took a view of Bro. Samuel's orange 
orchard, laden with two thousand bushels of fine 
fruit. We also took a view of the Mission Far 
We aaw a fine strawberry patch, with eome ripe 

From the English River Congregatit 

, Keckuk Co., 

Bro. Michael Flory closed the meetings here 
Dec. 27, with twenty-four souls baptized, and one 
applicant yet to bg baptized in the near future. 
Others are very near the kingdom, but an 
ing for a more convenient Beneon. Those who 
ted with us were all young, but one, and ncer- 
ly all are under twenty years of sge. Bro. Flory 
is a zealous worker, and preaches the Gospel with 
power and simplicity. Dec. 21 the church met 
in special council. Brethren H. C. Ccfftnau and 
iuel Niswander were chosen to th'e deacon's 
oflice, and Bro. S. F. Brower was advanced to the 
eecond degree of the ministry. They were all 
duly installed with much solemnity. Two were 
also added by letter at this council. The good 
Lord has wonderfully blessed us in gathering in 
the lambs into the fold. Several of our brethren 
are expecting to attend the Bible Teim at Mt. 
Morris, this winter. Petee Brower. 

From the Pleasant Hill Church, Macoupin Co., III. 

The Brethren of tho Pleasant Hill congrega- 
tion, feeling the need of a more thorough ' 
edge of the Scriptures, requested tho District 
Meeting to grant the ministers of the District the 
privilege of holding a "Bible Teim" in connec- 
tion with the Ministerial Meeting of Raid District. 
Thn request was granted, and arrangements i 
mede for Bro. E. S. Young, of Mount Morris, to 
conduct a ten days' term in Bible study. There 
wtra about fifty in attendance, and wo were 
well paid for attending tho Teim. 

It was the first Bible held in the 

District; and, althon sas a short one, 

I feel that Bro. Young (assisted by Bro. L. 
Eby .) did a noble work, the influence of which 
will be felt far and wide, 

I would recommend that Bnch terms he held 
in all parts of the Brotherhood, and- that thoy bo 
not confined to one term sacb year, but that sev- 
eral terms be held iu different localities in the 
District, so as to give all tho members the privi 
lege of attending them. Ohas. Gibson. 

Girard, 111 

so those desiring them can be thus accommo- 

Any further information in regard to stalls, 
tents, or lodging in any way, will be given by ad- 
dieeoiug the Secretary as follows: Until Jan. 16, 
Somerset, Ind.; until Feb. 5, Bowers, Ind.; until 
Feb. 25, Beamsville, Ohio. 

Geo. L. Studebaker, Sec. 

Shidefor, Ind. 

From Manvel, Texas. 

The Brethren here held their council-meeting 
iu the now church Inst Thursday, Dec. 20. The 
meeting ^as presided ovor by Kid. Lemuel Hill- 
ery. Considerable business came before the 
meeting, but all was dispoeed of in a p'eaeaut 
and Christian-like maimer. Bro. Hillery gave 
some very good admonitions, relating to properly 
starting out in a newly- organized congregation. 
Among somo of the business was the organizing 
of a Sunday-school and social meeting. It was 
Ided to have singing taught in connection 
with tho Sauday- school. The members here 
seem to be alive in the good work. Brother 
Hillery's health has greatly improved since he 
came here. He feels bettor than he has for two 
or three yoarn. Bro. Elihu Moon 1 , who came 
here &ick, is slowly improving. He has been 
very low, but tho present indications are very 
>.■■■ 31. 


Annual Meeting of 1893 

The committee of arrangements of our next 
Annual Meeting has appointed brethren Isaac 
Branson, Jacob W. Earick and the writer bs a 
committee on lodging. The committee met and 
effected tho following organization: Isaac Bran- 
son, Foreman; Jacob W. Rarick, Treasurer; Geo. 
L. Studebaker, Secretary. We desire to make 
the lodging for our people, at our next meeting, 
as comfortable ss we can. On tho meetirg 
grounds thero are three barns, and these contain 
over one hundred box Btalls.' These barns are 
well roofed, Bitnated on high, rolling ground. 
Straw sill be put in the stalls, and they will be 
let out at reasonable prices. They are large 
enough, to accommodate from six to eight per 
BonB. They will be cleaned out and put in good 
shape, There will be some tents secured also, 

work in tin's growing city, surrounded, as it is, by 
a large membership, may receive substantial en- 
.:,... ;i o larg and health; growth 
m.iy follow. Wo met with tho members in wor- 
i i times, and made mauy pleasant acquaint- 


On Friday morning wo were taken out to the 
Broudfording church, to attend the Ministerial 
Meeting. It was well attended and the discus- 
sions were spirited and interesting. 

question; "How Shall our Ministry and 
more fully Consecrated? " was op- 
Eld. D. Long, and come very pertinent 
A He spoke as one having autkor- 
gave no uncertain sound. The discussion 
\ (ho subjoct was ably handled. 
The Sunday-school and missionary work was also 
given considerable attention, and, on the whole, 
tho meeting was very interesting and edifying. 
The ministers present manifested a commendable 
. become more efficient in their work, and 
the work of the meeting could n< -t help but give 
f inspiration to those who have been 
called to this,— the highest of all callings. The 
membership of the churches also showed an in- 
creased interest in tho work of the church by of- 
fering to bear the expenses of their ministers to 
the Bible Term, to be held at Huntingdon, open- 
ing Jan. 31. Tho plan of some of the churches is 
to help one in this way each year. This is cer- 
tainly very commendable on the part of the mem- 
bership and encouraging to the ministry. About 
six of the ministers from this locality have made 
up their minds to attend tho coming Term. The 
prospect for a largo atttndance of ministers, Sun- 
day-school workers, and Bible students is very en- 

Our associations with the Maryland brethren 
was very pleasant, and we were pleased in making 
so many valuable acquaintances, and our visit 
among them will be kindly remembered. 


Jan. 17, 1 

Missionary and Tract Work Department 

c first d*y oi tb 
iy uu e ol you lay by 
a God bath prospered him, 

as he purposeth In 

let Wm give. Not 

grudgingly or ol necessity, (or the 

Lord loveth a theeilul giver, -i 

j' i. h>. nhiliiv" " Every one as God hath froS' 
" Every »» auordwi: to h,s aMity. f"? h In "■' 
t md him." " Every man. aordmza, he 

e be Bui a willlnic n.lnd. it Is aeeepted ac, 

Orgaqfzatlort of Hisslonaiy Soromitte*, 

By J. L, BW1TZER. 

Dakiii. Vaniman, Foreman, 
D. L MH.LRR, Treasurer, 
Gai.en B. Roykr, Secretary, 

McPherson, Kane. 
Mt. Morris, III. 
Mt. Morris, 111. 

Orgartization of Book and Tract Work, 

S. W. Hoovfr, Foreman, 

S. Bock, Secretary and Treasure 


ay-All donations intended lor Missionary Work should b 
Galbn B. Roves, Ml. Morris, III. 
ay-All money lor Tract Wort should be sent to S. Boca 

° er-Moncy may be sent by Money Order, Registered Lett, 

; :>/!.-> 

alls ( 

.n'tiewVork or Chlcaso. Do not send personal 
towns aa it costs a 1 , cents to collect them, 
C t*-Solkl'to.s are requested to lalthlully carry out the plan ol Annual 
M ST„V t al ou, "ember, be solicited to contribute at least twice a 
"arlofthcMlsal.n and Tract Work o, the Church 

ay-Notes lo, the Endowment Fund can be had b, writing, to .he Sec 
retary ol cither Work. 

Sir John Hebsobel was led, in the rapture of 
his admiration for the Bible, to exclaim: All hu- 
man discoveries seem to bo made only for the pur- 
pose of confirming mere and more strongly the 
truths contained in the Holy Scriptures. 

Listen to our own Daniel Webster: 'If we 
abide by the principles, taught in the Bible, our 
country will go on prospering and to P«»P«>* 
if we and our posterity neglect it. instructions 
and authority, no man can tell how sudden a ca- 
tastrophe may overwhelm us, and bury all our 
elorv in profound obscurity." 
g We call next upon Prof. Francs Bowen, of 
Harvard College: "Let me be permitted also to 
repeat the opinion, which I ventured to express as 
far back as 1849, that the time seems to have ar* 
rived for a more practical and immediate verifi- 
cation, than the world has ever yet witnessed, of 
the great truth that the civilization which is no, 
based upon Christianity is big with the elements 
of its' own destruction." 

Wm H. Seward says: " The whole hope of hu 
man progress is suspended upon the ever-growing 

influence of the Bible" 



'Tis a bitter night in autumn, 

And the chilly blasts sweep by, 
While not a star Is gleaming 

In the dark and murky sky. 
A lady sits by her fireside, 

A fireside cozy and bright, 
Where her loved ones arc all sheltered 
From the touch oi that fearlul night. 
Her home Is a scene of beauty ; 

There are gems In prolusion there, 
While the breath of odorous flowers 

Exhale on the balmy air. 
Her children are sporting around her, 

Their bright eyes full of glee, 
As they're flitting hither and thither, 

With footsteps light and free. 
'TIs a scene where we love to linger- 
No pain or anxious care, 
But earth's most precious treasures 
Seem richly scattered there. 

But a step from that lordly 
Is another earthly home, 
Where parents live and labor, 

And little children roam. 
The piercing blast sweeps through It 

With a walling, hideous roar; 
It rattles the broken windows, 

It shakes the crazy door. 
A mother sits by her hearthstone, 

And watches the dying fire; 
While she presses her babes to her boson 

As its last faint beams expire. 
•TIs a home! but no gems of beauty 

Adorn its gloomy walls; 
No shout of childish laughter 

Upon her sad ear falls. 
There Is want, and pain, and sorrow, 

There Is love, but an aching breast; 
For she cannot shield her treasures, 

She cannot give them rest. 
The world seems very dreary. 

She shudders, as the blast 
That chills her very llfeblood 
Goes wildly sweeping past. 
Alas! 'tis no fancy picture 

I have thus so faintly traced; 
There are haunts of want and sorrow 

All o'er earth's dreary waste. 
The poor we have always -with us, 
Let us help them while we mav, 
And shed some ray of gladness 
Upon their gloomy way. 

Ab, thou old demon, Avarice! "All tl 
things will I give thee if thou wilt fall down 
worshiome." Hear! Hear! Back to youy 
edden! Thou demon 1 Listenl "ltiawtith 
" It is written! " " It is written!" " Thou* 
worship the Lord thy God ar.d him only shalt 

Sem '■" ..Blessed Bible how I love it, 

How it doth my bosom cheer. 
What hath earth like this to covet; 
O, what stores o! wealth are here." 

" Therefore, all things whatsoever ye would 
men should do to you, do ye even so to them 
this is the law and the prophets;'— not profit 

Dear brethren, did you ever know, in t 
past, this plank to be put into any political 
form? Do yon not feel to thank God the 
have it now? . .. 

Equal rights to all and special privileg 
none." I see something very hopeful here i 
praise God for it. 
Oirard, Kans. 



I wish to present to the readers of the Ml 
beb a few thoughts on the subject of worki 

100 KB jUUjJOLUi, iiu i-" ~-o - 

priety or necessity of building a meetmg- 
but if we cannot succeed in having lar, 
diences, we are ready to pronounce the e 
failure, and also to abandon the whole 

Sometimes we hear brethren are surprise 
other denominations can have large congre, 
in towns and cities, while we oannot. One 
principal reasons is, because other ohurche 
themselves a house, the first thing. W 
adopt this system of work, then we, too, 
pect success to attend our efforts. We rr 
expect to succeed in getting those who are 
chief rulers (when Christ was here) n 
church. But while that is equally true nc 
was then —that some love the praise of me 
than the praise of God, yet there are man; 

of Prussia, ruling 70 millions of people, signed 

and published in Paris, amid the clashing and dm 

of war, ' The Holy Alliance,' one of the most im- 
portant state papers of modern times^ In it these 

rulers solemnly recognized before the world the 

religion of the Sacred Scriptures as the only true 

basis of political relations and the only aa,e legal 

directory for the nations of the earth. They 
pledged themselves 'to act on the principles of 
the Gosoel, and to follow the rules of justice, 
charity, and peace.' " What a holy Alliance al- 
most equal to the more recent Alliance which 
guarantees " equal justice to all and spscial priv- 
ileges to none." 

An African prince sent an ambassador to Queen 
Victoria to ask: " What is the secret of England a 

power and superiority ^among .he ^^™^^^^^o^ 
Queen gave him a copy of h . B ble U , . f ft ^ ^^^ n , 

your prince," she sard, that this tne v ^ ^ ^ faa6 ohaIaoter . We , 

England's political greatness. \ „ „;i«W n house in which to hold ot 

mest very grand to possess, are ^ro- and ^^^^ ^ regular 1 
T ery difficuit to manage when we want ^ r »n £ « ^ ^ & we hm( 

big monopoly around them. ine (oav u j obscure pa 

■■ Go into the world and freely give." He did not ^^"^^ not frequent, or 
6 ay: "Go into all the world and gather up '^ K^^^ that has been v 
"TSZL by giving. ."The liberal soul .hall abandoned, and again we fail to get the . 
be made fat," not the avaricious ™ l JM™* ™™°\ b J£ with . There is plenty 
lock up the Kingdom against others, and hide the houses ,c 09 ^^ 
key. A liberated Bible, in the ^ hands ,d Lutti , - ^fj^ty f noble hearts are rea 
atarted the world to moving on the road of civili- Lord and p. y ^ 

sation and advancement. What a might of moral ^^^^^Uty of such 
power it took to unchain that Blessed Book! The the necess ty and ! , ^ ^ ^ 

1 Romish church will never chain it i _ 

One smiting the Eock is enough ; one crucifying 
I is enough; one blackness of darkness in the ages 

s enough. 

I To be sure Avarice is busy at its work as of old: 
First the money wealth; then the political power; 
then the military power; then the avenues of in- 
telligence ; then despotism-serfdom; then a mo- .»». ,, „_, --—- t ; 

Lopoly of God's Word and then darkness, ^ ^j^ ^eVuses in which t 

I darkness for the people. I v 1 ** 

prise. All this surplus money is to be 
for some way, and if it goes into the Lo 
the donors will surely get good interest 
Brethren and sisters, we must watch 
tnnities to do something for the Lord, : 
done bo much for us, and our time f< 
drawing near a close. I know that n 
short here, and I want to call the espe 

Jan. ±{, xoao. 

lfl£/ ^r^J»Jr"l^J^ lVl±i,»^> t^rM^rJ^XX. 

the Lord's wort in cities. When we build church 
houses, we should build them in the towns, and 
not near by, or outside of the corporation. If 
you wish to have good congregations, and good 
order, build in the towns, where yon are under the 
protection of the city or town regulations and 
laws. Those who would disturb ns in our wor- 
ship, will not dare to do so while they are inside 
of the town limits, but as soon 8B they are outside, 
they then seem to think they are about at liberty 
to do as they please, Of theBe facts, many of you 
are aware. 

There are many anxious hearts among our 
members, who are ready, when an opportunity is 
offered^. They want to do something by which 
they can advance the interest of the Lord's cause, 
and in building houses of worship in cities, we 
need to keep before our minds two things es- 
pecially, one is proper locations, and the other is 
good, substantial, plain bnildiDgs, in keeping with 
the general principles of non- conformity to this 
world. Thereby we may show that we mean 
what we preach. These thoughts are the result 
of long observation, and some experience. 



By. request of the members at Longmont we 
went there after leaving Denver. The St. Vrain 
church at Longmont numbers about 100 members. 
Eld. George Feasler is in charge, with brethren 
Weaver and Baahore for assistant laborers iu the 
ministry. We remained with them, aud labored 
for them from night to night for over a week. 
During this time we had some refreshing seasons. 
Sister Underhill and her daughter, also a member, 
and Bro. Ewing and wife (though at that time the 
latter were not members,) came from Canyon City, 
/ r ^ a distance of about 150 miles, in a covered wagon, 
sleeping under a tent at night, in order to enjoy 
the love-feast with the mambers at Longmont. 
Bro. and Sister E?/ing came along for the purpose 
of learning whether "The Brethren" were the 
Lord's people, according to their " ideal " people 
of the Lard. They had never been with the mem- 
bers of our Fraternity before, only as they had 
learned from Sister Underhill. Being fully and 
happily satisfied, they were baptized, and enjoyed 
the Communion with us. 

Those of us who consider a half a day's, or a 
day's drive behind a spirited team, over good 
roads, seated on cushioned seats in a fine carriage, 
quite an effort to reach a feast, please think and 
learn a lesson of humility and zeal from those 
worthy members, coming so great a distance over 
mountains and hills, through heat and dust, on 
hard seats, with mother earth for a bed- Btead, and, 
perhaps, — Jacob like, — a stone for a pillow. 

Their Communion was well attended. The on- 
ly minister from abroad, however, was Bro. Click, 
from Fort Collins. Ministers are scarce in that 
country and at a premium. It would be a blessed 
thing if some means could be devised to scatter 
our surplus ministers in some churches to places 
where there are nonel 

In the church at Longmont they have an ar- 
raugement, by consent of the church, for a young 
members' meeting. That is, the young members 
lead and conduct the exercises, such as singing, 
reading the Scriptures, exhortations and prayer. 
The older members are also aBked to come and 
render assistance and encouragement. We think 
the arrangement a good one. It causes the young 
members to feel that there is a work for them to 
do, and that they are of some consequence in the 
church. The tendency is to develop and strength- 
en the talent God has given them, and thus they 
aro a help to others as well as to themselves, 

Finding that they are needed in the church, stim- 
ulates them to serve the church iu their way, and 
to take a deep interest in her welfare. 

It is too often the case when young members 
are gathered into the churoh that they are neg- 
lected. Feeling that there is nothing for them to 
do, comparatively, and that they are of little con- 
sequence in the ohurch, they begin to drift off in- 
to something where they are made to feel they 
are of some consequence. 

Greater attention must be paid to young mem- 
bers and young people generally, if we would 
bring them into the church and keep them there 
as active, useful members of the body of Christ, 

Returning home from Longmont I found my 
family well. Praise God for his great goodnees 
to us all! 


f . ^ 

We are very bIow to publish the errors of oth- 
ers unless we can, in some way, profit by them, 
Now and then we find members who are not fully 
satisfied with the work and progress of the 
church, and they go to other denominations where 
they can enjoy more liberty, as they call it. Sev- 
eral months ago a few ministers and some mem- 
bers severed their connection with the ohurch and 
united with the Progressives. Below we publish 
two letters from the Evangelist, Bhowing just 
where this craving for more liberty leads to. We 
hope the lesson herein taught will prove a warn- 
iug to a few of our members who are disposed to 
forsake the ancient land-marks, set by the apos- 
tles. Whenever we do away with the Lord's Ta- 
ble, we are no better, respecting the New Testa- 
ment ordinances, than the popular denominations. 
We are glad that some of the readers of the 
Evangelist saw the error and protested. But the 
letters will tell their own story. 

* * * "On last Sunday evening we 
held our first Commnnion service, and the first of 
the kind ever held in this town. A large congre- 
gation witnessed the ceremonies. We had no 
ministerial assistance. Our program was as fol- 
lows: First, opening service from seven to eight, 
including a sermon on the ordinances and the ex- 
amination, from the text?, ' If I wash thee not thon 
hast no part with me,' John 13: 8, and 1 Cor. 11: 
28, 29, ' But let a man examine himself,' etc. Aft- 
er the sermoi the ordinances were practiced with- 
out comment, except the reading of appropriate 
Scriptures, and the singiug of appropriate hymns. 
At nine the congregation was dismissed. The 
very best attention and behavior prevailed 

" We had no tables for the supper, but instead 
served neat little sandwiches of beef and bread, 
neatly wrapped in tissue paper, which were hand- 
ed to the members on waiters, covered with a 
clean, white napkiD. It took about forty seconds 
to distribute the supper. There was no confu- 
sion, no rattling of dishes, no shuffling about, no 
time lost. It was far more in conformity to 
Paul's 'decently and in order' than anything in 
the supper line we had ever seen. The tissue pa- 
per served as a kind of napkin for the members to 
spread on their laps, and also answered to wrap 
up any remains of the supper which any one 
might leave. 

"It is true that by this plan you cannot have 
much variety, or a very elaborate meal; but this 
is another advantage, as nothing could be more 
out of place on such occasions than the custom of 
feasting the appetite. Paul says expressly, 'If 
any man hunger, let him eat at home.' It is a 
spiritual aud not a common feast, and therefore 
the materials should be extremely simple, and the 
meal abstemious. In the light of our successful 

experience we would say to young congregations, 
Save the expense, trouble and confunon of tables, 
table-cloths and dishe3, and have a more appro- 
priate supper. These things are not any more 
necesBary to the service than are the divans on 
which the Savior aud disciples reclined while 
they ate. Let us free ourselves from all the lum- 
bering traditions — B. C. Moomaw" 

{Three Weeks Later.) 

" A Card. — I have received two or three letters 
from Brethren, violently denouncing the report of 
our Communion meeting, with special reference 
to that part of it relating to the supper. 

" The absence of tables was more an accident 
than design; the supper was a full meal, that is to 
say, every one had as much as he wanted. I 
am sorry the report gave offense to any one, as we 
cerlainly would not intentionally hurt anybody's 
feelings, more especially about a small matter. 
We therefore and hereby erase, expunge, retract, 
eradicate and obliterate our whole report. If this 
is not satisfactory, please let us know what you 
want ub to do, and we will do it, even to the half 
of our kingdom. Let ub have peace. — B. C. Moo- 
maw, Buena Vista, Va" 



The best life insurance company in existence 
iB the one described in the New Testament. 

Cash on hand. fiph. 1: 7; 3: 8; Rev. 3: 18. 

What you receive. Col. 1: 5; 1 Peter 1: 4. 

What this company does above others. Eph. 
3:20;1 Cor. 2: 9. 

Other companies have conditions of policy, so 
has this one. Acts 2: 38, 

'The Leader of this company is King of kings 
and Lord of lords. Rev. 19: 16, 

This company is the only one that will inBure 
sgainst loss in the day of judgment. To the 
faithful its policies never expire. Rev. 2: 10. 

If you' want to insure you must come to the 
President's conditions, and not to man's. John 
14: 6. 

The time to insure. 2 Cor. 6: 2. 

Gardner, Kans. 


The following is the program for the Ministeri- 
al Meeting of the Southern District of Iowa, to 
be held iu the South River church, Thuraday, Oct. 
19, 1893,— the day before District Meeting: 

1. Address of Welcome.— H. W. Folger. 

2. " How Shall We Instill more of a Spirit of 
Prayer into the Members of the Church?" — H. 
Berkman ; alternate, M. Myers. 

3. "Are We, as a Church, Filling our Mission 
as the Light of the World?"— John Gable; alter- 
nate, Peter Brower. 

4. "Show the Responsibility of Ministers and 
Elders to the Church."— Isaac Barto; 0. M. 

5. "What are the Duties of the Church to- 
wards the Minister in Preaching the Gospel?" — 
S. Flory; J. Glotfelty. 

C. " How Should a Series of Meetings be Con- 
ducted to Obtain the Best Results?"— A. Wolfe; 
M. Replogle. 

7. "How Should Sunday-schools be Conducted, 
so as to Accomplish the MoBt Good?" — LewiB 
Kob; J. M. Follis. 

A. Wolfe, ) Committee 
C. M. Brower, > on 
J. M. Follis, ) Program. 

"Common actions become holy, and drudgery 
grows divine, when the motive is pure and high. 1 ' 


The Gospel Messenger, 

A Weekly at $1.50 Per Annum. 

The Brethren's Pu blishing Co. 

D. L. MILLER, EdUo ' 

J. H. MOOKE, ■ • • ■ '■ r,Bte Ed "° r ' 

J. B. Brumbauoh.i 

J. G. Rover, ( 

JOSEPH AMICK, Business Manager, 

I.. W. Teeter, A. HutchUou, Daniel Hsyi. 

tap-Communications lor publication should be legibly 
bloolt Ink onone side of the paper only. Do not attempt So Interline, or 
to put on one page what ought to occupy two. 

■SP-Anonymous communications will not be published. 

t2p-Do not mix business with aitlcles tor publication. Keep your 
communications on separate sheets from all bnstai 

eap-Time is precious. We always have time to attend to business and 
to answer questions ol Importance, but please do not subject us to need 
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taP-The Messenger is mailed each week to all subscribers, u the ad- 
dress Is correctly entered on our list, the paper mint reach the person to 
whom It Is addressed. II you do not get your paper, write us, giving par- 

tap-When changing your address, please give your former as well as 
your future address In lull, so as to avoid delay and misunderstanding. 

tap-Always remit to the office from which yon order your goods, no 
matter Irom where you receive them. 

tar-Do not send personal checks or drifts on interior banks, unless yon 
send with them as cents each, to pay lor collection. 

ear-Remittances should be made by Post-office Money Order, Drafts 
on New Votk i l,il. Lkli.hia or Chkaoo, or Kegistete.l L-ltcrs, made pay- 
■i cd to "Brethren's Publishing Co., Mount Morris, 111.," 
or " Brethren's- Publishing Co., Huntingdon, Pa." 

tar-Entcrcd at the Post-office at Mount Morris, 111., as second-class 

Biio. J. I. Milieu, of Keuka, Fla., reports the 
churoh in peace, with excellent meetings and good 
. They now talk of building another 
meeting-bouse ia the vicinity of Hawthorne, 
This is a good point for our people to bniltl np a 
congregation. __„ 

Mount Morris, 111., 

Jan. 17, i 

The editor of the Ham's Bom very truthfully 
says: "The d6vil has to work extra hard to get 
hold of children who have good mothers." 

Bro. Enoch Eby, of Booth, Kansas, .reports 
■ good meetings, fine weather, good health, ranch 
to be thankful for, and nothing to complain of. 

The Brethren at Oerro Gordo, III, were fortu 
nate enough to lose nothing in the recent fire at 
that place. Five business rooms were burned. 

f Last week we reported eight additions to the 
Rock Creek church (III), during their series of 
meetings. Three have since come oat, making 

eleven in all „_— 

Twelve additions by baptism and one reclaimed 
was the immediate result of Bro. D. P. Shively's 
Beries of meetings, recently held in the Sugar 
Oreek church, Whitley Co., Ind. 

All matter, either business or otherwise, in- 
tended for the Messenoer or Your.g Disciple, 
should be addressed to Mt. Morris. Please re- 
member this and avoid much delay and many per- 

We learn that Bro. J. E. Ellenberger, of Platts- 
bnrg, Mo., has arranged to locate near Polo, that 
State, for a period of five years and engage in the 
ministry in that locality. He will occupy the J. 
E. Bosserman place. 

Bro. Andrew Hutchison has been with us 
nearly two weeks. He oame to Mt. Morris very 
much reduced in strength, and several days were 
required for him to recuperate. He then deliv- 
ered in the Chapel several excellent sermons that 
were highly appreciated by the large audiences 
that assembled to hear him. He left here last 
Wednesday morning for Keuka, Florida, where 
he will probably spend the remainder of the win- 
ter in missionary work. We trust that his so- 
journ in that genial clime will be beneficial to 
his health, and greatly strengthen the few faith- 
ful members who are struggling to build up the 
cause in that part of the South. 

In No. 49 of last year we stated that a minis- 
ter was wanted at Sheridan, Mo, and referred to 
H. Clark of that place. It should have been 
Win. H. Clark. Those who have had their let- 
ters returned may do well to write again, address- 
ing as suggested. 

ONE of our brethren writes us, that in Decem- 
ber the Bnow id Pratt County, Kans., fell to the 
depth'of sixteen and eighteen inches on the level. 
At some places the trains were delayed as many 
as six days. This has been a remarkable year for 
snow in the West. 

Bro. S. E. yuNDT i3 still continuing his meet- 
ings at Cherry Grove, 111, with increasing inter- 
est. So far two have come out on the Lord's 
side and wore baptized. Bro. Jas. A. Larkins 
writeB very encouragingly about the spirit and 
interest of the meetings. 

The Bible Term is progressing pleasantly. The 
attendance is good and the interest all that could 
be expected. These Bible Terms io our schools 
are supplying a long-felt want among our minis- 
ters, and we are glad to know tliat they are great- 
ly appreciated by those who are so fortunate as to 
attend. _ 

Bro. J. W. Ellis, of Salem, Va., has returned 
home after quite an extended visit in the West 
He visited and preached for churches in Illinois, 
Kansas, and other places, Speaking of some of 
these churches he says: " They are in good work- 
ing condition. They are largely made up from 
the eastern churches and would serve as an exam- 
ple to some of the older churches in the East." 

We are in receipt of a copy of the Minutes of 
the District Meeting of Tennessee, North Caroli- 
na and Florida. Considerable business came be- 
fore the Meeting and was disposed of in a very fail- 
manner. No papers are sent to the Annual Meet- 
ing. Bro. G. C. Bowman reported one hundred 
and fifteen meetings, six baptized and seven re- 
stored to fellowship in the mission fields where 

he labored. _^_-^-~ 

Bro. David B. Putebbaugh, of McPherson, 
Kans., has been appointed manager of the Old 
People's Home in Mt. Morris. Bro. Puterbaugh 
and Mb wife are well known in Northern Illinois. 
They lived here many years before moving to 
Kansas. We feel sure that the appointment will 
give quite general satisfaction throughout the en- 
tire District. They are expected to reach Mt. 
Morris about Jan. 20, and preparations will be 
made to open the Home about Feb. I. 


We are having a regular old-fashioned winter. 
The "round has been frozen and covered with 
snow for weeks, and the weather is extremely 
cold. One who has lived in the Sunny South for 
years cannot well avoid longing for the genial 
clime where snows never come, and the long sum- 
mer is given. 

One of our brethren, who writes a good deal for 
the Messenger, says: " If at any time my writ- 
ings, or any part of them, should be detrimental 
to°the best interests of the church, I certainlj 
will be glad to have yon decline publishing them 
I desire, above all things, the purity of the churcl 
and the glory of God. I truly hope our dear edit 
ors will publish nothing of a schismatic nature 
I have often said, We have a paper that I am no 
ashamed to let my neighbors read." 

By special request, we understand, the Breth- 
ren's Tract Work has sent to all of the Brethren's 
schools packages of Bro. Rosenberger's tract on 
" Secret Societies," to be distributed among the 
students. The idea ia a good one. Concerning 
this tract the Christian Cynosure, a BlrCng, anti- 
secret society paper, says : "Mr. Rosenb6rger is a 
lucid writer, and in this tract presents some of 
the strongest arguments against lodgery extant. 
Briefly and pointedly he diseuBses the religion of 
secret societies, showing that it is anti-Christian; 
that their principles and their religion are at var- 
iance with the teaching of Christ and his apostles; 
that lodge principles and laws are disloyal both 
to the Gospel of Christ end the laws of the land ; 
and that these societies produce a great waste of 
time and money. It is a forcible pamphlet." 

Our readers, as well as onr contributors, wil 
notice that we have greatly condensed the note, 
from correspondents found in this as well as tb 
previous issue. We do this in order to make mor 
room for some of the excellent essays that hav 
been waiting for admission for some time. Here 
after we shall endeavor to limit the correspond 
ence to the three pages set apart for that purpose 
Oar correspondents can greatly aid us in this re 
speotby always making their notes short and t 
the point. __ 

Bro. Peter Fornei recently visited the mem 
bers at Glendale and Terape, Arizona, and orgar 
ized a church at the former place, composed of fit 
teen members. Bro. Forney preached a nnmbe 
of sermons to the comfort and edification of th 
saints. The members seem hopeful and hav 
very fair prospects of building up a strong coi 
gregation in that part of tho West. Bro. Charlf 
Gillett, a micister in the second degree, is als 
with them. Bro. P. J. Eisenbise, a minister, 
located at Tempe. 

Soon after the close of their excellent series i 
eetings near Roanoke, Va., the Brethren s 
cured the services of Bro. Holsinger, of Bridg 
water, to conduct a singing class during the Ho! 
days. The class was well patronized, and provi 
a to the church. Work of this kind 
to be commended. It is a department, in tl 
means of grace and edification, too much ne 
lected in our churchee. There ought to be 
class in vocal music in every congregation, 
least once a year. 

Last week we stated that, on account of sic 
ness, Bro. E. S. Young was compelled to retu 
home sooner than he had expected. Since th 
our dear brother and his wife have passed throui 
the crucible of affliction. The angel of dea 
came into their pleasant family circle and wrest 
from their fond embrace their little boy. Two 
their three remaining children have also be 
sick, but at this writing have improved sufficiei 
ly to place them beyond clanger. In this sev< 
eflliction our brother and sister have the sym] 
thies of this entire community. 

On account of making room for other matt 
which we have on hand, we will have to defer, 
a few weeks, the proposed series of articles o 
corning the two Christopher Sower's. These 
tides are prepared by one of the descendants 
the Sower family, and will prove both interest 
and instructive reading. Most writers have c 
founded the two Sower's who figured so pro 
nently in the publishing business before the Re 
lutionary War, and these articles will clear up t 
confusion. The first Christopher Sower was 
a member of the Brothren church, but the sec. 

Jan. 17, 18! 3 


Bbo, T. B. Young, of Wichita, Kans., in com- 
pany with others, recently took a trip into Okla- 
homa and preached at several points. He is well 
pleased with the people and country and bss de- 
cided to locate there as soon as he can make the 
necessary arrangements. He speaks very encour- 
agingly of the zeal of the members and the pros- 
pects of building np the cause in the Territory. 

The preacher who announces meeting to com- 
mence at 11 A. It, bnt does not put in an appear- 
ance nntil ten minutes after that time, may have 
the reputation of being an honest man in worldly 
matters, but his dealings with Father Time do 
not show him to be a truthful man. How much 
allowance will be made for theBe truths (?) that 
fall ten minutes short, remains to be seen. We 
know the consequence if the dollar falls ten cents 

A sister writes, " Bro. , one of our miois- 

ters here, does not take the Messenger, but I 
think, by insisting on him a little, he will sub- 
scribe. I shall do what I can by letting him 
have some of mine." That is right. Do your ut- 
most to get the Messenger into the hands of ev- 
ery preacher in the Brotherhood. Let not one be 
missed. It will be well to raise the money Bnd 
donate the paper to the poorer and hard-working 
ones. Be it borne in mind that if we can get all 
of our ministers interested in the Messenger. 
there is a probability of them becoming more 
thoroughly interested in every department of 
church work. It will keep them posted in church 
news, and thus be the means of encouraging 
them. The EsE-.iy Department will give them the 
skeleton for many sermone, while the other de- 
partments will afford good things to think about 
while about their secular duties. The Messen 
GER in the family will also give the good wife and 
children something pleasant to talk about, 
by all means, do not stop until every minister in 
the Brotherhood becomes a reader of the'paper. 

Among the women deserving special honor, is 
Miss Kate Marsden, who recently traveled 
through this country on her way to far-away Si- 
beria, to resume her charitable work among the 
lepers. She has traveled thoueands of miles, and 
endured many hardships in that bleak country, 
and established many leper colonies. Before she 
went there, these wretched creatures were left 
without shelter or sympathy. Miss Marsden has 
provided shelter for hundreds, and has recently 
been home to England, to seek further aid in her 
noble work. We understand that she will short- 
ly make an appeal to America, for means to en- 
able her to at least comfort this portion of suffer- 
ing humanity. Our world may be full of wicked- 
ness, but when we see a woman thus leaving all 
the comforts of a wealthy home, in the most fa- 
vored region of the earth, and take up her abode 
in the dreary land of Siberia, for the purpose of 
helping the outcasts of the oountry, we cannot 
help but have more faith in humanity. Certain- 
ly such noble deeds shall not pass unrewarded by 
the Master who will not fail to remember the 
giving of even a cup of water in the name of a 


A BROTHER writes: "One of our ministers re- 
fuses to preach because the church is out of order. 
Another does not care to preach because the peo- 
ple do not want to hear him. The third does not 
preach because he has not the ability. Under 
these circumstances what muet we do?" 

This is a very unfortunate condition for the 
church to get into. We have very little confi- 
dence in a minister who declines to preaoh just 

because the members are out of order. That is 
very time he ought to preach. Most (my man 
can preach when everything is running along 
smoothly, but it takes a man of God to cry aloud 
and spare not when he sees the enemy coming. 
Possibly the language of Jesus to Peter wonld ap- 
ply in this case: " When thou art converted 
strengthen thy brethren." What would we think 
of a physician who refuses to administer to the 
needs of the Bftlicted jnst because they happen to 
be siokl When people are Biek is the very time 
that the physician is in demand. Jnst eo with 
the preacher. If his people are running into eiD, 
he should study the harder, and preach the more 
earnestly, and woe be unto him if he does not 
preach the Gospel. If Noah, the preacher of 
righteousness, had declined to preach because the 
world was running into sin, God would never 
have entrusted the building of the ark to him. 
Elijah once fled from Israel and hid himself in a 
cave at Mt Horeb, thinking that he was the only 
faithful one left, but the Lord Bent bid back to 
his work again. A Jonah once fled from the 
presence of the Lord and tried to eBcape the re- 
sponsibility of a preacher, but he was returned to 
his work a wise r and a better man. There are 
some impressive lessons here for the man who 
proposes to lay aBide his Gospel Sword and let 
the enemy have foil sway. It is bad enough for 
the shepherd to flee when he Bees the wolf com- 
ing, bnt for one to stand with folded arms and see 
the wolf devour the sheep, as well as the lambs, is 
a species of unfaithfulness for which there is n 
excoae, and possibly no pardon without bitter re 

If there be any such preacher in the Brother- 
hood, let him repe-nt and enter upon his dutieB at 
once, so as to strengthen the weak, warn the err- 
iDg and encourage the faithful. A few years of 
earne&t labor may, in a measure, restore to faith- 
fulness many who otherwise would wander off 
still farther into sin. It would also be the means 
of encouraging the minister who has not the 
heart to preach because the members do not like 
to hear him, and may also strengthen the weak 
one who feels that he does not possess the ability 
to preach. Probably the whole thing depends up- 
on the minister who can preach and yet will not. 

A minister who lives in a locality where his 
preaohing is not edifying, should study all the 
the harder so as to make himself as proficient in 
the work as possible. He should avoid long ser- 
mons and long prayers, and labor to render hia 
part of the work both interesting and instructive. 
If he cannot do this he wonld better change loca- 
tion. It is not profitable for a man to spend his 
time preaching where he cannot edify the people. 
The yonng minister, who feels that he oannot 
preach, needs encouragement. Let him have 
much confidence in God, a little in himself, 
preach only a little at a time, and preach that lit- 
tle well, and thus, by degrees, he may develop into 
a man of rare usefulness. 

The proper course for the members to pursue 
is, to admonish their ministers eomewhat efter the 
above manner, and if the condition cannot thns be 
improved, the case Bhouldbe referred to adjoining 
elders, who ought to make every possible effort to 
assist that church in procuring a minister who 

'' Be firm, be bold, be strong, be true, 

And dare to stand alone; 
Strive for the right, whate'er he do, 

Though helpers there be none." 


No 27.— Christian Antiquities of Rome The 

Long before we came to the City of R'jme, we 
had heard about and read of the great catccomba 
which may be said to encircle the ancient city. 
For you may go out of Rome on almost any of 
the fourteen great consular roads that radiate 
from the golden milestone in the Boman Fororn, 
and at a distance of two or three miles from the 

lis of the city, you will find entrances to 
these subterranean galleries. To ub they are es- 
pecially interesting, as they are directly con- 
nected with the early history of the Christian 


But they are not an object of interest to mod- 
ern travelers only. In the early oeuturies of the 
Christian era they excited as much interest as 
they do now. Then, for many centuries, they 
were entirely loBt sight of. The entrances were 
blocked up, and even their existence became un- 
known. In the seventeenth century they were 
discovered, and since then every visitor to Rome 
sees with interest these ancient galleries. 

The catacombs are first referred to by Jerome, 
one of the chnroh fathers who wrote A. D. 380. 
He says: "When I was- a boy, b)ing educated at 
Rome, I and my school- fellows used on Sunday 
to make the circuit of the sepulchres of the apos. 
tleB and martyrs. Often wo descended into the 
crypts, which are excavated deep into the earth, 
and contain as you enter, on either hand in the 
walln, the graves of the dead; and they are even 
in all parts dark, so that the language of the 
prophet seems to be fulfilled: 'Let them go down 
quick into Hades.' Ouly. occasionally is ligh.t let 
in to mitigate the horror of the gloom; and then 
hot so much through a window as through a 
hole. When we again advance, the surroundings 
are made as dark as night; us Virgil says, 

' A natr.ek-.B honor make! II e region drear, 
The very slltnce fills the Soul with fear.'" 

The truthfulness of this description »ili at 
once be recognized by all those who hav« none 
down into the black darkness and gloom of these 
underground vaults. But it does not describe 
them sufficiently for those who have not Been 
them. Having gone down into them viih lighted 
wax tapers, and a trusty guide, and explored 
some of the dark and intricate passag. a and gal- 
leries, one of the "Bleeping places" t-f the dead 
of the primitive church of Rome, we propose to 
give our readers some account of these vaBt, 
subterranean cemeteries. In the preparation of 
this bketch we take pleasure in acknowledging 
our indebtedness to Dr. Russell Forbes, an emi- 
nent authority on the antiquities of Rome, who 
accompanied ub in our walke through the dark 
passages, and gave interesting explanations as we 
passed along. 

First, then, what are the catacombs? The 
name which is modern does not convey any idea 
as to the use,of these underground galletiej. 
Originally they were called ae.meierin, a Greek 
word meaning "sleeping places," and from which 
we have onr word cemetery. It will be remem- 
bered that the apostles always refer to death as a 
Bleep. Paul speaks of five hundred brethren 
who saw the Lord, "The grantor pari remain un- 
to this present, but Bome are fallen asleep," aid 
agaiD, "Them also which Bleep in Jesus wijl God 
bring with him," and "We which are alive and 

a. v j. jc C3 w5 n, IS^Jr j£ 1^ 

remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not 
prevent them which art. sslei p " Peter a U<, 
speaks of the fathers a* having fallei 
How natural then, wilh the views they Ltd of 
death and the resurrection, that the ' 
should call their tombs sleeping places! And 
how expressive of their hope of, and faith iu, the 
raising of the bodyl The L >rd has said of Wa- 
rns, he "sleepeth." So, when death called away 
one of the early Christians, they said " He is not 
dead, but has fallen asleep; when the Lord comes 
again, he will call him from his sleeping place." 

When Paul came to Rome, and to day we trav- 
ersed the very road he pnteed over, it was the al- 
most universal custom of the Romans to bnrn the 
bodies of their dead friends. The ashes were 
then carefully collected and placed in funerary I 
urns which were deposited in vaults prepared for I 
that purpose. The very idea of burning their 
dead, was, with the views they held, repugnant 
to the Christians. As the body of their Lord had 
been wound in fine linen, and laid in a rock-cnt 
tomb, so it was the desire of those, who accepted 
bis teachings, to be laid away in like manner 
when they had fallen asleep. This idea culmi- 
nated in what are now known as the catacombs. 
They are simply a series of rock-cut tombs, and 
were the sleeping places of those who died in the 

According to the Roman law, frequently re-en- 
acted during the days of the Empire, the burial 
of the dead, or even their ashes, was strictly for- 
bidden within the walls of the city. These laws 
were of course just as binding on the Christians 
as they were on the Romans. Heuce the burial 
places are found from one to three miles from the 
outer wall of the city. Thu*, wh-n Julius was as- 
sassinated, and divine honors were accorded him 
it required a special act of the Roman senate to 
burn his body and bury the ashes in the Forum. 

Another law, made in accordance with the faith 
of the Roman people, held all burial places as sa- 
cred. It was made a capital offense to desecrate 
a cemetery, or to disturb the ashes „ r the body 
of the dead. This law explains why the Chris- 
tians were permitted to excavate tombs for their 
dead, undisturbed even in times of the most bit 
ter persecution. Tbey even became places of 
concealment for the Christians, and ofteu iu thee,, 
underground passages, the persecuted church at 
Rome met to celebrate the Lord's Supper, Bu d 
partake of the Communion. 

There are about sixty of the catacombs, and if 
all the underground galleries and corridors were 
placed in a straight line it would extend over 
seven hundred miles, or the entire length of 
Italy. If stretched between Chioago and Phila 
delphia, they would almost reach from the City 
of the Lakes, to the City of Brotherly Love 
They consist of long, narrow galleries, from two 
and one-half to three feet wide, and in some 
places even narrower, and seven or eight feet 
high, cut in the solid reck, from fifteen to thirty 
feet below the surface of the earth The gal 
lenes are cut with much regularity, so that the 
floor and roof are at right angles with the sides. 
They run in straight lines, but are crossed by 
others, and then by other, again, until a per! 
fee J network of galleries is formed in a laby- 
rinth where one might wander iu the very black- 
ness of darkness, and never find his way out. ' 

rhe galleries are cuton three different levels so 
that there are three eeries nf these corriders lying 
below each other. In the one we visited today 

Jan. 17, 18 

we fonud three levels each reached by s 
ing stairway cut in (be rocae. The walls on ei- 
ther tide of the galleries aie honeycoml 
graves cut iu the rock, one above the other. Into 
these, openings, jutt high end wide , to 
admit the body, the dead were laid, and the 
opening was then closed with a marble slab or 
terra cotla tiles. No coffins were nsed in the 
first centuries in burj ing the dead. The body 
was wrapped in linen, with some aromatic spices 
and herbs, and laid iu the sepulchre hewn out of 
the rock. Thus the early Christians in Rome 
buried their dead after the example of the burial 
of their Blessed Lord and Master. On the mar- 
ble slab, which closed the grave, usually the 
name was engraved with the words "In- pence," 
or " Be sleeps in peace" The older inscriptions 
are all in Greek, while the later are in Latin. In 
some cases, in addition to the name, other words 
and sentiments were engraved on the marble. 
We give a few of these inscriptions, translated bv 
Dr. Forbes: 

Rcgina, mnyesl llioi. live In Hie Lord Jesus. 

Valeria sleeps Jn peace 

Lotlcus laid here to sleep. 

Sweet Faustina, may jou live In God. 

Agape, tlion shall live forever. 

T.'-e place of Basil, the Presbyter, anil his wife Felicilu 
Priu.itus In peace. Afler many torments, a most valiant 
nartyr He lived ihlrty-elght yeats. His wife raised fhl, 

111,1 '''■■'-' buiband, the well deserving 
Here lies Gordlu>, deputy of Gaul, who was executed for 
ic Mil, with ..ll hi. f. ,,,11,.. Iheyrestln peace. Theophl- 

She died at the age of thirty-five. From the day of her 
baptism she had lived hit, -seven days. 

These translations might be extended almost 
indefinitely, bat these will suffice to give a gen- 
eral idea of what is found in the catacombs in 
the way of inscriptions. 

Another feature of these great burial vaults 
has not yet been referred too. At some places 
the galleries are enlarged into squares, and oth- 
e.s into circular rooms of considerable size. 
These were family burial places, and here about 
the beginning of the fourth century stone coffins 
were first nsed. The rooms were cut ont for 
those who were able to pay for the work, and 
were doubtless used, as were the first stone cof- 
fins, called sarcophagi, by the wealthy. 

In one of the largest of these rooms which we 
visited, fifty people might find, standing room at 
one time. In it is the following inscription 
clearly cut in a large slab of marble. It was 
erected by Uamasus, Bishop of the church of 

Rome, A. D. 366: 

Mere, If you would know 

the holy. 
These honored sepulchre 
Their lofty souls the pal, 

He heaped togetlu 

nber of 

s enclose the bodies of the saints 
ice of heaven has received. 
ire lie the companions of Christ, who bear away the 
phles from the enemy. 
Here a tribe of elders, w 
is buried the p:ies 
Here the holy ministers 
Here lie youths and boys, old men anTthTlrThaste descend 

ants, who kept their virginity undented. 
Here I, Damssus, wishtd to have limbs. 
But feared lo disturb the holy a,h,s of the saints. 

many of which were covered with plaster, n 
pictures, painted very early in the Christian 
are fo be seen. As might be expected, the see: 
are all taken from the Bible. That most ) 
quently met with iB a representation of Christ 
the Good Shepherd. It is the figure of a n 
with a Iamb on his shoulders. The baptism 
Christ by John in the Jordan. The Savior 
represented as having stepped down into the v 
ter, while John is probably in the act. T 
Lord's Supper. The agape of the early chnr 
is also painted on the walls of the tombs. Mot 
striking the rock, and the story of Jonah are al 
illustrated. In the latter is seen a great a 
monster, and not a whale, casting Jonah np, 
dry ground. This shows that the revised vereit 
is correct in rendering whale, sea monster. 

The frescoes are but rudely drawn, and y 
they teach their own lessons. No one wou 
come to the catacombs to take .lessons in theol 
gy, and yet they prove beyond all dcubt that tl 
primitive church believed that Christ was ba; 
tizsd in the river, and not on its banK, and th! 
the agape, or love.feast, was practiced in tl 
I primitive church. 

The frescoes to which we have referred belon 
to the very earliest period. Later improvemei 
was made in drawing and painting, and in th 
catacomb we explored we saw the head of on 
Lord painted on the wall, which showed ski] 
and artistic taste. To this subject we hav. 
given considerable study, and in a succeeding 
letter we propose to give our readers all that i 
authentic as to whether there is a correct portrai 
of our Savior in existence. 

We 'have merely glanced at the eatacombi 
and what they contain, and already the limits o: 
our space have been exceeded. We might apenc 
months here and write a letter each day withonl 
exhausting the different subjects. We are con. 
fining our work to Christian Antiquities, and oar 
next letter will contain a study of the footsteps 
of Paul in Rome. D . I§ Mi 

E^-Church News solicited for this Department. II yon 
Soodmeetine, send a report of it. 30 that others ,„ay rejoice with you 
„ ^Wiefrive name ot church, County and State. Be oh, 1. N 1, , „i 
Travel should be as short as possible. Land Advertisements 
'" "vd l,.r this Department. We have an advcitisi,,,- ,,.,,. „ 
sary, wall issue supplements 

licit guard the throne of Christ, 
who long lived in pface. 

The good bishop, rot finding space for a sepul- 
chre among the martyrs of the early church, 
caused a tomb to be built for himself at the en- 
trance to the catacomb in which this inscription 
is to be seen, and then be was laid to rest, and 
his tomb remains unto this day. 
_ Another interesting feature of the catacombs 
re that they contain the earliest attempts of the 
Christians m decorating the tombs of the dead 
in painting or freacoing. I a the larger rooms, 

I am now, for the first time, going to write a 
few lines to you, my dear brethren and sisters in 
the Far West. Though unknown in person, we 
°»e all going to the same home above. 

Here, in Kjeflinge, we have had many good 
meetings, recently, in our meeting-house. These 
meetings have been led by our dear brother, O. 
P. Ohhn, who does all he can to declare the sav- 
ing Gospel to the people 

A friend to the church, Mr. Frank, formerly 
located at Kjeflinge, but who went to America a 
few years ago, has now returned here again. He 
has exhorted the people to come to Christ, and 
told them how he himself was led to Christ in 
America. The p-..p'.» have by this bten stirred 
np, and as a result many have recently come to 
our meetings We have also a very goo 1 Sun- 
day-school in our meeting-house, led by Bro. 
Olihn, and we hope the seed sown may bear 
fruit in the dear children's hearts. 

Oct, 30 Rro. Olihn and the writer were at a 
place named Lnndokra,— seven miles west from 
here,— where we had a good meeting at 3 P, M. 

Jan. 17, is* 3 

X £%i^ ^j^J^i^l^JL^ l\li^»SJtiJNCjli;i^. 

The house was well filled, and we exhorted the 
people to come to Christ. In the evening of tLe 
same day we had a meeting here in Kjetiinge. 
After this meeting a sister came over on the 
Lord's side. 

Dec. 6 Bro. John Olsson and wife, from Wan- 
neberga, came to onr aid. Bro. OlsBon held 
three good meetings here, and we were thaukful 
to the Lord for the rich blessings he bestowed 
upon us when he was here. 

Oct. 7 Bro. Olsson and wife left for Malmo, but 
promised to return next mouth, the Lord willing. 

Dec. 11 Bro. John Olsson came to us again a^d 
held four good meetings, when a young siBter 
came over on the Lord's side. 

Bro. Olsson has been working in Malmo, Lin- 
hamn, and Kjeilinge for about three weeks, dur- 
ing which time he has held many good meetings. 
He told ub, that the churches in Sweden are 

If the Lord so direct, I am going to America 
next spring; otherwise I will be cast into prison, 
because I do not want to enter military service. 
This year I must pay a fine of twenty kroners, 
because I went to another place at the time of 
military exercises. 

I hope yon will remember U3 in yonr united 
prayers, that we may not faint in the good 
work, and at laBt meet above. Our dear mem- 
bers here in Kjefiinge, especially Bro. Olihn, 
and John Olsson, send greetings. 


Kjejlinge, Sweden, Europe, Dec 13. 

the Brethren i 
ings. Tb«re 

My Trip to the Sunny South. 

Nov. 2L, in company with Bro. Lemuel Hillery, 
Bro. Joseph Pefley and others, I Jeft my home in 
Indiana for Alvin, Texas, where we arrived on the 
following Saturday and were met by Bro. Was- 
sam, and conducted to his home, a short dis- 
tance from the depot. Manvel has jast been laid 
out in town lots, having a poBt office anJ 'a few 
dwelling houses. The Brethren have just fin- 
ished their meefcing-hon39. It will b3 dedicated 
on the second Sunday in January. On Jan. 12, at 
4 P. M., they will have their first love-feast in the 
church. The church here is small, numbering 
abont thirty members and nearly all are poor in 
worldly goods, but rich in faith, and alive and 
zealous in the service of the Lord. Under ad- 
verse circumstances they trusted in the aid and 
power of God to Bustain them in securing a place 
of worship. It cost labor and self-sacrifice to 
erect the building, but I am happy to say that the 
house is all paid for except about one hundred 
dollars. Churches elsewhere might assist them 
in raising the remaining one hundred dollars. 

We like the country very well. The climate is 
very mild, "We stayed until Dec, 10, at which 
time the mercury stood between 70 and 80, and 
strawberries were just beginning to ripen. I 
found this to be a good place to locate, and would 
advise others, who desire a mild and salubrious 
climate, to go there and see for themselves. This 
will be our future home, the Lord willing. 

Geo. B. Shively. 

From La Porte, Ind. 

Bro. Daniel Lorah, a minister, and his fami- 
ly, arrived here two weeks ago, from Missouri, 
and have settled among ns for the present. This 
is quite encouraging to the little band of our Fa- 
ther's children here. To-day, Jan. 1, Bro. Lorah 
delivered an interesting discourse. 

One sister was baptized at our Boiling Prairie 
appointment, three weeks ago. I returned home 
Deo. 31, from the Yellow River church, of North- 
ern Indiana, where twelve days were spent with 

ire, engaged in a series of meet- 
rt> three accessions bj baptism. 

me are waiting for "a more convenient a ,i- 
son." Xh-> lumbers are much <-icou'aged, and 
the meetings will be continued by the home min- 

The first day of the new year closes with a 
blinding snow-Btorai. With tliit which has grad- 
ually accumulated to the depth of four or five 
inches, we will have a "run" of good sleighing. 

We have one hour of New Testament Script- 
ure reading, aud review, in conuection with, but 
previous to, the preaching services, at our Ross- 
burg appointment, which has become the main 
feature of onr meetings at that place, and prom- 
ises a power for much good. We have an infant 
class, comp^s j d of little ones who are unable to 
take part in the review. The rest of the audi- 
enoe is arranged in one class. This plan is very 
profitable at points whoro a regalar Sunday- 
school cannot be maintained. 

We had hoped to surprise the little folks at 
church to-day, with New Year's presents of the 
Young Diac'ple, but the roll did not come. 

Now we must wait until next meeting day, 
when we hope to see their eyes sparkle at the 
sight of the bright little paper, filled with good 
things for good little boys aud girls. 

Thurston Miller. 

Jan, L 

Echoes from the Highway, 

As the year has closed, a backward glance 
brings to remembrance echoes r-f Borne interest, 
in regard to the onward prosperity of the church 
in Southern California. We had <[aite a large 
number of additions by letter, and some by bap- 
tism during the year. Peaco and union prevail, 
and with the strength of the resident ministers, 
in addition to the goodly number of ministers, 
visiting during the year, there Las been much 
preaching done. Very few have tired of the 
good old highway of holiness, — the narrow way 
marked out by the Blessed Savior. There were 
fivj Communion meetings in the District during 
the year, which were well attended. Much har- 
mony and love seemtd to characterize the meet- 

Eld. D. Vanimau did considerable preaching 
at Covins, and held a two weeks' series of meet- 
ings at Lordaburg, besides preaching at other 
points. Eld. P. A. Moore's labors are also ap- 
preciated, as well as the labors of other faithful 
volunteers, that have como to visit the churches. 

Bro. W. T. Keieer will soon commence a series 
of meetings at Covina. At Pomona regular meet- 
ings are held, at present, under the supervision 
of Bro. J. F. Neher and Bro. D. Shaffer. 

Here, at Lordsburg, we have two regular 
preaching services every Lord's Day, by the stand- 
ard bearers of the cross. The work in Los An- 
geles City is still carried on by Eld. P. S. Meyers 
and S. C. Lehmer. Elder I. Gibble commands 
the gool work in the San Jacinto Valley. Bro. 
C. Wine labors in Ventura County. The mis- 
sion post at Eash Riverside is under the care of 
the writer, assisted by Bro. B. F. Masterson. I 
started an outpost at Peiris, in San Diego Coun- 
ty. The Mission Board kindly took that point 
under their care. Eld. J. W. Metzger preaches 
there occasionally. 

Recently I have started meetings near Rialto, 
in San Bernardino County. Eld. John Metzger is 
still able to do efficient work, skirmishing along 
the HneB of the enemy, and frequently gives the 
old serpent a hand-to-hand battle. Tried old sol- 
diers know how to wield the spiritual weapons of 
warfare. Bro. Miller, of the College, is doing 
excellent work both for the school find church. 
Taking all in all, we have reason to "thank God 

and take courage." There was a time, not many 
5 ears ago, when we called for volunteers to come 
ovt*r into this goodly land and help herald the 
Gospel truth. Now we have ample help in that 
line, yet there is plenty of room for the true and 
tried soldiers to find a welcome spot on which to 
build their camp-fires, and be a light to the 
world. To those in whom the light that is in 
them, is daiknees, we would say, Pas 3 on, there 
ii plenty of room farther ahead. J. 8. Flory. 
Lordsburg, Cal. 

From Salem, Oregon. 

While we are isolated from the main part of 
the Brotherhood, we still feel that we are a part 
of that glorious body, aud that we have hearts in 
onr ruidBt, beating loyal to the scepter of King 


We met in local coancil Dec. 3, with love and 
unity prevailing A fdw of ub have long Bince fa- 
vored the idea of building a church house in Sa- 
lem, but clouds of diEcomagement interfered. 
Only recently a gleam of light has dawned upon 

The Srcretary of our State Mission Board 
seems to think that if we do our part, the Gener- 
al Mission Board will render liberal assistance in 
the building of a house, aud if so, we will Boon 
have it. 

Salem is locate I in the cantor of a rich farming 
district, with the majority of our membership at a 
convenient distance, and seven resident members. 
Oar town is steadily growing. 

This, the Willamette Valley, is wt ( ll adapted to 
wheat, potatoes, pears, prunes and plums. It is 
too cool for tropical fruits, The winters are mild, 
withfrequent rainy spells, but not continual rain 
as is sometimes falsely reported. The summers 
are very pleasant. 

We s-dicit correspondence from auy of our 
brethren who are anxious to learn the advantages 
of our country. There an* cheap lands in the 
rural districts where people with limited means 
can secure homes. TbtBe localities are more or 
less inconvenient to the urirbnt*, but, sooner or 
luter, there will be railroad* to open the way for 

Any brethren, desirous of locating hero, should 
first come and see for themselves. Oregon is now 
only four or five days' travel from Chicago, 
with the most delightful American scenery along 
the way, especially over the Canadian, Northern 
Pacific, and Rio Grande Routes. You will beam- 
ply repaid for the trip, whether you locate or not. 
We think we have as good a country as our sister 
States. It is a very good way to build up the 
church, when members locate permanently in a 
new place. Jos. B. Earlv. 

Dec. 6. 

From the Price's Creek Church, Ohio. 

Bro J. H. Brumbaugh cojimm^ed a series of 
meetings for na Nov. 2t, remaining until Nov. 26. 
He preached four interetting sermons. Then, 
according td arrangements, Bro. Heary Fraatz 
came to conduct a Beries of meetings. He 
preached nineteen excellent sermons. As a result 
two young sisters made the good choice and were 
received into the fold by Christen baptism. 
Duriog our meetings wo had large congregation.8. 
Onr house, 40 by 60 feet in sizi, was full to over, 

Dec. 6 we held a council- meeting. All the bus ? 
iness that came before the meeting was pleasantly 
disposed of. We held an election for one minis- 
ter and two deacons. The lot for minister fell on 
our dear brother, Henry Eby; f >r deaconi the lot 
rthrcij Joseph Sheaffer, Jacob S. Petry 
and Lewis Richarde, May the Lord blees them 


Jan. 17, 

and their companions! As onr elder is well ad- 
vanced in years, the church thought best to have 
some one to have the oversight of the church. 
Bro. Tobias Krider, of the Ludlow church, was 
chosen for that position Henry Frantz and wife 
left us Dec. 9, for other fields of labor. May the 
Lord go with them as th"y go on with the good 
workl Geobqe H. Petry. 

El Doradn, Ohio. 

Notes from Our Correspondents. 

Hopewell Church, Pa.— Dec. 24 Bro. D. B. Arnold, 
of Burlington, W. Va., came to labor for us and 
continued until the evening of Jan. 3. We had 
the best of order throughout. — Abraham Steele, 
Jan. 5. 

Frankfort, Ohio. — Onr series of meetings com- 
menced Dec. 24, and continued until Jan. 1, 1893. 
The weather being disagreeable, the congrega- 
tions were not very large. The church was muoh 
built up. — J. C. Jones, Jan. i. 

Portland, Ind. — On Christmas Eve Bro. John 
Christian, of Bradford, Ohio, commenced a aeries 
of meetings at this place, and continued until 
New Year's Eve. The meetings were very en- 
joyable and soul-inspiring. — L. Alice Oarber, 
Jan. 3. 

Burlington, W. Va.— Dec. 23 we commenced a se- 
ries of meetings at the Welton school-house, nine 
miles west of the Beaver Bun church. Two pre- 
cious sonls were made willing to enlist under the 
banner of King Immannel. Bro. Jonas Fike did 
the preaching. — Peter Arnold. 

Panora, Iowa. — I am glad to tell you that we are 
having a very interesting and instructive series of 
meetings, condnoted by Eld. It. F. McOnne, of 
Dallas Centre. We are having fine weather and 
good roads, with increasing attendance and grow- 
ing interest. We expect to continue a while 
yet. — J. D. Haughtelin, Jan. 1. 

Stexico, Ind. — Our Communion meetiDg in the 
new house occurred Dec. 28. We had a feast 
that was indeed good for the soul. The house 
was well filled. There were ten ministers present 
from adjoining ooDgregations. Eld. John H. 
Wright officiated. He is still with us, in the 
midst of a series of meetings, with a fair attend- 
ance and with the best of order and interest. — J. 
M. Replogle, Jan. 2. 

Boot Biver Church, Dion.— Bro. Harvey Eiken- 
berry, of Greene, Iowa, commenced a series of 
meetings Dec. 10, and continued until Dec. 25, 
delivering, in all, twenty-fonr discourses. Two 
precioos souls asked for admittance into the fold 
and were buried beneath the icy waters. On Sat- 
urday evening our brother addressed us from the 
text, " Almost thou persoadest me to be a Chris, 
tian." Another dear Bister was made willing to 
leave the ranks of Bin and will be baptized. Six 
have been added to the churoh by baptism and 
three by letter this year.— Ella M. Ogg. 

Bechanlcstown, Bid.— Onr Thanksgiving meeting 
occurred in the meeting-house in towD, Thursday 
evening, Nov. 24. Bro. Wm. H. Franklin, of 
Sam's Creek, Md., did the preaching. Saturday 
Dec. 10, Bro. D. F. Stouffsr, of Benevola, Md, 
came to Mechanicstown and commenced a series 
of meetings, which continued until Monday, Dec. 
19. In all we had eleven sermons. We also held 
one social meeting. Two were baptized and 
many others convinced, and made to feel the ne- 
cessity of a preparation. We had, at all the 
meetings, good attendance and the most excellent 
attention.— D. R. Sayler, Dec. 2(i. 

Lone Star, Ho. — We just closed some interesting 
meetings at the Lone Star school-house, ten miles 
south-east of Warrensburgb, Mo , with four addi- 
tions. Two were baptized at the Mason Bchool- 
house since our last report. — D. M. Mohler, Dec. 

Cherokee, Rans. —Bro. A.I. Heestand commenced 
a aeries of meetings here on Christmas and con- 
tinued until the evening of Jan. 2. In all he 
preached nine sermons. While there were no 
immediate results, we believe there were lasting 
mpreBsions made. — L. Wolfe, Jan. 3. 

South Waterloo, Iowa.— The Brethren of this 
church recently held a choice for ministers. The 
lot fell on brethren A. F. Blough and Lewis Iken- 
berry. The latter is a student at Ann Arbor, for- 
merly of Mt. Morris. Both are worthy and intel- 
ligent young brethren. — Ephraim IAchiy, Jan. 5. 

Hillisburg Church, Ind.— Bro. Solomon Blicken- 
staff commenced a series of meetings on Christ- 
mas evening and continued through the Holidays. 
He preached the Word with power. The mem- 
bers were awakened to a sense of their duty, and 
sinners warned to flee the wrath to come. — David 
Wampler, Bolestown, Ind., Jan. 4. 

Laramie's Church, Ohio.— Bro. W. Q. Calvert was 
with us and held a series of meetings, which was 
attended with good interest on the part of all. I 
think mnch good was done both in and ont of the 
church. Some, we believe, are near the kingdom. 
We had, in all, twenty-seven sermons Our Com- 
munion services occurred Dec. 24 Bro. Boggs, 
of Covington, was with us and officiated. — Jona- 
than Hoover, Dec. 31. 

Konnt Storm, W. Va.— Bro. Aaron Fike, of Eglon, 
W. Va , preached a scries of sermons for us at the 
Striped school- house, by which the members were 
much encouraged and strengthened. Six dear 
young sonls were made willing to cast their lot 
with the people of God. They will be baptized 
in the near future. One of the number is the 
youngest daughter of the writer. All our chil- 
dren, four in number, are now in the church. — 
Raphael Baker, Dec. 16. 

Beaver Creek, Va. — Two were received to-day by 
baptism at the Branch church, where we closed a 
series of meetings two "weeks ago. I was not 
present, having an appointment to fill at Frank- 
lin, four miles away. There wss a meeting to- 
day at our new honse and at Emmanuel's church 
also. They expect to have a series of meetings at 
the latter place. Bro. Hiram Miller, one of our 
home ministers, is chosen to do the preaching. — 
G. W. Wine, Oltobine, Va., Dec. 25. 

Sugar Creek, Ind. — We have just closed an inter- 
esting series of meetings, conducted by Eld. D. P. 
Shively, of Peru, Miami Co., Ind. He wielded 
the Sword of the Spirit with power. Twelve pre- 
cious souls stepped from the ranks of Satan to 
be initiated into the family of Gcd. One was 
reclaimed. Four of the number were under fif- 
teen years of age. Fathers and mothers wept for 
joy to see their children coming home to Christ. — 
Orilla Bollinger, Tunker, Ind., Jan. 1 

North Liberty and Blchlaud, Ohio.— I commenced a 
series of meetings in North Liberty Nov. 12, and 
continued two weeks. The meetings were well 
attended, and excellent attention was given to the 
Word preached. As is generally the caBe, the 
meetings closed too Boon. Having promised the 
Brethren in the Bichland church, Bichland Co., 
Ohio, to labor for them, we met at said place on 
the evening of Dec. 6 The attendance and at- 
tention were excellent. We continued until Dec. 
22 Nine precious sonls turned to God and were 
added to the church by baptism. — Reuben Shrpy. 
er, Pierce, Ohio. 

Hatfield, Pa.— Dec. 24 Bro. J. T. King, of Mary- 
land, came to us and preached ten sermons. 
There were no additions, but much good was 
done. The soul-cheering sermons were appreciat- 
ed by all. All say the meetings closed too soon. — 
Ella C. Souders. 

Harden Grove, Iowa .—Last night closed a series 
of meetings at the Franklin church, Decatnr Co., 
Iowa, begun Dec. 23, by the home ministry. Dee. 
24 Bro. John Eshel man, of Jefferson County, lows, 
came among us and greatly assisted in the meet- 
ings.— Jemima Kob,,Jan. 2. 

Yellow Biver, Ind. — We commenced a aeries of 
meetings Dec. 11, condnoted by the home minis- 
ters, who continued until the evening of the 19th, 
when Bro. Thurston Miller, of La Porte, Ind., 
came to our assistance, and continued until the 
evening of the 30th. Three young sonls made 
the good confession. — John E. Joseph, Bourbon, 
Ind , Jan. 3. 

Buttennere, Iowa.— The Wayman Valley church 
met in quarterly council Dec. 29. Elders S. H. 
Miller and Wm. Eikenberry w.-re with ns. Bro. 
0. H. Stone was advanced to the fnll ministry, 
and Bro. Henry Stone to the second degree of the 
ministry. At this meeting our church was well 
represented and there was a seeming harmony in 
Bentiment.— John Schmidt, Jan. 7. 

Home Church, Ohio. — To-day we closed a very in- 
teresting series of meetings, that has been in prog- 
ress since Dec. 13, at onr Oak Grove house. Bro. 
W. L. Dessenberg, of Ashland, Ohio, held forth 
the Word in Hb power. God's children were en- 
couraged and built np in the faith, and those who 
are yet strangers to the covenant of grace, had 
the way marked out so plain that they have no 
excuse.— Maggie A. Dickey, Cor. Sec, Alvada, 
Ohio, Jan. 1. 

Charleston, W. Va.— Bro. A. M. Frantz, of Green- 
brier' County, has been with us and preached ten 
sermons. His work ended yesterday. While no 
one united with the church, we feel that his ef- 
forts are not without a reward. He earnestly 
preached the Word. Bro. Frantz desires to 
change locations, and we would be glad if this 
locality would suit him. We are in need of a 
minister and would be glad for ministers, travel- 
ing through this part of West Virginia, to Btop 
and preach for ns. — A. Haws, Dec. 26. 

Spring Bun, Pa.— On Saturday, Jan 28, at 10;30 
A. M., dedicatory services will begin in the new 
church in Bratton Township, south of McVey, 
town Station, Spring Knn congregation, Mifflin 
Co., Pa. There will be preaching in the evening 
and on Sunday morning and evening, to be con- 
tinued as circumstances may permit. A series of 
meetings will commence in the Spring Bnn 
church, two and one-half miles north of McVey- 
town Station, Mifflin Co., Pa., Saturday evening, 
Jan. 14.— Emma Bollinger. 

Eel Biver, Ind.— I met with this church Dec. 20, 
to aBsist them in a series of meetings. The meet, 
ings closed on Sunday evening, Jan. 1. There 
were no additions, but the increased interest 
made us feel as though the meetings will not be 
in vain. There has been an enconraging increase 
of members in this church dnring the past year, 
bat since my visit to them, a year ago, death has 
called two of their faithfnl deacons away, with 
others of their number. New Hear's morning a 
children's meeting was held that will never be 
forgotten. The young members, as well as the 
young people ont of the church, took quite an in- 
terest in this meeting. I was impressed with the' 
harvest, ripening for this ohnroh, if properly 
cared for. We arrived home Jan. 2 — Silas QiU 
i bert, Liyhtsville, Ohio, Jan, 3. 

Jan. 17, 1893. 


Johnstown, Pa.— At our church council, Dec. 29, 
a young brother was received into the chnrch by 
baptism, and a brother and sister reclaimed. 
Thus the good work is advancing. Pray for ns!— 
Sadie Brallier Noffsinger. 

Betid, Bo.— The series of meetings, conducted 
by Bro. 0. H. Brown, at the Brush College 
school-house, in the southern part of the Bethel 
congregation, Holt Co., Mo., closed Dec. 30, with 
good interest and two applicants.— Frances HiU 

Little Traverse Chnrch, Bich— Dec. 1 Eld. Isaiah 
Rairigh, of Woodland, came to us and commenced 
a series of meetings, continuing each evening un- 
til Deo. 1. Although there were no immediate 
accessions, yet saints were encouraged to press 
onward. Bro. Rairigh has a very forcible way of 
presenting the Truth.— L. B. Wilcox, Dec. 26. 

Balva, Iowa.— Onr series of meetings at the Gal- 
va school-house closed Dec. 17. We had, in all, 
twenty-three soul-cheering sermons, in which 
Bro. Fowler, from the eastern part of the State, 
dealt out the Bread of Life with power. We, as a 
little band, were much revived and thank Bro. 
Fowler for his earnest labor.— H. Schroeppel, 
Jan. 2. 

Talent, Ore Our quarterly council occurred to- 
day. Everything passed off pleasantly. One 
brother was received by letter. Bro. John Wim- 
er, one of our deacons, is very ill. He was anoint- 
ed. Bro. D. Brower commenced meetings in the 
Wagner Creek school-house on- Christmas, and 
preached every night since, with good attention, 
good order and a full house— Susan M. Rhodes, 
Dec. 31. 

Bt. Hope, Ok. T.— Bro. F. H. Bradley, from Kan- 
sas, came to us D.-c. 30, and preaohed for us on 
Sunday and Sunday evening, Jan. 1. His preach- 
i ing was interesting and instructive. We have an 
evergreen Sunday-school, which was first organ- 
ized about two years ago, and has been, progress- 
ing fast ever since. We use the Brethren's liter- 
ature. This ohnrch is awake to the good cauBe of 
the Master.— J. H. Neher, Crescent Cdy, Ok. T. 

State Center, Iowa.— The State Centre church is 
still without a resident minister. We need a 
live, zealous minister to move among us. We 
would also be pleased to have other faithful 
brethren in our territory. We expect to com- 
mence a series of meetings Jan. 14 Eld. S. 
Johnson, from Benton County, Iowa, and James 
Thomas, from Boone County, expeot to be with 
us.— S. Beeghly, Jan. 3. 

Ness City, Kans. — Bro. George E. Studebaker 
came to us (eight miles north-west of Ness City) 
Dec. 6, and stayed until the morning of Dec. 16. 
He preached nine purely Gospel sermonB to very 
attentive hearers. The brethren had never 
preached in this neighborhood and we were glad 
to have the way made plain. I am the only mem- 
ber in the County, bb far as I can learn. If there 
are members, I will be glad to hear from them.— 
Anna Hominy, Dec. 26. 

Seven Ponntalns, Va.— In Page County, Va., there 
are nine brethren and sisters, in behalf of whom 
I commenced a series of meetings Nov. 26 and 
" continued- till Dec. 4 We had large congrega- 
tions. The last two nights the house was full to 
overflowing, and the best of order prevailed. 
Five were made willing to put on Christian bap- 
tism. The brethren did not want the meeting to 
close, but on account of other engagements, east 
of the Blue Eidge, I could not stay longer. They 
want a meeting in the spring. Will not some one 
of our able brethren come to our help? If so, 
write me at Seven Fountains, Va. — William 

Poplar Ridge, Ohio. — I commenced a aeries of 
meetings here on the evening of Dec. 16, and ex- 
pect to continue until Jan. 1. Our congregations 
are small, but good attention is shown to the 
Word preached. There is bat a small member- 
ship here.— Daniel Snell, Sidney, Ind., Dec. 28. 

Bonn! Storm, W. Va. — In my notes of Dec. 7, in 
Messenger No. 50, page 797, the fifth line should 
read " we " instead of "I," as the other brother 
did most of the preaching. I never preaoh when 
there are abler brethren with me. Honor to 
whom honor is due.-^-R'ip'iael Baker, Dec. 2<i. 

Newton, Ohio. — We have closed a very pleasant 
and profitable series of meetings in our church. 
Bro. J. B. Brumbaugh, of Huntingdon, Pa., oame 
to our aid Dec. 10, and continued until the 24th, 
with good interest. One young man confessed 
Christ and was baptized.— D. D. Wine, Dec. 28. 

Bivorside, Iowa.— Brethren J. Oakerice and F. M. 
Wheeler came to Oak Grove Dec. 17, and stayed 
with us until the 29th, preaching sixteen sermons. 
They are faithful workers in the Master's vine- 
yard. One dear Bister made application for bap- 
tism, and others were almost persuaded.— M. B. 
Cline, Jan. 4. 

Nevada, Bo.— The Nevada church-house is about 
completed, and will be dedicated Jan. 15. Bro. 
Enoch Eby will preaoh the dedication sermon 
and then hold some meetings for ns. Oar neigh, 
boring churohes should come and enjoy a feaBt of 
fat things with us. Let the members of our own 
district be ready for an outpouring of his Holy 
Spirit— S Click. 

Garrison, Iowa. — Our series of meetings, conduct- 
ed by Bro. A. Hutchison, began Dec. 9, and 
closed Dec 25. He preached, in all, nineteen 
soul-cheering sermons. Though there were no 
immediate accessions, much good was doDe. Our 
quarterly council, Dec. 17, was one of love and 
union. On Thanksgiving Day one was added to 
the church by baptism.— JS. R. Slauffer, Dec. .'6 

Boscow, Idaho.— This church met in quarterly 
council, Dec. 31. Everything was disposed of in 
a Christian spirit We have a good Sunday- 
school and a very interesting social meeting. We 
expect to keep them up all winter. We sIbo have 
preaching every Sunday. Eld. Hodgden will go 
to Tekoa and Waverly this week, to hold some 
meetings —J. V. G. Sliverson, Jan. 2. 

Danville, Ohio. — We have just closed a few inter- 
esting meetings, oonduoted by Eld. D. N. Work- 
man, of Ashland. He stopped off here on his 
way home from the Delaware church. We much 
regret that he could not stay longer. He pre- 
vailed upon Bro. Joseph Workman to accept the 
ministry to which the church had chosen him 
some years ago. On New Year's Day the instal- 
lation services took place, after which the meet- 
ings closed and Bro. Workman left for his home. — 
A. B. Workman, Jan. 2. 

Pleasant Valley, Va.— Brethren Sheets and 

Andrew Reed came to us a few weeks ago, and 
preaohed six soul-stirring sermons at the PleaBant 
Valley church. Six precious souls came to the 
ohnrch. From there our brethren went to the 
Hylton sohool-house, where they preached several 
sermons. Five souls came out on the Lord's side. 
They went from there to the Union ohurch, on 
Burt's Fork, where we had a series of meetings. 
Two chose that good part, to serve the Lord, 
making, in all, thirteen additions.— M. F. Woods, 
Jan. 3. 

Bock Bun Chnrch, Ind.— Bro. I. L. Berkey, our 
home minister, began a series of meetings here 
Dec. 25. Two precious souls were baptized into 
Christ on New Year's Day. Our meetings then 
closed, so that our brother might attend the Bible 
Term at Mt. Morris, 111. Jan. 8 we will re-organ- 
ize our Sunday-school. We had an average at- 
tendance of eighty during the past jear.— F. W. 

Cana, Va.— Oa Saturday, Dec. 17, Bro. J. F. 
Robinson and wife, of the Fraternity church, N 
C., came to us, and on Sunday baptized one 
brother who had made previous application. 
Bro. Robinson preachfd, in all, eleven sermons, 
greatly reviving the church. We earnestly pray 
that the good seed Bown may yet briDg much 
fruit to the honor and glory of God — Wm Wis- 

Ashland Chnrch, Ohio.— Our church held a pro- 
tracted meeting which commenced on the evening 
of Nov. 26 and lasted over three Sundays. We 
were favored with good weather and an increas- 
ing congregation of attentive listeners. Bro. 
William Dessenberg did the preaching. Two,— a 
young man and his wife— united with the church. 
The membership seemed to be built up and out- 
siders deeply impressed.— IT. F. England. 

Baple Orove Ohnrch, Wis.— Deo. 10 Eld. D. Roth- 
enberger, of North Webster, Ind., came here to 
hold a series of meetings, delivering, in all, thir- 
teen sermons. There were no additions to the 
oharch, yet we believe that good impreesions were 
made and the cburoh enoouraged. Oar elder, S. 
H. Baker, is here now, and will continue the 
meetings till over Christmas. Bro. Baker had the 
misfortune to fall from the roof of a house where 
he was at work. Though he was hurt severely, he 
is able to lie at work for the Master again.— T. D. 
VanBunn, Kdson, Wis. 

Springfield, Bo.— Elders Geo Barnhart and Wine, 
of Carthage, came to ns D=c 9, commencing a 
series of meetings. Bro. Barnhart continufd till 
the 16th. Owing to the inclemency of the weath- 
er, we had not a very large crowd, but thoBe pres- 
ent were very attentive, and we feel that they 
were made to see the Bible differently from what 
they formerly saw it. Many were seemingly bt x- 
iouB about the foundation upon which they bad 
built. Bro. Barnhart gave ns, in all, nine excel- 
lent sermons. One,— my wife,— united with the 
church and was baptised io the presence of sever- 
al hundred persons who never before saw the like, 
We were organized into a 
as the Springfiell church, 
manent minister with us. 
we surely could build up 

bnrch Dec. 11, known 
Conld we have a per- 
id all work together, 
church here. There 
are, in all, about thirty members.— Martin Buter- 

Sheridan, Bo.— Afler leaving Iowa, our first stop 
was at Darlington, Mo , where we held fourteen 
meetings with a good interest. There are only a 
few members linog here, but they are warm- 
hearted, and greatly desire a minister to locate 
among them. Oar nearest stop was at the old 
Squaw Creek church, in Holt County, Mo. Here 
we met a number of very dear members, and held 
seventeen meetings. The interest was good, but 
a rain and snow-storm interfered somewhat. The 
Mission Board, learning that there were eome 
members living iu the City of St, Joseph, Mo.,— 
Bro. W. G. Andes, Chairman of the Mission 
Board, together with self and wife, visited the 
city and were kindly received at the house of Mr. 
G. W. Staffer. He is not a member, but certain- 
ly has a very warm feeling for the Brethren. His 
wife— sister Stoffer,-was very happy to see ub. 
We held five meetings and baptized two young 
men,— the first ever baptized by our Brethren in 
that city. The interest was good, though the 
congregations were small. The report had gone 
out that we admitted only our own members to 
the services— Wm. C. Hipes, Dec. 21. 


Literary Notices. 

The Standaul Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio, fa 
Vois us with a neatly printed and o py ol "The 

Standard Church" It le a book, rot a bundle of 
music. It has unity and purpose Every hymnand every 
(line was Eelected on accounl ol its merit, Not one was in- 
serted to " fill up." Ill i perfe - want of 
the Christian Church. lt*coni rnli ■ and closing 
hymns, morning and i Ffnll ■ I | tl n , hj runs of invitation, of 
joy and rejoicing, oi prajer and praise- hjinns especially 
suitable (or the ordinance of baptism and Ihc Lord's Supper, 
together with many that are eminently appropriate for use in 
the prayer-meeting, undaj schcol, the Endeavor Society, 
and for special occasion*. The publisher taye: " Much of the 
soul went out of oui church worship when we txehanged ou ■ 
grand old hymns for jerky rhymes and jtggy airs." Price, 
cloth, marbleedge, per copy, prepaid, 75 eta.; boards, per copy, 

prepaid, 55 cts. 

"Standard ECLECTIC COMMENTARY " on the Internation- 
al Sunday-school Lessons f< r 1893, con and se- 
lected notes, explanatory, Illustrative and practical. Prepared 
by E. B Wakefield, Professor of Biblical Theology, Hiram 
College, with Geographical Notes by J. W. McGarvey, A. 
M-, Professor oi Sacred HUtorj Collegi « Bible, and 

praciical Normal Studies on each Iciscn by H, K. Taylor, A. 
M.Prirclpal of Louisville Training School. The Standard 
Publi.hlng Co., Cincinnati, Ohio, pub' libera. Price, $1.00 
Tl e work Is ncstlj printed, well ttfUnd snd embellished with 
n.aps, dlfgiamf, chronological charts and taclta. The ar- 
rangement <<f thejarta 1^ good. The Uxlls in large, clear 
type with, 10 iid, a pew and Improved methed of giving the 
revised and authorized renderings 10 the difference can be 




good j nd quite ample 
ic a very co time dab feature. The 
help'to Sunday tchool workers, both 

The ee graph 
work will piove a g 
teachers an J pupil . 

"TmiiLK's Sermons" A neatly printed \olume of 272 
pages, contai ring twentj I ■■ 1 irmoni practical and 1 o:t final, 
by J. M. Trlble, Vlc< presllent of '.1. ■ Bethany College, to- 
gether wi.h a neat portrait and well written biographical 
sketch of the author. Christian Publishing Company, pub- 
lishers, St. L?uh, Mo. Price, $1 oo Must sermon books 
arc dry and lacking m inii.-n. ■-,!, l>i,t i ere i> a volume of spark- 
ling gems. The language is Excellent, the mat er well ar- 
ranged, the arguments and line of thought of a very high or- 
der. Mr. Trible was a literary genius, He died a short time 
a^o, compara'fvely a young man. il.rl he- lived he would 
have made his mark among the- Biblical scholar* of the age. 

From the Christian Publl hlng Company, St. Louis, Mo., 
we have three excellent little volumes, containing all the Sun 
day-school lessons for the presenl jear, piepaied aid well 
arranged for the tift ret t giadra 

1. -'The Ler-son Piimer," IntCLded for the little oms of the 
primary classes Price, 

2. "The Lesson Mentcr," for bojsand girls of the junior 

3. "The Lesson Helper,' 1 for the 3 oung people of the sen- 
ior classes. Piice, 35 cents. 

All of these volumes arc more 01 less illustrated, but the 
two first contain a number of small pictures that will please 
the eye of the little ones as well as Imprtss them very favor- 
ably. For work among the Hltle (oik* aid young people 
these volumes will be found quire a help. The comments on 
the lessons are concise and yet ample enough lor all practical 
purposes among the young. 

"Sweeney's SERMONS," by John S. Sweeney, is the title 
of an excellent volume, cf 304 pagts, Issued by the Gospel 
Advocate Publishing Co, Nashville, Tern Sixtv-two pages 
are taken up with a biographical sketch of the author, which 
Is both Interesting and instructive, but possibly is a little over- 
drawn. Mr. Sweeney U a stiong man of fine culture and 
wide experience, and his matured views on any subject are 
worthy of notice. The woik contains fourteen of his very 
best sermons, on such subjects as ' The Simplicity that is in 
Christ;" "Tffe Church of God its Pound rtlon;" * Regenera- 
tion;" " Acts of the Apaatles;" 'Action of Baptism;" "Bap- 
tism for the Remission of Sins;" " What Must I do to be 
Saved?" "Infant Baptism." etc. The work is well worth a 
place in any preacher's library, and will afford him much val- 
uable information on points of great Importance. Much, or 
rather, most of the matter, Is in accord with the Scriptures as 
understood by our people. The price is not quoted to us, but 
we would judge it to be about $1.35. 

i ol the proposition Ten judg- 
m in their verdict In 
ven his point. Four 
t to be heard from. 

work we have ever 
»ilh all the pre f lie 
uihois and scholars 

cunt: ins a shoit-ad- 

gumcriUare offered In dcfi 

■m 1 selected. Five have already gfvi 
support of the fact tha' the author has p'0 
make a contrary decision, and one isjt 
As a defense of immersion it Is the best 
examined, and will furnish any minister 
may need on this question. Over ;co a 
are referred to in the work. The book 
denda against tiine immersion, which we shall reply to at 
Isnglh shortly. The author argues learnedly in defense of 
immersion, and f or Ibis reason the book is of great value, but 
his single argument against the only form of baptism whose 
validity has been ur.qu' stluned in all £ges cf the Christian 
church, U without foundation. One wants nothing better in 
d fenae of trine Immersion than th; foundaticn laid in this ex- 
cellent volume, which we cheerfully recommend to our min- 
isters who desire a vast amount of material In one volume. 


JOHNSON-BR-UNK — In the College at Lordsburg, 
Dec 27. 1893, by the undersigned, Bro. Edward C. Johnson, 
formerly ol Wett Virginia, and sister Cornelia Brunk, late of 
Virginia J.S. Flory. 

STOVER-KEEFER.— At the rome of the bride's par- 
ents, near Greenwood, Cass Co., Nebr , Dec. 22, 1S92, by the 
writer, Bro. Hugh M. Stover, of Franklin County, Pa., and 
sister Anna Keefer, daughter of Moses and Mary Keefer. 
J.sseY. Heckler. 

STONE— EMMERT.— At the residence of the bride's par- 
ents, Bro. David Emmert, near Leaf River, Ogle Co., 111., 
Dec. 29, 1S92, by the undersigned, Bio. John H.Stone, of 
Michigan, and sister Agnes Emmert J. II. Moore. 

BINNS— RUBLE.— At my residence, Dec. 28, 1S92, by 
the writer, Mr. Wm. H. Binns and Miss Annie A. Ruble, 
both of near West Brownsville, Pa. N. B. Christner. 

M \RTIN— SURPLISS— At the residence of the bride's 
parents, near Sheridan, Nodaway Co , Mo , Dec. 25, 1S92, by 
the writer, Mr. Byron Martin, of Bagley, Greene Co, Iowa, 
and Miss Hattie SurpHss, of the above ramed County. 

Wm. C. Hipes. 

DkWRIGHT — CONNERS.— At the residence of Or- 
lando Harney, Mecosta Co., Mich', Dec, 23, 1893, by the un- 
dersigned, Mr. William DeWiightand Miss Rosetta Conner;, 
all of Mecosta Co, Mich. Wm. Kreigh. 

POTE-BIDDLE— In the German Baptist Brethren's 
church, Ntw Enterprise, Pa, Dec. 25, rS92, by the under- 
Andrew C. Pole, of Baler's Summit, and sister 
Drusle Blddle, of New Enterprise, Pa. C L. Buck. 

irents, Dec 21, 1S92, by the w 
nd sli : r M aggie Frazler. 



the home of the bride's 
er, Mr. Charles Wallace 
J. F.Appelman, 
At the residence of Eld. David Young, 


"The Form of Baptism." .By J. W. Brlney. Christian 
Publishing Co , St. Louis, Mo , publishers. Price, $1 00. It 
Is a well-printed volume of 29S pages. No volume has come 
to our desk this season in which we feel more deeply Inter- 
ested. One thousand dollars was offered for arguments to 
prove conclusively that Immersion U the only baptism au- 
thorized by the Bible. Mr. Biiney, a minister In the Disciple 
church, was selected to present the arguments. Thirteen ar- 

Of Mogadore, Ohk', :;nd 
Miss Ella Kurtz, of Lake, Ohio. A. J. Mishler. 

SWORD-ZILLHART.— By Lhe undersigned, at his res- 
idence, Dec. 25, 1892, Mr. Alvin Sword and Miss Addle Sri. 
Zlllhart, both of Carroll County, 111. W. H. ElSENSlSa. 

MITCHELL -HO LSOPPLE— At the residence of H. P. 
Garber, Portland, Ind., the ofticia'ing minister, Dec. 25, 1892, 
Mr. Amos Mitchell and sister Susie Holsopple. 

L Alice Garber. 

PUTERBAUGH — EWING.— At the residence of W. 
Wlngert, Bro. Ira Puterbaugh and sister Jennie E. Ewing, 
both of Cherry Grove, 111. D. B. PuraRBATJGH. 

WISLER— MILLER.— At the bride's parents, Bro. Levi 
Wisler and sister Barbara A. Miller, from Sherman County, 
Kans. J. M. Follis. 

WISE— SHEPLER.— At the residence of the bride's par- 
ents, Dec. 25, 1S92, by the writer, Mr. Daniel Wise and Miss 
Effie S. Shepler, both of Peabody, Kans. 

Geo. Strychbr. 

RUTAN-B1XLER— At my residence, near Brighton, 
Ind, Dec. ;o, r§92, by the undersigned, *Mr. Daniel Rutan 
and sister Sarah Bixler, both of Darke County, Ohio. 

N. H. Shutt. 

PENNY— KELSEY.— At my residence, near Brighton, 
Ind., Dec. 20, 1S93, by the undersigned, Mr. Ira O. Penny, 
from Lima, Ind., and' Miss* Cora E. Kelsey, from Steuben 
County, Ind,, N. H. Shutt. 

SAYER— HOFFA.— At the residence of the bride's par- 
ents, Dec. 21, r892, by the undersigned, Bro. Thomas Sayer 
and sister Maria Hoffa, both of Grundy County, Iowa. 

Stephen Johnson. 
STRICKLER— MOORE.— At the residence of the bride's 
parents, Dec. 21, r892, by the undersigned, friend Joseph 

ulckler and sister Katie MO' 

e, both of Grundy County, 
Stephen Johnson. 

Fallen Asleep. 

MOORE.— In the Warrensburgh church, Johnson Co., 
Mo , Nov. r 4> 1S92, sister Sarah Moore, nee Will, aged 68 
years, 4 months and 26 days. The deceased is of special in- 
terest to the Brotherhood as being the mother of Bro. J. H. 
Moore, widely known in church work and as editor of the 
Gospel Messenger. She was born in Shenandoah County, 
Va., June 18, 182+. In 1850 she emigrated with her husband 
and family to Woodford County, 111. After seven years the 
family moved to Cedar County, Mo., but had to leave on ac* 
count of the war. She spent most of her life on the frontier 
and endured hardships and privations known to but few. She 
lived in the Warrensburgh church since 1SS3, where she was 
esteemed for her kind, motherly, Christian spirit. Her hus- 
band, David Moore, died Aug. 15, 18S9. She leaves eight 
children living, of a family of eleven. Funeral services by 
the writer and Eld. D. M. Mohler, from 1 Pet. r : 24, 25. 

Levi Mohler. 

BABBIT.— In the bounds of the Killbuck church, Ind., 
Dec. 17, 1S92, Mary Babbit, aged S7 years, n months and 3 
diys. Services at the residence of the deceased by Eld. I. E. 
Branson and Bro. Job Mahoney from Rev. 14: 13. Sister 
Babbit was a member of the Brethren church for about five 
years. H. E. Millspaugh. 

DUBBLE— In Lanark, 111., Dec. 15, 1S92, sister Margaret^ 
Dubble, aged 59 years, 5 months and 2 days. Deceased was 
born in Washington County, Md. Her maiden name was 
Wolf. " With her husband, Joseph Dubble, she moved to Lan- 
ark a number of years ago, and has lived a consistent mem- 
ber of the church. She departed in full hope after years of 
suffering. The remains were interred at Cherry Grove, 111. 
Funeral services were conducted by Z. T. Livengood and the 
writer. D. Rowland. 

BOHN.— In Hagers'.own, Md ,. at the residence of her 
daughter, Elizabeth Deardorff, Dec. T2, r892, sister Catharine 
Bonn, widow of the late Adam Bohn. She had been falling 
for seventeen weeks and death was the result of old age. She 
was in her eighty-fourth year. She was twice married, — the 
first time to David Bovey, the second- time to Adam Bohn. 
For sixty years she was an earnest member of the German 
Baptist church. Funeral services on Wednesday morning, at 
the Broadfording church. Interment in the graveyard ad- 
joining, where services were conducted by brethren R. T. 
Pollard and A. B. Barnhart from 2 Cor. 5: 1. 1 

Martin M. Bear. 

WAGNER— In the Sugar Ridge church, Hancock Co. r 
Ohio, Dec. 15, 189:, sister Lydla Ann Wagner, aged 34 years, 
5 months and n days. Funeral services by the writer from 
Joshua. 1 : 11, second clause. E. H. Rosbnberger. 

HESS.— In the Pipe Creek church, Carroll Co, Md., Dec. 
9,1892, Bro. Jacob Hess, aged about 74 years. He leaves a 
widow, two sons, and four daughters. Interment at Pipe 
Creek, Dec. n. Occasion improved by the Brethren. 

E. W. Stoner. 

The Gospel JVlessenges 

Is the recognized organ o( the German Baptist or Brethrep'a church, 
and advocates the form oi doctrine Taught in the New Testament and; 
pleads for a return to apostolic and primitive Christianity. 

It iccognizes the New Testament as lhe only infallible rule of faith and 
practice, and maintains that Faith toward God, Repentance Irom dead 
v.'.-i ks, Regeneration of the heart and mind, baptism by Trine Immersion 
for remission of sins unto the reception ot the Holy Ghost by the laying 
on o( hands, are the means ol adoption into the household of God,— the 

It also maintains that Feet -washing, as taught la John 13, both by ex- 
ample and command o( Jesus, 3hould be observed in the church. 

That the Lord's Supper, instituted by Christ and as universally ob- 
served uy the apostles and the early Christiana, la a full meal, and, in 
connection with the Communion, should be taken in the evening or after 

That the Salutation of the Holy Kiss, or Kiss of Charity, Is binding 
upon the lollowera of Chriat. 

That War and Retaliation are contrary to the spirit and self-denying 
principles ol the religion of Jesus Christ. 

That the principle of Plain Dressing and of Non-conformity to the 
world, as taught in the New Testament, should be observed by the fol- 
lowers of Christ. 

That the Scriptural duty of Anointing the Sick with Oil, In the Name? 
cf the Lord, James 5: 14, is binding upon all Christians. 

It also advocates the church's duty to support Missionary and Tract 
Work, thua giving to the Lord for the spread of the Gospel and for the 
conversion of sinners. 

In short, it is a vindicator of all that Christ and the apostles have en- 
joined upon us, and aims, amid the conflicting theories and discords of 
modern Christendom, to point out ground that all must concede to be In- 
fallibly safe. 

\' JJ)OACCUhc fp LtrxJ> & G^ OrrxJcte>u^kfc* '4 jfrCcdx (fiattanvrt- ki*9 fydU, J« /,<#* ?-A?, Qmf. *£ x 

|yThe above principles of our Fraternity are set forth* 
on our Brethren's Envelopes." Use them I Price 15 cents 
per package; 40 cents per hundred. 

Jan 17,1893 



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List of Publications for Sale —Sent by 
Mail or Express, Prepaid. 


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C?*The following books, Sunday-school 
supplies, etc., are for sale by Hi 
ren's Publishing Co., Mt. Morris, 111., or 
Huntingdon, Pa., to whom all ordi 
bs addressed. 

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he greater ["benefit. Look at our prices 

Single subscription, one y cat 

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[ Pamphlets, ce.itly bound ii 

Synin Bool&s. 

New Tuns and Hymn Book* 

per copy, post-paid^ 

jilt edge, per copy, : 

rijflK! yooK.5 

This Is a nt-atl v-i>rit»rc^l ami well-bound 
volume of 4:6 pages, containing a well- 
written biographical sketch of Bid. James 
Qulnter and forty of his sermons. 

iphlcal part will be found quite 
: ■ , Instructive and Impret Ive No 

one can read an account of Bro. (Jul liter's 
life without feeling deeply and favorably 1m- 
pressed. The work shows how a poor 
orphan bov, by hard work, and faithfulness to 
his religions conviction., rose ItCp by Btep, 
til he reached a field of usefulness ami 

honor as broad as the Nation Itself, Chougll 
dead, his good deeds and the Impressive 
examples In piety, learning ami ImpUcltj 
will follow him for generations to coi 

The Sermon Department contains many of 
his choice sermons, which will prove exceed- 
ingly interesting and profitable reading to all, 
and especially to onr ministers and isolated, 
members. We feel that this book will fill 
long-felt want In our BrotTierhood. I?rlc 
post-paid, $1.35. 

Brbthksn's Publishing Co., 

Mt, Morris, III. 

S " vula y-Scft ool Ueq » ts i U 

Li, 1. 1 ns 
restann 1 I , F! ■■■ ■- ■ 

All for Christ. B) Thomas Carter. Every 
1 1, Han c innol help but be beneRtedby 
I this excellent work. Cloth, 65 cts. 

Ancient History.— By Charles Rollin. This 
.:, iiould '»■ In overs library. Price, 

■ ■ 
A Homilctic Encyclopedia.— By li. A. Bert- 

1 ■ 11 1 ■-. besides giving llluatri ns in 

moral ,1 ah in I ' '■■■ ol prai tti itl divinity, and a 

. ,.,, Hols Scriptur - Cloth, Sa.$o. 

Before Rn Audience— Uy Nathan Sheppard. 
1 ,-..., Eofsp 11 ial i" nefil to all who speak In pub* 
i, . ;, .,,,. the l: . ol tin will In public apeak 

Bible Teachings in Nature. By HughMaC- 

mlllan. Nature 1 the Bible nan e, bi 1 an c the 

I Eland ordained them to minister unto us, 

,„ 1 -.u,.vi, in Mi. ,ii...\.- «..i-k, Cloth, »r.7S- 

Cyclopedia of Illustrations, lly Elon Foa- 

1 .1 il; i Li11.n1;>. .1 ill ["lit Vnlllllles, two 

..1 which contain prose, and two, poetical lUustra* 

tlons. Cloth, pci volurne, IS.00, 

Cyclopedia of Sermons.— By J. Burns. This 

lill nol Intended to do away with Individ- 

-, will prove .\ valuable help to any minis- 

, I 

Events and Epochs in Religious History.— 

Procman Clarke. This work shows In 

history ol religion In the dll- 

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r WORK, 

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:is excellent work, 

o our readers, at the I . , ■ 

1b the only one of tl 
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liable. Any verse In the Btble may be readi- 
ly found by looking for any material ord In 
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crip In I ■ ■ ■ 

glvi ii as -■ ' ■■'■ ■ 
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God's Light on Dark Clouds.— By T. L. 

Cuyler, Words of Comtorl are here given to all 
ccnl i. 
God and the Future Life. — By Chas. Nord- 

[ 10 ff, a , v ii an I . "i" I ■■ irk, tn .*'ing on this 

History of the Christian Church. By Phil- 
ip! . i,. H. a irerj complete and exhaustive work 
. „ thi ■ Mbje< i. in loin volumes: price, per vol- 

John Ploughman's Talk and Pictures.— By 

i H. i in [eon, ii.' rvorl rIvci ■■ I aehrtce 

i n i „■ ,,i ,. tii ,,i qu ii' ns -.1 iii'- In language so,, ih.,t lie-ah . ruHii ll« may read and under 
I md." i, 
Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah.— By 

,;,, ,i ]■,!,-[■ :•■■; in. Ail: [U work, of especial 

i..,. ■ t t,, r.ii :■■ Btudents. Two volumi i, i lotl\, 


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ishers' lowest retail price by the Brethren's 
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Illustrated with ma 
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live Sunday-school teacher, 

Che Story of the Bible. —An excellent volume toi 
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r paper Is designed for the Sunday-school and tin 
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y higher-priced works. Price, cloth, 
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linter and McConn^l Debate.— A debateon Trine 
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tains the harmony ol the Gospels, Chronology, 
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Record, eight elegant illustrations, -*- 
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A new edition of this deservedly-popular 
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. iuns. as the title Indicates, contain 

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Doctrine of the Brethren Defended. 

Thjs work contains a complete exposltii 
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Complete catalogue of all kinds of clothing 
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The Gospel Messenger. 

' Set for the Defense of the Gospel," 

Vol. 31, Old Serin 

Mt. Morris, lit., and Huntingdon, Pa., Jan. 24, 1898. 

The Gospel Messenger. 

H. B. Brumba 

Cgf~ As the Toung Disable and the Quarterlies are publish- 
ed at ML Morris, orders for thern and Sunday-school sup- 
plies should be sent to that office. 

Table of Contents, 

Can it beTrne? By Gertrude A. Flory, 50 

Essays, — 

Primitive Christianity, as Understood and Practiced by 
the Brethren. By H. C. Early. Repentance.— 

Part 2, 50 

Immortality. By M. J. McClure. No. 1, 50 

Who is it? By C. H. Balsbaugh, 51 

Select Reading. By Samuel Murray, 52 

The Coming of Christ. By Leah Replogle, 52 

The Token of Our Dlscipleship. By John M. Kline,. .53 

Conversions. By Noah Longanecker,. 53 

The Clipper and Secret Societies, 53 

Missionary and Tract Work Department, — 

Receipts of General Missionary Committee for Decem- 
ber, 1S92 54 

- . The Work at Deover. ByJ.S. MohUr, ^4 

Work rit AMfefatn, Ps. By J. F. Oiler, 54 

Rules for Young Life. By Lavlnla Stoner, 54 

"If I Were You." By W. M. Lyon, 55 

Shall We be Held Accountable? By Rachel E. Gillett, 55 

Baltimore Bible School 55 


Items, 49. 56. 57 

Huntingdon Bible Tefm, 49 

Not of the Same Church, 57 

College Principals and Advisory Elders, 57 

Editorial Wanderings in the Old World. No. 28 57 

Writing for the Press, 59 

Correspondence, 59, Co 

Notes from Our Correspondents, 60,61 

Literary Notices, 62 

Matrimonial 62 

Fallen Asleep 62 

Advertisements, 63, 64 

At the request of a number of onr Eastern 
brethren, we, this week, give a program of the 
work we expect to do during onr coming Bible 
Term. We are going to extra labor to make the 
work a success, not because it will be, in aDy way, 
a financial advantage to those who will conduct it, 
but because there is a need felt among our minis- 
ters and church workers for advantages .of this 
kind, that they may become more effective work- 
ers for the Master. To help a little in so good a 
cause, we are willing to spend and be spent, hop- 
ing that, as a result, the church and the cause, we 
all so dearly love, may be promoted. We are 
glad that the interest in Bible study is growing, 
not only on the part of our ministry, but aieo in 
our Sunday-school workers, and others, who wish 
more fully to consecrate their lives to the great 
work of saving souls. Hence, to meet the grow- 
ing demand, we have widened the course of in- 
struction, and all, who wish to come, may come 
and are invited to come. There is no other way 
in which you can spend four weeks and get such 
large returns as you can by attending the Bible 
Term. Oome, and we will do all we can to make 
it pleasant and profitable for you. 


The fourth annual session of the Bible Term 
will open iu the Normal College Buildings on 
Monday, Jan. 30, and continue iu session four 
weeks. The work will be conducted under the 
following divisions: 

division 1. 

I. Biblical Characters, including: (1) Their life 
and history. (2) Biblical History. (3) Biblical 
Geography. This Course will give as complete a 
knowledge of Biblical History as can be given in 
the time named. 

II. The Elements of Biblical Interpretation. 
(1) Different Methods of Interpretation. (2) 
Primary Usage of Words and bow Their Meaning 
Becomes Changed. ( 3 ) Synonyms. (4) Thi 
Grammatico-historical sense. (5) Comparison of 
Parallel Passages. (6) Figurative Language. 
(7) Similes, Metaphors, Fables, Riddles, and 
Enigmas. (8) The Interpretation of Parables 
(9) The Interpretation of Allegories. (10) The 
Interpretation of Types, Symbols, Dreams, etc. 
All these are Biblical constructions and can be 
made simple to the ordinary Bible student by us- 
iog a little study and tuought, 

III. The Introduction of Christianity, as gtvon 
in the Acts and the Epistolary Writings. Under 
this head will be given the practical expression of 
the religion of Christ, as lived and acted by its 
propagators. Conducted by H. B. Brumbaugh. 


1. Elocution, including Bible and hymn read, 

2. Homiletics. 

3. Exegetical study of one of the Epistles — like- 
ly James. 

The work of this division might be embraced 
under the general term of lf Original Conception." 

It is not easy to explain here just what is meant 
by this. LaBt year we had some exercises in Elo- 
cution and Homiletics, which seemed to be well 
received. This work, proposed for the present 
term, is designed to include both of the above, and 
a good deal more. It is designed to teach not on- 
ly how to express a thought but also how to get 
the thought. If the conception of a truth be 
clear, the expression of it will generally take care 
of itself. 

That which will best attract any interested Sun- 
day-school teacher or a congregation is the fresh 
and living conceptions drawn from God's own 
symbols— namely, his work and his Word. The 
truth of God's Word is best learned and easiest 
taught from the common things around us, just as 
Christ taught his great lessons from the lilies, the 
fish, the leaven, the eower, the nets, etc. 

This work, for the most part, is to be done by 
the members of the class, thus giving them daily 
drill in the pleasing and profitable exercise of 
learning and teaching truth, which, it is believed, 
will prove helpfnl to every Christian in whatever 
channel his or her labors and life may move. 

Along with this, attention will be given to the 
logical and methodical treatment of Scripture 
texts and Scripture lessons, Bible reading, etc. 
If it is found profitable, two periods daily will be 

given to this work. Otherwise, some exegetical 
work in one of the Epistles will be taken up. 

Condncted by W. J. Swigart. 
division III. 
I. A study of the life of Christ, us found in the 
four Gospels, under the following heads: 

(1) The Time of Preparation. 

(2) His Public Ministry. 

(3) The Week of Suffering. 

( 4 ) The Time after his Resurrection. 

In the above course attention will be given to 
Chronology, the Institutions and Geography of 
the New Testament. 

It. Sunday-school Teachers' Department. 

In this department the " Outline Normal Les- 
sons," as given by J. L. Hurlburt, will be followed 
and the following topics will be discussed: 

(1) Teachers' Qualifications. 

(2) Teachers' Preparation. 

(3) Principles of Instruction. 

(4) Methods of Instruction. 

(5) The Scope and Aim of the Sunday-school. 
In addition to the above the lessons of the Sec- 
ond Qaarter will be studied as time will permit, 

Conducted by J. B. Brumbaugh. 

While the above represents the general courses 
that will be pursued, there may be some devia- 
tions so as to accommodate, as far as possible, all 
who may come. And in addition to these, music, 
both vocal and instrumental, will be taught at 
reasonable charges. 

In addition to the regular day studies, there 
will be sermons and lectures each evening by eld- 
ers I. D. Parker, J. T. Myers, James A. Sell and 
others, on such subjects as will be most edifying 
and entertaining to those who will be in attend- 

Our object is to make the session such as will 
be adapted to the wants of all our brethren and 
sisters who are interested in Bible study and 
church work. Ministers, deacons, Sunday-school 
workers, and Bible students,— all are invited to 

The book needed will be the Bible. If you 
have Bible Dictionary, Bible History, Life of 
Christ, and can do so, bring them along. 

The expenses during the term will be $3.00 per 
week, including boarding, room and tuition. Those 
who come for a fraction of a week will be charged 
60 cents per day. These terms are made very 
low and cover only the actual expenses. 

Exouksion Rates. — We have made an effort to 
get general excursion rates, but have not been 
able to do so from the fact that most of our min- 
isters have clerical tickets and others use the 
thousand mile books, thus making the number, 
who are not provided for, too small to come with- 
in the excursion regulations. However, where, at 
any one station, ten or more can get together, ex- 
cursion rates will be given, so that, if those com- 
ing would make it a point to get together at the 
time of starting, this advantage can be had. 

As soon as yon decide on coming, please drop 
us a card, stating the number that will be with 
you, so that sufficient accommodations may be pro- 
vided. Address, H. B. Brumbaugh, Huntingdon, 



* Study to show thyself approved unto Cod ; 


Can It be true, Dearest Father, 

That thou art yearning for those, 
Who long to dwell In thy presence, 

And rest In thy sweet repose? 
To drink from the precious fountain 

Which from thy loving heart flows, 
Into our hearts' deep recesses 

Soothing our sorrows and woes? 
Can It be true, fair, sweet heaven, 

That thou art homesick for all, 
Who are weary of eartli and its sadnes 

And sin's dark tyrannic thrall? 
Who long for the harp and mamion 

Where never a shadow falls 
To darken the wondrous glory 

That plays en its jeweled walls? 
Then call me, O Holy Father! 

My heart is calling for thee. 
Take me, O fairest heaven! 

And keep me eternally! 
For I am longing and waiting; 

Ol bid me come unto thee, 
And bask In thy smile of welcome, 

The bliss of eternity! 
La Porte, hid. 


. which they refer.] 

BY H. 0. EARLY. 

ceive the gilt of the Holy Ghosi."— Acts a: 38. 

Part T:vo. 


(a) It brings the sinner "to himself." The 
unconvicted sinner is beside himself. He is out 
of his right mind. He is spiritually deranged, 
bb is abundantly proven by hiB conduct. That 
he may see himself on the one hand, and God on 
the other, his derangement must be corrected. 
This is done when God's Spirit, through the in- 
strumentality of the "Written "Word, brings heav- 
en's message to his poor heatt. This is to place 
the sinner before the divine looking-glass in a 
revolving attitude that he sees himself on all 
sides. He looks with an intent gaze, and cries 
out, "O wretched man that I am!" He never 
saw himself as such a wretch. He now sees 
himself aB a Binner, sin as exceeding sinful, and 
the mercies and goodness of God as moving men. 
This is man's supreme need in order to repent- 

It is to be observed that the prodigal con- 
tinued to get farther and farther away from his 
father's house, until " he came to himself." He 
then said, " I will arise." This was the turning 
point He now sees himself as he really is, — a 
miserable wretch, undone, wandering away from 
home and plenty. In other words, he is restored 
to his right mind which enables him to know 

When Paul blasphemed the name of God, and 
persecuted the Christians even to strange cities, 
he did it " ignorantly," 1 Tim. 1: 13, but he waB 
brought "to himself" when he fell to the ground 
under the over-powering light from heaven, and 
"trembling and astonished" he was made to cry 
out, " Lord, what wilt thou have me to do? " No 
wonder he trembled and was astonished, for he 

had never seen himself before. And what a 
sight to burst upon himl He now sees himself 
as the "chief" of sinneis, in a frenzy of trans- 
gression, mad in sin, fighting against God, going 
straight away from heaven. The Pentecostians, 
when " pricked in their hearts " until they cried 
out to know what to do, were brought " to them- 
selves," which enabled them to realize that they 
were in need. Man must be brought "to him- 

(o) A realization of the poverty of human nat- 
ure. Reaching the point in life at which ac- 
countability sets in, and securing "the portion of 
goods that falls to us," we start off from the Fa- 
ther's house, feeling rich, and thinking that we 
have need of nothing. But alasl how soon all 
this proves to be no more than a dream, or one of 
Satan's delusions, when we are forced to see that 
we are " wretched, and miserable, and poor, and 
blind, and naked," What a sad, sad picturel 
This is the "mighty famine" in the "far coun- 
try." And yet we travel a very short time in 
reaching this famine-stricken land, — the home of 
starvation and death. How important that the 
"blind" runaway is made to know when he gets 
into this region I 

Look again at the prodigal: "And he began to 
be in want." How stinging to the heart of a boy 
who never knew want. "He went and joined 
himself to a citizen of that country; and he sent 
him into his fields to feed swine. The boy 
would "fain (gladly) have filled his belly with 
the husks that the swine did eat: and no man 
gave unto him." What a rasping experience of 
poverty! Poor boy, how destitutel He would 
have been glad for even the "husks." But not 
even that much was given. He drinks the cup to 
the very dregs. Sorely, "the way of the trans- 
gressor is hard." Human nature in its strength 
and promise is nothing. In man there is no 
strength to deliver, nor wealth to repay. It is so 
important that we realiza how poor we are in our 
sins. May the sinner realize thiB to a degree 
that will make the sense lasting. 

(c) A sense of the fullness of the Father's house, 
Amid the cutting and humiliating experiences 
of consuming want, far away in Bin's distant land, 
a pleasant recollection Bprang up in 1 he mind of 
the prodigal. The thought of home, with its com- 
forts and bounties, came to him as an angel of 
peace. He cries, "How many hired servants of 
my father's have bread enough and to spare, and 
I perish with hunger." He not only sees the 
poverty on the one side, but he also sees the ful- 
ness on the other. When we have plunged deep 
in sin with its awful consequences, how blessed 
that our minds are lifted to Bee there is some- 
thing better, — not starvation, but bread and to 
spare. Oar experiences bring us in full view of 
both sides at the same time. We look at our- 
selves and we look beyond. On the one side we 
see uiter destitution, on the other infinite fulness. 
Human poverty; divine fullness! Extremes,— oh 
how wide! Famine and poverty; enough and to 
spare! Faraway from home, in biting distress; 
heaven with its eternal fullness! What a con- 
trast, and how the poor sinner vibrates between! 
If the hirelings have to spare, what must be 
the share of the direct and immediate heirs? 
Abundance! Abundance! ! Why should men 
starve to death when there is bread inexhausti- 
ble? Repentance is the key that unlocks the Fa- 
ther's store-house of infinite and eternal supplies. 

(d) Sorrow for sin is another important con- 
sideration. Here we muBt bear in mind the dif- 
ference between sorrow and repentance, and also 
"godly sorrow" and "worldly sorrow." Some, — 
in fact, many, — think sorrow for sin is repent- 
ance. Not so. Paul does not say so. He says 
it "works repentance." We get the idea more 

clearly when we say, it "leads" to repents: 
Rom. 2: 4, Because it " works repentance," i 
one and the same with repentance? Is ' 
which leads to a thing one with the thing its 
Oholera works death. Is cholera death? } 
row is one thing, repentance another, and w 
the former is put for the latter, a fatal mistak 
made. Man never repents without sorrow, 
may have sorrow without repentance. 
Meyerhoeffer" s Store, Va. 



Number One. 

Why the Creator made man a triune be 
part of dust, part intelligent, reasoning, inta: 
ble, yet each, in a great measure dependent u 
the other, is something that has never been 
vealed, but that such is a fact does not need 
proof. Why God committed an emanation f: 
himself to the custody of this part earth be 
and then met and associated with man aB he 
is a problem never solved. Why the All-i 
placed before this being, partly weak and p 
ly strong, such a momentous issue, as was < 
tained in that first law, eternity alone can 1 
Yet that all this was done is a truism. It is > 
a strange fact that the very first command gi 
contained life and death. From the emmeia' 
of that law until now, mankind has been end( 
oring to comprehend the possibilities, and r 
the destiny of this being, called man. 

The life and death issue is still as promii 
as in the first age, and with many, as little 
derstood, although, in that issue, lies the desti 

When we remember that man is composed 
materials so widely different, one of earth, anc 
er from God, — one made an image, an. ot 
after a likeness, — it seems difficult to concl 
that life and death would mean exactly the si 
to both parts. 

That whatever would prolong the life, or ca 
death for one part, would have exactly the et 
effect on the other part, seems impossible, 
careful analysis of this problematic being r 
aid us in arriving at a solution. 

When God gathered dust together and moL 
it into what he called his image, that part ' 
done. Then he named it. Whether man co 
breathe or not, the Bible does not Bay, neit 
does it say that the beasts could breathe, yet tl 
undoubtedly did. The name man distinguisl 
that creature from all others. He was hig 
than all others, because he was made in the 
age of his Creator, yet man was and is sustaii 
by earth's products, like all other earthly beir 
I have failed to find in writing, divine or hum 
in observation or experience, that there is i 
difference in the thing that was named man, i 
other creatures, except the form and name, — a< 
dent, abuse, disease, old age, will kill all alike. 

But the phenomenal part of man's history e 
begins. God "breathed into his nostrils 
breath of life, and man became a living soul." 
is sheer nonsense, nay, almost sacrilege, to i 
that the breath of God conveyed only the sa 
life that the lower creatures had. Inferer 
reason and subsequent facts go to prove that 
had that already. There were greater things 
store for this being than the others, grander 
compliBhments, a holier existence, a glorious d 
tiny possible. 

In order to arrive at all thiB, more than ot. 
creatures had, was needed, and more was giv 
The thing was a man before the breath of C 
was received, — it was a living soul afterward. 
was the image of God before; it was "after 
own likeness" afterward. The life was vae 

Jan. 24 1893 




different. To eat, to sleep, to be controlled in 
action is earthly. To understand, to reason, to 
judge, to will, are component parts that are God- 
like. To appreciate and love are attributes di- 
vine. These are attributes c£ God, and are dis- 
coverable only in those who bear the image and 
likeness of the Creator. Attributes are not God. 
Attributes exist as long as the being to whom 
they belong exists. Grief, pain and sickness ex- 
ist as long as the body, or image, exists, because 
they are earthly attributes. The other attributes 
named are divine, and exist on in the eternal 
world,— are deathless, immortal. 

Earthly attributes are not the body. Mental 
attributes are not the soul. Eternal and immor- 
tal are not synouymons terms. Anything that is 
immortal cannot die. Anything eternal never 
began and can never end. 

Earth life begins and ends. The life commu- 
nicated by the Creator brought with it the like- 
ness of the attributes divine; then man became a 
something, unknown before on earth. Every- 
thing God ever made haB a form, whether in 
physic3,.or philosophy, or psychology. Nothing 
can exist without form. What the form of the 
sonl is, and what its texture, has engaged the at- 
tention of mighty minds for ages, and the mys- 
tery is as great now as ever. But that such a 
thing exists is as true as the remainder of the 
Bible, and, like all other Bible truths, must be ac- 
cepted because God said so. 

It pleased God to so connect the life of the 
body and the life of the soul as to make them, in 
a measure, dependent, one upon the other, at 
least as far as all performance is concerned, ei- 
ther beneficial, or otherwise. 

Another vital difference between man and oth- 
er animals ia, that man is held to strict account 
for all his acts, and rewards and punishments are 
held before him as incentives to action. Accord- 
ing to his deeds will Mb future be. 

All the laws, except one provision, that God 
ever gave to man exist, and are in force to-day, 
in all essential features. Circumstances have 
changed, and forms have changed, but principles 
never change. In the beginning Gcd provided 
earthly food for the sustenance of the earthly 
body, and placed it before the man. The one es- 
pecial provision made was the tree that bore a 
fruit that had the peculiar property of makiDg 
that image immortal. 

Then God enunciated a'law that called into ac- 
tive use the mental faculties. " Of every tree of 
the garden thou mayest freely eat: but of the 
tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou ahalt 
not eat of it, for in the day that thou eatest there- 
of, thou Bhalt surely die." Gen. 2: 16, 17. In 
Gen. 3: 1-7 the enemy of God and man presents 
his sophistry, mankind succumbs, the law is vio- 
lated, and the penalty awaits. 

But mark the revelation of a remarkably 
strange combination: This earthly, food for an 
earthly man, this divine law, appealing direct to 
a part of the same being that emanated from the 
divine source. The food would have a direct ef- 
fect on the body, and, at the same time, have an 
effect equally as potent, though in the abstract, 
upon the soul. To the first its effect might be 
profitable in maintaining its strength and satis- 
fying its taste for the beautiful, yet upon the 
other the effect was to produce dire consequen- 
ces. The body would masticate and assimilate. 
In the mental part, the understanding would re- 
ceive the sophistry, the reason would consider 
the arguments as presented, the judgment would 
conclude to accept and try, and the will would 
decide all by moving the hand to take the frnit. 

AH this reveals the strange fact, that the 
tastes, desires, and actB are so peculiarly com- 
bined, that the effects and results are largely 

identical— a mutual dependence and influence eo 
great, aud still the material and make so vastly 
different, and the origin as widely separated as 
heaven and earth. Truly, great is the mystery 
of manl 



Acquaintance often diminishes our estimate of 
people. The better we know, the less we admire. 
When intimacy deepens respect and tightens the 
clamps of sffection, it is because we more and 
more discover beauties aud resources unseen be- 
fore. There is One whom we cannot exhaust. 
Great souls are prized by all appreciative minds. 
But only One has infinite depths whose ever-un- 
folding revelations can aafiefy and develop and 
perfect all finite immortals. To know Him in the 
deepest sense in which knowledge is possible, is 
eternal life. He is ready to verify all the titles 
by whioh he is revealed in the Saored Page. All 
his Jehovah names are pledged to faith for the 
supply of all our needs. Philpp. 4: 19. 

He is God. He is Man. Has the exact con- 
scionsneBB of both. Forever satisfies the human 
it of the divine in himself. Always ready to 
do the same for us. Thousands of low-plane 
Christians laugh at the idea of asking God to 
take charge of our entire being with all its rela- 
tione, and interests, and necessities. They eat 
and drink, and smoke and chew, and covet and 
grab, as if they had no souls; and work and 
hoard, as if there was no heaven; and lust and 
live unto themselves, as if there was no cross, and 
as if likeness to Jesus were only a beautiful myth 
which no sane person dreams of realizing. Not 
bo reads the high oalliDg of God. " They that 
are Christ's have crucified the flesh with the af- 
fections and lusts." "God forbid that I should 
_ lory, save in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, 
by whom the world is crucified unto me, and I 
unto the World." Gal. 5: 24; 6: 14. 

So to be identified with the Crucified, is to be 
ready for Christian baptism. The only symbol 
of this which God has authorized, is trine im- 
mersion. But this is only representative of a 
death and burial and resurrection of vastly deep- 
er and more abiding significance. The "life hid 
with Christ in God" is the reality of which bap- 
tism is the emblem. No one is fit for burial in 
the likeness of Christ's death nnless taken from 
the cross after having died with Him. This 
makes the rite as solemn as the Eucharist. 1 
Cor. 11: 27, 29. What is signified by baptism af- 
fects our entire being, and all its manifestations. 
Life precedes action; and the miniature germ 
which the Holy Spirit imparts, has in it all the 
elements and possibilities of eternal evolution. 
To this there is no exception from the very Son 
of God down to the midge and, ephemera. 

The same spirit that descended visibly on Je- 
sus at his baptism, also overshadowed the virgin 
mother. Whoever expects to find his first pulse 
of divine life in baptism, will come out of the 
water as he goes in,— o sinner. The bread we j 
eat not only sustains life, but is appropriated by 
life. Dead people want no food. The may in I 
Paul's prayer, Philpp. 3: 10, is connected with 
verse nine; while the might in verse eleven is 
connected with the consummation of verse twen- 

What has all this to do with your question, — 
" Who is the IeaBt and who is the greatest in the 
kingdom of heaven?" Matt. 11: 11. "Much 
every way." No one can be baptized into the 
likeness of Christ's death without that state of 
mind which is so vividly expressed in Mark 9: 35, 
and Philpp. 2: 7. Is it not the established order 

of the kingdom, that only the little can become 
great? How many of us have faithfully pon- 
dered the soul-disEecting significance of 2 Cor. 
8: 9? Only those who abase themselves can be 
exalted. Feet-washing was instituted to empha- 
size this fundamental truth. It was already sym- 
bolized in baptism; but it needed a new, impres- 
sive form, to bring out more clearly to the minds 
of the seltexalting disciples, how utterly incon- 
sistent their selfish wrangli D g was with the object 
of Christ's mission on earth. He revealed to 
them by that act, how little Be oould become, 
how low Tie oould stoop, and how much qreater 
He was than they. Only God knows how to be 
the very least. 

John was the greatest of woman born, in oflice 
and character. But there was One greater than 
he, and only One. And he was also the least, 
because no one umld touch the deepest abysB of 
humiliation, iguomy, and self-renunoiation, but 
God Incarnate. "No reputation." There stood 
Christ " Far above all principality and power." 
Eph. 1: 21. This is "this same Jesus." The 
least" in Matt. 11: 11, and the self-emptying of 
Philpp. 2: 7, dovetail. So do the "qreater," and 
Philpp. 2: 9, 10, 11. 

To exclude John from "the kingdom of heav- 
en," and assign him a purely legal mission, is a 
flat contradiction of the Holy Oracles. Mark 1: 
1, 2, 3, and Luke 16: 16. John wbb as truly in 
the new kingdom as the twelve apostles. If not, 
Christ had a Levitical induction into His oflioe, 
and is no example for Pentecostal Christians. In 
ActB 2: 2, 3, 4 we have the full-blown flower of 
which Matt. 3: 1-5 is the bud. The Baptist 
showed his greatness in John 3: 27-30, as no- 
where else. Jesus exhibited both His abase- 
ment and majesty on the cross. No one ever de- 
scended so low, and no one ever ascended so 
high. Ecce Homo! Ecce Deus. Thorn-crowned 
before Pilate: glory-crowned at the right hand of 
the Majesty on high." Going down into the dust 
a reputed criminal; riBing from the sepulohre 
King of kings and Lord of lords. Eph. 4: 9, 10. 
To be less than a veritable scape-goat for the 
sins of the whole world is impossible. 

To be greater than capable of exhausting Bin's 
utmost penalty for every eon and daughter of hu- 
manity, and then rise as triumphantly as though 
sin had never touched him, is equally impossi- 
ble. The least in the kingdom of heaven is 
greater than all humanity and angelhood com- 
bined. God wrapped in swaddling clothes and 
lying in a manger; God sweating blood, and ex- 
piring on the cross, dealt with by earth and 
heaven as chief of sinners I Who oan fathom this 
bottomless mystery of condescension and self-im- 
molation? The son of Mary, the Nazarene car- 
penter, the scourged, buffeted, beslavered victim 
of Golgotha, sitting in supreme royalty on the 
throne of universal empire, glorified with all the 
fullness of Godheadl Is He not Greatest as well 
as Least? 

And now "let us hear the conclusion of the 
whole matter: " " Let this mind be in ioc which 
was also in Chbist Jesds." "If any man have 
| not the SriBiT of Chbist, he is none of His." 
Philpp. 2: 5, and Bom. 8: 9. "Let us not lust 
after evil things," as others have done, " lest we 
fall into the condemnation of the devil." 1 Cor. 
10: 6; 1 Tim. 3: 6. When Jesus died, he died 
wholly. He reserved nothing. This ia the 
ground of the wherefore in Philpp. 2: 9. Our 
identity with Him in HiB death is the ground of 
the "also" in Bom. 8: 17, and 2 Tim. 2: 11, 12. 

Only the "little ones," who share the crosB 
with all its shame and self-annihilation, can ever 
realize the fulfillment of the Great Sacerdotal 
Prayer. John 17: 24. The whole economy of 
God in all its dispensations, is to teach us the hard 


Jan. 24, 1883. 

lesson of Matt. 5: 41, and perfect us in tko Beati- 
tude of Matt. 5: 48. "Of such is the kingdom 

Union Deposit, Fa. 



The Son. Isa. 9: fi. "For unto us a child is 
born, unto us a son is given: and the government 
shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be 
called Wonderfnl, Counsellor, The mighty God, 
The everlasting Father, the Prince of Peace." 

Jesus a King. Acts 2: 30. "Therefore being 
a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with 
an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, ac- 
cording to the flesh, he would raise up ChriBt to 
sit on his throne." 

Jesus a Prophet Acts 3: 22, 23. " For MoBes 
truly Baid unto the fathers, A Prophet, shall the 
Lord your God raise up unto yon of your breth- 
ren, like unto me; him shall ye hear in all thiDgB 
whatsoever he shall say unto yon. And it shall 
come to pass, that every soul, which will not hear 
that Prophet, shall be destroyed from among the 

Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; 
and the gates of hell Bhall not prevail against it." 
Matt. 7: 24 "Therefore whosoever heareth 
these sayings of mine, and doeth them, I will 
liken him unto a wise man, which built his house 
upon a rock." 1 Oor. 10: 3, 4. "And did all eat 
the same spiritual meat; and did all drink the 
same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spir- 
itual Rock that followed them: and that Eock was 

Christ the Foundation and the Bead. 1 Pet. 
2: 5-8. "Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a 
spiritual house, a holy priesthood, to offer up 
spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus 
Christ. Wherefore also it is contained in the 
Scripture, Behold, I lay in Sion a chief corner 
stone, elect, precious: and he that believeth on 
him Bhall not be confounded. Unto you there- 
fore which believe he is precious; but unto them 
which be disobedient, the stone which the build- 
ers disallowed, the same is made the head of the 
corner. And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of 
offence, even to them which stumble at the word, 
being disobedient: whereunto also they were ap- 

River, Ind. 

The name given before bom. Matt. 1: 21-23. 
" And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt 
call his name JESUS: for he shall save his peo. 
pie from their sins. Now all this was done, that 
it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the 
Lord by the prophet, saying, Behold, a virgin 
shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, 
and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which 
being interpreted is, God with us." 

Jesus o Son and King. John 1: 49. "Na- 
thanael answoved and saith unto him, Rabbi, thou 
art the Son of God; thou art the King of Israel." 
Jesus called the Son of Man. Luke 9: 22. 
"Saying, The Son of man must suffer many 
things, and be rejected of the eldera and chief 
priests and scribes, and be slain, and be raised 
the third day." 

Jesus the Door. John 10: 7-9. "Then said 
Jesus unto them again, Verily, verily, I say unto 
you, I am the door of the sheep. All that ever 
came before me are thieves and robbers: but the 
sheep did not hear them. I am the door: by me 
if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall 
go in and out, and lind pasture." 

Jesus the Shepherd. John 10: 27-29. 
sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they 
follow me: and 1 give unto them eternal life 
they shall never perish, neither shall any man 
pluck them out of my hand. My Father, which 
gave them me, is greater than all; and no man is 
able to pluck them out of my Father's hand." 

Jesus the Son of God. Matt. 3 : 13-17. " Then 
cometh Jesus from Galilee to Jordan unto Johu, 
to be baptized of him. But John forbade him, 
saying, I have need to be baptized of thee, and 
comestthouto me? And Jesus answering said 
unto him, Suffer it to be so now: for thus it be- 
cometh ub to fulfil all righteousness. Then he 
Buffered him. And Jesus, when he was baptized, 
went up straightway out of the water: and, lo, the 
heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the 
Spirit of God descending like a dove, and light- 
ing upon him: and lo a voice from heaven, saying, 
This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well 

Jesus a Rock. Matt. 16: 15-18. "He saith 
unto them, But whom say ye that I am? And 
Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the 
Christ, the Son of the living God. And Jesus 
answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, 
Simon Bar-jona: for flesh and blood hath not re- 
vealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in 
And I say also unto thee, That thou art 


" Behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall 
be to all people. For unto you is born this day In the city of 
David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord."— Luke 2: 10, 

"Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heav 
this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into hea- 
shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go 
heaven." — Acts I: II. 

Beading the account of the first coming, as 
given in Luke 2, we notice, first, the message to 
the shepherds, " There were in the same country 
shepherds abiding in the field, keeping watch 
over their flock by night. And, lo, the angel of 
the Lord came upon them." Suddenly he an- 
nounced to them the good tidings of the birth of 
Christ. These shepherds were representative 
men, faithful, watchful, abiding in the field at 
night, and, like the wise men in the east, looking 
for the star of Bethlehem. They did not expect 
to reoeive the good tidings from angels, but from 
men, but the Lord honored them by a revelation 
of his glory through the heavenly messengers. 
The coming of Christ as a Savior had long been 
foretold, but the prophecy was heeded only by a 
few, and only these few were ready to receive the 
announcement of his birfch. 

Now we are told that this same Jesus shall 
come again; and "unto them that look for him 
shall he appear the second time without sin unto 
salvation." Heb. 9: 28. Are we looking for this 
second coming of Jesus? Are we waiting for it? 
Do we love the appearing of Christ? A crown of 
righteousness ie promised to them that love hie 
appearing. This is a subject in which the disci- 
ples of Jesus ought to be deeply interested. 

The next thought is, Are we ready for the com- 
ing of Christ? Have we made the necessary 
preparation? If we have not, we should lose no 
time, and spare no efforts to do so. We have all 
the directions given in his Holy Word. When 
we are ready for an event, then we love its ap- 
pearing. "Therefore be ye also ready: for in 
such an hour as ye think not the Son of man 
cometh." Matt. 24: 44. 

Since we know not the exact time of his com 
ing, it is of the utmost importance that we be in 
constant readiness. We are told a little of the 
signs of his coming. The world shall be as it 
was in the days of Noah, and of Lot. There 
shall be signs in the sun, and in the moon, and in 
the stars; and upon the earth, distress of nations, 

with perplexity, the sea and waves roaring. Ton 
may draw your own conclusions as to how many 
of these signs have gone into fulfillment. The 
time, evidently, ie near at hand, therefore we 
ought to be ready. We are told that as a thief 
it will come upon all the earth. We understand 
it will come as a thief upon those who are not 
ready for it, but not upon those who are looking 
for it. 

Paul, in his epistle to the TheBsaloniana, says, 
"But ye, brethren, are not in darkness, that that 
day should overtake you as a thief." That which 
we are constantly looking for cannot come upon 
us as a thief, therefore we are told to watch, leBt 
Christ, at his coming, Bhould find us sleeping. 
This does not refer to the sleep in death, " for 
them which sleep in Jesus will God bring with 
him." It refers to the cold, careless, indifferent 
spirit that is not interested in the coming of Christ, 
The second advent will be attended by angels. 
The first was ushered in by angels, so will the 
second be. In the first advent the shepherds saw 
the glory of the Lord as revealed by his angels; 
in the second, the glory of the Father and the 
Son will be revealed to all thoBe who witness his 
coming. "He will come with great power and 
glory." Have you ever thought of the greatness 
and the grandeur, and glory of the coming of 
Christ? We travel thousands of miles to see 
things of beauty and interest, to meet large as- 
semblies, and to see people of note; but here will 
be an assembly of people that no man oan num- 
ber, beauty and interest beyond anything that we 
can conceive of, noted people of all ages of the 
world, and above everything else, God with his 
holy angels. Every race, and'people, and nation, 
and country upon the earth will be represented 
there. " Darkest Africa " will be there, and we 
shall recognize her too, but the darkness will be ' 
taken away, and instead, there will be a great 
light. The coming of Christ will be a j'oyful re- 
union. Then will the angel's message be realized, 
" Behold, I bring yon good tidings of great j'oy." 
It will also be a great coronation; Jesus will be 
crowned. It will be attended by heavenly music. 
The song of the angels will be repeated with, at 
least, an additional chorus. 

In the midst of all this grandeur we shall see 
Jesus, our coming King. We shall see the King 
of Glory, as he reviews the victorious soldiers of 
the croBB in this reunion. A crowned king is a 
grand sight; the crown itself is an object of inter- 
est, for the crown represents the power of the 
kingdom. Here will ' be not only the King of 
kings, crowned with majesty and honor and glory, 
far above all the kings of the earth, but all hie 
subjects will be crowned. The coronation of a 
king is a great event, but think of a king crown- 
ing his subjects; no person has ever witnessed 
such a scene. There will be a variety of crowns, 
too, such as the crown of rejoiciDg, 1 Thess. 2: 19; 
the crown of righteousness, 2 Tim. 4: 8; the crown 
of life, James 1: 12, and the crown of glory, 1 
Pet. 5: 4. Best of all, we shall not only be 
crowned with Jesus, " but we know that when he 
Bhall appear, we shall be like him." Like Jesus, 
we cannot comprehend how much that means. 
In greatness, and grandeur, and interest, and 
power, and glory, the second advent of Christ 
will transcend everything that we can think of! 
Are we ready for this great event? Are we, like 
the shepherds of Bethlehem, abiding in the field, 
keeping watch over the flock by night? Let us 
not leave the field, though it should grow very 
dark. The deepest darkness is just before the 
dawning. Watch over the flock; bring in the lost 
ones. Go out in the mountains, and plains, and 
deserts, and hasten to gather the lost sheep, for 
the Great Shepherd is coming. Bring them from 
the mountains and plains of Europe and Asia, 

Jan. 24, 1893 


from the jangles of Africa, and from the islands 
of the sea. Bring them into the fold of the 
Good Shepherd! 

Watch for the morning; soon we shall see the 
dawning of that glorious day. Continue in 
prayer, looking for that blessed hope and the 
glorious appearing of the Great God, and our 
Savior Jesus Christ. Titus 2 : 13. 

" And when the battle's over, 
We shall wear a crown, 
Yes, we shall wear a crown." 



ft By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples, If ye 
have love one to another." — John 13: 35. 

Love is the sign or badge of our fidelity to 
Christ. "We do not mean that love which simply 
manifests itself in words, but love that prompts 
to actions, — the love that the Apostle Paul speaks 
of in 1 Cor. 13. 

Love is a divine attribute. In love God mani- 
fested himself to the world. John 3: 16. It was 
not faimply in words, for he did not only look 
down and see the needs and wants of poor, sinful 
man, but gave the life of his only-begotten Son. 
Here it is that we see the wonderful love of God. 
The whole human family needs a Savior, and he 
is given for all. Those who believe shall not 
periBh, but have everlasting life. The many do 
not appreciate the merits of Christ's atoning 
blood. How many of us, seeing a family in need 
of daily food and raiment, would be willing to 
give money to that family, knowing beforehand 
that the greater part of the family would just 
trample under foot that which is given to sugply 
their needs! Judging from actions, it seems that, 
with many of us, a few dollars are of more value 
than the precious blood of Jesus was with God. 

We believe it was Divine Love that caused our 
Savior to endure hunger and want. Paul says, 
" Though he was rich, for our sakes he became 
poor, that we, through his poverty, might be 
made rich." 

Do not understand me now to say, that a broth- 
er who is rich should divide all his goods among 
the poor. According to the apostle, in 1 Cor. 13 
3, a man might possibly do such a thing, and yet 
not have any true love about him. The token of 
our discipleBhip, as we find it in God, is the best 
sign of our fidelity to God and our fellow-beings. 
If we are followers of God, we cannot help but 
become partakers of this divine nature. God 
looked down at the needs and wants of the human 
family, and being moved with tender pity and 
compassion, he sent that which supplies their 
wants, and so must we do, if we want to be God- 
like. When we see our fellow-men in want and 
have that which supplies their needs, it becomes 
our duty to bestow unto them that which they 
need. Indeed, it would not become ue to boast 
that we have the love of God shed abroad in oui 
hearts, when we would not do this. 

The apostle tells us again (1 John 3: 16, 17), 
" Hereby perceive we the love of God, because he 
laid down his life for us: and we ought to lay 
down our lives for the brethren." In verse 17 
the apoBtie fully explains: "But whoso hath this 
world's good, and seeth his brother have need, 
and shutteth up his bowels of compassion from 
him, how dwelleth the love of God in him?" 

This love manifests itself in a number of ways. 
"We will hear Paul in 1 Cor. 13: 4. He tells us 
that this love " suffereth long and is kind." It 
"envieth not." If we are in possession of this 
divine nature, we will not become offended at our 
brethren because they are held in high esteem by 
the church, We will not find fault, nor seek to 

circulate bad reports, in order to lower such 
brethren in the estimation of the church. Envy 
and jealousy are twin brothers. They both were 
begotten by Cain. 1 John 3: 12. 

This love "vannteth not itself," hence the man 
who is in possession of it, does not boast of hiB 
mental or Christian attainments. Love "doth 
not behave itself unseemly, seeketh not her own, 
is not easily provoked, thinketh no evil." "Re- 
joiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the 

Here is one of the great lessons, which, for 
many of us, is quite a taBk to master, — it may be 
for a lack of the proper understanding of the 
text. It was a long time before the writer could 
graep the thought. It is something like this: If 
I do not watch close and keep on hand a full sup- 
ply of this love, I may soon see some little faultB 
in a good brother, and perhaps he is more able 
in praying or prophesying thau I am. Presently I 
get a little jealous. I now hear something about 
him that is not jnBt so commendable. Before 
I make an effort to learn whether it is true, I I 
delight in telling it to others. By all means let 
us possess that love eo fully that the world cau 
indeed see that we do love one another in truth. 
Then there will be many more souls saved, and 
not ao much preaching in vain. 


r:y KuAii r.u:;i: vnivi i-:i;. 

"When thou art converted, strengthen Ihy brethren." — 
Luke 22: 32. 

In Gospel Messenger of 1803, No. 1, page 8, 
is an article that holds forth that Peter had nev- 
er been converted prior to the time when " he 
went out and wept bitterly." Suppose that I 
would write a letter to the church at "Akron, 
Ind," and would say, "Brethren, if any of you 
do err from the truth, and one convert him; let 
him know, that he which converteth the sinner 
from the error of his way shall save a soul from 
death, and Bhall hide a multitude of sins." Jas, 
5: 19, 20. 

Would such language imply that those breth- 
ren who err from the truth had never been con- 
verted? Nay, verily, nay. Peter erred from the 
truth, and had to be converted from the error of 
his way. 


The following item and reply are taken from 
the Cerro Gordo (111.) Clipper. They speak for 

A minister, who is now a^is'-iny in carrying on a series of 
meetings in this town, is giving a good part of his time and 
attention to secret societies. We have always noticed that 
the more secret societies are slandered, the stronger they 
grow. It has always bsen a mystery to us why a minister 
should pursue such a course. He admits that lie was never a 
member of any order; then, where does he get Ills Informa- 
tion? It can only come from a man who was once a mem- 
ber and has perjured himself In giving it. Thousands of 
good Masons and Odd Fellows, as well as members of other 
societies, say the information he gives is not true. The per- 
jurer from whom he receives his information says it i?. 
Whom will he, as a minister of the Gospel, believe? 

Editor Clipper: — 

In your issue of Nov. 26 you make allneion 
to a minister carrying on a meeting iu your town, 
who, you say, "is giving a good part of his time 
and attention to secret societies." 

There can be no reasonable doubt that refer- 
ence is made to the undersigned. I invite a hear- 
ing in your columns, that I may be properly 
placed before your intelligent readers. 

1. Up to date of your issue, I only made refer- 
ence to secret orders once in the pulpit, had scat- 

tered a few of our tracts on secrecy ; hence had 
given but little attention to secret orders. You 
therefore have been misinformed. 

% Xou further state, "he admits that he wae 
never a member of any order; then, where does he 
get his information?" I answer from the writers 
on secrecy, e. g., cyclopedias, lexicons, manuals 
and their miscellaneous publications. Besides 
we have the writings of prominent men who left 
different orders, and have written* expositions of 
the orders whoso principles they renounced. 
Among them we have Eld. David Bernard, a 
Baptist minister of high standing, Kev. C. G. 
Finney, author of a number of popular religious 
works, for years an honored president of Oberlin 
College. Candid minds surely will regard the 
foregoing as reliable sources of information on 
secret sooietieB. 

3. You allude to those who have withdrawn 
fiom their order, and are making expositions of 
tie principles of secrecy. Of these you eay, 
"They have perjured themselves." This is a 
common view. I affirm it to be not correct. Per- 
jury is the act or crime of willfully making a 
false oath, when lawfully administered, The 
statute alone qualifies men to administer an oath, 
and defines what they shall be adminiotered for, 
and the courts decide the case alleged, if perjury 
or not. Hence the oatbs that secret orders ad- 
minister are extrajudicial. 

It ia therefore conclusive that the efforts of se- 
cret societies, in administering oaths, and decid- 
ing on cases of perjury, is a clear violation of our 
civil law. I. J. Rosenberger. 

Covington, Ohio. 

"Reading the Bible in course, in daily por- 
tions, is one of the ways of becoming familiar with 
the Bible as a whole. It is a method which, as 
one method, the best Bible student in the world 
can adhere to wisely. Bat reading the Bible in 
that way ia not studying the Bible; nor can it 
ever be a substitute for Bible study. There are 
those who have read the Bible through, in course, 
from five times to twenty, who have never studied 
the Bible, and who have never gained an appre- 
ciable understanding of a single text in the Bible. 
A fuller Bense of the special teachings of the Bi- 
ble can be gained through tho careful studying of 
one verse at a time in the Bible, than through 
the reading of an entire chapter of the Bible ev- 
ery day for ten consecutive years, without close 
attention to its particular meaning. But Bible 
reading in course, and Bible studying, text by 
text, can easily be combined. Let him who reads 
a chapter daily always Btop, after he has read 
through his chapter, and pick out one verse, or 
one clause of a verae, which he deems most wor- 
thy of special attention at that time. Then let 
him study that verso as best he can; or, at all 
events, let him bear it in mind for meditation un- 
til he cornea again to the Bible for his daily read- 
ing. By doing this, a man will be kept from that 
rote-reading, or that thoughtless reading, which 
leaves no impression of a siDgle noteworthy pas- 
sage in his Bible portion for the day." 

" The most perilous hour of a porson's life is 
when he is tempted to despond. The man who 
loaes his courage loses all; there is no more hope 
of him than of a dead man; but it matters not 
how poor he may be, how much pushed by cir- 
cumstances, how much deserted by friends, how 
much lost to the world, if he only keeps his cour- 
age, holds up his head, works on with his hands, 
and with unconquerable will, determines to be 
and to do what becomes a man, all will be well. 
It is nothing outside of him that kills, but what 
10 within, that makes or unmakes." 


Jan. 24 i8i 

Missionary and Tract Work Department. 

"Upon the first day ol the week, 
let every one ot you Jay by bleu In 
■ lore as God hath prospered htm, 
that there be no gatherings when I 
come."—» Cor. 16; A. 

"Every man as he purposeth In 
his heart, Bo let htm give. Not 
grudgingly or of necessity, lor the 
Lord loveth a cheerful giver."—* 

"Every man according to hit ability." "Every one 
ttnd him." " Every man, according at he turfiotelh 
him give." "For II there be first a willing mind, It Is a 

Organization of Missionary CommiUca 

Daniel Vaniman, Foreman, 
D. L Miller, Treasurer, 
Galen B. Royer, Secretary, 

McPherson, Kans, 

Mt. Morris, 111. 

- Mt. Morris, 111. 

Organization of Book arid Tract Work. 

S. W. Hoover, Foreman, 

S. Bock, Secretary and Treasurer, 

Dayton, Ohio. 
Dayton, Ohio, 

lay-All donations Intended for Missionary Work should be sent to 
Galen B. Koyer, Mt. Morris, 111. 

lafAll money lor Tract Work should be sent to S. BOCK, Dayton. 

t»~Money maybesentby Money Order, Registered Letter, or Drafts 
on New York or Chicago. Do not send personal checks, or drafts on In- 
terior towns, as It costs as cents to collect them. 

0f"Sollcllors are requested to lalthlully carry out the plan oj Annual 
Meeting, that all our members be solicited to contribute at least t'vire a 
year lor the Mission and Tract Work ol the Church. 

leW-Notes lor the Endowment Fund can be had by writing to the Sec- 
retary ol either Work. 


The Lord's Tenth, Pennsylvania, 815; Coving- 
ton ohuroh, Ohio, $10.15; a brother in Christ, Ne- 
braska, $2; J. F. Bmmert, Waynesborough, Pa., 
$1.05; Woodland church, Mich., $9.50; Catherine 
Bays, Lookout, W. Va., S2.65; Price's Creek 
church, Ohio, $3.20; a sister, York, Pa., $2; a sis- 
ter, Sanger, Oal., 25 oents; Salimonie church, 
Ind., $9.60; Solomon's Creek church, Ind., $16.81; 
Barbara Leiter, Upton, Pa., $1; Margaret Oelig, 
Upton, Pa., $1; Greene church, Iowa, $1.30; Sulie 
Eeplogle, Farragut, Iowa, $1; Eome church, 
Ohio, $3.50; a sister, Maryland, $4; Emma A. and 
Lulu Luce Norris, Middleburgh, Md., SI; Tropico 
church, Oal., $1.25; Elizabeth Johnson, Old 
Frame, Pa., $3.40; Wm. George, Martin, W. Va., 
$2.19; Logan church, Ohio, $27.05; Mt. Vernon, 
churoh, Va., $5.25; English Eiver churoh, Iowa, 
$17.60; Barbara Young, Prairie City, Iowa, $1; 
Boaring Springs church, Pa , $13.39; South-east- 
ern District of Kansas, $3; sister Black, St. 
Charles, Iowa, 50 cents; Jacob Keffer, New Vir- 
ginia, Iowa, 25 cents; Lincoln W. Binehart, Med- 
ford, Md., $2; Emanuel Henry, Derby, Iowa, S2; 
West Dayton church, Ohio, $4; Belleville, church,' 
Kane., $1.75; Green Spring church, .Ohio, $6.10; 
Middle District of Indiana, $53; Thorn. McClane, 
Milo, 111., S2; St. Joseph ohuroh, Ind., $7.45; a 
sister of Donal's Creek church, Ohio, $1; our lit- 
tle boy's orange tree, Florida, 82.60; M. O. Czigan, 
Auburn, W. Va, $2; Jacob Barrick, Byron, 111., 
$3; a brother and Bister, Hagerstown, Ind., $5; a 
sister, Meyersdale, Pa., $2; Mrs. Mary Wilson, 
Belie Plaine, Iowa, $5; Bethel church, Ind., $5; 
Lamotte church, 111., $2.35; O. H. Elliott, Gambieri 
Ohio, $2.25; L. B. Landis, Aughwick Mills, Pa., 
50 cents; Z. Clear, Jewell, Ohio, 82.50; Qnema- 
honing ohurch, Pa., S12; Spring Creek church, 
Pa., 810; Big Swatara ohuroh, Pa., $5; Green Tree 
church, Pa., $8; White Oak church, Pa., S9; 
Baugo church, Ind, $9; Baocoon ohurch, Ind.,' 
818.62; an isolated sister, Michigan, SI; George 
V. Kollar, New Philadelphia, Ohio, 88; Eliza 
Bowman, Lebanon church, Va., $1; George Hos- 
sack, Leask Dale, Can., $16.40; Isaac Hendricks, 

District of Illinois, $10.85; Mt. Joy church, Pa-, 
$10; Lick Creek church, Ind, $5; Buffalo Valley 
church, Pa, $3.30; Pleasant View church, Vtf„ 
$3.40; a sister, Lilly, Va., $2; L. H. Custer, Bona- 
parte, Iowa, 40 cents; Eoaring Springs Sunday- 
school, Pa , $2 75; Mary M. Williams, Frankfort, 
W. Va,$l;MaryE, Moler, Clyde, Kans., $1; a 
brother and sister, Sidney, Nebr., SI. 

Interest from Endowment Notes S 150 05 

Interest from loans of Endowment Fund, 87 60 

Total receipts to close of December, 1891, 6,258 65 

Total receipts to close of December, 1892, 5,646 38 

eorease in totals, 612 27 

The $2,000 from the Annual Meeting at Hagers- 
town, Md., in Deoember, 1891, is the cause of the 
sudden increase in total of last year over this 
year. But we see great encouragement in the 
figures this year. With the exception of $244.55 
from Annual Meeting of 1892, the receipts are 
volunteer contributions from individuals and 

kind, the Brethren can build up a church in Den 
ver, us well as elsewhere. One brother was bap 
tized, which, of itself, is worth all, and more, o: 
the means and labor spent there thus far. 



V.rden.IH 25 cents; Mrs. Joseph Leedy, Hnnt- . a„ ,,.,,. ... , , 

mgdon Ind 812 ; English Elver church, Iowa, 78 opportunity may offer, distribute tracts, and thus 
cents; J, F. Boss, Simpson, W. Va., $1; Southern | gain their confidence. By persistent work of this 


Abbiving at Denver the same evening of the 
day we left Colorado Springs, and finding no one 
to meet us at the depot, we remained in the city 
over night. Next morning we wended our way to 
the house of Bro. Frank Shrove, about four miles 
out from the city proper. 

We would state in this connection that Denver 
is a great city, a rich city, a grand city,— metro- 
politan in every sense of the word. Like Tyre 
of old, " her merchants are princes." 

Denver sits as a queen, and, doubtless, expects 
to see no sorrow. It is beautifully situated, hav- 
ing the Eocky Mountains for an elegant back- 
ground, and Eastern Colorado and Kansas for 
her front-yard. From her front-yard she draws 
her supplies of provisions, and from her back- 
ground she draws her solid cash. 

To describe Denver would require a volume. 
In an article like this we can only glance at a few 
of her vast resources. Her population now is es- 
timated at 150,000. Among this busy, moving 
throng are about twenty, or perhaps a few more, 
members of the Brethren church, who, not long 
since, rented a hall in a convenient part of the 
city, where they have a flourishing Sunday-school, 
and regular preaching every two weeks, They 
have a minister,— Bro. Wingert,— living among 
them, but on account of defective memory, occa- 
sioned by sickness, he cannot do as much for the 
cause there as he otherwise might, yet he is an 
excellent Sunday-Bchool worker, and a good sing- 
er, and in this way he is doing a noble work. 
Bro. Shrove holds the office of deacon and is a 
live worker, so also are brethren Long, Dutton, and 
others. Indeed, all the members there are active 
in the cause of our Master. We remained with 
them about eight or nine days, preaching each 
evening as best we could. The congregations 
kept growing and the interest increasing, but 
limited time prevented us from doiDg as much 
for the cause there as we would like to have done. 
But we saw enough to convince us that the Lord 
has a people there, provided a proper effort is 
made to reach them. 

Denver is a large field of itself, and has work 
enough for several active evangelists. I know of 
no place where a missionary is needed more than 
in Denver, — not a stay-at-home-andsit-in-the- 
house missionary, but an active one,— one who is 
not afraid to get down to the humble poor and 
sick, from door to door, and converse with them 
in a familiar way, and pray with and for them, as 

Since our last report six dear souls entered the 
fold of Jesus,— four sisters and two brethren. 
The good work of the Lord is still going on. Our 
young people are keeping the fire burning with 
the aid of the older members. Yes, what a work 
can be done for the blessed cause of the Master, 
when we are united in the work! Love and union 
prevails in the Antietam church, which gladdens 
our hearts, and all are made to rejoice together. 

The past year has been a pleasant and enjoya- 
ble one. When we take a review of that time, 
our ehortcomings and unfaithfulness to duty 
come before us very forcibly. Let us resolve, by 
divine help,, to improve the orivileges and oppor- 
tunities of 1893. 

Many good resolutions have been made all over 
this blessed land of ours. Many say in the words 
of Josh. 24: 15, " Ab for me and my house, we 
will serve the Lord." The Lord has blessed the 
labors of our dear brethren, and also the la- 
bors of Bro. Early during the year past, so that 
we can rejoice in thirty-three additions to the 
church. Several of them are heads of families. 
These additions have given very much strength 
to our "Young People's Meetings ". and the Bible 
class and general service. We are glad to see our 
old brethren so much interested in the welfare of 
the young, as to attend all of these services. May 
God bless the church here and all over our 
Brotherhood, for good! 

While we are increasing in numbers, as a 
church, may the Good Lord help us all,— officials 
and laity, — to labor for a deeper work of grace in 
our hearts, so that we may become more and 
more fully consecrated to God in the noble work, 
in becoming better ourselves, and may we, by our 
labors, be the means of others becoming better 
men and women. .May the Lord inspire our 
hearts and lives to work while it is dayl Yes, 
soon, probably before the year is past, the hand 
that now pens these imperfect words, will be 
among the silent dead. Oh, Lord, help us all to 
be faithful! 



The following rules by John Stuart Blackie 
seem to me very good. I have copied them for 
the Messengeb, trusting that some of its young 
readers may be influenced to adopt them as their 

"1. Never indnlge the notion that you have 
any absolute right to choose the sphere or the 
circumstances in whioh you are to put forth your 
powers of social action ; but let your daily wisdom 
of life be in making a good use of the opportuni- 
ties given you. 

"2. We live in a i-obI, and solid, and truthful 
world. In such a world only truth, in the long 
run, can hope to prosper. Therefore avoid lies, 
mere show and sham, and hollow superficiality of 
all kinds, which is, at best, a painted lie. Let, 
whatever you are, and whatever you do, grow out 
of a firm root of truth, and a strong soil of reality. 

"3. The nobility of life is work. We live in a 
working world. The lazy and idle man does not 
count in the plan of campaign. 'My Father 
worketh hitherto, and I work.' Let that be text 

Fan. 24, 1893 


4. Never forget St. Paul's sentence, 'Love is 
he fulfilling of the law.' This is the Bteam of 
,he social machine. 

5. But the steam requires regulation. It 
is regal ated by intelligence and moderation. 
Healthy action is always a balance of forces, and 
,11 extremes are dangerons; the excess of a good 
thing being often more dangerous in its social 
xrasequences than the excess of what is radically 

"6. Do one thing well. 'Be a whole man,' as 
Chancellor Thurlow said, 'Do one thing at a 
time.' Make clean work and leave no tags. Al- 
low no delays when you are at a thing; do it, and 
be done with it. 

7. Avoid miscellaneous reading. Bead noth- 
ing that you do not care to remember; and re- 
member nothing you do not mean to use. 

8. Never desire to appear clever and make a 
show of your talents before men. Be honest, lov- 
ing, kindly, and sympathetic in all you say and 
do. Cleverness will flow from you naturally, if 
you have it, and applanse will come to yon un- 
sought from those who know what to applaud, 
but the applause of fools is to be shunned. 

9. Above all things avoid fault-finding and a 
habit of criticism. Let your rule in reference to 
your social sentiments be simply this: 'Pray for 
the bad, pity the weak, enjoy the good, and rever- 
ence both the great and the small, as playing each 
his part aptly in the divine symphony of the uni- 
verse.' " 

Palo Alto, Gal 



When Darius, during the siege of Tyre, offered 
',to Alexander the Great, a sum equivalent to ten 
V millions of dollars for the "ransom of his family 
and as the basis of peace and friendship," and 
furthermore proposed "to give his daughter in 
marriage and to cede to the Macedonian all the 
country in Asia west of the Euphrates, "the pro- 
posal accordingly was laid before a council of his 
generals. Parmenio, when asked for his opinion, 
said: 'If I were Alexander I would accept the 
terms."' Alexander replied, "And I, too, if I 
were Parmenio." 

And thus the play still goes on in the world 
and in the church. Between the ParmenioB and 
Alexanders flattering promises are exchanged, 
while the work remains to be performed and the 
issues are not squarely met. 

If Bro. A were in Bro. B's place, ob, what a 
wonderful worker he would be I The devil has 
not a better tool in his whole shop than this; "If 
I were you." He has used it successfully for 
ages, and with this same ancient weapon he 
still cripples, and, in many cases, destroys the 
usefulness of those who ought to be strong pillars 
in the church of Christ. To practice this piece 
of deception in the world, is a source of great 
pleasure to him, but to be able to exercise the 
same power in the church, pleases him much bet- 

When the great judgment shall come and the 
books be opened, the "I's" can no longer hide 
behind the "you's". Why not act the part of 
wisdom now, by coming out from all human hid- 
ing-places, voluntarily, honestly, man-like, Christ- 

Friend A, do you remember telling me once 
that you would not stay out of the church a day, 
if you were situated like neighbor C or deacon 
G? Are you still trying to hide behind them? 
Do yon think they will "cover your case" in the 
judgment? Why not hide your life now with 
ObriatroGod? Col. 3; 3. 

" If I were you." O, what a great convenience! 
The poor man, he must increase his substance be- 
fore he can become a Christian, therefore he 
hides behind some well-to-do person. The well- 
to-do man, he must become wealthy, then he can 
devote his time to the church ami spiritual duties, 
so he hides behind his wealthy friend. Approach 
the wealthy friend on the subject and he will say, 
" O, if I had n't any more to see after than that 
poor man over there, I might become a Chris- 
tian," and with an air of apparent satisfaction, he 
tries to reduce himself sufficiently, so that he 
may be able to get behind his poor neighbor for 
safety. What wretchedly poor hiding-placeBl 

In the Revelation, ChriBt is represented as be- 
ing in the midst of the seven golden candlesticks, 
or churches. What is he there for? Among 
other purposes, shall I not say that he walks in 
the midst of the churches to warn us to leave all 
human hiding-places? Has he not given to every 
man his work? Mark 13: 34. Shall not every 
man bear his own burden? Gal. 6: 5. DoeB not 
Rev. 20*: 13 emphatically declare that " they were 
judged every man acoording to their works?" 
Will we come up and say, " Lord, if I had been 
differently situated, I would have served thee." 
Can we Eay that? Can any of us afford to spend 
our lives trying thus to hide behind other people, 
only to be driven out in the presence of an as. 
sembled world before Jehovah's bar of jnstice? 



Who shall be held accountable because there 
are not more of our children in the church? 
How many large families there are, where only 
one or two have chosen that good part, while oth 
ers seem to be careless or indifferent about the 
church or their soul's welfare! I sometimes 
think that we, as parents, are too careless. While 
we are trying to labor and show others the good 
way, our own children are neglected. We are 
often afraid that some one will speak to them 
about their inheritance in that country to which 
we are all traveling, and possibly drive them 
away. If we would tell them how to make a fort- 
une in this life, how readily that would be accept- 
ed! Let ns remember that our children have 
sonls to be saved or lost. Yes; they may be lott 
as well as the souls of other people. Then our 
children may rise np and say, " I had good, pious 
parents ; they read and studied the Bible much, 
but they said nothing to me about my soul, but 
were always talking to some one else," Others 
may say, " My parents belong to the church, but 
I have no confidence in that church," They get 
this impression from what we say and do. When 
we return from church, the first thing we do is to 
say, "Well, I am almost Btarved. Brother A 
preached so long. Oh! I wish he knew when to 
stop." Or, "Oh! the sermon was so dry." Prob- 
ably at the same time the fault may have been in 
yourself. In your heart you might have said, 
"Oh, Lord, I beseech you to help our dear brother 
to-day." Then you could have given him your 
divided attention and thus encouraged him. 
this manner you could have held up hiB hands 
while he fed the people with the Word of Life. 
Then, who is to blame that the brother's sermon 
did not seem more acceptable? Who is to blame 
if our children think the same when we say it 

If it is not the preacher we find fault witb, it is 
some other brethren or sisters, who may not be 
what they should be. All these faults are talked 
about in the presence of our children, who have 
been regarding them as good members. So> 
they lose their confidence, and they begin to 

think that they do not want to belong to a church 
of that kind. If there is any trouble in the 
church, it is talked about in the presence of our 
children until they loathe the very name of Chris- 
tianity. If you thus talk about your brother, or 
neighbor, or preacher, your children will soon 
learn to do likewise as soon as they are old enough. 

We should rather notice if our children have 
been paying attention to the preaohing, and 
then aBk them what the preacher said. We 
should tell the good part of the sermon, or speak 
of the good deeds of this brother, and the patience 
of some other. We should always speak of the 
good; the bad will be found out without our tell- 
ing it. By thus doing, our children will soon get 
confidence in the members and want to be of 
their number. When we speak of our old breth- 
ren of the past, let us do it with becoming re- 
spect. If even some of them should have made 
mistakes, in our eyes, let us search out something 
good they have done to tell before our children, 
instead of the evil. We have a miesion field at 
home to cultivate. The church where we live 
should take an interest in our children, for if we 
are in the household of God, and children of the 
same Father, we are interested in each other's 

Hoab, Mo. 


The following is the report of Boys and Girls' 
Bible school for quarter ending Dec. 31, 1892: 


Balance from last quarter, $27 50 

Ella Williams, Funkstown, Md 2 00 

Eel River Sunday-school, Silver Lake, lml., 68 
Salem Sunday-school, Mt. Morris, 111., per 

S. S. Young, 3 00 

Monticello, lml., Brethren missionary meet- 
ing, 6 00 

Wheatville Sunday-school, Ohio, per Isaac 

Young r 3 65 

Wooster church, Ohio, per Cyrus Hoover, . 4 00 
Lick Greek Sunday-school, Bryan, Ohio, 

through Minnie Newcomer, 2 50 

Melrose Center Sunday-school, Iowa, per 

Katie E. Moore, 10 76 

Newton church, Kans., per Reuben Royer, 2 45 
Manor congregation, Pa., per W. H. 

Meehins, 2 29 

Geiger Station, Pa., Sunday-school 70 

McPherson church, Kans., Thanksgiving 

offering, 16 50 

Interest, 18 

Total, 181 11 


Rent $21 00 

Woodberry love-feast, 11 40 

Expressage, postage, books, 2 45 

Taking children to love-feast, 3 48 

Taking children to meeting, 1 49 

Clothing, shoes, etc , 6 35 

Car-fare for distributing tracts, 1 39 

Fuel and light, 25 

Helping a sick brother, 3 00 

Stamps for tracts, 1 26 

Total, $52 06 

Balance on hand, $29 05 

James T. Qoinlan, Supt. 
Joseph J. Ellis, Sec. 

"Nothing that is in the realm of God's order- 
ing need cause us anxiety. For what God sends 
to us, God will enable ns to profit by, or to en- 
dure. Therefore it is that we are reminded to 
' fear nothing but sin.' Sin is not in the realm of 
God's ordering, and we ought not to feel that sin 
will bring us benefit in any way. We have a 
right and a duty to be afraid of eia." 


The Gospel Messenger, 

4 Weekly at $1.50 Per Annum. 

The Brethren's Publishing Co. 

D. L. MILLER, Edltor 

J. H. MOORE, Office Editor. 

J. B. Brumbaugh,! .... Associate Editors. 

j. G. Royrr, I 

JOSEPH AMICK, Business Manager. 

I iritb 

WCommunlcallons lor publication should be legibly 
black ink on one side ol the paper onl y. Do not attempt to interline, or 
tc put on one page what ought to occupy two. 

^-Anonymous communications will not be published. 

^-Do not mix business with articles tor publication. Keep your 
communications on separate sheets Iiom all business. 

OT-Tlme Is precious. We always have time to attend to business and 
,„ anawsr nucstlons ol importance, but please do not subject us to need 

....^ENGER is mailed each week to all subscribers. II the ad. 
dress Is correctly entered on our list, the paper must reach the person to 
whom it Is addressed. II you do not get your paper, write us, giving par. 


;s in lull, so as to avoid delay and misunderstands 
to the office {com which you order your goods, 


t»-Do not send personal checks or drafts on interior banks, unless yon 
send with them 2C cents each, to pay lor collection. 

t»-Kcmittances should be made by Post-office Money Order, Dralts 
on New York, Philadelphia or Chicago, or Registered Letters, made pay- 
,l,!c and addressed to "Brethren's Publishing Co., Mount Morris, 11!.," 
or " Brethren's Publishing Co., Huntingdon, Pa." 

t^-Entered at the Post-office at Mount Morris,' 111., as second-class 

Mount Morris, 111,, 

Jan. 24, 1883. 

This is said to have been the coldest winter 
known in Northern Illinois for several years. The 
cold still continues, with some prospects of abat- 

Bbo. D. W. Thomas reports that the Messen- 
ger goes into every family in the Sandy church, 
Ohio. That is good. Now let us hear from oth- 
er churches. , 

Ton may talk loud and long about the learned 
and gifted woman, and even laud her to the sikies, 
but the most useful, influential and deserving 
woman in this world, is the consecrated Christian 
mother. . _ ^ 

Ddring the past week Bro. D. E. Prioe deliv- 
ered three excellent discourses on Church Gov- 
ernment. At present Bro. L. W. Teeter, of Indi- 
ana, is with tis. He is delivering some valuable 
discourses on the fundamental questions of the 
Christian religion. These disconrses are greatly 
appreciated by those who attend the Bible Term. 

On the last editorial page of this issue will be 
found some important instructions in regard to 

Writing for the Press." It may be well for our 
contributors to preserve this article and study the 
suggestions with care. We have these instruc- 
tions very neatly printed, and will mail them to 
any one who will send us an addressed envelope 
with a one-cent stamp thereon, 

Lister Lvdia Dell, of Hamilton, Nebr.,. has 
been keeping a record of the age of persons men- 
tioned in our obituary department during the year 
1892. The following from her record may be of 
some interest: One hundred and seventy were 70 
years old and past; one hundred and two, 80 and 
psst; fifteen were over 90; one, 99; four over 100, 
and one had reached the age of 104 years. 

Bro. Geo. W. Crite, of Oerro Gordo, 111., have 
been engaged in a series of meetings in the West 
Otter -Creek church; with what success we have 
not learned. On his way home, while passing 
through Springfield, he had the misfortune to 
have his pocket relieved of about S60 by a pick- 
pocket. At this time our country is cursed with 
an unuBual number of these men, aud they are 
gathering in a rich harvest. 

A Rohan Catholic priest makes this marvel 
statement which should certainly arouse thong 
comment and action: "I have many people 
sort to me for confession. The confession of 
ery sin that I have ever known or heard of, ant 
sins so foul that I never dreamed of, has b 
poured into my ear; but no one person has e 
confessed to me the sin of covetousness " 

A botbher who need tobacco twenty-five ye 
and then quit, writes thus: "Inclosed you ' 
find one dollar, which you will please use for 
missionary cause. I find I can easily span 
since I need no money for tobacco." We h 
that dollar will be the means of sending con 
tion home to some poor soul that needB salva' 
far worBe than any one ever needed tobacco. 

Undeb date of January 11 Bro. J. M. Mohler 
writes that he was at Martinsburg, Pa., in a series 
of meetings with large congregations, but very 
cold weather. • 

Members who send in church news, or any- 
thing else for publication, should always gi 
their names and address. It is not sufficient to 
give the initials only. 

For the Tract Work, Dayton, Ohio, we have 
just printed a large edition of "Ten Reasons for 
Trine Immersion." This tract, like all the others 
has been carefully revised. 

Articleb, intended for publication, are fre- 
quently accompanied by a request to send the pa- 
pers, containing these articles, to persons whose 
addresses are given. This request accompanies 
scores of obituary notices. We never comply 
with these requests. It is not generally practi- 
cable to do so. The belter way is to wait until the 
matter appears in print, aud then order the pa- 
per sent, being Bure to remit three cents per copy 
for each paper ordered. 

Parents, who are constantly talking of the 
faults of members and others before their chil- 
dren, are depositing in little, innocent hearts, 
poison that may lead to their ruin. God never 
intended that these pure little hearts should be 
filled with the filth of conversation. If parents 
do not have self-respect enough to cleanse theni- 
selvee from this deadly poison of the tongue, 
they ought to at least have too much love for 
their offspring to poison their souls ere they 
reach the years of accountability. God pity the 
children who have such parental 

George A. Ogle & Co, of Chicago, have 
placed on our desk a copy of the " Plat Book of 
Ogle County," bearing the date of 1893 The 
etyle of the publication is good, and the work- 
manship excellent. The maps present a very at- 
tractive appearance, and, so far as we can judge, 
are quite reliable. A study of the map of the 
County, on page 16, is exceedingly interesting. 
We have not yet had time to examine the work 
fully, but may do so in the future. 

Were it in their power, the Catholic* would 
probably clcse every Protestant church in the 
world. The Methodist church in Vienna, Austria, 
after a long struggle, has been compelled to close 
its doors. Some time ago the police demanded of 
the pastor a oopy of their creed. The pastor gave 
him a copy of Wesley's selection from the Church 
of England's Thirty-nine Articles. It was found 
that some things therein condemned Catholic doc- 
trine, and in Bpite of all protests and petitions, 
further services were prohibited. And this is in 
one of the world's most enlightened capitals, ne - - 
the sunset of the nineteenth century ! 

At the District Meeting of North-eastern Ohio, 
the Sunday-school report for the entire District 
was substantially as follows: Number of schools, 
12; total average attendance, 686; average collec- 
tion each Sunday, S4.70; classes, 76; teachers, 69. 
Brethren's Quarterlies were used in eleven 
schoola, Four schools used the Young Disciple. 
One school had occasional teachers' meetings. 
Noarly all the schools met expenses by penny 
collections. To the regrets of the secretary, five 
schools taught the infant classes the alphabet and 
reading, instead of the Bible lessons. This re- 
port is quite a commendable feature and might 
be imitated to good advantage by other Districts. 

Some of the members in one of the eas 
congregations made their minister a Bubstsi 
little present, in the way of dollars and ce 
He now writes here for a list of books that 
can recommend, saying, that he deeires to in 
the money in books thai will aid him in the v 
of the ministry. It was kind in the member 
thus encourage their minister, but they will i 
get it all back iu the way of better preacl 
When a minister Bpends his money for valu 
books, the members may expeot better Bermoi 

A glance at your Bible Atlas will show 
union of the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers a s 
distance north or where they empty into the 
siau Gulf. Modern investigations seem to It 
the site of the Garden of Eden in this vioi 
Just north of the junction of these rivers, on 
Tigris, is a handsome building with enan 
doxe. This is Baid to be the tomb of Ezra, 
prophet He was a man of great learning 
zea\ and did more, perhaps, than any other 
in his ege, in behalf of the Jews. He flour: 

about 458 B. C. ._ 

Through the mails we receive much inf< 
tlo a that is too personal for the public eye, 
yet, were it published, it would probably cal 
hundreds of letters of sympathy. One I 
pilgrim tells a sad story to her far-away fi 
net thinking that the newB would find its w 
oar desk. She tells the story of a eonsec- 
Ji'e, a hard struggle for her Christian fa- 
lonely pilgrimage far away from religious e 
ations; with naught but the Bible and natui 
companions in faith. She tells how she i 
to a cold room to write to her friends, or fc 
pres=, in order to escape the censure of thos 
should be her supporters. Another tra- 
pilgrim tells a sad story about the lonely p: 
er's wife. At one time her home was a 
home. It was the centre of attraction for s 
States, for her gifted husband was know 
loved far and wide. But after he was cal 
the other world, the members forgot the 
widow, and seldom call to see her, and, pe 
do not even think of her. When her hom 
blessed with the presence of her kind hu 
she entertained our preachers by the score, 
now she seldom gets to meeting. She is i 
ten. Is this the way to treat the lonely p 
er's wife? Still another tells of a gifted 
ter, who ought to be in the field all the 
preaching the Gospel, for he is in a li 
where a dozen ministers are needed, yet he 
return to his home to engage in manual 
for the support and shelter of his little : 
Thus we might go on and tell one sad stor; 
another. If our readers could only think s 
have very little reason to complain, eom'ps 
some of those we have just mentioned. T| 
much sadness and suffering in this wor 
j most of it is kept from the public, 

X Jritl, KJ^JZ5Jr'&l^ lVl±ittt5±^JNCjiil<. 

Bbo. Geo. L. Studebaker, Secretary of the 
Lodging Committee for next Annual MeetiDg, re- 
quests us to Bay, that arrangements will be made 
to lodge in the City of MuLcie all those who de- 
sire lodging at private houses The place of me et 
ing iB nigh the city. 

A Baptist paper Bpeaks of a church that ex- 
pelled a man for writing an extravagant obituary 
of his wife, to whom he was very unkind, and 
then adds, "Served him right. This display of 
conjugal affection that controls itself so long, but 
breaks out so violently after the death of its ob- 
ject, calls for discipline." 

A brother has a good job working for the railroad compa- 
ny, but he has to labor every Sunday, or give up the work 
Times are hard, and It Is his only chance to support hU fami- 
ly. What must he do? Please answer through the Messen- 
ger. W. H. Bryan. 

Let the brother do his utmost to find another 
job. He would better get less wages and honor 
the Lord's Day. If he ia making every reasona- 
ble effort to find another job, let the Brethren 
have a little charity for him in the mean-time. 
One thing is certain, we cannot encourage Sunday 
work, and in this day of loose religious regola- 
tions our people want to set themselves squarely 
in defense of keeping the Lord's Day holy. The 
laws of Tennessee positively forbid manual labor 
on Sunday. Not long since two Sabbatarians 
were sent to jail in that State, and heavily fined 
for working on Sunday. They were poor, howev- 
er, and had to soffer the penalty. But a rich 
railroad corporation can work her men all she 
pleasea, and the administrators of- justice merely 
wink at it, and hardly that. Onr advice is not to 
work on Snnday for anybody. Work hard six 
days. Honor the Lord's Day, do right, and trust 
God for the rest. ■ 

As a Christmas present, the Chicago Universi- 
ty received $1,000,000. This increases her endow- 
ment fund to §3,600,000. It is to be kept on in- 
terest forever, and the interest used to defray the 
expenses of the faculty. This is good for the 
University. But our schools ought to be en- 
dowed also. This must be done by men of 
mean?. We have the men, and they have the 
means. Can they be induced to invest some of 
their wealth in that way? That is the question. 
One of our most widely known ministers recent- 
ly remarked, that if he had $100,000 to leave at 
his death, he would most assuredly turn it over 
to one of our schools. His mind is sound on that 
question. But it is not always wise for people to 
wait until they are dead before their means can 
be used for a wise purpose. Some years ago one 
of our ministers made the Bible Department at 
Mt. Morris, a present of several thousand dollars. 
The money is now on interest, and the interest 
is used to defray the expenses of the Special Bi- 
ble Term, It is doing a grand work in prepar- 
ing ministers for their work. Scores of ministers 
come here for instruction in the Bible. They 
go away with additional information, and full of 
the preaching zeal. The brother who gave the 
money is hard at work in the mission field. Bat, 
while living, he realizes that his money is doing 
good. We hope our Brethren will give this sub- 
ject carefal consideration, and see what they can 
do for the good of common humanity. 


From a young minister, whose name we with- 
hold, we have the following: 

" I married a lady who is a member of another 
church. We agreed to go to her church one 
Sunday, and to mine the next. But I have been 

elected to the ministry. In a short time all of 
my time of. 3und*ys will probably be required by 
my own church. Will it be right to go to our 
meetings every Sunday, and not take her to here, 
in case Bhe wants to go? Will it be right to go 
to onr church every other Sunday, as we had 
agreed before being married, or will it be my 
duty to go to our church every Snnday? " 

That agreement before marriage is a difficult 
point to get over. Oar advice is for you to con- 
tinue as you agreed upon until your wife can 
have an opportunity of prayerfully thinkiDg the 
matter all over carefully. Give her time. If she 
eees that you are improving in the ministry so as 
to be in demand every Snnday by the Brethren, 
she will likely release you of that part of the 
agreement. It would be but proper that she 
should, and yet kindues3 and forbearance must 
not be neglected. A man wants to live in peace 
with his wife. If he has made with her a 
life agreement that will hinder his life-long use- 
fulness, he muBt not go back on his word unless 
thf-re aie very weighty reasons for it. Have 
patience with your wife. Let her see that you 
are indeed an earnest, upright and godly man, 
and she will not likely prove a hindrance to you. 

But the better way is for all of our members 
to marry in the church. Possibly we have been 
too negligent respecting this matter, in both our 
preaching and writing. We would not wish to be 
understood as saying that it is wrong to marry 
outside of the church, but we are convinced that 
it is not generally wise to do ao. ThoBe who have 
companions that are not in the churoh Bhould 
treat them with the utmost kindnesB, and in that 
way endeavor to win them over to the faith, 
while those who have not jet entered the mar- 
riage relation, Bhoild prayerfully consider the 
consequences of spending a long and intimate 
life with one who can neither encourage nor 
sympathize with them in their religious strug- 
gles. There is probably more in this question 
than most people are prepared to admit. 


Here is a matter of especial interest to those 
connected with our schools. The following pa- 
per passed the last Annual Meeting: 

We ask Annual Meeting through District Meeting to 
plainly define the duties of the visiting elders, who visit 
the colleges or schools of the Brethren, in making their vis- 
its to said schools. Can their report at Annual Meeting be 
objected to or criticised before the Annual Meeting or not? 
ANS. — Sent to Annual Meeting. 

Referred to a committee, and the following report was sub- 
mitted and adopted. 

Your committee reports as follows; 

i. That no report of the schools be required at this meet- 

2. That each advisory board submit to us In writing such 
suggestions as in their judgment would aid them in their re- 
lation to the school work. 

3. That the Principal of each school in like manner formu- 
late and transmit to us such suggestions as he may deem 
helpful to the advisory boards; these suggestions io be placed 
in our hands prior to November 15, 1892. 

A report will be submitted to next Annual Meeting. 
Signed by: J. C. Lahman, S. F. Sanger, J. F. Oller, 
Jesse Stutzman, J. H. Moore. 

Up to date some of our schools have not yet 
complied with this request. We trust it wiil be 
responded to at once, so we can prepare our re- 
port. In the absence of Bro. Lahman the sug- 
gestions should be sent to us. We will then 
shape the matter for the members of the commit- 
tee to examine, so all can be iu readiness by the 
next Annual MeetiDg. 


No. 28 —Paul in Italy and Rome— Puteoli.— Appii 
Forum and the Three Taverns.— 
The Appian Way. 
" And from thence, when the brethren heard of us, they 
came to meet us as far as Appil Forum, and the Three Tav- 
erns; whom when Paul saw, he thanked God, and took cour- 
age."— Acts 2S: 15. 

This ninth day of December, 1802, God, in his 
infiuite gooduess and mercy, has permitted ub to 
traverse the Appian Way, over which his servant 
Paul walked when he was brought a prisoner to 
Rome. We went out as far as the fourteenth 
mile-stoue, counting from the center of Borne. 
Just beyond the eleventh mile stone we came to 
the Three Taverns, where the brethren met Paul 
and gave him encouragement. And here, by the 
wajeide, wo write these lineB, not very far from 
the place where Paul reBted, "thanked God and 
took courage." 

From the Three Taverns the Appian Way as- 
cends the mountain to Abbaua. To the edge of 
this village we walked and Btood on the ridge of 
the hill from whence, as he came from Appii For- 
um, Paul caught his first sight of Rome, where 
he was afterward to suffer a martyr's death. And 
what a grand Bight it 1b! Although fourteen miles 
away, Rome is in plain sight. The dome of St. 
Peter's Cathedral glistens in the rays of the noon- 
day Bun. What a different sight met the eyes of 
Paul as he Btood here more than eighteen hun- 
dred years ago and looked upon pagan Rome. He 
came along this road a prisoner, bound with a 
chain. In some places the same blocks of stone, 
over which he walked, worn away by the chariot 
wheels that paeeed over tbeni two thouBand years 
ago, are Btill to be seen. And there is not the 
least doubt but that this ia the road by which 
Paul entered Rome. 

Retracing our Bteps we return to the Three 
Taverns. There are three buildings there to-day 
and it is likely there was the same number there 
in Paul's time,— an inn, a Bhop, where the broken 
chariots might bo mended, and a dwelling-house. 
Dr. Forbee, in his reEearches, has removed all 
doubt as to the place, and we are writing to-day 
at one of the places where the brethren met Paul 
and gave him new courage to continue in the 
great work of preaching the Gospel of tbo Son of 
God to the Gentiles. 

Let us briefly follow Paul from the placa where 
he landed in Italy till he reached the City of Rone. 
But we defer this until after we visit th« plac-) 
where he landed. In our researches we are not 
willing to take hearsay evidence when we can Bee 
the places we wish to describe. 


"And after one day the sooth wind blew, and 
we came the next day to Pateoli; where we found 
brethren, and were desired to tarry with them sev- 
en dajB; and bo went toward Rome." To-day, in 
company with Bro. Lahman, we stood on a part of 
the old, ruined pier at Pozzuoli, the Italian name 
for Puteoli. On the foundations of the old pier 
has been built a new structure, but there is still 
part of the old to be seen rising above the water, 
on which Paul landed on his journey to Rome. 
Already the Christian religion had spread along 
the shores of the Great Sea and had reached the 
port of Puteoli. And when Paul landed in the 
spring of A. D. G2, at Ibis place the brethren met 
him and his company and prevailed upon them to 
spend a week with them. 



Jan 24, 18 

It bad been a long, dangerous, and toilsome 
voyage. They had sailed from Cesarea in the fall 
of A. D. 61. Touching at Sidon they sailed by 
Cyprus to Myra of Lyoia. Htre Ihey charged 
ships, and, contrary to Panl's counsel, left port 
and were shipwrecked on the Island of Malta ( Me- 
lita). Here they spent the winter and now they 
had reached the last stage of their journey by 
ship. After haviDg passed through the great per- 
ils of the deep by shipwreck, and their long win- 
ter sojourn with the barbarous people of the IbI- 
land of Melita, how it must have rejoiced the 
hearts of Paul and his company to be received 
and warmly greeted by the brethren at Puteoli. 
No doubt they were easily persuaded " to tarry 
with them Beven days," and Paul would comfort 
and confirm the brethiea in thsir faith. 

How soon that week must have passed away! 
We would like to linger here at Puteoli but our 
space will not allow an extended description of 
Paul's landing-place in Italy, and so we go with 
him toward Borne. The journey is a long and 
tedious one, over mountains and valleys. The 
distance to be traveled on foot is one hundred and 
seventy miles. The little company of believerB 
start out on the great Consular road (via Contu- 
Zaris), and follow it to its junction with the Ap- 
pian road (via Appia) "the queen of long roads," 
as it waB called by the Romans. Here they stop 
for a short rest at Capua one hundred and fifty 
miles from Rome. Continuing their journey 
along the Appian road they cross the Pontine 
Marshes and at last reach Appii Forum, where 
the first company of brethren met them forty- 
three miles from the Imperial City. 

Here we notice the regard these brethren had 
for the prisoner who was coming to them. They 
went out a long distance to meet him, and how 
their solicitude must have cheered tbe hearts of 
the weary travelers. After resting at Appii For- 
um, the journey was continued to the Three Tav- 
ernB, the last halting place before reaching Rome, 
and eleven miles from the city. And here anoth- 
er and, doubtless, a larger company of the breth- 
ren met the prisoner, " whom when Paul saw, he 
thanked God and took courage." 

Here we have an account of two companies of 
the brethren meeting Paul. Those who went to 
Appii Forum were, perhaps, able to spend more 
time than those who came to the Three TavernB. 
The latter were, doubtless, laborerB. They could 
quit their work at 3 o'clock in the afternoon and 
go out to the place of meeting and return again in 
the early morning in time to begin their day's 1b- 
bor. This may account for the two companies of 
brethren who went out from Rome to meet Paul 
and his fellow-travelers. 

From] the Three Taverns to|the City the Appi- 
an way was literally lined on either side with mag. 
nificent tombs, costly monuments, great temples 
and beautiful villas. The ruins are to be seen to 
thU day and are of much interest to the traveler. 
With a largely-increased company the last stage 
of the apostle's journey began in the early morn- 
ing so that the City might be reached before the 
heat of the day, and, in all probability, before 9 
o'cloak Paul passed beneath the arch of Drusus, 
entered the Capena gate, was taken through the 
City by the Palatine Hill, in which stood the pal- 
ace of the Cioaars, and acrosB the Roman Fornai to 
the Camp of the Prretorian guard. "And when 
we came to Rome the centurion delivered the 
prisoners to the captain of the guard: but Paul 

was suffered to dwell by hiraBelf with a soldier 
that kept him." 

ThuB ended Paul's long journey. And with 
him it ended as it began. He was still a prison- 
er. It is true, he was not cast into prieon Be- 

g a Roman citizen that could not: be done law- 
fully without a trial. Yet, while he was allowed 
some degree of liberty and freedom, eo that he 
could rent a house and dwell by himself, he web 
still in bondage. A Boldier was constantly with 
him and "kept him," aud it is not at all improb- 
able that he was chained to a Roman soldier the 
greater part of the time. 


One of the first things the apostles did after 
having secured a house and having settled his 
household affairs, was, to make an effort to call the 
Jews, who lived in Rome, to Christ. He called 
the chief of the Jews together and gave them 
some account of himself, telling them that for the 
hope of Israel he was bound with a chain Then 
appointed a day when they would hear him 
concerning Jesue, and he preached to them with 
all the zeal and power of whioh he was capable. 
This showed that his heart's desire was that Is- 
rapl should be saved, but when they rejected the 
Truth, he turned to the Gentiles. 

As to Paul's life in Rome we know but little. 
The concluding words of the last chapter of the 
Acts of the Apostles tell us that he "dwelt two 
whole years in his own hired house, and received 
all that came in unto him, preaching the kingdom 
of God, and teaching those things which concern 
the Lord Jesus Christ, with all confidence, no 
man forbidding him." We know, too, that God 
overruled Paul's bondage and chains for good, 
and that it resulted in the organization of a strong 
church in Rome. So great waB the apostle's influ- 
ence that even some of the members of Csesar's 
household were converted to the faith. 

We know, too, that his life for these two years 
was active and full of work; not only did he 
preach the Gospel, but the care of other churches 
was upon him. Of his labor in Rome he speaks, 
in writing to the Philippians: "Bnt I would you 
should understand, brethren, that the thingB 
which happened unto me have fallen out rather 
unto the furtherance of the Gospel; eo that my 
bonds in OhriBt are manifest in all the Prfotoriuui 
and all other places." Here, too, he wrote the 
epistles to the GaJatians, Ephesians, Philippians, 
Colossiane, Second Timothy and Hebrews. 

Chrysostom, writing of Paul and his relations 
to the church at Rome, says: 'I honor Rome for 
this reason; for though I could celebrate her 
praises on many accounts, — for her greatness, for 
her beauty, for her power, for her wealth, and for 
her war-like exploits, yet passing over all these 
things I glorify her on this account, that Paul, in 
his life-time, wrote to the Romans, and loved 
them, and was present with, and conversed with 
them, and ended his life amongst them. Where- 
fore, the city is, on this account, renowned more 
than all otherB. On this account I admire her, 
not on account of her gold, her columns, or her 
other splendid decorations." 

Another author, writing of the labors of the 
apoBtle, says: "Paul had already accomplished 
much in the conversion of Binners. At Cyprus 
the Roman officer, Scrgiua Paulua, had been con- 
verted. At Athens he had preached to the court 
of the Areopagitee, and Dionyeius, one of that 
learned body of judges, had accepted -the Truth, 

And now at Rome he was doing valiant work 
the Master. His words are heard even in 
Golden House of Nero. Not only those who 
tend the court but Borne of the household of ( 
sar, possibly some of hie relatives, yield to 
power of tbe ambassador of Jesus Christ. TI 
he also gathered a group of eager disciples ab 
him. There was Onesiphorup, of Ephesus, ^ 
was not ashamed of Paul's chain, Epaphros, 
ColoEse, who was captive with him, Timothy, 
own son in the faith of the Lord Jesus Chi 
ith Hernias, Aristarchus, Marcus, Demas, i 
Luke, the well-beloved physician, the faiti 
companion and friend of the apostle." Th 
stood by him and comforted him. How blea 
IB the man who has helpful, loving friends in t 
of need! Friends not of a day, a month, o 
year, but friends for life and death. Such w 
Paul's friends, and surely he was richly bleaset 

On the Palatine Hill stood Cregar's judgm 
hall. We walked amid its ruins and though 
Paul standing here alone before Nero, the bk 
tained adulterer, who was to judge him and j 
upon the charges preferred against him by 
Jewish Sanhedrin. He is fully prepared for 
trial, and anxious for the time to come. He wr 
at this time: "According to my earnest expet 
tion and my hope, that in nothing I shall 
ashamed, but that with all boldness, as always 
now also Christ shall be magnified in my be 
whether it be by life, or by death. For to m> 
live is Christ, and to die is gain." He is read; 
go before Cneaar, but while he is waiting on I 
18, A. D. 64, a great fire broke out in the Cit; 
Rome, and raged with great fury for six days. 
is generally agreed that the City waB burned 
the order of Nero himself, and to escape suspi( 
he threw the blame on the Christians. The 
ault wae, a bloody, persecution was begun 
many were put to death. Paul, as the lead© 
the church, was at once brought before Caaaar 
condemned to death. He, with others, was ta 
to the Circus of Nero on the Vatican Hill i 
there this valiant soldier of the cross was pu 
death. We quote the account, given by Tac 
of tbi9 persecution, Dr. Forbes' translation: 

" Hence, to suppress the rumor, he, Nero, fs 
ly charged with the guilt, and punished with 
most exquisite tortures, the persons commc 
called Christians, who were hated for their e: 
mities ( being mixed up by the Romans with 
Jews, who, at this time, were in revolt). Cfc 
tus, the founder of that name, waB put to deat! 
a criminal by Pontius Pilate, procurator of Jn 
in the reign of Tiberius; but the pernicious 
perstit'ton, repressed for a time, broke out ag 
not only throughout Judea, where the misc! 
originated, but through the City of Rome t 
Accordingly, first those were seized who < 
f eased they were Christians; next, on their in 
mation, a vast multitude were convicted, no 
much on the charge of burning the City, at 
hating the human rac3. And in their deaths t 
were also made the subjects of sport, for 1 
were covered with the Bkins of wild animals 
worried to death by doge, or nailed to croBBes 
set fire to, and wh* n day declined, burned to s< 
for nocturnal lights. Nero cflLred his own 
dens for that spectacle, and exhibited a circen 
game, indiscriminately mingling with the c 
mon people in the habit of a charioteer, or 
standing in his own chariot; whence a feelin 
compassion arose towards the sufferers, thoi 
guilty and deserving to be made examples o 
capital punishment, because they seemed nc 

Jan 24 lb! 3 


be cat off for the public good, but victims to the 
ferocity of one man." (Annals of Tacit qb XV, 

This is the account of the first persecution of 
the Christians, written by a Roman and a pagan. 
To-day, as we walk among the ruins of the old 
City, we oan thank God that it is a ruin. The 
blood of the martyrs criea out against it and only 
in its ruins can we trace the ancient City of Rome, 
^e have, with more than ordinary interest, fol- 
lowed Paul in Italy and in the Imperial City, and 
we have only culled from the abundant material 
in hand. It would be interesting to give the rec- 
ords on the tombs, Btill found, of some of those 
who labored with him, Tryphena and Tryphoaa, 
for example, bat we have already exceeded our 
limit. What remains must be reserved for the 
future, if given at all. D. L. M. 

14 Dj not waste time writing poetry, unless 
jou are certain that yon are a ''born poet." "Po- 
ets are born, not made." 

15. Do not mix business with ma'ter iuteuded 
for publication. Keep each item separate and 
give your name and address with each one. We 
do not even read, much less publish, auonymouB 

16. When a meeting of any kind is over, do not 
delay sending in the report a week or two, but 
send it at once. We want fresh news and plenty 
of it. 

17. If yon write on postal cards, do not make 
the lines too close together. We always need 
some room to mark corrections. 

18. We cannot consent to return rejected manu- 
script. Please do not ask mm t > do bo. 

19. We reserve the right to decline all art:cl< s 
that do not answer our purpose. 


"Whatever is worth doing at all, is worth doing well. 

Neveii write for publication until you have 
something to write about, and be sure that ihai 
something will be interesting and profitable to the 
reader. Understand your sabj sot fully before you 
commence writing, and then do your best to make 
the article say just what you want printed. Be 
sure that yon have the matter down correctly. 

If you want your articlo read by every reader 
who gets the paper, make it short and to the 
point. People never get tired reading short arti- 
cles. We prefer articles that contain about 3,000 
words, or less. Good writers frequently rewrite 
their articles several times before Bending them 
to the printer. Few preachers have over 400 
hearers at their regular meetings, but those who 
have articles in the Messenger address many 
tV-fousand readers, hence the importance of using 
great care in preparing matter for publication. 

1. Write with black ink on white paper. Please 
do not use a pencil. 

2. The Bheets of paper, on which you write, 
Bhould not be over Bix inches wide, Leave one 
inch blank at the top of each page. 

3. Write on bub- one side of the paper. 

4. Punctuate your articles the best you know 
how. If you do not understand punctuation, 
omit it, and the printer will do that for you. 

5. When quoting Scripture, be sure you have it 
just as it stands in the book. Do not gueBS at it, 
but be sure of it. Do not fail to place quotation 
marks, thus, " Jesus wept." 

6. The names of persons and places should be 
written with great care, so that there may be no 
chance of misunderstanding them. 

7. Never write between the lines, and if the pa- 
per is very closely ruled, it is best to write on ev- 
ery other line. 

8. Write in as plain a hand as you can. We 
ask not for beauty, but something that can be eas- 
ily read. 

9. Number tho pages in the proper order, and 
pin them together at the top. 

10. Each article or eatsay should have a suitable 

11, Notes of travel should be as short as possi- 
ble. You need not tell at what hour you took the 
train, where you ate dinner, or where you put up 
at night, etc. Such things are not interesting, 
nor do they edify. 

12, Church news should be brief, and as inter- 
esting as possible. Make no excuses, but write 
plainly just what you want in the paper. 

13, Carefully guard against writing long obitu- 
aries. The shorter, the better, Meworiams we 
do not publish, 


" Write what thou leest, and a«nd It unto the churches." 

IVChurch News solicited for this Department. II you have had I 
good meeting, send a report of It, so that others may rejoice with you 
in writing give name of church, County and State. Be brief. Notes 
Travel should be as short as possible. Land Advertisements ate not so 
llcited tor this Department. We have an advertising page, and, if neces 
will issue supplements. 

From Booth, Kans. 

Oob Sunday-school haa been continued all win- 
ter with good interest Heretofore we thought 
we oould not keep it up in the winter. That is 
only an imaginary hinderance. If we keep up 

r regular appointments, and take our children 

we should, we can support the aohool just eb 

Our Bible class assumed a new form this win. 
ter. Instead of changing teachers every week, 
and all speaking promiscuously, our appointed 
teacher gives two or three chapters to be studied, 
so that those in attendance can answer any ques- 
tion in them. He puts the question on a slip of 
paper, numbered. When the number is culled, 
the person arises, reads the question, and answers 
it. If he is not prepared, any one in the claeB can 
answer. It has awakened quite an interest, espe- 
cially among the young people, and surely they 
will study the Bible. Why can we not have Bnch 
gatherings all over this broad land? Every local 
church could have one to profit, if they have a 
competent teacher. He must, however, master 
the lesson, and that requires close study. Time 
and means are wanting with many to go to the 
high schools a month. You oan have those ad- 
vantages at home without any expense. 

Bro. MoBes Dierdorfr and wife, from Iowa, are 
here and doing a good work for ua. We are en- 
joying an interesting aeriea of meetings at pres- 
ent, and hope much good will result. 

It does occur to me that the GosrEL Mesjen- 
gee should have a much larger circulation. Ev- 
ery family Bhould try to get their neighbors to 
take it. Send it to your remote, isolated friends. 
It will be more than ordinarily interesting during 
1893, I predict. Do good with it! 

Enoch Eby. 

From the Silver Creek Church, Ohio. 

We met in quarterly council Dec. 17, 1892. 
The church agreed to have a regular agent for the 
Messenger, and also a regular correspondent. 
Bro. Noah Long was ohosen for the former, and 
the writer for the latter, Bro. Jacob Keiser was 
forwarded to the seoond degree of the ministry. 

We had a series of meetings beginning Dec. 17, 
and continued until the evening of Jan. 5. Breth- 
ren Perry McKinney and Wm. McKinney, both 

of Metamors, Ohio, were with ne to moist in the 

meotinga. Saints were encouraged on their way 
to Ziou, while sinnera were warned to flee the 
wrath which ia to come. A. A. Throne. 

Pioneer, Ohio. 

From the Sugar Creek Church, Ohio. 

Deo 20 I left home for Lima, Ohio, to hold a 
aeries of meetings in the Sugar Creek church. 
One evening, as I waa going to ohurch, the horse 
became frightened and nearly -unmanageable. Aa 
I thought our lives were in danger, I jumped from 
the bnggy, and fell on the hard, frozen ground. 
I injured myself so much, that we thought a doc- 
tor had better be called to see if there were any 
broken bones. Happily none were broken. I 
had to lay by several days, but the meetings 
were continued by the home ministers, until I waa 
able to preach again. The brother in the buggy 
escaped injury, being able to check the horse. 
I was made to feel forcibly the language of Mo- 
ses to the children of Israel, when he saw danger, 
to bid them "stand Btill and see the salvation of 

One of the hard things in nature to do, is to 
keep still or quiet, when we aee danger. I have 
noticed that in ohnroh work. Too often, in an 
excited moment, we make the worst miatakes. 

The Lord blessed onr meetings with four addi- 
tions. Then my voice gave way and I became so 
hoarae, that I was compelled to close, much to 
the regret of many members. It is strange, how 
long we must preach at some places, before 
there is an awakening. J. H. MiLLEB. 

Goshen, Ind., Jan. 7. 

From the Bluo_Kiver Church, Whitley, Ind, 

Ode fourth quarterly council for the year 1892 
was held Dec. 3. The attendance was ema'l, but 
all business that came before the meeting was ad- 
justed in a ObriBtian-like Epirit. We have or- 
ganized a clasE-meetiDg which we hold every Sun- 
day evening. The meetings are interesting, but 
not very largely attended, on account of moat of 
the members living quite a distance from the 

On Saturday, Dec. 24, I was at North Man- 
chester. On Sunday, Dec. 25, I attended two 
meetingB in the Brethren's large and convenient 
house of worship. The Brethren at Manchester 
know how to treat strangers. I felt at home 
among them, Levi Zdmbbun. 

From Xogansville, Fa. 

At present we are engaged in a aeries of meet- 
ings in the Lower Oodorus congregation, York 
Co., Pa. After spending nealy three weeks in 
Dauphin County, we attended the Ministerial 
Meeting at York, which was interesting, and, we 
believe, profitable. After the meeting we met 
with the people of that place once for worship, 
after which we left for Carroll, Md. Dec. 18 we 
met with the Brethren at New Freedom, at their 
regular appointment, and continued with them 
each night until Wednesday. 

On the night of Dec. 23 we began at the meet. 
iDg-house, one mile east of Logansville — all in 
the bounds of the Lower Codorus congregation, 
York County, Pa. I expect to continue a few 
nights yet. We look for a bright future in this 
congregation. Samuel Bowseb. 

Dec. 30. ^^ , 

It is said that there are sixty-six Counties in 
the State of Iowa that have no saloons, and no 
criminals in jail. That speaks well for Iowa as, 

well ss for the prohibition principles, 


Jan. 24, 


From the Spring; Brauch Churcb, Mo. 

We have been hard at work building our new 
meeting-houEe. We built it out of sycamore lum- 
ber. We cut the timber and paid the bill for saw- 
ing. The lumber we dressed by hand. We have 
now inclosed the house, the floor laid, the paint- 
ing partly done, and supplied ourselves with a 
Btove. Oar first meeting was held on Christmas 
Day. Bro, M. T. Baer was our chief carpenter. 
We feel greatly rejoiced that our house of wor- 
ship is so nearly completed, and tender our united 
thanks to the General Mission Board for their do- 
nation, without which we could not have done 
what we have. 

On Saturday, Jan. 7, we held our regular 
church-meeting, at which a statement was made 
of our total expenses up to date. The members, 
though few and mostly poor, promptly raised the 
means to square up all indebtedness. Oar elder, 
M. T. Baer, could not be with us at our church 
meeting, on account of other pressing business, 
but Bro. James Campbell was present. All busi- 
ness passed off pleasantly. On Sunday, Jan. 8, 
our elder, M. T. Baer, dropped in at the opening 
of our meeting, and gave us a spirited talk. He 
ia out on a mission tour, intending to visit several 
churches in Missouri and South-eastern Kansas. 
I took him over to Bro. Forehand's, where he com- 
mences a series of meetings at the town of Quin- 
cy, Hickory County. May God bless the good 
cause every -where! Geoege N. Ihbiq. 

Jan, 9. 

Notes from Our Correspondents. 

rsty coul, so te good newi 

Greene, Iowa. — The Greene church met in its 
quarterly council-meeting Jan. 7. We adopted a 
new plan for raising money for church purposes. 
We have preaching and Snnday-Bchool each Sun- 
day.— Eiia Flora, Jan. 8. 

Pleasant Hill, Did.— Bro. Joseph Long, of Abbotts- 
ville, Pa., conducted a very pleasant and enjoy- 
able series of meetings at Pleasant Hill church, 
Dec. 10 to 19. Then Bro. B. Kittinger, of Gettys- 
burg, came and continued them a week longer. 
The meetings were well attended. One dear soul 
was baptized. — M. E. Ecker, Jan. 19. 

Bovnton, Pa.— I commenced a series of meetings 
in the Snake Spring Valley district, Cherry meet- 
ing-house, Pa., on the evening of Dec. 20 and re- 
mained over the following Sunday. During the 
meeting three were received into the fold by bap- 
tism. At present I am engaged in a series of 
meetings in the Johnstown church, Pa— Silas 
Hoover, Jan. 7. 

Boat Ida, Kans.— The Cedar Creek church met in 
quarterly council Jan. 14. All business passed 
cff pleasantly. Bro. Lafayette Watkins" was ad- 
vanced to the second degree of the ministry. A 
choice was held for a minister and two deacons. 
Bro. Elias Giffin was elected minister, and Bro. 
David Marple and the writer, deacons. Brethren 
James Hilkey and George Myers were present — 
Jared Colbert, Jan. 10. 

Hope, Kans.— Although we have no accessions to 
the church to report, wo are having seasons of re- 
freshing. The Sunday-school was discontinued 
for the winter but a Bible class organized. Much 
interest is 'being manifested in the work. Our 
church has recently been completed and now is 
very comfortable. Onr council was held in De- 
cember. All bueinesB was transacted in a Chris- 
tian spirit. We have seven ministers, who are la- 
boring with much zeal for the cause of Christ. 
D. H. Keller, Jan. 10, 

Purchase Line Churcn, Pa.— Eld. M. Claar is now 
holding a series of meetings at the Parchase Line 
church. I was with hiai several days last week, 
and when I left there was one applicant. The 
Lord be praised for his goodness! — Joseph Hoi- 
sopple, Jan. 2. 

Pleasant Valley, Va.— The Brethren of this church 
are building a new meeting-house, four miles 
north-west of the above-named church. The 
size of the house is 28x40. It is under good 
headway now. — Cephas D. Reed, Jlnm Ridge, 
Va., Deo. 9. 

Solomon's Creek, Ind.— Bro. I. J. Bosenberger is 
still with us, preaching to an overflowing house. 
One was baptized today, while others are serious- 
ly counting the cost. We are having splendid 
leighirjg; the mercury is ten degrees above ze- 
ro.— L. A. Neff, Jan. 8. 

Tear Coat, W. Va.— We are once more made to re- 
joice over the conversion of three more dear souls, 
ince Nov. 1 five precious souls have been re- 
ceived by baptism. We have a bright hope that 
there are others near the kingdom.— Maggie E. 
Flory, Pleasant Dale, W. Va. 

Nettle Creek, Ind.— Eld. I. D. Parker, of Ashland, 
Ohio, commenced a series of meetings at the 
White Branch meeting-house on the evening of 
D<:c. 10, and continued until the 26th. Eight pre- 
cious souls we're added to the church by baptism 
while others were brought near the kingdom. — 
Abraham Bowman. 

Sanfield, fflieb. — Bro. Isaiah Bairigh came to us 
Dec. 24, and remained till Jan. 1. He preached 
the Word with power. The members were much 
built up. Though there were no accessions, 
some good impressions were made. Could we 
have more such meetings, we believe much good 
oonld be done.— John D. Birman. 

Prairie View, Kans. — This is a new country, but 
one that is settled by a good class of people. 
There are a few members here, who would rejoice 
to see some of God's children move in from the 
East. If any of the brethren want to know what 
this country is, please ask me by letter. — Q. W. 
Armenirout, Dighton, Kans., Jan 6. 

Farmersville, Pa. — I was lately on a mission trip 
to Harrisburg, Pa,, and had encouraging meet- 
ings. There are about twelve members in Har- 
risburg, — a city of about 45,000 inhabitants, We 
had a hall rented but could not continue the 
meetings. I think of returning during the latter 
part of February.— Jacob K. Pfauiz, Jan. 11. 

Lower Fall Creek, Ind.— Bro. Troup closed his 
services on Christmas night. One soul who had 
wandered away, returned again to his Father's 
house. Some were made to think seriously, and 
we trust that they may continue to try to find the 
light. Bro. Walter Gustin is now holding forth 
the Word of Life in Middletown.— F. J. Etter, 
Jan. 32. 

Indian Creek, Pa.— Brethren Jeremiah Faust and 
I. B. Fergason, our home minister, came to this 
isolated outpost of the Indian Creek congregation, 
on the evening of Jan. 10, and preached at the 
house of Bro. Jamea Miller, who has been unable 
to walk or even sit on a cbair since August, 1882 
On Sunday forenoon our brethren preached at the 
Buchauan school-house, and on Sunday evening 
again at the house of Bro Miller. They preached 
fourteen sermons ia all, by which we were very 
much revived aud built up. Five precious souls 
were made willing to unite with the church of 
Christ, by being buried with Christ in baptism, 
A few weeks previous one dear soul was received 
by baptism. During the year 1892 there were 
twenty-two added to the Indian Creek congrega- 
tion.— Freeman Miller, Jan. 9. 

Hefisville, Pa.— Bro. J. M. Mohler came 1 
Dec. 9, 1892, at the Neffsville church in the 
Conestoga congregation, and held a seri- 
meetings. He was with us fourteen days 
preached in all sixteen sermons. Nine pre 
souls were made willing to unite with the ch 
There are others that are almost persuaded. 
h Eoans. 

Purchase Line, Pa.— Dec. 25 Bro. Michael 
bBgan preaching for us, and the good sleij 
brought big crowds, so we had a good, eoul-c 
ing meeting. He preached seventeen sen 
Two dear souls were willing to forsake the i 
of Satan and walk with the children of 
May they, with us, prove faithful until des 
Lizzie Fyock. 

Grater's Ford, Pa.— Bro. Jas. A. Sell labored ] 
fully with us from Dec. lto Dec. 30. The cl 
certainly has been greatly built up and beli 
strengthened. Four -precious souls have 
made willing to walk Zionward with ue. On 
ter has also been reclaimed. We are truly tl 
ful for the goodness of God toward us in sei 
us Buch refreshing seasons. — Emma Kulp^ Jt 

Eagle Creek, Ohio.— Bro., Henry Frantz came 
Dec, 21, and remained until Jan. 4, preaehi; 
all twenty-four sermons. He is an able expc 
er of the Word. Sister Frantz was also wi 
during the meetings and did good service, 
dear soul confessed Christ and was baptizec 
number of others were seriously impressed 
the Gospel call— J. R. Spacht, New Stark, C 

Sweet Hall, Va.— Bro. S. H. Myers, of Timber 
Va., came here Dec. 17. He delivered sii 
mona while with us. Owing to bad weath< 
did not have many outside of the few men 
that are scattered, but I think we all felt en 
aged to press forward. Only a few member 
living here and we always appreciate a visit 
some of the brethren when they come this w 
Daniel Royer. 

Philson's, Pa.— Bro. H. A. Stahl, assisted by 
E, N. Hostettler, commenced a series of mee 
here on the evening of Dec. 15, and continue 
til Sunday evening, Dec. 18. These brel 
preached five sermons on dootrinal points, 
"Faith," " Bepentance," "Baptism," "1 
Supper," and "Feet-washing." These were 
able sermons. Good seed was sown which f 
the hearts of some honest people, and has ei 
them to inquire and search their Bibles tc 
out the true way to serve the Lord.— N. F. . 

Pittsbnrg, Sans.— The faithful few at Pitti 
have again been much strengthened. Brc 
Wolfe came to us Saturday, Jan. 7. He pree 
two sermons while with us. We were diaapi 
ed about our series of meetings that was to I 
Jan. 15; but as Bro. Heestand could not coi 
will have to be postponed unless we can get 
one to fill his place. If any one can com- 
preach for us a week or two, please let us 1 
We expect to have the use of a hall, begii 
Jan. 15, and afterwards one week in each m 
— Jennie Corbin, Jan. 9. 

Brownsville, Hd.— We usually have two seri 
meetings in this congregation every year, o 
Brov/nsville, and one at Broad Bun church, 
meetings at Brownsville, began Jan. 3, and 
tinued until the 13th. Bro. Joseph A. ] 
of Abbott^towa, Pa,, did the preaching, 
preached twelve impressive sermons, thougl 
weather, most of the time, was very sever 
this latitude, sometimes down to zero. Tb 
tendance was very good. One dear sister i 
that good part, and went down into the icj 
ters and was buried with Christ in baptii 
Geo. W. Kaetzel, Jan. 13. 

Jan. 24, 


Bine Creek, Ind.— Bro. B. F. Honeyman, of Get- 
tysburg, Ohio, came to us Dec. 17 and preached 
seventeen interesting discourses. One precious 
bouI was restored to the fold. Saints were great- 
ly encouraged on the way and sinners were made 
to weep on account of their sins. Bro. George 
Stump came to us at the close of the meeting and 
preached two soul-stirring sermons. Good order 
and attention were manifested during the meet- 
ings. — Ida M. Worth, Chattanooga, Ohio. 

Eglon, W. Va. — We began a series of meetings at 
the Maple Spring church Dec. 23. Bro. W. A. 
Gaunt, of Bealton, W. Va., came among us and 
preached for us each evening and twice on Sun- 
day, till the evening of Dec. 29, when the meetings 
closed. This is the third series of meetings for 
this year. One came out on the Lord's side, Bro. 
Gaunt then went to the Brookside church and be- 
gan to preach for them each evening and twice on 
Sunday, till Jan. 8, when two more came out on 
the Lord's side at the Brookside church. — Lewis 
S. Weimer. 

Fairview, Va. — This is the name of the new 
church, built by the Brethren of the Linville 
Greek congregation. It was dedicated on Ne^ 
Year's Day. Owing to the very inclement weath- 
er the attendance was not large, but those present 
enjoyed an instructive sermon by Bro. D. Hays. 
His text was taken from Heb. 3 : 1-G. The church 
is in a neighborhood where the doctrine of the 
Brethren is not generally known, and we hope the 
work done here may be such as will be "to the 
glory of God."— J. Samuel Boiler, New Market, 
Va, Jan 2. 

Sidney, Nebr.— Dec. 29 Bro. John Snowberger, 
of Holyoke, Colo., and Bro. Owen Peters, of 
Holmesville, Nebr., came to the Grand Prairie 
church, to hold a series of meeiings. On Satur- 
day, Dec. 31, after holding a council, Bro. Snow- 
berger started for home, leaving Bro. Peters to 
continue the meetings. T be seed sown began to 
bring forth fruit the second week of the meetings, 
and five precious souls came to the church. Bro. 
Andrew Snowberger, of Holyoke, Colo., expects to 
be with us Feb. 1, to hold another series of meet- 
ings if all things permit. — S. N. Slingluff, 
Jan. 13. 

Gardner, Kans. — The Olathe church has reason to 
rejoice. Dec. 18 we commenced a series of meet- 
ings at oar meeting-house west of Gardner, and 
closed Jan. 8. Bro. John Sherfy, of Pomona, 
Kans., did the moBt of the preaching, being with 
us two weeks. The Lord blessed the labors and 
prayers of his children, and seven came out and 
were baptized. Three of them are heads of faml 
lies, and two are the first of all their friends to 
come to the Brethren. Since Oct. 29 eleven have 
been baptized. Jan. 21, if the Lord will, I shall 
commence work at a new point west of Ottawa, 
and from there go to Lane, also a new point. Our 
motto is, work. — Isaac H. Grist, Jan. 9. 

Pleasant Valley, Va.— On Thursday night, Dec. 15 
elders Henry SheetB and A. J. Reed, of North Car- 
olina, came to the Pleasant Valley church and held 
six meetings. Six dear souls applied for member- 
ship. Three of them have been baptized. Oar 
brethren then went to a school-house near Hylton, 
where Bro. Sheets preached on Sunday, after 
which he went to Union, on Burk's Fork. Bro. 
Reed remained with the home brethren at the 
school-house where we had four meetings. Four 
souls made application to become members since 
that time. Bro. Noah Beed and the writer went 
to the Sumpter school-honse and held three meet- 
ings, which seemed to be very much appreciated. 
"We then went to the Mountain View school-house 
and held four meetings, with three applications 
for membership.— Sam uel P. Reed, Dulaney, Va, 

Cerro flordo, HI.— I think the biographical sketch 
of Eld. Geo. Wolfe, in the Almanac, rescues from 
parative oblivion one of the greatest lights of 
our Brotherhood. It is highly appreciated by the 
Brethren.— D. B. Gibson, Jan. 12. 

Homeworth, Ohio.— Brethren Parker and Kahler 
recently held a series of meetings in the Sandy 
church, Columbiana County, Ohio, which resulted 
in four additions to the church. We are all in 
love and union, and in good working order. The 
Gospel Messenger goes into every family, and 
is doing much good. It is a power for good, and 
greater efforts should be made to have a still 
larger circulation. — D. W. Thomas, Jan. 11. 

lohnstown, Pa. — We began a series of meetings at 
the Griffin Hill meeting-house Dec. 17, 1892, and 
closed Jan. 1, 1893. Bro. George S. Eairigh, of 
Johnstown, Pa , conducted the meetings. He la- 
bored faithfully and earnestly. He preached, iu 
all, twenty soul-cheering sermons. As an imme- 
diate result five precious eouls were made willing 
to be buried with Christ iu baptism and two were 
reclaimed. May they all prove shining lights in 
the church!— Annie lltbblet, Jan 2 

Woodland, II!.— Our quarterly council was held 
Dec. 7, but on account of rainy weather few were 
present. Our series of meetings, which was con 
ducted by Bro. Silas Gilbert, from Ohio, was ( 
most glorious oue. During 1892 fourteen were 
received into the church by baptism and two re^ 
claimed. The church, thinking that we need an 
improvement in our singing, has decided to have 
a singing cIbbs at each meeting-house. Bro. John 
McClure, from Cerro Gordo, 111 , will conduct 
these exercises. — Lydia Bucher, Astoria, 111. 

KaskasMa Church, 111.— The Ksskaekia church has 
a prosperous, evergreen Sunday-school, with Bro. 
P. W. Richard?, Superintendent, and nearly all 
the members interested in its success. We 
to hold a children's meeting Feb. 12, after which 
we expect a Bhort vacation. Bro. Allen Tayloi 
has lately moved here and preached his first d is 
course laat Scicday. A few years ngo he did somt 
good work for the Master here and he has hosts 
of friends to welcome him in our midst Three 
other dear members were received by letter Jsn 
8.— Granville Nevinger, Bcecher City, III. Jan 

Beech Grove, Ind.— Deo 17 Bro. Henry Fadley, of 
Honey Creek, Ind., came to us to hold a series of 
meetings, and contintied each evening acd part of 
the time daring the day until Dee. 28, preaching 
in all eighteen soul- stirring sermons As an im- 
mediate result two dear ones were reclaimed amid 
great rejoicing. Dec. 28 Bro Fadely recti vol the 
sad news to hasten home, that hie infant child was 
dead. The meetings were then continued by the 
home ministers uutil Jan. 2, when Br<\ Samuel 
Younce, of Baton, Ind , came to us and held forth 
the Word with power to fair audiences uutil Jan. 
9, when our meetings closed. There were no ad- 
ditions. — Luther Bedel, Jon. 10. 

Stockport, Ind.— In Messenger of Jan. 10 Bro. 
Crosswhite, in his piece concerning Muncie, says, 
the city claims a population of 20,000, and in the 
preceding paper I said 15 or 16,000 inhabitants. 
I would just say for the benefit of the readers that 
know the nature of a city that is "booming" that 
she claims anywhere from 15,000 to 20,000. Our 
reports rather conflicted, you see. I hope Bro. 
Crosswhite will pardon me for correcting him con- 
cerning Whitely being the manufacturer of the 
McCormick machine. He is the manufacturer 
of the Whitely machine. He was formerly con- 
nected with the Whitely, Foesler and Kelly Com- 
pany of Springfield, Ohio, in the manufacturing 
of the Champion machines, but is now a separate 
company.— O. W. Booke, Jan, 10. 

Union City, Ind.— Bro. Joseph Holder closed a 
very interesting and edifying series of meetingB, 
Jan. 1, at our brick house, one and one-half miles 
th of the city. The attendance was as good as 
could be reasonably expected on account of mea- 
sles prevailing in the surrounding country and 
city. Our dear brother labored with earnestness 
and zeal. We are assured that the labors were 
not in vain, for the souls and spirits of the saints 
of the Lord were greatly strengthened and en- 
couraged. — W. K. Simmons, Jan. 11. 

Bethany, Ind.— The members here met Dec. 8, to 
organize a church. Not having any minister in 
our congregation, Bro. Chas. Campbell, from the 
White church, Clinton County, was selected as 
our elder. We met again Dec. 31, at which time 
Bro. Campbell preached his first sermon for ub in 
the evening. He also preached the next morning 
and evening, The Brethren were nearly unknown 
in this vicinity, until within the last two or three 
years. We are now a little band of about thirty 
members.— Maggie Keeney, Jan. S. 

Darkoavllle, W. Va.— Bro. Samuel Ulz, of New 
Market, Frederick County, Md., came to this 
place Dec. 26, and preached every evening until 
Jan. 5, preaching, in all, eleven aoul-cheering ser- 
mons. Six applicants promised to unite with us 
in the* near future. They are all heads of fami- 
lies and clasB-leaders iu both the Methodist and 
United Brethren churches, and still others are 
counting the cost. This point is in charge of the 
missionary board of Western Maryland and will 
prove a success if properly attended to. — J. O. 

Bird City, Kans.— Bro. M. Peterson, from the 
Fairview church, came among us Dec. 17, and 
preached three sermons. He was assisted by Bro. 
John Hollinger, who preached two eermons. On 
account of stormy weather, the attendance was not 
large, but much interest was manifested. We are 
rather isolated and would be pleased to have some 
of our brethren preach for us. We have a grod 
openirjg for Borne ministering brother to move 
among us and would like to correspond with nny 
one dfBiring a healthy Iccalion in a fine countiy, — 
C. H. Slifer, Jan. 2. 

Campboll, Mich.— The Distxiot Meeting of the 
State District of Michigan will be held with the 
Brethren of the New Haven church, Gratiot Co. 
Mich., on Saturday, Feb 17, 1893, commencing a*. 
9 A.M. A full representation is desired. Dele- 
gates west will come to Grand Ripide; there takn 
the Grand Rapids & Indiana R R north to Cedar 
Springs, and change to the Toledo, Saginaw & 
Muakegan It. R. f running east to Carson City, 
where they will be met by informing G. E Stone, 
of Carson City. Thces from the East will lake 
the Toledo, Saginaw A Muskegon B R to Mid- 
dleton, where they will he met by informing Eld. 
E Bo3eerman, of Middleton.— S. M. Smith, Jan. 

Anhurn, W. Va.— We expected to have a series of \ 
meetings held at our place by Eld. D. J. Miller, 
but as he was somewhat tlHicted and could not be 
here, we concluded, by the help of God, to hold it 
ourselves. We commenced Dec. 4 and continued 
with great interest. We held meetings only at 
night through the week and two meetings each 
Sunday. We had good singing all through the 
meetings and the best of order that I ever saw, — 
good congregations all the time. We had twenty- 
six meetings in all. At the closo of the meetings 
we had thirteen applicants for baptism. Their 
desire was to be baptized on New Tear's Day. At 
that time the ice, seven inches thick, was cut, and 
we buried five applicants with Christ in baptism; 
the other eight will be baptized in the near fut- 
ure. "We reclaimed two. — M. C. Czigan. 


Literary Notices. 

"The Treasury of Rellgl >us Thought" for January, 1893, 
U on our table replete with good things as usual. The full 
sermons are four In number, each one of which Is excellent 
and a credit to Its author, as follows: Dr. J. J. Helschmann, 
of the Lutheran church; Dr. Mc Arthur, of the BjplUt church; 
Rev. W. J. Livingston, of the Episcopal church, and Rev. J. 
L. Harris, of the Congregational church. There Is a fine por- 
trait of Dr. Helschmann, an excellent view of his church, and 
an appreciative sketch of Ms life. The Leading Sermonic 
Thoughts are by Dr Broadus, Archdeacon Farrar, Rev. T. 
Harper, Bishop Bowman a. d Dr. Stalker. Prof. Wolf has a 
fine article on Revelation the Answer to Agnosticism. Dr. 
Burdett Hart gives an exquhlte Pen-Picture of Dr. Carpenter, 
Bishop of Ripon. Prof. Ince, of Oxford, discusses the Educa- 
tional Value of the Old Testament. The question, Are We 
Good Stewards? Is answered by Rev. W. H. Temple. A 
Very notable article on Profanity In the Home, by Dr. Smith, 
of Edinburgh, should be pondered by all. Prof. Schodde 
writes most instructively on Fresh Light from the East. 
Other articles are, All at Work, The Power of Utterance, 
Surrendering to Worldllness, Israel Returning to Palestine, 
Explanation of Sunday-school Lessons, Current Religious 
Though', Survey of Christian Progress, elc, with editorials 
on, To Love and to be Loved, The Pre-eminent Wish, "I 
wish above all things," Health Prosperity, Worldly Prosper- 
ity, Soul Prosperity—and all departments full. Yearly sub- 
Bcrlptlon, $250 Clergymen, $2. Single copies, 25 cents. 
E. B. Treat, publisher, 5 Cooper Union, New York. 

A stnnonlc exposition or Homil tic suggestion on every 
paragraph or veise of the Old Ttstamtnt, that can Ve UEed to 
advantage In the preparation of sermons, is contained In 
"The Preachei'* Complete Homiletlc Commentary on the 
Old Te tament" which the Funk & WagnalJs Company will 
Issue on Jan. 20 The noik has beenlstued In England. The 
American edition by the above named firm, and which is 
printed from the original plates, supplied by the London pub- 
lishers of the work, will prove of great value. This vast Com- 
mentary Is by twenty distinguished Biblical scholars, and is 
highly commended by representalive men among the clergy 
of the various denominations. " It is," says the Bishop of 
Central New York, "an original and un'qie addition to the 
critical apparatus of men engaged In the practical work of the 
ministry." The work is In twenty octavo tolumes, has over 
twelve thousand pages, copious Indicts In each volume; be- 
sides a complete indtx volume to the entire series- It exhib' 
Its the homiletlc possibilities cf thousands of texts, and will 
doubtless prove a great granary for homiletlc thought and Il- 

"Criminology." By Aithur MacDonald. Large iamo, 
c'oth, 416 pp, with Bibliography of Crime, etc, $j. New 
York, London, and Toronto: Funk & Wagnnlls Company. 
The science of crime and criminals opei.s up a vast field of 
great interests, not only to the scholar « ho investigates caus- 
es and s<q lences, classes and peculiaiiiies, but to the ordinary, 
thoughtful man who, recognizing the awful effects of crime, 
and real'Eing something of the almost innumerable number of 
criminals, desires to know of these ih momena in their rela- 
tions to society, to the human race. In this age of "better 
things "we have been led to believe that, while 1 he punish- 
ment of criminals is necessary for the protection of life and 
property, yet the prevention of ciime Is the desidei atum de- 
voutly wished for. To effect this, as far as possible, Is the 
problem to be solved, and thote who are attempting its solu- 
tion have investigated the causes of ciime, not sin in the ab- 
stract, but ciime In its awful concrete power. Find and ana- 
lyze the causes, and then remove them, is the only scientific 
solution of this problem. The main work closes with some 
general practicable conclusions which are worthy of close at- 
tention. An extensive and exhaustive bibliography of crime, 
of the best books and articles, in the several languages, follow. 
No other such bibliography has ever been issued. 


PARKS— PRATT.— At the residence of the officiating 
minister, M. H. Fowler, Fredericksburg, Iowa, Jan. 5, 1893, 
Mr. Joseph Parks and skier Minnie Pratt. 

M. H. Fowler. 

DIEHL— WAMPLER.— At the residence of the bride's 
parents, Dec. 22, 1S92, by Bro. S. A. Sanger, Bro. Harvey J. 
Dlehl, of Scott's Ford, Rockingham Co , Va., and sister Mag- 
gie Wampler, of Weyer's Cave, Augusta Co , Va. 

MOORE-SHAFER.— At the home of brother and sister 
Starr, Waddara's Grove, 111., Dec. :o, 1892, by Bro. Israel 
Stees, Bro. William Moore, of Jo Daviess County, 111., and 
Bister Lizzie Shafer, of Stephenson County, 111. 

H. C. Sthes. 

DIEHI — CLINE.— At the residence of the bride's par- 
ents, Dec. 29, 1892, by Bro. Joseph Cllne, Mr. Isaac F. Dlehl, 
of Scott's Ford, Rccklngham Co, Vs., and sister Ida B. 
Cllne, of New Hope, Augusta Co., Va. J. W. Rodhffer. 

LONG— SHEPLER.— At the bride's home, Dec. 25. 1892, 
by the writer, Bro. Peter Long, of Kechl, Kans, and sister 
Eaher Shepler, of Peabody, Kans. Geo. Stryciier. 

WOLFORD-CLINE.— At the residence of the officiating 
minister, Dec 28, 1892, Mr. William Wolford and Miss Min- 
nie C. Cllne, both of Downsvllle, Washington Co , Md. 

KUHN— SENSENBAUGH.— At the residence of the of- 
ficiating minister, J. A. Brlcker, Bro. Samuel F. Kuhn snd 
Miss Mary E. Sensenbaugh, Loth of near Bakersvllle, Wash- 
ington Co., Md. J. A. Bricker. 

HAMILTON— JONES.— At the home of the bride's par- 
ents, Cherokee Co., Iowa, Jan. 1, 1893, by John Early, Mr. 
Robert B. Hamilton, of Lyons County, Iowa, and Miss Hat- 
tie Jones, of Cherokee County, Iowa. John Early. 

HARDESTY— LONG.— At the home of the bride's par- 
ents, near Denver, Colo., Jan. 1, 1892, by the undersigned, 
John Hardesty and Edith F. Long, both of Jefferson County, 
Colo. d. H. Weaver. 

BLOCHER-GALLASPIE.— At the residence of the un- 
dersigned, near North Manchester, Ind., Dec. 2S, 1S92, by the 
writer, Bro. Samuel S. Blocher and sister Rachel E. Gallas- 
pie, all of North Manchester, Ind. Isaac Miller. 

Fallen Asleep. 

: Lord 

SUMMER.— In the Abilene congregation, Dickinson Co., 
Kans., Dec. 27, 1892, Bro. Manasseh Summer, aged 69 years, 
5 months and 16 days. He leaves a heart-stricken compan- 
ion and eight children. Funeral services by the writer from 
Amos 4: 12, «Pr.pare to meet thy God." J. E. Kelier. 

BEAR.— In the Aughwlck church, Huntingdon Co., Pa., 
Aug. 2i, 1S92, sister Catharine Bear, aged 96 jeais, 6 months 
and 7 days. Deceased was born in York County, Pa , and 
moved to this County in 1838. She lived a widow alrr.ost fif- 
ty years and was a faithful member of the Brethren church 
for a long period of her life. Her last 3 ears were spent In the 
home of her daughter Anne, wife of Bro. George Garver. 
She was the mother of ten children, only three of whom sur- 
vive. Interment was made In the family burylng-ground, In 
Hill Valley. Services in the Hill Valley church by Eld. 
James Lane.. Walter S. Lokg. 

SHELLEY.— At Tuhunga, Los Angeles Co., Cai., Dec. 
15, 1892, Bro. Jacob Shelley, aged about 56 years. He leaves 
a wife and a number of children Bro. Shelly was, for many 
years, a faithful deacon of the church. He had a long season 
of sickness and suffering, but now he is freed from the ti.lals 
of this wotld. Funeral discourse by Eld. Peter Overholser. 
J. S. Flory. 

McNETT— In Washington City, Va., Nov. 29, 1892, Da- 
vid Peyton McNett, aged 21 years, 5 months and j6 da^s. 
His remains were brought home next morning, accompanied 
by his brothers, and interred at Barren Ridge. Funeral by 
the writer and Eld Samuel Driver from Ps. 90: 12. 

S. W. Garber. 

ANDES— In the Pleasant Valley congregation, Augusta 
C->., Va , Bro. William G. Andes, aged 69 years and 17 days. 
Funeral services from Rev. 14: 12-14. s - F - Sanger. 

JENNINGS.— In Brownsville, Md., Dec. 23, 1893, Bro. 
Samuel Jennings, aged nearly 78 years. His mortal remains 
were interred on Christmas morning. Funeral services by 
Ell Yourtee and D. Clay Deener. A. C. Castle. 

LYBROOK.— In the Four Mile congregation, Union Co, 
Ind., Dec. 1, 1892, Bro. Baltzer Lybrook, aged 70 years, 3 
months and 22 days. He was born and raised in the immedi- 
ate neighborhood. He was mirried to Jane Cunningham, 
Dec. 12, 1844. He united with the Brethren in 1S71, and has 
faithfully discharged the duties of the effice of deacon for the 
last sixteen years. He follows four children to the eternal 
world, and leaves a wife and seven grown-up children. He 
lived a life worthy of Imitation. His sickness was long and 
painful, but he bore it with Christian fortitude. He was 
aiolntedin his last sickness and expressed himself as being 
go. The funeral services were conducted by the 
Edward M. Cobb. 

BALSBAUGH.— In the Mexico church, Miami Co., Ind., 
Dec 5, 1S92, Bro. Daniel Balsbaugh, aged 71 years, S months 
and 4 days. He was born in Dauphin County, Pa., moved to 
Indiana in 1854, and has lived In the State ever since. When 
the division took place in our Brotherhood, he went with the 
Old Order Brethren. He lived a consistent and Christian life 
bsfore all men until his death. He look sick on Saturday ev- 
ening, Dec. 3, and on the following Monday his spirit took its 
departure. His disease was congestion of the stomach and 
Henry Balsbaugh, 


MILLER.— In the Rock Run church, Dec. 28, 
consumption, sister Mary M. Miller, wife of John 1 
"ged 33 years, 2 months and 10 days. She leaves a 
and four children. Sister Miller was very devote 
caufe she espoused. During her sickness she self 
text ficm 1 Cor. 15: ic-15, 4:1-45. Services by I. L 
R. W. Dave: 

BLUCHER.— At NIckerson, Kans, Dec. 18, i& 
Sarah Blucher, aged 89 years. She was born In , 
County, Pa , ar.d united with the Brethren church c 
years ago. She was severely afflicted for sixteen ye 
neral services by Bro. Moses Dierdorff from Ps. 138 

: M 


HAINES —Dec. 22, Allen Haines, at the age of 
3 months and 16 days. He was a consistent memb 
church. Funeral by the writer from the words, "IV 
to his long home." Dorsey Hoi 

KRABILL.— In the Lick Creek church, Willi; 
Ohio, Dec. j 7, 1S92, Maud Elsie, Infant daughter 
W. and sister Florence M. Krabill, aged 7 month 
days. Funeral services by Bro. George Sellers. 

M. J. Bosse 

WEBSTER— In the bounds of the Walnut Creel 
Mo., Dec. 17, 1892, of liver complaint, friend John 
aged 30 years, 4 months and 16 days. He leaves a 
ion and one child. Funeral services by the writer 
by Bro. Joseph Brubaker, from Job 17: II. 

Israel ' 

KRABILL— In the Portage church, Wood Coun 
Dec. 20, 1S92, Eld. John Krabill, aged 79 years an 
Deceased was called to the ministry in 1849, and 
vanced to the full ministry In 1867. He labored fait 
his calling until the day of his death. He reared se 
dren, all of whom are faithful members in the churc 
sons and one son-in-law are in the ministry. Thus, ■ 
labors did not extend over so large a field as those 
others, yet his work was well done. Funeral service 
L. H. Dickey and S. B. Thomas. M. A. D: 

BECHTEL.— In the town of Cadiz, Green Co, W 
19, 1892, sister Martha Bechtel, nee Jonsxm, aged SS j 
24 days. Funeral services by brethren D. B. Eb; 
Lutz and Israel Stees. Text, 2 Cor. 5: 1-3. 

Allen I 

FIELDS.— In Elkhart, Ind., Jan. i, 1893, Mrs 
Fields, nee Mirter, aged 20 years, S months and 2S da 
neral services by the writer, assisted by Bro. I. D. Pi 


. Mi 

HART.— In the bounds of the Anttoch church, I 
ton Co, Ind., Dec. 28, 1S92, Bro. Benjamin B. Hart, 
years, 3 months and 22 days. Funeral at Monumt 
Ind., by the writer, assisted by J. W. Southwood, fr 
11:16. O. C. 

HARDMAN.— In the Hamilton congregation, t 
Co., Mo., Nov. 18, 1892, of typhoid fever, sister HctU 
loved wife of Eld. D. C. Hardman, aged 63 years,; 
and 12 days. She was the mother of seven childre 
sons and four daughters. The funeral was deferrec 
count of sickness in the family at the time. 

Hettie C. Har 

The Gospel |ffessenge# 

Is the recognized organ of the German Baptist or Brethren' 
and advocates the form of doctrine taught in the New Testa 
pleads for a return to apostolic and primitive Christianity. 

It recognize (be New anient .is '.he only Infallible, rule of 
practice, ?nd maintains that Faith toward God, Repentance f 
works, Regeneration of the heart and mind, baptism by Trine I 
lor remission of sins unto the reception of the Holy Ghost by I 
on oi hands, are the means oi adoption into the household of < 

It also maintains that Feet-washing, as taught in John 13, bo 
ample and command of Jesua, should be observed in the church 

That the Lord's Supper, instituted by Christ and as unlve 
served by the apostles and the early Christians, is a full mea 
connection with the Communion, should be taken in the evenin 

That the Salutation of the Holy Kiss, or Kiss of Charity, 1: 
upon the followers of Christ. 

That War and Retaliation are contrary to the spirit and eel 
principles of the religion of Jesua Christ. 

That the principle oi Plain Dressing and ol Non-conionrI 
: New Testament, should be observed b 



In short, it Is a vindicator of all that Christ and the apostles 
joined upon us, and alms, 2mid the conflicting theories and dl 
modern Christendom, to point out ground that all must concede 

pThe aboye principles of our Fraternity are s 
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Which is the Right Church, 
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Why Am I Not a Christian! .... 2C 

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Any book in the market furnished at pub 
ishers' lowest retail price by the Brethren's 
Publishing Company, Mt. Morris, 111. Spe- 
cial prices given when books are purchased in 
quantities. "When ordering books, not on 
our list, if possible give title, name of author, 
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Webster's International Dictionary. —Latest edi- 
tion. Write for special low prices. 
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iQsephus' Complete Works.— Large type, 1 vol. 8vo. 

Illustrated with many steel and wood engravings. 

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Close Communion.— By Landon West. Treats this 

important subject in a simple though conclusive 

the Story of the Bible. —An excellent volume for 
old and young; will interest and instruct all those 
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t^-The following books. Sunday-school 
supplies, etc„ are for sale by the Breth- 
ren's Publishing Co., Mt. Morris, 111., or 
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For Sunday-school teachers and sdiolats this publi- 
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Our paper J; de: .-:ie>l '•''• '.he Sunday 1 '<■■■■ \ . '••! I ;■: 
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an agent in every church. Send for sample copies. 

Europe and Bible Lands.— By D. L. Miller. A book 
(or the people,— more comprehensive and thor- 
ough than many higher-priced works. Price, cloth, 
Si.50; leather, tuo. 

Quinter and McConncll Debate,— A debate on Trine 
Immersion, the Lord's Supper, and Feet-washing, 
between Eld. James Quinter (German Baptist) 
and Eld. N. A. McConnell (Christian) held at Dry 
Creek, Iowa, 1S&7. Price, $1.50. 

lily I 


: harmony of the Gospels, Chronology, 
ps, Tables of Weights and Measures, Family 
:ord, eight elegant illustrations, etc. Price, 
stantlaliy bound, I4.50. 


This is Just the Quarterly for the little 
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This is a neatly-printed and well-bound 
volume of 426 pages, containihg a well- 
written biographical sketch of Eld. James 
Quinter and forty of his sermons. 

The biographical part will be found quite 
Interesting, Instructive and Impressive. No 
one can read an account of Bro. Qulnter's 
life without feeling deeply and favorably Im- 
pressed. The work shows how a poor 
orphan boy, by hard work, and faithfulness to 
his religious convictions, rose step by step, 
until he reached a field of usefulness and 
honor as broad as the Nation Itself. Though 
dead, his good deeds and the Impressive 
examples In piety, learning and simplicity 
will follow him for generations to come. 

The Sermon Department contains many of 
his choice sermons, which will prove exceed- 
ingly interesting and profitable reading to all, 
and especially to onr ministers and Isolated 
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This excellent work, which we offer for 
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significations of ihe principal words, hy which 
their true, Scriptural meaj 1-ig mav be kno7/n. 
A full account of Jewish custom* and cere- 
-nonies Is given as we!) as a complete con- 
-'■ of the propel of the Bible 
and of the books Lulled \ixw-rypri*. 



A new edition of this deserved ly-populai 
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Bro. Beery has had a large experience In 
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Watch for the MONON'S new schedule to 

Good Books for All. 

All for Christ.— By Thomas Carter. Every 

earnest Christian cannot help but be benefited by 
the reading of this excellent work. Cloth, 65 cts-. 

A Homiletic Encyclopedia.— By R. A. Bert« 

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commentary on Holy Scripture, Cloth, 92.50. 
Before an Audience.— By Nathan Sheppard. 

A wm-k ol fipi.-i inl liL-ntlit to all who apeak in nub- 
ile, showing the use of the will In public speak 

Bible Teachings in Nature. —By Hugh Mac- 
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and this is shown In the above work. Cloth, 81.75. 

Cyclopedia of Illustrations.— By Elon Fos- 
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Cyclopedia of Sermons.— By J. Burns. This 

, v.- Uli Iri.lki,!- 

al Study, will pi iivr a valuable help to any minia- 

Evcnts and Epochs in Religious History,— 
By James Freeman Clarke. This work shows In 
graphic manner the history of religion In the dll- 

Fcathers for Arrows.— By Charles H. Spur- 

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God's Light on Dark Clouds.— By T. L. 
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Meditations on Life, Death and Eternity.— 
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getie Bible student. Cloth, f 1.00. 

Pulpit Cyclopedia,— By J. Bu 

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Spurgeon's Gems. — By C. H. Spiirgeoti. 

the best thoughts to be found in the sermons ol 
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Cloth, 82.00; alligator, 82.50; sheep, (3.00. 


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A desirable tfoaoe farm, three miles north 
and one half mile west of Parsons, Labette 
Co.. Kami, fairly well improved For fur- 
ther pait'culnra or plal <•( farm call on or ad- 
dress, J. V., Cerro Gordo, 111. sotf 

Classified Minutes cf Annual Meeting-, 
with Appendix. 

Not all the members of our church have 
that perfect knowledge of our principles, that 
Is so desirable. Others theie are who are 
well acquainted with the church as it exists, 
but who would like to know something of her 
past history, as regards her gradual growth 
and development. In fact, all who are Inter- 
ested In the welfare of the church, that Is so 
dear to all of us, should have access to a com- 
plete compilation, Mich as Is found In the 
"Classified Minutes oE Annual Meeting," 
twelve thousand pages, copious indicts In 
with the appendix, containing the minutes up 
to the present date. We sell this work at on- 
ly $:.7S for cloth binding. Be sure io send 
for a copy while the supply is still on hand. 
Those who have the old nlitton of the " Clas- 
sified Minutes," can have the " Appendix " in 
separate binding for 25 cents. 

Kehhouse, of Elkhart, lnd. 

he bought [ 
p, of Ltgonle'r, lnd , or J. V. 

Burling, 011 


A Tenant Wanted ! 

directions for ordering. 

np for cii-culars, giving full 

ENTERPRISE MF3. CO., Columbiana, Onio. 

Farm for Sale. 

ten 1 

* aesiraoie prop* 
of Mt. Mori Is, consisting of 1S5 acres of well- 
Improved land. One of the finest country 
residences in Ogle County. For further par- 


4itf Mt. Morris, 111. 

The lIolliiiL>cr Fcncckw 

We are still hi the field, pushing the best 
Fence In the world with all the force possible 
Parties, desiring to correspond with us should 
observe the following 

E3T~A11 orders from Qhio should be ad 
dressed to Miami Fence Co., Miamisburg, 

D^"A11 orders from Pennsylvania should 
be addressed to Pennsylvania Fence Co., Un 
ion Deposit, Pa. 

£3pAll outside ol the above States, should 
be addressed to Hollfnger Fence Co., Green- 
ville, Ohio. .tSti 

Wolf's Business College. 

^ola-rLd. c:h-IrLa,s 

Show Figs a Specialty ! 

I have an extra fine tot of fail Pigs for 
sale; also several from last spring, either Sex. 
I invite correspondence, or come to my place. 
Pi ices may be ascertained by correspondence. 

J. B. Colcxessek, 
49eowi4 Roanoke, Huntington Co , lnd. 

$500 Reward ISiflSI 

( Cure Co., Bourbon, lnd. 

Excursions to California. 


Chicago and St. Lonis, 




P. S. Eustis, 

Gen. Pass. Agt., 


Lessons in Penmanship, 

Look here, reader, do jou know that von 
n improve your writing 50 per cent by tak- 

have helped hundreds cf loung men and 
:n to good-paying pcsitlons, End I car 

help you, if you will join my class and follow 

my instructions. A twelve weeks* course 
cost you only $4. A fine circular, glv. 
full particulars, free. Address G. E 
wer, Ptlncipal Art Department, Mt 

Monis College, 111. it! 


mng more people, for 1 
■remedy in existence, 
ent, by mail only $. <x 

I Say, Farmer, 

e you not making a mistake by allowing 
the horns to grow on your calves? 

Brayton's Certain Horn Preventer 

1 Depot), Kansas City, 

I Sleeping Car 
. to the Pacific 


Warsaw, lnd., 




Wa make a specialty of plain clot 
put in good cloth and trimmings and 
them up first-class In every way. 

Complete catalogue of all kinds of clc 
for men and boys, rules for self-measure 
tape-measure, and samples of cloth, 
hlch Brethren's suits are made, will bi 
1 any address on receipt of six cer 

an's Sovereign Balm of 



dby Dr. G. N. Bolder 

Dubbel's Cough and Croup 

James T. Quinlan, 

Shipping & Commission Merchant, 

305 S. Charles St., Baltimore, Md. 

a cold o 


..mly , 

S. B. Dubbel & < 

Waynesboro, Franklin Co., Pa. 

Also manufacturers of Red Thyme Pain Cu 
medicine that proved to be such a blessing at 
Annual Meeting held at Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

The Gospel Messenger. 

"Set for the Defense of the Gospel." 

Vol. 31, Old Striei 

Mt. Morris. 111., and Huntingdon, Pa., Jan. 31, 1893. 

No. 8 

The Gospel Messenger. 

H. B. Brumbaugh, Editor, 
And Business Manager of the Eastern House, Boi so, 

C3f" As the Toting Disciple and the Quarterlies are publish- 
ed at Mt. Morris, orders for them and Sunday-school sup- 
plies should be sent to that office. 

Table of Contents, 


Some Day. By Sadie Bralller Noffsinger 66 

Primitive Christianity, as Understood and Practiced by 
the Brethren. By H. C. Early. Repentance.— 

Part 3, 66 

Immortality. By M. J. McClure. No. 2 66 

Peculiarities of the German Baptist Brethren. By A. 

G. Crosswhlte. No. I, ; 67 

The Lord's Supper. By A. Flory, '. 68 

" Reverend." By Noah Longanecker 68 

Musings. By John Wise 6S 

Revivals. By J. S. Mohler 69 

Influence of Associates. By W. W. Cupp 69 

Missionary and Tract Work Department, — 

Condensed Report of Ministerial Meeting, field In 
Pleasant Valley Church, Tenn. By M. Nead,...7o 

The Children's Mission. By Mary M. Gibson -• 

The Wants of the Poor Minister. By Mary V. Harsh- 

barger 71 

A Monster Evil 71 


Hems, 65,72,73 

A Baptismal Scene 65 

Active Preachers, 73 

Editorial Wanderings in the Old World. No. 29 73 

Correspondence 74, 75, 76 

Notes from Our Correspondents, 76, 77 

Matrimonial, 78 

Fallen Asleep 78 

Advertisements, 79, So 

We have just now been informed of the death, 
Jan. 17, of Bro. J. Sparry Thomas, of the Phila- 
delphia church. He was a prominent physician 
and an active worker in the church. 

Bbo. C. MlEBt), after several weeks' absence, 
holding a series of meetings at McKee's, has re- 
turned home again, and preached an acceptable 
sermon in the College Chapel on Sunday morning 

A LADY told this beautiful story. She said she 
was wakened up by a strange noise of pecking, or 
something of the kind, and when she got up she 
saw a butterfly flying backward and forward inside 
the window-pane in great fright, and outside a spar- 
row pecking and trying to get in. The butterfly 
did not see the glass, and expected every moment 
to be caught, and the sparrow did not see the 
glass, and expected every minute to catch the 
butterfly; yet all the while that butteifly was just 
as safe as if it had been three miles away, be- 
cause of the glass between it and the sparrow. 
David says, " I will abide in thy tabernacle forev- 
er." Ps. 6: 3. The one who abides constantly in 
the tabernacle of the Lord, is proteoted from all 
the fiery darts of Satan. While the world may 
not be able to discern this wall of protection, it is 
there nevertheless. 

For the last month we have been passing 
through an extraordinary spell of weather, the 
thermometer ranging from /.era down to 18 and 
20 degrees below. There has not been muoh 
snow but excellent roads and sleighing. Although 
so very cold, yet the weather is rather pleasant, — 
free from storm, — and people seem to be enjoying 
it generally. The poor are the greatest sufferers, 
and towards them charity should abound. 


In the Philadelphia Press of the 16th inst. we 
notice this heading: "Plunged in Ice Water." It 
is the narration of a baptismal scene that occurred 
on Sunday, Jan. 15, at Woodberry, near Balti- 
more, Md. From the narrative we learn that 
three young sisters were baptized in a creek where 
it was necessary to cut a hole into the ice to do 
the baptizing. Before our mind we have a very 
vivid picture of the scene. At this place baptism 
by trine immersion is an uncommon occurrence, 
and ouriosity has brought a goodly crowd to the 
place. Among the curious is the shivering pedc- 
baptist reporter, who would spurn to make a little 
e for ;o faster, and toholds, 
with marvelous wonder, the great sacrifice that is 
being made by these "three little girls." His 
sympathies are so drawn out towards them that 
he readily condemns the administrator of the ho- 
'y rite as a "religious" extremist, while, if the 
real truth were known, the reporter may have 
been the greater sufferer of the crowd, as he ad- 
mits that the little heroines passed through the 
ordeal "without wincing." 

Others are saying, "Too bad, too bad," as they 
look upon the baptism. This is a very common 
thing at baptisms during the cold season of the 
year. We do not wonder at this, especially 
the part of those who are trying to go to heaven 
on flowery beds of ease. For Jesus, no cross, but 
for the world and the devil many are willing to 
make sacrifices that are a hundred times more af- 
fliction than being baptized in water on a cold 
day. To satisfy the whims of the flesh and of 
fashion, the body is tortured and hedged about 
until life becomes a farce and the soul a slave. 
All this is done willingly for the sake of fashion. 
But for the sake of Jesus and the salvation of the 
soul, they would not be willing to follow the Mas- 
ter down into baptism, simply because the water 
is chilly. 

After all, what were the sufferings of those lit- 
tle girls? Did they suffer at all? Love casts out 
all fear and suffering as well. If that freezing re- 
porter would have gone to those frozen little girls 
after they came up from the baptism, we dare say 
that they would have told him that they were 
warm and happy, and in their souls there was a 
joy and gladness that those, who are not buried 
with Christ in baptism, never feel or experience. 

The hardness or easiness of doing things de- 
pends largely on the feelings of those who do them, 

For a person to be taken down into a freezing 
stream and immersed against his will, or as a 
penalty for crime committed, would be severe suf- 
fering, but to do it through love and for the sal- 
vation of the soul, is a privilege, a pleasure, and 
is followed by a peace that is unspeakable and 
full of glory. Hundreds and thousands have been 
thus baptized without a single known oase of 
physical harm resulting therefrom, when there 
was a living faith and pure motives. We have 
administered baptism on the coldest winter days, 
when it was necessary to cut a hole through heavy 
ice to perform the baptism, and we would like to 
refer to them to-day as living witnesses that it 
was a good thing to follow Jesus in his own ap- 
pointed ways. Duty will lead the truly conse- 
crated soul not into chilly waters only, but also in- 
to fire and death. "As I loved you," are the 
words of Jesus. That was a love unto death most 

" O human love, — shame on thee, 
So ume/i for us,— so little for thee I " 

But notwithstanding we should never flinch 
from known duty, we must not forget that we 
rational beings and that we should never 
ourselves or others into avoidable sacrifices and 
dangers. In the administering of baptism, judg- 
ment and discretion should be exercised. We are 
to sacrifice for his sake and not for our own sake. 
In some things we are too anxious to sacrifice, 
while in other things we are too slow. 

All things are lawful, but not all are expedient, 
says Paul. So it is with us. Some things that 
we do may be lawful but not expedient at the 
time. In attending to all the rites and ordinanc- 
es of the churoh, we should exercise reason and 
expediency, as the system of church government 
is not mechanical but spiritual and reasonable. 

Eight in this connection we will call attention 
to the manner of administering baptism. All 
things are to be done decently and in order, and 
we don't know of anything to whioh this applies 
more appropriately than in the administering of 
this holy sacrament, as, upon how it is done, de- 
pends muoh of the power and influence over those 
who witness it. "Study to show thyself ap- 
proved " applies to all of the work of the minis- 
try. Henoe it is our duty to study to do our offi- 
cial duties in suoh a way as will be edifying to the 
seers as well as the hearers. 

The first duty on the part of the minister is to 
learn how to baptize. This he can do from the in- 
structions of others, by seeing it done and by us- 
ing good common sense. The importance of the 
sacrament and the solemnity of the occasion ought 
to give the administrator the proper frame of 
mind, and a proper, Christian courtesy should sug- 
gest his relation to the candidate. The handling 
of the subjects as they are received into the water, 
placing them in the proper position, are all things 
that should receive proper attention. 

Then the candidates should receive careful in- 
struction as to the prompt answering of the cove- 
nant questions, asked while in the water. They 

(Concluded on poge 69,) 



■ Study lo ihow thyself apprc 

Some day — long cycles hence, perhaps, — 

A holy light shall wreathe thy brow. 
Thy heart shall cease Its endless pnln; 

Thine eyes shall cease their tears; and thou 
Shalt fold thy hands upon thy breast, 
And think: " Me did It for the best." 
Nay, more than that. A time will come 

When thou shalt walk In Heaven's peace, 
And marvel at the love divine 

Which wrought the lasting, sweet release; 
And say while joys within thee stir: 
" How blessed Is the conqueror! " 
For thou shalt know that all the pain 

Eternally hath passed from thee; 
That thou hast wrestled true and long 

And triumphed o'er the enemy, 
And broken his enthralling sway, 
Upon that glorious "some day." 
Then ehalt thou kneel In childlike trust 

O'ershadowed by cnraptuilng bliss; 
And thou shalt cry with bated breath: 
"Lord, what a wondrous joy is this I 
Thou led'st me through the bitter part 
That I might know how good thou art. 
O, weeperl what were peace to thee 

Didst thou know nought of tears and strife? 
Or, If thou tasted'tt not of death 

How could'st thou rightly welcome Life? 
Or, of what need a world of bliss 
If joy and rest were thine In this? 
Be still sad heart! cast off thy fears. 

Be strong, O weary soul I and know 
That in some calm, mysterious dawn 

Thy "peace shall as a river flow;" 
And Perfect Love shed forth Its ray 
Before thy blinded eyes, some day. 


BY H. 0. EARLY. 

Sorrow is a feeling of pain in view of injuries 
received or given, or both, and with the penitent 
sinner it is the result of seeing what he has lost 
on the one hand and what a sad state he has in- 
curred on the other. He sees what he has done 
and what he is doing. A feeling of inexpressible 
pain pierces his heart in view of an offended God 
and an outraged conscience. What a sting sin 
has! "What pangs when man sees himself under 
a cloud of guilt! Guilty before God! "Aga 
thee, thee only, have I sinned, and done this evil 
in thy Bight." This God will not despise. It is 
not difficult to see how consciousness of sin pro- 
duces sorrow, and how " godly sorrow worketh re- 
pentance unto salvatiori." This is a necessity of 
our moral constitution." 

The difference between "godly sorrow" and 
"worldly sorrow" is seen in the fruit produced." 
The one "worketh repentance unto salvation, not 
to be repented of," the other worketh death. 
For instance a man gets drunk, sacrificing every 
consideration of self-respect and manhood, and 
smothering in the struggle every impulse of fidel- 
ity to God. The next day he sobers. Ask him if 
he is sorry. Ah I yon need not, hie haggard look 

tellB the story. But how sorry? Enough to get 
drunk again at the first opportunity? What is 
the matter? This is "worldly sorrow," and its 
end iB "death." Why is he sorry? He is very 
sick; he has lost the respect of his neighbors, and, 
worse than that, his self-respect is gone. You 
know when a man Iosob self-respect, he has lost 
nearly everything that belongs to a man. Sorrow 
of this kind, you see, has not God in it. It is 
worldly." It kills men. "Godly sorrow" must 
have God in it. We are pained^at our sins be- 
cause they offend God, our Best Fiiend and Great- 
est Benefactor. This is "godly Borrow" that 
" worketh repentance." This is self-abasing ex- 
perience, as thousands can testify, bat the morn- 
iDg light iB not far distant, and the caresses of a 
reconciled God. 

Peter and Judas furnish a striking illustration 
of this point. Peter donied his Lord, and when 
he denied him the third time, with, cursing and 
swearing, the Master turned and looked at him. 
Luke 22: 61. Oh! the sting of a searching yet 
compassionate look when guilt hangs over us! 
That look stung Peter to the heart. He saw that 
he had denied the Lord Christ. He went out and 
wept, wept bitterly. What an exhibition of sor- 
rowl What did it do for Peter? It "worked a 
repentance unto salvation." He not only had the 
sting of aorrow, but attained the relief of repent- 
ance. Judas- betrayed the Savior of the world in- 
to the hands of wicked, men. He brought back 
the silver and cast it down before thoBe, whose 
instrument he had been, saying, "I have Binned 
in that I have betrayed the innocent blood." 
What anguish of spirit that confession betrays! 
What terrible conviction! But what did Judas' 
sorrow do for him? He went straight out and 
hanged himself. Here is sorrow, bitter sorrow, 
with bitter fruit. — " worldjy sorrow " aud its end, 
the sorrow that works death. In the case of Pe- 
ter we Bee sorrow followed by repentance; in the 
case of Judas we have sorrow followed by suicide. 
The heait of Judas was pierced through and 
through, so was the heart of Peter, but Judas was 
not comforted like Peter because, instead of re- 
penting as Peter did, he dashed into a greater 
transgression, if man can do a worse thing than 
"betray the innocent blood." 

" Godly sorrow " is based upon God. It comes 
as the result of seeing that our sins offend God, 
leads to the renunciation of Bin aud the accepta- 
tion of the right, because it is pleasing in the 
sight of God and satisfies a longing need in the 
soul of man. 

True repentance is followed by confession, for 
"if we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to 
forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all un- 
righteousness." It iB also followed by great 
"carefulness" againBt sin. "What carefulness it 
wrought in yon, yea, what clearing of yourselves, 
yea, what indignation, yea,, what fear, yea, what 
vehement desire, yea, what zeal, yea, what re- 
venge!" In other words, it is followed by a new 
life. This is the real test. Any repentance, not 
producing this end, is worthless. Of course, the 
nature of the sin determines the scope of confes- 
sion. All sin is an offense against God and must, 
therefore, be confessed to him, while some sins 
are an offense against man also, and must be con- 
fessed to him, in order to divine forgiveness, 
This is clear. 

Before God we all cry, "Father, I have sinned 
against heaven and before thee, and am no more 
worthy to be called thy son: make me as one of 
thy hired servants." What if we do not confess 
our sins? Answer, God is equally faithful and 
just not to forgive us our sins, and not to cleanse 
ub from all unrighteousness. May we all become 
so sick of our sins as to make full confession 1 

As a step in man's conversion repentance stant 
between faith on the one side and baptism on tl 
other. In the spiritual birth it corresponds wil 
quickening in the natural birth, while faith corr 
ponds with conception, and baptism with tl 
birth itself. " He that cometh to God must b 
lieve that he iB, and that he is a rewarder of the 
that diligently seek him." " Without faith it 
impossible to please God." Peter said, " Eepei 
and be baptized every one of you." These tex 
clearly locate repentance in the Christian eystei 
Faith is shown as being essential to repentanc 
and repentance as the means of fitting one f 
baptism. Then it was taught and practiced fro 
the beginning. John introduced the Goapt 
" preaching the baptism of repentance," not tl 
repentance of baptism, that is to say, the baptis 
that belongB to repentance. When the Pentecoe 
ians " gladly received " Peter's words, — that is, r 
peuted, — they were baptized. So in every oa 
without an exception. Baptism without repeu 
ance is fatal, and repentance that does not doei 
baptism as the means of putting on Christ, Gc 
3: 27, is without divine authority. 

Now, dear reader, these words are to you. G< 
commands you to repent. The Spirit invite 
Will you repent? T,here is much joy in heav< 
over just one returning sinner. God prepares yc 
and makes you responsible for this supreme dut; 
Stop! Think! It is a fearful thing to fall in 
the hands of the living God. Yon muBt chanj 
worlds one -of these days. Now is your opportu: 
ity. Decide now what will be your deBtiny. Yc 
can't afford to wait. To-day is the accepted tim 
To-morrow ib always one day off. Upon th 
hangs everything so far as yon are concerne 
What do you say? Time to consider? Ho 
;? Is repentance dangerous? How lor 
ought it to take a man to decide to do right? '. 
it right to repent? How long ought it to take 
to decide to do wrong? Is it wrong not 
repent? It ought to take me a life-time to decic 
to do wrong, but just a moment to decide to < 
right and decide now. "Except we repent v 
shall all perish." May God help us to repen 

Meyerk coffer' s Store, Va, 



Number Two, 

Psychologists, generally, in discussing tl 
characteristics or nature of the soul, analyze tl 
word and find the arguments to sustain the pot 
tion assumed in the meaning of the word whii 
they may finally determine is the most pertinei 
This is especially true of the author of "Tn 

Now, be it positively understood that that ma 
ner of arguing is, by the present writer, conai 
ered misleading and very dangerous. Such 
course frequently leads one into the act of misi 
terpreting and misapplying texts. The only aa 
way of Bible exegesis is to ascertain the natu 
and character, as portrayed by the divine writ< 
leaving all names as given. The only knowled) 
we have, or can have, of God, and other celesti 
beings, is what we can gather from the oharact 
aud work of each, as described by inspiration. 
we would undertake to define God by the nan 
how far would we get in argument against t! 
heathen or the infidel? 

Our strong fort is, obviously, found in wh 
God is and what he has done, and has promis 
to do. Upon these premises I shall work. Tl 
two parts of man that are most prominent are t 
ones that will enter, principally, into these ar 

Icles. These parts are called, first " our imagt 
and "living aonl," afterward "body" and "aou 

Jan. 31 18V3 



That they are separate in some sense is proved by 
the following passages: 1 These. 5: 23, "And I 
pray God your whole spirit and soul and body be 
preserved;" Matt. 10: 28, "And fear not them 
which kill the body but are not able to kill the 
soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy 
both BonI and body in hell." 

This last quotation reveals another fact that is 
very important in this connection, — there is a 
power that is very effective in its operation on the 
body but cannot produce the same result on the 
soul. This proves conclusively the position al- 
ready assumed that the body and soul are essen- 
tially different in material and nature. Just here 
the question asserts itself, "Does death produce 
the same effect upon both soul and body?" The 
author of "True Theology" says, Yes; this writer 
says. No. The body being presented first, shall 
receive our attention first. 

The body is mortal. First, because it was made 
of perishable material; second, because men failed 
to eat of the only fruit accessible that could im- 
part immortality; third, because God said, "Dust 
thou art, and unto dust ahalt thou return." 

That implacable law, " In the day thou eatest 
thereof thou shalt Barely die," is an epitome of 
all the difference between "True Theology" and 
me. The argument largely grows out of the use 
or interpretation of die, dying, death, dead and 
concomitant words, as used in the Bible. It is 
said that words convey ideas, and I confess I can- 
not gather ideas from the Bible in any other way 
than from the words there found. I am afraid U 
try to give to those words an arbitrary meaning 
entirely foreign to their obvious meaning and ute 
when found elsewhere. It is also true that such 
a course is a prolific source of many of the absmd 
and dangerous dogmas upon which infidelity, 
j all its forms, depends for its existence. 

"True Theology " assumes that the relation to 
other words, or the subject, treated on, has no ef- 
fect upon the meaning of the words named above, 
but enunciates the " Theology " upon the use and 
application of those words as though die, dying 
and deaih were always used in the past tense and 
conveyed a knowledge of facts, already reached, a 
condition already arrived at, a destiny already 

An investigation of the matter in hand will, I 
think, reveal the fallacy of such a rule of inter- 

When God said, "In the day thou eatest there- 
of thou ahalt surely die," he certainly meant what 
he said. A fulfillment of that law upon God's 
part will fix forever the kind of God we may ex- 
pect to deal with. If Adam died as a conse- 
quence of violation of law,— died at the time God 
said he should, — then we have one strong proof 
of hia truth and justice. If he prevaricated and 
finally failed in any particular, then doubt and 
uncertainty will permeate all subsequent com- 
mands and promises. 

Did Adam die in the day of transgression? 
"True Theology" says, No; for if he did there is 
something wrong with our "Theology." Then, 
in order to meet the difficulty, he says, on page 
225, "Adam was reprieved." Then God was only 
joking after all, or, perhaps, he wanted to fix 
some proof for the soul-sleepiDg dogma; but 
where ia the record of that reprieve? It is an 
eaay matter to bolster up theology with asser- 
tions, but the day when assertion was accepted 
without proof, has passed. In absence of all at- 
tempt at proof, we will abide in the idea that 
God meant exactly whan he said, and try to rec- 
oncile what he said with what he meant, regard- 
less of all human notions. In our investigation 
we find that man did eat the forbidden fruit, and, 
if God be true, he must have died that day. We 
find that in the cool of the day (presumably the 

same day), the Lord God, in the garden, called 
for Adam and found he had done the forbidden 
thing. God then pronounced the bitter cuise on 
the ground, gave forth the fiat, "In the sweat of 
thy face thou shalt eat bread," and announced the 
doom, "Dust thou art and unto dust Bbalt ihou 
return." Gen. 3. 

Is there any mode of reasoning that will show 
that this did not occur on the day the forbidden 
fruit was eaten? The manner of relating the 
case and connection in which the statements are 
placed, certainly seem to prove that such a con- 
clusion ia admissible, and in accordance with the 
fact. Did Adam "return to the ground" that 
day? No! Gen. 5: 3, 4, 5 proves conclusively 
that he did not. Then what? The inevitable 
conclusion is that "True Theology" Ijbb adopted 
the wrong meaning of the word "die." 

Further investigation shows that the only im- 
mediate act of Adam, after God pronounced con- 
demnation on him, was to go out of the garden. 
It was God's judgment that forced the act and 
closed the gate against him. Then the only ac- 
complished fact following Adam's transgreesion 
was the separation of God and man. Gould this 
have baen the meaning of the word die? Words 
must be allowed to take on that definition that 
will harmonize the context, either in Bible inter- 
pretation or elsewhere. 

Webster says: "Die, to be deprived of respira- 
tion and other bodily functions." In this case 
the definition would not do. "To be punished 
with death" is all right if we will follow the Bi- 
ble use of the word. The only definition that is 
in harmoDy with the context and other Scriptural 
uses of the word "die" is, "To suffer divine 
wrath." This, however, strikes a death blow to 
"True Theology." It proves that die does not 
describe a condition finished, but, on the contrary, 
it indicates a condition of transition, of change, 
unfinished, — continuing through the dyiDg. The 
addition of the terminal "ing" never completes 
an act, but always shows a continuation of en act 
spoken of, or referred to. 

Died and dead are used in the past ttnae, 
and show a completion of the work or ac. 
tion before alluded to and the words die and 
dying. Death describes a destroying power; not 
ao much a condition. When it ia eaid, "In the 
midst of life we are in deaih," nobody meani 
say, we are all dead. When Asiatic cholera was 
called " black death," nobody meant that every- 
body was annihilated, and so of the flashing light- 
ning, the flying bullet, the glittering steel, etc., — 
these are all called death, yet it is obvious that 
they describe the means or power that produces 
the conditions we call die, dying and dead, as 
well as, in an indirect way, they indicate the con- 

But when we undertake to give die, dying, 
dead, death, destroy, destruction, etc., the same 
meaning, regardless of their relation to other 
words, it forces us into positions at once untena- 
ble and false. 



Number One. 

" But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an 
holy natian, a peculiar people; " etc. — i Peler 2: y. 

Ever since the re-organization of our people in 
America ( 1719 ) we have held strong convictions 
on the subject of swearing, or taking of legal 
oaths. We base our position on the Savior's 
language, "But I say unto you, Swear not at all; 
neither by heaven; for it is God's throne: nor by 
the earth; for it is his footstool: neither by Je- 
rusalem; for it ia the city of the great King. 

Neither shalt thou swear by thy head, because 
thou canst not make one hair white or black. 
But let your communication be yea, yea; Nay, 
nay: for whatsoever is more than these cometh 
of evil." Matt. 5: 34-37. 

Ton will observe that this is a part of the Ser- 
mon on the Mount, and was Bpoken to the disci- 
ples, and, therefore, can hardly be understood to 
refer to profane swearing. Again, the ApoBtle 
James, in apeaking to hia brethren, says: "But 
above all things, my brethren, awear not, neither 
by heaven, neither by the earth, neither by any 
other oath, but let your yea be yea; and your nay, 
nay; lest ye fall into condemnation." James 5: 
12. Here we have one who wbb with the Savior 
oonBtautly during his public ministry, reiterating 
his divine words more than a quarter of a century 
after his ascension into glory. 

It may be argued here that Paul, in Heb. G, 
destroys the force of James' language by refer- 
ring to man "swearing by a greater than him- 
self." Thia, coming from the lips of the eminent 
apostle just four years after James forbade the 
the custom, might appear contradictory at first 
eight, but reference is clearly made to the Leviti- 
cal law, and not to the New Covenant. Again; 
how shall we regard the language of verse 13 of 
the aame chapter'? This oath of confirmation is 
likewise under the old dispensation, and cannot 
apply to the new. By appealing to God in an 
oath, we imprecate his vengeance, and renounce 
hia favor, if the declaration is false, or, if the 
declaration ia a promise, we invoke the vengeance 
of God, if we fail to fulfill it. A simple declara- 
tion of a fact by a true-hearted Christian is worth 
more than an oath-bound statement of a sinner, 
even though it foreshadows the penalties of a 
perjured soul. 

Oar legislative bodies have wisely arranged; 
that all religious bodies desiring it, may be ex- 
empt from taking the legal oatb, and in lieu 
thereof simply affirm, without uplifting the hand, 
or kiaaing the Bible. The fin»t general confer- 
ence of our people that I find recorded, was in 
the year 1778, and the only question before the 
meeting, and also the one held the following 
year, was with regard to taking the oath or " at- 
test" as it was called. In looking over those old 
decisions, we are, at first thought, shocked at the 
conclusions arrived at. The meeting of 1778 de- 
cided that the brethren who had taken the attest, 
should recall it before a justice, or be deprived 
of the kiss of fellowship, of the counsel, and the 
breaking of bread until they should become obedi- 
ent again; while a greater penalty was laid on the 

In the following year we have this: "Inasmuch 
as it is the Lord, our God, who establishes kings 
and removes kings, and ordaina rulers accord- 
ing to hia own good pleasure, and we cannot know 
whether God has rejected the KiDg (George III) 
and chosen the state, while the king had the gov- 
ernment; therefore we could not, with a good con- 
science, repudiate the king and give allegiance to 
the state," etc. 

Having lived under a monarohial form of gov- 
ernment so long, they looked on our situation 
thus: Every citizen or nation owes allegiance to 
the government under which he is born. This ia 
called natural or implied allegiance, which arises 
from the connection of a person with the society 
in which he ia born, and his duty to be a faithful 
subject, independent of any express promise. 
When we take into consideration the environ- 
ments of our early church fathers, we do not won- 
der that their progress was slow; and we have 
many reasons for thinking that they were consid- 
ered a " peculiar people." 

We recommend to our readers a tract entitled, 
" Shall I Swear or Affirm ? " It is well arranged, 



and worthy of a careful perusal. For a copy of 
the work, address Brethren's Book and Tract 
Work, Dayton, Ohio, 
Gratis, Ohio. 



The snpper which Christ ate with his disciples, 
in the night in which he was betrayed, was not a 
Jewish rite, but it was a Christian ordinanoe, — a 
foil meal instituted by Christ himself. The word 
supper does not mean less. When we nse the 
term, in ordinary talk, we do not mean dinner nor 
breakfast. Why, then, take a bit of bread and a 
sip of wine at dinner-time, and call it the Lord's 
Supper? We should be consistent. The bread 
and the cup are not the supper, but are the Com- 
munion. They are not called supper. Paul says, 
" The bread whioh we break is it not the commun- 
ion of the body of Christ? The cup which we 
bless, is it not the communion of the blood of 
Christ?" 1 Cor. 10: 16. The Jews' passover was 
instituted in the laud of Egypt, to denote their 
departure from that country, and was kept by 
them in memory of that event. Ex. 12: 2G. The 
Lord's 8upp9r points forward to the time of the 
reunion of all the finally faithful in the kingdom 
of God. Luke 22: 16, 30. 

At the feast of the passover the Jews offered 
their meat and their drink offerings. Num. 28: 16, 
34. Aaron and his sons were not permitted to en- 
ter into the tabernacle, nor come near the altar, to 
offer those offerings, except they first wash their 
hands and their feet. Ex. 30: 19, 20. Christ 
changed those ordinances. Paul says: "The 
priesthood being changed, there is made ( of neces- 
sity a change also of the law." Heb. 7: 12. Aa- 
ron and his sons washed their own feet, lest they 
die. Christ did not wash his own feet, but he 
washed his disciplea' feet, that they might have 
part with him. John 13:8. The Jews, in their 
meat offerings, nsed unleavened cakes or wafers. 
A portion of this bread was for Aaron and his 
sons. Lev. 2:4. Christ took the bread and gave 
it to his disciples and said, "Take, eat, this is my 
body*" Matt. 26: 26. 

The wine, used by the Jews in their drink offer- 
ings, was offered unto the Lord in the most holy 
place. Num. 2S: 7. Christ took the cup and gave 
it to his disciples and said, "Take this and divide 
it among yourselves." Luke 22:17. The Jews' 
passover consisted of a lamb, roasted by the fire, 
with its head, legs and purtehances. It was not 
sodden in water, but was eaten with bitter herbs 
and unleavened bread. They were commanded to 
eat it in haste, with their staffs in their hands. 
Ex. 8: 9, 11. 

Christ rose from supper and girded himself. 
After that he washed his disciples' feet. When 
he was done washing, he sat down again to the ta- 
ble, and conversed freely with them. While thus 
engaged, he dipped a sop and gave it to Judas, as 
a sign for Simon. John 13: 26. The evidence is 
conclusive that Christ did not keep the legal pass- 
over of the Jews. If he did, the bread and the 
cup which he gave to his disciples, were the legal 
meat and drink offerings, and the same would be 
true of the feet-washing which he practiced with 
his disciples. Without thoBe offerings the pass- 
over would have been illegal. In fact, they were 
just as necessary as the passover itself. Jewish 
rites were available only when they were properly 
connected and properly applied. Jesus could not 
have kept the passover in the night in which he 
was betrayed, because that was the last opporti 
ty granted him to change those ordinances. Aft- 
er that time he was in the hands of wicked men, 
and consequently could not meet with his disci- 

The bread and the cup are not the supper, 
properly speaking, for Christ took the cup " after 
Bupper." Luke 22: 20. If Christ observed Jewish 
rites the last night of his life, we are still under 
the law, because it has not been changed. Even 
a slight change in the manner of keeping the 
passover, would have made it illegal, for the peo- 
ple were commanded to keep it with all the rites 
and with all the ceremonies thereof. Num. 9:42. 
We can change or convert a house into a barn by 
simply changing the purpose of its future use, 
with but little alteration to the building. Some 
may continue to call it by its former name; others 
by its latter name. In Matt. 26: 18 this ordinance 
is called "passover." In John 13:4 it is called 
"supper." In 1 Cor. 11:20 Paul- calls it the 
"Lord's Supper." Jude 1:12 calls it "feast of 

The moral principles of the law are as fully 
taught in the New Testament as they are in the 
Old. It iB the ceremonial part of the Jewish law 
that Christ changed. The Jews imposed the pen- 
alty of death on no one for not keeping the paBB- 
over, for some of their own people did not keep it 
when requested to do so. 2 Chron. 3: 10. It was 
for sedition, murder and such like that they in- 
flicted punishment. Christ never was guilty of 
any of these immoral deeds, for there never was 
guile found in his mouth. Therefore the Jews 
had no true evidence against him when they cru- 
cified him. 

The apostle Paul tells us that the law is only 
a shadow of good things to come, and not the 
very image of the things. Heb. 10: 1. Therefore 
the passover is only a shadow of the Lord's Sup- 
per and not the very image. The meat and drink 
offering3 are only a Bhadow of the communion of 
the bread and wine. The same is true of baptism 
and of feet washing. John baptized the people. 
Naaman baptiz c d or dipped himself; here note the 
difference in baptism. 


For the benefit of our brother, as well as others, 
we wish to state that Jesus was dead and proba- 
bly in the grave at the time of eating the legal 
passover that year. Christ instituted the Lord's 
Supper at leaBt twenty hours before the paschal 
lamb was killed. It is generally agreed by most 
Bible critics that the Savior died in the year A. 
D. 30. In that year the time of the passover fell 
on Friday evening, April 6. We know that Je- 
sus instituted his supper on Thursday evening. 
That would place it one day before the Jews ate 
the passover. The passover evening coming on 
Friday that year, gives us to understand that the 
lamb was killed about 3 o'clock that afternoon. 
We know that to have been the very hour in 
which Jesus expired on the croBF. Hence we 
have the type and antitype exactly meeting in 
point of time. This being true, it must be clear 
to every one that the supper, eaten by Jobus with 
his disciples, was no part of the passover, nor was 
it in the place of the passover. We give this, 
that our readers may think over it, for a few of 
them still hold that the Supper, instituted by Je- 
sns on the night of bis betrayal, was at the time of 
the legal passover, whereas it was one day be- 
fore. — Ed. _^___^_^ 

The above title is found but once in the Bi- 
ble— Ps. Ill: 9. It is applied to God only. The 
question often presents itself to the mind of the 
Bible student, Is it right to apply the title to 
man? The Brotherhood has always answered the 
query in the negative. In the " Classified Min- 
utes of Annual Meeting," page 123, Art. 29, of 

1867, we have the following: " Is it consistent wi 
the GoBpel to apply the term reverend to min 
ters of other denominations, or to our own bret 
ren, either in speaking or writing? Ans. — 1 
consider it not right to do bo since it is applied 
the Bible alone to God." 

Of late the advice is largely disregarded. Is 
because the advice is not in unison with the J 
ble, or is it because we do not wish to heed t 
advice? We believe that the latter is the cam 
Since Annual Meeting has disregarded the advi< 
we will not criticise too severely. See Minutes 
Annual Meeting of 1892, page 3, Art. 5, " ifc 
McKinney on Freemasonry," 

" Reverend comes to us from the Latin, revt 
dus, and is composed of re intensive and vera 
to be feared*' — Clarke. Webster gives it, "i 
again, and vereri, to fear." Webster gives "at 
honor, veneration, adoration, as synonymo 
terms. In the term we have, then, profon 
fear, mingled with admiration, or reverence, he 
or, veneration, adoration, and submission." Su 
is due to God alone. I know it has become pc 
ular to honor, revere, adore, and fear the min 
ter more than the Maker, but popularity dc 
not change God's Word. Custom and popnl 
opinion have set aside many of the plain teac 
ings of the Bible. It is becoming more ai 
more popular to ascribe titles to man, that t 
long to God alone. Although Christ disclaii 
against ascribing such titles to man, yet his pi 
tended ministers have become vain enough to cot 
them. Yea, more, they both assume them thei 
selves, and court them from others. The pre 
tice of ascribing the honor, adoration, reverent 
fear, etc., to man that is due to God, is severe 
condemned in the Bible. See the account of tl 
judgment of God on Herod in Acts 12: 21—5 
"He gave not God the glory." "He did not i 
buke his fiatterers, but permitted them to gi 
him that honor that was due to God alone." 

The Pharisees asaumed different titles, and g 
their disciples to address them by them. Th 
sought the honor of man. Christ often reprov< 
them for it. In Matt. 23: 8-10, Christ advises fc 
disciples against allowing any one to address the 
by improper titles, as also not to address otht 
by them. "Be not ye called Rabbi; neither 
ye called masters; and call no man your fath 
upon the earth." 

The principle laid down in these commanc 
will come in play in assuming the title reverei 
or in giving it to others. As vain as the Pha 
sees were, it remained for some who were mc 
so, to assume the title "reverend." 

My advice to the editors and contributors 
the Gospel Messenger is, — Abandon the hal 
of calling any man "reverend." May we oft 
say to God, "Holy and reverend is ihy name." 



"While I mused the fire burned. 1 '— Psalm 30: 3. 

I recently read an article entitled " Emplo 
ment in Heaven." The subject is a good one, fc 
the manner in which it was treated did not mt 
my idea of the manner in which the heaver 
host is, and will continue to be, employed. 

The writer says, "For instance Bro. A, whi 
in this life . . . did not attain to near so great 
knowledge of the Scriptures as Bro. B. . 
He (Bro. A) must learn there all he did not lea 
here. Then a part of Bro. B's work there, will 
to teach Bro. A." 

The idea advanced by the writer is, that Bro. 
must teach Bro, A about Adam, Enoch and othe 

Jan. 31, 1893. 


That might be true if we were to continue in a 
state of mortality in heaven, but Paul, in 1 Cor. 
13: 12, last clanae, says: " Now I know in part; but 
then shall I know even as also I am known." In 
1 John 3: 2 we read, "Beloved, now are we the 
sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we 
shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, 
we shall be like him." Inaamnch, then, as we 
shall be like God, we shall not need to be tanght 
one of another. Who will presume to be his 

Again, the writer says, "Bro. C was a very 
good man, bnt never able to sing well. . , But 
sister D could sing like an angel . . . Then 
it will be a part of sister D's work to teach Bro. 
how to sing." If we learn to sing by note in 
heaven, as we do here on earth, that would look 
reasonable. But in the vision, described in Rsv. 
16: 1-5, John says, speaking of the Lord's victors, 
" And they sing the song of MoBes the servant of 
God, and the song of the Lamb." Those who 
stand on the sea of glass all learn that song, not 
from each other, but from God. Jesus sayB, in 
Matt. 22: 30, "They are as the angels of God in 
heaveD." Luke 20: 35, 36 conveys the idea that 
they that are worthy to attain to that world are 
eqnal to the angels." If equal unto the angeli 
then they can "sing like angels," and Bro. 
will then be equal with sister D without her work 
of teaching him. 

Again the writer says, "I believe there will be 
a great many meetings in heaven. A praise meet- 
ing here, and a song service there, and these, per- 
haps, long distances apart." What an idea! The 
Bible teaches that all in heaven are one company, 
and all participate alike in the praises of God. 
See Kev. 7: 9, 11, 15. " A (one) great multitude." 
" All the angels stood round about the throne." 
" Therefore are they before the throne of God and 
serve him day and night in his temple." They 
are not scattered out here and there, serving men 
by teaching them as indicated, but serve God day 
and night in his temple. Bev. 19: 1, 3, 6, 6. ThSy 
all cry, " Alleluia, the Lord God omnipotent reign- 
eth." What a song I All the redeemed of the 
Lord sing it. Amen! May I be there to join 
that soul-stirring song! 

Conway Springs, Kans. 



It may not be amiss for me to give some of my 
ideas about revivals, gathered from books, men, 
meetings, and experiences both sad and glad. 

Revivals are good things if God is in them ; oth- 
erwise not. From all I can see and learn, there 
are a good many where he has little to do. This 
ie not because he does not want a place therein, 
but simply because he is given no chance. His 
position is that of the speaker where the preced- 
ing talkers have either taken all the time or tired 
out the audience. 

- There are many, very many meetings, where 
there is so much of man and method that literally 
God has no chance at the sinner. There is so 
much manipulation, — now stand up, now sit down, 
now bow your heads, now lift them; please stand 
up again; Ohristians, take their seats; sinners 
stand alone; all rise once more; come forward; 
bow again. This is repeated till I sympathize 
with the sinner, who reported the service as a 
"bobbing-up and bobbing-down affair." 

k It is just as wicked for a Christian to get be- 
tween God and the sinner, as it is for the devil. 
The sin of the church in revival work to-day is 
that of trusting in man instead of God. Here, if 
nowhere else, is it trne " Cursed be the man who 

trusteth in man and maketh Mesh his arm." 
These words are in Jer. 17:5. Over and over 
again have I had, in my own work, this abomina- 
ble thing happen,— people looking to me and my 
work, or to the singer and the song, or to the 
crowd for success. They have brought, not only 
me, but themselves failure. 

It will ever be so. Trusting in any means, 
methods, or men, for true revival work, will bring 
no permanent and abiding success. It must be, 
ever and always, a looking unto God. 

Good revivals follow the prayers of earnest 
Christians, and the forcible presentation of the 
doctrines of sin, repentance, and redemption. 

No great work is done in any church or city 
where there is little esteem of the blood of Christ, 
the awfulness of Bin, and the Holy Spirit. 

Evangelists are s;ood mediums in their right 
places, but their place is not to help lazy pastors 
or lazy people, and yet I guess some think so. 
Perhaps they are most needed there. 

Presenting a lot of funny notions and acting 
queerly, tnrning a service into a show, either of 
mental or physical gymnastics, is not supported 
by Scripture, sense, or rules of success. There is 
no locality, — no matter how hard the field, or 
how peculiar the place or people, — but what you 
can have a glorious revival, and one that will last 
by the simple rule of waiting on God till Chris, 
tians are under conviction for the lost. Then 
preaching from pulpit, from press, from pew, at 
home, in business, — everywhere the doctrine of 
sin, in its completeness, meaning, its ex tent, its 
guilt, its result now and final, and then holding 
up Jesus as the only Savior,— souls will surely be 

The reason more rich and learned men are not 
reached with the Gospel nowadays is, that the 
truth is not applied in the right way. Any one 
who will despise or look down upon, or talk 
against children giving themselves to Christ, is 
not fit to be in the church. They are worse than 
the heathen and need converting just as much. 

Morrill, Kans. 


We speak of the law of heredity, of the descent 
of traits from parent to child, or from grandpar- 
ent to grandchild. The disposition can be traced 
through several generations. Dispositions are in- 
herited, yet we seldom think how much they are 
modified by associations. We rarely think of the 
habits we get from our most intimate companions. 
As the chameleon changes its color to correspond 
to things around it, so we take on many of the 
characteristics of our friends. 

By mingling with the profane and rude, we 
may contract habits undesirable. That inherent 
nature which causes us to imitate onr fellow-be- 
ings is much stronger in some than in others, and 
he who possesses it to a high degree, must be 
especially careful when his duties throw him in 
evil society. 

Instances are related of associates who became 
so much alike in character and habits, and even in 
appearance, that the one was often mistaken for 
the other. 

" One is known by the company he keeps," is a 
trite saying, as well as a true one. We generally 
seek the company of those who think and act as 
we do, but it is often beneficial to associate with 
those who hold contrary opinions to our own. It 
is especially good to seek the company of our su- 
periors, both in looks and companionship, for we 
can improve only by imitating and using the 
qualities of those who are better than ourselves. 

Our life is subject to many changes. We must 
often be in company whioh we do not desire. In 
such instances we must be on our guard and seek 
to raise those around us to a higher standard. 
The most vile admire good traits in one who is 
not afraid to help the wicked to do better. It is 
not necessary for any one to acquire the evil 
traits of companions, yet this is frequently done. 

By constant guarding and watchfulness, evil 
dispositions can be changed. If we pray to God, 
he will help us to do his bidding. When in oom- 
pany with the vulgar, we must be careful not to 
partake of the evil around us. "Evil communica- 
tions corrupt good manners." Those who must 
necessarily be away from good company can sup- 
ply the lack by reading good books. Who cannot 
find 6d joyment by spending a few moments with 
Longfellow? Bryant, even at the age of eighteen, 
had very serious thoughts of life, and more seri- 
ous ideas of death. The Bible gives instruction 
on more subjects than any other book. Its mines 
of wealth are unfathomable. Its grandeur is nev- 
er exhausted. 

"Whatever is to be, will be," may be true as 
far as it goes, but God permits man to do a great 
many things that he does not wish to have done. 
Man is a free being, and if he wants to be evil he 
can be so. God created us as rational creatures 
and he treats us as such. 

Oar lives are what we make them, and our sur- 
roundings help to make us good or bad. We oan 
decide who shall be our associates and we can de- 
cline accepting evil traits from associates. Most 
people know right from wrong, and it is not be- 
cause of lack of knowledge in this respect that 
there is so much evil in the world. 

We must have earthly friends and associates, for 
man is a social being, yet Christ should be our 
main guide. We cannot find a better example. 
Let us be followers of him, for he will lead us to 
a haven of rest. He is a Perfect Example, and 
taking him as our Chief Associate, let us go on to- 
ward perfection and in the end receive a crown of 
glory, prepared for all those that love and serve 

Davis, W. Va. 


shonld also be instructed as to position in kneel- 
ing. If the candidate don't get down properly on 
the knees, it is very difficult to be immersed with- 
out rising up each time. This disposition of ris- 
ing to the feet at each immersion is not the wish 
of the candidate, but the fault of the position. 

After having the person, to bo baptized, prop- 
erly on the knees, the administrator should place 
his hands upon the candidate in a way that he 
will feel that he is supported, and that there is no 
danger of falling. 

The minister should go about the work in a way 
that will inspire confidence, and make the subject 
feel entirely safe in his hands. Such baptisms 
are always imposing scenes, satisfactory to the 
persons baptized, and edifying to those who look 

Some baptismal scenes that we have witnessed 
were not of this character, and it was because the 
administrators did not give the necessary instruc- 
tions, or did not administer properly. Of course, 
there is much, in all cases, depending on the faith 
and determination of those to be baptized. There 
fleshly infirmities belonging to humanity from 
which we will never be entirely delivered. But 
while this is so, we shonld always put forth our 
best efforts to do all things to edification, and to 
the honor and glory of God. 


Missionary and Tract Work Department. 

ery one of you Uv by hlru Id 
aa God hath prospered him, 
here be no gathering! when 1 
,"— * Cor. 16: i. 

t cheerlul giver."—* 

"Every man according to hit ability.'" "Every one as 
ferid him." "Everyman, according as h» purposeth in h 
Mm give." "For II there be first a willing mind, it Is aceti 
to that a man hath, and nut .iccoidfnj; Id that he hath not. 

Organization of Missionary CoiQiQlttH, 

Daniel Vaniman, Foremar, 
D. L Miller, Treasurer, 
Galen B. Rover, Secretary, 

McPherson, Kant 

Mt. Morris, 111 

■ Mt. Morris, 111 

Organization of Book and Tract Work. 

S. W. Hoover, Foreman, 

S. Bock, Secretary and Treasurer, 

EP~A!) donations Intended for Missionary Work should be sent to 
Galen B. Rover, Mt. Morrii, III. 

^-All money lor Tract Work should be sent to S. Bock, Dayton. 

f^-Money may be sent by Money Order, Registered Letter, or Dra!» 
on New York or Chicago, Do nut st-nd personal checks, or dralts on In- 

B It C 


IVSolicttors are requested to faithfully carry out the plan a: J 
Meeting, that all our members be solicited to contribute at least t 
year lor the Mission and Tract Work of the Church. 


During the two closing days of 1KU2, the 
Brethren of Tennessee held their first Ministeri- 
al Meeting. Some time previous to the time of 
holding the Meeting, a programme, giving the 
work for the occasion, had been formulated and 

The Meeting was opened by the reading of 
Psalm 84, and by singing and prayer. After a 
few remarks, a Moderator and SeoretaTy were 
appointed, and the subjects, given in the pro- 
gramme, discussed in the following order: 

"Principles Essential to Successful Church 
Government." In the opening of the discussion, 
the evidences of divine law, as a governing 
power in the world, were alluded to as universal. 
The forces and elements of nature, — stars, and 
suns, as well as molecules and atoms, in their 
movements and actions, — are subject to its con- 
trolling power. 

Man, too, in the complexity of his nature, is 
subject to thiB unseen power, so that his physical, 
intellectual, and moral well-being, iB affected by 
his regard for it, but, in his spiritual relations 
especially, have we the highest representation of 
the exercise of this unseen, governing power. 

The principles, or agencies, instrumental in 
fixing this divine power in the soul, are of di- 
vine appointment; one of them is the preaching of 
the Word. The Gospel is the power of God unto 
salvation to such aB believe, and the same power 
that Baves the soul, is the power that must con- 
trol the life of that soul. The governing power 
is of God. HiB infinite goodnesB and love are the 
source whence it comes, and the end of its exer- 
cise is the ultimate good of the creature gov- 

Another principle is organization, — the ohurch. 
Indeed, it is this condition of the governed, to 
which the principles, alluded to in the subject 
for discussion, directly apply. A congregation 
of believers, whoBe individual members are actu- 
ated by a oommon faith, as a living principle, a 

common hope, as an inspiration, m j\ who are 

looking forward to a common salvation, must, in 
its united capacity, be a living power for good, 
and it will exercise a controlling influence on the 
life of the individual members composing it. 

Another principle alluded to, was discipline. 
The general features of this, relating to the pro- 
bationary life of the Christian, were, to some ex- 
tent indicated by the general discussion, but the 
features relating to the regulation and control of 
disturbing elements in the body, were not so fully 
set forth. True, the divine law, relating to the 
course to be pursued in cases of individual tres- 
pass, as given in the eighteenth chapter of Mat- 
thew, was alluded to, but a fuller discussion of 
details would have been desirable. 

"The Importance of Coancils, — Local and Gen- 
eral," was spoken of aB having a place among the 
principles essential to successful church govern- 

" What Available Means will serve the Minis- 
ter to best Enable him to Preach the Word with 
Efficiency, and to the Edification of his Hearers." 
In the opening of the discussion of this subject, 
the Btudy of the Word was set forth as being of 
the first importance. The preacher, too, should 
have a just appreciation of his work, as well so 
the circumstances and surroundings of his hear- 
ers, and be able to adapt his labor, or point of 
quality, as well as quantity, to the surroundings 
of the occasion. In hie manner of presenting 
the truth, he should aim at such simplicity and 
clearness as will be best appreciated. Holding 
his commission as from on high, he should mag- 
nify his calling, so as ever to demean himself as 
one called of God. "Study, to show thyself ap- 
proved unto God." 

Study, in the way of sermonizing, should em- 
brace the Word in all its bearings, with such 
analysis of the subject studied, as will fix in 
mind, clearly, the points involved, with their re- 
lations to each other. To study how to present 
these points, does not necessarily require verbal 
preparation, but just such an arrangement of the 
thoughts as will enable one to present them with 
most clearness, — depending upon the inspiration 
of the occasion for a flow of words and power of 

Embracing too much in one discourse, by- a 
loose, discursive manner, is not favorable to a 
clear, full, and forcible presentation of the truth. 
" As much as possible," said one brother, "study 
purity of expression, and avoid cant phrases, and 
slang." "Don't," said an aged brother, with pe- 
culiar force, "don't, try to be, or do, like some 
one else. Be natural! Be yourself! " 

" How Shall we best Care for the Young Mem- 
bers of the Ohurch, bo as to Nourish them in 
the Divine Life?" Thoroughness of conversion 
was insisted upon, so the evidences of the Divine 
Life may not be wanting. Such, it was urged, 
could be best cared for, by treating them upon 
every possible occasion, with that tender re- 
gard and attention, that will make them feel and 
realize that they are indeed members of the house- 
hold of faith, and of the common family of breth- 
ren and siBters in Christ. 

The spiritual mind in the youDg, as well as the 
older ones, is nourished by food adapted to its 
need. Special attention should be given to the 
regular supply of such food as is necessary. Neg- 
lect of Christian duty and Christian privilege soon 
begets coldness, and retards spiritual growth, 
hence the importance of taking the young to 
ohurch, and insisting on their attending church 
on every poBBible occasion. And as we are creat- 
ures, that learn to do, by doing, any and every- 
thing, that will bring into exercise their spiritual 
gifts was urged as of speoiel importance in pro- 
moting their growth in graoe, end in the divine 

life. Sympathy end encouragement, in the h 
of trial and temptation, it was urged, would 
helpful, and it should always be given, w 
there is occasion or opportunity for giving it. 
"Our Personal Relation to MissionB and 1 
siou Work, and what Degree of such Work 
Acquit us before God?" Christ's mission 
earth, and our relation to him, were eet forth : 
fixing our relation to missions and mission wi 
We are workers together with God. As m 
bers of Christ's body, — the church, — we re] 
sent him on earth, and, individually and coll 
ively, are commissioned to carry on his wors 
the world. The declaration, "Go ye into all 
world and preach the Gospel to every creatui 
fixeB the responsibility upon ue. 

The church is a miasionary body, and sets fo 
the preacher to preach the Gospel. A liv 
membership will realize its responsibility in 
way of giving to the Lord, and working for 

It was one feature of Christ's personal miss 
on earth, that the poor had the Gospel preac] 
to them. The world is full of poor. Those v 
have no hope, and are without God in the wo: 
are poor indeed. The Gospel is the source 
imperishable riches to such, — even the unsear 
able riches of Christ. His mission in this wc 
was to such. Our mission is, as much as in 
lies, to further his work in the world- 

" The Right Relation of each Member to 
Church, and how to Maintain that Relatio 
This subject, in the opening was justly rej 
sented as being related, in some of its featu: 
to the one immediately preceding. The relat 
was spoken of as that of a body, with its ir 
vidual members controlled by the Head, and 
branches, living and growing, by virtue of tt 
connection with the Living Vine. "I am ; 
Vine; ye are the branches." The tenor of the < 
cussion indicated the following lines of thong 
The relation is a living relation, and, as such 
Ts a growing and fruitful one, — having its fi 
unto holiness. It is a relation of unity. Me 
bers of one body, controlled by one head, must 
actuated by one purpose. A common faith 
common hope, and a common sympathy must 
1st, where there is a true relation existing 
tween the individual members, and the body, c 
trolled by the one Living Head, 

The relation is an active, working one. It d 
not exist, where the individual member has o 
a nominal connection with the church, and 
simply carried along as a dead weight by it. 
must be such a one as to prompt and induce the 
dividual, to help and encourage the work of 
church. The relation can only be maintaii 
through the principle of unity and Christian 

The Duty of Parents to their Children, 8 
of Children to their Parents." The work gr< 
ing out of parental obligation was spoken of as 
ing of immeasurable importance. In you 
more than at any other time, children are like ) 
plastic clay in the hands of the potter, and th 
character can more readily be moulded at will. 

Daring the period of growth and developmi 
children should have the best possible conditio 
opportunities, and facilities afforded them. 1 
purpose and end of these should contemplate 1 
culture and development of the entire being. 

Such broad culture, would have a tendency 
quicken the sense of filial obligation, and be 
tended by a corresponding action on the part 
the children to their parents. 

The Meeting was largely attended by brethi 
and others, and those who attended from a c 
tance appreciate with kindness the liberal si 

port given the Meeting by the entire eommsni 



Dear Children:— 

We well know yon will rejoice with ns, for 
the bountiful harvest we have reaped through onr 
faithful sowing, by means of God's grace, good 
will, talents, and money. God knows the good 
that may be derived from our labors of love in 
Jesus' name, so let us give him praise and honor 
for the blesBing. We should feel very thankfnl, 
indeed, for all that is past, aEd trust him for all 
that is to come. Let us, every one, now ask his 
blessings to go with it, to his name's honor and 
glory. Had our amount been smaller than usual, 
we should not have been cast down, for it would 
have been just as he willed it. Oh how pleasant 
it is to have perfect trust in a higher power! 

I feel very grateful to every one who has 
helped in the work, for without your aid, our ef- 
forts wonld have been in vain. Dear children, 
we want to reach the pearly gates of heaven 
bringing in the Bheaves. The soul of one is 
worth more than the world, and why not strive 
hard, while in this life, we now live, for we are 
his own, bought with the price of his own pre- 
oious blood? 

We dearly love to sing the songs of Zion, and 
pray the prayer of the faithful, bowed around the 
altar in the presence of God alone. How we love 
to hear the little voices unite in sacred soDg, and 
repeat the Lord's Prayer. It thrills our heart 
with joy, and theirs with gladness, for tli6 blessed 
opportunity. We teach them that before we bow 
in humble prayer, they must be, get, and keep 
very quiet, for we want to talk to God, and want 
him to hear what we say in their behalf, for we 
want him to answer our prayer. All are very 
quiet during our exercises. All give us due re- 
spect, and God the honor, in Jesus' name. We 
feel the responsibility resting heavily upon us; 
for the salvation of their dear souls is ever dear 
to us. It seems to us there should be a tender 
care exercised for the little ones; they are so lova. 
ble, young and tender. They need much nour- 
ishment in the divine life, and they should be 
kept in their innocency and purity. 

Need we be ashamed that God has directed us 
thus? Nay, verily. We earnestly pray that 
some of them may some day teach the little ones. 
" Train up a child in the way he should go, and 
when he is old he will not depart from it." 
he should wander away, God is still mindful of 
him, and may prolong his life that, in his old age, 
he may come back to his Father's house, rejoicing 

Our heart is made to feel sad at the wandering 
of onr own dear children. May we ask an interest 
in the prayers of all earnest and believing Chris- 
tians in their behalf? 

We truly hope, dear children, you will still con- 
tinue to help in the furtherance of the blessed 
cause. We send, in this, the previous reports 
again, giving the amounts of each year, so there 
will be no misunderstanding concerning how oft- 
en it is sent in. We have never reported quar- 
terly, but will, should the amount come in en- 

Below you will find a report of the amounts 
received : 

McPherson, Kane., Belle Miller and Sunday- 
school class, 18 cents, Julia Better, 5 cents, Fern 
Kuns, 5 oents, Boy Gharst, 5 cents, Frank 
Gharst, 8 cents, Bhobes Gharst, 5 cents, Grace 
Gharst, 6 cents, Edna Gharst, 5 cents, Effie Coov- 
er, 5 cents, Blanche Ooover, 5 oents, Mary Coov- 
er, 3 cents, Hervett Miller, 5 cents, Carrie Dier- 
droff, 6 oents, Bhea Dierdroff, 6 cents, Fern 

Dierdroff, US oents, Ollie Dierdroff, 20 oents,] 

Grace Vaniman, 10 oents, Joeie Beish, 10 cents, 
Harry Beish, 10 cents, Anna Woofers, 10 cents, 
Bertha Wooters, 10 cents, Emma Wooters, 
10 cents, Walter Gemmert, 25 cents, Eliza Mil- 
ler, 25 cents, Otis Vauirnan, 25 cents. 

Solicited by GnsBie B. Cnllen, South Beatrice 
church, Holmesville Nebr., Gusbio V. Cnllen, 
25 cents, Esther Miller, 25 cents, Archie Miller, 
25 cents, Willie Cordis, 110 cents, Jacob Groff, 
25 cents, Harrison Frantz, 10 cents, Annie Heas- 
ton, 10 cents, Davie Heaston, 5 cents, Eva Over- 
lees, 10 cents, Mary Overlees, 6 cents, Hattie 
Hixson, 6 oents, Schuyler Hixson, 5 cents, El- 
mer Cohen, 1 cent, Alva Cohen, 1 oent, Eva 
Cohen, 1 cent, Elsie Smith, 5 cents, Lizzie Ne- 
her, 15 cents, Susie Neher, 6 cents, C. F. Cnllen, 
10 cents, Mary Frantz, 10 cents, Lonetta Dear- 
droff, 10 cents, Lydia Dierdroff, 1 cent, Beasie 
Deardroff, 1 oent, Frank Beiff, 6 oents, Olarenoe 
Cnllen, 10 cents. 

Marlow, Indian Territory, Herbert Detrick, 50 
cents, Maggie Detrick, 50 cents; Steamboat Bock, 
Iowa, E. Kennedy, 50 cents; Virden, 111, Pleasant 
Hill, Primary Sunday-school class, 31 cents, N. 
J. Brubaker's Sunday-school class, 53 cents, 
Pleasant Hill Sunday-school, $2.60; Bosemont, 
New Jersey, Jason A. Stiffler, 10 cents; Home- 
stead, Pa, Emily E Stimer, 10 cents; Virden, 
III., David 0. GibBon, 75 cents, Eva Lena Gib- 
son, 5 cents; Linwood Ind., Pipe Creek churoh, 
by Clara Euglar, $10.01; Elkhart Valley Sun- 
day-school, Ind., $0 28; a Bister, $110; Wood- 
bury, Pa., Dessa May Miller, 20 cents, Brown 
Miller, 20 cents; Auburn, 111., Fannie E. Wolga- 
muth, 10 cents, Bertha S. Wolgamuth, 10 oents, 
Harry H. Wolgamuth, 10 cents, Grace M. Wol- 
gamuth, 10 cents; Bockton, Pa, Libbie Hol- 
lopeter, 82; McComb, Ohio, D. W. C. Ban, 75 
cents; Pleasant Hill, 111., Mary A. Brubaker's Sun- 
day-school class, 68 cents, Primary Sunday-school 
class, 55 cents, E. F. Brubaker's Sunday-school 
class, $1.09; Virden, III., Pleasant Hill Snnday- 
school, 82.63; McPherson, Kans, Mattie Hull's 
Sunday-school class, $3.44; Pleasant Hill, 111., 
Carrie B. Miller's Sunday-school class, $1 17, 
James Wirt's Sunday-school class, 14 cents 
Loon Creek Ind., A. H. Snowberger's Sunday 
school class, $3; Girard, 111., West Otter Creek 
Sunday-school, Ollie Gibson, Treasurer, 91 cents, 
A class, F. E Eiffey, SI 08, O. class, Charles O. 
Gibson, $1 78, D. class, Melvia Wrighteman, 
■SI. 04, E class, Laura Gibson, 92 cents, F. class, 
Mary Beckner, 39 cents; Gardner, Kane., Maud 
Frantz, 5 cents, Susan Ooltrane, 5 cents, Harry 
Whetstone, 2 cents, Oliffey Sharp, 5 cents, Albert 
Crist, 6 oents, Edna Sharp, 5 cents, Gertrude 
Sharp, 4 cents, Morris Frantz, 2 cents, Bessie 
Davidson, 1 cent, Debby Kalbangh, 3 cents, Tras- 
tal Kalbangh, 2 cents ; Pleasant Grove, Pa , by 
Emma O. Keitz, S3; Eittman, Ohio, Carl H. Elli- 
ott, 25 cents; Virden, 111., Lemuel E. Gibson, 55 
cents; a siBter, 74 cents; Oerro Gordo, III., Mol- 
lie McOIure, 5 cents; Virden, 111, Mr. and Mrs. 
E. L. Brnbaker, 25 cents; El Paso, 111, Panther 
Creek ohurch, by Lee Barnhart, $3; Pleasant 
Hill church, Illinois, Children's meeting, $3.01;' 
Laurel Dale, W. Va, John F. Ebert, 50 cents, 
Ismene Cassady, 25 cents, Nancy Beed, 20 cents, 
AdaAmtonr, 10 cents, Otis Ebert, $2 00, Eliza- 
beth Hilkey, 50 cents; Virden, 111, S. B. and 0. 
B. Miller, S2 00; Hamlin, Kans, North Morrill 
church, by Lizzie Wallace, SI 10; Lamar, Mo., 
Ada Slabaugh, 50 cents, Warren Slabaugh, 50 
cents, Alma Slabaugh, 50 cents, Amy Slabaugh, 
50 cents, Alta Slabaugh, 50 cents; Linwocd, Md., 
Pipe Creek church, Clara Englar, 50 cents; 
Pleasant Hill, 111, E. F. Brubaker's Sunday- 
sohool class, 44 cents, Primary class, 55 cents; 
Farmersville, 111., Macoupin Creek ohurch, Ob- 
cm Oarr, Treasurer, %16; Goshen, Ind., Yellow 

Creek church, children's meeting, S7.35; Lans- 
dale, Pa, Winfield Moyer, 35 cents, Herbert 
Moyer, 35 cents; Virden, 111., Mary A. Bruba- 
ker's Sunday-school claBS, 31 cents; Auburn 111, 
Auburn Sunday-school by Mattie Harnley, $1.88; 
Clay Hill, Pa., Edna and Ira Anthony, 10 cents; 
Virden 111, Carrie G. Miller's Sunday-school 
class, $1.90, Ella B. Jaggers, 15 cents; El Dora- 
do, Ohio, Ada and Mary Eby, 15 cents, Mertie 
Baker, 5 cents, Bertha and Ada Miller, 20 cents, 
Gertie and Hattie Speugler, 10 cents, Stella 
and Hattie Eichards, 10 cents, Harry and Ches- 
ter Petry, 15 cents, Bertha 0. Fillberry, 10 cents, 
Elmer and Libbie Petry, 25 oents, Susie Petry, 
15 cents; Tallula, III, Hattie, George, Alva, 
John, Mattie and Arthur Wright, $1.20. Total, 
$95.00; June, 1892, report, $47.65. Since Jan. 1, 
1892, total of whole amount, $142.65. 

Eeceived in 18S6, $50.00; 1887, $47.00; 1888 
S97.00; 1889, $110.00; 1890, $110.00; 1891, $92.50; 
1892, $142 65. Total amount since April lo! 
188G, $649.15. 

Girard, III., Box 421. 


"Stady to ehow thyself approved unto God, a workman 
ttiat needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the Word of 
Truth."— 3 Tim. 2:15. 

Tbe poor minister often feels disconraged, as 
he has not the helps he needs, or the means to 
procure them. He should have a "Webster's 
Dictionary," " Doctrine of the Brethren Defend- 
ed," and other good books, and most of all he 
should attend our Bible Normals. But can he? 
No, he cannot; he must get along the best he can 
with his limited education, and scarcity of books 
and helps. I do hope the time will come when 
those who need help in this direction can be sup- 
plied through a fund, or by some lawful means. 
There is much money wasted that could be right- 
ly UBed, and be a blessing to those who are in 
need of help to do tffioient work in the ministry. 
Trne, onr church has made a decided improve- 
ment during the las' ten years, bnt we can still 
improve more. It does Beem to me there should 
be some way to help our poor ministers to what 
they need. It is hard to study when he has not 
the necessary works. Some say, " Study the Bi- 
ble." That is well and good; but the minister 
must have help in that direction. Some will Bay, 
"Ask God for help." Well, that is right too, but 
we must try to help ourselves, and help one an- 
Painter, Kam. 


The drink bill of Great Britain last year 
amounted to $700,000,000. This is enough money 
to support a fifth part of the population in com- 
fort. This worse-than-wasted wealth would put 
upon the wave of prosperity Gen. Booth's " sub- 
merge tenth," and the next tenth above them as 
well. To say nothing of the domestic misery, of 
the crime and cruelty, which it causes, every 
statesman, every politician, every editor, knows 
that the spending of this immense sum in this 
way is a hnge and hideous economic crime. Yet 
in England, as with us, statesmen and politicians 
and editors are afraid to attack it. They cower 
and tremble before this monster evil, and dare 
not assail the interests of men who control so 
much wealth. Their attitude towards it is that 
which they have occupied towards other mighty 
abuses in the days of their power. This attitnde 
they invariably occupy until the righteous people 
of the nation make them more afraid of them. 
selves than of the evil-doers, 


The Gospel Messenger, 

A Weekly at $1.50 Per Annum. 
The Brethren's Publishing Co. 

D. L. MILLER, Editor 

J. H. MOORE, Office Editor. 

J. B. Brumbaugh, I _ , . _.„ 

J _ _ ' > - - - - Associate Editors. 

J. G. Roybr, ( 

JOSEPH AMICK, BuslnesB Mannger. 

L. W. T«ler, A. HulcbUon, D«nI«I H»y«. 

i for publication should be legibly written with 
black Ink on one side ol the paper only. Do not attempt to Interline, or 
to put on one page what ought to occupy two. 

t&~ Anonymous communications will not be published. 

[yDu not mix business with articles lor publication. Keep your 
communldtiiiri* on :;t lur.ilt. shtets from all business. 

fy*Timp Is precious. We always have time to attend to business and 
to answer questions of Importance, but please do not subject us to need 
less answering o( letters. 

^P-The Messenger fs mailed each week to all subscribers. II the ad- 
dress Is correctly entered on our list, the paper must reach the person to 
whom It 13 addressed. II you do not get your paper, write us, giving par- 

t^"Wlicn changing your address, please give your former as well as 
your future address In lull, so as to avoid delay and misunderstanding. 

0P~Always remit to the office lroiu which you order your goods, no 
matter from where you receive them. 

S3f Do not send personal checks or drafts on Interior banks, unless you 
send with them a$ cents each, to pay lor collection. 

EyKemlttances should be made by Post-office Money Order, Drafts 
on New York, Philadelphia or Chicago, or Registered Letters, made pay- 
able and addressed to "Brethren's Publishing Co., Mount Morris, 111.," 
or " Brethren's Publishing Co., Huntingdon, Pa." 

|9~Entcrcd at the Post-office at Mount Morris, 111., as second-class 

Ho ant Horrls, 111,, 

In a marriage notice, a few weeks ago, Hattie 
Jones should have been Katie Jones. 

Bro. S. E, Yundt is expected to begin a series 
of meetings at Waddam's Grove, 111., this week. 

The Falling Spring church, Pa., reports forty 
additions by baptism sinoe November last, 

Brio, Noah Fished recently closed a series of 
meetings in the Huntington church, Iud., with 
eleven additions. 

Bno. John Zook, of Iowa, gave us a short call 
last week. He has promised us some articles for 
the Messenger during the year. 

Bro. Geo. D. Zollerb is engaged in a series of 
meetings at Milledgeville, 111. He called here a 
few hours on his way to the meetings. 

Bro. John Early, of Iowa, called on us last 
week. He has been doing some preaching at 
West Branoh. He returns home this week. 

The members in Fulton County, 111., have be- 
come greatly interested in vocal music this winter. 
They have already ordered nearly one hundred 
copies of the Brethren's Hymnal. 

Bbo. Hutchison reached Keuka, Fla., Bafely 
and reports a happy reception and pleasant meet- 
ings. His letter in this issue shows quite a con- 
trast between the North and South at this season 
of the year. 

Writing from McPherBon, Kana., under date 
of Jan. IS, Bro. I. D. Parker saya, "Sister Parker 
and myself arrived here last evening, to remain 
until Feb. 1. Our meetings near Nappanee, Ind., 
closed Jan. 15 with nine baptized, one restored, 
and six applicants." 

The person who thinks his position in society 
demands that he should wear better clothes than 
he is able to pay for, is in great need of a course 
of instruction in Christian economy. Buying 
things, and then not paying for them, may have 
something to do with the society in which he is 
to move in the next world. 

When laBt heard from, Bro. Bennett Trout was 
still continuing his meetings at Covington, Ohio, 
with goad interest and sixlem additiooe. 

All new subscribers, received after this date, 
will have their subscriptions commenced with 
this issue. We are out of back nnmbers. 

During: the recent series of meetings at Booth, 
Kana., eleven heeded the Gospel call and were 
baptized, with indications of more to follow. 

Bro. A. W. Austin writes that he occasionally 
holds meetings in Gainesville, Tex., where a few 
members live. The meetings are held in private 

Brethren Miller and Lahman should now be 
addressed at Jerusalem, Syria, in care of Thoa. 
Cook <fe Son. They will probably reach that 
point about Feb. 10. 

Those who censure the Mission Board for not 
sending miniaters to the foreign misaion fieldB 
should bear in mind that the Board is patiently 
waiting for some consecrated one to say, "Here 
am I; send me." 

We write this item on Tueaday afternoon in 
the midst of the heaviest snow-storm of the sea- 
son. It has been snowing all day, and yet the 
Brethren in Nebraska write us that there is not 
one particle of snow near Kearney, that State. 

Our meetings at the Chapel are progressing 

encouragingly. The large audience room has 

proven too small to hold the people. Bro, Teeter 

doing some excellent preaching. Two have 

ne out on the Lord's Bide, and we hope more 

will follow. 

/ Mr. Gladstone, at the present time the most 
eminent living statesman in the world, recently 
said that, during the forty-seven years he has 
been a member of the British Cabinet, he had as- 
sociated with sixty of the master minds of the 
country, and all but five of them , were believers 
in Christianity. 

Items are going the rounds of secular papers 
concerning some of our ministers baptizing in ice 
water, keeping each candidate in the water five or 
more minutes when the mercury was down to zero. 
One item says it took the minister fifteen minutes 
to baptize three little girls, and that he offered a 
prayer between each dip. Another informs the 
public how it required a full hour to baptize 
seven. Our people must learn to make a good 
deal of allowance for such reports. Last winter 
scores of papers published an extravagant narra- 
tive of a baptismal scene in Iowa that called out 
much censure from the press. We investigated 
the case and found that the report was mainly 
false, and there was no occasion whatever for un- 
due criticism. 

In the Missionary Department of this iaBue 
will be found Bister Mary M. Gibson's report of 
the Children's Fund for 1892. The showing is 
quite good and indicates that we are raising a lit- 
tle army of givers, some of whom give as little as 
one cent. During the laBt seven years the chil- 
dren have paid to sister Gibson §649.15. Thia 
amount has been turned over to the Mission 
Board from time to time, and is being used in 
preaching the Gospel to those who are out of 
Christ. After this sister Gibaon's reports will 
appear in the Young Disciple. As her work is 
mainly among the children, she will be able to 
reach them more directly through this medium. 
Then the Young Disciple enjoys a very large cir- 
culation, especially in the summer, when its cir- 
culation at times nearly equals that of the Mes- 
senger, and it is wielding an influence that will 
be felt incoming years. 

Bro. S. M. Forney writes, "Bro. J. E Toun 
ia holding a very aucceaaful series of meetings i 
the Wood River church, Nebr. To-day, Jan. 11 
Bix were baptized and one reclaimed, with goo 
prospects of more to come. In October four wei 
baptized and six received by letter." Seven 
have been baptized since this report." 

Our Bible Term closes this week. It has proi 
en an exceedingly interesting session in man 
ways. The attendance was good, and the line c 
study just what is needed among our minister 
The ministers who attended this Term go froi 
here with new inspiration and improved method 
of study, ready to enter upon their work to be: 
ter advantage. 

Fhom a letter, written by Bro. J. O. Molsbei 
we learn that Bro. JameB K. Davis, a deacon i 
the Cedar Grove church, Tenn., met with a sa 
;h Jan. 14. While standing in a large ovei 
shot water-wheel, chopping the ice away, th 
wheel started and killed him instantly. He ha 
not time to apeak one word. He leaves a wif 
and four children. 

Several letters from Keuka, Fla,, inform o 
that Bro. Hutchison is having some gloriou 
meetings at that place. Nearly everybody in th 
town and community attends the services. A 
unusual cold wave passed over the entire Sout 
during the month. In parts of Tennessee it i 
said to have been colder than ever before know 
in the history of the State. The cold came on a 
gradually in Florida that it is thought to hav 
done but little permanent damage. The member 
are cheerful. 

When you give a man a good tract, it stays wit 
him and talks to him when he is alone. It aJs 
talks to his wife and children. It does all th 
talking; they cannot talk back, but must liste 
and think. The Messenger does likewise, whe 
it goes into a family. It talks every week, rai 
or shine. It gives hundreds of our readers 
chance to talk to that family. Week after wee 
they are getting the good out of the paper, am 
conrae of time, it may lead them to Chris 
Many have been brought to Jesus in this inanne 
and thousands more could thus be enlightene 
and brought into the kingdom, if our missionary 
and others would make a wise use of the Messei 
ger for that purpose. From ail parts of otj 
Brotherhood we are collecting the very best c 
food for the mind and soul, and would be please 
to reach thousands of unconverted families, wit 
a view of bringing them to Christ. Let ever] 
body help in this good work! 

A Sunday-school teacher writes how, at th 
beginning of 1892, he delivered to each pupil c 
Mb class, twenty-five cents as a representation! 
a talent, with instructions to rise according 1 
Matt. 25: 14-30, and report at the end ( 
the year. There were ten young women in tfc 
class. They invested their money in variot 
ways. One made bonnets and sold them. Ai 
other did likewise with aprons. Each one foun 
something to do with her money." And to the: 
astonishment, as well aa the teacher's, they wei 
enabled, Jan. 11, 1893, to turn over to the echo* 
$40.08. No one had buried her talent, but r< 
turned the one she had received with a very larg 
increase. The plan may be a good one if en 
ployed to only a very limited extent, and the pa 
ties instructed to use the money in a lawful mat 
ner. The Lord demands that we improve oi 
talents, but also requires that the improvemei 
be in the right direction. The plan also shov 
how we may work for the Lord if we have tl 
will to do so. 

Jan. 31, 1893. 


" A Christian man may believe that his ohnrch 
is far from perfect, and may yet consistently re- 
tain his membership in it; but in the very mo- 
ment in which he reaches the conclusion that it 
is a thoroughly cormpt organization, he is bound 
to leave it and lift up his voice against it. If he 
hesitates, he shows that he is lacking in courage." 
This is the way one of our exchanges talks. The 
better way is for the man never to join a church 
that he calls " his " church. Join the church of 
Jesus Christ. If it shonld prove not to be as per- 
fect as it ought to be, let him work manfully to 
bring it to a higher state of perfection. There is 
nothing like getting in the right church for a 
permanent position. 

To call attention to the defect) and shortcom- 
ings of a church in a kindly WBy, and with a view 
of curing them, is one thing; but to indulge in 
indiscriminate denunciation and abuse is qaite 
another thing. The time is coming, and will 
speedily be here, when this latter custom will not 
be tolerated in the pnlpits of any denomination, 
and when the men, whose vocation seems to be to 
degrade the ohnrch in the eyes of the world, will 
be compelled to go outside to do it. A carefnl 
reading of Eev. 2 and 3 will show how Jesus 
talked about the seven churches. He praised 
them for their faithfulness, bnt admonished them 
to repent of their wrong-doings. We have little 
nse for the men who are constantly whipping the 
church. It is far more profitable to do as Jesus 
instructed Peter: "Feed my sheep;" "feed my 

It is said by those acquainted with the make- 
up of the Brethren's schools, that a large per 
cent of the pupils are ministers' children. This 
is both significant and suggestive. It shows on 
which side of the school question our ministers 
may be found, and their realization of the need of 
An education. In their ministerial labors they 
keenly feel the want of better mental cnlture, and 
are now willing to make sacrifices that their chil- 
dren may enjoy that of which they themselves 
have been deprived. The minister and his wife 
are inured to sacrifices for ^he good of others, 
and are willing to suffer that their ohildren may 
procure an education, trusting that, in the end, it 
will redound to the glory of God and the good of 
the chnroh. Not being able to leave them prop- 
erty, they beqneath to them something far better 
and more lasting, — a well-trained mind, imbued 
with the idea of benefiting the human race. 

After listening to a good sermon, do you ever 
show your appreciation by giving the minister a 
few words of encouragement? How would you 
like to travel several miles, feed a hungry body of 
men, and they would not even say, " Thank yon " ? 
Any minister is made the better and stronger by 
a few words of encouragement. 

The following extract from a card just received, 
Bhows how the truth is being sought after in some 
isolated points: "Dear Brother in the Lord: — 
Will you please send me a copy of the Gosvel 
Messes on: '! This day I have heard that there is 
such a paper, — the organ of the Brethren. I am 
a clergyman in Christ, preaching for a people 
who call themselves Baptists. I have learned a 
few things about the Brethren, their peculiar be- 
liefs, and admire a church holding to the Word in 
faith and practice in these degenerate days." 
The paper has been sent, and we trust that it will 
be the meanB of opening a fruitful field for labor 
in that very isolated local if y ' 


Mb. Stanley tells an amusing story of a naked 
and good-natured prince in equatorial Africa who 
asked him: "Do they talk mnch about me in 
Europe?" We often think of this incident when 
we witness any special exhibition of silly conceit. 
It is the folly of many people to suppose that 
they are objects of interest to the whole world. 
We know,- says one of our exchanges, at least one 
"disgruntled" Methodist preacher of limited 
ability, and still more limited reputation, who 
really believes that the bishops, editors, secreta- 
ries, and other officials of his church, have en- 
tered into a conspiracy to abridge his usefulness 
and rob him of merited honors. We know anoth- 
er, whose puerile eccentricities have made him 
unacceptable wherever he has labored, but who 
does not hesitate to say that, in this respect, he 
belongs in the same category with Wesley, Lu- 
ther, Paul, and Jeans Christ. Can vanity reach a 
loftier height than this? This comes from the 
unholy habit of men thinking of themselves 
more highly than they ought to think. Bom. 12: 
3, "Charity thinketh no evil." Men, and 
preaohers especially, should learn to think "so- 
berly, according as God .hath dealt Jto every man 
the measure of faith." 

Bro. Samuel Forney has been the only minister jxTadiln^ 
through here for many years. He has had a very large terri- 
tory to work, consequently It has not been well woiked all 
over. If some of your thirty. two Mt. Morris ministers would 
come to the frontier, you would not nerd to rust out, but 
might wear out. We came here one week ago. I never saw 
better Interest. Last night two came out on the Lord's side. 
A deep conviction pervades the congregation. We have fine 
weather and no snow. J. E. Young, 

Wood River, Ncbr. 

We wish to assnre our brother that very little 
rusting is going on among the preachers at this 
place. They are kept too busy for that. We are 
getting a soore of them ready to send west or to 
some other point where they are needed. Many 
of us would not be here if our work in the school 
and on the paper did not demand it. But these 
are important departments, and the labors of 
some of our ministers are demanded. A few, and 
only a few, happened to reside here. Several 
have located here on account of edncating their 
children, while many young ministers came here 
to prepare themselves for work in the minis- 
try. We sent a number away last year, and 
a number will go to other fields in the spring. 
We make the best possible nse of them while 
they are with us, trusting that they will go out 
into the world fully equipped for the Christian 

During the month of January we had with us 
many other ministers. They were hard workers 
and applied themselves to stndy with diligence. 
They go from here filled with the missionary 
spirit and with better methods of study, fully re- 
solved, we 'trust, to consecrate themselves more 
fully to the work of the ministry, and stand firm- 
ly in defense of the principles adopted by the 
church. ThuB they come and go, while a few of 
ns remain. In this congregation we have about 
sixteen monthly appointments. Some Sundays 
we have as many as ten ministers out preaching, 
and there is scarcely a week when some of them 
are not in other fields. Most of our young min- 
isters are active Sunday-school teachers and put a 
great deal of hard work in that department. We 
say this, not as an excuse for having so many 
ministers at Mt. Morris, but to show that we keep 
them moving, and if they are not active workers 
when they locate in other fields, it will not be the 
fanlt of this congregation. We hope Bro. Young 
will succeed in getting some of them to locate in 
| his part of the WeBt, '• B. M. 

(Copyright applied for; nil rights reserved.) 


No 29. -The Aroh of Titus. -Table of Shewbread 

and Qolden Candlestick.— Cathedrals. 
Tut: disciples, on one oocasion, called the atten- 
tion of onr Lord to the great buildings of the 
temple at JernBalem; and aa they stood beholding 
the wonderful structure, he said to them : " See ye 
not all these things? Verily I Bay unto you, 
There Bhall not bo loft here one atone upon an- 
other, that shall not be thrown down." After 
this he sat on the Mount of Olives, with the Holy 
City spread out before him, and, calling his disci- 
ples to him, he gave them that wonderful proph- 
ecy concerning the destruction of Jerusalem, re- 
corded by Matthew, and whioh waB so literally 
fulfilled forty-one years later. 

When Christ spoke to his disciples the words 
of this prophecy, the reign of Tiberius was 
drawing to a close. He was sucoeeded by Calig- 
nla, who reigned four years and gave place to 
Claudius, who was succeeded by the tyrant Nero 
I 64-67) under whose reign occurred the first per- 
secution in Borne, in whioh Paul, and, it is sup- 
posed, Peter also, suffered martyrdom.- The im- 
mediate successors of Nero were Gnlba, Otho and 
Vitellus, each reigning bnt a few months. A 
change then occurred in the reigning family. 
Vitellns was the last of the Julian family, as the 
descendants of JuliuB Ciosar were called. He 
was succeeded by a soldier, named VeBpasian, 
and it was during his reign, A. D. 69-70, that his 
son Titus marched againBt Jerusalem, and, after 
a long siege, took and completely destroyed the 
City of David. Thns it will be Been that, from 
the time our Savior foretold the destruction of 
Jerusalem until all his words concerning that 
event were fulfilled, seven dill'erent emperors 
ruled in Borne. We refer to this to show what 
great changes had taken place in the Imperial 

After the destruction of Jerusalem the Roman 
Senate conferred upon Titns divine honors, and 
accorded him a triumphal entry into the City of 
Borne. It was a grand display in honor of the 
oonqueror. At the head of the procession rode 
the victorious general, followed by his veteran 
Boldiers. Then came the captives, men, women 
and ohildren, who were to be sold into a slavery 
worse than death. No doubt, among that band 
of prisoners who marched through Borne that 
day, were some who had heard of the prophecy of 
Christ and had at en him cruoified. Now, too 
late, they realized what they had done. Follow- 
ing the captive Jews came the Bpoils of war. 
And here was to be Been the farniture of Solo- 
mon's Temple, the golden candlestick, the table 
of shewbread and the Ark of the Covenant, all 
carried on the shoulders of captive Jews. It 
must have been an imposing spectacle. 

After this the Senate decreed that a triumphal 
arch should be erected to commemorate the de- 
struction of Jerusalem and the victory of Titus. 
This was built in A. D. 81, and in this structure 
we have a silent witness to the troth of the Bible. 
The arch is Btanding today across the road of 
Triumph. It is finely embellished with statuary 
in relief. One figure represents Titus crowned 
by victory. But the most interesting part of the 
work is a representation of the triumphal pro- 
cession with the captive Jews, the victors carrying 
the golden candlestick with seven branches and 
the table with the shewbread. The work was 


Jon. 31, 18 

finely wrought in the marble, and the carved 
candlestick agrees exactly with the description 
given in the Bible. It shows that the artist had 
the candlestick before him when he did the work. 
The featnres of the men are also of the well- 
known Jewish type. Here is indisputable evi- 
dence that Titns destroyed Jerusalem, that he 
carried the Jews into oaptivity and that he 
brought the holy vessels and the furniture of the 
temple to Borne. 

With Bro. Lahman we made a careful and crit- 
ical examination of this relic of the past, and to 
us it seems a silent, bnt wonderful witness of the 
truth of God's Book. As we Btood beneath the 
lofty arch, we thought of Hawthorne's words, 
"Standing beneath the Arch of Titns, and amid 
so much dust, it is difficult to forbear the com- 
monplaces of enthusiasm, on which hundreds of 
tourists have already insisted. Over the half- 
worn pavement, and beneath this aroh, the Rom- 
an armies had trodden in their outward march, to 
fight the battles, a world's width away. Return- 
ing victorious, with royal captives and inestima- 
ble spoil, a Koman triumph, that most gorgeous 
pageant of earthly pride, has streamed and flaunt- 
ed in hundredfold succession over these same 
flagstones, and through this yet stalwart archway." 


Rome is a city of churches. There are hun- 
dreds of them, ranging in splendor from St. Pe- 
ter's Cathedral down to the modest wayside chapel. 
We have space here to refer briefly to only two of 
them,— St. Peter's within the gates, and St. Paul's 
a mile from the city wall. Anything like a full 
description of either of these wonderful buildings 
would require a volume instead of a single letter 
in the Messenger. 

8t Peter's Cathedral stands near the place 
where Paul waB beheaded and is in the supposed 
site of Peter's orucifixion. The first ohnreh was 
built here by Oonstantine the Great. The pres- 
ent straoture dates from the year 1450 when the 
reconstruction of the old church was begun by 
Nicholas V., and was dedicated Nov. 18, 1626. 
Additions were made to it, so that, at the begin- 
ning of the present century, the total cost of con- 
struction and deoorations amounted to over fifty 
million dollars. An addition to the church by 
Pino VI. cost nearly one million dollars and the 
annual cost of its maintenance and repairs is over 
a quarter of a million ($375,000). 

The following measurements are given as being 
approximately correct. Total length of building, 
including the portico is 696 feet; the greatest 
width in the transept, 450 feet; the height of the 
ceiling in the central nave, 150 feet, and from the 
pavement to the summit of the dome, 435 feet. 
The area inside of the wells is 18,000 square 
yards, nearly double that of the next largest 
cathedral in the world. The immense size of the 
building makes it the largest and the moBt im- 
posing, and, at the same time, the most expensive 
churoh in the world. A calculation as to the 
number of people, who might find standing room 
in the churoh, shows that, by placing three upon 
each square yard, 54,000 persons might be crowd- 
ed into the immense structure. 

The interiors of many of the great cathedrals 
of Europe are dark, damp and gloomy. This is 
true of St Paul's in London, Notre Dame in 
Paris, and the Colngne Cathedral. To this St. 
P.-t>r's is a nntaM« , xoeption. It is flooded with 
light, A. yud ,-,;!„ -,• ^„ b 9 iMio(j ih 8 light Wis 

on the many-colored, polished marble floor and is 
refleoted on rich walls, on columns of variegated 
marble, agate and porphyry, lighting up the rich- 
ly-coppered, gildel calling with dazzling efftjot. 
The first impression is one of bewilderment, but 
as the eye gradually takes in the vast proportions 
and the beauty of the interior, and the mind 
grasps the plan which Michael Angelo, the archi- 
tect, wrought out, the beholder is filled with won- 
der and amazement by the harmony and symmetry 
of its proportions and the wondrous beanty of the 
building. The great dome rests on four huge col- 
umns, eaoh two hundred and thirty-four feet in 
circumference and yet so well are these propor- 
tioned that they seem light and airy in the huge 

Beneath the dome, in the oenter of the church, 
is an imposing bronze canopy, ninety-five feet in 
height, under which is the high altar. It is said 
to stand immediately over the tomb of the Apos- 
tle Peter. Around it are eighty-nine lamps, kept 
constantly burning. Here the Pope of Rome 
alone officiates on occasions of high church festi- 
vals. At Buoh times the great building is crowded 
to its utmost capacity. Here once each year 
he washes, wipes and kisses the feet of twelve of 
his cardinals, selected for that purpose. This is 
done in imitation of the washing of the disciples' 
feet by the Master. We could not but reflect up- 
on the contrast between the two scenes. 

At Jerusalem in an upper chamber, borrowed 
or hired for the occasion, Jesus with the twelve 
sat down to eat his last supper with those he 
loved. It was an humble little group, poor in this 
world's goods but rich above all in associations. 
He rose from supper and washed their feet. The 
Son of God had not where to lay his head. The 
Pope of Rome officiates in a fifty million dollar 
church. And here, amid all this magnificent 
splendor, robed in rich vestments, sparkling with 
the coBtliest gems, he follows the example of 
Christ and washes his cardinals' feet. Could 
there be a greater or a more striking contrast? 

One thing more about the cathedral and we 
leave it. Near the high altar is a bronze statue, 
said to represent Peter. The figure is in a sit- 
ting posture and is placed on a marble throne. 
The right foot is slightly extended, or rather what 
is left of it, for it is partly worn away. We stood 
looking at it and every faithful Oatholio who 
passed by pressed his lips against the bronze foot, 
first wiping it with his handkerchief and then 
wiping it again after kissing it. Some, after kiss- 
ing, placed the forehead against the foot and offer- 
ed a prayer. Much kissing and wiping, has worn 
away the hard bronze until the toes are nearly, all 
gone. Surely, this is zeal without knowledge! 


We give this splendid churoh a mere passing 
notice. One writer has said that the finest monu- 
ment ever erected in this world is the church at 
Rome to the memory of Paul, the apostle to the 
Gentiles. The edifice is one vaBt hall of fine mar- 
ble and mosaics, and has been reared by contribu- 
tions from nearly all parts of the world. The in- 
terior is grand and imposing and is nicely deco- 
rated with different colored marble. The ceiling 
is richly coppered and is supported by eighty im- 
mense granite columns, beautifully polished 

" Imperial splendor all the roof adorns; 
Whose vaults a monarch built to God, and graced 
With golden hues the vast circumference. 
With gold the beams he covered, that within 

Tin light n igiu emulate the beams of morn," 

In this church is to be seen in mosaics a h 
of Christ after the description of Isaiah, " Heh 
no fore, nor comeliness; and when we shall see 1 
there iB no beauty that we should desire hii 
The artist succeeded in making a face withou 
single line of beauty in it. 

After visiting these magnificent structures 
have many reflections. Two thoughts were esf 
ially impressed upon the mind. 

1. Here are millions upon millions of doll 
spent in extravagant display, and within easy < 
tance of St. Peter's, thonsands of people are i 
fering for the necessities of life. At the dc 
ways of these costly structures every visitor is 
set by beggars who depend upon the generoi 
of strangers for bread. There seems to be sol 
thing radically wrong with a system that produ 
such striking contrasts in the lives of its folk 
ere. Splendor, magnificence, lavish display, 
told extravagance within ; beggary, hunger, star 
tion without. 

2, If the piety of a people, and the correotn 
of their beliefs were to be measured by I 
amount of money they give, then these must ate 
very high, for see the fabulous sums spent h 
in the construction of these great churches. 1 
have referred to two, and there are hnndreds 
them. It is true that piety and faith cannot 
measured in that way, but it does measure t 
zeal of the Roman Catholic church. And tt 
put to shame many who give so sparingly to I 
church of their choice. We profess, as a peoi 
to follow the Master in all hiB teachings, and 
believe we are right. Let as show our zeal a 
earnestness, not in building stately and magn 
cent churches but in spreading the gospel and 
keeping the poor. A man, rich in this wort 
goods, can only be saved from degradation a 
ruin by a liberal benevolence. d. L, It 


" Write what thou seest, and send It onto the churches." 

WChurch News solicited for this Department. If yoa have hi 
good meeting, send a report of it, so that others may rejoice with s 
In writing give name of church. County and State. Be brief. Note, 
Travel should be as short as possible. Land Advertisements are not 
lidted for this Department. We have an advertising page, and, if nei 
sary, will Issue supplements. 

Chips from the Work-House. 

New Year's Day was spent with the little ba 
of worshipers at 183 Hastings St., Chicago, 1 
A week later I was with them again over Lor< 
Day, and also attended their quarterly council 
Monday, Jan. 9. All business passed off pleasai 
ly. It was agreed upon to hold four Communi 
meetings each year, one in each of the follow: 
months, March, June, September and Decembei 

The missionary school under the efficient me 
agement of sister Alioe Boone, has grown to abc 
four times the number she had when I first vis 
ed it in October. She is now teaching about fif 
who receive regular lessons. Sister Boone h 
been appointed city missionary by the churc 
and is spending all her time and energy in tl 
good work. The work is under the care of t 
church, and, like the Sunday-school, is a bran 
of church work. Another sister, who is whol 
consecrated to the L >rd'a work and who has sin 
lar qualifications to sister Boone's is much need 
to live with and assist her in the work. Tl 
Good Lord has pat it into the hearts of soi 
brethren and Bisters, in various parts of t 
Brotherhood, to send contributions to forwa 
this noble work, without which help it oonld n 
be maintained. The church has appointed an a 

visos-y ooinmititee of which A, H, Emmert, 8 

Jan. 31, 1853 


Ashland Ave., Chicago, 111., is Treasurer, to whom 
contributions may be Bent. Sister Boone's ad- 
dress is: Alioe Boone, 183 Hastings St., Chicago, 
111. Contributions, sent to either of the above 
parties, will be faithfully applied to the good work 
so well begun. This brings us to consider man's 
needs, and God's supply. These are so related to 
each other that a blessing or a cnrse is inevitably 
connected with man's working, or not working 
with God. He rewards every good act, even the 
giving of a cup of water in the name of a disciple. 
In like manner a curse follows upon opportunities 
neglected. If the farmer neglectB to plow and 
plant, or fails to do his work in harmony with the 
principles that govern farming, he will find him- 
self and family pinched with want, hunger and 
cold, to teach him to farm better next time. If 
parents will neglect to direct, Restrain and prop- 
erly harmonize the actions of their children, while 
growing up, they will, as a rule, grow np a curse 
to them and the community. Even so it*ie in the 
large cities where there are thousands of boyB and 
girle growing up without the oare and direction 
of parents. God will hold the Christian commu- 
nities, in whioh such are, responsible for their 
training. If directed, restrained and their actions 
harmonized with the principles of right, it will re- 
sult in a blessing to them and others. If neglect- 
ed, they grow up a curse to themselves and others. 
The Lord has not said in vain, " Behold I come 
quickly, and my reward is with me, to give every 
man according as his work shallbe." Rev. 22: 12, 
Do not look for this ooming and rewarding as con- 
sisting in a personal coming only, and as being 
far off in the future. It iB now,— daily, hourly, 
momentarily, and all the time. 

Daniel Vaniman. 
McPherson, Kant. 

Notes by the Way. 

The meetings at the Eagle Creek church, Ohio, 
closed on the evening of Jan. 4. I was with this 
churoh a little over two weeks. While the at- 
tendance was not so large at first, it increased 
largely towardB the close. One precious soul was 
-baptized into Christ, as we trust. Many others 
seemed very near the kingdom, but desired to 
wait a little. When asked for the reason why, 
they could not tell. Why is it that at so many 
places there are so few of the Brethren's children 
in the church? Are parents too little concerned 
about the salvation of their children, or is there 
so much seed sown by us preachers that is not the 
pure Word of God? Do we say, "The church is 
too particular?" If not in the pulpit, perhaps we 
sow such seed during our stay in private families. 
If so, the children will conolude the church is too 
particular, and will take up their home in some 
popular church where liberty is granted to do 
they please, just so the heart is right. How can 
the heart be right when we do not please to do as 
the Lord has taught us in his Word ? Parents, 
let ns arouse to look more closely after the salva- 
tion of the souls of our children and not so much 
for the interests of earth. 

Some parents seem to pride themselves that 
their children all have a good farm, but have very 
little to say about the sad thought that their chil- 
dren are not in the church. 

From Eagle Creek we came to the Green 
Springs churoh, Ohio, where we are now in the 
midst of a series of meetings. So far, nine ser- 
mons have been delivered here, with good interest 
and fair attendance, considering the very cold 
weather. It seems to me when the mercury is 
twelve degrees below zero, it is harder to warm 
up the congregation. People talk more about the 
cold weather than about Christ, My asthma 

preached every night but one, and most of the 
days for nearly seven weeks. If God helps the 
afflicted to do so much, what could the well ones 
do, if they had the will? 

I expect to be at home by Jan. 21, to attend our 
council- meeting on that date, and also to be pres- 
ent at a series of meetings, to commence at the 
Donnel's Creek church on the evening of Jan. 21. 
Bro. Noah Fisher, of Mexico, Ind., is expeoted to 
do the preaching. Feb. 25, J. H. Miller, of Indi- 
ana, is expected to commence a series of meetings 
in the new church in New Carlisle. May we have 
profitable meetings! Henby Fbantz. 

Jan. 10. 

Ministerial Meeting. 

The Ministerial Meeting of the First District 
of Virginia was held at Cave Sprint;, Boanoke 
congregation, Va, Dec. 28 and 29. Eld. Jonas 
Grabill was chosen Moderator, and the writer, 

The object of the meeting was briefly stated by 
Eld. Grabill, followed by discussing, 

1. " How can we ImpresB Individual Responsi- 
bility on Members of the Church?" 

2. " The Daty of the Church to her Ministers." 

3. " What is the Prayer-Covering, and the Sig- 
nification of it? " 

This dosed the work of the first day. The sec- 
ond day the following questions were diecusBed: 

4. " The Duty of Ministers to the Church." 

5. " How can we best Win our Children t:> the 

6. " Churoh Government." 

7. "The Best Manner of Distributing the 
Brethren's Literature." 

The meeting throughout was one of interest. 
The questions were well discussed, and to the 
general satisfaction of all present. The weather 
being quite cold, the crowd was not so large, but 
it was time spent in a way well worth the saori- 
fice made in riding through the oold. I believt 
the enjoyment among all present was such as to 
cause a strong desire for another meeting of the 
kind this year. Why not meet and consider such 
questions as are of vital interest to our congrega- 
tions, and thereby bring about a closer relation 
between ns, and especially the ministers and lay 
members? All can and will feel a deep interest, 
if the meeting is conducted with the interest of 
the church in view. P. S. Millee. 

Prom the Idaho Mission Field. 

In the last number of the Messenger, an arti- 
cle from Bro. J. K. Gish, on the missionary ques- 
tion, has the right ring. I am glad that the mis- 
sion spirit, the spirit of Christ, is warming up the 
hearts of many in our Brotherhood. Many feel 
the importance of fulfilling the command, which 
18 as strong as the power of language and the au- 
thority of the Blessed Master could make it, " Go 
ye therefore and teach all nations." 

Some have expressed a desire to go to foreign 
lands. This is all right, bnt then I am led to 
wonder whether the work is finished in our coun- 
try. Bro. Gish refers to the broad field in the 
South. In a number of those States are no organ, 
ized churches. The mission spirit says, " Go 
down and possess this goodly land; set up the 
banner of the cross all over the great Southern 
field." If that will not suit, come to Idaho and 
Washington. This is a great western field. I 
will promise to help Iooate all who will come. 
There are many good points in this great field 
where good work oan be done for Christ. But 
none need oome unless they are in sympathy with 
the- Gospel and our Brotherhood, The Good 
L.!>rd has rip iw for tho?? not' S'wng in tli* ffii'h, 

and iu the government of his church. Who will 
oome? When we have gained our own America 
for Christ, or if the work is fairly under way, so 
that some faithful ones can be spared for foreign 
fields, then let them ones say, "Here am I; send 
mel " Sidney Hodgden. 

Moscow, Idaho. 

From Keuka, Florida. 

I am now engaged in a series of meetings in the 
Brethren's ohurch in the pleasant little town of 
Keuka, — a place, not of many springs, but of 
many lakes, and hence much water. On viewing 
the beauties of nature, we can but contrast the dif- 
ference between that which was seen at Mt. Mor- 
ris, 111 , Jan. 11, and what may now be seen here Jan. 
15. There the snow was coming down thick and 
fast, when we left that point. Here we behold 
the peach-tree in bloom. But here as there, evi- 
dences show that these things are not that way by 
chance. The one who is permitted to witness 
these things, as represented above, is made to 
think, Is it a dream, or a reality ? But when we 
apply all our senses, the verdict is rendered, It is 
not a dream. Keuka, Florida, will be my address 
till notice of change is given. More anon. 

A. Hutchison. 

Sudden Death of Dr. J. W. Early, of Mt. Clinton, 
Bockingham Co., Va, 

The community was much shocked when it was 
announced that Dr. J. W. Early, son of Noah 
Early, of Augusta Co., Va, and brother to H. 0. 
Early, of Meyerhoeffer's Store, Va, dropped dead 
on the evening of Dec, 17, at about eight o'clock, 
after riding nearly all day, visiting a number of 
patients and appearing to be in his usual health. 
He was in the act of brushing the mud from his 
boots, at the door of a patient's house, when the 
fatal isBue came. He sank forward on his face, 
and was no more. 

Dec. 19, his remains were peacefully laid away 
in the presence of a large and sad congregation iu 
the Pleasant Valley church-yard, Augusta Coun- 
ty, near his old home. He leaveB a young widow, 
and four little children, an aged father and moth- 
er, and a number of near relatives and friends to 
mourn his untimely death and their loss. His 
age was thirty-six years and seven days. 

0. P. Harshbaroeb. 

From the Sugar Bidge Church, Hancock Co., Ohio. 

Bbo. Jacob Witmobe, of Centre View, Mo., 
came to us Dec. 17, and preached for us till Jan. 
1. In all he delivered twenty-six sermons. All 
were full of Gospel instruction. The members 
were faithfully admonished, and sincere were 
made to think seriously. Bro. Witmore's health 
leaves much to be desired; we pray that the Lord 
will restore him to full vigor, so he may be per- 
mitted to labor for many years yet. Sister Wit- 
more addressed the children on the forenoon of 
Christmas Day. At this writing the snow is elev- 
en incheB deep, and the temperature twelve de- 
grees below zero. 

Nov. 19, Bro 8. W. Hoover, of Dayton, Ohio, 
came to this place and preached one sermon. 
Next day the new metting-honee was dedicated. 
The new honae is in the northern part of the dis- 
trict. It is known as the Maple Grove church. 
D. W. 0. Kac. 

McOomb, Ohio, Jan. 11 

From Conestoga, Lancaster Co,, Pa, 

A series of meetings was begun at the Earl, 
ville meeting-house, oommonly known as 0«p?n« 
tflj'j nhtirch, nn rVmnlav nvntilnR, Ovfli Si 



Jan. 31, 

Bro. A. 8. Hottensteiu, o£ the Moantville con- 
gregation, preached in the English language, and 
Bro. Christian Brnbaker, of West Coneetoga, in 
the German language. They labored with ns (or 
abont a week, and after they left, Bro. George 
Bncher, of Lebanon County, continued the servic- 
es almost a week loDger. Two precious souls 
were made willing to step out on the Lord's side. 

Onr churoh met in qnarterly connoil Jan. 14. 
Among the most interesting topics considered, 
was a call for a meeting house at Spring Grove, 
where our brethren held services in a school- 
house during the past year. The interest seems 
good in that section; hence the call for a more 
roomy place of worship. 

A brother who had wandered away from Christ, 
was restored to the fold. Lizzie Myeii, 

Bareville, Pa. 

From Salem, Oregon. 

We, deaf-mutes, were made glad to see in Gos- 
pel Messenger No. 2 that there are eight deaf- 
mute members in KanBas, if we mistake not. We 
are connected with the school for deaf-mutes at 
Salem, Oregon. My wife is waitress and I am in- 
structor in the art of printing. Bro. Joseph B. 
Early, a young minister in our churob, ib a teach- 
er of the two highest grades in the school. He 
understands the sign language, and I think at 
some future time he will be able to render the 
deaf-mutes a most appreciable service in being 
their minister. 

The institutions for deaf-mutes in the United 
States are non-sectarian in their religions in- 
struction, though strictly moral and spiritual. 
Being under the control of the State, they could 
not well be otherwise. They are not properly 
called asylums, but are a part of the public school 
system. We understand that there is a move for 
mission work in this oity. Several of onr mem- 
bers are now arranging for a new church-house to 
be built within the oity limits. Salem has a good 
electric street-railway system, and abont 11,000 
inhabitants. May God bless the effort put forth 
in this cityl j AC0B d. Bboweb. 

Jan. 18. 

is the only minister, and he has two appointments. 
One of them is eleven miles away from him, on 
the east side of the river, and at a good point. I 
met with the Brethren at this place Dec. 18, and I 
truly think that they are very anxious to hear the 
Brethren's doctrine. This would be a good place 
for a minister. The land is good and the people 
are kind. 

The meeting-house is three miles from Bro. 
Seibert's, and he feels as though the labors were 
too much for him, if left alone. The members 
are in good oheer, but as they live somewhat scat- 
tered, work in that section is rendered more diffi- 
cult than elsewhere. This was only a mission 
point a few years ago. Now they number over 
forty members. F. M. Wheeled. 

Jan. 17. 

Notes from Our Correspondents. 

From Somerset, Ind. 

Jan. 4, 1893, we began a series of meetings and 
continued until Jan. 17. Bro. George L. Stude- 
baker did the preaching. We had Bro. I. N. Gib- 
son with us a part of the time, and he delivered 
f one sermon. The meetings were a grand success 
and we had a good attendance and good order. 
As an immediate result seven were baptized on 
Sunday, Jan. 15, while the mercury remained at 
fifteen degrees below zero, and two were reclaimed 
from the Progressives-all heads of families but 
one. One who had wandered away from the 
church eleven years ago, and who had been asso- 
ciated with the Christian churoh, rose to his feet 
in the presence of the audience, and said that he 
had sought consolation elsewhere, but found none. 
He promised to do like the prodigal— to return 
home. The brethren and sisters rejoice to see 
the wanderers come home. S. M. Aekekman. 

From Eockton, Marshall Co., Iowa. 

Deo. 17 Bro. J. H Cakerice and the writer 
commenced a series of meetings at the Oak Grove 
ohurch in Johnson County, Iowa. We had very 
good meetings, with the best of attention and a 
growing interest, but on acoount of other arrange- 
mento we had to close the meetings too soon. 
One dear sister made the good choioe and came 
out on the Lord's side. We were made to feel 
that there were several others almost persuaded. 

Here is a good field for some minister who is we had a good meeting 
-i..roi,H„f,,,ng,„ s his location, as Bro. Seibert Jos. 4. Sell, Jan IB 

Hay Hill, Okie.— Oar series of meetings closed 
Jan. 13. Bro. John Calvin Bright did the 
preaching, giving us about twenty-two earnest, 
practical sermons. Bro. John's mild, but plain 
talk cannot fail to encourage the brethren and 
sisters, and command the esteem of all good, 
thinking people. One dear young Bister mani- 
fested a desire to walk with the people of God — 
W. Q. Calvert. 

f Covington, Ohio.— We are in the midst of a glori- 
ous series of meetings. Bro. Bennett Trout is 
laboring for us in the ministry, and, so far, we 
have had sixteen additions, and many more are 
seriously considering the great question. The 
attendance is good, and the forcible manner in 
which onr brother is presenting the Truth is hav- 
ing a telling effect upon those outside of the 
fold. — A. 8. Bosenberger, Jan. S3. 

Mexico, Ind.— Our meetings closed Jan. 15 with 
two additions by baptism. The weather being 
very cold most of the time, our congregations 
were rather small, bnt the members were much 
built up in the Christian cause, and sinners were 
warned to flee the wrath to come. The meetings 
were conducted by Eld. J. H. Wright, of Ogan's 
Creek, Ind. He preached twenty-five soul-oheer- 
ing sermons.— J. M. Beplogle, Jan. 17. 

Walnut Level Church, Ind. — We closed a two 
weeks' series of meetings here last night. The 
congregations were not so large, owing to the 
very cold weather, but the interest was very 
good. None were added to the church, yet we 
have reason to believe that much good was done. 
Some seemed to be not far from the kingdom. 
Eld. Dorsey Hodgden, from Huntington, did 
most of the preachiDg.— Samuel Neher, Jan. 16. 

Woodberry, nd.— Three precious souls were re- 
ceived into Christ's fold by baptism, Sunday 
morning, Jan. 15. Notwithstanding the intensely 
cold weather, three young ladies went down into 
the icy stream, while many lookers-on stood in 
the deep snow on the banks, shivering with cold. 
Those baptized were attendants of our Sunday- 
school and Bible class. We started onr Bible 
class last October, and it is increasing in num- 
bers and interest— John S. Geiser. 

BcKee's Gap, Pa.— I held three meetings in the 
Mingo church, Montgomery Co., Pa., in Decem- 
ber. We had excellent meetings, bnt only four 
additions. I Btart next week to Westminster, 
Md., to stay two weeks. I then expect to spend 
some time at the Bible Term at Huntingdon. 
Bro. 0. Myers, from Huntingdon, preached for 
us about ten days, closing yesterday. The cold 
wave was against the meeting, still we felt that 
We had no additions — 

loinBtown, Pa. -Dec. 17 Bro. Geo. Kairigh 
of our home ministers, began a series of me< 
at Giffin Hill, in the Johnstown congreg 
The meetings continued two weeks, during * 
time five souls made the good confession. 
were received into the church. May the' 
faithful!— Sadie Brallier Noff singer, Jan. 11 
Booth, Kans. —An interesting series of mee 
is being held here by Eld. M. Dierdorff, of '. 
Eleven precious sonls went down into the 
water and were baptized into Christ This 
increase the responsibility of the good mo 
and fathers in Israel to kindly look after, 
and encourage the yonng lambs, that they 
not go astray— A F. Miller, Jan. 14. 

Hnntington, Ind.— Eld. Noah Fisher, of Me 
Ind., came to ns Dec. 31, and continued wit 
till Jan. 17. He preached, in all, twenty-two 
mons. The attention and order were exceed 
ly goorj. As an immediate result eleven i 
were added by baptism, and many more are 
the kingdom. Fathers and mothers were i 
to rejoice, and the church revived.— M. Hoke 
Chamborslrorg, Pa.— We had a series of meef 
in the Falling Spring meetingthouse, at 
north-east corner of the District, where there 
only a few members, and where the writer is 
ing. This was the first series of meetings we 
in this part of the distriot. Bro. D. F. Ston 
from Benevola, Md., preached fifteen soul-oh 
ing sermons. Six were baptized during the m 
inge, and more will be next Sunday. Otl 
have promised to oome soon. I think our n 
ber will be doubled before long at this plac 
Jaeoo G. Zug, Jan. 17. 

Daple Grove, Kans.— Dec. 30 onr home minis 
commenced a series of meetings, which they i 
tinned until Jan. 3, when Bro. Isaac Lerew ci 
and labored earnestly till Tuesday evening, .' 
10. There were no accessions to the churoh, 
we should not think that the meetings were 
profitable. The members were strengthened, 
sinners warned to flee the wrath to come. I 
31 was our regular quarterly council. It was 
cided to build a meeting-house next summer 
the necessary funds can be procured. — AW. 
Throne, Jan. 13 

Cerro Gordo, 111.— While we have been compel 
of late, to pass through a fiery furnace, yet 
came ont as did the Hebrew children. With 
sorrows and troubles we also have our rejoioi 
Yesterday, at our regular services, a dear eie 
who had wandered away from the fold, made 
return, which caused joy among God's childr 
Several have been received by letter of 1< 
Yesterday morning was the coldest for years 
eighteen degrees below zero. We have, in i 
last few days, enjoyed visits from brethren D: 
iel Vaniman, Solomon Bliokenstsff and Jo 
Harshbarger. They gave us some good Gos; 
sermons.— Wm. Landis, Jan. 16. 

Plum Grove and Lone Star, Kans.— We are expe 
ing a series of meetings to begin Feb. 10, a 
continue abont two weeks. We would be pleat 
to see as many of the members from other e< 
gregations as possible. It has only been abc 
two years since the Brethren began holding me 
ings at this place. Daring that time ten ha 
been received into the church by baptism. Tl 
makes us feel encouraged to press onward. B 
Geo. E. Studebaker, of McPherson, can be wi 
ns every four weeks only, bnt he has alwa 
faithfully discharged his duty. He held a t\ 
weeks' series of meetings at this place in Novei 
ber, assisted by Bro. Geo. Strycker, from the Pe 
body congregation. Our series of meetings w 
be conducted by Bro Bose and Bro. Eaoi 
Eby.— Sarah Thomas, Jan, 16, 

Jan. 31, 1893 



St. Joseph, Bo. — By request of the Mission 
Board, we have returned to this city, to work in 
the Master's vineyard. Last night was onr first 
meeting since onr return. One dear sonl made 
application to be baptized next Sunday. We 
think there will be more soon. Although the 
congregations are small, yet the interest is very 
good. — Wm. C. Hipea, Jan. 18. 

Burr Oak, Ind. — Bro. John Stafford, of Bnrket, 
Ind., came to the Salem meeting-house Dec. 31, 
and preached nine discourses to crowded houses, 
with good interest and attention. The weather 
became so inclement that we had to close. Bro. 
Stafford preached in all twelve sermons, one of 
them in a private house in the village of Burr 
Oak. Some were almost persuaded. Our dear 
brother promised to come back and preach for us 
again when the weather gets warmer. — Joseph 
Burns, Jan. 17. 

Lordsburg, Gal. — We have reoently opened up 
another point for preaching, at West Rialto, San 
Bernardino County. I just returned from our sec- 
ond appointment there. Two members are liv- 
ing at that point, and much interest is taken in 
the old doctrine preached. The members living 
at Fortuna, Oal., are over five hundred mileB 
north of us. It is a good country, and there are 
cheap lands at that point We hope some good, 
energetic minister will move in. Correspond 
with sister Sadie Hays or sister Martha Boon. — 
J. 3. Flory, Jan. 16. 

Sidney, Ind. — I commenced a serieB of meetings at 
the East house in the Eal River church, KoBcius- 
ko Co., Ind, Jan. 6, and cloBed laBt night, Jan. 19, 
with a full house and the best of interest. As an 
immediate result four precious souls were added 
to the church by baptism, and others, seemingly, 
are near the kingdom. This church is presided 
over by Eld. Samuel Leckrone, who has a fatherly 
care over them. To-night I begin a series of 
meetings in the Primrose church, Williams Co. 
Ohio; I ask the prayerB of God's children in be- 
half of all our meetings. — Daniel Snell. 

Ridge Church. Fa.— Dec. 31 Eld. E. D. Book, 
from Perry County, Pa., came to the Bidge con- 
gregation to. hold a series of meetings, commenc- 
ing the same evening at the Ridge church. At 
first the meetings were not well attended, on ac- 
count of bad roads and wet weather. Afterwards 
the attendance increased nntil Sunday evening, 
when the house was quite full. Jan. 9 we com- 
menced a series of meetings in Shippensburg, 
where the Brethren had never preached more 
than four times before. The meetings were fair- 
ly attended, with the best of attention to the 
Word preached. Eld. Book ably held forth the 
Word of Truth in its primitive purity. He de- 
livered twenty sermons, including one funeral 
sermon. — J. R. Fogelsanger, Jan. 18. 

Pierce, Ohio. — We are putting forth every possi- 
ble effort to advance the cause of Ohriet, and save 
sinners. Sept. 24 we held our Communion meet- 
ing, which was largely attended, and certainly 
enjoyed by all. We had the pleasure of seeing 
two more decide to serve God. They were add- 
ed to the church by baptism. On the evening 
of Deo. 24 we commenced a aeries of meetings at 
the Zion house, and oontinued for two weeks 
One more decided to follow Christ and was bap- 
tized. We then held one week's series of meet- 
ings at the Eden house. On account of cold and 
stormy weather we closed after one week's efforts. 
Considering the inclemency of the weather, the 
attendance was good, and the attention excellent. 
Eld. F. B. Weimer, of Sterling, Ohio, did the 
preaching. He certainly presented the Truth in 
a very plain and convincing manner. — Reuben 

Address Changed.— We are now in Mount MorriB, 
where we expect to reside for awhile, at least. 
Correspondents will please take notice that our 
address is changed from Ashland, Nebr., to Mt 
Morris, 111.— Geo. E. Whisler, Jan. 3. 

Long Branch, Do.— Bro. William Hipes came 
among us and held a series of meetings. We 
had good meetings and good attention. He had 
in all sixteen meetings and a conucil. He had 
many invitations to come again. This morning, 
Jan. 16, he cloaed with a full house. — Susan 

North Manchester, Ind. — This church is enjoying 
love, union and fellowship. Oar territory is not 
large, but numerically we are strong. We num- 
ber about four hundred members. Two more 
were received by baptism since Bro. J. G. Royer 
closed the series of meetings in the town of North 
Manchester, making, in all, since Dec. 11, twenty- 
three accessions. — D. C. Cripe. 

Falling Spring, Pa.— Bro. D. F. Stouffer, of Bene, 
vols, Washington Co., Md., came to us Dec. 31, at 
the Falling Spring church-house, and preached 
fourteen heart-searohing sermons, which resulted 
in seven additions by baptism. ThiB is the 
ond series of meetings, held in this congregation 
this winter. We have had some forty additions 
by baptism since the latter part of November. 
Let the Lord have all the praise! We have seen 
our dark days, but the silver lining is breaking 
through. — W. C. Koonlz, Jan. 19. 

Solomon's Creek, Ind.— Oar series of meetings, at 
Syracuse, closed on the eveDing of Jan. 12. Bro. 
I. J. Roaenberger, of Covington, Ohio, did the 
preaching. With few exceptions, the weather 
was good, and the sleighing excellent, conse- 
quently the house was filled at night by eager 
listeners. Bro. Isaac preached thirty-four ser- 
mons, and gave us many good thoughts. The 
members at Syracuse and vicinity are muoh en- 
couraged, while sinners were warned to flee the 
wrath to come. As an immediate result four 
were received into the church by baptism, and 
there is one more applicant.— L. A. Neff, Jan. 15. 

Sngar Ridge Church, Ohio.— Nov. 20 was the day 
set for the dedication of our new house of wor- 
ship in Wood County. Bro. S. W. Hoover, of 
Dayton, Ohio, being invited to deliver the dedi- 
catory sermon, did so to the satisfaction of all. 
Onr protracted meeting commenced Dec. 15. 
Bro. Jacob Witmore, of Missouri, coming to our 
assistance Nov. 17, the labors were continued un- 
til Jan. 1. There were delivered, in all, twenty- 
eight sermons. Bro. Jacob is a fearlees defender 
of the Gospel There were no accessions, but 
many good impressions were made. After onr 
meetings closed, we Btarted a Bible claee, which 
is proving very interesting and profitable. — E. 
H. Rosenberger, McComb, Ohio, Jan. 13. 

Oak Shade, Ohio.— About three years ago this 
place was made a mission point of Southern 
Ohio. About sixteen souls have been added to 
the church since then, and there is a fair pros- 
peot for several more. Some exonse themBelves 
by saying there is no organization, but the elders 
of Southern Ohio talk of organizing a ohurch 
before long. One precious soul was made will- 
ing, during onr visit, Jan. 8, to go with us. She 
is to be baptized the first Sunday in February. 
This is a good place to work. Though there is 
no church-house near, and no ministers, we hold 
meetings in a private house by a large fire-place. 
Sometimes the house is filled to its utmost ca- 
pacity. At many places in our Brotherhood 
there are sometimes four to six ministers at one 
meeting, but at many places like this, there are 
none. Still these members often meet together 
to Bing and pray.— J. D. Sandy, Jan, 8. 

flreen Springs, Ohio. — The meetings here are"^ 
growing in interest. Three were baptized yes- 
terday, though the snow was fifteen inches deep, 
meroury 12 degrees below zero, and the ice had 
to be cut in the stream. When the heart ia 
warmed with the Gospel, ice and snow will do no J 
harm. — Henry Franiz, Jan. 1G. 

Rossvllle, Ind. — Eld. Isaac Cripe, of Owasco, 
Ind., is very sorely srllioted. He has been con- 
fined to his room, and nearly all the time to his 
bed, for over eighty days. His sufferings are 
very great at times, when not under the influence 
of medioine. We feel like asking the brethren 
and sisters every-where to remember him at a 
Throne of Grace.— D. A. Hvfford, Jan. 19. 

Locust Orove Church, Ind.— We closed a series of 
meetings last evening. Bro. J. 0. Murray, of 
Nappanee, Ind., oame to ne Dec. 29. He 
preached twenty-eight sermons. On account of 
the inclemency of the weather, the attendance 
waB not large, but sainfs were enoouraged, and 
sinners were made to feel their unsafe condition 
without a Savior. Bro. Murray is an earnest 
worker for the cause. — Charles W. Miller, 
Jan 16. 

Onion, Ohio.— The general health in the Salem 
ohurch is not sb good as desirable. Several 
days ago, our dear brother HesBong, who thought 
that bis fitne on earth was near at hand, called 
for Eld. Jesse Kinsey and the writer to anoint 
him "in the name of the Lord." We purpose 
holding a series of meetings at onr Arlington 
house next month. We had services at our cen- 
tral house to-day. We have good sleighing, and 
the thermometer indicates about 20 degree* be- 
low zero, which is colder than for a good many 
years — Jesse K. Brumbaugh, Jan. l. r >. 

Ht. Hope, Ok. Ter. -In company with Bro. G. W. 
Landis and others, we drove west and north from 
the Mt. Hope churoh, eighteen miles, to a point 
where a few iBolated members are living. Jan. 7 
we returned home, leaving Bro. Landis to con- 
tinue the meetings. Bro. Landis returned to- 
day, Jan. 19, and reportB good meetings, with a 
full house, and the promise, on his return, for 
several to come out on the Lord's side. We have 
been greatly blessed by different brethren pasB- 
ing through, and breaking to us the Bread of 
Life, viz., brethren Austin, J. H. Bradley, and J. 
H. Neher. Werxtend an invitation to the dear 
brethren and sisters, traveling through this ter- 
ritory, to call on the Mt. Hope church. — A. J. 
Feebler, Cresc-ni, Ok. Ter., Jan. 19. 

Kearney Nebr. — Yesterday we baptized six souls 
in the Wood River church. We had one more 
applicant last nigbt, and there are excellent in- 
dications that there will be "more to follow," I 
have been here a little over two weeks. The peo- 
ple here are anxious for the Truth. Formerly I 
would stay about ten days or two weeks at one 
place; then go to another. It takes about that 
length of time to get the people warmed np. 
Now I stay at a place till I am through, if it 
takes a month. I find it a more successful way. 
( Jan 20. ) Lateb.— Yesterday we led five more in- 
to the liquid atream to put on Christ in baptism. 
The weather is very fine in Nebraska. Not a 
particle of snow here. Roads are dusty and lev- 
el, and the weather is warm. Yesterday many 
could not gain admittance into the house, but it 
being warm, they stood without and heard the 
Word. In the evening at 6: 30 the young people 
filled the room and for one hour we had an in- 
teresting social meeting. At 7:30, the hour for 
preaching, there was no more standing room. 
On the frontier is an excellent field in which to 
sow the seed, but the sowers are few. May the 
Lord send more laborers I— J. E. Young, Jan. 23, 


Jan. 31, 18 


SILVERTHORN— BRUMBAUGH.— At the residence 
of the bride's parents, Dr. A. B. Brumbaugh, Dec. 28, 1892, 
by H. B. Brumbaugh, Alfred P. Silverthom, of Orblsonla, 
Pa., and Cora A. Brumbaugh. 

-At the residence of the bride'i 
mdolph Co., Ind., Dec. 31, 1892 
Mr. Ira Sparks, of Hagerstown 
Ida E. Teeter. 

parents, near Losantville, H 
by. Eld. Abraham Bowman 
Ind., and Miss Bell Melzge 

WERKING-WALTZ.— At the residence of Eld. X-cwU 
W. Teeter, in Hagerstown, Ind., Jan. t, 1893, Mr. Charles 
Werklng and Miss Ella Wallz. Ida E. Teeter. 

HATCHER— PARTCH.— At the home of the bride, Jan. 
12, 1893, by Albert Titus, friend W. H. Hatcher and sister El- 
len Partch, both of Davenport, Nebr. 

MILLER— HEIKES.— At the home of the bride's parents, 
Morrill, Kans., Dec. 28, 1S92, Mr. Samuel Miller, of Sever- 
ance, and Miss Mary Heikes, of Morrill. 
f ZUG— REISEN.— At the home of the undersigned, Jan. I, 
B. 4 1893, Bro. Chas Zug and sister Amanda Reistn, of Sabetha, 

*»*■ "H W„. Dav.s. 

NOLAN-KOUSE.-At the tome of the groom, Jan. S , 
1<~ tj V )o- 1893. by tlie und, r.-lgnid, Mr. L. C. Nolan and Miss Annie 
,!la.-V N~ M. Fouse, both of York Countv, Nebr. D. B. Hiiny. 

.a^eUw/; FREDERICK — DETWILER.— At the home of the 
bride's parents, by the undesigned, Bro. Levi Frederick and 
<V V^H'.alster Mary Ann Dawiler. JOHN B. R 


>, HAUGHTEL1N-TAYLOR.— In the Brethren church, 
Whlrc.ville, Mo, Dec. 25, 1891, by Eld. C. H. Brown, of 
Mound City, Mo, Bro. J. Alpha Haughtelln, of Panora, 
Guthrie Co., Iowa, and Miss Maggie E. Taylor, of Whltes- 
vllle, Andrew Co., Mo. 

R1DDLESBARGER— HICKEY.— At the same place, 
Dec. 25, ]892, Bro. Albert E. Rlddlesbarger, of Scandia, Re- 
public Co , Kans., and Miss Lina Hlckcy, of Whitesvllle, An 
drew Co., Mo. Lydia E. Taylor. 

LAI1MAN— SPINDER.— At the home of the bride's par- 
ents, Albion, Iowa, Dec. 2S, 1S412, Mr. Alfred C. Lahman, of 
Fairfield, Nebr, and Miss Inez Splndler, of Albion, Iowa. 
J. B. Wortz 

HALL.— In the town of New Sharon, Mahaska Co., Iowa, 
Jan. 6, 1893, sister Nancy, wife of Bro Joseph Hal], aged 82 
years, 3 months ar.d 6 days. They lived together as husband 
and wife neatly 57 years and have teen members of the 
church for fifty-three years. They were the first members to 
settle in Poweshiek County, Iowa, about forty-seven years 
ago. Six months before her death they moved to the town of 
New Sharon. Her husband and seven children survive. At 
her request, her funeral was preached by the writer, assisted 
by Eld. John Gable. H.R.Taylor. 

DILLING— In the Montlcello church, White Co., Ind., 
Jan. 13, 1893, of whooping cough and lung fever, George 
Dllllng, son of Bro. David and sister Emma Dllllng, aged 6 
months and 5 days. Funeral services by Bro. L. M. Hahn. 
A. R. Bridge. 

SNYDER. — In the Logan congregation, Logan Co., Ohio, 
Jan. 8, 1893, John Snyder, aged 74 years, 2 months and 20 
days. Father Snyder was born in Hardy County, W. Va., 
emigrated to Logan County, Ohio, in 1852. He was married 
to Barbara Detrlck, June t, 1842. Brother and sister Snyder 
united with the church In June, 1865. Funeral services by 
the writer from Job 14: 1, 2, and latter clause of Prov. 14: 32. 
S. W. HoovaR. 

BRICKER — In the bounds of the Mohawk Valley con 
gregatlon, Oregon, Dec. 23, 1892, Franklin, youngest son o 
friend Biicker. On the day of his death, De:. 22, he left 
home In the vigor of manhood, to hun: In the neighboring 
hills. Apparently he got lost and quite bewildered, and be- 
fore the dawning of a new day his body was a corpse, 
neral services were postponed. Jacob Bah 

Fallen Asleep. 

Funeral > 

McDONOUGH.-Near Lacey, Iowa, Dec 16, 1S92, Irena 
: daughter of friend R. B. and M. E. McDor.ough, 
■ in the Brethren church by 
S P. Miller. 

BRINEY.-Near Lacey, Iowa, Jan. 3, 1893, son of friend 
D. Brlney, aged 4 years, 3 months and 18 daj s. 
vices in the Brethren church by the writer. 

S. P. Miller. 
BARNCORD.-At the residence of her aunt, In Shady 
Grove, Pa , Dec. 26, 1892, of consumption, sister Emma R. 
Barncord, aged 16 years, 4 months and I7days. A few weeks 
before her death she called for the elders and was anointed. 
She was laid to rest at Broadfording, Md., of which congrega- 
tion she was a member, and by the side of her mother, who 
preceded her to the spirit world about three months. Servic- 
es by Eld. N. Martin, from Ecc. 12: 1. 

Anna E. Neibert. 

ERB— In the Pipe Creek church, Carroll Co., Md.,Jan. 2, 

1S93, Bro. George Erb, aged 76 years, 5 months and 17 days. 

He leaves two sons and one daughter. Funeral occasion im- 

proved by Eld. E. W. Stoner and others, from Jer. 12:5. 

t of the Lord, inquiring for the 

tin. E. W. Stoner. 

1 faithful 

Bro. Erb 

good old way and walking thi 

WIMER.— Near Ashland, Ore., Jan. 2, 1S93, Bro. John 
Wlmer, aged 57 years, 7 months and 3 days. Funeral servic- 
es by Bro. David Brower from 1 Thess. 4: 13, at his home. 
He was burled In Aihland cemetery by the side of his father. 
Bro. John was a deacon in the church since 1879. 

Susan M. Rhodes. 

SLIFER._At Broad Run, Frederick Co., Md., Dec. 30, 
1892, of typhoid fever, Bro. John M. Sllfer, aged 42 years and 
1 1 day s. Bro. Sllfer was a member of the Brethren for about 
six years. He was always ready and willing to contribute to 
every good cause. He leave, a sorrowing widow and five 
children. Funeral .e> vices by Eld Ell Youitee,a.slsted by 
D. Ausherman, from Job 1:21 Geo. W. Kartzel 

FUNK.- In the Black River church, Van Buren Co, 
Mich , Jan. 2, 1893. sister Christina Funk, aged 69 years. Fu- 
neral services by David Thomas and the writer. 

A. B. Wai lick. 

KYLE.— In the Maumee church, Defiance Co., Ohio, Dec 
10, 1892, sister Kyle, aged 74 years, 7 months and 23 days. 
She was a member of the Brethren church for over forty 
years. She leaves an aged companion, five sons and two 
daughters. Funeral services by the writer. 

David Cover. 

ASQUITH— In the Sheldon church, Iowa, Jan. 8, 1893, 
Bro. Charles Atqullh, aged 69 years, 7 months and 22 days. 
He was a minister In the second degree, and much loved by 
all who knew him. He emigrated from England to America 
in 1856, located at Johnstown, Pa., and then at Walerloo, 
Iowa, where he became a member of the Brethren church. 
He left one son and one daughter; also one brother and one 
sister In the flesh. Text, 2 Tim 4: 7. The funeral sermon 
was p eached fo a large congregation in the Congregational 
church in Primgar, Iowa, by elders J. Early and the writer. 


1 Me 

REPLOGLE.— In the Yellow Creek church, Pa., Oct. 3., 

1891, Sadie, daughter of Bro. Joseph and sister Emma Rep- 
logleXaged 8 years and 3 days. Funeral services by the 
Brethren. Barsvra Ho, singer. 

REPLOGLE.— In the Yellow Creek church, Pa, Dec. 27, 

1892, sister Catharine, wife of Bro. Henry Replogle, aged 60 
years, S months and 20 days. She leaves a husband and five 
children. Funeral services by Bro. Brlce Sell, assisted by the 
brethren. Barbara Holsucgbr. 

HENSON.— At Teegarden, Marshall Co, Ind., Jan. 11, 

1893, Rebecca Henson, wife of Andrew Henson, aged 36 
years, 10 months and 30 days. She made no profession. She 
leaves a husband and three children. Funeral services by J 
Hilderbrand. Clara Hilderbrand. 

BUTTERBAUGH.— Near Lanark, 111, Jan. i, 1893, oi 
cancer, Catharine, wife of Bro. Isaac Butterbaugh, aged 57 
years, 7 months and 3 days. The deceased was born In 
Shenandoah County, Va., May 28, 1835. She married Bro. 
Isaac Butterbaugh Feb. 5, 1832. She was a member of the 
German Reformed church. Funeral services were held at 
the family residence by the undersigned, after which the body 
was taken to Leaf River and interred in the burying ground 
at Silver Creek. p. r. Wrightsman 

THOMPSON— In the Buffalo Valley church, Union Co., 
Pa., Dec. 30, 1892, sister Clarissa, wife of Jesse Thompson, 
aged 86 years, 5 months and 29 days. 

THOMPSON.-In the Buffalo Valley church, Union Co., 
Pa., Jan. 2, 1893, Jesse Thompson, husband of the above, aged 
80 years, 8 months and 1 day. Funeral aervices by the writer. 
J. L. Beaver. 

DORFLINGER.-In the Salem church, Frederick Co., 

Va., Jan. 2, 1893, Bro. Charles Wesley Dorflinger, aged 69 

years, 4 months and 2 days. He was the father of eleven 

children. Funeral services by W. Splggle and the writer. " 

Daniel Baker. 

NEDROW.— In the Jacob's Creek congregation, West- 
moreland Co., Pa, Ellen Nedrow, infant daughter of Bro. 
Daniel M. and sister Sadie Nedrow, aged 11 months and 25 
days. Funeral occasion improved by Bro. F. F. Murray from 
* Cor. i S , last five verses, in the Mt. Joy church. 

MAHUGH.— In the Shoal Creek church, Mo., Nov 
1892, Mary Magdalene, daughter of Bro. George and s 
Hester Mahugh, aged 2 weeks and 2 days. Services < 
ducted at the house of Bro. Lee Harader. 

Perthenia Earl 

MOOR.— In the Maple Grove congregation, Ashl 
Ohio, Jan. 2, 1893, Edna Lela, daughter of friend J. P. 
sister Cella Moor, aged 5 years, 1 month and 17 days. E 
was sick only four days with scarlet fever. Services at 
Maple Grove church by D. N. Workman from Matt. 18: 
A.J. Myer 

BONSACK.— In the Meadow Branch church, Carroll 

Md, Jan. 7, 1893, David D.Bonsack, aged 52 years, 11 moi 

and 16 days. Funeral services by the writer from Ps. 13! 

T. J. Koli 

GILBERT.— Near New Paris, Elkhart Co, Ind., In 
Union Center congregation, Dec. 7, 1892, sister Elizabeth 1 
bert, aged 76 years, 7 months and 7 days. She came to 
church at the age of fifteen years. Funeral services by 1 
Hiram Forney. L. a. Nefi 

GROSSNICKLE— Near Mapleville, Washington Com 
Md , Jan. 5, 1893, of capillary bronchitis, Grace Helen, dau 
ter of Joseph D. and Emma A. Grossnlckle, a»ed 7 mon 
aid 28 days. Funeral services conducted by Eld. A. 
Barnhart and S. M. Foltz. 

HICKEY.— In the Whltesville church, Andrew Co., ft 
Dec. 24, 1892, Robert Leon, son of friend Wallace and si» 
Annettie Hlckey, aged 3 months and 18 days. "Budded 
earth to bloom In heaven." Lydia E. Taylor 

BROWN.— Jan. 5, 1893, of consumption, friend John 
Brown, aged 35 years, 9 months and 2 days. Funeral sen 
es conducted by Bro. John Bonewltz. Thomas Barklow 

AUVIL.— In the Shiloh congregation, Barbour Co., 
Va., Dec. 30, 1892, Eld. C. Auvll. He went to Buffalo, 
Y., fc r medical treatment, and died there. His remains w 
brought home Jan. 3, 1893, and interred In the Shiloh cer 
ter y- Levi Poling 

BALSBAUGH.— Dec. 29, 1892, Bro. John C. Balsbau, 
aged 77 years, 3 months and 28 days. He was given to mo 
er earth on New Year's Day. His wife was laid In the n 
row house exactly four months previous. He was homes: 
for the higher household. His brother Daniel, an Old On 
bishop, of Indiana, preceded him twenty-four days. 1 
George Balsbaugh, of Forreston, 111., was here on a visit 
the time, and attended the obsequies. That dear, sainted 
Iher has many unanswered prayers for his family laid up 
the Great High-priest's Golden Censer. May they all mi 
in glory 1 He was a zealous and esteemed member of the I 
Swatara church, Dauphin Co., Pa. Funeral text, Psalms 
Officiating ministers: Eld. Samuel R. Zug, brethren Jacob 
Longenecker and Adam Shope. The necrology of earth 
the epiphany of heaven. C. H. Balsbaugh. 

MATTHEWS.— In the bounds of the Falrvlew churt 
Appanoose Co., Iowa, Dec. 23, 1892, Clara May Matthev 
wife of F. M. Matthews, aged 21 years and 1 month. S 
leaves a sorrowing husband and three little children. Funi 
al services by S. B. Downing to a large concourse of symr 
thizing friends. w. H. Leavell. 

The Gospel JVIessengen 

Is the recognized organ of the German Baptist or Brethren's churc 
and advocates the form of doctrine taught in the New Testament a> 
pleads lor a return to apostolic and primitive Christianity. 

It recognizes the New Testament as the only Infallible rule of faith ai 
practice, and maintains that-Faith toward God, Repentance from de 
and mind, baptism by Trine Immersli 
:ptionofthe Holy Ghost by t 

11 til li.mJs, , 

3 of adoption into the household of God— t: 

It also maintains tha 
tmple and commando 

That the Lord's Su; 
erved by the apostles 

1 with the Communion, should be taken 

:-washing, as taught In John 13, both by 
}, should be observed in the church. 
Instituted by Christ and as universally 
early Christians, is a full meal, and, 
the evening 


Kiss of Charity, Is bindlr 
i the spirit and self-denyir 

the close of the day. 

That the Salutation oi the Holy Kiss, i 
upon the followers of Christ. 

That War and Retaliation arc contrary 
principles of the religion of Jesus Christ. 

That the principle of Plain Dressing and of Non-conformity to tt 
world, as taught in the New Testament, should be observed by the fo 
lowers of Christ. 

That the Scriptural duty of Anointing the Sick with Oil, In I 
of the Lord, James 5: 14, is binding upon all Christians. 

It also advocates the church's duty ti 
Work, thus giving to the Lord for the s< 

1 Nam 

In s 

that Christ and the apostles have ei 
joined upon us, and alms, amid the conflicting theories and discords c 
modern Christendom, to point out ground that all must concede to be Ir 

The above principles of our Fraternity are Bet fort 

r Brethren*! Envelopes." Ute theml Price 15 cent 

per ptQluffe; 40 cento per hundred. 

^ ^.f^tthoyl^U,^, v/kayfyA, Jt. V vdxy^. L^-jk^ 4 m «JL SU tL 

Jan. 31, 



lilt i pn Isch tito tueitloa. 

One time or more, fi 50 

One month (4 times) 1 30 

Three month* (ia times) 1 30 

Shtmonths (as times) 1 00 

One year (Jo times), r , 70 

No advertisement accepted lor less thai. 1 00 

Tract Work. 

List of Publications for Bale— Sent by 
Mail or Express, Prepaid. 


UoMen Gleams or Light of Life, per :opy, - $ 8 


Plain Family Bible, per copy, - - - - $t 7 

Trine Immersion, Quinter, per copy, - - is 

Life and Sermons, Quinter, per copy, - - - 11 

Europe and Bible Lands, Miller, per copy, - 1 S 1 

Close Communion, West, per copy, - - + 

Classified Minutes of Annual Meeting, per copy, t 7, 
Brethren's Tracts and Pamphlets, neatly bound in 

Half Leather, per copy, ..... f ; 

Morocco, per copy, ----- $ 7, 

Morocco, gilt-edge, per copy, ... - 8 

Arabesque, per copy, ------ ,\ 

Fine Limp, per copy, ..... 7 

Fine Limp, gilt-edge, per copy, - - - - 8 

CLASS C. (Tracts.) 

Per ico. Per copy 

Christianity, .... i S c 

The tracts in this class at 60 cents per 100, 
contain eight pages. ^ _ _ 

House We Live In, Jo 60 

Come Let Us Reason Together, ... to 

Plain Dressing, 6a 

Which is the Right Church, .... fa 

House We Live In (Swedish,) - - - - 4 c 

House We Live In (Danish,) .... 40 

Close Communion Examined, .... 40 

Modern Skepticism, 6c 

House We Live In (German,) ... - 4c 

The Prayer-Covering, 6e 

The Lord's Supper, 60 

The Bible Service of Feet-Washing, ... fa 

Communion, fa 

Are Christians Allowed to Swear? 40 

Why Am I Not a Christian? .... 30 

Christ and War, zc 

Gold and Costly Array, ae 

The Brethren's Card, - - e 

We also sell Family and Teacher's Bibles and Testa. 

Send for our catalogue untt price list.- 


Davton, Ohio. 

Any book In the market furnished atpub- 
Ishere' lowest retail price by the Brethren's 
Publishing Company, Mt. Morris, 111. Spe- 
cial prices given when books are purchased In 
quantities. When ordering books, not on 
our list, If possible give title, name of author, 
and address of publishers. 

Webster's International Dictionary. — Latest edi- 
tion. Write lor special Ion prices. 
The House We Live In,— By Daniel Vaniman. It 
gives a concise account of the faith and practice 
of the Brethren. Price, 100 copies, 60 cents. 
Teaching and Teachers. — By H. Clay Trumbull. 
Just the book for a live Sunday-school teacher. 
Cloth, *i,as.. 
Josephus' Complete Works.— Large type, 1 vol. 8vo. 
Illustrated with many steel and wood engravings. 
Library sheep, 
Close Communion.-By Landon West. Treats this 
important subject in a simple though conclusive 

the Story of the Bible. —An excellent volume lor 
old and young; will interest and instruct all those 
desiring a knowledge ol the Scriptures. Price. 


f&~The following books, Sunday-school 
supplies, etc., are for sale by the Breth- 
ren's Publishing Co., Mt. Morris, III., or 
Huntingdon, Pa., to whom all orders should 
be addressed. 

The Brethren's Quarterly. 

For Sunday-school teachers and scholars this publi- 
cation is of the greatest benefit. Look at our prices: 

Single subscription, one year, 35 cents. 

Single subscription, per quarter to cents. 

Three copies, per quarter a; cents. 

Eight copies, per quarter, 40 cents. 

Twenty copies and over 4 cents each, 

Hymn BooJcs. 

Hew Tune and Hymn Books. 

Half leather, per copy, post-paid % 75 

Morocco, per copy, post paid, 1 00 

Morocco, gilt edge, per copy, postpaid 1 25 

riyfp;: Boohs. 

Morocco, per copy, postpaid $ 75 

Morocco, gilt edge, per copy, post-paid, 8$, 

Arabesque, pet copy, post-paid, 40 

Fine Limp, per copy, postpaid 75 

Fine Limp, gilt edge, per copy, post-paid 85 

German and Engi:<0i. per copy, post-paid 75 

Sunday-School Requisites. 

The following list oi things is needed In all Sunday- 
Testaments, Flexible, red edge, per dozen |i 00 

Minute Books, each 40 

Class Books, per dozen 75 

S, S. Primers, with iiin j cn^r.ivini;^, per dozen,... 70 

New and Beautiful Sunday-School Cards. 

"The Gem," so picture cards, each with Bible 
250 Reward Tickets— verse ol Scripture— ted or 

The Young Disciple. 

ine VoUNG Disciple is a neatly printed weekly, 
published especially for the moral benefit and relig- 
ious instruction ol out young folks. 

Single copy, one year * So 

Six copies (the sixth to the agent) 2 so 

Ten copies, 4 00 

for Tbrce Moutb.3 or Thirteen Weeks. 

20 copies to one address *i 70 

30 " Sc 

40 ' " 33S 

50 " " " " 38c 

For Six Months or Twenty-Six Weeks. 

20 copies to one address, I 3 3^ 

So " " " " 75c 

100 i37! 

Our paper Is designed for the Sunday-school and the 
home circle. We desire the name ol every Sunday 

school Superintendent In the Brotherhood, and wan! 
an agent In every church. Send for sample copies. 


nd the Holy Sepuleh 
'. Ns^CotTngTon, I 

Jerusalem! Jerusalem! 


Q uart erly. 

This 1b just the Quarterly for the little 
folks. Price, Three Copies, per Quarter, so 
Cents; 6 Copies, per Quarter, 95 Cents; 10 
Capita and over, per Quarter, 3 Cents each. 

All for 55 Cents! 

The MONON ROUTE has added to IU 
already- splendid equipment, two brand new 
dining-cars, which are now In dally service on 
the fast day trains between Chicago and Lou- 

These cars are models of convenience, 
comfort, and beauty, and are operated on the 
a la carte plan, which means that a passenger 
can get anything he wants and pay only 
for what he gets. An elegant steak, with 
bread, butter, coHee or tea with creai 
served for only 55 cents. 

Watch (or the MONON'S new schedule to 

Classified Minutes of Annual Meeting-, 
with Appendix. 

Not all the members of our church have 
that perfect knowledge of our principles, that 
Is so desirable. Others there are who are 
well acquainted with the church as It exists, 
but who would like to know something of her 
past history, as regards her gradual growth 
and development. In fact, all who are Inter 
ested In the welfare of the church, that la s< 
dear to all of us, should have access to n com 
plete compilation, such as la found In th 
"Classified Minutes of Annual Meeting, 
with the appendix, containing the minuter, uj 
to the present date. We sell this work at on 
ly $1.75 for cloth binding. Be sure to send 
for a copy while the supply Is still on hand 
Those who have the old edition of the " Clas- 
sified Minutes," can have the " Appendix " In 
separate binding for 25 cents. 

James T. Quinlan, 

Shipping £ Commission Merchant 

305 S. CharleB St., Baltimore, Md. 

Eggs, Poultry, Gar 

Read this Advertisment 


I wish to state to the brethn n and s 
and all readers of the Messenger, that I feel 
thankful for past patronage In my seed trade. 
If my seeds have proven to be good to you In 
the past, I kindly atk you for future patr 
age. I plead with those that have not 
tested my seeds, to send me a small trial 
der this season. Nothing but good seeds will 
be sent, My desire Is to increase my seed 
trade. If you will send me twenty five c 
I will return to you by mail, post-paid, forty 
cents worth of set-ds of my leading varieties 
of my own selection, consisting of Cabbage 
Beans, Beets, Lettuce, etc. Send 3 our order 
now. Dj not wait till planting time! 

All those sending their order for seeds to 
the amount of fifty cents, can select from 
seed list fifty cents' worth of seeds, and 
ceive for a premium a beautiful picture of 
Christ, as he stood on Mount Olivet, looking 
down over that beautiful but sinful city, with 
tears trickling down over his cheeks, his lips 
parted as he cries, " O Jerusalem, Jerusalem." 
Size of picture, 12x18 inches, beautifully exe- 
cuted In colors. Seeds and picture sent by 
mail, postage paid. 

Those sending their order for seeds to the 
amount of $1.60 can select from my seed list 
seeds to the amount of $1.60, and receive for 
premium " Golden Gleams," which sells for 
j cents. It treats on forty different topics, 
each topic on a heavy sheet of paper, 6lze, 
3^x19 Inches. I will name several of the 
topics: Honor to God, Honor to Parents, 
Husband and Wife, Training of Children, the 
Lord's Supper, the Lord's Prayer, the Resur- 
rection, etc. Seeds and Golden Gleams sent 
by mall, postage paid. 

Send money by post-office money order, 
postal note or registered letter. Do not send 
stamps unless your post-office Is not a money 

order office. Write your full nan 
County and State plainly. 



u.-„ Wax Buth Bean.— This should bo plum 
' garden, Very curly and of the belt qu 


irtittf Stam/tt CMtVtft.— TMl Is one ofthecarli- 
good-sijed hesds and very solid. Per package, 5 

\rlyjtrtiy Waktfthl G«W, v ,-.-Thl!i Is alio very 
' and of good quality, Per pacings, 5 cents. 
'•hiimmtr CaUagt,— Good li led hends nnd sure to 
, not very early. Per package, 5 cents. 

■tf I'/.it Dm. h C>\MHts*.—\ good keeper and stands 
re drouth. Beit folUnd wlnlcr cabbage grown. Per 



ould pla 

S.-l/-l,l.,n.hiag.-\\\ love 
t thll kind. Per package, 

* of good 


Improved Chicago Pickling. -This cue 
all the good qunlltlsi, Try It Per pack 



:, Hi,; 

spinr -Light green and 

rer. Per package, 5 cents 




tf» Stwrt Cora—Urge die ears 

and ver 





B i 

Simeon £*//««.-One c 

ight green. Per package, 

5 cents 



1 ,i,].|. 


danily. Per package 

S cents. 




equires no stick*. La 









-Used for stuffing, 

cry prod 







1 eight to ten inches 

long, of 



h. Ren 


fit for table use a 

ong time 



have not given prices on seeds by weight. 

Should you want seeds by weight, write for 

best prices. I never keep feeds, remain- 

Ing unsold, over for next season. If you have 

friend that U not able to buy, send me his 

address when you order seeds, and when the 

seed season has nearly drawn to a close, I 

111 distribute among them, free of charge, 

all seeds that remain unsold. I will now 

leave It for you to decide, trusting I will have 

- new customers this season. Wishing 

you a prosperous year, I remain your brothef 

and friend, Abraham E. Weaver, 

Syracuse, Kosciusko Co., Ind, 

THE OOSJr'iil^ lYl±j,to»iirsux^.i\- 


Absolutely Pure. 

,„.».! iW 

Farm for Sale. 

A desirable property located i}4 miles east 
<,f Ml Mortis, consisting of 185 acres of well 
Improved land. One of the finest country 
residences In Ogle County. For further par- 
ticulars call on, or address, 

Elizabeth Middlekauff. 
.„, Mt. Morris, 111 



A New Catalogue for '93, 

Farm for Sa,le I 

A desirable 

irm, three miles north 
: of Parsons, Labette 
Co., Kans , fairly well improved. For fur- 
ther paitlculars or plat of farm call on or ad- 
dress, J. V. Eilkr, Cerro Gordo, 111. 5° tf 


f. ' "sciMl"i'.--.c'i''i." '■ ■...>u[-\r I".-. .>.,.! .< r,i;r |t- tj.i | lt - 
kks.iosl...*)"'.- l.i.-n.K. 1..V.- ll.' ■V^^y, H.rt.-i- •, 

l !h'!!n'- l |Va , |^ l '^n U ''^!'.li : .' , -'/^ ; VlM. jELl'V' <i', ' 

The Hollin£cr Fence 

We are still In the field, pushing the best 
Fence In the world with all the force possible. 
Parties, desiring to correspond with us, should 
I observe the following 

tyAH orders from Ohio should be ad- 
dressed to Miami Fence Co., Miamfsburg, 

t^-AU orders from Pennsylvania should 
be addrehsed to Pennsylvania Fence Co., Un- 
ion Deposit, Pa. 

OP All outside ol the above States, should 
be addressed to Holllnger Fence Co., Green- 
ville, Ohio. 4 Stt 

European Hotel 


Chicago, 111. 

This hotel is centrally located, and the most respectable 


Doctrine of the Brethren Defended, 

This work contains a complete exposition 
of the faith and practice of the Brethren, the 
Divinity of Christ, the Divinity of the Holy 
Spirit, Immersion, Feet-washing, the Lord's 
Supper, the Holy Kiss, Non-conformity, Se 
Societies, etc. Price, per copy, clotr 
binding, $1.35 Address this office. 




Chicago and St. Louis, 



And All Points In 


P. S. Eustis, 

Gen. Pass. Agt., 


"Warsaw, Ind., 




Alone with God, 

This manual of devotions, by J. H. Garri- 
son, comprises a series of meditations with 
forms of prayer for private devotions, family 
worship and special occasions. It is one of 
the most useful, most needed, and best adapt- 
ed books of the year, and therefore It is not 
strange that It Is proving one of the most 
popular. In work of this kind its distin- 
guished, gifted, pious and beloved author Is 
at his best. This book Is helpful to every 
minister, church official, and Sunday-school 
superintendent, as well as every private mem- 
ber of the church In all ages. It has models 
of prayer, suitable for the service of the 
prayer- meeting, while Its suggestions, medi- 
tations and instructions are pre-eminently 
calculated to be of service In preparation for 
the solemn duties that rest upon the active 
members. Cloth, 75 cents; morocco, $1.25. 
Address this office. 


Lessons in Penmanship, 

Look here, reader, do }Ou know that you 
can Improve your writing 50 per cent by tak- 
ing my course of "Lessons by Mall?" I 
have helped hundreds of jotmg nrtrf SH3 
women to good-paying positions, and I can 
help you, if you will join my class and follow 
my Instructions. A twelve weeks' course 
will cost you only $4. A fine circular, giv- 
ing full particulars, free. Address G. E. 
ver, Principal Art Department, Mt. 
Morris College, 111. itf 

Excursions to California. 

,So*, on dales 
Chicago, J»> 


Bible Lands 



and after-effects of La Grifft. This medicin. 
g more people, for the number using it than any c 

, |,y .mil only *< 00; 

Wk make a specialty of plain clothing, 
put In good cloth and trimmings and make 
them up first-class In every way. 

Complete catalogue of all kinds of clothing 
for men and boys, rules for self-measurement, 
tape-measure, and samples of cloth, from 
which Brethren's suits are made, will be sent 
o any address on receipt of six cents In 
tamps. i$y* 

Dr. Wrlghtsman's Sovereign Balm of Life 




If you « 

r Count 

A new edition of this deservedly-popular 
work has again been published. It retail 
the excellencies of Its predecessors, and with 
those who are interested in Bible study this 
work will always remain a favorite. Those 
who have read the ordinary book of trav- 
el will be surprised to find " Europe and Bi- 
ble Lands" of thrilling Interest for both old 
and young. The large number of books, al- 
ready sold, proves that the work Is of more 
than ordinary merit. 

A fair supply of the last edition of this 
work Is still on hand. Those who have not 
yet secured a copy of the work should em- 
brace this opportunity of securing It. Price, 
In fine cloth binding, only $1.50 per copy, 
post-paid. To agents who are prepared to 
push an active canvass of the work, \ 
prepared to give special Inducements. Write 
as. Brethren's Publishing Co., 

Mt Morris, 111 

I Say, Farmer, 

Are you not making a mistake by allowing 
the horns to grow on your calves? 

Brayton's Certain Horn Preventer 

.ynesborough, Pa. 

a graduate of the University of 
City. References given and cor- 
Address, Dr. G. W. Boteler, 

Dubbel's Cough and Croup Cure 

is perfectly harmless. It is highly endorsee 
Grippe. Our Cough and Croup Cure is secon. 

sits of the bottle to 

ed it. Your money 
>er bottle. Agents 

■ en I 1 

S April 


Wolf's Business College. 

D. Elmer Wolf, Principal, 

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s perfectly c 

Cough and Croup Cure from Bro. C 
boro, Tenn. After using half of it I 
For a cold or La Grippe I can certal 

S. E. Dubbel «& Co., 

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Also manufacturers of Red Thyme Palo Cure,— the 
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Annual Meeting held at Cedar Rapids, low*. 43016 

1 <^T*t 

The Gospel Messenger 

"Set for the Defense of the Gospel," 

I 31, Old Seriei. 

Mt. Morris, 111., and Huntingdon, Pa., Feb. 7, 1893. 

No. 6 

The Gospel Messenger 

H. B. Brumbaugh, Editor, 

And Business Manager of the Eastern House, Box \o, 

Huntingdon, Pa. 

ty As the Young Disciple and the Quarterlies are publish- 
ed at Mt. Morris, orders for them and Sunday-school sup- 
plies should be sent to that office. 

Table of Contents, 

At the Ford. By M. M. Sherrlck, 82 

Primitive Christianity, as Understood and Practiced by 
the Brethren. By J. S. Mohler., Man's Need of 

a Savior.— Part 1, S2 

"That I May." By C. H. Balsbaugh, S2 

Why Are They Done ? By Grant Mahan, S3 

To Our Colleges. By P. R. Wrlghtsman, S4 

Immortality. By M. J. McClure. No. 3, 84 

Jesting. By Noah Longanecker S5 

Child-likeness, S5 

Missionary and Tract Work Department,— 

Missionary Items S6 

Slackness 86 

Faithful Deacons. By J. H. Miller, S7 

, The Brethren's Meeting nouse Ne«. WsftULju-ga, 

' Sweden. By Galen B. Royer, 87 


Items, 81, 88, 89 

A Review, 81 

Single Immersion 89 

Editorial Wanderings in the Old World. No. 30, S9 

Aiding Ministers, 9? 

Will Take the Old Turnpike, 91 

Our Visit to Ohio.— Mission Work, 91 

Correspondence, 91,92 

Notes from Our Correspondents, 9^,93 

Matrimonial, 94. 

Fallen Asleep, 94 

Advertisements, 95) 96 

The man who thinks of himself more highly 
than he ought to think, may flatter himself with 
the thought that others cannot read what is in 
his heart. He would better not be too sure of 
that. "When the person is full of self-esteem, it 
will manifest itself in every movement, look and 
word. It can be seen in the way he handles the 
hoe in the garden, if he is ever observed doing 
that kind of work. 


H. B. Brumbaugh, 

My Dear Brother: — 

In Gospel Messfngeb No. 48, 1892, you 

comment on Mark 9: 38, 39. As my attention is 

frequently called to that text, by permission I 

will present my views on ifc to the readers of the 

" And John answered him, saying, Master, we 
saw one casting out devils in thy name, and he 
followeth not us; and we forbade him, because he 
followeth not us. But Jesus said, Forbid him 
not: for there is no man which shall do a miracle 
in my name, that can lightly speak evil of me." 
Ton correctly allude to the preceding contention 
among the disciples, as to who should be the 

I greatest : u the new ' '^dom; a^d the reproof 
Dh"l* J ivt h disciples s or their v*' ious 

j spirit by piuui g » jhiiti in their inidat, celling 
i,hem, " Whosoever shall receive one of such chil- 
dren in my name receiveth me." 
The apparent facts are: 

1. At this stage of the history of the life of 
Christ's disciples they were ambitious, carnal. 

2. The Holy Spirit being subsequently given, 
they were only in preparation for their future 
great work, hence did not have the right spirit. 

3. The party to whom John referred was cast- 
ing out devils in Ohrist'B name, hence was giving 
God's standard of proof, but the disciples, being 
in the dim twilight, did not discern the truth, 
therefore greatly erred. 

4. At that date Christ's followers were scattered 
and unorganized, hence had but little or no knowl- 
edge of each other, as seen in this case. 

Mark the change in the manner and spirit of 
Christ's disciples after the divine unction, e. g., in 
Acts 18: 24-28, we have the circumstance of Pris- 
cilla and Aquila meeting one Apollos. " This man 
was . . . fervent in the spirit; he spake and taught 
diligently the thinge of the Lord, knowing only 
fh« v,«« w of John " Atiolloo did n«* +w.h the 
doctrine that Fxiscilla and Aquila taught, hence 
did not follow them; yet they did not forbid him, 
but took him unto them and expounded unto him 
the way of God more perfectly." In Acts 19: 1-7 
we have Paul meeting twelve representatives of 
Christian doctrine, who were in error, hence not 
following Paul. Instead of forbidding them, Paul 
takes them into Mb embrace, and they become 
united workers in the great cause of Truth. 
Therefore the error of the disciples whom Christ 
reproved, as we have shown, was: 

1. 'The ambitious, carnal spirit with which his 
disciples were possessed. 

2. The manner and spirit of the disciples under- 
went a marked change after they received the Ho- 
ly Ghost, which was to more fully regulate and 
fit them for their work. 

You say, " Do we not have some modern Johns, 
who, when they see some one casting out devils, — 
preach* exactly the same truth,— forbid them be- 
cause they are not of us, or have not received 
their authority from us?" This is a peculiar in- 
terrogative, so shaped aa to contain its own an- 
swer. "With all due courtesy I do not consider it an 
outgrowth of the text, when properly considered. 
If by the phrase, " Modern Johns," you mean in- 
dividuals, I consent, but if you mean the church, 
I do not consent. I know of none that "preach 
exactly the same truth" aa do the Brethren. 
True, an element withdrew because of a difference 
in the manner of church work. Another element 
was excluded because of the violation of princi- 
ple; such as adorning, prayer-covering, church 
unity, "being unequally yoked together with un- 
believers." Hence the former we cannot work 
with; the latter we dare not work with while they 
remain in open violation of the foregoing princi- 

Again you say, " Let us ever remember that, 
while the church is of high authority, the Truth, 
which "is the power of God unto salvation," is 
still higher." This language seems to underval- 

ue, if not set aside, the authority of the church. 
If so, we have no grounds, no baBis for church 
government. I regret the statement in our worthy 
columns. For evidence of church authority see 
Matt, 16: 18,19; 18: 18, 19; John 20: 23; 1 Tim. 
3: 4, 5; Heb. 13: 7, 17. I. J. Rosenbergier, 

The above " Review " was sent to us by Eld. 
Rosenberger, thinking that we might feel like 
making some remarks, or an explanation. In 
looking over the "Review" we see no call for it, 
but as we are brethren, we should always be will- 
ing to receive as well as give. 

Bro. R,, with an "if" objects to our phrase, 
"Modern Johns." We meant exactly what we 
said, and by no system of interpretation that we 
know of, except the Pietistic, oould our language 
be so construed aa to mean the church. The 

grammatical construction dnsa not mlmit of ouoh 

interpretation, and we do not feel responsible for 
misinterpretations of the language we use. 

As to our brother taking objections to us saying 
the Truth, — which is the power of God unto aal- 
-■■■*'• ■- >■■ 'li-- 1 . - nntharifcy than the church, wo 
are surprised. This is the first instance that we 
ever knew of that any brother even assumed that 
the church is better authority than the Bible. 
We regret this statement much more than our 
own. The very fact that the Bible is the highest 
known authority makes the only baais that we 
have, or can have, for church government, and to 
say this can be no reflection on church govern- 
ment, as in ao doing we simply acknowledge the 
source from which our authority cornea. 

Oar brother, in his closing paragraph, seems to 
contradict his own position. If the church is 
higher authority than the Scriptures, why refer 
to Matthew, John, 1st Timothy and Hebrews? 
Yes, we again repeat: While the church is of high 
authority, the truth, — which' is the power of God 
unto salvation, — is still higher." The church is 
fallible and may err, but the Gospel of salvation 
is true. And it is our duty as individuals, and as 
a church, to subordinate and shape our ways and 
opinions to it, as the perfect standard, rather than 
to misapply the Scriptures and subvert them to 
meet our beliefs and creeds. 

As to "our" conclusions not being an out- 
growth of the text, there may be a question in the 
mind of others. We are quite sure that "ours" 
were but the conclusions that Bro. R. drew from 
our conclusions,— :we don't pretend to aay where 
they were from. It is wonderful what we can 
make other people say when we place them in our 
own line of thoughts and interpret their words 
from our own feelings and system of interpreta- 

In our remarks on the above " Review " we, in 
no way, wish to impugn the motives of the "Re- 
view," as we accept all he aays most kindly, and 
we hope that what we have said will be accepted 
in the same kind of spirit. 


Feb. 7, 18' 


■Study to *how thyself appro 

AT THE FORD.-Eccl. 12:4. 

There Is death 'neath the roof by the clear, winding slrea 

That murmurs with unceasing flow, 
And life glides away like the shade of a dream, 

For "the sound of the grinding is low." 

No voices of childhood In boisterous mirth, 

No patter of feet to and fro; 
For a mortal Is passing the way of the earth, 

And "the iound of the grinding is low." 

The marsh-hen leads forth through the rushes her brood, 
And the bittern stalks cautious and slow; 

All nature's true songs on the quiet Intrude, 
But "the sound of the grinding is low." 

No hand on the hopper, no hand on the sack ; 

No rush of the flume down below; 
For life has reversed and is fast flowing back, 

While "the sound of the grinding Is low." 

The willows bend low o'er that murmuring stream 
Where the trout like a flash come and go; 

While life glides away like the shade of a dream, 
And " the sound of the grinding is low." 

The house-dog lies resting his jaws on his feet, 
Where the sun In descending doth glow, 

And the afternoon wanes while all nature is sweet,' 
But "the sound of the grinding is low." 


more shall he " rise at the voice of the bird," 
When the east with the moon Is aglow; 
more, when " the daughters of music " are heard,- 
For " the sound of the grinding Is low." 



Man's Need of a Savior. 

Part One. 

Need implies helplessness. That man is help- 
less in his relation to his fellow-man, and espe- 
cially in his relation to his God, is very evident 
In his relation to his fellows, he needs their as- 
sistance and co-operation, in some way, continu- 
ally. In obtaining knowledge, in husbandry, 
mechanics, commerce, finance, and in our social 
relations, embracing onr religion, we realize deep- 
ly onr need of eaoh other. 

It is impossible for any man to live wholly to 
himself, no matter how wealthy he may be, or 
how favorable his surroundings in life are. He 
needs his fellow-man in time of sickness, and to 
give him a decent bnrial when he is dead. 

But especially are we needy in onr relation to 
God. The chasm between divinity and humanity 
is immensely great,— so great that no mortal 
could ever have bridged it. The affinity between 
humanity and its Divine Creator, is as strong as 
that of parent and child, with an impassable river 
between the two. In what way can this mighty 
gulf of human depravity be safely crossed, so as 
to bring the lost child to its parent again? Two 
persons of different dispositions becoming unrec- 
onciled to each other, and the breach having be- 
come wide, and growing wider, what kind of per- 
son would likely be most successful in effecting a 
reconciliation between them? Would it not be a 
person, who, possessing the characteristics of each 
one, could thus be enabled to enter into the de- 
sires and sympathies of either party ? A person, 
thus qualified, would, in the very nature of 

things, prove a successful mediator. Herein we 
perceive the wisdom of God and our 


God in his purity, and man in his depravity, 
were wide apart. Unaided, man could not have 
been reconciled to God. The extremes were too 
great. Hence God provided a person as umpire 
or Mediator, through whom reconciliation may 
be made. The person, thus appointed, having 
the characteristics of both the parties at variance, 
having the divinity of God and the humanity of 
man. Hence, Paul says, in Heb. 2: 17, 18, 
"Wherefore in all things it behooved him to be 
made like unto his brethren, that he might be a 
merciful and faithful high priest in things per- 
taining to God, to make reconciliation for the 
sins of the people. For in that he himself hath 
suffered being tempted, he is able to succour 
them that are tempted." Here our need of a 
Savior is clearly stated, as well ae his fitness; by 
suffering and being tempted, he can aid us, and 
by his divine nature he is able to make reconcili- 
ation for the sins of the people. And inasmuch 
ae eternal life aud happiness depend altogether 
upon reconciliation with God, we may readily ap- 
prehend the fitness of Christ to reconcile us to 
God, as well as deeply fcel our need of him to 
save us. 

Not only do we need the Savior as a Mediator, 
to reconcile us to God, but we need him as a 

Whose laws are to stand though heaven and 
earth pass away. Matt. 24: 35. His mandates 
will not admit of addition or subtraction, but are 
perfect within themselves. His laws contain 
words of wisdom, of power, of mercy, of divine 
sweetness, so much so that his enemies declared, 
"Never man spake like this man." John 7: 46. 

We need to obey all the laws of our Great 
Lawgiver in order to be saved. " Teaching them 
to observe all things whatsoever I have command- 
ed you." Malt. 28: 20. "Therefore whosoever 
heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them, I 
will liken him unto a wise man, which built his 
house upon a rock." Matt. 7: 24. "Not every 
one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter 
into the kingdom of heaven ; but he that doeth 
the will of my Father which is in heaven." . Matt. 

We need the laws of the kingdom of heaven to 
sustain and strengthen our relation to each other, 
and to make us wise unto salvatioD, to develop 
Christian character and give us an inheritance 
among all the sanctified. Not only do we need 
Christ as a Savior, a Mediator and Lawgiver, but 
we need him as a ' * 


This implies that 6ome one is sick. Indeed 
" the whole head is sick and the whole heart -is 
faint." Isa. 1: 5. The whole human family is 
living in a very unwholesome atmosphere. Sin 
is inhaled with every breath. Its leprosy has in- 
fected every heart, hence Paul's graphic descrip- 
tion of sin's loathsome disease. "There is none 
righteous, no, not one: there is none that under- 
standeth, there is none that seeketh after God. 
They are all gone out of the way, they are togeth- 
er become unprofitable; there is none that doeth 
good, no, not one. Their throat is an open sep- 
ulchre; with their tongues they have used deceit; 
the poison of asps is under their lips: whose 
mouth is full of cursing and bitterness: their feet 
are swift to shed blood: destruction and misery 
are in their ways: and the way of peace have they 
not known: There is no fear of God before their 
eyes." Eom. 3: 10-18. 

There is but one Physician for the whole 
world, who understands every malady of the soul. 

He has never lost a case. His diagnosis is r. 
feet in every instance. He responds to ev 
call, whether the patient be rich, or poor, i 
without money or price. In every instar 
where his prescriptions are faithfully taken, a p 
feet cure has been effected. Since all the wo 
is diseased, and sinc6 Christ is the only Physici 
it becomes a matter of absolute necessity, if 
would be healed of the leprosy of sin, that we < 
on this Great Physician, who hath power on ea 
to forgive sins, and is able to save even unto ' 
uttermost, and present us faultless before God. 
Morrill. Kans. 

"THAT I MAY.'-Philpp. 3: 12. 


To Eld. I. J. Bosenberger :— 

Your Christmas letter was fitting the occasit 
There are a dozen expressions in it on which 
ligious people split, but nothing on which min< 
enlightened and controlled by the Holy Ghc 
esunot agree. The opinions and convictions a 
preferences of religious people are not all rel 
ions. Neither is it the office of the Paraclete 
break in violently on the human and remove 
prejudices and false conceptions at a strol 
This has never been God's way of revealing hi 
self. Those who determine to arbitrate in t 
realm of mind, and have everybody's thought < 
incide with their own, without the slow proct 
of time and mental adaptation, have either i 
studied the history of mankind at all, or studi 
it to very little purpose, 

There is a great deal of ignorance and unreas 
and impatience in what is claimed to be " zeal 1 
the Lord." No one who has mastered the fat 
and principles of Divine Providence hitherto, c 
contemplate without sorrow and pity much of t 
present movement in the Christian world, and i 
pecially among ourselves. Much is said and pu 
lished that betrays not only disallowance of t! 
ways of God in the discipline of humanity, b 
ignorance oE the person and character of Job 
Christ. To " know Jesus, and the power of 1 
resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferinj 
and be made conformable unto his death," is t 
sum of all knowledge. Philpp. 3: 10. 

No one is "wise unto salvation," until ho o 
ssy, " I Jcnow him; for I am from Mm." John 
29. And so positive and divinely certified is tt 
knowledge, that to disclaim it would be a fait 
hood of the deepest personal character. John 
All distraction and alienation and divisic 
among Christians spring from a partial appi 
hension of Jesue. "Is Christ divided?" 1 Ct 
1 : 13. Preposterous. "The Lord our God is o: 
Lord." Mark 12: 29. "I and my Father a 
one." John 10: 30. 

Those are the greatest, the wisest, the saintliet 
he most Christlike, who have the largest conce 
tion and make the largest appropriation of t'i 
Divine Incarnation. And these also have tl 
largest forbearance toward those who have a co 
tracted, dwarfed and distorted conception of t) 
Teat and perfect Christ of God. There is tt 
much of the lion aud the wolf and the tiger 
some of the defenders of the faith, and too litt 
of the lamb and the dove. 

Christ did not come to tear and destroy and d 
voury but to pity and save oven at the sacrifice 
his own life. Some seem to be all beak ai 
claws, and never seem in greater rhapsody thi 
when they can mangle their victim. This is t 
terly alien to the spirit of the cross, and pleas 
not God, nor edifies the church. 

In himself Christ is what he is. He oan ne 
ther be augmented nor diminished. "All tl 
fulness of the Godhead dwelleth in Him bodily 



.9 the 

Ool. 2: 9 Hia co-eternity and co- equality with 
God are indisputable. He claims all the names 
and attributes of Jehovah. "I ah " is the primal 
name of both Father and Son. "He that hath 
seen Me hath seen the Fatheh." " The Father 
dwelleth in me." John 14: 9, 10, 11, 

.But this nuchaugeable one io not the earuo to 
every believer's apprehension. Here he is great 
or small according to receptive capacity. The 
ipso facto Christ, the essential, veritable Christ, 
as he is and ever muat be, belongs to ev- 
ery believer by imputation. But the appro- 
priated Christ, the consciously verified Christ, 
the Christ of experience and daily manifes- 
tation, is juet aa large or aa little as our faith 
and loyalty and self-consecration. The Christ of 
the apostles dwindled into a mere shadow under 
the awful gloom of the cross. The best they 
could say in their desponding walk to Erumaus 
was, "We trusted that it had eeen he which 
should have redeemed Israel." Luke 24: 21. 

"Were not our justification as large as all the 
righteousness of God in Christ, not a soul would 
ba saved. If our acceptance with God rested 
primarily on our poor works, and on our alternat- 
ing consciousness, the Incarnation of God, with 
its stupendous purpose and issues, would be the 
crowning failure of the universe. . 

The disciples of the nineteenth century are 
just as "slow of heart to believe" the vicarious 
functions of life and death and resurrection and 
ascension and intercession, of oar Blessed Media- 
tor, as were the disciples of the first century. 
But the little Christ of our apprehensiou is the 
great Christ on the throne of universal empire, 
and this constitutes the certainty of our salva- 
tion. If what is personal to Christ were not larg- 
er than what isjpersonal to us, damnation would 
be the doom, the all-inclusive docm, of the human 

The divine imputation, covers all, and in a mo- 
ment; but the recovery of the soul from inherent 
corruption, and the consummation of its beauty 
in the holiness of God, is a discipline, an educa- 
tion, a growth. "When a grain of wheat is plant- 
ed, it has in it potentially all that can be evolved 
out of it. ' So the infusion of the divine life, 
through faith, contains seminally all the eternities 
can elicit and develop. There never will be a 
moment when the apprehended Christ will be as 
large as the essential Christ. 

"When we consider the mental and moral stat- 
ure of the Apostle Paul, what revelations he had, 
such as it was "not lawful for man to utter;" 
how " he was caught up into the third heaven." 
and listened to "unspeakable words;" how he 
had actually seen Jesus Christ, and received his 
Gospel commission direct from him; does it not 
seem wonderful that he should pray and wrestle 
to apprehend Christ in proportion to his appre- 
hension by Christ? 2 Cor. 12: 2, 4; Acts 9: 17; 
Gal. 1: 11, 12; Philpp. 3: 12. Oh, no, it is not at 
all wonderful to those who have the true divine 
conception of "God manifest in the flesh," and 
the mission really accomplished by the Godman 
in behalf of Binners. "That I may apprehend" 
will be the prayer and the longing and the effort 
of every justified soul, not only in this world, but 
that which is to bo. 

If we had a wider idea of the infiniteness of the 
Christ we deal with, and of the reality of his sac- 
erdotal function within the rent vail, how 
ashamed we would be of the vanities and animos- 
ities and sectionalisms and world-greed and man- 
ifold selfishnessi Just as we individually and 
unitedly apprehend Christ according to 1 Cor. 1: 
30, will our party lines become obliterated, and 
the fulfillment of John 17: 23 become the unde- 
niable demonstration of our continuity of the Di- 
vine Indwelling on earth. 

It ia our holiness that must verify our justifica- 
tion. "Without holiness no man shall see the 
Lord" Heb. 12: 14 t Aud without justification, 
sanctification \b as impossible as to have Pente- 
cost without Good Friday and EaBter. All this 
is "foolishness" to those who have no other or- 
gan of apprehensiou than the natural understand- 
ing. But to the Spirit-taught it is "joy unspeak- 
able and full of glory." 1 Cor. 2: 14; 1 Pet. 1: 8 
To believe in a doctrine, dogma, ordinance, prop- 
osition, is of no account whatever, apart from 
faith in a Person who perfectly represents and 
adjusts both God and man. 

Salvation is not escaping penalty, but the abso- 
lute harmony of the divine and huaaan in the es- 
sential idea of beiDg, thought, purpose, peace, joy. 
Nobody is saved who is not saved from self, from 
temper, passion, disposition, all innate tendencies 
of the flesh. It is "Christ dwelling in the heart 
by faith," moulding the totality of the human 
nature "into his image from glory to glory." 
Eph. 3: 17; 2 Cor. 3: 18. Tfaia is an achievement 
worthy of God and his Christ. 

Union Deposit, Pa. 



When one begins to ask himself why things 
are done he very often finds that he can not an- 
swer his question in anything-like a satisfactory 
manner. Perhaps he would have better success 
if he were to ask himself why he does certi 
things, and let other people's actions aloue; but it 
seems that no oue is capable of doing this. It is 
so much easier to find fault with others than with 
one's own self. And it may be that there is an 
other reason why we do not like to hunt for our 
own faults: if we were to begin to look we should 
surely find many things needing correction; and 
if the things were found our consciences would 
trouble us if we did not correct them. But if our 
time and attention are once given to onr own mis- 
takes what will become of those of other people? 

Yet of late three or four things have kept com- 
ing to my mind and it has been more difficult 
than usual to find any good reason for them, 
One thing ie the wearing of mourning. Here it 
is the custom to have a piece of black cloth sewed 
around the left coat sleeve, and this* is worn for 
the time prescribed by custom or fashion. Some 
times women appear with this mark on the arm 
though not often. Why is it worn? It surely if 
not a sign of the grief the wearer has for some 
one who has passed away, for every day the wear- 
ers of these signs may be seen going into places 
where strong drink is sold and behaving on the 
street in a way that would seem to indicate any- 
thing but a grief-stricken state of mind. Of 
course at home we constantly see men with 
mourning on their hats acting in just the same 
way. We can hardly suppose that one people is 
worse, in this respect, than another. If the dead 
could know what takes place after they are gone 
what a source of comfort it would be to them to 
know that they were remembered— long enough 
to have the proper changes made in the wearing 
apparol. Such mourning is but a mockery. But 
why do people pretend to feel what they do not 
feel? Doubtless for the same reason that people 
pretend to be religious when they are not at all 
so: it is fashionable, and fashion is a god that 
must be obeyed if the devotee is to keep his place 
in "society." What folly I 

Another thing is the closing of theatres in 
times of disease and death. There is oue good 
reason for this, and that is to keep people from 
crowding together and contracting the disease. 
But it is evident that this is not the only reason, 

nor the main one; for if it were they 'would not 
wait till in despair before closing, nor would they 
open again as soon as things began to look a little 
brighter. No; they seem to feel that if they 
must die they prefer to die out of the theatre, 
though they are willing to live in it as long as 
their prospects for living are good. It does seem 
strange that so many seem to pay no attention to 
their Hvob aB long as they are reasonably sure of 
them, but are very anxious to die good; as if one 
repentant breath, and that the very last one they 
have to breathe on earth, were enough to make 
God forget a whole life of Bin. But God is not 
mocked, and this thing of making up one's mind 
to livo as long as oue pleases and then die repent- 
ant is nothing but mockery. 

There is one other thing in connection with the 
theatre. About a month before the holidays they 
have here what they call their Todienfest. Dur- 
ing the Sunday on which it falls nothing but 
something solemn can be produced in the thea- 
tres; so those which make a specialty of the comic 
must suspend for this day. It seems a little 
strauge that anything of the kind Bhould be done, 
for it is hard to see why or how one Sunday is 
better, should be kept more sacred, than another. 
If a thiDg is good to do one Sunday there is no 
reason why it should not be good to do every 
Sunday. But one finds people wherever he is 
who have their days for being better than on oth- 
er days. And yet how reasonless it all is. If a 
thing is right it is right, and if it is wrong it is 
wrong, no matter on what day it may be done. 
This is not saying that we are right if we go 
about our labor on Sunday as we do during the 
week, for we are told not to do that. It is the 
acts in and of thomselvea that are right or wrong. 
Lying, stealing, etc., are just as wrong during the 
week as on Sunday; and we know that a good 
deed is none the worse for being done on Sunday. 

It is very interesting to listen to German min- 
isters when they preach, for they have such a 
simple, direct way of speaking to a congregation 
that the words go home. In listening one is not 
made to feel that the speaker is trying to make as 
much noise aa possible or use all the big words 
he knows. What a difference there is in minis- 
ters in this respeot! Some almost deafen us, and 
some use words that we do not understand; and 
the minister is largely to blame if his congrega- 
tion go away dissatisfied. We don't go to church 
for brain food, as we generally get enough of that 
when not in the church ; but we do go there for 
heart food. And yet how often we get juBt what 
we did not go there for. The greater part of such 
so-called preaching is simply lost, for it is not the 
kind that the average pereon is able to under- 
stand. About the only consolation to be drawn 
from the whole thing is that the loss is not very 
great; for such a sermon would do our souls no 
good if we had it. 

Not long ago we heard such a good sermon from 
the words, " A new commandment I give unto you, 
Thtt ye love one another; aa I have loved you, 
that ye also love one another." The beauty of 
love to family, to friends, to strangers, to enemies, 
was shown. But in his closing prayer the minis- 
ter seemed to forget that there was or could be 
such a thing as love to enemies, for he prayed that 
God would give the German soldiers victory over 
their enemiea. How out of place such a prayer 
seemBl It destroyed most of the good effect of 
the sermon, for it is hard to believe a man ie in 
earnest when in his sermon if in the prayer that 
follows it he prayB for something just the con- 
trary. Almost the same thing was repeated in 
the Christmas sermon. This time, though, the 
beauties of peace were shown, not those of love. 
At the close the same prayer for victory in war 
was given. 


Feb 7, 18! 

Here one is constantly made to think of war, 
for there are soldiers everywhere. Even when 
they go to church they must wear their uniform 
and sword. The talk is continually of war. An 
effort is being made to increase the army. The 
German Government is trying to discourage emi- 
gration, for it wants to have as many men as pos- 
sible on hand in case of war. One can't help 
wondering where it will all end. It would seem 
that the different countries here must soon reach 
the limit, for they can't keep increasing the force 
of fighting men forever. Some persons say there 
must be war, for there are more young people 
than can be used in any other way: all the places 
are full and there are thousands upon thousands 
who have no places. The barraoks are full of 
soldiers; all over the country are large tracts of 
land uncultivated: and there is want everywhere, 
not merely in Germany. When we look at the 
three things— the uncultivated land, the idle sol- 
diers, the want— we wonder why the first two are 
not put and kept together, for that would be the 
surest and best way of getting rid of the third. 
But it is not likely that such a thing will happen 
very soon. The great of the different countries 
must have miles of land to ride over in hunting 
even if the poor have not land enough to furnish 
them the barest necessaries of life. And after all 
this these great ones still dare to say they are 
the followers of him who had not where to lay 
his head, of him who taught that we are to feed 
even our enemy if he hungers, of him whose ev- 
ery word and act condemned such greed and 
selfishness and promised eternal damnation to 
all who are guilty of such things. If one of 
these persons gets hurt while hunting as much 
fuss is made over him bb would be made if he 
were a public benefactor instead of being just 
the opposite. 

But it iB popular nowadays to be a Christian; 
that is to say, for one to profess to be a Chris- 
tian, though he obeys none of the commands of 
Christ. We talk about his commands, write 
about them, preach about them, but we don't 
live them; and yet we know perfectly well that 
our future happiness is conditioned on our doing 
them. It is the Master himself who says, "If 
ye know these things, happy are ye if ye do 
them." Would that we all had more of his 
Bpirit; and we ought to make greater efforts to 
get it, for if we have not his spirit we are none 
of his. If we realize this fully we should so act 
as to be better and happier and make those sc 
with whom we come in contact. Why is it, ap. 
parently, so hard for us to act strictly in accord 
with the commands of Christ where he says, 
" My yoke is easy, and my burden is light? " 
Halle, Germany. 

Besides all that, how few of our people to-day 
in the common walks of life, know how to keep 
well, much less how to get well when sick! If 
our bodies get sick, or feeble, how can the spir- 
itual part of man develop for God, for home and 
for heaven? 

, I venture to say that not one in twenty of adults 
to-day, knows how to properly take a bath— a 
sanitary adjunct, so much negleoted by the mass- 
es. Furthermore, I wish to state, in this con- 
nection, that very many young ladies who can 
play the organ and piano well, know but little 
of how to meet many of the emergencies of ev- 
ery-day life in the home circle. A knowledge of 
music and of bookB is all good, but there are 
many other good things to be learned that go to 
make up a happy home and a useful minister or 
missionary. Especially is this knowledge of 
medicine essentially necesBary now, in this fast 
age, when many so-called doctors kill more than 
they cure. They go, as they call it, "through 
college," have their diploma, minus wisdom and 
honesty, and practice on the credulity of their 
patrons, and secondly on their purses, without 
giving value received. They spend their leisure 
time in loafing around, and smoking out their 
brains. Too often they are pickeled iu whiskey 
instead of reviewing their books and studying 
diseases. How can such persons intelligently 
preBoribe for and cure the sick? 

I know whereof I speak, having practiced the 
healing art for thirty years. Being frequently 
called in council with other doctors, I have been 
astonished to hear them give their diagnosis and 

Therefore I again appeal to our colleges to 
supply a course of study to meet this growing 
demand; for humanity's Bake, for the sake of 
onr sick and dyiDg, for the sake of our beloved 
Zion, let us have medicine taught in our col- 





While we are heartily in sympathy with our 
brethren, connected with the Brethren's schools, 
and feel to encourage them in the good work, yet 
we have been impressed, for some time, with the 
necessity of a brief medical course being con- 
nected with, and becoming a part of, the instruc- 
tion given. Many of our graduates from the 
Brethren's sohools become ministers, and are 
often called to visit the sick, and, if acquainted 
with the human anatomy, diseases, and the need- 
ed remedies, could do much to relieve human 
Buffering, and, in many cases, save life. The 
time is not far distant, when our Brethren will 
be sent out as missionaries to heathen lands, 
where the knowledge of a physician is indispen- 


Number Three. 
After the expulsion from the garden we have 
but little of the history of the first parents, but 
there is sufficient to show that they filled the 
earth mission, gained their living by the sweat 
of the faoe, multiplied and finally disappeared 
from among men. 

What was the immediate cause of this change, 
the Bible does not Bay, whether disease or acci- 
dent, or old age, for God has so arranged that 
all of these produce the condition called death 
At any rate they all bring about the culmination 
of the fiat, "Dust thou art, and unto dust thou 
shalt return." Adam died; man was called Ad- 
am. The thing called "man" was made out of 
dust, made in the image of God. Gen. 5: 6 
shows that Adam died, but now the question is, 
did all of Adam die after the lapse of nine hun- 
dred and thirty years? 

We have found that under the Bret sentence 
God, in his wrath, expelled man from the garden, 
and the consequence was the loss of the blessed 
association with God, together with all other con- 
comitant blessings. This brought about separa- 
tion from God, and the calling into action of the 
means or powers that brought about the scene of 
nine hundred and thirty years after. 

But what died? "True Theology " on page 23, 
says, "We believe that all of Christ died and 
went into the tomb," What a startling statement 
that is! What an important fact, if a fact! What 
a revelation; but from whence, deponent saith 
not. It is only an assertion of belief of a man, 
but that iB all right, if founded on fact. Let us 
■ee. God said, " For dust thou art, and unto dust 

shalt thou return." The only possible fulfillm 
of the described ending of man's life is pre 
jated on two facts here stated plainly. Fi 
it is impcssible for anything to return to a st 
or condition never existing before. Beturn mei 
to turn again. Now to " return to dust " can o 
refer to that which was dust, at least once bef< 
But for fear some soul-sleepers should want 
turn something into dust that had never bi 
dust, God says, " For dust thou art." There • 
be but one possible conclusion, viz , that un 
this declaration, that one should return "u: 
the ground," which was made of dust. 

If there is anything about man, any essen 
part, that was not made of dust, is it included 
the dread fiat? Will that likeness, that impa) 
tion from God that enabled man to become a 1 
ing soul, "return" to duBt? "True Theolof 
treats the belief in the immortality of the sou 
a heresy accepted and taught only by false te8 
ers, in any age of the world, and adduces as pi 
that the Pharisees, the Grecian philosoph 
the Roman church, and all other "bad" pec 
believe that doctrine. Now we might att 
the entire position of " True Theology," both t 
and false, and demolish it in the same mam 
but we have not time for that kind of argnmei 
The fact remains that there were people, G 
people, in all ages, who believed in an exist) 
separate from each other, of a soul and body. 
1 Kings 17: 21, 22, we find the account of a . 
that is hard to reconcile with the dogma 
teaches that all of man " dies and goes into 

The widow's child had died, and the pro] 
prostrated his body upon the child and pri 
that the child's soul might come unto him ag 
The Lord heard the prayer, and tjjie soul of 
child came into him again. 

Here we have revealed several incontroven 

1. The strict harmony between this case 
described, and the original, viz , the several p 

2. The phrase, " child's soul " shows the ( 
relation, while the calling and returning pi 
positively that the child was a living soul bi 
the departure of the soul; and that, while 
soul was away, the child, or the body, if 
please, was inactive, asleep, dead, and the 
was alive, active, conscious. Mark, the pre 
did not pray the Lord to bring the child's 
nor send any one to bring it, but to let the cl 
soul come, and it did come. 

One more fact demands special attentio 
was a living, active, complete child before d 
The dust was in part inactive, inert, dead; 
the likenesB in part active, alive, during 
separated state. There was a complete, li 
active child again, only after reversion or r 

Here we have epitomized all subsequent 
lations on this subject, and this one case p 
quietus forever on all materialistic theology. 
But a fuller investigation reveals more 
God's perfect plan for the perfecting of his 
pie. The phrase child's soul is what gram 
ans denote as the possessive case. Possess n 
to have; to hold as one's own; to have leg 
tie to. 

This indicates very clearly that the chile 
the soul could be identical in desires, aimi 
ends only, but separate in material, in the 
ner and forces by which they may be opi 
upon, and that the one haB at least part 
temporary possession of the other. Of one 
dred and eighty separate texts examined, t 
dicate, in a greater or Iobs degree, the very 

That the soul exists in a separate, coni 
Btate, while the body lies in the tomb, is j 

reD. i, isaa. 


beyond a peradventure by the following plain 
texts: Matt. 17: 3, "And, behold, there appeared 
nnto them Moaes and Elias talking with him." 
It will not do to try to evade the force of this 
text by claiming that this was only an appear- 
ance,— not a real fact. That is equivalent to say- 
ing that the Father and Son both depended 
npon, and used deceptive means to establish the 
Savior's mission. Any theology, depending npon 
snch argument for life, would better be dead. 
Matt 22: 32 says: "I am the God of Abraham, 
and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. 
God is not the God of the dead, but of the liv- 

The earth life of these patriarchs had ended 
long years ago, but here the Master asserts clear- 
ly that they were living at the time he spoke, or 
there is no reliable rule for conveying ideas by 
words. Luke 16: 19-31 gives, what is called, 
"The Parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus." 
This is the quotation about which there is more 
controversy than any other text, and we want to 
give it a little more attention than some others. I 
may admit this to be a parable, but I am not bold 
enough to say about any parable, spoken by the 
Savior, what "True Theology" says on page 
202, " Now we know that parables are not always 
founded on facts." Any man who is forced to 
arrogate to himself the prerogative to say that 
Jesns Christ spoke untrnths in expounding his 
doctrine, is certainly placing himself in a danger- 
ous position, and a theology, dependent npon 
such an assumption, has poor recommendation to 
God-fearing people. A parable is defined as "A 
supposed history, a figurative description of real 
facts.— Webster. The parable may illustrate a 
lesson already taught, a present or a future fact. 
The parable of the mustard seed undoubtedly de- 
scribed the church of Christ in its earthly expe- 
riences. The parable of the ten virgins refers to 
the scenes to occnr when the Master returns. 
The parable under consideration equally as sure- 
ly portrays experiences beyond the grave. It is 
said that one extreme begets another. How 
"True Theology" spends a great deal of time re- 
futing a position that is false, viz , that souls go to 
heaven or hell at death. I deny that position as 
emphatically as does "True Theology." But 
that does not drive me to the other extreme 
which is equally as erroneous. 

The strongest argument against our position, 
in this place, is based on the assumption that 
body and soul are inseparable, and must either 
both die, and both go into the grave, or neither. 
Gen. 35: 18, describing the death of Eachel says, 
" And it came to pass as her soul was departing, 
for she died." This fully meets all the contro- 
verted points really at issue: Eachel died, and in 
dying her soul departed. Matt. 10: 28 tells ns, 
" And fear not them which kill the body, but are 
not able to kill the soul." Then there is a power 
and a death which cannot affect the soul. A 
bullet may kill the body, intemperate living may 
kill the body, but only the flames of hell may tor- 
ture the soul. The first can be brought by man, 
the other is controlled by God. Eev. 6: 9, 10, 11 
draws a vivid picture of the condition of some 
righteous soul (or, more correctly, souls of some 
righteous persons), between the tithe they left the 
world, and their final redemption. 

John saw the souls of them that were dead 
( the same possessive case ),— the souls that were 
once owned by bodies named men, men made in 
the image of God, imsges made of dust. Th6y 
had, undoubtedly, returned to dust long ago. 
John did not see any bodies, but he did see that 
which God communicated to man, after his own 
likeness,— a living soul! It was living then; and 
it is living now. Men cut off the heads of the 
bodies and they died,— a power that could " kill 

the body but could not kill the soul,"— a living 
soul, possessing the faculties of thinking, reason, 
ing, hoping, expeoting, with the faoulties of God, 
in " his own likeness,"— deathless, immortal. My 
point is proved. 



By jesting we here mean, levity, frivolity, 
anything done or said to amuse or excite laugh- 
ter. As Webster says, " One jests in order to 
make others laugh." Paul says, in Eph. 5: i, 
that "jesting is not convenient." Of Christ it is 
said, " He of ten was seen to weep, but never to 

A certain writer says, " The Christian seeks his 
happiness in prayer, while the world seeks theirs 
in jesting." Jesting is not convenient to the 
laity, much less to the ministry. Panl says to 
the ministry, " Take heed nnto thyself, and unto 
the doctrine; continue in them: for in doing this 
thou shalt both save thyself, and them that hear 

Jesting is opposed to the above. It has a ten- 
dency to destroy. My attention was called to this 
a few weeks ago by a brother. In speaking of an 
evangelist, he remarked, "He is too foolish in 
company." He referred to a case where an old 
sister had to reprove him for his silly conduot in 

About ten or twelve years since four young 
psrsonB went about sixty miles to hear a noted 
evangelist preach. They were conveyed from the 
train to the private house where the brother 
evangelist wsb,— for he was a brother then,— and 
while there, the evangelist's conduct was such 
that those four young friends went home from 
that series of meetings with hearts filled with 
disgust. Probably the power of the ohnrch over 
those hearts is lost forever, 

Permit us to copy the following to show the 
effect that jesting, etc., has on inquiring souls 

A young minister, preaching very earnestly in 
a certain chapel, after service had to walk four or 
five miles to his home along a country road. A 
young man who had been deeply impressed dur. 
ing the sermon, requested the privilege of walk- 
ing with the minister, with an earnest hope that 
he might get an opportunity of telling his feelings 
to him, and obtaining some word of guidance or 
comfort. Instead of that, the young minister, all 
along, told the most singular tales to those who 
were with him, causing loud roars of laughter. 
He stopped at a certain house, and this young man 
with him, and the whole evening was spent in fri- 

Some years after, when the youug minister had 
grown older, he was requested to come to the 
bedside of a dying man. He hastened thither, 
with a heart, desirons to do good. He was re- 
quested to sit down at the bedside; and the dying 
, looking at him, and regarding him more 
closely, Baid to him: 

"Do you remember preaching in such a village, 
ud on such an occasion?" 
"I do," said the minister. 
"I was one of your hearers," said the man, 
" and I was deeply impressed by the sermon." 
" Thank God for that," said the minister. 
" Stop," interrupted the man. " Do not thank 
God till you have heard the whole story. Ton 
will have reason to alter your tone before I have 

The minister changed countenance; but he lit- 
tle guessed what would be the full extent of that 
man's testimony. 

walked home with you? I was sincerely desir. 
ous of being led in the right path that night; but 
I heard you speak in such a strain of levity, and 
with so muoh coarseness, too, that I went outside 
the house while you were sitting down to your 
evening meal. I stamped my foot upon the 
ground. I said that you were a liar; that Chris- 
tianity was a falsehood; that, if you oould pre- 
tend to be in earnest in the pulpit, and then 
come down and talk like that, the whole thing 
must be a sham. And I have been an infidel," 
said he, "a confirmed infidel from that day to 
this. But I am not an infidel at this moment. I 
know better. I am dying and about to be 
damned; and at the bar of God I will lay my 
damnation to your charge. My blood is npon 
your head." With a dreadful shriek, and a demo- 
niacal glance at the trembling minister he died.— 
Guide to Holiness. 

When a boy I placed the above scrap in my 
Bible that I might frequently be warned against 
"foolish talking aud jesting, which are not con- 
venient." The lives and teachings of elders 
Quinter and Kahler were a power against foolish 
talking and jesting, both among professors and 
outsiders. They being dead, yet speak against 
the sin. O how Bro. Kahler's heart used to 
lament, when talking about a minister, who, by 
his foolish talking and jesting, had beoome the 
ridionle of outsiders I While some one may say, 
" Tell it not in Gatu, publish it not in the streets 
of Askelon," 2 Sam. 1: 20, in the language of 
David I would say, " What have I now done? Is 
there not a cause?" 1 Sam. 17: 29. All Chris- 
tians will say, Y (.si. 


Child-likeness is highest manhood and wom- 
anhood. We have the authority of the Lord J e- 
sus for this assertion, and the best experience of 
the race tends to its confirmation; yet there is a 
natural reiuotauce to aooept this as a prevailing 
truth. We tell a boy to be manly, and a girl to 
be womanly; but we do not tell a man to be boy- 
like, and a woman to be girl-like. Yet it is piti- 
ful to see premature manhood in a boy, or pre- 
mature womanhood in a girl; while it adds a 
charm to the character of a true man to find him 
retaining his boy nature unimpaired to the last, 
and a true woman is all the lovelier for never los- 
ing her true girlhood. Childishness is to be avoid- 
ed in a child, and to be left behind as one ma- 
tnres in life; but child-likeness is alike admirable 
in a child and in an adult. 

The Apostle Paul says: "When I was a child, 
spake as a child, I felt as a child, I thought as 
a child: now that I am become a man, I have put 
away childish things." It is "ohildish" nature, 
not " child-like " nature that is here spoken 
against. But our Lord said to the mature and 
the wise: "Except ye turn end become as little 
children, ye shall in no wise enter into the 
kingdom of heaven; " and he declared that he 
who retains his child nature while receiving the 
highest spiritual truth, "is the greatest in the 
kingdom of heaven." Childishness we should 
shun; child-likeness we should strive after, or 
rather we should not strive away from. 

" Private prayer is the ohannel through which 
the Lord is graciously pleased to convey spirit- 
ual blessing to the soul. He knows all our 
wants, and, without our asking him, oould sup- 
ply them in the best manner, and at the best pos- 
sible time. But he will be inquired of by the 
house of Israel, to do for them according to the 
Said he, "Sir, do you remember after you had [ exceeding great and precions promises he hath 
finished your sermon, that I, with some others, ■ given." 

I ' 


Feb. 7, 1 

Missionary and Tract Work Department. 

"Upon the firat day ol the week, 
let every one ol you lay by bim in 
■tore as God hath prospered Mm, 
that there be no gatherings when 1 
come."—» Cor. 16: t. 

"Every man as he purposeth in 
bta heart, bo let him give. Not 
grudgingly or ol necessity, (or the 
Lord loveth a cheerful giver."— a 
Cor. 9: 7. 

" Every man according to his ability ," " Every one 
fired him." " Everyman, according at lu jurfiosc/H i 
him give." "For 11 there be first a willing mind, it Is a 
to that a man hath, and not according to that lie hath t 

;j God hath pros- 
n his heart, so let 
:cepted according 

Organization of Hissioqary Gonjniittfla, 

DANIEL Vaniman, Foreman, 
D. L Miller, Treasurer, 
Galhn E. Rover, Secretary, 

McPhereon, Kane, 

Mt. Morris, III. 

■ Mt. Morris, 111. 

Organization of Book and Tract Work. 

|»-A11 donations Intended lor Missionary Work should b= sent to 
Galbh B. Roybk, Mt. Morris t 111. 
i^-Ail money lor Tract Work should be sent to 5. Bock, Dsytor.', 

terror towns, as It costs X, centa lo collect them. 

•^-Solicitors are requested to faithfully carry out the plan oJ Annual 
Meeting, that all our members be solicited to contribute at least twice a 

Indifference to our surroundinga and the mor- 
al and spiritual needs of others, in time endaDger 
faith, stunt the moral sensibilities, and destroy 
our charity. Some have made shipwreck of faith, 
which alone becomes active through charity and 
obedience. ^^^^ h. 

Ten thousand nickels, to say nothing of the 
dimes, quarters, half dollars and dollars, may be 
had for the asking by solicitors in the local 
churches, for the Book and Tract Work. Re- 
sponses from two hundred congregations should 
come in within a month to six weeks from this 
date, according to looation, and the readiness of 
overseers and solicitors. H. 


A missionary text, "And this Gospel of the 
kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a 
witness unto all nations, and then shall the end 
come." Matt. 21:11 

If I am Christ's, — I wonder if I am really, — 
and all I have is Christ's, then the question puts 
itself to me, not how much I can spare for mis- 
sions, but how much I can Bpare for self. 

Now is God's time; to-morrow is man's. Yet, if 
you were to start for your work among the heath- 
en io-day, before you could reach your field, six 
millions of psople would have died without the 

The great qualification for evangelization is to 
feel that we can do absolutely nothing, — that it is 
God's work. Learn that lesson early! Be as- 
sured you must learn it before God will use you 
to carry on his own work. — H. P. Beach, of Chi- 

Dear friends, if you know what glory there is 
connected with preaching Jesus to those who nev- 
er heard his Word, you would all, with one ac- 
cord, press on into the regions beyond. If Chris- 
tians could only realiza this great truth, that to 
have the greatest blessings from God, to have the 
most of Jesus in this life, is to strive with 
and main to carry the Gospel into all tho world, 
there would be such a scattering of the Christian | 

people that would set heaven all astir and bring 
the Lord Jesus to claim his prepared bride before 
this century closee."— M. A. Dean, of ihe Soudan. 

Men and women, like trees, cast their shadows. 
That one, who is of no service to the church at 
home, need not hope to amount to very much in 
the heathen field. Good home missionaries make 
very good foreign missionaries. Verily, missions 
begin at home. 

Consider the dangers, consider the hardships 
consider the Buffering, consider the privations, 
consider the unappreciated labor, consider what 
could be done at home, consider, consider, consid- 

I But God sounds loudly, Go, and if you don't, 
he may consider you a disobedient servant. 

To those who look forward with some hope, and 
anxiety, too, to the time when they may be active 
missionaries in the field, and to those who only 
occasionally think they would like to become mis- 
sionaries, we offer a few suggestions: 

1. Pray daily for God to hasten the day when 
the GoBpel shall be preached to every creature. 

2. Pray daily that God should raise up workers 
for his vineyard. 

3. Pray daily that God should prepare you for 
fuller service. 

4. Study the Bible with special reference to 

6. Mark all the missionary verses. 

G. Bead missionary books. "The Crisis of 
Missions," "The Miracles of Missions," "Life of 
Judson," "Memoirs of Brainerd," "In Brightest 
Asia," and others, are very good. 

7. Head all the mission news in the Messenger. 

8. Head missionary papers. The Missionary 
Review of ihe World ia the beat undenomination- 
al magazine we know of. 

9. Do something for missions now. 

10. Daily pray for spiritual insight and thirst 
for souls. 

" Please don't go to Africa, China, or India, if 
it is going to make any difference to you, when 
you get there, what kind of a room you get, and 
how your food is cooked, and whether you have 
all the comforts of American home life or not. 

" You. do not go to India to have a nice h 
and a 12x20 room, and a nice rocking-chair and a 
soft bed ; but you go to endure hardness and win 
soula, and if your whole heart is set on that, you 
will be satisfied without a good many other 
things, if you could only have souls. 

" And don't go if you are going to fret because 
you cannot have immediate service. You should 
already have learned to be quiet with the Lord, 
even for months together without pining. Some 
young Christians are so much more consecrated 
to their work than to their Lord, that their love 
burns low when they are not in the whirl of serv- 
ice and they need to be constantly rushing round 
to keep from backsliding. 

You shall have to be quiet in India and China 
for long months with your Lord, your Bible, and 
your native teacher, and learn to enjoy the still- 
ness, and in the waiting hours to plant seeds of 
prayer and faith, that will bear a glorious harvest 
in the coming years. 

" A soul that does not know how to be still with 
God does not know how to serve. Every mission- 
ary must know how to suffer and to wait." — Mis- 

sionary Weekly. 

* * * 

" I entered once a home of care 
For age and penury were there, 

Yet peace and joy withal ; 
I asked the lonely mother whence 
Her helpless widowhood's defense, 

She told me ' Christ is all."* 

11 I saw the martyr at the stake, 
The flames could rot his courage shake, 

Nor death his soul appal; 
I asked him whence his strength was glv. 
He looked triumphantly to heaven 
And answered, ' Christ is all.' " 
" I saw the Gospel herald go, — 
To Afric's sand and Greenland's snow, 

To save from Satan's thrall; 
Nor home nor life he counted dear, 
'Midst wants and perils owned no fear, 
We felt that ' Christ is all.' " 


In some lines Tract Work matters are ma 
fair progress; in others, they are slower and 
flattering. Hence, in view of evening then 
somewhat more, it would seem necessary to 
out an occasional reminder, and thus stir up ' 
pure minds " concerning these things. At 
end of the line we are putting forth considei 
effort to move matters forward in the good ct 
notwithstanding we have said but little in the 
per recently, respecting either the circulating 
tereats or the financial demands of the institu 
Bat at the other end of the line, speaking in 
eral terms, matters are painfully Black, and al 
ab a standstill. There is an unusual slacl 
manifest, upon the part of a large majority, 
especially eo of the more wealthy local chur 
to solicit and forward expected annual cont 
tions. Large sums are not c-xpeeted from e 
individual member; Bmall amounts will be ol 
fully given by all upon the askiDg. 

It is the little drops of water, regularly con 
uted by the clouds, which keep up the fertilii 
mighty continents. Likewise nickels, regu 
put into the Lord's treasury, make up the 
great channel of means by which the Glad Tk 
may be sent into all the world. Paul says, " 
aa the Lord has prospered." That means 
brother; you, sister. Has he not blessed his 
pie? Has he not blessed you? Indeed, hav 
not all received from him grace for grace? H 
should we not also be ready and willing to as 
ly share wifch him of such means as we ha 1 
give, and with which to promote the spiritual 
fare of Iniinamty? There are numerous entei 
es of various kinds in the land, in which bre' 
are more or less interested, invest money, an 
bor hard to promote, and which, too, are fai 
worthy of our meana, time and prayers, than 
noble work of our beloved Fraternity, fo: 
wider dissemination of God's Word. Son 
these, doubtless, frequently receive more i 
tion from us than we are inclined to beBtow 
the good cause. In all such cases it is 1 
feared, our rejoicing (boasting), accordin 
Paul, is not in the Lord, but, instead, in our 
et-books, or aome seGular cause in preference 
It is extremely dangerous to our professioi 
faith, our soul, as well as a mpst fruitful am 
hallowed source of displeasure to God, for us 
low our individual preferences and inelinati< 
remissness in these things, to draw away 
minds from the Truth, absorb our energies 
thus cause us to protracted neglect of our < 
to God. 

Protracted supinenesa leads to want, discc 
and death. Life eternal is upward, forward 
obtain it, requires effort, charity and faithfu 
By works of benevolence we not only demon 
our faith to the needy, but also develop tht 
itaal energies, and make manifest our most 
sible, inmost desires of the soul. 

The beat institutions we have in the land i 
I kind and character, Christ-like and Christ-gr 
having for their chief aims the saving of 
Institutions of this kind should never, i 
| least, be permitted to want for abundant I 

necessary to make them not only useful, but also 
a great moral and spiritual power for good. 

It is not only the laity, whether brethren or sis- 
ters, not only deacons and ministers, whom God 
has called to daty and faithfulness, as "toorkcrs 
together with him" bat also bishopB whom the 
Holy Ghost has made overseers of this work. h. 



Paul would associate deacons with bishops. 
(Philpp. 1: 1.) The work and prosperity of the 
church largely depends upon faithful men, who 
are willing to hazard their lives for the cause of 

The seven deacons (or table servants) who wore 
chosen in Acta 6: 1-i, were to be ''men of honest 
report," and "full of the Holy Ghost, and wis- 
dom." Paul regarded a deacon's office as being 
of much weight in the church. A deacon must be 
"grave" (that is, solemn, sober, serious). 1 Tim. 
3:8. I know oE no set of officers more useful and 
more needed than deacons. No wonder Paul calls 
them, with the bit-hops, in administering "grace 
and peace from God the Father, and from the 
Lord Jesus Christ." 

A bishop is an overseer, or presiding officer. 
His duty is to faithfully preach the "Word, and to 
care for the wants of all the membership, etc. A 
deacon's calling ia Bimilar,— to keep a watchful 
eye over the church, looking after the wants of 
the poor, visiting the sick, reporting visits to the 
church, etc. Hence Paul would speak of them 
"with the bishops and deacons." 

A deacon often finds matters of difficulty, that 
he is called upon to settle. Often one or two dea- 
con brethren are called upon by an offended mem- 
ber to go with him to help settle a difficulty be- 
tween him and a second party. How necessary, 
then, that a deacon will exercise good judgment 
and wisdom, in helping to make peace! 

Again, on the many visits they are called upon 
to make, how often they meet with strong oppooi- 
tion! Often their patience is tried, and many 
hours are spent in trying to effect a reconciliation. 
In their calling to visit the sick, how carefal 
should they be, and offer a word cf encourage- 
ment! It will b9 their duty to engage in ds 
tional exercises. 

A sister told me when she was sick, a deacon 
brother came and paid her a visit. She requested 
the reading of a chapter and prayer. "Oh," i 
he, " I oannot pray 1 " What a shock that was to 
her, — to think that here was one of the Lord's 
servants who could nob pray. I would not call 
such faithful deacons. He could not &b much as 
repeat the Lord's Prayer. What a poor light to 
the world! 

In my travels I am sometimes left without any 
minister, and frequently call on a deacon to pray, 
When I get into a district where they have Bible- 
reading or prayer-meeting, there is no trouble to 
get some one to lead, but where the church has 
none of those helps, and ia opposed to such wise 
steps that are allowed and advised by Conference, 
then I am often left to do all the preaehiDg, all 
the singiDg, all the reading, and all the praying. 
In a few instances, by all appearances, ihey wani- 
ed me to do all the hearing. But such tluDgs 
curred only a few times. Then I felt like seeking 
the dust from my feet as a testimony against 

Deacons who are "faithful" will, with the min- 
ister, commence this good work of prayer at home 
around the family altar. "But," says some good 
brother, "I cannot pray at home, neither can I 
pray or ask a blessing at the table." If some one 
would rap at the door, you could ask him to come 

in aud be seated. I am sure. Why not ask God to 
bless that meal to your benefit, etc.? I knew a 
brother who was elected to the ministry, who at 
first could not ask a blessing at the table, but 
would not eat one meal without first reading one 

two verse3 from the Bible. By so doiug, he 
made himself efficient, aud in after-years he be- 
came one of the leading ministers of our Brother- 
hood. What the Lord did for that faithful broth- 
er, ho will do for all those who act wisely, and ask 
him for that "wisdom that cometh down from 
above." The world will soon find out our calling, 
and if we are not "faithful," what a great hinder- 
ance it will be to our Christian work! 

Little children will soon notioe such neglect. 
A young brother told me, while he was at home, 
living with his father, his little son (who was on- 
ly two and one-half yoars old), one morning asked 
him, after they had moved a few rods away, 
"Why don't you talk like grandpa does, before 
we eat?" (Grandpa was a deacon brother, and 
the little grandchild had learned a good lesson.) 
But the young brother at that time was no mem- 
ber and did not teach his son this noble lesBon. 
These few words the child spoke to his father, 
were a powerful sermon. Little children often 
preach bucAi stirring little sermons, that will 
awaken those of mature years. 

The church must have faithful men to carry on 
the good work of the Lord. A deacon must be 
"honest," that is, of "good report," full of the 
Holy Ghost. A deacon, as well as the minister, 
rnu&t be of good report. We cannot accomplish 
much unless we bear a good report, and are full 
of the Holy Ghost. If a man is full of the Holy 
Ghost, there is no room for "jesting and joking ' : 
or "foolish talking," but rather giving of thanks. 
"From the abundance of the heart the mouth 
speaketb." If much of such light talking, or lev- 
ity is in us, the Holy Ghost has no place. 

Deacons are a good set of officers to superin- 
tend Sunday-schools, hut I have heard some eay, 
"We cannot superintend a school, or offer a pub- 
lit prayer." If you caunot offer a public prayer, 
call on some one else. If none will lead, call on 
a young Bister. My' experience is, a sister will 
try harder than some brethren to carry on the 

A faithful deaoon will be Bure, and not appear 
like the world in his business arrangements. 
Query 10, of 1887. will give the deacon brethren 
the same instruction, that query 1, of 1877, 
("Classified Minutes," page 133), does to minis, 
tors. Our Annual Meeting works upon the same 
basis that Paul does in Philpp. 1:1. A deacon 
cannot conscientiously pay a visit to a sister up 
on pride, if he uses tobacco. ("Classified Min- 
utes," page 298, Art. ID ) 

I remember a brother deacon, who was sent to 
visit a sister in regard to some fashionable dress, 
Baying Bhe had to put that away, as it was wrong 
and an offense to some. The sister replied, " You 
have no right to visit me concerning my head 
dress, as long as you have an evil as bad, or worse, 
about you." To this the brother replied. 
"What have I about me that is objectionable? ,: 
The reply was, " Annual Meeting has passed a de- 
cision that no brother using tobacco, can visit a 
sister on pride." That brother was obliged to 
port back that he was not the proper person to 
pay such visits. Suffice it to say, that it was the 
last time that brother undertook such visits, until 
he freed himaelf from the weed. Now he can ad- 
minister all visits, as all " faithful "deacons should. 

What a wonderful training up can be done 
among the workers in the church! "Be thou 
faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown 
of life." "God is faithful" (1 Cor. 1-9), and so 
must his children be " faithful." Eph. 1: 1. 
What great good the church could do, if we all 

would work ss faithful children in the blessed 
cause of Christ! 
Gosheyi, Ind. 



A little over one year ago, when brother and 
sister D. L. Miller were visiting the churches in 
Europe, they were present at the laying out of the 
ground for a meeting-house near Wanneberga. 
Some will remember that Bro. Miller in his letters 
told iib that he helped to stake off the ground for 
the meeting-hon.Be. Notice was given through 
the Messenger that help would be needed in 
building the houae, aud tho Committee received 
Borne very liberal donations from several of our 
brethren and sisters, who are interested in the 
work over there. On last Christmas the houBe 
was dedicated. 

Concerning the dedication I clip from Bro. 
John Olsson's letter, "On OhristmaB, Dec. 25, 
1892, we dedicated our new meetiug-houae in Wan- 
neberga. We had three meetings that day aud a 
very good love-feast iu tho evening. Twenty-nine 
members oommnued. The house is a very good 
one, and the church unites iu sending our dear 
brethren in America their heart-felt thanks." 

I believe that all interested in the work feel to 
rejoice that the members iu Sweden have a place 
iu which to worship. This will be an inspiration 
to their work. Already a number have been add- 
ed to the church, some of whom are members of 
considerable property. We mention this only to 
give an idea, to our Brethren in America, into 
what channel the Gospel ia running over there. 
Besides their share in building the house during 
the past year, the church at that place sends in 
the same letter 22 krouers, or S5.90 to the General 
Miasion fund. While struggling at home to build 
up themselves, they do not forget others. How 
often, in America, have churches, much better 
situated, having greater prosperity in worldly 
things than all Europe has had during the past 
few years, not done as well as Uuhq! Too often 
we hear the excuse presented that, since we are 
building, we shall not give anything to the Lord's 
work. It seems to me that such would be the 
very time when we should give to the Lord. Be- 
cause we are helping ourselves is no reason why 
we should neglect God. It ia, rather, a great rea- 
son why we should remember him. It is he who 
blessed ua, so that we might better our own sur- 
roundings. It is he who permits us to have what 
we have. Because of this we should not forget 

The close of the letter shows the spirit of their 
work over there: " I am glad to tell you that all 
is well in the church, both here and in Malmo, 
and we send much love. Our prayer is, that the 
good Lord may help ua in the coming year to live 
more faithful than we did during the year now 
past. God grant that it may be so. Amen." 

The churches in Denmark are doing well also, 
and some time I may have something to say con- 
cerning their work. , 

Some people are too much for turning men and 
women out of the church just because they do 
not come up to the highest standard. While we 
should all strive for perfection, we should never 
place the standard so high that the one-talented 
cannot reach it. The kingdom of heaven is for 
the little oneB, as well a3 tho great. We should 
help people to grow iu grace and in the knowledge 
of the truth. 

The Gospel Messenger, 

A Weekly at $1.50 Per Annum. 
The Brethren's Publishing Co. 

Office Editor. 


J. B. Brumbaugh, | 
J. G. Rovbr, | 
JOSEPH AMICK, Business Manager, 

Associate Editors. 

WCoinmunkaliunB (or publication should lie legibly wiitten with 
block Ink on ono side of the paper only. Do not attempt to interline, or 
to put on one page what ought to occupy two. 

jyAnonymoua communications will not be published. 

^F"Do not mix business with articles tor publication. Keep your 
communications on separate sheets from all business. 

^T"Timc Is precious. We always have time to attend to business and 
to answer questions ol Importance, but please do not subject us to need 
less answering of letters. 

SWThc Mhssunger Is mailed each week to all subscribers. II the ad- 
dress Is correctly entered on our list, the paper must reach the person to 
whom it Is addressed. If you do not get your paper, write us, giving par- 

fyWhen changing your address, please give your former as well as 
your future address in full, so as to avoid delay and misunderstanding. 

IV Always remit to the office from which you order your goods, no 
matter from where you receive them. 

|-_r-Dn not send personal checks or drafts on Inferior banks, unless you 
send with them a$ cents each, to pay lor collection. 

^"Remittances should be made by Post-office Money Order, Drafts 
on New York, Philadelphia or Chicago, or Registered Letters, made pay- 
able and addressed to " Brethren's Publishing Co., Mount Morris, 111,," 
or " Brethren's Publishing Co., Huntingdon, Pa." 

^"Entered at the Post-office at Mount Morris, 111,, as second-class 

Mount Morrli, III, 

Feb. 7, 1893. 

Bro, J. G. Royer is now at McPhereon, Kane., 
delivering Borne discourse 3 before the Bible Term 
at that place. 

Bno. John Neher, of Virden, III, wishes us to 
announce that after March 1 his address will be 
changed to Oerro Gordo, 111. 

We are still receiving many orders for that ex- 
cellent little book, " Alone with God." We have 
sold nearly one thousand copies. 

The article on " Revivals," credited to Bro. J. 
8. Mohler in last issue, should have been given as 
"selected" by him. The mistake was uninten- 

Bro. W. A. Anthony, of Falling Spring church, 
Pa., writes, " We have received ten more into the 
church by the rite of Christian baptism since my 
last report, and there are more to follow." 

We invite special attention to Bro. Noah Long- 
anecker's article on " Jesting " in this issue. We 
trust no minister will fail to read and profit by it. 
Some ministers ought to read it every week for a 

All of our readers should procure copies of 
" The Brethren's Tracts " in book form. The vol- 
ume may be studied to advantage by any one. It 
is just the book to lend to any one seeking the 

OCR aeries of meetings at the Chapel is still 
in progress, with eleven additions and the very 
best of interest. Bro. Teeter is doing some ex- 
cellent preaching and it is greatly appreciated. 
Most of those who came forward have been bap- 

Some of those little preachers, who have been 
trying to ape Sam Jones and his like, may read 
the following with profit, clipped from a secular 
paper: "Sam Small has left off evangelism, and 
returned to journalism, which he ought never to 
have left. If now Sam Jones should return to the 
law, the cause of pure and undefiled religious lan- 
guage and literature would donbtlesB receive a 
wholesome impulse." 

Mr. Moody is said to be very scrupulous about 
traveling on Sunday, no matter how impatient he 
may be, or how worthy the mission on which he is 

We know a brother who gives one-tenth of his 
net income to the Lord. That brother is pros- 
pering more than any other man in that commun- 
ity. It pays the Lord to prosper a man of that 

Bro. I. W. Leatherman, of Kansas, is visiting 
the members in the different localities in Florida. 
From Orchard, on the Indian River, he went to 
Bowling Green, where a few members are lining. 
From there he thought of going to Tampa and St. 

Are our ministers giving serious thought to the 
proper care of the young converts that are being 
received into the church? If they are not, they 
are certainly neglecting a very important duty. 
To them the Scriptures say, " Feed my lamba;" 
"Feed my sheep." 

Bro. J. S. Mohler has consented to Bpend 
some weeks with the Brethren at Denver, Colora- 
do, and labor for them in word and doctrine. The 
field is much in need of an efficient worker, and it 
is to be hopsd that Bro. Mohler may be the means 
of gathering many into the fold. 

In this issue we had intended to commence Bro. 
A. W. Vaniman'B chapter on the "Subjects and 
Design of Baptism," but not reaching us in time, 
we give the first part of Bro. J. 8. Mohler's arti- 
cle on " Man's Need of a Savior." The closing 
part of the article will appear next week. 

Bro. J. S. Snyder, of Missouri Valley, Iowa, 
has just returned from Southern California and 
Arizona. He reports a pleasant trip and some 
ery enjoyable seasons of worship with the Breth- 
ren in both of these places. He speaks encour- 
agingly of the interest in Arizona as well as in 
California. ^ 

Bro, Jacob Mishler, of Mogadore, Ohio, writes 
that there are abont thirty cases of small-pox in 
Akron, and much excitement prevails. The town 
presents a deserted appearance and but little bus- 
iness is transacted, but great precaution is taken 
to prevent any further spread of the disease. 

Speaking of his Bheep Jesus says, " A stranger 
will they not follow, but will flee from him." The 
way some professing Christians are running after 
the world seems to indicate that they prefer to 
follow the stranger rather than Jesus. As straws 
show which way the wind blows, so the movements 
of the people show what they think most of. 

The elder ought to be the most active man in 
the church, for the success of the congregation de- 
pends largely upon his skill. He should not be 
so young as to lack judgment, nor should he be so 
old and feeble as to incapacitate him- for the per- 
formance of his duties. If he is slack, the work 
lags and many things are neglected. All of our 
elders, who are growing old, should see that oth- 
ers are ordained to take their place, so that the 
work be not hindered for the want of proper orfi- 

In a card from Phcenix, Arizona, dated Jan. 24, 
Bro. Peter Forney says: "My health, since in this 
Valley, is much better. This is a wonderful laud 
for sunshine. Cottonwood trees are in bloom. 
Bees are working as though it were summer. 
Grass, in places, is ten incheB high. Thousands 
of acres are planted to semi-tropical fruits. Peo- 
ple are very busy plowing and seeding. It is the 
wrong season of the year to hold series of meet- 
ings. People are too busy to attend. I am told 
that the most leisure time is in July and August," 

In a private letter written from Keuka, 
Bro. Hutchison says that be is feeling very ] 
better than he did in the North. He is glad 
he went Bouth, and feels like thanking ever; 
who, in any way, assisted him in escaping 
the severe cold that we are now enduring, 
meetings are well attended and interesting. 

Br.o. W. B. Stover, of Germantown, Pa., 
with us a few days last week. He report 
church at Germantown in an encouraging c 
tion. Eight have been received into the ch 
since he entered upon the work. At presen 
congregation numbers about twenty-nine, hi 
regular services and an interesting Sunday-sc 

Those who are so greatly concerned about 
becomes of the money paid to the General 
sion Board and Tract Work, should carefullj 
amine their reports, as published in the Mb 
of the Annual Meeting. There will be fou 
report of what becomes of every cent. The 
no use of any one being mistaken about a m 
of this kind. 

"Blessed are the pure in heart," said tht 
who knew what was in the heart. But hov 
people have pure hearts when they are const 
thinking of and talking about the faults of ot 
There can be no pure heartB without 
thoughts and pnre conversation. He, who h 
ually talks of the faultB of others, is not only 
ing in the unquestionable filth of converse 
but is striving to contaminate other hearts 
the same impurities that fill his. If we eve 
peot to reach heaven where all is pure, let us 
to keep our hearts pure. 

Three weeks ago we published two short 
cles from B. C. Moomaw, in which he stated 
at their feaBt they "had no tableB for the su 
but instead served neat little sandwiches of 
and bread, neatly wrapped in tissue paper, v 
were handed to the members on waiters, co 1 
with a clean, white napkin." He now wisht 
to make a correction and Btate that they hat 
table, and that "the members were gatl 
around this table in the form of a hollow sq 
instead of taking the food themselves it was 1 
ed to them by the ministering brethren." 
make the correction, adding, however, that 
ment is scarcely necessary. One more ste 
this direction will dispense with the supper 

Bro. David B. Puterbaugh and wife, of 
Pherson, Kana,, reached Mt, Morris several 
ago and at once took charge of the Old Pe( 
Home. They left their home and num< 
friends in the West with many regretB. " 
Kate," as everybody calls her, says it was ha 
pull away from such good neighbors as the; 
in Kansas. We visited them a few days ag< 
f onnd them about as comfortably situated as 
could desire. The Home is surely a model I 
ing and will prove a home indeed for the 
poor. The building is neat, comfortable and 
venient, and heated by hot water in a mt 
which enables the manager to maintain a un: 
temperature in all parts of the house, both 
and night when necessary. Certainly no one. 
1b a church charge, will refuse to enter this j 
ant institution. We think that brother and i 
Puterbaugh are the right persons in the 
place. They enter upon their duties cheer 
fully resolved to*make themeelves useful, anc 
der the Home both inviting and pleasant t< 
inmates. While it is not the business of the 
senger to beg for this or any other institi 
we will, however, remind the members that 
is always an opening here to do good and h< 
feed and make comfortable the poor. 

Years ago a blind man came to our meeting- 
bouee to conduct a singing-class. He was an ex- 
pert in music and knew how to teach it. His 
books were made for the blind. By passing his 
fingers over the raised lines he could read readily. 
He needed no light to read by. The first evening 
the lamps in the meeting- ho u 66 gave very poor 
light, so much so that most people could not see 
to read. The blind teacher did not know the dif- 
ference. He called out the number of the hymn 
and proceeded to Bing. As the people could not 
see well but few of them helped to sing. A 
preacher in the congregation then rose up and re- 
marked that the blind man was more fortunate 
than most people, for he could read whether there 
was any light or not. Everybody smiled. The 
blind man said he never thought of it in that way 
before. Possibly more of us might take that vitw 
of our misfortunes. Paul said, lest he should be 
exalted above measure there was given to him a 
thorn in the flesh. 2 Oor. 12: 7. 


When single Immersion was Invented, how was it first per- 
formed? Was It backward, forward, or kneeling? 

Geo. Renner. 
Single immersion was invented by Eunomius 
about the year A. D. 360. It was administered 
into the name of the Lord Jesus only. The bap- 
tismal formula, "Into the name of the Father, 
and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost,"' was not 
associated with single immersion until about the 
year A. D. 633. The backward action was first 
introduced among the English Baptists in the six- 
teenth century, — not earlier than the year 1522. 
It is therefore not yet 400 years old, being by far 
the youngest mode of baptism now in use. It is 
not half as old as either sprinkling or pouring. 

This Eunomius, mentioned above, was the 
founder of the sect known as Eunomiane. Con- 
cerning their manner of baptizing Dr. Wall, the 
learned historian, in his "History of Infant Bap- 
tism," Vol. 1, pp. 593, 594, says: 

" The Eunomians had the oddest way of bap- 
tizing that ever was heard of. For besides that 
they differed from all other Christians in the 
words used at baptism, one sect of them baptizing 
only in the name of Christ, as I said; another sect, 
instead of Baying, 'In the name of the Father, 
and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit,' expressed 
their own impious opinions in these words: 'In 
the name of the uncreated God, and in the name 
of his created Son, and in the name of the sancti- 
fying Spirit, created by the Son, who is himself 
created.' Besides this, their manner of baptizing 
was to plunge the person but once into the water: 
and that not all his body neither. For they said, 
all the parts of the body below the waist are 
abominable, and must not touch the water: go 
they used to uncover the person to the waist; and 
then holding his heels upwards, and hia head 
downward, they dipped him into the font as far 
as the waist. They continued this custom till a 
ridiculous accident happened: a heavy and un- 
wieldy man coming to be baptized, they that were 
to hold him with his head downward let him fall, 
and he broke his head against the bottom of the 
font. To prevent which mischance for the future, 
they invented another way. It was much the 
same as one of the devices with which the Dutch 
are said to have tortured the English at Amboy- 
na: only the muffler waB larger. They tied one 
end of it about his waist, and turning the other 
open end upwards, they poured in water till it 
covered the head of the person. So it pleases 
God to suffer heretics to be infatuated, that must 

Judson, the noted Baptist missionary, has this 
to Bay concerning the correct posture in baptism: 
"Immersion, however, maintained its ground 
until the middle of the seventeenth century, when 
the Westminster Assembly of Divines voted, by a 
majority of one, that immersion and sprinkling 
were indifferent. Previous to that period, the 
Baptists had formed churches in different parts of 
the country; and having always Been infants, when 
baptized, taken in the hands of the administrator, 
and laid under the water, in the baptismal font, 
and not having much, if any, communication with 
the Bapti%is on the continent, they thought, of 
course, that a candidate for baptism, though a 
grown person, should be treated in the same man- 
ner, and laid backward under the water. They 
were probably confirmed in this idea by the 
phrase, 'buried in baptism.' The consequence 
has been that all the Baptists in the world, who 
have sprung from the English Baptists, have prac- 
ticed the backward posture. But from the begin 
ning it wbb not so. In the apostolic times, th« 
administrator placed his right hand on the head 
of the candidate, who then, under the pressure of 
the administrator's hand, bowed forward, aided 
by that genuflection which instinctively comes to 
one's aid, when attempting to bow in the practice, 
until his head was submerged, and rose by his 
own effort." (Judson on "Baptism," p. 112.) 

From tbe ChristianVtandard, o£lS70, we glean 
the following: "It is well known that when Dr. 
JudBon engaged himself to Fanny Forrester she 
was a Presbyterian. She was baptized by D 
Judson in the church at Utica. He baptized her 
by dipping her forward. It gave great scandal to 
the old line Baptists. But Dr. Judson defended 
the practice as Eastern and apostolic, and said it 
was the mode in which all the conveitg in Bur- 
mah were introduced into the church. It will 
thus be seen tha r . Dr. Judson not only believed 
that the apostles used the forward posture in bap. 
tism, but also practiced that form. 

To the above we wish to add tho testimony of 
Dr. Robinaon, tbe most learned of Baptist histor- 
ians. He is writing concerning the origin of 
backward immersion. 

" The first English Baptists, when they read the 
phrase, buried in baptism, instantly thought of an 
English burial, and, therefore, baptized by lajiug 
the body [backward] in the form of burying in 
their own country, but they might have observed 
that Paul wrote to the Romans, and that Romans 
did not bury, but burned the dead, and buried 
nothing of the dead but their ashes in urne, so 
that no fair reasoning on the form of baptizing 
can be drawn from the mode of burying tho dead 
in England." ("History of Baptism," p. 696 ) 

In opposition to theBe historical statements we 
know no testimony, human or divine. Among tbe 
Eunomians, where single immersion was first 
used, everything possible was done to make their 
manner of baptizing appear different from the 
form handed down from the apostles, bnfc they 
never dreamed of such a departure as laying tbe 
candidate backward in the water. 

The extensive use of the backward action in 
America and parts of Europe shows how easy it 
is for an error to spread when it once becomeB 
popular. We have heard men in the pulpit de- 
nounce sprinkling and pouring, claiming that they 
were not apostolic, and yet inside of half an hour 
the same men might be seen in a pool, administer- 
ing the backward form of baptism, which is not 
yet 400 years old. It is strange that they will de- 
nounce what they conceive to be errors, and be- 
fore the same audience practice one that is many 
times greater 1 J- h. m. 


No. 30.-The Portrait of Our Lord. 
Man? years ago we were interested in a state- 
ment made by one of our ministers as to the 
personal appearance of our Savior. Since then 
we have, as opportunity offered, made such study 
and investigation of the subject, as time and 
means admitted. The question, Is there an au- 
thentic portrait of our Lord in existence?— is of 
more than common interest. The church of 
Rome holds that there is, and, while in the Im- 
perial City, we had excellent opportunity to care- 
fully examine the subject. We saw a number of 
these so-called portraits, and one only need ex- 
amine them, and note the differences in them, to 
come to the conclusion that, to say the very least, 
it is not at all likely that there is a true repre- 
sentation of the head of our Savior in existence. 

We were also fortuuate during our stay in 
Rome, to receive some very valuable information 
on this subject from Dr. Forbes, and we propose 
to give to our readers the benefit of the research- 
es made by him on this Bubject. The informa- 
tion here given may be considered as entirely re- 
liable, and is well worth a careful study. We 
would suggest that those who are especially in- 
terested in the subject, preserve thiB article for 
future reference, as it is the result of a painstak- 
ing investigation of the whole question. The doc- 
tor Bays: 

" It may seem strange to many that none of 
the Lord's disciples describe his appearance, al- 
though there are pretended descriptive portraits of 
him, written at a later date. Isaiah foretells his 
appearance, and his are the only references in the 
Sacred Scriptures that tell us what the Son of 
Man was like personally, 
marred more than any man 
than the Bona of men.' 52: 
form nor comeliness; and whei 
there is no beauty that 

" This was exactly the way 
Bazantine artists portrayed Christ, mi for exam- 
ple in the fifth century mosaic on the arch of tri- 
umph, in the chnrchof St. Paul without the walls. 
"Lampridius, in his life of Alexander Severus, 
Bpeaks of that emperor having a bust of Christ in 
the chapel of hia household gods. This proves 
that portraits of our Savior, either true or ideal, 
were existing in tbe third century. St. John Da- 
maecenus, in the eighth century, Bpoaks of a por- 
trait that ConBtantiue had done from a supposed 
'description of Christ, written to the Roman Sen- 
ate by Publius Lentalus, proconsul of Judea be- 
fore Herod.' We have failed to trace any such 
proconsul, but it is the oldest description of the 
Lord extant, most probably late in the second 
century when all sorts of apocryphal writings 
were circulated. 

At this time appeared a mau wbo ie still iiv- 
and endowed with mighty power; his name 
is Jesus Christ. His disciples call bioi the Son 
of God; others regard him as a powerful prophet, 
raises the dead to life and heals tho sick of 
every description of infirmity and disease. This 
man is of lofty stature and well proportioned; his 
countenance, severe and virtuous, so that he in- 
spires beholders with feelings both of fear and love. 
The hair of his head is of the color of wine, and 
from the top of the head to the ears, straight and 
without radiance, but it descends from the ears to 
the shoulders in shining curls. From the flhoul- 
ders the hair flows dowu the back, divided into two 
portions, after the manner of the Nazarenes; his 

' His visage was so 
and his form more 
1 He hath no 

■■ hIph.ii see him, 
;-honld desire him.' 

vhich the early 


forehead is clear and without wrinkle, his face free 
from blemish, and slightly tinged with red, bis 
physiognomy noble and gracious. The nose and 
mouth faultless, hie beard is abundant, the tame 
color as the hair and forked. Hie eyes blue and 
very brilliant In reproving or censuring, he ie 
awe-inspiring; in exhorting and teaching, hie 
speech ia gentle and caressing. His countenance 
is marvelous in seriousness and grace. He has 
never once been Been to laugh; but many have 
seen him weep. He is slender in person, has 
hands straight and long, his arms beautiful. 
Grave and solemn in his discourse, hie language 
is simple and quiet. He \o, in appearance, the 
moat beautiful of the children of men. — Codex 
Apocryphus Now. Test, ah Ftibricium, 1703, pi. J, 
page 301. 

"In the Apocryphal New Testament there are 
epistles supposed to have been written by Jesus 
and Abgarue, King of Edessa. They are quoted 
by Eusebius, and John Damascenus adde that 
'Abgarue charged his meBaeDger to employ some 
artist to make a portrait of our Lord Jesus, from 
whom nothing ie hidden, and to whom nothing ie 
impossible, being aware of the intention of Ab- 
garus; took a piece of linen, applied it to his face, 
and depicted thereon his own image. This very 
portrait ie in exietence at the present day, and 
in perfect preservation.' We remember photo- 
graphs of this pretended portrait being sold in 
London some years ago. It was said to be pre- 
served in the church of Silvestro in Oapite, 
Rome, till 1870 when it waB removed to the Vati- 
can. In 8. Praeeede ie a miniature on a texture, 
but the features are obliterated; it shows a figure 
in outline down to the waist. This is also 
claimed to have been sent by Christ to Abgarue. 
This naturally reminds us of the Btory of St 
Veronica, who ie said to have wiped the Savior's 
face on his way to Golgotha, and that the im- 
pression of his features remained on her hand- 
kerchief. This ie displayed on grand occasions 
at St Peter's, and fac-similes can be bought iu 
the Roman shops. We may aleo consider ae of 
the second century the rare bronze medal upon 
which the Lord's profile is engraved. ThiB me- 
dallion was exhibited iu Rome, in the time of 
Pope Julius II, and has been diBoussed by vari- 
ous writers in the 17th and 18th centuries, though 
its story is comparatively little known now. It 
will be found engraved and described in the R9v. 
R. Walsh's essay on ancient coine, 1828, he hav 
ing bought it of a Jew at RoBtoc. In 1700 one 
was dug up at the ancient circus of Brin-gwin in 
Wales, and eent by Rowland to Luid, at the Aeh- 
molean Mueeum at Oxford, but it was lost in 
transit. Another was found in 1812 at Friars- 
walk, in Cork. The style of this medallion bIiows 
that it cannot be later than the age of the Anto- 
ninee, eay 180 A. D.; it was not a piece of money, 
but a talieman to be worn ae a charm. One im- 
pression, in the possession of Mrs. T. W. VeBsey, 
Bristol, has a hole in it, bo that it could be sus- 
pended round the neck. 

" The reverBe of the medal has written, in He- 
brew characters, in five lines, 'The MesBiah has 
reigned, he came in peace, and, being made the 
Light of man, he lives.' On the obverse is the 
head of our Lord in profile, to the left, as de- 
scribed by Lentulue. On the left field is written 
in Hebrew Jesus, and on the right, the letter 
aleph, the initial of Adonar, Lord. The portrait 
on this medallion has become received in west- 
ern art as the type likeness of Christ, the Bazan- 
tine artists making their heads cf Jesus more 
round, of which there are many specimens in the 
moeaics of Rome. We are rather inclined to 
think that the letter of Lentnlns and the medal- 
lion are of the same origin, and made to fit one 
Bnother. The Christians of the first and early part 

of the eecond century certainly had no p-ririits 
of Christ, the Jewish influence, and the eecoad 
commandment would prohibit that. 

" We now como bRck to the first century, to 
the days of the Messiah, to inqaire if any por- 
trait nf our Lord was made in his life-time; and 
if so, if any trace of it ie existing We think it. 
improbable that any of the apoBtles should have 
painted the features of Jeeus, and those paint- 
ings, attributed to St Lnke, are pious fraude. Of 
all these, and there are many, that at the Scala 
Sancta is said to have been done by St. Luke in 
outline, and that invisible hands rilled in the 
colored during his absence from the studio. It 
ie a late Bazantine portrait, a pear-shaped head 
with beard and imietache. Wood-cuts and pho- 
tographs of it are sold at the Scala Sancta. 

"Eusebiua, bishop of Ctesarea, in the days of 
Constant ine, speaks of having seen 'represen- 
tations, of the Apostles Peter and Pan), and of 
Christ himself, still preserved iu paintings. He 
also speaks of a statue of Jesus at Gesarea Phi- 
lippi, ae follower ' ' They say that the woman who 
had an issue of blood, mentioned by the evangel- 
ist?, and who obtained deliverance from her af- 
fliction by our Savior, was a native of this place, 
and that her house is shown in the city, and th9 
wonderful monuments of our Savior's benefit to 
her are still remaining. At the gates of her 
house, on an elevated stone, stands a bronze im- 
age of a woman on her bended knee, with her 
hands stretched out before her like one entreat- 
ing. Opposite to this there is another bronze 
Btatue of a man, erect, decently clad iu a mantle, 
and stretching out his hand to the woman. Be- 
fore her feet, and on the same pedestal, there ie 
a certain strange plant growing, which, rising ae 
high as the hem of the brazen garment, is a kind 
of antidote to all kinds of diseases. Thia statue, 
they say, is a statue of Jesus Christ, and it has 
remained even until our times; so that we our- 
selves saw it whilst terrying in that city.' Euse- 
bius E. H. VII, 18. Sozonien^&leo speaks of it 
and says, ' Julian commanded it to be taken 
down, and a statue of himself to be erected in its 
place; but fire from heaven was poured down 
upon Julian's statue, the head aud breast were 
broken, and it was thrown to the ground with the 
face downwards; it is still to be Eeen on the spot 
where it fell, blackened by the effects of- the 
lightning. The statue of Christ wag dragged 
round the city aud mutilated by the Pagans; but 
the Christians recovered the fragments and de- 
posited the statue in the church iu which it is 
Btill preserved. E. H. V., 21. 

"There is nothing unreasonable in believing 
that the woman did erect the group which Euse- 
bius says he saw, and we may presume that the 
artist would make the Lord's likeness as the 
woman described it It has not been existing for 
very many yeais, for Sozomen speaks of its de- 
struction, but a marble relief of the fourth centu- 
ry, depicting the scene at Csesarea, exists in the 
Lateran Christian Museum. On the left at the 
top of the hall of Sarcophagi is one under a cano- 
py; at one end of it is the scene of Peter denying 
Christ, with buildings in the background; and at 
the other end is the woman and our Lord, also 
with buildinge in the background, as described 
above by Eusebius. One of these is evidently 
the woman's house, a church and baptistry is aleo 
shown, evidently the scene at C&aarea. We be- 
lieve the group in relief to bo a copy of the 
bronze one at Cre3area, and eo this would repre- 
sent the oldest portrait of our Lord; aud it sgrv t ^ 
with the bronzs medallion described above. 

" The figures of our Lord in the early sculpt 
ure wo: k invariably depict him as a young man, 
as for example in the ecene with Peter at the 
other end of the above oited sarcophsgue, but the 

figure in the relief with the woman ie of th 
ceived type as described by Lentulus. We 
sider that the relief and medal hand down t 
perhaps roughly, the features of Jesue CI 
The heade of Chriet in the catacombs are 
earlier than the 9th century, and they follow 
typo at St Paul's with an attempt to beauti 
in accordance with the decree of Adrian I, 
95, that 'Christ should be represented und< 
beautiful a form ae art could display.' " 

From what we have now given on this que* 
it will be seen that we are fully justified in 
conclusion that there is no authentic portra 
our Lord in existence. Some of the older 
traits, made after the description by Lent 
may, in a general v/ay, give us some of his 
ur63, but as a rule the later paintings are lai 
drawn from the imagination of the artists t 

At this writing, Dec. 16, we are in the Oil 
Naples. In a few days we take the Steamer 
setta for Port Said, Egypt. From there we § 
Suez, ai-d to the route of the Exodus of the < 
dren of Israel from Egypt. Then, crossing 
the Land of Goshen, we go to Cairo, hopin 
reach the latter place on ChriBtmas Day. 
are both enjoying excellent health. The '. 
has abundantly blessed us, and we give 
thanks end praise. d. l. 


In No. 49 of last volume I notice an editorial item s 
that a church would like a minister, is willing to rendei 
substantial assistance, but wants a man who understanc 
Gospel, and can preach It to the edification and instruct 
the people. Who is to be the judge, the minister or the 
pie? Must lie preach a trlafcsermon, and, If not satisfai 
be rejected? Is a minister always to be in accord wit 
views of a church before he preaches for them? Ha\ 
not ministers doing good work for the church, who : 
not he edifying in their plain way of preaching the hi 
doctrines of the Bible, to the people, or even to all the cl 
members? If a minister, not coming up to the star 
would move into said church, without said aid, would 
rejected? Or is said aid the consideration of acceptatt 
rejection? Is it a reasonable request? Is this true Du: 
doctrine? Is not this putting money value on specified 
ty? Would not a chinch better call for a minister, wh( 
good Chiistian worker, and In harmony with the usag 
the General Brotherhood, than in harmony with the vie 
said church? I believe in aiding the minister if even he 
not please all the people. I. L. Ber* 

Remaeks — Our brother fails to gat the idet 
tended to be conveyed by the editorial item he l 
tionB. The congregation referred to desirt 
minister in full sympathy with the usageB ol 
general Brotherhood (not her own individual 
particular local notions ), aud does not care to sj 
her money to help locate any other. In this 
is right A preacher, who is not iu full eymp 
with the church of which he is a member, o 
not to expect substantial aid, much less see. 
If a minister, with a good letter, moves into 
or any other congregation of his own accord 
church may receive him as sneb, regardless o 
ability as a preacher. But if the congregi 
proposes to be at the expense of locating a : 
ister, it ie but fair that she should know just < 
she is doing. Matters of that kind can ust 
b9 settled by correspondence, reference, or a , 
It is not placiug money value on ability. 1 
it is in perfect harmony with the practice of 
Brotherhood in the past. Many of our minii 
have been assisted in this manner, aud an 
them some of the leading elders and writer 
the Brotherhood. It ie a way of rendering 
sistauce to ministers that is to be highly * 

J. nn VjrLJ&Sir'Jil^ 


While the world remains there will be a di- 
versity of talents, and it is no more than natural 
that those of special ability should be in greater 
demand. The Lord expects more of them, and 
so does the church. Nevertheless there is work 
in great abundance for all of us, however limited 
our talents. 

A minister of very ordinary ability may accDm- 
plish a good work in one neighborhood, and yet 
be of little value in Bnolher. This may also be 
true of talented preachers. Just now we have in 
mind a minister, of very ordinary attainments as 
a preacher, who is wanted in preference to men 
of far greater ability. And since congregations, 
needing help in the ministry, have the privilege 
of locating a preaoher in their territory, it. is 
probably best to let them make their own choice. 
We are glad that the one referred to calls for a 
man in sympathy with the General Brotherhood. 
This shows that the church means to be loj al to 
true Gospel principles. Of course a man is 
wanted who can interest the people as well as the 
members. This is commendable as well as prof- 
itable. While the ability to do so may not be 
universal among ministers, it is nevertheless a 
gift greatly to be desired, and ought to be culti- 
vated. ^_ j. H . M . 


The Independent publishes an interesting sup- 
position, the moral of which may be well applied 
in a religious sense. 

"Suppose a traveler, passing through the town 
of Andover, Mass., should stop at the door of the 
theological seminary in that town to inquire 
abont the most direct and safest road to Boston, 
what answer would he likely get? Possibly it, 
might be as follows: 

" ' Well, sir, that road (pointing to the old turn- 
pike) has, in the past, generally been called the 
safest and best way; but, my good sir, a syndi- 
cate of far-seeing, enterprising men, who have 
been looking into the matter, decided two or 
three years ago that a far more attractive route 
could be found than the old turnpike, and they 
at once looked into the matter again, when they 
concluded to construct a new road or highway di- 
rectly over the mountains, — fine scenery there, — 
then they courageously followed a new survey 
which led from thence straight to Boston, via 
Cambridge. The new road, or avenue, it Bhould 
be called, beats the old turnpike all to pieces, and 
I advise yon all to go that way. I admit sir, that 
there are seme dark passages, over the mount- 
ains, on this new route, but the syndicate has se- 
cured lights of a new fashion to be placed all 
along the avenue, so that there will be little or 
no danger in taking that road.' 

" ' Has the whole route all the way through to 
the very end been surveyed?' anxiously itquired 
the traveler. 

'"No, not exactly,' was the reply; 'but the 
syndicate assures us that all who go that way will 
surely get there.' 

" ' Do you know of any one who ever went that 
way and got there,— to Boston I mean,— that's 
what I want to know?' 

No, — I don't for certain,' was the hesitating 
reply; 'but most of the directors, including the 
chief engineer, talk that way, and they ought to 

journeyed from earth to heaven is the oily sure 
road that c«u be honestly recommended. The 
mau who wa'ts to be sure of success can afford to 
take no other. 


PERHira it is a little late to write about things 
in the old year, but ou account of other pressing 
doties we failed to say anything about a very 
pleasant visit we had, of two weeks, with the 
Brethren at Pleasant Hill, Ohio. We com- 
menced a meetiug in the little village of Pleasant 
Hill, December 10, and closed on Christmas eve. 
In onr poor way we tried to set before the peo- 
pie some of the preciouB truths of God's Word. 
One young mau accepted the Truth and was bap- 

This church within reoent years has had large 
additions, and is in a proeparous condition. 
Isaac Pries is the elder, and is assisted by D. D. 
Wine and Isaac Franfz in the ministry, both 
young men of 2>al and piety. Bro. Prioe is an 
elder for whom we have profound reBpect. He 
does what he can and rejoices when there are 
those who can do more. Such men are always 
useful, and scarcelyever fail to be appreciated. 
We never met kinder brethren and sisters, and 
their interest in the services was manifested by 
regular attendance and words of enoouragement. 
During the meetings a conncil-meetii'g was held, 
and two deacons were installed. Their names we 
cannot now recall. At this meeting peace and 
harmony prevailed. The finanoial needs of the 
church were liberally responded to, and all the 
members seemed cheerful in domg their part for 
the support of the church. 

We noticed on this visit, and also on a former 
visit to the northern part (if Ohio, an increased 
interest in the mission and educational work of 
the church. The mission spirit is a mark of the 
apostolic church, and the more we have of it the 
more nearly we come in accord with the Spirit 
of Jesus and his apostles. But the climax of 
missionary effort is not yet reached among us. 
We are yet at the foot of the ladder, casting 
glances upward, and have not yet begun to as- 
cend. J. b B. 

Bro. David A. Miller was chosen to the ministry 
and a deacon was also chosen. Bro. David, by 
his energy and z?ul, has sncct.Vicd in building a 
house of worship, which will be dedicated Jan. 22. 
There iB a fine country Hronnd, nnd a good clsss 
of psople. I anticipate a bright futnre for that 
church. Bro. H. P. Maust, a young minister, 
moves into this church next spring from Water- 
loo, and also his father aud family. There was 
also a now orgauizition effected in Ida County, 
four miles south-east of Battle Creek, of some fif- 
teen members. Bro. Miller was chosen to the 
ministry, aud Bro. Wm. Iseuburger as deacon. 
Here is also a good farming country, where land 
is low ui price. 

Another organization was effeoted at Galva, Ida 
County, lately. Bro. Jacob Miller was chosen 
deacon. There is no resident minister here. The 
very fine country at this place presents a good op- 
ening for a young, active minister to find a good 
field. We have beeu giving them meetings since 
the organization. This formerly belonged to the 
Aurelia church, Cherokee County. Bro. J. .Early 
is the elder of that church, These three last 
churches have been organized during tho last 
year. We especially invite your attention t'> this 
prolific field of labor. Come, dear brethren, there 
is work here for a large corps of workers. We 
could make use of several ministers in our ohnrch 
here to a good advantage, as onr fiold is very ex- 
tensive. Brethreu, wishing further information in 
regard to the country in any of those churohes, 
may address me at Kingsley, Iowa; Bro. David A. 
Miller, Le Mars, Iowa; Jacob Miller, Galva, Ida 
County, or Levi Isenburger, Battle Creek, Iowa. 
Any of the above will give you all the informa- 
tion you need or desire. J. W. Tbostle. 

Kingsley, Plymouth Co., Iowa. 

Notes from Virginia. 


It e whit thou seest, and Bend It u 

"'Well' says the traveler, 'I think I will take 
the old turnpike this time, as I want to be sure I 
am right. Good-morning.' 

"He got there." 

Religiously, we may with profit use the figure 
aud aay, that the way Jesus and the apostles 

BryChurch Newa solicited lor this Department. II you have had a 
good meeting, send a report of It, so that others may rejoice with you. 
In writing give name ol church, County and State. Be brief. Notes ol 
Travel should be as short as possible. Land Advertisements are not so- 
licited for this Department. We have an advertising page, and, if i 
aaryi will issue supplements. 

the Mission Field of Nor th-Wes tern Iowa. 

I wish to call the attention of our brethren 
East, contemplating coming West, to seek homes 
and missionary fields where they are much need- 
ed,— especially our young ministering brethren. 
The Counties of Woodbury, Plymouth, Cherokee 
and Ida, to which my personal knowledge extends, 
furnish a grand opening to build up churches of 
the very best society. Those Counties are large- 
ly made op of Brethren's children and yonng peo- 
ple from Illinois, Ohio and the Eastern States. 
We moved to this County ten years ago, with but 
four members, and commenced to hold forth the 
true Gospel to the people. So far we have suc- 
ceeded in building up a church of nearly a hun- 
dred members. We now have a comfortable 
house of worship, and a large Sunday- school. 

We also organized a new church last fall, twelve 
miles North-west of Le Mars, Plymouth County. 

Dec. 1(J I started to King William County, Va., 
to the isolated members in that County. They 
moved there from Maryland aud Pennsylvania, 
About three others moved there six years ago. 
Since moving there they had two visits for preach- 
ing and one feast. They have had no meetings 
for nearly one year. On Sunday I went to Col OS - 
ea, to a Baptist church. Their Sunday-school be-, 
ing in session, we were asked to give a talk to the 
children. At the close they turned the cbs of the 
house over to us. I talked some. We met at the 
same place different times, and also at the Breth- 
ren's houses. There are five brethreu and seven 
sisters at this place, who live ten miles Bpart. 
We had a series of meetings at Bro. Saublo'a 
house. They are anxious for a minister to move 
in and help to raise the standard. Laud in cheap; 
it is a sandy loam. The brethren live fonr miles 
from the railroad, and ten miles from West Point. 
We eaw, in King William County, old colonial 
churches, built in 1731, of brick brought from 
England. They were etrongly built and the walls 
are yet good. There are four houses in this 
County, ten miles apart. One is held by Dr. 
Richards and Lee. It is free to all, and near 
where Brethren live. It would do well for meet- 
ings during the summer, and could be had by the 
Brethren, bo I learn. Dec. 23 wo went to Balti- 
more, and on Sunday I went to Woodberry, and 
attended the Sunday-school and preaching. Bro. 
John Smith is the resident minister. The mem- 
bers appear alive to the cause, and invite the 
ministering brethren to stop at Woodberry. 

Dec. 26 I went to Washington, to 308 Sixth 
St., S. E. I found Bro. Lyon and family well. I 
visited some, and found all in good cheer. 

Dec. 2S I left for Bridgewater, to attend the 
Ministerial Meeting, — the first ever held in the 
Second District of Virginia. All was pleasant and 


THE OCJ«l J Jil^ lYlJito»J^I\<Jl±.l<. 


enjoyable. The subject of liberal giving was dis- 
cusBed, The great need in the Second District 
of Virgiuia is, that the elders be doing their 
duty, — to get a system for giving. In reading 
Bro, Brumbaugh's, sister NofiSinger's and Bro. 
A. Hutchison's articles on city work one may see 
that it requires some one there all the time. I 
hope to see the day when the 'Brethren will have 
a church-honae iu the great Capital. 

8. H, Myers. 

Chips from the Work-house. 

Much interest is manifested in the endowment 
plan for carrying forward the Lord's work: 

1. Because of its certainty and regularity. 

2. Because of its permanency. 

One by one the faithful soldiers of the cross 
are called upon to lay down their armor and join 
the faithful on the other Bhore, while the money 
paid over by them into the miesionary endow- 
ment fund continues, each year, to help the 
church in her great mission on earth. Much has 
been learned by experience since this plan was 
first established by Annual Meeting, and, no 
doubt, much remains yet to be learned in the 
future. A few letters have been received, ex- 
pressing dissatisfaction on the part of several in 
one locality. 

1. Because the notes given were not left in the 
District where the donors resided, as first intended. 

2. Because they have been offered opportunities 
to pay their notes at any time they wish, when 
they had only agreed to pay the interest as long 
as they live and the principal after their death. 

3. Because they had somehow been led to sup- 
pose that the committee is loaning out the money, 
when paid in, at a higher rate of interest than 
they ought. 

4. Because they have fears that some of this 
missionary endowment money will be used to 
build up schools in which they are not interested. 

In answer to all of this, these " Chips " say: 

1. It is true that the brethren who first can- 
vassed for this endowment fund rather encour- 
aged the donors to keep the money as long as 
they live, and pay only the interest, and it is also 
true that it was thought best to leave the endow- 
ment notes in the State District where taken, and 
have interest collected by some one in the Dis- 
trict and forwarded to the committee. I myseli 
so arranged for about twelve thousand dollars of 
endowment notes, given me while canvassing the 
Southern District of Illinois. It was, however, 
soon learned by experience, that in a few years 
some of these donors would be living in other 
States, and that necessity required the committee 
to o&ll in these notes for a more complete record 
and for greater safety, as well as for greater con- 
venience in collecting the interest. This plan is 
now almost universally accepted as being far bet- 
ter than the plan first tried. 

2, Experience proved that in some cases where 
the money was not paid until after the death, of 
the donor, it became difficult, and in some cases 
even impossible, for the committee to collect it. 
Unprincipled parties, after the death of the donor, 
would turn the money into i Lber channels, in- 
stead of allowing it to be u': d for the Lord's 
work, as desired by the donor; therefore, in order 
to make sure that tbere be no trouble of this 
kind, aud because the committee could get seven, 
instead of five per cent interest, and have the 
money secured by first-class farm mortgages, the 
committee cffered all an opportunity to pay their 
notes whenever it snited them to do so. Many 
have gladly availed tin maelvea of this opportuni- 
ty, when properly explained t them. One broth- 
er, who gave a note for n: hundred dollars, 
wrote about six months later; 'I want to pay my 

I. I don't know what other people may do 
with my money after I am dead, Bnd I want this 
in the hands of the church for the Lord's work." 

3. As to takiDg a higher rate of interest than 
the committee ought, these "Chips" say we know 
of no caBe where more than legal interest has 
been received. 

4. Under this head I know of no better 
way than to advise all to read carefully the 
quarterly statements in the GosrEL Messenger, 
of all money received, and for what paid out, 
Let them read carefully the report of committee 
to Annual Meeting, as published in the Minutes, 
until they can have confidence in the ability of 
Annual Meeting to manage this part safely, and 
that not one nickel ever has been, nor ever can 
be, legally applied for any other purpose. Re- 
cent developments have also taught the committee 
that, 'instead of notes like those first taken, a 
plain contract is better. In this contract the de- 
sire of the donor, and the conditions upon which 
the obligation is given, are olearly stated; also 
how the committee must carry on the work, in 
order to make legal said contracts. All contracts 
have interest payable upon one of two dates, ei- 
ther Feb. 1 or July 1, thus requiring the Secre- 
tary to collect interest only twice each year, in- 
stead of each week in the year, as would be the 
case when notes are not thus dated. In many cases 
the notes first given have already been exchanged 
for the contract form, and in order to insure 
greater safety, and for convenience of collecting 
interest, the committee desires to exchange, in 
the near future, with all who prefer not to pay 
the principal of their notes. Arrangements have 
already been made to complete the exchange. 

With the few exceptions, above alluded to, so 
far as known, the brethren and sisters, to whom 
the endowment plan has been properly explained, 
are much pleased with it, and they, as well as the 
committee, have been much enoouraged by the 
fact that, during the last year, the missionary en- 
dowment fund has been nearly doubled, and the 
Lord's work greatly strengthened. 

Daniel Yaniman. 

From Davenport, Nebr. 

Bro. J. E. Young, of Beatrice, Nebr, and Bro. 
G. B. Hancock, district evangelist of the Christian 
church, will begin meetings at Davenport, Nebr.. 
preaching alternate sermons on the difference be- 
tween us, as churches, beginning Jan. 30, at the 
Christian church-house in Davenport. 

The immediate cause of this meeting was 
brought about by Bro. Young's pointed Gospel 
preaching at this place nearly a year ago. After 
his decisive discourse on Trine Immersion, the 
waters became troubled and our Christian friends 
urged Bro. Young to have a public discussion on 
the subject, which Bro. Young declined to do, as 
the question had been discussed repeatedly by 
some of the most talented men. After gome de- 
liberation, Bro. Young proposed to meet them and 
preach alternate sermons with one of their repre- 
sentatives, not only on the mode of baptism, but 
on the differences between us as churches. 

We will be pleased to see a number of our 
brethren with us during the meetings. The St. 
Joseph and Grand Island IUilroad Company have 
granted rednced rates from Fairbury and Fair- 
field to Davenport, for the benefit cf those who 
may wish to attend the meetings 

D. H. Forney. 

From Portage Church, Ohio. 

About a month ego we gave a short report of 
the meeting that was then in progress here. This 
meeting was held in the northern part of this con- 

ation in a union house, where there an 
faithful members. Here Bro. Henry Fn 
Forgy, Ohio, commenced meetings Dec. 
continued over ten days, preaching, in all, 
teen sermons. Four came out on the side 
Lord and were baptized. Two were the he 
families, and the others were two young 
These meetings closed much too soon. 

Jan. 8 Bro. Jacob Witmore aud wife c 
souri, came. Bro. Witmore began preach 
Sunday, Jan. S, and preached each evening 
Sundays at 10: 30, for two weeks. Sleighii 
excellent, but the weather being so cold, o 
gregations were small during the first weet 
second week they began to increase a little 
towards the last we had very fair congreg 
Three dear souls expressed a desire to unit 
the people of God. They were all heads o 

The meetings by Bro. Witmore were 1 
our main church-house, about five miles 
east of the place where Bro. Franf z held hi 
ings. Bro. Witmore is at present in the 
church. May the Lord crown his laboi 
success, that he may gather in many sheav 
J. P. Kba 

Jan. 27. __^__ 

Death of Bro. Elias Auvil. 

Bro. Auvil died at the "World's Dis] 
Medical Association," Buffalo, N. Y., E 
1892, aged sixty-seven years, seven mont 
three days. 

He resided at Cove, Barbour Co., W. *M 
possessed all the elements that make a go. 
zen. For forty years he was a faithful mei 
the German Baptist church; always faith 
consistent, — never failing to perform the 
assigned to him or dictated by his own ge 
noble heart. He was widely known and rei 
By his death the church lost a pillar of. at 
society a valuable example, the children 
father, the friendless a faithful counselor, i 
state an honorable and respected citizen 
eight months previous to his death his w 
faithful life-companion passed away. Fo 
months he had been seriously afflicted, 
gone to Buffalo, N. Y., to seek medical aid 
attacked by pneumonia and died before 
could reach his bed-side. 

His remains were brought back to WeBt 
ia and on Jan. 5, 1893, were buried beside 
loved wife in the family plot near the 
church. There, amid the blue hills of h 
loved Virginia, he sleeps. The church 
longer hear that voice its people loved i 
but they will remember its tones of pei 
aud its warning notes. They will not foi 

"Teach us to feel another's woe, 

To hide the faults we see, 

That mercy I to others show, 

That mercy show to me." 

Bro. Auvil never forgot the Lord, nor f 
comfort the children of the Lord; nor ' 
Lord forget him. John R. Phi: 

Notes from Our Correspond 

a thirty sotil, no Is gocd news from a 

luncie, Intl. — I am now here, in the Ki 
church, since Jan. 21, holding meet-in 
good interest and good order. Though tl 
other meetings near by, we have fair cc 
tions. I intend staying several days yet. 
the Committee of Arrangements for Annu 
ing resides here. From all appearance : 
arrangements will be made satisfactor 
have excellent weather now,— good sleigh 
light nights.— Jos. Holder, Jan. 24. 

Feb. 7,1893. 


Abbyville, Kans.— Bro. G. E. Studebaker closed 
very interesting meetings at Arlington, Kans., 
Jan. 22. He preaohed eighteen sermons, made 
many friends, and left good impressions. ThiB is 
a new plaoe for the Brethren. Two were bap- 
tized and one received by letter.— Isaac H. Miller. 
Philadelphia, Pa.— The Lord continues to bless 
ns. Oar Sunday services are well sustained with 
a good interest. The Sunday-school ranges from 
190 to 210 in actual attendance. We baptized 
nineteen within the last three months and have 
several yet to be baptized. The Lord bless all 
his people!— T. T. Myers, Jan. 26. 

Hartinsburgh, Pa.— Bro. J. M. Mohler, of Lewis- 
town, Pa., commenced a series of meetings hero 
Jan. 4 and closed Jan. 14, delivering, in all, nine- 
teen sermons. It is needless to say that our 
brother preached with great power and energy. 
There were no additions, but many were made to 
count the cost. — A. 0. Dilling, Jan. 19. 

Beading, Pa.— Bro. Henry Light conducted a se- 
ries of meetings in this Oity, from Dec. 25 to Jan. 
6. This was the first series of meetings the 
Brethren ever held in that oity. Four precious 
souls became willing to forsake Satan and walk 
with the children of God in the narrow path. — 
Ella Baffensperger, Barrisburg, Pa, Jan. 27. 

Hilton Grove, Pa. — We had a series of meetings at 
the Green Tree church in the Chiques congrega- 
tion which lasted a little over a week. Thirteen 
sonls came ont on the Lord's side. Brethren 
Boon and Ezra Grabill preached for ns. Daring 
the meetings God refreshed our church, and kin- 
dled a fire which is burning. — Abraham B. Gar- 
man, Jan. 22. 

Hulberry drove, 111 —The members of this church 
have juBt enjoyed a series of meetings, conducted 
by Eld. Michael Flory, of Girard. The meetings 
commenced Jan. 15 and closed Jan. 29. The at- 
tention was excellent, and while there were no 
additions, we believe good impressions were 
made, and the members much built up. — Ida M. 
Kessler, Jan. 30. 

Abbottstown, Pa.— Elders Geo. Bucher, of Klein- 
feltersville, Pa., and Israel Wenger, of Lincoln, 
Pa., came to us Jan. 12 and remained eight days, 
preaching in the forenoon and evening. They 
held forth the Word with power, encouraging the 
faithful and warning the sinner. We feel that 
the church has been strengthened.— Orville V. 
Long, Jan. 20. 

Latty, Ohio.— Our laBt council was held at Bro. 
Daniel Berkeybile's Jan. 7. Business was die- 
posed of pleasantly. Acting upon the suggestion 
of a Bister, a home mission fund was started. 
Bro. Heistand preached in a school-house in the 
evening and on the following Sunday. He now 
expects to preach here every four weeks. — Ida F. 
Miller, Jan. 2i. 

Plat Bock, N. C. — Fourteen years ago about forty- 
five members belonged to this church, scattered 
over a large territory. Now we have four organ- 
ized churches, comprising about 150 members. 
Bro. Henry Sheets has charge of this ohureh and 
is respected by all. He will be a member of the 
next Standing Committee, no providential hin- 
derance. I like our church paper very much. — 
ft W. Miller, Jan.<10. 

Pondre Valley, Colo.— The members of this con- 
gregation met in regular quarterly council Jan. 
21. Eld. G..W. Fesler was present and presided. 
Everything passed off pleasantly, and the best of 
feeling prevailed. The same officers were re- 
elected for the present year. Eld. Fesler de- 
clared to us the. Bread of Life on Sunday and 
Sunday night. In the near future we expect Bro. 
A. 0. Snowberger to be with us and hold some 
meetings.— D. M. Click, Ft. Collins, Colo. 

Sterling, lll.-Bro. D. B. Eby has just closed a 
nine days' series of meetings here. The weather 
is extremely cold, but the interest excellent, and 
a warm feeling has been worked up. Surely, 
Bheaves are ripening for an early harvest.— P. R, 
Kellner, Jan. 23. 

Somerset, Ind.-On Sunday, Jon. 22, at a meeting 
held at the Cart Greek school-house, in the east- 
ern part of the Somerset church, two souls 
were made willing to unite with the ohuroh,— a 
husband and wife. They hRd formerly been 
members of the Progressive Brethren.— S. M. 
Aukerman, Jan. 25. 

West Otter Creek, 111.— Bro. George W. Gripe, of 
Oerro Gordo, 111., came to ns Jan. G, and preaohed 
two weeks. There were no accessions to the fold, 
but the members were made stronger by the good 
sermons and kind words of our brother. Last 
Monday Bro. Gripe left for home.— S. C. WrighU- 
man, Virden, III, Jan. 24. 

missionary Meeting.— The churches in the North- 
ern District of Missouri will please inform their 
delegates to District Meeting, that there will be a 
meeting in connection with District Meeting, at 
which the following proposition will be consid- 
ered: "Mission Work,— its Object, and How to 
Make it More Effective." The meeting will take 
place the day before the District Meeting. We 
hope all will come prepared to give advice.— Jos. 
Andes, Secretary Mission Board, Mound City, 
Mo, Jan. 26. 

Heizer, Kans.— The District Meeting for the Dis- 
trict of South-western Kansas, Southern Colorado 
and No Man's Land will be held in the Walnut 
Valley church, Barton Co., Kans., three miles 
south-west of Heizer and nine miles north-weBt 
of Great Bend. A love-feast will be held on 
Monday, March 27, foe first meeting at 2 P. M. 
Ministerial Meeting will be held March 28. Par- 
ties will please notify Bro. M. Keller, Heizer, 
Kans., and they will be met at station.—^. L. 
Boyd, Jan. 23. 

Yale, Hcbr.— Bro. Hope came to us Jan. 12, and 
commenced a series of meetings on the eveniog 
of Jan. 14, at the Yale school-house. At 2 P. M. 
he preached in the Swedish language at private 
houses. He has worked up quite an interest 
among the Swedes here. We think if be or some 
other brother conld locate here, a great work 
might be accomplished. He has preached, up to 
this date, thirteen sermons, and, the Lord witling, 
he will continue over Sunday. Then he will go 
to Buffalo County.— D. M. Ross, Jan. 21. 

Camp Creek, II!.— The members of the Gamp 
Creek church held their council Jan. 21. It was 
well attended. We called upon Bro. D. B. Gib- 
son to be with us. The writer was advanced to 
the second degree of the ministry. Bro. Sherman 
Stookey was elected to the ministry and Bro. An- 
drew Oarson to the office of deacon. The church, 
heretofore, was in charge of Eld. John Pool, but 
by his withdrawal from the eldership, the church 
was left without an elder. We chose Bro. D. B. 
Gibson as our elder, and he accepted the charge. — 
S. S. Hummer. 

Welsh Hun, Pa.— Since my last report one was re- 
ceived by baptism. Bro. David Ausherman, of 
Frederick, Md., preached one sermon at the Clay 
Lick church Jan. 15, and on the 16th he com- 
menced a serieB of meetings at the Union school- 
house. Jan. 27 he closed, after preaohing thir- 
teen sermonB at that place.— Bliab Zuck, Jan. 28. 

Pleasant Valley, Obio.-Bro. D. S. Filbrum came 
to us Dec. 31 and held a series of meetings for us 
at the Jordan house. The meetings continued 
two weeks with a good interest. The severe, cold 
weather hindered some from attending. Four 
young brethren united with the church by bap- 
tism. We continued our Sunday-school till De- 
cember, with an excellent interest and a large in- 
crease in attendance over last year.— Silas Oil. 
bert, Jan. 17. 

Lancaster, Ta.-Bro. T. F. Imler oondnoted a 

very pleasant and profitable series of meetings, 
commencing Jan. 1, 1893, and closing Jan. 17, 
preaching, in all, nineteen sermons. During the 
meetings three manifested a willingness to obey 
the call, and kst Sunday they were received by bap- 
tism. There were several others who were favora- 
bly impressed. The truth could not have been pre- 
sented more plainly and faithfully than it was by 
our pastor. There was also one, a brother in an- 
other district but now a resident of Lancaster, 
who wishes to be reclaimed.— A. J. Evans. 

Edna Bills, Ind.— We began a series of meetings 
in the Edna meeting-house Jan. 15. Bro. L. T. 
Holsinger, of Ladoga, Ind., gave us four soul- 
cheering sermons. Bro. Win. Harshbarger, from 
Ladoga, Ind., gave us one sermon. The remain- 
der of the time was taken up by the home minis- 
ters. Jan. 22 Bro. Daniel Bock, from the How- 
ard church, gave us two sermons. Jau. 23, ac- 
cording to previons arrangements, Bro. J. 0. 
Murray, of Nappanee, Ind,, came to hold a series 
of meetings for us. We hope and pray that he 
may be able to preach the Word with power. 
We have had good sleighing since New Year's 
Day.— Samuel Skiles, Jan 25. 

Wood Biver Church, Nebr.— Bro. J. E. Young, of 
Beatrice, Nebr. came to us and began a series of 
meetings on the evening of Jan. 4, and closed 
with a Communion meeting on the evening of 
Jau. 24. The meeting was much enjoyed by all, 
especially the feast. Twenty-two communicants 
ded the tables. Eleven sisters confessed 
Christ during these meetings and were baptize! 
One brother was reclaimed. Most of those bap 
tized are j oong in years. Many more, we be- 
lieve, are near the kingdom. The weather was 
most delightful daring the meetings. Bro. Young 
is an able speaker and did not fail to declare the 
whole .truth, and pointed sinners to Christ. 
Saints were eocoaraged to go on in the good 
work. — Edgar M Suavely, Jan. 26. 

Hound City, Ho. — We learn from Bro. Hipes, who 
is working in the mission field for us, that four 
more were immersed at St. Joseph last Sunday. 
Bro. Hipes, at present, is holding a series of 
meetings at Whitesville, Mo. For the benefit of 
those who are still writing ns for more mission 
work, we will say, that we will not be able to do 
any more mission work till after District Meet- 
ing, hoping the churches are satisfied that we 
used our best efforts to accomplish the most 

Hartford City, Ind. —Bro. Isaac Franl ■/. commenced 
a series of meetings Jau. 7, and continued until 
Jan. 22. We had to contend with a great many 
disadvantages. First we were disappointed in the 
house we had rented and were compelled to get 
another house. The weather being very cold and 
stormy, people could not get out much the first 
week, but as soon as the weather settled, the con- 
gregation began to increase, so much so that the 
house was entirely too small. The last night a 
large part of the congregation went away on ac- 
count of a lack of room. Don't talk about cities 
not being the place for our brethren to work. 
Thousands of souls are anxious for the truth. 
There were four additions, and many say they 
will come soon. Only eternity will reveal the 
good done in our Oity. There has been more Bi- 

good. — Jos. Andes, Secretary Mission Board, • ble reading done here during the last week than 
Northern District of Missouri. i for some time previous. — Levi Winklebleok. 






L therefore God hath join'-d together, let 

HOPWOOD- G'ARBER.— At the reddence of the bride's 
parents, Jan. 21, 1893, by Eld. Samuel Flory, Bro. Phlneas G. 
Hopwood, of Deep River, Iowa, and ilster Minnie Garber, of 
South I .■ 11 h, Iowa, Alick Garbkr. 

NEWER— SEE,— At the homeol the bride's parents, Jan. 
so, 1893, by the undersigned, Bro. Daniel P. Neher,of Chero- 
kee County, KanB.j and MUs Mary See, of Allen County, 
Kai.s. Andrew Neher. 

HIMES— HARNI5H.— Atlhebrlde'a home, in the Dor- 
rancc church, Kan$., Jan. in, 1893, Joseph C. Mimes and 
Fanny J. Ha Jacob Harnish. 

BUSH — FARR1NGTON— By the undersigned, at his 
residence, Barryvllle, Ohio, Jan. 19, 1893, Mr. Moses A. Bush, 
of Alliance, Ohio, and MUs Mary E, Farrington, of Marlbor- 
ough, Ohio. J.J.Hcovbr. 

MOHLER— SHANK Al the of the biide's 
father, Dec. 28, 1892, by Rev. Black, of the M. E. church, 
Bro. D. L, Mohler, of Punta Gordo, F]a., formerly of War- 
rensburgh, Mo„ and Sallle E. Shank, daughter of L. 11. 
Shank, of Bowling Gieen,Fla. ^ Katis Wenger. 

ARNOLD- BRANDT— At the home of (he bride's par- 
en'-, In Newton, Kane,, Dec. 25, 189a, by the undersigned, 
Mr, Lett E. Arnold and Katie M. Brandt, both of Newton, 
Kans. L- Andhs. 

CORNER— REED.— At the resldenceof the bride's par- 
ents Oct. 13, 1893, by Eld. Marcus Fowler, Mr. Ollle Corntr 
and Miss Mallnda Reed, both of Franklin County, Iowa. 

DsARMOUN— REED,— At the residence of the bride's 
parer.ti, Oct. 13, 189a, by Eld. Marcus Fowler, Mr. Harvey 
DeArmoun and Miss Katie Reed, both of Franklin County, 

BURNHAM— REED.— At the residence of the bride's 
parenlB.Jan. I, 13 b ' ■ j. Gourlcy, Mr. William Burn- 
1 1 m Rted, alio! Franklin County, Iowa. 

SC1IULER— HANAWALT.—Al the home of the bride's 
parents, Jan. 10, 1893, by Eld. J.M. Hanawall, Bro. Alfred E. 
Schuler and sister Mary R. Hanawall, Loth of Butler County 
Iowa. Mary C. Allrn. 

GARST-SLIFER,— At Iheresldence of the bride's par- 
ents, McPhereon, Kans, by the undersigned, Mr. William F, 
Garot and Miss Laura A. Sllfer. S. Z. Sharp. 

MOORE-ROSS.-At the reticence id the olliclating mln- 
lster, Dec. 29, 189a, Bro. Thomas Moore and hitter Nannie 

DIEHL— CLINE— At the residence of Bro. Frederick 
CHne, Dee. 29, 1892, Mr. Uaac Dithl and sister Ida Ciine. 

GARBER— WRIGHT.— At the residence of Bro. David 
Wright, Jan. 19, 1S93, Mr. Luther Gather and sister Sallle 
Wright. J. M. Clink. 

Fallen Asleep. 

: Lord 

CRUSE.— In the bounds of the Sla'e Creek church, Kani as, 
Dec. 2S, 1893, Louis Irvln, son of John and Chailotte Cruse, 
aged nearly two years. Thus, within three jeare, the sad psr- 
enta have teen bereft ol their four children. The other three 
died In Marlon County, Kans. Funeral services by the writ- 
er. Eld. John Wise. 

LYBROOK.~In the Four Mile congregation, Union Co., 
Ind., Bro. Baltzer Lybrook, aged 70 years, 3 months and 22 
days. He was married to Jane Cunningham Dec. 12, 1844, 
and became a member of the Brethren church In it>7i, and 
for the last sixteen years served faithfully In that body as a 
deacon. Fourchlldien precede him, and seven children and 
an aged companion Etirvlve him. His sickness was long and 
painful, bat he bore it with Christian fortitude. Funeral serv- 
ices by Hie Brethren lo a large concourse cf people. His life 
was worthy of Imitation. E. M. Conn. 

JENNINGS.— In the Falrview church, Appanoose Co., 
Iowa, Dec. 14, 1S92, Bro. John D.Jennings, aged 66 years, 3 
months and 1 day. Bro. Jennings was born in Roanoke 
County, Va. He was married to Mary S. Howell in 1S52, 
and united with the Brethren church in iSjc,. The last thirty- 
flve years of Ms life he served In the office of deacon. He 
leaves a wife and ten cl ildren. Funeral services by the home 
ministers. W. H. Leavell. 

DUFF— In the bounds of New Lebanon, Montgomery- 
Co, Ohio, Jan. 17, 1893, Mrs. Mary Duff, aged 84 years, 10 
months and 4 days Funeral services were held Friday fore- 
noon In the old Brethren's meeting-house by Rev. Herman, 
of Miamlsbu-g, Ohli. Interment In the Tristel cemetery. 
She leaves four sons and two daughters. H. H. Martin. 

HELPER.— In the Richland church, Richland Co., Ohio, 
the home of her parents, two mlks west of Mansfield, Jan. 
5, 1893, sister Anna C. Heifer, aged lo years, 9 months and 9 
days. Dec. 3, 1882, she was married to N. N. Heifer, who 
preceded her to the spirit world In 1S90 To them were giv- 
en two sons. In the spring of 1892 she was taken with La 
Grippe which resulted in consumption. She united with He 
Brethren church when fifteen j ears of age. Services by Eld. 
James McMullen from Rev. r 4 : 13. M. M. H. 

MOYER.— Near Broadway, Rockingham Co, Va., Dec. 
r2, 1892, of apoplexy, George W. Moyer, aged 67 years. Fu- 
neral at the Llnvllle Creek meetlrg-house by Eld. Benjamin 
Miller and the writer from Matt. 24:44. 

SHULTZ.— In the bounds cf the Green Mount church, 
Rockingham Co., Va., Dec. 20, 1892, Susan Shultz, aged 74 
years, 9 months and 9 days. Funeral services by the writer 
from 2 Kings 20: I. 

HOLSINGER.— In the bounds of the Linville Creek 
church, Rockingham Co., Va., Dec. 31, 1892, sister Sarah C, 
wile of J. Franklin Holsinger, aged 30 years, 10 months and 
25 days. She leaves a husbard, three small children and 
many relatives. Funeral services by Eld. S. H. Myers and 
the writer, from I Thess. 4: r3. ^ J. F. ZlGLBR. 

EBIE,— In the East Nlmishillen church, Stark Co., Ohio, 
Jan. r5, 1893, Alvesta, daughter of Henry and Elizabeth Eble, 
aged 3 j ears and 16 days. J. J. Hoover. 

BACHER.— Near McPhereon, Kans , Jan. ax, Maggie Lil- 
ian, daughter of brother and sister Henry Bacher, aged t9 
years, 8 months and 9 days. The deceased had the day set to 
be married, but became sick several days before that day, and 
the wedding garments took the place of a shroud. How un- 
expected comes death. Fureral discourse from Luke 12:40 
by ihe writer. S. Z. Sharp. 

TOBIAS.— In Covington, Ohio, Jan. 2, 1893, sister Anna 
Mary Tobias, aged 66 years and 3 days. We will miss sister 
Anna In our Sunday- school. She was our teacher in the in- 
fant class. Her sufferings were long and severe but she died 
In the fond hope of the life beyond. Funeral services im- 
proved by brethren Isaac Franiz, W. Boggs and the writer. 
A. S. Rosekhergkr. 

IDLE.— In Clinton County, Ind., Jan. 17, 1893, Frank Idle, 
aged 73 years, 2 months and 10 days. He leaves a widow, 
three children and several grandchildren to mourn their lose. 
Funeral services In the Ple.vant View church by Eld. Isaac 
BUlhlmer and Solomon BI!cktnstatT. Text, "We have no 
continuing city here but we seel: one to come, whose builder 
and maker is God." John E. Mktzger. 

WAGNER.— In the Salem church, Ohio, Jan. 15, 1893, 
Freeman Wagner, son of Bro. Geo. and sister Henrietta Wag- 
ner, aged 6 months and 15 days. Funeral services by the 
home ministers. Jisse K. Brumbaugh. 

HESS— In the Elkhart church, Ind, Dec. 23, 1S93, sister 
Mary A. Hess, aged 69 years, 6 months and 19 days. She 
was a, faithful member of the Brethren church for about thir- 
ty-die years. Her husband, Moses Hess, who was a faithful 
minister, preceded her to the spirit world about twelve years. 
About twelve daj s before her deith she called for the ( Iders, 
and was anointed. She leaves four children. Funeral serv- 
ices at the Goshen church to a very large concourse of peo- 
ple by the writer, from Matt. 27: 52. A. L. Neff. 

'BURKHOLDER.— In the Ridge church, Cumberland C. . 
Pa., Jan. ri, 1893, Bro. David C. Burkholder, aged about S5 
years. Funeral services by Eld. E. D. Book and the under- 
signed. J. R. Fogelsanghr. 

SNOEBERGER.— In the Yellow Creek church, Pa., Jan. 
12, 1S93, Alvlna, daughter of Bro. Jacob and sister Mary 
Snoeberger, aged 8 years, 10 months and iS days. Funeral 
services by Bro. C. L. 3uck, assisted by L. T. Suckey. 

Barbara Holsinger. 

LENTZ.^In the Washington church, Kosciusko Co., Ind , 
Jan. 5, LS93, Catharine Lenlz, aged 54 j ears, 7 months and 12 
days. She was baptized by Eld. Frederic Loehr, and lived a 
consistent member of the Brethren church for over thirty 
years. Services were conducted by Daniel Shh-ely from 2 
Cor. 5 : 1. A. H. Puterbaugh. 

STIGILE.— In the Pine River church, Brown Co., Nebr., 
Nov. ro, 1S92, Bro. R. B. Stlgile, aged 46 years, 9 months 
and 10 days. Deceased was born In Montgomery County, 
Pa , Jan. 30, 1S46. After moving to Lancaster County, Ohio, 
he was married to sister Anna White, and then moved to Cass 
County, Nebr., then to Brown County, Nebr., where he unit- 
ed with the Brethren in October, 1SS7, and was chosen lo the 
office of deacon in 1S90. He was a faithful servant until tak- 
en away by his Master. He leaves a wife and six children 
Funeral services by our home minister, W. L. Boyd, from 
Rev. 14: 13. C. C. Barnar: 

CUMPTON.— In the bounds of the Landess church, Grant 
Co, Ind., Joshua Cumpton, aged 85 years and 10 months. 
He was the father of sister Joseph Lee and a member of the 
M. E. church. Aaron Mess, 

GARRETSON.— In the Dry Creek church, low; 

30, 1892, sister Hannah Garretson, aged 90 years, 1 

and r 4 days. Hannah Miller was born Nov. 16, 180J 

was united in marriage to Aaron Garretson, June 2 

She has been a faithful member of the Brethren churct 

six years. She was the mother of ten children. She w 

ripe sheaf, gathered into the garner. Peace be to her 

funeral discourse by Bro. T. G. Snyder, assisted by 

C. Miller from 1 Thess. 4: 13. Interment in Brethren': 

tery. Lizzie M. Roc 

HUFFMAN.— In the bounds of the Green Mount 1 

.tlon, rear Melrose, of consumption, sister Margare 

an, aged 48 years and 11 days. Sister Huffman was 

fferer. Services at the Christian church at Linvll 

ev. 14: 13, by Eld. Frederick Wampler and the writei 

Jacob A. Gar 

LAYTON.— In the Hopewell church, near the t< 
Everett, Pa., Jan 9, 1S93, Sarah V. Laylon, aged 21 y 
hs and 19 days. Deceased came to the church 
four months ago. She leaves a husband and daughte 
neral services at the place cf residence by the writei 
Rev. 14: 13. D. S. Clap 

NUSBAUM.— In the Sam's Creek congregation 
Port, Carroll Co , Md., Dec. 25, 1S92, Bro. John Nu 
aged 57 years, 3 months and 29 days. Funeral servlci 
conducted by elders Emanuel Babylon, Joel Roc 
Ephraim Stouffer. 

REI3T.— At East Petersburg, Pa., Jan. 10, 1893, sis 
becca Reist, nge Gochnauer, wife of Benjamin E. Rett 
52 years, 10 months and 13 days. She was a member 
German Baptist Brethren church She toolt sick St 
1S78, with typhoid fever, and was confined to her bed 
valid chair for about two years. She used crutches fo 
thirteen years. During all her suffering she bore u 
Christian fortitude. She leaves a husband, three so 
one daughter. Funeral services by the brethren fror 
r-3: 14, at Ea^t Petersburg. Interment at Krelder'i 
Ing-house. Ellen G. R 

BOWMAN.— At the Pleasant Valley church, Clay 
ty, Iowa, Jan. 8, 1893, Bro. Daniel Bowman, aged 81 ; 
months and 24 days. He was anointed by Eld. Hen 
baker In full faith of the Gospel. Cornelius Bow 

SMITH.— At Milford, Ind., Jan. 13. 1893, Gertrudt 
Smith, daughter of friend Charles and Maggie Smith, 
years, 5 months and 2 days. Funeral services condui 
Hiram Forney. Cause of her death, membraneous cr 

CONRAD.— Jan. 17, 1893, Frank Conrad, oldest 
friend John Conrad and wife, aged 21 years, 3 months 
days. Funeral services conducted by the writer to 
audience at the Whitehead church, Elkhart Co., Ind. 



GILBERT.— In the Union Center church, Elkhi 
Ind., Dec. 7, 1S92, sister Elizabeth Gilbert, aged 76 
months and 7 days. Deceased was born in Frederick 
ty, Md., in 1S16, and united with the Brethren church 
sixteenth year, living in that faith until death came to 
lief. She leaves one brother. Services by Bro. H. 
from 2 Cor. 5: 1. Candace Ho( 

The Gospel Jiflessenge? 

recognized organ of the German Baptist or Brethren's 
jcates the form cl doctrine taught in the New Testan 
>r a return to apostolic and primitive Christianity. 

the New Testament as the only Infallible rule of I 
practice, and n>:iiul.'>ii'.3 Hut Kiitli toward God, Repentance fr 
works, Regeneration of tire heart and nrind, baptism by Trine In 
(or remission of sins unto the reception ol the Holy Ghost by tl 
on of hands, are the means ol adoption into the household of C 

It also maintains that Feet-washing, a3 taught in John 13, bol 
ample and command of Jesus, should be observed in the church. 

That the Lord's Supper, Instituted by Christ and as unlvei 
served by the apostles and the early Christians, i3 a full meal 
connection with the Communion, should be taken In the evenlnf 

That the Salutation of the Holy Kiss, or Kiss of Charity, is 
apon the followers of Christ. 

That War and Retaliation are contrary to the spirit and sell 
principles of the religion of Jesus Christ. 

That the principle of Plain Dressing and ol 
^rorld, as taught in the New Testament, should be observed b] 
'.oners of Christ. 

That the Scriptural duty ol Anointing the Sick with Oil, In tl 
cl the Lord, James J: 14, Is binding upon all Christiana. 

it also advocates the church's duty to support Missionary ai 
Work, thus giving to the Lord for the spread of the Gospel an 
conversion of sinners. 

In short, ft Is a vindicator of all that Christ and the apostles 
joined upon us, and alms, amid the conflicting theories and dl 
modern Christendom , to point out ground that all must concede 

ty The above principles of our Fraternity are s 
1 our Brethren's Envelopes." Use them I Price 
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Come Let Us Reason Together, 

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Which is the Right Church, 
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Alone with God, 

This manual of devotions, by J. H. Garri- 
son, comprises a series of meditations with 
forms of prayer for private devotions, family 
worship and special occasions. It is one of 
the most useful, most needed, and best adapt- 
ed books of the year, and therefore It is not 
strange that ft is proving one of the most 
popular. In work of this kind Its distin- 
guished, gifted, pious and beloved author is 
at his best. This book Is helpful to every 
minister, church official, and Sunday-school 
superintendent, as well as every private mem- 
ber of the church in all ages. It has models 
of prayer, suitable for the service of the 
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ren's Publishing Co., Mt. Morris, 111., or 
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This Is just the Quarterly for the little 
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The MONON ROUTE has added to lu 
already splendid equipment, two brand n 
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the fast day trains between Chlcag ■ and I I 


These car* are model* of convenience, 
comfort, and beauty, and arc operated 01 
a la carte plan, which m«-an- that a passenger 
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Watch for the MONON'S new schedule to 
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s Cough and Croup Cure 

md quick cure for eor.os and especially I 

Oar Cough and Croup 

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medicine that proved to be toch ft b!tis!n[ ■■ tha laU 
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Good Books for All. 

All for Christ.— By Thomas Carter. Every 
earnest Christian cannot help but be benefited by 
the reading of this excellent work. Cloth, 65 cts. 

Ancient History.— By Charles Rollin. This 

-■.' w,.il. ! 1.1 I.,- in uvciv lilii.iry, 1'ilcu, 

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A Homilctic Encyclopedia.— By R. A. Bert- 
ram. This. I I, besides giving Illustrations In 

moral 1, la n hand I I ol pra< tit al divinity, and 11 

1 ■ mmentary on Holy Si rlpture, Cloth, |a.$o. 

Before an Audience— By Nathan Sheppard, 
A work ol special benefit to all who speak In pub- 
Hi , showing the use ol the mill In public speak 
in:'. Cloth, 75 cents. 

Bible Teachings in Nature.— By HughMac- Nalu.eamlthe Bible agree, because the 
same Hand ordained thein to minister dKto us, 

and this Ih shown in the ahuve \vmk, Cloth, #i.7«. 
Cyclopedia of Illustrations.- By Elon Fos- 

! n:„- 

Cyclopedia of Scrmons.-By J. Burns. This 
work, while nol Intended to do away with Individ* 
,il r.iinlv, will pt»ve ,< valuable help lo any minis* 
tor. Cloth, ia.50. , 

Events and Epochs in Religious History. — 
01 1 in. freeman Clarke, Tills work shows in 
graphic inannei the history ol religion In the dif- 
ferent ages. Cloth, Jj.oo. 

Feathers for Arrows. — By Charles H. Sptir- 
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God's Light on Dark Clouds.— By T. L. 

afflicted ones. Cloth, ?S cents. 
God and the Future Life.— By Chas. Nord-, A clearand concise work, treating on this 

graat Issue of lite, Cloth, J 1.00. 
History of the Christian Church. -By Phil- 

John Ploughman's Talk and Pictures. By 
C, II. Spurgeon, Tills work jjlvcs sound advice 
on the practical questions ol life In language ho 
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Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah.— By 

Alfred Edorslielm. A tl gh work, ol Especial 

Interest to Blblo students. Two volumes, cloth, 
36.c . 
Meditations on Life, Death and Eternity.— 
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1: an, und cannol (all to be Interesting. In two 

volumes, cloth, each, $i.(a. 
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Natural Law in the Spiritual World. By 

B etl( Bible student. Cloth, St,ix>, 
Pulpit Cyclopedia.— By J. Burr 


" Cy 

iopedla of Sermons." Cloth, (a. S3. 
Spurgcon's Gems. — By C. II. Spurgeon. 

These selections, as the title Indicates, contain 

the best thoughts to be lound in the sermons ol 

this great preacher. Cloth, $1.00, 
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Two Worlds a 


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Parables of our Lord. Cloth, J2.S0. 

The Prayers of the Bible.— By Philip Wal- 
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The Life of Trust.— By George Muller. In 
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Cloth,; alligator, (a. So; sheep, * j.». 


Feb. 7, 




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leavening strength.— £ 



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Farm for Sale. 

A desirable property located i}-£ miles east 
of Ml. Morris, consisting* of 185 acres of well- 
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residences in Ogle County. For further par- 
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directions for 
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A New Catalogue for '93, 

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Quinter's "Trine Immersion." 

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jr ministers can be found than this work of 
nr dear departed one. Price, $1.35 per copy 
postpaid. Address this office. 

Doctrine of the Brethren Defended. 

us work contains a complete exposition 
of the faith and practice of the Brethren, the 
Divinity of Christ, the Divinity of Ihe Holy 
Spirit, Immersion, Feet-washing, the Lord's 
Supper, the Holy Kiss, Non-conformity, Se- 
cret Societies, etc. Price, per copy, cloth 
binding, $1.25. Address this office. 

Classified Minutes of Annual Meeting, 
with Appendix, 

Not all the members of our church have 
that perfect knowledge of our principles, that 
Is so desliable. Others there are who are 
well acquainted wlih the church as It exists, 
but who would like to know something of her 
past history, as regards her gradual growth 
and development. In fact, all who are inter- 
ested in the welfare of the church, that is so 
dear to all of u-j, should have access to a com- 
plete compilation, fetich as Is found In the 
"Classified Minutes of Annual Meeting," 
with the appendix, containing Ihe minutes up 
lo the present date. We sell this work at on- 
ly $ 1.75 for cloth binding. Be sure lo send 
for a copy while the supply Is still on hand. 
Those who have the old edition of the " Clas- 
sified Minutes," can have the '• Appendix" in 
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A new edition of this deservedly-popular 
Sunday-school song-book has ju6t been Is- 

Bro. Beery has had a large experience In 
Sunday-school work, and the book which we 
offer to the Brethren, and the public in gen- 
eral, evinces the exercise of talent as well as 
good judgment. The religious purity of the 
hymns, contributed by sister Beery, adds 
much to the excellence of the book. 

Price per single copy, 25 cts.; per dozen, by 
mall, $2.50; by express $2.50. Lots of more 
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Hot Flash es Positiv ely Cured! 

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References given on request. For particu- 
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the verse. Besides this there are given the 
significations Qf the principal words, by which 
their true, Scriptural meaning may be known. 
A full account of Jewish customs and 
monies Is given as well as a complete 
cordance of the proper names of the Bible 
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Bible Lands 


Lessons in Penmanship, 

Look here, reader, do >ou know that you 
n Improve your wilting 50 per cent by tak- 
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en to good-paying positions, and I can 
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The Holliiiger Fence* 

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observe the following 

new edition of this deservedly-popul; 
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those who are interested in Bible study this 
work will always remain a favorite. Those 
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A fair supply of the last edition of this 
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Complete catalogue of all kinds of cl( 
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